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Adveniiires in Bible Study 


A message to Brethren youth and adults 
from BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 

This month's "BYC Briefing" will give some back- 
ground information on POINTS TWO and THREE of 
the FOUR POINT PLAN. POINT TWO challenges 
each BYC group to set a goal for its contribution to- 
ward our National Ingathering at the 1982 BYC Con- 
vention. POINT THREE challenges each member of 
BYC to pray for, promote, and raise funds for our 
National Mission Project this year — the Brethren 
Care nursing home in Ashland, Ohio. 

Each year we recognize the top ten contributing 
youth groups at our National BYC Convention after 
our Ingathering is taken. At our 1980 Ingathering, 
five of the top ten contributing groups presented one 
thousand dollars or more. At the 1981 Convention, 
only two groups contributed one thousand dollars or 
more. We don't dare stop at this fact, though, for it 
doesn't tell the whole story. Even though we had 
fewer groups contributing large amounts, we raised 
more money than we did in 1980! Obviously, even 
though the amounts they gave were less, more groups 
contributed in 1981 than in 1980. This was a great 
thing to see. 

POINT TWO should be taken as a direct challenge 
by each BYC group to get involved and work toward 
our common, national goal of $14,450. Last year we 
fell roughly $4,000 short of our goal of $15,800. This 
year, I think we can meet and surpass our goal. 

Each year our National Mission Project serves as 
the highlight of our fundraising purpose. The Lord 
truly motivates us to reach out in this mission. The 





project we choose each year at our Convention helps 
pull us together as we pray and work toward helping 
those in need. This is what POINT THREE is all 

Due to government regulations in the nursing care 
field, Brethren Care must make some specified 
changes in order to retain its certification. These 
changes include redesigning the laundry area accord- 
ing to sanitary regulations now in effect; providing 
more storage space so that the utility room can be 
emptied, so as not to deprive nurses use of this space; 
and creating a room large enough to conduct in- 
service training programs, worship services, staff 
meetings, group therapy, etc. 

Our project offering will help provide the $85,000 to 
$100,000 needed to finance this construction, which is 
now underway. This project is not only a service to the 
Brethren Care nursing facility, but to all those who 
now live and will live there. POINTS TWO and 
THREE are directed precisely toward this service, and 
I know we can meet our goal. 

In next month's "Briefing," I will cover the final 
POINT in the FOUR POINT PLAN. It deals with the 
seven "guidelines" we adopted this past August at our 
National Convention. Once we begin working toward 
accomplishing these seven "guidelines," we'll see sev- 
eral more opportunities for service and participation. 
Being aware of these opportunities gives us the 
chance, as it says in our BYC Covenant, "to serve 
faithfully our Lord and the Brethren Church." It] 

Personal renewal to be theme 
of 1982 pastors' conference 

St. Petersburg, Fla. — Plans are being finalized for 
the 1982 Brethren Pastors' Conference, to be held 
March 9-11 at Cedarkirk Retreat Center , Lithia, Fla. 
(just ten miles from the Brandon Brethren Church). 

"The Pastor's Personal Renewal" will be the theme 
of the conference. The program will include oppor- 
tunities for renewal through group sessions, medita- 
tion, fellowship, recreation, reading, and relaxation. 

Resource leaders for the group sessions will be Rev. 
Lacy Harwell and Dr. William S. Reed. 

Rev. Harwell is pastor of the Maximo Presbyterian 
Church of St. Petersburg, Fla. He has extensive train- 
ing in pastoral care, mental health, and drug rehabili- 
tation. He also is experienced in contemplative prayer 
and nurturing the inner life through reading, prayer, 
and two-week stays at a Trappist monestary. He will 
lead sessions on inner growth. 

Dr. William S. Reed is a medical doctor, surgeon, 
speaker, author, and founder of the Christian Medical 

Foundation Counseling Center in Tampa, Fla. He is a 
physician "who recommends large doses of Christian 
living along with medicines he prescribes for his pa- 
tients." His group session will be on physical health. 

The conference will also include a tour of the Breth- 
ren work at Brandon, Town and Country, Brethren 
House, Bradenton, and Sarasota. 

Rev. William Kerner, Director of Pastoral Minis- 
tries, has urged Brethren churches to make it possible 
for their pastors to attend this conference by helping 
with transportation and registration expenses, and by 
providing leadership during their pastors' absences. 
(See his open letter to Brethren churches on page 22 of 
the October issue of the Evangelist.) Churches that 
help their pastors attend will reap benefits in the re- 
newed vision and sense of enthusiasm their pastors 
will bring back from the conference. 

The cost of the conference (not including transporta- 
tion, of course) will be $55 per pastor, or $100 for a 
pastor and his wife. Pre-registration must be sent to 
Rev. Keith Bennett by February 1. Rev. Bennett, Dr. 
J.D. Hamel, and Rev. Phil Lersch (chairman) are in 
charge of planning the conference. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 750 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 
Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 

Second class postage paid at Ashland, 


Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 

the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 

College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


As we enter the New Year, 
what better way to do so than 
with a renewed commitment to 
Bible study? Willard A. Scofield 
offers suggestions for a more 
meaningful firsthand encounter 
with the Bible in "Adventures in 
Bible Study" on pages 4-7. 

Vol. 104, No. 1 

January 1982 

4 Adventures in Bible Study 

Willard A. Scofield challenges us to a firsthand encounter with 
the Bible and offers some guidance on how we can make its 
truths our very own. 

8 Counsel from Crutches 

William W. Brady shares some lessons about the Christian life 
he learned while hobbling around on crutches. 

10 Focusing on the Things That Count 

If the Brethren Church is to fulfill its ministry, it must redirect its 
focus on those issues the early Brethren found essential, says 
General Conference Moderator Frederick J. Finks. 

Ashland Theological Seminary 
12 Growth and Outreach 

Ashland Theological Seminary has experienced great internal 
growth and at the same time its graduates are reaching out 
into the world with the message of the gospel. 

Ashland Theological Seminary Alumni 

Specifics on the wide diversity of ministries being performed 
by Ashland Theological Seminary graduates. 

Brethren Students and Faculty 

A pictorial look at Brethren students and faculty at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

ATS: Help Needed 

ATS is seeking to strengthen its financial base through its cap- 
ital campaign, known as "A Time of Opportunity." 




■ »«■ i 

17 The Brethren Encyclopedia 

Joseph R. Shultz presents a progress report on financing for 
The Brethren Encyclopedia. 

2 BYC Briefing 

18 The Salt Shaker 

19 Update 

Cover photo and pictures on pages 4, 6, and 7 by Gregory Davis. 
Cover design by Howard Mack. 

January 1982 


in Bible Study 

by Willard A. Scofield 

THOSE who have looked 
at a picture of the Grand 
Canyon and then have gone 
to see it for themselves know 
the difference between first- 
hand and secondhand experi- 
ence. No picture, no written 
account can compare with 
seeing this extravaganza of 
nature's beauty with our own 

Similarly, there's nothing 
that can compare with the 
personal experience of dig- 
ging into the Bible for our- 
selves and making its truths 
our very own. No book about 
the Bible, no sermon about a 
text of Scripture is as satisfy- 
ing as mining the truth for 

Experts have their place. 
They can help us with dif- 
ficult words and fill us in on 
historical background. But 
all too often we downgrade 
the fact that the Bible, 
through the aid of the Holy 
Spirit, can speak its message 
directly to the average per- 
son. Everyone can be an in- 

Here are some suggestions for a firsthand 
encounter with God's word. They are taken 
from some leads given in the opening verses 
of Psalm 119. 

Openness to New Truth 

Verse 18 of this psalm says, "Open my 
eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out 
of thy law." {Quotations, unless otherwise in- 
dicated, are from the RSV.) 

To have a firsthand encounter with the 
Bible, we must be open to receive its truth. 

Mr. Scofield is a college professor and free-lance 
writer living in Coon Rapids, Minn. 

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We must be ready to have the truth change 
our ideas and our lives. This isn't as easy as 
it may seem. 

All of us have fixed ideas about life and its 
values. We use these preconceived notions to 
interpret all of our experiences. This is the 
reason that when a robbery or accident oc- 
curs, the witnesses are likely to give a dozen 
different accounts. People have preconceived 
ideas of what happens during an accident or 
a robbery, and they blend these ideas with 
the actual event. 

This sometimes makes preaching and teach- 
ing a frustrating experience. A teacher thinks 
he has made a truth clear. Then he hears a 

The Brethren Evangelist 

student tell it back to him in a way that 
makes him wonder if the student was really 
in his class. It's something like mixing 
colors — blue with yellow produces green. 

Of course, all of our preconceived ideas 
aren't wrong. They help us organize our 
thinking and evaluate new experiences. 
Many of the ideas handed on to us about the 
Bible may be quite correct. But others may 
not be. If we are to get anything from our en- 
counter with the Scriptures, we must be will- 
ing to let God speak. 

When you get started on your adventure in 
the Bible, you are going to experience some 
shocks, some changes in your thinking and 

The person who goes into the Bible expect- 
ing to find a legal scale by which he can 
evaluate his neighbor is in for a surprise. So 
is the person who thinks that God has put 
His stamp of approval upon everything in 
the American way of life. And the family 
that gets involved in the Bible is going to see 
some changes in its home life. 

Remember, the first step in this venture is 
a prayer that resembles that of the psalmist, 
"Open my eyes that I may see." 

Firsthand Contact with the Bible 

Again we take our lead from Psalm 119. 
These words are in verses 15 and 16. "I will 
meditate on thy precepts ... I will delight in 
thy statutes ..." The verbs "meditate" and 
"delight" convey the ideas of spending time, 
reading, rereading, studying, and asking 
questions about the text of the Bible. 

I remember well the experience I had in a 
zoology class in college. The work was di- 
vided between a lecture program and labora- 
tory work. During the lecture period, the 
professor placed diagrams of various body 
systems on the board, and we feverishly tried 
to reproduce them in our notebooks. The dia- 
grams were all drawn in different colors and 
nicely labeled. 

The laboratory work was quite different. 
During the course of the year, we had to com- 
pletely dissect a frog, a dogfish, and a fetal 
pig. The animals we studied did not always 
look like the diagrams we had copied into 
our notebooks. The veins were not colored 
the way we thought they would be. Some- 
times we thought we had found an organ, 
only to be told by the lab instructor that this 
was an artifact. Once in a while we cut 
through important organs before we realized 
what we were doing. 

But we learned a lot of things, too. The 

more time we spent probing, the more secrets 
we learned about the life and bodily func- 
tions of the animal before us. With all of our 
stumbling, the laboratory work was authen- 
tic and real. 

We want such an experience with the 
Bible. Here are some suggestions for a 
firsthand encounter. 

1. Ask yourself questions about the 
passage you are reading. In-depth Bible 
study calls for the use of the techniques a re- 
porter uses to get his story. He asks at least 
five questions: Who? What? Where? When? 
Why? Answers to these questions give a per- 
son a pretty good idea of the subject being 

In the study of a particular chapter, Who 
calls for a listing of the persons mentioned. 
What calls for a study of contents, perhaps 
an outline of the chapter. Where asks for 
geographical facts. When applies to time ref- 
erences. And Why gets into the reasons 
people acted the way they did. 

Let's take Mark 2 and ask these five ques- 
tions. To answer the question Who? we 
would list the names of the persons referred 
to in that chapter. Mark 2:1-12 would include 
these persons: 

v. 1 Christ 

v. 2 many persons who had gathered to 

v. 3 four persons bringing a man with 

v. 5 the man with palsy 

v. 6 scribes 
Our next question is Where? Now we 
would look for all of the place references. In 
the opening section of Mark 2, these notes 
would appear: 

v. 1 at His home in Capernaum 

v. 13 beside the sea 

v. 14 at the seat of customs 
In answering the question When? we look 
for all of the time references. "After some 
days" is a time reference in verse 1. The fre- 
quent use of the word "immediately" gives us 
the clue that events are following in a con- 
tinuous sequence. The words, "and it came to 
pass," might indicate that a period of time 
had elapsed between incidents. These words 
are found in verses 15 and 23 (in the King 
James Version). Some time references will be 
more significant than others. But some can 
be very important. 

A large section of the page we are using to 
make these notes will be reserved for an- 
swers to the question What? This question 
requires an outline of the material in the 

January 1982 

To get the most out of your Bible study, ask 
questions of the text. Then keep a record of 
your answers in a notebook. 

chapter, with an appropriate label for each 
incident. For Mark 2, here is one possible 

1. The forgiving and healing of a man 
with palsy (w. 1-11) 

2. The call of Levi (w. 13, 14) 

3. Jesus dines at Levi's house and replies 
to questions from the Pharisees about 
his associates (w. 15-17) 

4. Jesus answers a question about fast- 
ing (w. 18-22) 

5. Jesus gives new light on the Sabbath 
Day (w. 23-28) 

The category Why? takes us a step further 
in our Bible study. Here we need to try to give 
an answer to problems that may have come 
to us as we worked through the chapter. Or 
we might think of how the material in this 
chapter fits into the over-all purpose of the 
book. An example of a problem that might 
occur in the early chapters of Mark is: Why 
did Jesus continually ask people not to 
spread the news of His healing power? 

A good way to conclude an investigation of 
the text is to try to summarize the chapter in 
one or two sentences. This disciplines a per- 
son to seek out the key thought or heart of 
the chapter. 

This questioning process will lead some 
people to press for more information in a 
reference book, such as a Bible dictionary or 
Bible encyclopedia. Questions from Mark 2 
that might be answered from such research 
could include the following: 

What was the work of a publican or tax 

collector? Why was he hated? 

What did the Jews of Jesus' time believe 

about the Sabbath? Indicate several 

typical Sabbath rules. 

This kind of investigation gets you digging 
into the word of God as you would seldom do 
in normal Bible reading. Answering the 
questions may mean reviewing the passage 
many times. But by the time you have read 
and reread the passage, new nuggets of truth 
are coming to the fore, new questions are 
being raised. 

2. Another fruitful method of Bible 
study is to paraphrase a passage in your 
own words and in terms of your own ex- 
perience. This causes us to think about 
what the passage means to us in our per- 
sonal lives. 

Here is Philippians 4:10-13 from the New 
International Version: 

I rejoice greatly in the Lord that at last 
you have renewed your concern for me. In- 
deed, you have been concerned, but you 
had no opportunity to show it. I am not 
saying this because I am in need, for I have 
learned to be content whatever the cir- 
cumstances. I know what it is to be in need, 
and I know what it is to have plenty. I have 
learned the secret of being content in any 
and every situation, whether well fed or 
hungry, whether living in plenty or in 
want. I can do everything through him who 
gives me strength. 

Here is the way one person paraphrased 
this passage: 

I am grateful for the many things people 
have done to make me what I am. I thank 
God, too, for the people who have said they 
wanted to help and who would have helped 
had an emergency come. Now I don't want to 
dwell on my needs. I've learned to be quite 
happy in my row house. After all, it's the 
people inside the home and the way they feel 
about God and others that really counts. I've 
learned to get along with a little and a lot. 
I'm thankful for the good days when we've 
had good meals and vacations in the moun- 
tains. But I've learned also to be happy when 
the doctor bills have been heavy and we've 
had to scrimp. I've even come to like the six 
different ways my wife fixes hamburger. I've 
found that with the Lord's help, I'm able to 
tackle the things that come up. I can do my 
job, even the disagreeable parts of it. I've 
learned to like people I couldn't like before. 
With Christ's help, I've found I can do 
things in the church I never thought I could 

The Brethren Evangelist 

3. Talk about a Bible passage with 
some other people — members of your 
family or any group that will discuss it. 

Several people focusing their attention on a 
passage will give you new insights. Of 
course, this is what a Sunday school teacher 
does as he teaches his class. But it is also an 
excellent preparation for teaching. A teacher 
will come with new ideas if he has talked 
over the lesson with others. 

Consider the passage that tells the parable 
of the Great Supper in Luke 14. A man pre- 
pared a banquet and invited a number of 
guests. When the time came, his guests 
begged off. One had to examine newly pur- 
chased land. Another had to test recently 
acquired oxen. A third had married a wife. 
So the master of the house sent his servant 
out to invite the poor and the maimed, and 
later even those outside of the town. The 
master's last words were that none of the 
originally invited guests would taste of the 

Conversation on this passage might raise a 
number of questions. One person might ask, 
"Wasn't the master a little unreasonable? 
After all, the reasons the people gave for not 
attending the feast do seem legitimate." A 
little thought and someone else points out 
that maybe the reasons weren't legitimate 
after all. People don't examine land at night, 
and they usually look over oxen before buy- 
ing them. Besides, a woman in Palestine 
never kept her husband from doing anything 
he really wanted to do. 

"But why did he compel those in the high- 
ways to come in?" someone asks. Then some- 
one suggests that we should check the origi- 

Talking over a Bible passage with someone 
else brings out truths you might otherwise miss. 

nal meaning of the word "compel." Another 
person says that perhaps these people out in 
the highways were so shocked at being in- 
vited to such an important banquet that they 
almost had to be dragged there. 

Then there is the question, "What is the 
main purpose of the parable?" One person 
answers that Jesus is talking about the un- 
belief of the Jewish leaders. Another offers 
an application that brings it closer to home. 
"Some of those who live nearest to churches 
pass the gospel by, while others in mission- 
ary lands receive it gladly." A third person 
suggests that some of us have become so ac- 
customed to spiritual things that we don't 
appreciate them as much as a new convert. 
And on it goes. But dialogue, discussion 
about a passage on an informal basis, brings 
out truth that we may otherwise miss. 

One person can never exhaust the riches of 
the Bible. I remember one day hearing a 
teacher say during a discussion, "Aha, 
there's something I've never seen before. I've 
been over that passage scores of times, but 
that's the first time I've seen it that way." 

Act upon the word 

The final step in this firsthand encounter 
with the Bible is to act upon the truth that 
we find. The psalmist says, "I have laid up 
thy word in my heart, that I might not sin 
against thee" (Psalm 119:11). 

This may mean that the person with un- 
confessed sin in his life will make David's 
prayer in Psalm 51 his own: "Against thee, 
thee only, have I sinned .... Create in me a 
clean heart, O God . . . ." 

Or it may mean that the chronic worrier 
will make a verse like I Peter 5:7 his own: 
"Cast all your anxieties on him, for he cares 
about you." 

For someone else, it may mean taking the 
stewardship challenge in Malachi 3:10 seri- 

The next time he tackles a difficult assign- 
ment, the timid man may want to repeat 
Philippians 4:13: "I can do all things in him 
who strengthens me." 

A famed philosopher once said that to grow 
as a person, you must do something you're 
afraid to do each day. We may adapt his 
words and say that to grow in our Christian 
lives, we need to act upon one of God's truths 
each day. 

One final word: Don't start your adven- 
ture in the Bible if you are afraid of change. 
Firsthand encounters with God's truth will 
make you a different person. [f] 

January 1982 


Counsel from Crutches 

by Rev. William W. Brady 

LAST fall, while diligently pursuing my 
hobby of refereeing football games, I 
slipped on some wet grass and felt a pop in 
my left knee. The accident wasn't even 
noticed by others, but it was immediately 
evident to me that I could not straighten my 
leg. Realizing the difficulty a referee would 
have trying to hop his way through three 
quarters of a football game, I called time out. 
Then two players of a local team had their 
dreams fulfilled when they actually got to 
drag a referee off the playing field. 

At the hospital emergency room, or- 
thopedic surgeons determined that I had torn 
the cartilage in my knee. Surgery was re- 
quired, and I spent the next several weeks on 

During my first few days on crutches, I 
found the stairs winning most of our encoun- 
ters. So the following Sunday, I decided not 
to challenge the steps to the pulpit, and I 
preached from a stool in front of the congre- 
gation instead. For some reason, I felt that it 
would not be spiritually uplifting for the con- 
gregation to watch me fall head first down 
the stairs. 

That Sunday evening, one of the fine mem- 
bers of the congregation said to me, "You 
know, Pastor, I think the Lord is trying to 
teach you something." 

Well, she was right! The Lord was trying 
to teach me something. Actually, in nearly 

Rev. Brady is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of North Liberty, Indiana. 

every experience of our lives, God is trying to 
teach us something. Something that will 
bring us closer to His truth and love. Some- 
thing that will strengthen our lives and 
build His kingdom. Unfortunately, we are 
often too busy to listen. But in a hospital 
room and on crutches, it becomes a lot easier 
to hear. 

I know God will teach me much more from 
my little bout with torn cartilage. But let me 
share three lessons that God has already 
taught me as I have hobbled into His pres- 

1. First, a time will come in your life when 
you will need help. Too often we try to put on 
the "I-am-totally-self-sufficient" act. We try 
to prove that we can take care of ourselves. 
As a result, we keep others at arm's length, 
not allowing them into our lives. Sometimes 
we don't even allow God into our lives. 

Pastors, especially, are prone to this self- 
sufficient act. We feel the need to demon- 
strate to our church family that we have our 
act all together. But the truth is, we are 
human and need others too. It is a fact of life 
that times will come when we need others. If 
we are continually keeping friends, family, 
and God at arm's length, when that time 
comes we will feel very lonely. 

Fortunately, my family and my church 
were at my side with help and understanding 
when I needed them. They were there with 
legs to do the running I couldn't do. They 
were there to take up the slack that my ab- 
sences created. The help and support that I 


The Brethren Evangelist 

received from my family and from the church 
showed me that I was not self-sufficient. I 
needed others, and they were there. 

A time will come in your life when you, 
too, will need someone, when you will need 
help and companionship. A time will come 
when you will need God. Have you opened 
your life to others and to God so that they 
will be there when you need them? And are 
you available when others need you? 

2. The second lesson I learned is that if you 
are too busy for God, He will slow you down. 
This lesson was likewise an eye-opener for 

The fall of the year is always a busy season 
for pastors, and in my case this year was no 
exception. At the time of the accident, our 
congregation was planning its 85th anniver- 
sary celebration, the church's biggest event 
of the year. In addition to helping in this 
planning, I had a Sunday morning message 
to prepare, Bible studies to get ready for 
Sunday night and Wednesday evening, a 
Sunday school class to teach, and visits and 
hospital calls to make (the "stork" had been 
particularly active!). As if this were not 
enough, I also was taking a counseling 
course at the local university, had local re- 
sponsibilities to care for, and, of course, was 
participating in my hobby — officiating foot- 
ball. In other words, I had a busy schedule! 

But if you look closely at that schedule, 
you'll notice that there is no mention of per- 
sonal time with God for prayer and medita- 
tion. I hadn't included time to spend with 
God so that He could speak to me and 
strengthen me for my tasks. I wasn't giving 
God a chance to build me up so that as I met 
others, I could share an encouraging word 
from Him. 

Years ago my brother sent me a plaque 
which said, "A man too busy to pray is busier 
than God wants him to be." As I propped my 
injured leg on my crutches in my office, I saw 
that plaque. Then I realized that when we 
get too busy to pray — even if it's doing things 
for the church and things we think God 
wants us to do — God will slow us down. 

3. The third thing I learned from this ex- 
perience is that the church is the body of 


, when we get too busy to 
pray — even if it's doing 
things for the church and 
things we think God wants 
us to do — God will slow 
us down." 

"God wants every believer to 
play a part in building His 
kingdom, even if it is just 
sitting on the sidelines at 
times and clapping crutches 

Christ, and one part of the body doesn't have 
to do all the work. Pastors often suffer under 
the delusion that if they don't do the work, it 
won't get done. Sometimes this is not a delu- 
sion, but plain, hard fact. On the other hand, 
sometimes the reason a pastor does all the 
work is not because the church expects him 
to, but because he doesn't share the burden. 
He envisions himself as Atlas, with the 
world on his shoulders. Except that the world 
looks strangely like a church building. 

As I mentioned before, at the time of my 
injury, we were planning for our church's 
85th anniversary celebration, and I was 
pretty much trying to do all of the promotion 
and publicity myself. After the accident, I 
shared with my church brothers and sisters 
my need for help. And I got it! A stack of 
flyers disappeared as the congregation began 
making calls, sending information, and mak- 
ing visits. Things I thought I had to do my- 
self were done by the deacons, deaconesses, 
board members, and the church family in 
general. As a result, I feel that our anniver- 
sary celebration was a greater success be- 
cause of their involvement than it would 
have been if I had done it alone. 

As a sports official, I have discovered that 
teams that function as a unit have a higher 
success level than one-man teams that de- 
pend on "superstars." A local church is a 
team, a unit, a body. God's plan is not for 
holy man superstars, but for a team effort. 
God wants every believer to play a part in 
building His kingdom, even if it is just sit- 
ting on the sidelines at times and clapping 
crutches together. 

The Bible promises that God is always 
with us. It says God will never leave us nor 
forsake us. Wherever we are, God is there. 
And, in many instances, God is trying to 
teach us lessons to build and strengthen our 
lives. Sometimes God slows us down a pace 
so that we will be more apt to listen and 
learn. God slowed me down, and hopefully, I 
will listen to his lessons. And as I've shared 
some of these lessons with you, I hope you'll 
listen too. For it's a lot less painful to learn 
from someone else's experiences than to 
learn from your own. [t] 

January 1982 

A message from the Moderator 

Focusing on the Things That Count 



TlHE Brethren Church has traveled a long 
way since that fall morning in 1708 when 
Alexander Mack and seven others met at the 
Eder River near Schwarzenau, Germany, 
and entered the water for baptism. Together 
they embarked on a journey that has ex- 
tended over several generations and taught 
many a new way of life. 

Time has continued to remove us further 
and further from our past. The place has 
changed — from Germany to America. The 
political situation is different — from Ger- 
many's persecutions for religious dissidents 
to America's freedom of worship. Neverthe- 
less, time nor distance nor changing cir- 
cumstances should have removed us from 
those ideals to which the early Brethren 
adhered and dedicated their lives — practice 
of New Testament ordinances, community, 
fruitbearing, and non-conformity to the 

Tragically, over the years we have been 
guilty of making these ideals secondary in 
favor of what tickles our fancy or gets our 
gourd. (Forgive me for slipping back into my 
downhome rhetoric, but fancy words some- 
times don't say what we common folk know 
to be the situation.) 

In my relatively few years in the Brethren 
Church, we have debated and redebated 
many secondary issues, blowing them up to 

In addition to serving as this year's General 
Conference Moderator, Dr. Finks is pastor of the 
Winding Waters Brethren Church, Elkhart, Ind. 

unrealistic giants and treating them as if 
they were the very basics of Brethrenism — 
when, in all truth, they were not. No matter 
how much we talk about them, they will 
never become the crucial elements that make 
us Brethren. 

Secondly, we have allowed the split of 1939 
to be a stumbling block and an excuse for not 
getting back on our feet. Over forty years 
have passed since that split. In that time a 
new generation has arisen that will no 
longer accept it as an excuse. What happened 
has passed. We must not let that or anything 
else affect our determination to recapture the 
spirit of the early Brethren. 

Let us be determined to focus on the things 
that count. First among these is the gospel. 
C. Peter Wagner, while lecturing at Ashland 
Theological Seminary several years ago, 
said: "There's no reason why the Brethren 
should not grow — you believe in the gospel." 
So did our forefathers — so much so that they 
were willing to risk everything they had to 
make the gospel central to their lives. For 
them, the gospel was not some external body 
of belief; it was an internal way of life. They 
lived the gospel and faced persecution be- 
cause of it. 

Brethren today need to put their energies 
into the things that matter — the gospel of 
Jesus Christ. We must boldly proclaim Him 
as Lord and Savior and give Him priority in 
our lives and actions. 

Second is community. Those original 
eight Brethren developed a close-knit com- 
munity. They developed a spirit of love and 
cooperation in which individual pettiness 
had no place. There was equality among 
them. No perference was shown in either 
clergy or laity relationships. There was also 
a willingness to open one's home and one's 
life to the greater good of the gospel. This fel- 
lowship became the basic fabric of early 
Brethren life. 

Brethren today need to rediscover how 
beautiful this fellowship and community can 
be. We need to realize how important it is in 
the midst of the uncaring society in which we 
live. People need to be loved for no other 
reason than that God loves them. We need to 
bury our divisive natures and strive together 


The Brethren Evangelist 

in a loving, caring community where Christ 
is central. 

Third is fruitbearing. It is more com- 
monly understood as evangelism. The task of 
the church today is evangelism — winning 
men and women to the lordship of Jesus 
Christ. Alexander Mack understood it, the 
original Brethren understood it, and we un- 
derstand it. Perhaps the basic difference be- 
tween us is that the early Brethren not only 
understood it, but they practiced and pur- 
sued it, while we have not. 

Brethren must act responsibly in seeking 
to evangelize a world that without Christ is 
doomed to destruction. Let's face it: we have 
not fulfilled our responsibility to spread the 
Good News. We have gotten hung up on 
mediocre and non-essential problems that 
drain the energy and time that should be de- 
voted to evangelism. If we are to be true to 
our heritage and, more importantly, to our 
Lord, we must bear fruit. 

Fourth is non-conformity. Alexander 
Mack knew what it was to stand up for his 

convictions. He committed all his resources 
and wealth to the cause of the early Breth- 
ren. It was said that when Mack died, he was 
penniless, having "devoted all his earthly 
possessions to the common good and thereby 
became so poor that at last he had not bread 
enough to last from one day to the next." 

Non-conformity for the early Brethren 
meant adopting values from the gospel 
rather than from society. Along with this, 
the early Brethren showed great respect for 
the conscience of the individual believer. In 
other words, there was no distinct mold into 
which everyone who was to be Brethren had 
to fit. 

I am enlightened and encouraged by the 
way the gospel is interwoven into these four 
areas that the Brethren considered essential. 
It reveals to us that the sacred word of God is 
vital to every facet of our lives. 

The example of the early Brethren chal- 
lenges us to focus on the essentials of the 
gospel as we seek to carry out our ministry 
in the decade before us. [t] 



Pastor Dr. J.D. Hamel 

Celebrating Fifteen Years of Preaching 
the Gospel of Jesus Christ by Radio 





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January 1982 




THE growth of Ashland Theological 
Seminary from approximately 20 
to 400 students is directly due to the 
fact that it has remained faithful to 
the teaching of the Scriptures. In this 
sense the seminary has "proven" itself 
faithful to the Lord and to the church. 

However, the 1980s present unprec- 
edented challenges to education be- 
cause of inflation, energy, and the gen- 
eral decline of the number of students 
in colleges and universities across the 
United States. Spiraling inflation af- 
fects educational institutions perhaps 
more than other businesses because, 
in reality, schools cannot continue to 
charge students the full amount of in- 
flation. Seminary students often come 
with considerable college debt. They 
work at minimum wage, and yet have 
to pay full price for their living ex- 

Seminary scholarships increased 
from $8,700 in 1970 to $64,000 in 
1980. The energy bill at the seminary 
went from approximately $5,000 in 
1970 to $38,000 in 1980. It is esti- 
mated that it will increase to $65,000 
by 1987. [t] 












reach approximately 5 million persons with the 
ministry of the gospel each week. The alumni are 
preaching the word in churches across the United 
States, building churches, evangelizing, and faith- 
fully performing the work of the ministry. Hun- 
dreds of alumni are in a variety of other special 
ministries: teaching the Bible to Japanese students 
in a university; teaching the Bible and other sub- 
jects in colleges, universities, and Christian 
schools; administering a number of Christian or- 
ganizations; serving as chaplains in prisons, mental 
health institutions, hospitals, and in the armed 
forces; directing and counseling in children's agen- 
cies; and a variety of other ministries. 

ATS alumni are serving as missionaries to chil- 
dren in Malaysia and to churches, clinics, and 
national training programs in India. Alumni 
evangelize in Colombia and do radio and church 
work in Argentina. They undertake language 
studies in Africa and teach students in other 
seminaries in various countries of the world. Their 
work ranges from evangelism and health services 
in Haiti to evangelism in Europe and many other 
parts of the world. The alumni from a "great host of 
God's chosen servants." [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Ashland Theological Seminary Alumni 

"Go ye therefore, and teach all nations . . . and lo, I am with you always, 
even unto the end of the world. " 


• PASTORS Hundreds serving across the United States in 

many denominations; 121 alumni serving 
black churches 

• PIONEERING NEW CHURCHES ... 20 men beginning new churches 

• RADIO MINISTRY 9 alumni on three continents with extensive 


• YOUTH PASTORS Graduates in specialized ministry to youth 

• CHRISTIAN EDUCATION DIRECTORS Reaching thousands of children, youth, and 



• THEOLOGICAL PROFESSORS ... 20 alumni serving as theological professors 

• COLLEGE PROFESSORS 9 alumni teaching in colleges 

• GRADUATE STUDIES 27 alumni in graduate programs 

• PONTIFICAL COLLEGE 1 teacher in the pontifical college 

• COLLEGE ADMINISTRATION .... Alumni serving as deans and president 

• PUBLIC SCHOOL EDUCATION ... 7 alumni serving in public school education 

• CHRISTIAN DAY SCHOOLS ..... A growing number; administrators and 


• STUDY CENTERS 8 alumni serving and studying in study 

centers; 6 alumni serving black programs 

• COLLEGES/SCHOOLS FOR SISTERS 4 sisters serving in colleges for women 


• PASTORS/EVANGELISTS Gospel around the world: Asia, Africa, 

South/Central America, Europe 

• CHILDREN'S ORPHANAGES Alumni caring for children 

• MEDICAL CLINICS 3 new clinics for the sick and broken in body 

• EDUCATION FOR NATIONALS . . . Many schools at the "grass roots" 

• CHILDREN'S SCHOOLS . New schools in areas with no educational 


• RADIO MINISTRY International gospel programming 

• BIBLE TRANSLATION 3 alumni full-time language translators 


"Naked, and you clothed me; I was sick, and you visited me; 
and I was in prison, and you came unto me. " 


INSTITUTIONS 42 alumni serving "those in prison" 


HEALTH HOSPITALS 37 alumni serving the disinherited 


HOSPITALS 7 serving the sick 

• MEDICAL DOCTOR 1 alumnus serving as a medical doctor 

• HOSPITAL CARE Administrators and paramedics 

• MILITARY CHAPLAINCY 9 alumni around the world 

• JUVENILE COURT 2 alumni serving troubled youth 

• COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH ... 9 alumni counseling people in crises 

• AUTHORS/EDITORS Many alumni publishing the gospel 

"A great, great community of faithful alumni serving the Gospel of Christ 
to millions around the world." 

January 1982 13 

Brethren Students and Faculty 

ASHLAND THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY is the center of biblical studies, of the teaching of 
Brethren history, doctrine, and polity, and of the training of ministers and missionaries for 
the Brethren Church. Its faculty and students not only learn and respect the traditions of the 
church, but also learn new methods of ministry and continue to study Scriptures guided by the 
Holy Spirit. The administration and faculty of ATS understand and believe that their primary 
loyalty is to the Brethren Church. 

The "fair share" of $7.50 per member provides the "bread and butter" income for the semi- 
nary operation — the basic cost of building and administration. Theological seminaries in 
America are costly — approximately $5,000 per student per year; ATS's cost is approximately 
$2,000. The faculty, library resource material, individualized teaching and guiding — all are a 
part of the cost of good seminary training. 

A total of $66,429.20 was received as of March 1981. This is an increase of $5,000 over the 
previous year. However, inflation and increased utilities have already absorbed this increase. 
The $7.50 per member is, in fact, the "bread and butter" for the successful operation of the seminary 
budget. "Bread and butter" is basic to the essential needs of the Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Thank you for your continued support. [t] 

Prof. J. Ray Klingensmith 
emerges from class with a 
smile on his face. 

ATS faculty members Virgil Meyer (left), Richard Allison 
(second from right), and John Shultz (right) enjoy a moment of 
relaxation with Dr. David Breese following one of Dr. Breese's 
lectures. Dr. Breese, president of Christian Destiny, Inc., was the 
speaker for the 1981 Fall Lecture Series at the seminary. His 

overall theme for the series 
was "Evangelicals in the 
Decade of the Eighties." 
Carrying out that theme, Dr. 
Breese spoke about "Seven 
Men Who Ruled the World 
From Their Graves," "The 
Critical Issues of Our Time," 
"Twentieth Century Chris- 
tianity: A Dramatic Over- 
view," and "The Burning 
Issues of Our Time." 



Some of the Brethren students at ATS are (left to right) Fred Brandon, Bryan; Roger Stogsdill, Tuc- 
son; Kerry Scott, Warsaw; Professor Jerry Flora; Tim Garner, North Manchester; Jeff Whiteside, Park 
Street; and Greg Moser, Winding Waters. (See more Brethren students on next page.) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren students at 
ATS, in addition to those 
shown at the bottom of the 
previous page, are (left to 
right) Don Peters, Park 
Street; Professor John 
Shultz; Pennie Mabie, 
Jefferson; Pat Pyne, 
Johnstown Third; Keith 
Hensley, Park Street; 
Tom Schiefer, Park 
Street; Mike Smith, Oak- 
ville; and Russell King, 
Peru. Other Brethren stu- 
dents not shown in either 
picture include Charles 
Beekley, Park Street; Jim 
Black, Park Street; Wayne 
Grumbling, Waterloo; Dan Lawson, College Corner; Steven McPherson, Park Street; Fred 
Brush Valley; Cathy Phillips, Park Street; David and Valerie Stombaugh, Bryan; 
Thomas, Peru; Richard Voorhees, Burlington; and Lee Ann Smith, Meadow Crest. 






I 9i 


Pastor Clarence Stogsdill (left), Pastor 
Paul Steiner (center), and ATS student 
Roger Stogsdill talk following a chapel 
service. Both pastors are ATS graduates. 
Rev. Stogsdill, in Ashland for a Mission- 
ary Board meeting, was visiting his son, 
Roger. Rev. Steiner was taking a week of 
time allowed him by his congregation to 
do intensive study at ATS. 


1 .,{ ' ' Jr 

ft * 

ATS professors (left to right) Charles Munson, 
Jerry Flora, Virgil Meyer, and John Shultz, un- 
doubtedly talking about a matter of extreme signifi- 

Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer, 
ATS librarian, stands in the 
Archives room of the library. Of 
interest to Brethren is the fact 
that the library contains a file 
on every Brethren congregation 
and every Brethren elder. The 
library also has several Sauer 
Bibles, plus considerable mate- 
rial important to our Brethren 
heritage. Valuable books have 
come to the library from many 
interested persons who wanted 
the material preserved in a safe 
place that would be accessible to 

January 1982 


Help Needed 

IN the face of rapid financial and social changes, 
the financial base of ATS must be preserved. 
The Board of Trustees targeted several major 
areas for which funds will be sought over the next 
four years in a capital campaign program. 

1. Plant Endowment Program— $130,000 

In order to minimize Ashland's present de- 
pendence on tuition income for ongoing plant 
maintenance, the seminary proposes to increase 
the plant endowment fund. 

2. Energy Conservation and Campus 
Renewal Program 

In cooperation with leading energy consul- 
tants, Ashland Theological Seminary proposes 
an energy-saving program which will include 
technical studies, installation of new energy 
technology, and the retooling of buildings wher- 
ever possible. 

3. Scholarship Endowment Program — 

Fifty percent of Ashland's students currently 
receive financial aid money, which now comes 
from a variety of sources: endowed scholarships, 
churches, ministerial student aid, interested 
individuals, special friends, and other denom- 

The endowed scholarship program at Ashland 
grew from nothing in 1963 to $145,000 in 1980. 
A strengthened scholarship endowment pro- 

gram will free a considerable portion of operat- 
ing funds for other uses while helping to offset 
the negative impact of continuing tuition in- 
creases to seminary students. 

4. Faculty Endowment Program— $500,000 

Ashland Theological Seminary recognizes 
that its quality as an institution can be no 
greater than the quality of its faculty. There- 
fore, the seminary must always endeavor to re- 
tain and attract the most talented teachers. 
This enduring priority will be furthered 
through the naming of distinguished professor- 
ships to be underwritten through the assign- 
ment of an apportioned endowment corpus. 

5. Unrestricted Annual Giving 

The church and friends of the seminary have 
continued to support the seminary in recent 
years through the annual giving program. This 
objective of the campaign must continue at 
even increased levels as the capital campaign 
proceeds. The goals for each year are: 

1981-82 $ 75,000 

1982-83 80,000 

1983-84 85,000 

1984-85 90,000 

The success of the capital campaign, "A Time of 
{continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Brethren Encyclopedia 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 

THE Brethren Encyclopedia is the first coopera- 
tive effort on a common project by all five 
Brethren groups stemming from Schwarzenau, 
Germany. The Brethren Church, the Church of 
the Brethren, the National Fellowship of Breth- 
ren Churches, the German Baptist (Old Order) 
Brethren, and the Dunkard Brethren have been 
working together for the past several years to 
compile, edit, and have printed a three-volume 
Brethren Encyclopedia. 

These three volumes will contain 6,000 items, 
including entries about Brethren congregations, 
pastors, doctrine, lay persons who have been lead- 
ers in the church over the years, and significant 
events. It will also contain a number of pictures. 

ATS: Help Needed 

(continued from previous page) 
Opportunity," will depend upon each person giv- 
ing through personal gifts, estate planning, 
trusts, annuities, and all other possible forms of 
gift-giving to the Lord's work. 

Finally, we believe that seminaries must do 
more than pass on knowledge. They must bring 
together students, teachers, and leaders in the 
church and the working world to address the sig- 
nificant issues, respond to the human needs, and 
solve the pressing problems of our time. [t] 

The Board of Directors believes that the print- 
ing of this work will not only preserve the tradi- 
tions of the Brethren movement, but also be a 
means for increasing understanding and promot- 
ing future growth. It has been a loving endeavor 
by everyone. 

The financial goal is to raise enough gift monies 
to cover all expenses except the cost of printing. 
Printing costs will be paid out of revenue received 
from the sale of the encyclopedia. To date, 
$156,819.61 has been raised in cash and pledges. 
Total gifts from the Brethren Church have been 
approximately $7,500, of which one gift was 
$5,000! It is the projected goal that the Brethren 
Church contribute $10,000 to this project. 

The encyclopedia will have a significant out- 
reach into Brethren churches, Sunday schools, 
seminaries, public libraries, and, hopefully, a 
large number of colleges and universities across 
the United States. This truly will be the first time 
when people across the United States can learn 
the facts concerning the Brethren Church. 

This project needs the help of Brethren individ- 
uals and churches. Please send your gift to: 
Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc. 
6611 Germantown Avenue 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19119 
Identify your gift as a contribution from the 
Brethren denomination. [t] 

Thought for the New Year: 



Service Until It Hurts 

AS we enter the New Year, we would do well to 
be challenged by the example and words of 
Mother Teresa of Calcutta, India, who lives a life 
of service. In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded 
the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her service 
to the "poorest of the poor." Her work in Calcutta 
takes care of 93,000 lepers. 

Speaking at a conference in Sydney, Australia, 
recently, Mother Teresa urged Australians to 
"serve until it hurts." She challenged them to 
seek out the poor in that country, the materially 
poor and the spiritually poor. 

"Spiritual poverty can happen in rich house- 

holds also," Mother Teresa said. "Look for the 
lonely, the unwanted, and the rejected. People are 
so busy they have no time to be concerned or even 
smile, and so there is a hunger for love in the 
hearts of the people." 

Though her remarks were made to people in 
Australia, they are just as appropriate for Chris- 
tians in the United States. 

Mother Teresa's service to the poor does not 
spring from dedication to humanitarian princi- 
ples, but from her commitment to Jesus Christ. 
Asked at a press conference why she was so joyful 
in the face of suffering, Mother Teresa replied, 
"Jesus said, 'I have come to give joy if you abide in 
Me' " She added, "I would that the whole world 
would come to know Jesus, love Him, serve Him, 
and come to know the poor." [t] 

January 1982 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

• • •- .^ 

"When My Ship Comes In" 

I REMEMBER an old sage from years ago 
who often concluded his remarks with, 
"Someday I'll do it, when my ship comes in." 

It's a great theme — "When my ship comes 
in." It's a theme of hope, a hope that some- 
day, perhaps next year, life will be better. 
But it's a hope based upon luck or upon "sal- 
vation by works." 

This theme becomes more prevalent in 
hard times. Chain letters come out of the 
woodwork during recessions, and flimflam 
men cross the country preying upon the un- 
suspecting, promising to "bring their ship 

A few years ago I was approached about 
investing in a sure-fire gismo that promised 
to revolutionize the automobile industry. The 
thing was supposed to produce fantastic gas 
mileage. It sounded great. 

But caution caused me to check with the 
authorities before I leaped. As a result, I re- 
ceived a phone call from the State Securities 
Exchange office in Indianapolis. The people 
there wanted me to witness as one who had 
been "taken in" by this scheme! I had a most 
difficult time explaining that I was only 
checking, that I hadn't actually bought any 
stock. The agent said, "Listen friend, no one 
complains unless they've been hurt!" 

What was surprising to me was the 
number of good citizens, including many 
Christian businessmen, who fell for the 
scheme. They were out to make a fast buck, 
too. The thing I found so shattering from this 
experience is that Christians and non-Chris- 
tians are often pursuing the same goal. They 
want to bring the ship in, and dock it at their 

In 1848 the Indians watched in amazement 
as wagon after wagon snaked westward in 
search of gold. "White man gold crazy," the 
Indians said. And westward the white men 
went — by the thousands. 

Out of that migration came the California 
motto, "Eureka!" (I've found it). But few did. 

"Busted, by gosh," was a more prevalent sen- 

Society hasn't changed much since then. 
Many still seek to lay up "treasures upon 
earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and 
where thieves break through and steal." The 
lust for mammon is widespread, and by and 
large it even controls our churches. And 
what is mammon? The word may be archaic, 
but the meaning isn't. It's the almighty dol- 
lar. It's security that is here today and gone 
tomorrow. Nothing eternal about that! 

Jesus once said, "Consider the lilies of the 
field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do 
they spin: and yet I say unto you, That even 
Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like 
one of these." 

People aren't impressed anymore by a com- 
parison of the lilies of the field with the glory 
of Solomon. For most, Solomon's glory wins 
hands down. Jenkin Lloyd Jones said it 
right: "You cannot put a great hope into a 
small soul!" 

But I think the greatest tragedy of all, as 
we enter 1982, is not society's failure to 
make our lives better. It's the church's fail- 
ure to make inroads into society. 

Society can't be faulted for attempting to 
stuff great hopes into small souls. It's done 
its best to give us "new deals, new frontiers, 
and a great society." Many a good president 
has tried to make things easier and ended up 
making them worse. 

But if the church has failed to lift man's 
eyes above the material, we are justly con- 
demned. If we have chosen to cast our pearls 
before swine, then we must suffer the con- 
sequences and be trampled. In a time when 
Mr. Gallop finds more people attending 
church than ever before, we must ask our- 
selves, "For what reason?" If society is not 
changed one iota, what does that say about 
our saltiness? 

How can we cast out the mote from society's 
eyes when we have a beam in our own? [tl 


The Brethren Evangelist 

news from the Brethren Church 

Park Street member Thomas Van Meter 
announces candidacy for governor 

Ashland, Ohio — Thomas A. Van 
Meter, 38, a member of the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren 
Church, has announced his candi- 
dacy for the governorship of Ohio. 
Van Meter is currently a State 
Senator (R) in Ohio and President 
Pro Tempore of the Senate. 

Senator Van Meter announced 
his candidacy on November 23, 
1981, in Columbus, Toledo, Day- 
ton, and Cincinnati, and at a rally 
held in Ashland at the Ashland 
College Convocation Center. Park 
Street pastor, Rev. Arden Gilmer, 
offered the invocation at the rally, 
and AC President Joseph Shultz 
welcomed the gubernatorial candi- 
date to the campus. 

Both Senator Van Meter and his 
wife, Nancy (Arch), are graduates 
of Ashland College. Tom received 
a B.A. degree in 1965, and Nancy 
was granted a B.S. in Ed. degree 
the following year. While at AC 
Tom served as class president his 

The Van Meter family with Park Street pastor Rev. Arden Gilmer 
(right) in the Ashland College Convocation Center, where Senator 
Van Meter announced his candidacy for governor of Ohio. 

junior year and as president of the 
student senate his senior year. 
Since 1973, he has been a member 
of the AC Board of Trustees. 

Following graduation from AC, 
Van Meter served as a congres- 

Two Brethren missionary families 
return to the U.S. in December 

Ashland, Ohio — Two Brethren 
missionary families — Rev. and 
Mrs. Robert Dillard and Rev. and 
Mrs. William Winter and chil- 
dren — returned to the U.S. in mid- 

Bob and Juanita Dillard left 
Costa Rica, where they had been 
in language training for the past 
year, on December 17 to return to 
their home in Sarasota, Fla. They 
will remain in Florida while they 
await the arrival of their first 
child, due March 7. 

While waiting, they will make 
preparations for their departure 
to Colombia, South America, 
scheduled for later in the spring. 
Bob will be available for a limited 

amount of deputation. 

The William Winter family left 
Argentina on December 17 and ar- 
rived in Los Angeles on the 18th. 
After visiting relatives in Califor- 
nia, they traveled to Arizona to 
spend Christmas with Mrs. 
Winter's (Sharon's) family. They 
then went on to Kansas to spend a 
week with Bill's family. 

In mid-January, they will move 
to Carbondale, 111., where both Bill 
and Sharon will work for one 
semester on their masters degrees 
at Southern Illinois University. 
After their semester of school, 
they will spend approximately two 
months of deputation in Brethren 

sional assistant to U.S. Con- 
gressman John M. Ashbrook. 
After serving for some time in 
Vietnam with the U.S. military, 
Van Meter entered Ohio politics 
and was elected to serve a two- 
year, unexpired term in the Ohio 
Senate in 1972. At that time he 
was the youngest man in the 
Senate. He was re-elected for four- 
year terms in 1974 and 1978. 

In the Senate he was elected 
Minority Whip in 1976 and Assis- 
tant Minority leader in 1978. 
Then,, after the Republican party 
gained a majority in the Senate 
last November, he was elected 
President Pro Tempore. 

Senator Van Meter and his wife 
have two daughters, Margaret (14) 
and Stephanie (12). Both girls, 
along with their parents, are 
members of the Park Street Breth- 
ren Church. Mrs. Van Meter is the 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Edward 
Arch, who are members of the 
First Brethren Church of Nap- 
panee, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Arch also 
attend the Papago Park Brethren 
Church in Tempe, Ariz. 

January 1982 



'Grandpa' Ankney: caring about people 
and willing to listen 

by Bob Batz, Dayton Daily News staff writer 

The following article appeared in 
the November 26, 1981, edition of 
the Dayton Daily News and is re- 
printed here by permission. 

"Grandpa" Ankney is a member 
of The Brethren Church of New 
Lebanon. He is also the father of 
Rev. Charles F. Ankney, pastor of 
the First Brethren Church of West 
Alexandria, Ohio. 

New Lebanon, Ohio — A lot of 
people who have never met 80- 
year-old Charles Ankney have 
been touched by the caring in his 

Among them are the unwed 
high school girl who couldn't mus- 
ter the courage to tell her parents 
she was pregnant and the elderly 
widower who figured suicide was 
the only solution to his loneliness. 

Out here, Ankney is known as 
"Grandpa." That's what they call 
him down at the bank and over at 
the filling station. 

The guys behind bars at the 
Preble County jail in Eaton call 
him "Grandpa," too. Ankney even 
gets letters addressed to 
"Grandpa, New Lebanon, Ohio." 

Ankney spends most of his time 
these days doing things for others. 

At all hours of the day and night 
the telephone at his little house 
jangles and people who have never 
met him tell him their troubles. 
The phone calls are mostly the re- 
sult of a classified advertisement 
Ankney has placed in a weekly 
newspaper. The ad states: "Trou- 
bled? Call Grandpa." That's fol- 
lowed by his telephone number. 

"Lots of folks just need some- 
body to talk to, so I try to be that 
somebody," Ankney said with a 
shrug of his broad shoulders. 

Grandpa Ankney is an animated 
man. His hair, at least what's left, 
is as white as snow, and when he's 
talking he punctuates statements 
with his hands. And he laughs 
loudly and often. 

Ask him for his qualifications as 
a helper of people and chances are 

Photo by Walt KMne, Dayton Daily 

'Grandpa' Charles Ankney 

staff photographer 

he'll reply, "Eighty-plus years on 
this earth — and a psychology class 
at Sinclair Community College 
three years ago." 

Then he'll say: "Naw, I really 
don't have any high-falutin' cre- 
dentials or anything like that. But 
I do care about people, and I am 
willing to listen to their troubles. 
Most of those who call me don't 
want to talk to a friend, relative or 
their pastor. They want to talk to 
someone who won't recognize them 
the next day in the supermarket." 

The octegenarian said he's a 
walking encyclopedia of other 
people's problems. 

"I hear from people with sexual 
problems and from kids who are 
having trouble getting along with 
their parents or teachers and 
lately I've been getting quite a few 
calls from young men who are out 
of work. Y'know, a man can get a 
real hang-dog outlook if he doesn't 
have a job." 

Ankney said people trust him. 

"It's the word 'Grandpa' that 
gets me that trust. The word itself 
conjures an image — a good image. 
Why, shoot, most folks will tell 

their grandfather things they 
wouldn't dream of telling anyone 

He winked and added: "I don't 
have a long, white beard but when 
I'm talking on the telephone I 
sound like I do." 

When Ankney's not fielding 
phone calls, he's usually taking 
someone to the doctor or the gro- 
cery or looking in on a shut-in. 
Once a week he visits inmates at 
the Preble County jail. 

"I talk to them, contact their 
families, if they want me to. I try 
to minimize the jail influence, 
especially with the younger ones, 
the first offenders. A man in jail 
needs a friend. I'll do anything for 
those guys, except bring them a 
cake with a file in it." 

Jailer Athel Suman said the in- 
mates look forward to Grandpa 
Ankney's visits. 

"Sometimes he's in there for two 
or three hours," Suman said. "He 
talks to them, even runs little er- 
rands for them. I think they enjoy 

Others are also quick to praise 
Ankney. (cont. next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Five new staff members join 
Riverside Christian School 

Lost Creek, Ky. — Five new 
staff members joined Riverside 
Christian Training School during 
the present school year. They are 
Vicki Shulte, Lisa Schmucker, 
Leon Noble, Randy Burns, and 
Henry Wilson. 

Vicki Shulte is from Pontiac, 
Mich., and is a recent graduate of 
Kalamazoo College. She is teach- 
ing the class of twenty-two first 
and second graders at Riverside. 

Lisa Schmucker is a new addi- 
tion to the school lunch program. 
She serves as assistant cook and 
helps keep the food service re- 
cords. Lisa is a recent graduate of 
Fairfield High School and a 
member of the New Paris, Ind., 
Brethren Church. 

Leon Noble is a graduate of 
Riverside and lives in the 
Breathitt County area. His knowl- 
edge, skill, and enthusiastic spirit 
serve him well in his new position 
as varsity and junior varsity bas- 

New staff 

members at 




School are 

(left to right) 

Leon Noble, 

Randy Burns, 

Vicki Shulte, 

Lisa Schmucker, P 

and Henry 


ketball coach. 

Teaching in the business depart- 
ment at Riverside is Randy Bums 
from Apollo, Pa. He is a graduate 
of Grove City College and a 
member of the First Presbyterian 
Church in Vandergrift, Pa. 

Rev. Henry Wilson, in addition 
to pastoring the Drushal Memorial 
Brethren Church on the Riverside 

,!■■-.:-,:•■<■ , 

I *•» <g** 


■■■■:: 4- -.■. 

■ ! 


campus, also teaches Bible to the 
senior class and health and physi- 
cal education to the junior high 
boys. He is formerly from Keetys- 
ville, Md., and is a graduate of 
Broadfording Bible College. 

Please remember these new 
staff members in your prayers as 
they serve the Lord at Riverside. 
— Kathy Keck 

Grandpa Ankney 

(continued from previous page) 

Barbara Bradley, director of the 
United Way in Eaton, has 
worked a number of times with 

"Grandpa," she said, "is a fas- 
cinating gentleman. He's a person 
who is interested in helping others 
who are down and out. Many of 
those he helps are people others 
refuse to help." 

She paused, then said, "I think 
Grandpa is the kind of person 
most of us would like to be." 

Ankney is quick to point out 
that he has no ulterior motive for 
helping others. 

"Now and then someone will call 
and ask, 'How much does it cost to 
talk to you?' But if I accept even 
50 cents for what I do, it will ruin 

His reward, he said, is satisfac- 

"I need this. It gives purpose to 
my life, lets me cheat the rocking 
chair. If the people who call me 

are getting as much out of this as I 
am, then I'm a howling success. 

"I don't think your mind has to 
deteriorate along with your body 
as you grow older. I think all old 
people should be uninhibited. So 
many of the problems of the world 
belong to those who have lost con- 
fidence in themselves." 

Ankney has lived in the Dayton 
area all of his life. He retired from 
the old Master Electric Co. after 
32 years' service. He really is a 
grandpa, too, boasting 20 grand- 
children, 20 great-grandchildren, 
and one great-great-grandchild. 

"A lot of the problems of the 
world have common-sense solu- 
tions," he said. 

"If a youngster has gone and 
gotten herself pregnant, I try to 
convince her to talk to her par- 
ents. If an elderly person thinks he 
has come to the end of the road, I 
try to give him reasons to go on 

"Naw, I don't have all of the an- 
swers. But I've been around so 

long, I should have some of them." 

Sometimes he puts the troubled 
person in touch with an area 

If one of the men he has be- 
friended ends up in prison, 
Ankney stays in touch with him. 
"I visit and write him, I keep him 
posted on what's happening on the 
outside, I'll even help him find a 
job when he gets out, provided, of 
course, he wants me to." 

Ankney chuckles about his stint 
as a 78-year-old college student. "I 
was getting 50s on my tests. But 
70 is passing. But my teacher did 
tell me I have the personality to 
help people. That made me feel 

Ankney's wife, Charlotte, died 
three years ago. 

"I think she'd approve of what 
I'm doing," he said softly. "I never 
say she's dead, you know. I just 
tell people she's been transferred 
to the home office. I like to think 
she's busy right now getting 
heaven ready for me." 

January 1982 



Stephen Barber leads alcohol and drug 
abuse seminar at New Lebanon 

New Lebanon, Ohio — Alcohol 
and drug abuse was the subject of 
a weekend seminar led by Rev. 
Stephen Barber October 24-25 at 
The Brethren Church in New 

Rev. Barber, an ordained Breth- 
ren minister, worked for the past 
year as a counselor at a substance 
abuse hospital in Indianapolis, 
Ind. He is now director of the new 
Hamilton County (Ind.) Court 
Substance Abuse Program. 

In his various presentations at 
New Lebanon, he explained the 
dangers of drugs and alcohol, told 
how Christians can avoid abuse of 
these substances, and shared ways 
they can help those around them 
who have alcohol and drug related 

The Saturday afternoon and 
evening program of the seminar 
included pizza parties and a visit 
by the youth to a "Haunted 
House." While Rev. Barber spoke 
to youth in grades 4-8, the older 
youth enjoyed their pizza party. 

Then the older youth met with 
Rev. Barber and the younger 
youth ate pizza. Then, while the 
youth went off to visit the 
"Haunted House," Rev. Barber 
spoke to their parents and other 
interested adults. A total of 63 
youth and adults participated in 
the Saturday sessions. 

On Sunday morning, Rev. 
Barber taught the high school 
class during Sunday school and 
brought the message during the 
worship hour. On Sunday evening 
he met with each of the youth 
groups for a 20-minute question- 
and-answer time. 

According to Rev. Lynn Mercer, 
assistant pastor at the New Leba- 
non Church, Rev. Barber's semi- 
nar was a "biblically-based, well- 
organized program." He added, "I 
would encourage other Brethren 
churches to contact Stephen as a 
resource person for any programs 
they would host concerning al- 
cohol and drug abuse." 

Rev. Barber is a graduate of 

Bryan Board of Christian Education 
sponsors workshop 

Bryan, Ohio — The Board of 
Christian Education of the Bryan 
First Brethren Church sponsored a 
workshop and luncheon for its 
Christian education staff in 
November. Forty-four teachers 
and staff members attended. 

Three workshops made up the 
program of the day. "Make It and 
Take It" was the workshop for 
teachers of nursery II through 
grade 6. This workshop was led by 
Ann Van Duyne and Kathy 
Nicholls. "Grand Openings" was 
the offering for leaders of grades 7 
through 12. This was presented by 
Elaine Hensley. And "Learning to 
Love" was the theme of the work- 
shop for adult teachers and lead- 
ers, conducted by Pastor Marlin L. 

In addition to sponsoring the 

workshops, the Board of Christian 
Education provided a luncheon for 
all who attended. 

Although the entire Board of 
Christian Education was involved 
in planning and carrying out the 
workshop, Pastor McCann gave 

In addition to presenting his vari- 
ous messages, Rev. Barber brought 
with him many brochures and arti- 
cles on alcohol and drug abuse. 

Ashland College and Ashland 
Theological Seminary. In addition 
to the positions mentioned above, 
he also worked nearly two years in 
an Ohio juvenile correctional insti- 
tution. Rev. Barber and his wife, 
Beth, are also serving as tentmak- 
ers in the Indiana District mission 
church at Carmel, Indiana. 

special credit to Kathy Nicholls, 
board chairperson, and her sister, 
Ann Van Duyne from the Tiosa 
Brethren Church, for their work 
and enthusiasm and the manner 
in which they planned and exe- 
cuted a very profitable program. 

At left, Ann Van Duyne, who helped plan the confer- 
ence. Above, some of the workshop participants. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Elder Clarence A. Stewart 

Elder Clarence A. 

Stewart, 96, passed from 
this life on December 3, 
1981. Rev. Stewart served 
the Brethren Church for 60 
years as a minister of the 

C.A. Stewart was born in 
Elkhart County, Ind., on 
Valentine's Day in 1885. He 
began his pastoral service in 
1914, when he was called to 
be the pastor of the Teegar- 
den, Indiana, Brethren Church. 

One year later he was ordained in the South Bend 
Brethren Church by Elder A.L. Kimmel of Goshen, 
assisted by Elder A.E. Thomas. 

During his years of active ministry, Rev. Stewart 
served the following churches: 
1914-1917 Teegarden, Ind. 
1917-1926 A circuit consisting of Loree and 
Corinth (in Indiana). Later College 
Corner was added. 
1926-1929 Mexico, Ind. 
1929-1946 Bryan, Ohio 
1946-1951 New Paris, Ind. 
1951-1960 Flora, Ind. 

Rev. Stewart also served as interim or supply pastor 
of the Sarasota, Fla., Mishawaka, Ind., and Papago 
Park (Tempe, Ariz.) Brethren churches. 

Following his retirement, he was honored by being 
named Pastor Emeritus of both the Sarasota, Fla., 
First Brethren Church and the Nappanee, Ind., First 
Brethren Church. At the time of his death, he was liv- 
ing in Nappanee. 

The funeral service for Rev. Stewart was held 
December 5, 1981, in the Nappanee First Brethren 
Church. The service was conducted by Rev. Alvin 
Shifflett, pastor of the Nappanee congregation. 

Following this service, Rev. Shifflett wrote the fol- 
lowing tribute to Rev. Stewart: "He was very much 
supportive of the ministry here, and we shall miss him 
greatly as a brother in the Lord. He was my good 
counselor, and it was a privilege to honor him in a 
memorial service." 


Mr. and Mrs. Earl Wilkin, 67th, December 23. Mem- 
bers of the Lanark First Brethren Church. 


Bonnie Jean Mann to Kenneth Dale Bailey, Oc- 
tober 10, at the Worthington United Methodist 
Church; Dale R. Stoffer, pastor of the Brethren Bible 
Fellowship of Columbus, officiating. Groom a member 
of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Anna M. Mullett, 95, December 2. Member for 65 
years of the College Corner Brethren Church. Services 
by Arthur H. Tinkel. 

Dallas Leatherman, Sr., 70, November 30. Member 
of the New Paris First Brethren Church. Services by 
Robert P. Bischof, pastor. 

Hazel Freyman, 88, November 28. Member since 
1907 of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Services by 
Marlin McCann, pastor. 

Carrie Sausaman, 91, November 19. Member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by 
Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Rev. Grant McDonald, 85, November 17. Former 
pastor in several Brethren churches. 
Carl H. Helman, Sr., 75, November 12. Member of 
the New Paris First Brethren Church. Services by 
Robert Bischof, pastor, and Rev. Paul Tinkel. 
Lillie M. Lyon, 87, November 11. Member of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church. Services by Kent 
Bennett, pastor, Rev. Doc Shank, and Rev. Robert 

Rosa Smoker, 83, November 5. Member and dea- 
coness of the New Paris Brethren Church. Services by 
Robert Bischof, pastor. 

Everett L. Manning, 64, September 27. Member of 
the College Corner Brethren Church. Services by St. 
Clair Benshoff, pastor. 

Calendar of Events 

JANUARY — Seminary emphasis month 

19 Statement of Faith task force meeting 
in Ashland. 
23-24 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic 

Disaster Relief Workers in the Southeast 
District, at Camp Bethel, Virginia 
25-26 Ohio Brethren Pastors' retreat at 
Camp Bethany 
31 Summer Crusader applications due 

FEBRUARY— Benevolent Board emphasis month 

1 Final date for registration for Brethren 
Pastors' Conference. 
12-13 General Conference Executive Committee 
meeting in Ashland 
13 Leadership group meets with Executive 
20-2 1 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic 

Disaster Relief Workers in the Florida 
District, at the Orlando Church of the 
26-28 Northern California District Conference 

at Northgate Community Church, Manteca. 
28- Child-Care Workshop for Domestic 
Mar. IDisaster Relief Workers in the Northern 

California District, at the Fresno Church of 
the Brethren 

January 1982 


Multimedia Teaching Kits 

Complete kits on key Bible topics and 
teaching. Easy to use on the overhead pro- 
jector, and ideal for Sunday school, Bible 
study, sermons, and teacher meetings. Each 
kit has helps for up to 8 sessions — including 
8 to 12 colored transparencies, pages of re- 
source materials, and spirit masters to dup- 
licate for work sheets. 

Buried Treasure in Colossians — This 
new 8-lesson study series reveals truths 
and teaching found in the Book of Colos- 
sians. Contains 12 transparencies explain- 
ing Scripture passages, 8 spirit masters to 
make work sheets. A 16-page guidebook 
provides directions for the leader and ques- 
tions to stimulate discussions. 

The Last Week of Jesus' Life — Explains 
the significance of His Crucifixion, Resur- 
rection, and Ascension. Emphasizes proph- 
ecies fulfilled. 

Teaching Over My Head — Helps one use 
multimedia materials more efficiently. 
Covers: Use of the overhead projector, how 
to make your own transparencies. Lists 
sources for transparency materials. 

Order from The Brethren Publishing Company 
524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Buried Treasure in Colossians 


Teaching Over My Head 

10 95 

Kings and Prophets 

12.95 . 

Spread of Christianity 

8.95 . 

Last Week of Jesus' Life 

7 95 

How We Got Our Bible 


Jesus' Parables 

7 95 

To Teach a Teacher 


Ministry of Christ 


Holy Land Maps 


Messiah Has Come 

7 95 


Include a check with your order and we will pay the shipping. Ohio residents 
add 5.5% sales tax. 










































1 — ' 













!— I 

i— > 














A message to Brethren youth and adults 
from BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 


As you will recall, the past several "BYC Briefings" 
have described the FOUR POINT PLAN. One final 
point remains to be covered. This is POINT FOUR, 
which challenges each BYC group to meet the seven 
guidelines adopted at the 1981 National BYC 

Several years ago, BYC groups worked to achieve a 
large number of specific goals that they adopted at 
their Convention. Groups that met these goals and re- 
ported their activities at the Convention in August 
were given awards. 

But for the past three years, BYC has operated 
without a set of unifying challenges in the form of 
guidelines. The absence of these guidelines may have 
been due in part to the fact that they became so 
numerous and so specific that we lost interest. 

One of the Bylaws of our National BYC Constitu- 
tion defines the responsibility of the Guidelines Com- 
mittee. "The Guidelines Committee shall formulate a 
list of suggested guidelines which each local BYC 
shall use in planning its total program. The guidelines 
shall be acted upon by the National BYC Convention 
and printed and distributed to the local BYC groups 
by the Board of Christian Education as soon after 
their enactment as possible." 

Here are the seven guidelines that the committee 
presented and which were approved at our Convention 
last August: 

1. Sometime during the year, have at least one 
meeting on the subject of evangelism. 

2. Encourage each member to have regular per- 
sonal devotions. 

3. Set a goal for the BYC project and send the in- 
gathering to the BCE or present it at the Convention. 

4. Have or participate in at least one church service 
during the year. 

5. Perform at least three community service projects. 

6. Send at least one representative to the National 
Convention and state and district youth functions (i.e., 
rallies, conferences, camps, etc.). 

7. Spend at least one meeting discussing and 
memorizing the National BYC Covenant. 

Let me point out a few things about these 
guidelines. First of all, we now have a set of 
guidelines after not having had any for a few years! 
Second, there aren't very many and they aren't too 

The committee took some important ideas into ac- 
count when drafting these guidelines. As a result, the 
guidelines provide a unifying challenge to each BYC 
group no matter where it is located. They are also 
flexible and not too specific, so that groups of any size 
can work them into their programs. A group in 
California can meet the goals as well as one in Vir- 
ginia, and a group of two or three members can meet 
them as well as one with sixty members. 

Each of the FOUR POINTS defines an opportunity 
to grow together as Brethren Youth as we serve our 
Lord Jesus Christ. After writing about goals and 
guidelines, I can't help but think of Philippians 3:14, 
as we press toward the goal for the prize of the upward 
call of God in Christ Jesus! We can be very thankful 
for the many opportunities we have to answer that 
call as Christians in the Brethren Church. [t] 


High Priority Disaster Bulletin 

An emergency message was received on January 
11th from Jerry Ballard, executive director of NAE 
World Relief Corporation. Highlights included this 

Polish crisis seriously affecting all segments of 
Polish society, especially Polish evangelicals who 
are generally overlooked by Government and 
Catholic relief efforts. 

Two truckloads of food were sent from Holland 
last week and distributed to 20 evangelical con- 
gregations. More help is needed. 

World Relief's European office is supervising 
purchasing and delivery of essential goods to as- 
sure best possible use of funds and to guarantee 
distribution to those in greatest need. 

A World Relief refugee processing facility has 
been opened in Vienna to assist in resettlement of 

estimated 80,000 Polish people now in Austria. 
Sponsors in North America needed. 

Trucks are moving without major problems 
into Poland. World Relief drivers monitor all de- 
liveries. Workers report no food in stores. Winter 
weather further complicates already serious 

Shipments already authorized have depleted 
available funds, so assistance is needed. Perhaps 
equally important is the hope kept alive by our 
expressions of Christian solidarity with those 
who cling so desperately to dreams of freedom. 
The World Relief Board in no way wants to detract 
from the offering appeals of other Brethren boards 
this spring. This is just to let you know that there is a 
Brethren channel for those who want to help the suf- 
fering evangelical Christians in Poland. Send World 
Relief contributions "for Poland" to Rev. Bob Bischof, 
P.O. Box 117, New Paris, Indiana, 46553. 
— Phil Lersch, Chairman, Brethren World Relief Board 

The Brethren Evangelist 

V ^ The Brethren *fl • * 


In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75c 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


"Cast me not off in the time of 
old age; forsake me not when 
my strength faileth" (Psalm 
71:9). Through the work of the 
Benevolent Board, Brethren 
people are remembering those in 
our denomination who have 
grown old. See pages 10-15 for 
a report of this Board's work. 

Vol. 104, No. 2 

February 1982 


Caring Enough to Bleed a Little 

In order to bear one another's burdens, Christians need to 
care enough to share the hurts and sorrows of others, says 
Ronald S. Combs. 

The Christopher Sauers: Serving God 

and Neighbor in Colonial America 

Dale R. Staffer surveys the lives and accomplishments of two 
men important to Brethren history who were rivals of Benjamin 

Best Selling Best-Seller 

Betty Steele Everett tells the story behind the best-selling 
novel of all times. 

Benevolent Care 

10 Seven Centuries in a Semicircle 

An introduction to the seven oldest residents of the Brethren's 
Home of Flora, Indiana. 

11 Brethren's Home Proceeds 

With Livingston Room 

Plans are in progress for the addition of a multipurpose room 
at the Brethren's Home. 

11 Volunteer of the Year 

Dorotha Williams, a resident of Brethren Village at Flora, was 
recognized last April for her many hours of volunteer service. 

12 Brethren Care: Musings of the Administrator 

Lenny Seaman looks at some of the complexities of adminis- 
tering a retirement home and at what makes the Brethren 
Care home special. 

13 Questions and Answers About 

Benevolent Board Finances 

George Snyder answers questions about where the Benevo- 
lent Board gets its money and how it is used. 

14 Doubly Blessed at Topsfield Terrace 

Excellent facilities, a variety of activities, and residents from all 
walks of life make Ried Thompson and his wife feel doubly 
blessed at Topsfield Terrace. 

» m t^t m * 

2 BYC Briefing 

16 The Salt Shaker 

17 Update 

February 1982 

Caring Enough 
to Bleed a Little 

Ronald S. Combs 

I WAS out mowing my lawn. The grass 
had grown much too long. But because of 
the tropical rains in Florida and my crazy 
schedule, it had been over a month since I 
had endured this homeowner's task. As I was 
trimming the edge of my yard next to my 
neighbor's fence, I saw his wife puttering 
around with one of their many orange trees. 

"Hello," I called. 

"Hi," she returned. 

"What happened, did Max decide to sleep 
in and make you work?" As I spoke these 
words, I thought about how much my retired 
neighbor, Max, loved to putter with his cit- 
rus trees. 

Ronald S. Combs is a free-lance writer living in 
West Melbourne, Fla. 

As the last sounds of my question faded 
into the humid air, a sad look came over her 
face. "You didn't know?" she asked. "Max 
died five weeks ago of a heart attack." 

I stopped trimming and looked at her face. 
A mask came over it, one that said, "I know. 
You're so sorry." 

In fact those very words started to form in 
my throat. But I stopped. "You know," I said, 
"what I'll miss the most about not seeing 
Max anymore?" 

A puzzled look registered on her brow. 

"I'll miss the times we used to stand lean- 
ing on this old fence telling jokes. I just loved 
the way he used to laugh. It reminded me of 
my grandfather." 

She nodded. Then a little smile developed 

The Brethren Evangelist 

around the corners of her mouth. "Thanks," 
she said. "You just made my day so much 
brighter. I don't understand why, you see, 
but people never talk to me about Max. I 
guess they think it will make me feel sad. 
But it's so nice just to know that someone 
else misses him too. It helps to bring back 
such wonderful memories. And it helps to 
make the sorrow of his absence a little less 

We stood and talked for over an hour . . . 
about Max, about living, dying, loving, car- 
ing. Then, as the conversation gradually 
wore down, she concluded, "Did Max ever tell 
you the one about . . . ?" 

I laughed, and we agreed to talk again 

Later, as I sat in my study, I thought back 
on our conversation. I realized that people 
want to talk about their personal burdens. 
It's not a masochistic desire. They need to be 
assured that their lost loved ones were im- 
portant to others as well. We tend to avoid 
talking about such topics because we fear it 
will bring them sadness. Or we just really 
don't want to be bothered with someone 
else's cares. 

Yet that is what Christianity is all about 
— bearing one another's burdens. Caring 
enough to bleed a little. 

When my brother-in-law, Dave, died, he 
had an entire wardrobe of good usable 
clothes. My sister-in-law, Carolyn, gave 
them all to her brother because Dave and 
Donny were the same size. 

Donny was always careful not to wear any 
of Dave's clothes or shoes when Carolyn was 
around. Then one day he was at our house 
visiting, wearing one of Dave's suits, when 
Carolyn came by unexpectedly. 

We all felt a sense of discomfort. Donny 
was especially anxious because of that suit. 
Finally Carolyn said, "I'm glad to see you're 
getting some use out of Dave's clothes. I 
thought you might have just accepted them 
to be nice." 

For the next couple of hours we all sat and 
talked about Dave and how we missed him. 
But more importantly, we talked about how 
he had touched each of our lives and made us 
better people. Sure it hurt a little to think 
about Dave, who at just 28 had died. But we 
also realized that he still influenced each of 
us in many ways. 

As Carolyn got ready to leave, she said, 
"Talking about Dave has really helped me. 
Thank you." 

If the subject is brought up with an at- 

titude of caring, it gives the bereaved a 
chance to express their fears — to talk while 
someone listens, someone who really cares. It 
can open floodgates for memories they want 
to share or sorrows they need to release. 

Just because someone close to them has 
died, become terminally ill, or left them due 
to a divorce does not mean they want friends 
to ignore their situation. But they do want 
friends who care — who care enough to bleed 
a little as they share their hurts and sorrows. 
The last thing a hurting individual needs is 
a tolerant but disinterested, bored, pseudo- 
sympathetic listener. 

I remember a little girl who lived next 
door to me in my apartment complex. One 
Saturday afternoon, as I started up the steps, 
she was sitting near the top of the stairwell. 
Huge tears were clinging to the corners of 
her eyes. 

"What's wrong, sweetheart?" I inquired. 

"My best friend's doll broke." 

"Why those big tears?" I asked with a 

"I've been helping her cry!" 

That little girl in her own childlike way 
understood her friend's need for shared tears. 
She knew it wouldn't change the doll's situa- 
tion, but it did ease the anguish of her little 
friend to know that someone else cared about 
her dolly and her. 

Caring. Caring enough to bleed a little. 

I saw a tombstone in an old churchyard in 
rural Kentucky. It said simply, "John Dun- 
can, 1871-1934, A Man Who Really Cared." 

As Christians, could any of us ask for a 
better epitaph? [f ] 


Lord, make me strong in every way, 

Your rules of conduct to obey. 

A pillar I would hope to he 

That weaker souls may lean on me. 

Help me to rise above the strain 

Of gossip, rudeness, grief or pain. 

I do not wish to be ornate, 

With fancy trimmings at my gate; 

But a plain pillar let me be, 

To stand through all Eternity. 

— Delia Davis 

Delia Davis is a member of the First Breth- 
ren Church of Sarasota, Fla. 

February 1982 

The Christopher Sauers 

Serving God and Neighbor 
in Colonial America 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

NEARLY every American is familiar with 
the name and achievements of Benjamin 
Franklin. Few Americans, however, have 
heard of the father and son who were 
Franklin's professional and political rivals in 
Pennsylvania — Christopher Sauer I and 
Christopher Sauer II. 

The Sauers were Franklin's equal in 
nearly every category of achievement. But 
history has not been as kind to the Sauers as 
it has to the revered statesman of colonial 
America. The reason for this is not difficult 
to discern. 

Franklin was a product of the Enlighten- 
ment (a forerunner of modern humanism), 
and he exemplified its ideals of life, liberty, 
and the pursuit of happiness. He was an as- 
tute politician and was continually at the 
forefront of the events which led up to the 
American Revolution. 

The principles which guided the lives of 
both Sauers, on the other hand, were sum- 
marized in the motto that hung on the walls 
of their printing shop: "To the Glory of God 
and to My Neighbor's Good." These princi- 
ples of love of God and neighbor dictated 
every part of the Sauers' multifaceted lives, 
and ultimately caused Sauer II to lose his en- 
tire estate. 

Christopher Sauer I was baptized as an in- 
fant on February 2, 1695, the son of a Re- 
formed pastor. In 1720 he married a pastor's 
widow, Marie Christine. Only one child was 
born to the couple, Christopher II. He was 
born September 26, 1721, in Germany. 

In 1724 the Sauer family made the dif- 
ficult voyage across the Atlantic. They set- 
tled initially in Germantown (near Philadel- 
phia) Pennsylvania. Here Sauer I was asked 
to become superintendent and part owner of 

Dr. Stoffer is pastor of the Brethren Bible Fel- 
lowship of Columbus, Ohio. 

a new foundry. Though 
he did not have any 
money to invest in the 
venture, he was offered 
a loan for his share of 
the enterprise. To this 
proposition Sauer re- 
plied that he "felt no 
inclination and did not 
aspire to great things 
in this world . . . ." 
This incident indicates 
the high regard in 
which Sauer's crafts- 
manship and leader- 
ship skills were held, and his characteristic 
rejection of worldly ambition. 

Sauer I was a talented craftsman. At vari- 
ous times he earned a living as a tailor, 
cabinetmaker, wheelwright, carpenter, opti- 
cian, clockmaker, distributor of homemade 
medicines and religious books. In 1738 he 
added printing to his list of trades and, later, 
a derivative skill, inkmaking. 

The products of Sauer's press give graphic 
expression to his primary concerns. He de- 
sired foremost to provide the German-speak- 
ing people of Pennsylvania with religious 
and devotional literature. Perhaps his great- 
est accomplishment was the Sauer Bible, 
which went through three editions (1745, 
1763, and 1776; the last two editions were 
printed by Sauer II). This was the first Euro- 
pean language Bible printed in America. In 
addition he printed hymnals, catechisms, de- 
votional works, and assorted religious broad- 

But Sauer also desired to keep the German 
population informed of local, national, and 
international news. In 1739 he began a 
newspaper, which until 1762 was the only 
German newspaper in the colonies. This fact, 
together with its wide readership (in 1751 
the subscription list numbered 4000), gave 
Sauer's paper considerable political influence 
in the colony. Yet Sauer always attempted to 
wield this influence in a way that was con- 
sistent with his Christian faith. 

Sauer I never joined a religious group, feel- 
ing that every organized church will inevita- 
bly fall away from primitive Christianity 
(the viewpoint of Radical Pietism). Neverthe- 
less, he had a deep personal faith in God that 
placed individual conversion and commit- 
ment to God above all other issues of life. 

His son, Sauer II, though sharing his 
father's deep personal faith, did not share his 
father's denominational skepticism. In fact, 

The Brethren Evangelist 

he became a leading 
elder in the Ger- 
mantown Brethren 
congregation. In 

spite of this differ- 
ence, the father and 
son evidenced a re- 
markable degree of 

At his father's 
death in 1758, the 
younger Sauer as- 
sumed control of the 
printing establish- 
ment. Like his 
father, he printed 
only what he agreed 
with and refused to 
print that which he 
believed to be false. 

The Sauer residence in Germantown, with the print shop behind. 

Neither Sauer was 

afraid to take unpopular stands. They were 
ahead of their time in advocating just treat- 
ment of the Indians and in their opposition to 
slavery. It was these characteristics that 
brought both Sauers into occasional confron- 
tations with Benjamin Franklin and that ul- 
timately led to the loss of the Sauer estate 
during the Revolutionary War. 

Being a Brethren, Sauer II held firmly to 
the principle of nonresistance and nonpar- 
ticipation in war. In addition, he and many 
other Brethren of the time took seriously the 
fact that they had affirmed an oath of loyalty 
to the English king when they arrived in 
America. Though Sauer II sought to steer a 
course of neutrality in the hostilities of the 
Revolutionary War, some of his activities 
were deemed traitorous. For example, he 
went to stay with relatives in Philadelphia 
after it was occupied by the British. As a re- 
sult, his entire estate was confiscated by the 
American authorities in 1778 and sold at 
public auction between 1778 and 1780 (his 
land, house, and possessions sold for over 
30,000 pounds). Though now penniless, 
Sauer was aided by fellow Brethren, whom 
he diligently sought to repay until his death 
in 1784. 

The lives of the two Sauers provide 
another reminder of the truth that service to 
God and man may not bring us fame and for- 
tune. Indeed, it may lead to worldly loss and 
disfavor. Yet the only verdict which truly 
concerned the Sauers was that of their Lord 
and Master. Their lives are fitting tes- 
timonies to the motto that was their guide: 
"To the Glory of God and to My Neighbor's 
Good." [f] 

Brethren Biographic 

Courageous Printers Who Defended 
Religious Freedom in Early America 

_ THE 

Stephen L. Longenecker 

Material for this article was drawn from a 
new book about the Christopher Sauers by 
Stephen L. Longenecker. (The Christopher 
Sauers, The Brethren Press, Elgin, 111., 1981, 
147 pp., $7.95 paperback.) 

This book provides Brethren people a care- 
fully researched account of the lives of the 
Christopher Sauers. In addition, it enhances 
our understanding of Brethren belief and prac- 
tice during the colonial era. 

The Christopher Sauers is available from 
The Carpenter's Shop in Ashland, Ohio, or 
from the publisher. 

February 1982 

Best Selling Best-Seller 

The story behind the 
best-selling novel of all times. 

by Betty Steele Everett 

IF you think that a best-seller has to have 
excessive sex, four-letter words, or a 
negative attitude about life, you may be sur- 
prised to learn that the book considered the 
best-selling novel of all time has none of 
these. In His Steps, by Charles Sheldon, has 
sold millions of copies in twenty-one lan- 
guages and has been published by some fifty 

What sort of book is this that has sold so 
well? The theme is best summed up by the 
subtitle (and original title) of the book: 
"What Would Jesus Do?" 

The main character is the Reverend Henry 
Maxwell, pastor of an ordinary church in a 
small, Midwestern city. That the city and its 
problems compare closely with Topeka, Kan- 
sas, in 1896, the place and time of the novel's 
birth, should be no surprise. 

When Rev. Maxwell asks his congregation 
to pledge to live one year without taking 
action on anything until they have asked 
themselves, "What would Jesus do?" a few 
members of his church agree to the experi- 
ment. The book tells about these persons' 
problems as they try to live up to this pledge, 
and the results their decisions make in their 

To a 20th-century reader, accustomed to 
questions of race, nuclear weapons, and capi- 
tal punishment, some of the problems of the 
last century dealt with in the book seem in- 
significant. Others, however, such as the de- 
cision of how to use one's outstanding talent, 
are as up to date as ever. 

The book is exciting and some of the re- 
sults of the experiment are strange. But the 
true story of the book itself is just as exciting 
and unusual. 

Ms. Everett is a free-lance writer living in 
Defiance, Ohio. 

Dr. Charles Sheldon was a thirty-nine- 
year-old minister in the summer of 1896. The 
Kansas plains were in the midst of a severe 
heat wave, with temperatures staying over 
100 degrees for days at a time. The heat was 
causing a drop in all activities, including at- 
tendance at Dr. Sheldon's Sunday evening 
services. He decided to fall back on an idea 
he had used before — to write a serial story 
and narrate one chapter each week, instead 
of preaching a sermon. By leaving the 
characters in trouble at the end of each chap- 
ter, the curiosity of the members of the con- 
gregation would help bring them back the 
following week. 

When Charles Sheldon took 
his manuscript to two pub- 
lishers, both turned him 
down with the same excuse — 
the public did not want 
a religious story. 

Dr. Sheldon wrote in longhand while sit- 
ting on his front porch, and "What Would 
Jesus Do?" was the result. By giving the 
story the background of his own church and 
city and by making the characters ordinary 
people with problems like those in his own 
congregation, Dr. Sheldon hoped each chap- 
ter would also teach a lesson. 

The people responded by turning out in 
larger numbers each week, and the Advance, 
a denominational paper, asked to buy the 
story. When they bought it for $75, the ad- 
venture of the book itself began. 

After changing the title to In His Steps, 
the Advance prepared to copyright the 
story. Through an oversight, however, only 
one copy of the story was sent to the 
Copyright Office instead of the two required 


The Brethren Evangelist 

by law. This simple error cost Charles Shel- 
don his copyright — and probably a fortune. 

Unaware of his lost copyright, the author 
took the manuscript to two publishers, hop- 
ing to bring it out in book form. Both turned 
him down with the same excuse — the public 
did not want a religious story! 

Discouraged by this rejection, Dr. Sheldon 
finally persuaded the editor of the Advance 
to bring out a paperback edition to sell for 
ten cents. He would receive a penny a copy 

With this printing, the book began to catch 
on with the public. It didn't take other pub- 
lishers long to find the loophole in the 
copyright that not only allowed them to pub- 
lish it without paying Dr. Sheldon, but to 
publish it without even asking his permis- 
sion! Within a year, sixteen different pub- 
lishers in this country alone were putting out 
editions of In His Steps to sell from a quarter 
to a dollar a copy. 

Ironically, while printing a book that 
urged its readers to ask, "What would Jesus 
do?" the editors failed to catch the theme. 
Only one company — Grosset & Dunlap, 
Inc. — paid Dr. Sheldon for his material. He 
repaid them in the only way left to him — by 
recognizing their editions as the only legiti- 
mate ones. 

In His Steps was soon translated and pub- 
lished around the world. Still, the publishers 
missed the message, and Dr. Sheldon re- 
ceived only one payment for his work. A 
British firm once sent a twenty-pound note 
along with a letter. 

Reverend Henry Maxwell's 
challenge to his congregation 

What I am going to propose now is 
something which ought not to appear un- 
usual or at all impossible of execution. Yet 
I am aware that it will be so regarded by a 
large number, perhaps, of the members of 
this church. But in order that we may have 
a thorough understanding of what we are 
considering, I will put my proposition very 
plainly, perhaps bluntly. I want volunteers 
from the First Church who will pledge 
themselves, earnestly and honestly for an 
entire year, not to do anything without 
first asking the question, "What would 
Jesus do?" And after asking that question, 
each one will follow Jesus as exactly as 
he knows how, no matter what the result 
may be. 

I do not need to say that I am very 
thankful that owing to the defective 
copyright the book has had a larger read- 
ing on account of the great number of pub- 
lishers. I find readers in every part of the 
world where I go. And I am informed by 
the Publishers Weekly that the book has 
had more circulation than any other book 
except the Bible. If that is true, no one is 
more grateful than I am, as it confirms the 
faith I have always held that no subject is 
more interesting and vital to the human 
race than religion. 

Charles M. Sheldon in the foreword to a 
1935 edition of In His Steps. 

from In His Steps 

Dr. Sheldon was not bitter about this 
treatment by publishers. He realized that be- 
cause publishers were able to print the book 
without his permission, more copies were 
printed, sold, and read than would have been 
the case had he kept the copyright. Getting 
the message to the people was his first aim. 

Because no royalty was paid, no one knows 
for sure exactly how many copies were actu- 
ally sold. Twenty-five million is an estimate 
many agree upon, but there could have been 
many more. 

Unusual things happened to the book as it 
was translated around the world. When a 
Spanish edition came out in South America, 
Dr. Sheldon was told the names of some 
characters would have to be changed to make 
them easier for readers to pronounce. But 
even with advance warning, he was sur- 
prised when the main character, originally 
Henry Maxwell, became the Reverend Henry 
Ford. The explanation was simple — Henry 
Ford was better known in South America 
than Henry Maxwell! 

Being a well-known author had its prob- 
lems. Dr. Sheldon received hundreds of 
angry letters each week demanding to know 
why he did not follow the theme of his own 
book and share his new wealth with the 
people, as Christ would have done! 

Despite the problems, Dr. Sheldon kept on 
writing — thirty novels by the time of his 
death in 1946, as well as several works of 
non-fiction and many articles on Christian 
themes. But none of these caught on and be- 
came as popular as In His Steps. 

In the March 13, 1946, issue of Christian 
Century, the editor summed up Dr. Sheldon's 
life and work. "To few men is it given to ren- 
der a greater service to the Kingdom of 
righteousness." [t] 

February 1982 

Benevolent Care 

in a 

The seven oldest residents of the Brethren's Home are (left to right) 
Mary (Molly) R. B rower, Hilda (Helen) C. Riffey, Effie M. Julius 
(standing), Laura B. Appleton, Flora May Wagoner (standing), Rosa 
M. Roth, and Amanda A. Roth. 

THE seven ladies in the picture above are 
all residents of the Health Care section 
of the Brethren's Home in Flora, Indiana. 
They are the seven oldest residents in the 
Home, and their combined ages total just two 
years less than 700. Each of these women 
has lived well past her threescore and ten 
years, and well above the average age of all 
the Home's residents, which is just over 85 

Molly Brower, at 97 the youngest of the 
group, is a native of the Kokomo, Indiana, 
area. She and her husband farmed for many 
years. Then, after her husband's death, she 
became a housemother at the Indiana Girls' 
School at Kempton, Indiana. Molly still re- 
ceives an occasional letter from one of "her 
girls." With a twinkle in her eye she says she 
misses those "good old days." 

Helen Riffey (98) is a native of Tippecanoe 
County, Indiana, and lived for many years on 
a farm in Buck Creek, Indiana. Helen has a 
sense of humor, and it is amusing to talk 
with her as she recalls events in her own 
way. Helen also speaks and sings in her fam- 
ily's native tongue — Swedish. 

Effie Julius (97) was born and raised on a 
farm in White County. Her husband oper- 
ated a clothing store in Delphi, Indiana, for 
over 40 years. They were both very active in 
the Methodist church there. After her hus- 

band's death, Effie remained active in church 
work and enjoyed sewing as a pastime. She is 
an active participant in nearly all our daily 
activities, and she doesn't like to leave for 
any length of time because she might "miss 

Laura Appleton (100) was born, raised, 
and worked her entire life on the family farm 
west of Logansport, Indiana, before moving 
into the Home in 1973. She recalls many 
changes that have taken place in customs 
and clothing styles during her lifetime. This 
granddaughter of an Indian chief and an 
Irish grandmother has one thing that she 
would like to experience — a ride in an 

May Wagoner (98) is one of our many 
musicians in the Brethren's Home. She 
shares her talent with other residents at 
least once a day. She plays the piano in the 
lounge while, at times, some of her friends 
sing along. May admits she comes from a 
Brethren background and feels akin to many 
of the visiting Brethren Church people. May 
was an active member of the Sharon (In- 
diana) Baptist Church, where she used her 
musical talents each week as pianist. She 
loves to visit with people, enjoys reading, and 
is always willing to do those little things to 
make everyone's day more pleasant. 

The two oldest residents, Rosa (102) and 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren's Home Proceeds With Livingston Room 

In November, the Board of Directors ap- 
proved the selection of Dimensions, Inc., 
of Flora as the architect for the new 
Livingston Room. The 2,090-square-foot ad- 
dition is named in honor of the late Rev. Wil- 
liam Livingston, who served as Adminis- 
trator for the Home. The room will be used 
as a dining room, chapel, and assembly room, 
as well as a crafts and activities area. 

To date, over $40,000 of the needed 
$80,000 has been raised through individual 
donations and church gifts. The remainder 
will be taken from uncommitted reserves 
which have been accumulated by various 
gifts from estates. Additional gifts are 
needed to purchase two stained glass win- 
dows, tables, chairs and other equipment 

needed for furnishing the addition. 

If everything proceeds as planned, bids 
should be let in March for construction to 
begin in early spring, with completion in late 
summer. Our residents and staff are begin- 
ning to get excited about ground breaking 
and watching our dream take shape. We 
would like to thank all those who helped 
make this dream a reality through their 
generous gifts. As the building progresses, 
we will be seeking additional gifts to equip 
the area, so we need continual support for 
this project. Any gift is appreciated and can 
be sent to: 
The Brethren's Home of Indiana, Inc. 
R.R. 2, Box 97 
Flora, Indiana 46929 

Seven Centuries 

(continued from -previous page) 

her sister, Amanda (106), 
have lived together their 
entire lives, and now they 
share a room in the Health 
Facility. Both have voted in 
every political election since 
passage of the Women's Suf- 
ferage Act in 1920. Amanda 
has been quoted as saying, 
"We've never missed voting 
— it's become a habit we 
don't want to break." Al- 
though their health has 
failed in the past few years, 
they are both up in their 
wheelchairs and out for two 
meals each day. They also 
attend a number of activities 
as spectators. Both ladies 
have been in the Home for 
over eight years. [t] 


Dorotha Williams has been a 
resident in Brethren Village Inde- 
pendent Living apartments at 
Flora for over two years, and al- 
ready she has logged more volun- 
teer hours than most part-time 
employees have work hours. 
Dorotha has worked to organize a 
workshop in a vacant cottage and 
has involved Village and Home 
residents as well as outside volun- 
teers in making comforts. 

A Comfort Club has been 
started and meets every Thursday in the Health Care Dining Room 
to involve residents in cutting, sewing, clipping, laying out, binding, 
and knotting of the comforts. A comfort and lap robe are given to 
each new resident, plus comforts have been sent to Project Hope and 
given to Lost Creek, Kentucky. Comforts and baby quilts are sold to 
help purchase the needed materials to perpetuate the program. 

Dorotha was honored in April 1981 as Volunteer of the Year at the 
annual Volunteers Recognition Buffet. To date she has personally 
donated over 5,148 hours to the Volunteer Program. We just praise 
God for people like Dorotha, who are constantly busy giving of them- 
selves in order to bring happiness and fulfillment to others. 

Dorotha with one of the comforts. 

February 1982 


Benevolent Care 

Brethren Care 

Musings of the Administrator 

by Lenny Seaman 

NURSING HOME . . . Rest Home . . . ECF . . . 
Ambulatory . . . Bed Capacity . . . Capital Ex- 
penditures . . . Certificate of Need . . . License . . . 
Medicaid . . . Medicare . . . Percentage of Occu- 
pancy . . . Provider . . . Service Area . . . Third 
Party Payer . . . Transfer Agreement . . . Cost 
Report .... 

It hardly seems possible that 10 years have 
elapsed since Brethren Care became a reality, and 
that such terms have become an ordinary part of 
my vocabulary. 

The administration of homes for the aging is be- 
coming an increasingly complex task. More and 
more is being learned about the kinds of services 
that are needed for healthy living at an advanced 
age. Many professional skills enter into these 
services, and government agencies and profes- 
sional groups are concerned with maintaining 
high standards of care based on a growing body of 
technical knowledge. 

But these services must be provided in such a 
way as to satisfy the need for human compassion, 
of which age deprives no one. There is no manual, 
guide, or chart to guarantee how this is to be 
achieved. Health Care personnel must be people 
who possess the kind of understanding and con- 
cern that will assure the infirm, 
the sick, and the elderly not only 
health of body, but also peace of 
mind and spirit. 

What is special at Brethren 

At Brethren Care, people make 
the difference. The members of 
our Brethren Church, the mem- 
bers of the Benevolent Board, the 
members of the Board of Trustees, 
the administrative people, the 
nursing service people, the dietary 
people, the housekeepers, laun- 
dresses, maintenance people, vol- 
unteers . . . these are the persons 

who make Brethren Care special. Dr. Munson 
once summed it up — "Brethren CARE." 

But caring will not get the job done unless it is 
demonstrated by support through volunteer serv- 
ice and financial assistance. Are you aware, that 
under current statutes, for a home to qualify for 
non-profit tax exemption status, at least 5% of its 
operating costs must be derived from charitable 
sources? Brethren Care's annual operating ex- 
penses are now $1,110,000. This means we need 
$55,500 annual income from charitable sources to 
pass this test. 

Due to government regulatory changes, certain 
modifications and additions need to be made to 
the facilities at Brethren Care. 

The following areas are not provided or are im- 
properly designed: 

(1) The present laundry is not designed so that 
proper sanitary procedures can be followed. 

(2) The lounge in the residential wing is being 
used as the crafts area, thus creating a hazardous 
area as well as depriving the residents the use of 
the lounge. 

(3) The housekeeping department is presently 
using the nurses' utility room as the housekeep- 
ing supply and storage closet, thus depriving the 

Mr. Seaman is the adminis- 
trator of Brethren Care in Ash- 
land, Ohio. 

photo by Dave Shultz 

Construction is in progress on the new addition to Brethren Care. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

nursing department use of this space. 

(4) Brethren Care at present has no space large 
enough with the privacy required to conduct in- 
service training programs, staff meetings, reli- 
gious services, group therapy, and other meetings. 

(5) Brethren Care at present must store food 
supplies in the lower level, such a distance from 
the kitchen that they must be trucked from stor- 
age in order to be used. 

Plans have been prepared and construction 
started that will provide the modifications and 
additions required for Brethren Care to retain 
nursing home certification. The cost of providing 
these changes will be a minimum of $100,000. 
Financial assistance is being provided by the 
Benevolent Board to the extent that they are 
able, but at least $50,000 will be needed in 
addition. [t] 

Questions and Answers 
About Benevolent Board Finances 

by George Snyder 

I HAVE just received the Benevolent Board 
financial statement print outs for 1981, and I 
am happy to report that the credits equal the deb- 
its. That may not thrill you, but it elicits a deep 
sigh of relief from us "bean-counter" types. 

O.K., so the numbers all add up correctly. What 
do they really mean in terms of ministry and 

If you will just kind of mentally look over my 
shoulder, we'll try to find out. 

What's this — Superannuated Minister's Fund, 

This fund was established back when no retire- 
ment plan existed for our ministers or their 
widows. It now provides a small monthly benefit 
to one minister and three widows who are not cov- 
ered by the Brethren group retirement plan. 
These checks, while not large by today's stand- 
ards, are sincerely appreciated by these four re- 
cipients, whom we, in turn, sincerely appreciate. 

Benevolence— Brethren Care of Ohio, $1,370.00. 
Tell me about that. 

Fifty percent of all offerings sent to the Benevo- 
lent Board by Ohio District churches and indi- 
viduals is given directly to Brethren Care of Ash- 
land to be used for projects, to enhance facilities, 
or to assist residents as needed. See Lenny Sea- 
man's report for more details. 

Benevolence — Brethren Care of Indiana, 
$10,075.00. Who is that? 

Early this year one of our Brethren laymen 
from South Bend proposed the establishment of a 
foundation to benefit the residents of Topsfield 
Terrace at South Bend. Following his generous 
example, the Benevolent Board voted to contri- 
bute a Topsfield Terrace bond, which we received 
several years ago in payment for start up services 
rendered by the Board's Executive Director. The 

Mr. Snyder is treasurer of the Benevolent Board 
of the Brethren Church. 

foundation has now been established. 

Buckeye Apartment Subsidy, $7^00.00. Who 
did that help? 

Various government agencies as well as many 
churches subsidize housing for senior citizens. 
That's good, but it has kept life use contracts and 
rental fees for comparable apartments in our area 
below our actual costs of maintenance and debt 
service for our Buckeye Apartments. Recognizing 
this, as well as our responsibility to our residents, 
the Board voted two years ago to minimize rent 
increases by providing a subsidy. This financial 
support provides timely debt retirement and 
adequate maintenance to preserve the facilities 
for present residents and others who might need 
this type of housing in the future. 

That's more than twenty-one thousand dollars. 
Where did you get it? 

It came from you, the generous Brethren. A 
large percentage (over $12,000) came as gifts from 
local Brethren churches and individuals. Another 
$2,000 came from the estate of a person who re- 
membered several of our boards in a will. Most of 
the balance came as interest earned on nearly 
$60,000 that was willed to the Benevolent Board 
by a Kansas farm couple. 

Next week this $60,000 will be withdrawn from 
high yield savings certificates to become the base 
of a low interest revolving loan fund for financing 
capital improvements or major repairs at any 
Benevolent Board affiliated facility. Interest rates 
charged for these loans will be approximately one- 
half of prevailing commercial rates, and earnings 
will be used to increase the base for further loans. 
Our first loan will help finance the new addition 
at Brethren Care, Ashland. 

In conclusion, I repeat: It all comes from the re- 
sources which God has entrusted to you, the 
generous Brethren. We of the Benevolent Board 
and those within our area of ministry sincerely 
appreciate your prayers, interest, and support, [t] 

February 1982 


Benevolent Care 

Doubly Blessed at Topsfield Terrace 

by Ried Thompson 

TO LIVE at Topsfield Terrace for even a 
short time is automatically to become a 
"salesperson" for it. Mrs. Thompson and I 
have just passed our first anniversary in 
residence here. 

Never have we lived in a more "close-knit" 
community. Love and caring were surely 
built into this community when Brethren 
Care of South Bend, Inc., conceived and 
achieved the goal of establishing this total 
care community. 

Topsfield, a multimillion-dollar facility, is 
our home. However, we prefer not to refer to 
it as "a home" because of earlier connota- 
tions associated with being "put in a home." 
We lease our own apartment for our lifetime 
—either a studio apartment, a one-bedroom 
suite, a two-bedroom suite, or a two-bedroom 
expanded suite. In addition, each month we 
pay a service fee for a multitude of services 
that we receive: meals, heat, lighting, cool- 
ing, flat laundry, bi-weekly cleaning service, 
and a number of other things. 

Ours is a not-for-profit institution. By the 
same token, neither the government nor tax- 
payers have contributed to its construction or 
operation. Topsfield Terrace does have a tax- 
free status and operates on a nonprofit basis. 

Topsfield Terrace has 254 apartments, 
each with its own fully-equipped kitchen. 
The administration building, besides having 
a spacious lounge and large dining room, in- 
cludes a family dining room, game room, arts 

and crafts room, library, woodworking shop, 
branch bank, and a beauty and barber salon. 
In addition, an all-purpose room (next to and 
as large as the lounge) makes possible large 
gatherings and parties. 

Our first party last year was a grand 
Christmas party. Mr. and Mrs. David Stick- 
ler, Sr., of First Brethren Church of South 
Bend were our Mr. and Mrs. Santa Claus. 

Rev. Larry Baker, pastor of South Bend 
First Brethren, has held prayer and Bible 
study classes for residents on Wednesday af- 
ternoons all year. Now, with Pastor Larry's 
help and aid from several other northern In- 
diana Brethren pastors, a similar Bible study 
will be held for patients in the Health Care 

One of six lounges in the two large buildings at 
Topsfield Terrace. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

I v < 

Center on two or more Sun- 
days each month. Our resi- 
dents' Vesper Committee has 
provided vespers each Thurs- 
day evening, with ministers 
and musicians from differ- 
ent denominations assisting. 
These, of course, are inter- 
faith and are well-attended by 
the residents. 

In addition to all these ac- 
tivities, classes, and other 
entertainment, we enjoy the 
protection of an excellent modern Health 
Care Center with a 78-bed capacity as part of 
the complex. Each apartment is wired directly 
by intercom to the nursing station at the 
Health Care Center for added protection. 

Present residents have come from several 
states and from all walks of life. Name an oc- 
cupation and we probably have a resident 
representing that kind of work. We are dou- 
bly blessed at Topsfield Terrace. God has 
been good to us, but we still covet your 
prayers for our continued success and growth 
at Topsfield Terrace. [t] 

r Note: The Benevolent Board of the Brethren 

The two large residence buildings at Topsfield Terrace form a cross. 

Church has received word from Brethren Care of 
South Bend, Inc., thai Topsfield Terrace is now 
operating under new management and has been 
renamed the St. Paul Retirement Community. It is 
hoped that the new management will be able to 
secure more residents and that the facility will be- 
come more cost efficient. Brethren Care of South 
Bend continues to own the facility. 

Rev. Austin Gable of Route 5, Peru, Ind., repre- 
sents the Benevolent Board on Brethren Care of 
South Bend, Inc. Additional information will be 
provided later, as available. 

—Rev. Doc Shank 
Benevolent Board Chairman) 


Pamela Appollonio to Tom Landes, January 3. 
Groom a member of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Joyce Vincent to Bradley Finley, January 1, at the 
Louisville First Brethren Church; John Brownsberger, 
pastor, officiating. Members of the Louisville First 
Brethren Church. 

Kathleen Ranae Hoskins to Craig William Heise, 
December 27, at the Waterloo First Brethren Church; 
Ronald L. Waters, pastor, and Durwood Bucheim of- 
ficiating. Bride a member of the Waterloo First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Emily King to David Russell, December 27, at the 
County Line Brethren Church; Rev. W.L. Thomas of- 
ficiating. Bride a member of the County Line Breth- 
ren Church. 

Nina Jane Stanley to Michael Marshall, December 
19, at the Hillcrest Brethren Church; David A. Rusk, 
pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the Hillcrest 
Brethren Church. 

Edith Deeter to Gary Mills, October 10, at the Ber- 
lin Brethren Church; Ralph E. Mills, pastor and 
father of the groom, officiating. Groom a member of 
the Berlin Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Sarasota: 8 by baptism, 5 by transfer 

Ardmore: 3 by baptism 
Bryan: 12 by baptism, 1 by transfer 


Owen and Lois Kibler, 52nd, February 19. Members 
of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Cletus and Frances Ulbricht, 53rd, February 16. 
Members of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Lou and Mina Green, 54th, February 12. Members 
of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Thelma and Raymond Douglass, 57th, January 25. 
Thelma a member of the Flora First Brethren Church; 
Raymond a member of the Church of the Brethren. 
Virgil and Ethel DeMike, 59th, January 16. Mem- 
bers of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Mervin and Gladys Hinsch, 59th, January 16th. 
Members of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 

The Family: 
As God Sees It 

. . . the title of a special 16-page worship 

guide for use in your World Day of Prayer 

observance, March 5, 1982. Produced by the 

National Association of Evangelicals, 

this timely booklet will help you and your 

church reflect upon the meaning of the family 

and its importance in the eyes of God. 

For complete program information, 

contact NAE at P.O. Box 28, 
Wheaton, IL 60187; (312) 665-0500. 

February 1982 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


The True Aristocrats 

D WIGHT L. MOODY, in his excellent 
little book, Heaven and How to Get 
There, said, "The society of heaven will be 
select. No one who studies Scripture can 
doubt that. There are a good many kinds of 
aristocracy in this world, but the aristocracy 
of heaven will be the aristocracy of holiness. 
The humblest believer on earth will be an 
aristocrat there." 

That is a very interesting statement. 
Perhaps we've got things turned all around 
down here. After all is said and done (and 
there's always more said than done), we'll 
discover what the Almighty knew all along — 
that great saints aren't the ones on television 
building monuments or those crisscrossing 
the country holding seminars too expensive 
for the average-size church. 

No, sir! We've got it all wrong. We will 
surely discover that the greatest saints are 
those who go through life in humility and 
simplicity — like Brother Lawrence in The 
Practice of the Presence of God. 

Brother Lawrence was more likely to be 
found worshiping in his kitchen than in his 
cathedral. He could pray, "Lord of all pots 
and pans and things . . . make me a saint by 
getting meals and washing up the plates!" 
He had discovered servanthood and didn't 
concern himself with authority. 

In my profession I attend a lot of funerals. 
I've noticed the different types of caskets. 
Some are absolutely beautiful. Craftsman- 
ship at its best. One day I decided to go into 
the basement of the funeral home to view the 
various caskets on display. No, I wasn't 
. thinking of dying. I wasn't even thinking of 
purchasing a casket for a loved one. My pur- 
pose was twofold: to check price listings and 
to admire the craftsmanship. 

The caskets ranged from the rather simple 
to the very elaborate — not necessarily in that 
order. Their price tags were indicative of 
their craftsmanship and material. I inquired, 
"Could a man purchase one of these in ad- 

vance? Put a hold on it — to fight inflation? 
You know, like a lay-a-way?" 

The truth of the matter is, you can pur- 
chase a casket anytime. Take it with you and 
sleep in it if you desire. But, of course, most 
people don't. Too morbid. We wait till death 
strikes before purchasing a casket. Then 
someone else has to make the selection. 

It was quite evident, however, by the price 
tags that some people are laid to rest in very 
expensive boxes. It all depends on how much 
you want to pay. Generally, from what I've 
observed, the wealthier a person on earth, 
the more costly the casket. 

I wonder what Brother Lawrence was 
buried in. Probably a wooden box that's long 
since rotted. Look what King Tut was buried 
in. But who do you think is the aristocrat 
now? No matter how elaborate or plain the 
casket, it does not alter in any way the des- 
tiny of the dead. Aristocracy on earth does 
not guarantee anything in the hereafter. 
There is only one aristocracy in heaven, the 
aristocracy of holiness. 

Someone has suggested that there will be 
three things that will surprise us when we 
get to heaven: (1) To meet someone we did 
not think would be there. (2) To look for but 
be unable to find someone we thought would 
be there. (3) To find ourselves there! [t 

The biggest threat to American evan- 
gelicalism is not humanism but material- 
ism. We love money and the pleasure it 
buys. We do whatever we can to get more. 
Paul predicted that in the last days people 
would be lovers of money, lovers of self . Yet 
we do exegetical acrobatics to accommodate 
materialism into our theology of living. 
Will we ever fight this foe with the same 
fervor we use against evolution or immoral- 
ity or abortion? 

. Randall Petersen, in Evangelical 
Newsletter, vol. 8, No. 25 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Winding Waters youth play "Possum 
during Thanksgiving holidays 


Elkhart, Ind.— At 6:00 p.m. on 
Wednesday, November 25, 1981, 
26 senior high youth and four 
adult sponsors from the Winding 
Waters Brethren Church boarded 
a bus and headed south. Destina- 
tion: Florida! Thus began an ex- 
perience that would surpass all 

The bus was called "Possum 
Four." Like a "possum," it travels 
at night. The seats fold into bunks, 
and as the bus speeds through the 
night, its passengers sleep. 

On Thursday morning, Thanks- 
giving Day, the youth and their 
sponsors awoke in the Great 
Smoky Mountains. There they 
tackled the challenge of climbing a 
mountain, and had a truly moun- 
taintop experience. Later, back at 
the Possum, they feasted on their 
own Thanksgiving meal, complete 
with turkey sandwiches, mashed 
potatoes, and cranberries. 

They then reboarded the Pos- 
sum, and after another night of 
travel, awoke to see the beauty of 
New Smyrna Beach. Now it was 
time for a day of swimming and 
lying in the sun. 

The next morning found them at 

Flora worship services 
being televised 

Flora, Ind. — The Sunday morning 
worship services of the First 
Brethren Church of Flora are 
being telecast over cable television 
during the month of February. 

First Brethren Church is one of 
eight Flora-area churches par- 
ticipating in this cooperative tele- 
cast arrangement. Each of these 
churches has its services telecast 
for one month, on a rotating basis. 

The Sunday morning services 
are telecast on the following Tues- 
day nights. 

Disney World. There they spent a 
marathon eighteen hours ex- 
periencing every delight this won- 
derland has to offer. 

This exhausting day at Disney 
World was followed by a refresh- 
ing day at River Country. Then 
the youth climbed aboard their 
bus for a twenty-four hour trip 
home. They arrived back in Elk- 
hart at 10:00 p.m. Monday night. 

Though the trip was filled to the 
brim with excitement, it was not 


all fun and games. It included 
Bible studies, songfests, and shar- 
ing times along the way. Many of 
the youth accepted Christ, and 
others rededicated themselves to 
His way of living. 

The trip was arranged by the 
Possum staff of Taylor University 
in Upland, Ind. The senior high 
youth worked for over a year to 
save enough money to make the 
journey possible. 

— reported by Dr. Fred Finks, pastor 

H^Ur ' 

W ~M* *■ f 


At right, 


breakfast at 

New Smyrna 

• - 

Beach, Fla. 

ielow, a night 

**MHT 3 

ip,,«» <**•' 

on the road 

in Possum 


February 1982 



Excitement and challenge at Louisville 
First Brethren Church 

Louisville, Ohio — The last two 
years have been an exciting and 
challenging time for the members 
of the First Brethren Church of 
Louisville. During 1980 the 
church had a 20% increase in av- 
erage attendance and a 10% in- 
crease in membership. Several 
new families were also added in 
1981, although loses offset the 
gains and kept the church from 
seeing much growth during this 
past year. 

Though a relatively small con- 
gregation (averaging about 125 in 
worship with a membership of 
186 — 30 of whom do not live 
within driving distance of the 

church), it has had a large budget 
the last two years — around 
$75,000 each year. Included in 
these budgets were all apportion- 
ments, both district and national, 
and an additional $26 per member 
for the national Missionary Board. 
Though it has been difficult to 
meet these budgets, the congrega- 
tion prefers to struggle rather 
than to do what comes easily. 

In addition to these accomplish- 
ments, the Louisville First Breth- 
ren have started some new pro- 
grams and improved some existing 
ones during the past couple of 

One of the new programs is a 

At left, the 
new puppet 
ministry in 
action. Below, 
the Louisville 
First Brethren 
gathered for 
Photos by 
Ray Bates 




puppet ministry for the children, 
under the direction of Bill Wil- 
liams. Another is elective classes 
on marriage enrichment and par- 
enting led by outside resource 
people. These classes were set up 
by the Sunday school leaders be- 
cause of the many young families 
that have entered the congrega- 

An example of an improved 
program is the choir. Two years 
ago the church had a struggling 
choir. Now the choir numbers from 
18-22 people, with the men some- 
times outnumbering the women. 
The new life came when Glenn 
McFarland heard a men's chorus 
from the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church sing at the Ohio 
District Conference. He returned 
to Louisville determined to start a 
men's chorus. With the help of 
La Vera Brewer (pianist) and Joyce 
Brownsberger (choir director), 
Glenn was not only successful in 
seeing a men's chorus started, but 
in promoting the improvement of 
the existing choir. The two groups 
now sing on a rotating basis. 

Another change in the church 
has been a revision of the constitu- 
tion, replacing boards and commit- 
tees with ministries. In developing 
the ministry concept, the church is 
encouraging its members to dis- 
cern their talents and spiritual 
gifts, and then to select a ministry 
of the church through which they 
can serve Christ. 

In order that the Ministry of 
Deacons might serve the congrega- 
tion more effectively, six couples 
were installed as new deacons and 
deaconesses on November 8, 1981. 
They are Mr. and Mrs. Don Baker, 
Mr. and Mrs. Tom Oyster, Mr. and 
Mrs. Doug Shook, Mr. and Mrs. 
Don Unkefer, and Mr. and Mrs. 
Jim Wolf. Under the leadership of 
Mr. and Mrs. Don Moran, the 
deacons and deaconesses are seek- 
ing to "pastor" the people who at- 
tend the church by dividing them 
(continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 


North Liberty Brethren Church 
celebrates 85th anniversary 

North Liberty, Ind.— The First 
Brethren Church of North Liberty 
celebrated its 85th anniversary 
with a special weekend of events 
November 4-8, 1981. Rev. William 
Curtis, former pastor of the con- 
gregation, was the guest speaker 
for the celebration. Rev. Curtis is 
now pastor of the Northwest 
Brethren Chapel congregation in 
Tucson, Ariz. 

As a prelude to the anniversary 
weekend, Mr. Tom Manenti 
shared his musical ministry and 
testimony with the congregation 
on Sunday morning, November 1. 
Mr. Manenti is a member of the 
County Line Brethren Church. 

The actual anniversary ac- 
tivities began with a carry-in and 
welcoming dinner on Wednesday 
evening, November 4. This was 
followed with a message by Rev. 

Thursday evening was Youth 
Night. Two skits were performed 
by the senior youth and a musical 
testimony was presented by the 
junior youth. 

On Friday evening the North 
Liberty Brethren celebrated the 
85th birthday of their church with 
a birthday party. Mr. Ron Renz 

North Liberty 

Brethren enjoy 

the Anniversary 

Banquet. Guest 

speaker and 

former pastor 

Rev. William 

Curtis is in 

the center of 

the picture. 

baked a delicious cake, which he 
decorated with a likeness of the 
church building — done in frosting. 

The church's annual Anniver- 
sary Banquet was held on Satur- 
day evening. This was followed by 
the Second Annual All-Church 
Variety Show, which featured 
baton twirling, puppet shows, 
magic acts, and even a song by 
North Liberty Pastor Bill Brady. 
The evening culminated with a 
look into the word of God, led by 
Rev. Curtis. 

Sunday morning's anniversary 
activities began with a praise 
celebration led by Miss Jacquie 

Louisville First Brethren 

(continued from previous page) 
into care groups, with each group 
in the care of one of the couples. 

Not satisfied with past ac- 
complishments, Louisville First 
Brethren Church is seeking to 
move forward in the year ahead. 
Several Sunday evening services 
were set aside at the end of 1981 
to plan for the new year. As a re- 
sult of these services, the congre- 
gation set goals of 15% increases 
in Sunday school and worship at- 
tendances and in membership 
growth in 1982. During the month 
of January, Sunday evening serv- 
ices were used to develop a strat- 
egy for accomplishing these goals. 

The congregation also intends to 
make changes and improvements 

on its church building. Plans have 
already been approved to begin re- 
modeling the exterior of the 
sanctuary this spring. And a com- 
mittee has been established to 
develop plans for an addition to 
the sanctuary, including new en- 
trance, rest rooms, narthex, and 
extensive interior remodeling. The 
goal is to complete these projects 
progressively over the next three 
or four years. 

The members of the Louisville 
First Brethren Church recognize 
that their church has much room 
for improvement and growth. They 
are praying that the Lord will con- 
tinue to lead them as they pursue 
these improvements and growth. 
— reported by Ethel Culler and 
Rev. John Brownsberger, pastor 

Singleton. Miss Singleton is a 
member of the North Liberty con- 
gregation who has developed a 
music ministry to churches. 

Following this praise celebra- 
tion, Rev. Curtis challenged the 
church to serve God with renewed 
vigor in the coming years. 

The Anniversary weekend con- 
cluded with a service of rededica- 
tion to the Lord. Following a mes- 
sage by Rev. Curtis, each member 
of the church came forward and 
shared in the Bread and the Cup. 
They then wrote their names on 
slips of paper and tacked them to a 
six-foot rugged cross, thus dem- 
onstrating that it was our sins 
that nailed Jesus to the cross and 
for which He died. 

Then each person lit a candle, 
symbolizing that Christians are 
the light of the world and that 
Jesus has left us in the world to 
minister and to "let our lights so 
shine . . . ." 

Angie Mlekodaj and Bill Brady 
display the Anniversary cake, 
baked and decorated by Ron Renz. 

February 1982 



Brandon Brethren Church holds 
first annual "Renewal Sunday" 

Brandon, Fla. — The Brandon 
Brethren Church held its first an- 
nual "Renewal Service" on Janu- 
ary 10, 1982. During the service, 
members of the congregation were 
given an opportunity to reaffirm 
their faith in Jesus Christ as 
Savior and Lord and to recommit 
themselves to keeping His com- 
mands and becoming growing and 
useful members of His church by 
attending services, tithing, taking 
an active part in the work, and by 
leading consistent, Christ-honor- 
ing lives. Nineteen members so re- 
sponded and signed cards indicat- 
ing their desire to continue their 
membership in the Brandon 

Brethren Church in 1982. 

This service was part of an ongo- 
ing attempt by the Brandon 
Church to "help the people the 
Lord sends (us) to step up to the 
(level of) faithfulness they would 
surely want to show their Lord." 

This service was one more step 
in a process of church membership 
and involvement which includes: 

(1) Experiencing personal conver- 
sion to Christ. (At Brandon, it is 
stressed that a conversion experi- 
ence is the biblical basis for 
church membership.) 

(2) Attending a membership class. 

(3) Going through a follow-up 
program in which spiritual growth 

Wayne Heights Brethren contribute 
record "Christmas Tree" offering 

Waynesboro, Pa. — One of the 

most exciting Christmas activities 
of the Wayne Heights Brethren 
Church over the past several years 
has been decorating the Missions 
Christmas Tree. Last December 
was no exception. 

Each year on the Sunday before 
Christmas, a tree is placed on the 
platform of the sanctuary, and the 
children and youth of the Sunday 
school are given brightly deco- 
rated coin envelopes. Then during 
the opening worship period of Sun- 
day school, the children and youth 
pass by the tree and hang their en- 
velopes on its branches. The adults 
follow and place their offerings in 
a container at the base of the tree. 
Over the years, the congregation 
has seen this offering grow from 
less than $100 to the 1980 high of 

Each year a mission project is 
chosen, for which the money will 
be used. This year's project was a 
motorcycle for Brother Joshua 
Ting, a new missionary worker in 
Malaysia. Joshua will be helping 
David and Jenny Loi spread the 
gospel in Malaysia, particularly in 
the Singapore area. The estimated 

cost for a motorcycle was $500. 
The project was promoted with the 
theme, "A Set of Wheels for 

On Sunday morning, December 
20, a sense of excitement filled the 
air as the tree was decorated. This 
excitement carried over to the 
evening service — a cantata by the 
adult and youth choirs. At that 
time the pastor announced that 
the morning Christmas Tree offer- 
ing had come to $565.01 — the 
highest ever. This was not only 
enough to purchase "a Set of 
Wheels for Joshua," but also pro- 
vided a little extra to help some 
needy people of the world. (The 
Sunday school cabinet had previ- 
ously decided that any excess 
would be given to World Relief.) 

Rev. Henry Bates, pastor of the 
Wayne Heights Church, expressed 
his pleasure at the way the con- 
gregation supported this special 
offering. He said, "We praise the 
Lord for this wonderful response 
on the part of the Brethren here at 
Wayne Heights. While not a large 
congregation numerically, it is a 
large congregation in faith, vision, 
and generosity." 

through Bible study, prayer, and 
fellowship is stressed, and the im- 
portance of being a member of 
Christ's body is emphasized. 

(4) Making certain vows at the 
time of being received into the fel- 
lowship of the local church. 

(5) Being involved in the church 
work in ways that will help fulfill 
these vows. 

The annual Renewal Service is a 
means of reminding members of 
these vows and of encouraging 
them to think seriously about 
their relationship to Jesus Christ. 
Provision for this annual celebra- 
tion is written into the constitu- 
tion of the Brandon Church. 

During the Renewal Service on 
January 10, Rev. Keith Bennett, 
pastor of the congregation, pre- 
sented a special message on Ro- 
mans 12, entitled "The Beauty of 
Devotion." Music for the service 
also emphasized renewal and 

Following the service, 30 people 
stayed to share a carry-in dinner 
and volleyball games. 

Curtis K. Hamei is 
licensed to preach 

Johnstown, Pa. — On November 
29, 1981, Mr. Curtis K. Hamel, a 
member of the Second Brethren 
Church of Johnstown, was licensed 
to preach by the Pennsylvania 
District. He has also entered a 
reading program to prepare for 

Mr. Hamel, 56, is married to the 
former Irene Markley and is the 
father of four children. He has 
served the Second Brethren 
Church as moderator, Sunday 
school superintendent and teacher, 
and lay speaker. He is currently 
vice president of the National 
Laymen's Organization and serves 
on the Pennsylvania District Mis- 
sion Board. 

Mr. Hamel is also active in Boy 
Scouting and works for the Na- 
tional Child Safety Council. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


New buildings, equipment, and people added 
at Milford First Brethren Church 

Milford, Ind. — Several additions 
were made to the physical life of 
the Milford First Brethren Church 
in 1980 and 1981. 

In June 1980, the Ford agency 
across the street from the church 
went out of business, and the con- 
gregation was able to purchase the 
buildings. One of these is being 
made into a gym, which can be 
used for basketball, as a full size 
tennis court, or as two volleyball 
courts. Within the next couple of 
years the church hopes to totally 
remodel a second building into a 

large fellowship hall, classrooms, 
kitchen, lounge area, and church 

Another purchase made by the 
church was new office equipment. 
This included a new IBM type- 
writer, and offset printing and 
copying equipment. The church is 
now able to do almost all of its 
own printing. 

Then last fall, the church in- 
stalled a new sound system, with 
speakers in all classrooms. The 
equipment also has a very fine 
tape deck. This is used to record 

Pleasant View Brethren Church is 
people caring for people 

Vandergrift, Pa. — Members of 
the Pleasant View Brethren 
Church of Vandergrift had more 
than Christmas on their minds 
during the month of December. 
The needs of their community 
were also a focus of their atten- 

The youth of the church, in their 
annual Children's Hospital drive, 
canvassed the area to raise over 
$1,500. This money will be used to 
aid parents who have children in 
the hospital who do not have 
adequate funding. 

The canvassing efforts of the 
Pleasant View youth extended 
into three communities and 
climaxed with a "Children's Hospi- 
tal Benefit" at the church. 

Rev. Michael Gleason, pastor of 
the Pleasant View Church, praised 
the youth for their efforts, along 
with the help of their leaders, 
William Hesketh and Shirley and 
Alan Christy. 

Also during the month of De- 
cember, the Pleasant View Church 
held a canned goods and fundrais- 
ing drive within the congregation 
to aid the work of the Salvation 
Army in the Kiski Valley. Over 
100 cans of food were collected and 
more than $160 received. 

"The Pleasant View Brethren 

Church always has been in- 
terested in the work and needs of 
its community," said Pastor 
Gleason. "It is a joy to work with a 
congregation that genuinely cares 
for people. We just want the com- 
munity to feel our support, and to 
make it known that we are here to 
serve them through our faith as 
well as our giving." 

Sarasota First Brethren 
sets attendance records 

Sarasota, Fla.— The First Breth- 
ren Church of Sarasota set two 
new attendance records recently. 

On December 6, 1981, the 
church had its highest Sunday 
evening attendance ever, with 823 
present. This record crowd had 
come to hear the "Florida Boys," 
one of America's leading gospel 

Then on Sunday, January 10, 
1982, Sarasota First Brethren set 
a new record for total attendance 
for all services on a Sunday, with 
1,392. This was the total atten- 
dance for Sunday school, morning 
worship, and an afternoon and 
evening showing of the motion pic- 
ture "Joni." Total morning wor- 
ship attendance was 499, and 668 
came to see "Joni." 

all worship services so that cas- 
settes of these services can be 
taken to shut-ins. The cost of the 
system (slightly over $1,700) was 
covered by memorial gifts given by 
three people of the congregation. 

Just as important as these phys- 
ical additions to the Milford First 
Brethren Church have been addi- 
tions to the church's programing. 
These include a baby nursery, a 
nursery church for children 
two years old up to kindergarten, 
a high school BYC group, and a 
Christian Youth Club (CYC) for 
children in grades four through 

Also, in 1980 the church ac- 
cepted a new set of by-laws, incor- 
porating the "ministry concept" 
into its organization. Along with 
.this change, the church introduced 
a budget — a first for the congrega- 
tion. As a result, giving has more 
than doubled. 

But the most important addi- 
tions of all have been the people 
who have joined the Milford con- 
gregation. During 1981 the church 
received eleven new members into 
its fellowship, six by confession of 
faith and five by transfer. For a 
small congregation (80 members 
in 1980), this represents good 

Besides these who have been 
added to the membership, others 
have rededicated their lives, and a 
spirit of Christian love prevails in 
the church. 

Rev. Paul Tinkel, pastor of the 
congregation, sums it up this way: 
"Souls are being saved, husbands 
and wives are uniting in member- 
ship as families, babys are being 
dedicated unto the Lord, and par- 
ents are dedicating their lives in 
the raising of these children. Our 
wonderful God has not failed us. 
He's leading us into greater serv- 
ice in His kingdom on earth, mak- 
ing way for His wonderful return, 
when Satan and all his followers 
shall be chained, and we shall see 
Christ face to face." 

February 1982 



National WMS to sponsor quilting bee 
at 1982 General Conference 

Linwood, Md. — The National 
Woman's Missionary Society has 
announced that it will sponsor a 
quilting bee at the 1982 General 
Conference. Plans call for the quilt- 
ing of the denomination's first heir- 
loom quilt. Perhaps more than one 
will be quilted if things go well. 

According to Mrs. Robert 
C lough, who is in charge of the 
quilting project, "Any Brethren 
church, group, or individual is in- 
vited to contribute squares for the 
quilts. These are to be 8V2 x 8V2 

inch squares of white broadcloth 
or muslin. Please leave l A inch 
seam allowances on all sides. This 
will result in a finished square 
that is 8 x 8 inches. 

"Designs should be original in 
applique or embroidery (no liquid 
embroidery). They may reflect 
something to do with your local 
church, district, or the Brethren 
Church as a whole. They may sim- 
ply be a pretty quilting design or 
one dealing with a general reli- 
gious theme. All squares should 

Flora First Brethren rejoice 
as loan is repaid 

Flora, Ind. — January 1982 was a 
month of rejoicing in the First 
Brethren Church of Flora, when 
the congregation made final pay- 
ment on a loan it had taken out in 
1980. The money was borrowed to 
pay for construction of a new roof 
and for other repairs and redec- 
orating to the church building. 

The new roof and repairs be- 
came necessary in May 1980 when 
one of the main roof trusses gave 
way, and the roof and ceiling of 
the church building began to fall. 
A new gabled roof was constructed 
over the entire building, a sus- 
pended ceiling was installed, and 
all walls except those in the base- 
ment were painted. Total cost was 

In addition to these repairs, a 
new gas furnace was installed in 
the parsonage. Then last fall, the 
seats and backs of all the church 
pews were cushioned and covered. 
And recently two large accordion 
doors for two classrooms were 
newly installed. 

All these projects were paid for 
over a one and one-half year 
period through the freewill offer- 
ings of the congregation — with 
three exceptions: The accordion 
doors were the gift of an anony- 
mous member. Also $5,000 came 
from a food stand the Flora Breth- 

ren had at an Old German Baptist 
Annual Conference held near Flora 
in June 1981. And an additional 
$5,200 came from cashing two gift 
certificates given to the church by 
two sisters, Myrtle Zinn and Mae 
Eikenberry (now deceased). 

According to June Musselman, 
corresponding secretary for the 
church, the rest of the amount was 
paid off by the congregation with- 
out sacrificing its giving to any of 
its missionary pledges. In addi- 
tion, the church met all of its ap- 
portionments and commitments, 
including a special apportionment 
for the new Indiana District mis- 
sion church at Carmel, Ind. "For 
all of this we humbly thank God 
for all His blessings and give Him 
all the praise and glory," Mrs. 
Musselman said. 

Rev. Alvin Grumbling is pastor 
of the Flora First Brethren congre- 

Evangelist Billy Graham said in a 
recent press conference that if every 
church in America would help ten 
poor families, poverty could be elimi- 
nated and the holes caused by the 
federal government's budget cuts 
could be filled. A compassionate re- 
sponse by the church would cause 
onlookers to respond to the gospel, 
he said. (EP News) 

be embroidered with the name of 
your church and/or group, if 

"There is no limit to the number 
of squares that may be submitted 
by a church or an individual. We 
may not be able to use all of them 
this year, but if all goes well, we 
may be able to make more quilts 
in future years." 

Completed squares should be 
mailed by July 1 to: 
Mrs. Robert Clough 
571 McKinstry's Mill Road 
Union Bridge, MD 21791 
Mrs. Clough also invites anyone 
attending Conference "to bring a 
needle and thimble and help quilt." 
The quilt will be auctioned off at the 
end of the week, with proceeds to go 
to World Relief. 

New Lebanon member 
Angie Denius wins 
trip to Rose Bowl 

New Lebanon, Ohio — Angie 
Denius, a member of the Brethren 
Church of New Lebanon, was one 
of five young people in the United 
States to win an all-expenses-paid 
trip for two to the Rose Bowl in 
Pasadena, California. The trip was 
awarded to her by Sports Illus- 
trated magazine. 

To win the prize, Angie first had 
to sell a subscription to the 
magazine. She then had to submit 
a 25-word essay telling why she 
wanted to go to the Rose Bowl 

In her essay, Angie said that 
she wanted to go to California to 
visit her 101-year-old great-grand- 
father, who lives in Fountain City, 

Angie is the daughter of Richard 
and Betty Denius, also members 
of the New Lebanon Brethren 
Church. She is a junior at Dixie 
High School in New Lebanon. 

Since the prize was a trip for 
two, she took her father. Her 
mother paid her own way to ac- 
company them. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Calendar of Events 

FEBRUARY — Benevolent Board emphasis month 

15 Brethren Publishing Company Board of 

Trustees Meeting at Park Street Brethren 

Church, Ashland 
20-21 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic 

Disaster Relief Workers in the Florida 

District, at the Orlando Church of the 

26-28 Northern California District Conference 

at Northgate Community Church, Manteca 
28- Child-Care Workshop for Domestic Disaster 
Mar. 1 Relief Workers in the Northern California 

District, at the Fresno Church of the Brethren 

MARCH — World Missions emphasis month 

7 Florida District Conference at the Town and 
Country Brethren Church, Tampa 
9-11 Brethren Pastors' Conference at Cedarkirk 

Retreat Center, Lithia, Florida 
13-14 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic Disaster 
Relief Workers in Northern Indiana, at 
Kalamazoo, Michigan 
20 Ohio District Conference at the Williamstown 
Brethren Church 
29-30 Statement of Faith Task Force Meeting at the 
Ashland Park Street Brethen Church 

APRIL — World Relief emphasis month 

16-18 Southwest District Conference at the Papago 
Park Brethren Church, Tempe, Arizona 

24-25 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic Disaster 
Relief Workers in Northern Ohio, at Camp 
Inspiration Hills 

G. Eleanor Gentle 

Mrs. G. Eleanor Gentle, 62, 
passed from this life on January 
18, 1982. She was a member of 
the Goshen, Indiana, First 
Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Gentle was the wife of 
Brethren pastor, Rev. Spencer 
Gentle, and together they served 
in the North Georgetown, Water- 
loo, Glenford, Mansfield, Papago 
Park, and Goshen Brethren 

She was the mother of five children— Phillip (of 
Phoenix, Ariz.), Stanley and Daryl (of Ashland), Mary 
(of Goshen), and Kevin (deceased). 

Services were held at the Goshen First Brethren 
Church, with Rev. Brian Moore and Rev. Marlin 
McCann presiding, and at the Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland, with Rev. Arden Gilmer in 
charge. Burial was at the Ashland County Memorial 

Memorial countributions may be made to the Mis- 
sionary Board of the Brethren Church. 

ATS receives Methodist approval 

Ashland, Ohio — Ashland Theological Seminary has 
been officially approved for the training of United 
Methodist seminary students by the University Sen- 
ate of the United Methodist Church upon recommen- 
dation of its Commission on Theological Education. 

The senate's decision, made January 7 at a meeting 
in Atlanta, Ga., represents a reconsideration of action 
taken in July 1981, at which time approval was with- 
drawn. That decision was based on inadequate infor- 
mation about the seminary. 

Ashland Theological Seminary furnished further in- 
formation about its interdenominational faculty and 
student body and its teaching of United Methodist 
history, doctrine, polity, and social principles to 
Methodist students. This resulted in a reversal of the 
July decision. 

Ashland Theological Seminary now has an enroll- 
ment of 420 students, making it the largest Protestant 
seminary in Ohio. Forty-four of these students are 
preparing for ministry in the United Methodist 
Church, which is one of 50 denominations represented 
at the seminary. 

In Memory 

Charles Jenks, 90, January 14. Member for 53 years 
of the Elkhart First Brethren Church. Services by 
Dan Gray, pastor. 

Viola Schmidt, 67, December 31. Member for 28 
years of the Elkhart First Brethren Church. Services 
by Dan Gray, pastor. 

Pearl E. Gnagy, 93, December 30. Lifetime member 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services by 
Ronald L. Waters, pastor. 

Clarence Raymond Abe, 81, December 15. Member 
and oldest deacon of the Sarasota First Brethren 
Church. He was also a charter and founding member 
of the Bradenton Brethren Church. Services by Dr. 
J.D. Hamel, senior pastor; Rev. James Koontz, assis- 
tant pastor; Rev. Kenneth Solomon; and Rev. Robert 

Ester E. True, 81, December 11. Member of the Hill- 
crest Brethren Church. Services by David A. Rusk, 


House parents for girls' dormitory at Riverside 
Christian Training School (for six girls of junior and 
senior high school age). 

Semi-retired persons who have raised a family 
desired. Couple preferred. 

Large 3-bedroom apartment, meals, medical be- 
nefits, and honorarium provided. 
For more information contact: 

Mr. Doran Hostetler, Administrator 

Riverside Christian Training School 

Lost Creek, KY 41348 

Phone (606) 666-2359 

February 1982 


Why should you care if your entire 
Sunday school uses Bible-in-r "*~* 

Because you're dedicated to helping each 
student develop a vital, personal relationship 
with Jesus Christ. And with Bible-in-Life at 
all age levels, you'll have the assurance that 
your teaching goals fit into a total plan of 
growth for your Sunday school — a plan that 
works toward changed lives and spiritual 
maturity. Here's how Bible-in-Life does it: 

— Helping your students grow spiritually — 
teaching them to apply the Bible to their 
daily lives. 

-Encouraging family growth and involve- 
ment — through the new quarterly publica- 
tion, The Christian Family Growing 
Together, and take-home papers. 

-Helping teachers grow and develop their 
skills — every teacher's guide contains 
teacher growth sections and useful teach- 
ing ideas. 

-Expanding outreach to your community — 
as church families share and grow together. 

Find out more about David C. Cook's Bible-in-Life curriculum 
by requesting free samples for all departments not presently 
using Bible-in-Life. Send your request to: 

The Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone (419) 289-1708 

Yes! I want free sample Bible-in-Life materials for the follow- 
ing departments: 

Nursery Kindergarten . Primary 

Primary -Junior Junior 

Junior High Senior High 

Send to: 











































1 — ' 



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•— 1 

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The Brethren 

March 1982 








A message to Brethren youth and adults 
from BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 



After you finish reading this "Briefing," you'll prob- 
ably say to yourself, "Finally, Brelsford has finished 
writing about the FOUR POINT PLAN!" I hope the 
PLAN has given your group plenty of background and 
motivation for greater involvement in National BYC. 
It was a neat feeling when I visited the youth in 
Florida this past December to find that they were al- 
ready familiar with and working on the FOUR POINT 

This month's article will give a briefing of our Na- 
tional BYC Council meeting, which was held last De- 
cember 5. As you know, the BYC Council is composed 
of our National BYC officers, presidents and represen- 
tatives from each district, and the Board of Christian 
Education administrators. The Council serves as a 
body to formulate recommendations for our National 
BYC Convention and to provide coordination between 
BYC and the Board of Christian Education. 

The first thing I would like to report about the 
December meeting was that we had no old business to 
finish before we began the new! This was possible be- 
cause we had finished all items of business at our Con- 
vention last August. There weren't any loose ends to 
tie up, which freed Council to spend more time plan- 
ning ahead. 

The report of our Budget and Project Committee re- 
sulted in a recommendation that, if approved at the 
Convention, will make our goal-setting a lot more re- 
sponsive to our Ingathering each year. In the past 
we've set our goal by allotting specific amounts to 
each part of our budget. Whatever those allotments 
added up to was our Ingathering goal. 

Several members of Council expressed their concern 
that we have fallen short of our goal the past few 
years — which has been a little disappointing. There- 
fore, after sharing views on this matter, Council ac- 
cepted the following proposal to recommend for next 
year's Ingathering goal. 

First, the total goal was set at $13,000. We felt that 
this would be both reachable and challenging. Then, 
each item in the budget was given an allotment as a 
percentage of the total goal of $13,000. According to 
this proposal, no matter how much money is collected 
at the Ingathering, whether it's above or below our 
goal, each item in the budget will receive the percent- 
age determined by and accepted by the youth. 

The Guidelines Committee, in its report to the 
Council, proposed a set of ten Guidelines to challenge 
youth groups to greater participation in National 
BYC. Along with these challenges, the committee is 
preparing a plan to recognize at the Convention those 
youth groups that have met each guideline during the 

The Convention Evaluation Committee brought sev 
eral recommendations and suggestions to improve the | 
BYC Convention. This important committee really 
benefited from the extra time gained by not having to 
spend time on old business. Their suggestions dealt 
with everything from curfew hours, the possibility of a 
youth dorm, small group Bible studies, recreation, and 
the Prayer Partner Program, to Christian entertain- 
ment in the form of a concert or performance by a con- 
temporary Christian artist. 

The final committee report was brought by the Con- 
stitutional Review Committee. The National BCE has 
moved to include the BYC Moderator as a member of 
the Board. A proposal of the Conference Review Com- 
mittee will update our Bylaws to include this new re- 
sponsibility for the BYC Moderator in our BYC Con- 

Keep in mind that the youth will act upon the 
recommendations of the BYC Council at the BYC 
Convention. At that time you will have the opportun- 
ity to accept, reject, or amend the proposals. Also re- 
member the importance of registration, since we've 
extended full participation to all registered BYC 
members who attend the Convention. 

This is a brief description of those things that took 
place at our December BYC Council meeting. I en- 
courage everyone to watch for more details in further 
BYC Briefings as our Convention approaches. Let 
BYC continue to inspire us to great works through our 
faith in Jesus Christ. 

BCE needs youth dorm parents 
for General Conference week 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of Christian Education 
has announced that it is seeking 10-12 adult couples 
(or 20 single adults) to serve as dorm parents in ex- 
change for free housing during General Conference 
week, August 9-13. 

Several floors of one dorm will be reserved for youth 

Instead of having adults "sponsors" for each young 
person, as in past years, the dorm parents will be re- 
sponsible for the youth on their floor. The adults will 
supervise activities and serve as counselors. 

Dorm parents would be expected to be in the dorm 
from approximately 10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m. each 
night, and to stay throughout the entire Conference 

Persons interested in serving in this capacity may 
contact Charles Beekley or Julie Schiefer at the Board 
of Christian Education office (524 College Avenue, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805; phone 419-289-1708). 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75c 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
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Authors' views are not necessarily those 
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Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
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Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


"So we fix our eyes not on 
what is seen, but on what is un- 
seen. For what is seen is tem- 
porary, but what is unseen is 
eternal. " 

II Corinthians 4:18, NIV 

Clipper Art Service photo 

Vol. 104, No. 3 

March 1982 

My Bible Has a Hole in It 

Birdie L. Etchison has turned so often to the Book of Philip- 
pians for daily help that she has almost worn out the pages. 

The Logans in Medellin 

Most of us don't get to visit our missionaries in their overseas' 
homes, but John Maust had just such an opportunity. In this 
article he tells about his visit with the Logans in Medellin. 

The Night the Lights Went Out 

Evelyn Witter relates two incidents of power failure — one phys- 
ical, the other spiritual. 

World Missions 

10 One Body . . . Even the World! 

Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham connects our current denominational 
theme with our continuing responsibility to reach the world for 

11 New Brethren Church in Mexico City 

A report of the official organization of the first Brethren church 
in Mexico City, oy Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham. 

12 Roll Out the Truck . . . 

Here Comes the Church 

Rev. Raymond Aspinall tells how a cattle truck provided the 
Brethren congregation in Colon, Argentina, the solution to its 
need for a larger building. 

13 A Letter From the Lois 

David and Jenny Loi share about their move to Johore Bahru 
and the new ministry they have begun there. 

14 Bearing Witness in India 

Rev. K. Prasanth Kumar describes the various means the 
Brethren Mission is using to spread the gospel message in 

15 Money and Missions 

The task of evangelizing the world requires consecrated — 
even sacrificial — giving, says Rev. James Black. 

» «»» i 

2 BYC Briefing 

16 The Salt Shaker 

17 Update 

March 1982 

My Bible Has a Hole in It 

For Birdie L. Etchison, Philippians is more than a book of the 
Bible. It's a personal letter with truths that have become a part 
of her everyday life. 

MY BIBLE has a hole in it. It's where 
Philippians ought to be. In the past few 
years, I've turned to the four short chapters 
of this book so many times, I've nearly worn 
out the pages. 

I know Paul wrote this epistle to the 
people of Philippi while he was in prison. But 
his letter is filled with so much love and has 
such depth, I like to think he wrote it espe- 
cially to me. Maybe it's because sometimes I 
feel I'm in prison — a prison of confusion, de- 
spair, and fear. 

The day my husband came home saying he 
didn't love me anymore was the day I fell 
into my prison of despair. How could I ever 
make it on my own? My life was over. Even 
though I was a Christian, thoughts of suicide 
crowded my mind. 

Ms. Etchison is a free-lance writer living in 
Portland, Oregon. 

I know I would have lost my one shred of 
sanity if I hadn't turned to Philippians 4:13: 
"I can do all things through Christ who 
strengthens me." I don't know how many 
times I said those ten words in the days that 
followed. "I can do all things through 
Christ who strengthens me." What would I 
have done if Christ had forsaken me? But He 
didn't, even though I had certainly forsaken 
Him in the past. 

Soon I noticed the more I prayed and read 
the Scriptures, the more strength I had, as 
old feelings of pity and self-doubt began fad- 
ing into the past. I know now that God al- 
lows these adverse things to happen so that 
He can draw us closer to Him — back into the 

In Philippians 3:1, Paul tells us to "rejoice 
in the Lord." Rejoice in the Lord! Then 
again in 4:4 he says, "Rejoice in the Lord al- 
ways; again I will say, Rejoice." 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Rejoicing in the Lord was apparently a 
pretty important concern of Paul's. Whether 
we are in a real prison, in a home filled with 
hate, or in any adverse situation, we must 
rejoice and praise God. The more we rejoice, 
the more He blesses us. And when thoughts 
of Him flow through our minds, sorrow and 
despair just don't have room to abide in us. 

When it became apparent that I would be 
the head of my household, with four children 
to rear, the terrible fear closed in on me 
again. How could I manage? I'd never even 
worked before! How could God let this hap- 
pen? But I knew God had a purpose behind 
all this; He had His reasons. Then I turned to 
Philippians 4:6 and read, "Have no anxiety 
about anything, but in everything by prayer 
and supplication with thanksgiving let your 
requests be made known to God." 

Have no anxiety about anything. Paul 
didn't say some things. He said anything. 
This can include anything from a job to your 
children's welfare; from not having enough 
money to whether you can make it to the 
store before it closes. 

But Paul states a condition. We must pray 
about everything and be thankful in every- 
thing. Then when we make our requests 
known to God, He will enable us to overcome 
our worries. 

I think of Paul in prison and how worried 
he could have been. But he knew he belonged 
to Christ. He wouldn't let himself worry 
about anything. He would continue to pray 
and give thanks and let his requests be made 
known to God. 

Paul goes on to say in Philippians 4:19, 
"And my God will supply every need of yours 
according to his riches in glory in Christ 

Oh, how many times I read and reread 
that verse. And God will supply every 
need. That meant I didn't have to worry 
about the electric bill that didn't get paid, or 
the empty cupboard, for my God would sup- 
ply every need. 

And He has! Every time I've found myself 
down to my last nickel, I've received money 
from some unexpected source. Many times 
money has come in the mail anonymously, 
and it's always been just the amount I 

Another vital lesson I learned was from 
Philippians 2:4. "Let each of you look not 
only to his own interests, but also to the in- 
terest of others." Every time I got depressed 
because I felt I was the only one with real 
problems, the Lord chose that time to show 

me a family with more needs — a woman with 
more heartbreaks; children with physical 
handicaps. That started me thinking about 
others and really praising God for what I 

I feel the Lord wants us to be concerned 
not only about our fellow brothers and sisters 
in Christ, but also about those who don't yet 
know Him. Many times we have an oppor- 
tunity to help or witness to others through 
their needs. 

How do we come to our Lord with 
thanksgiving? Paul tells us how in Philip- 
pians 2:10-11: ". . . that at the name of Jesus 
every knee should bow, in heaven and on 
earth and under the earth, and every tongue 
confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory 
of God the Father." 

We must not only believe that Jesus is 
Lord, we must confess His Lordship with 
our tongues. We can't keep it to ourselves. 
By confessing that Jesus Christ is Lord, we 
bring glory to God our Father. 

Before tragedy struck, I had been going 
my own way, certain that I had all the an- 
swers. Sure, I believed in God. I had accepted 
Him as my Savior. But that was long ago, 
and Christ just wasn't that real to me any- 
more. I had become part of the world. 

But even in this, Paul had a message for 
me. It is in Philippians 2:14-17: "Do all 
things without grumbling or questioning, 
that you may be blameless and innocent, 
children of God without blemish in the midst 
of a crooked and perverse generation, among 
whom you shine as lights in the world, hold- 
ing fast the word of life, so that in the day of 
Christ I may be proud that I did not run in 
vain or labor in vain." 

Oh, how I failed that one! I grumbled con- 
stantly, questioned everything. I sure 
wasn't shining as a light in the world, nor 
had I held fast the word of life. I had failed in 
so many things. But with God's help and 
strength I can and will do all things. 

Yes, I have learned so many beautiful 
truths from Philippians. Let me mention just 
one more. In chapter 4, verse 8, Paul says, 
"Finally, brethren, whatever is true, what- 
ever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever 
is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is gra- 
cious, if there is any excellence, if there is 
anything worthy of praise, think about these 

That's how I hope to pattern my life. It 
isn't an easy task, but with the Lord on my 
side, and if I rejoice in His name, it can be 
done. Hallelujah, it can be done! [t] 

March 1982 

The Logans in Medellin 


John Maust 

TTTe Brethren usually meet our mission- 
V Varies at slide shows, missions banquets, 
or General Conference. It's hard to imagine 
them in their "natural habitat." 

But I recently had the good fortune to visit 
Brethren missionaries Mark and Chantal 
Logan and children in their Medellin, Colom- 
bia, home. 

While visiting the Logans, I saw first of 
all that, yes, missionaries are real people. 
Visitors to the Logan home can watch car- 
toons with Rebecca, 10, John Mark, 8, and 
Lawrence, 6. (Have you ever heard Fred 
Flintstone speak Spanish?) They can tap 
their toes to Mark's recorded bluegrass music 
and watch him play in a city softball league. 
Or they can try to keep up with busy Chan- 
tal, who besides her various ministries, ac- 
complishes everyday tasks such as keeping 
ahead of the dirty laundry and feeding a 
hungry family (including visitors who have 
an uncanny knack of arriving at mealtime). 

But visitors to the Logan home also realize 
immediately that Mark and Chantal are at 
the center of evangelical ministry to the city 
of Medellin. Mark heads an audio-visual 
ministry, SERVICOM, which puts him in 
contact with Christian leaders across this 
city of two million people. 

SERVICOM is most in demand for its li- 
brary of Christian films, and Mark estimates 
that at least 1,000 viewers monthly see one 

John Maust is a free-lance writer, originally 
from Nappanee, Indiana, where he was a member 
of the First Brethren Church. For three years he 
served as assistant news editor of Christianity 
Today magazine, but left the magazine last June to 
write and explore other career possibilities. For the 
past several months he has been traveling in Cen- 
tral and South America, doing free-lance writing. 
He plans to return to the U.S. in April. 

Mark and Chantal Logan 

of the group's movies. Nearly every day 
Mark can be found somewhere in the city — 
at a church, hall, or other facility — showing 
a film. He hopes soon to train a corps of 
young projectionists who can take over some 
of this work from him. 

The films have opened an exciting minis- 
try to "evangelical" Catholics in Medellin. 
Mark estimates that half the requests for 
film showings come from Catholic groups. 
These are films such as the Billy Graham 
Association's "Lucia," which includes a forth- 
right presentation of the message of salva- 
tion and the gospel. 

Most of Mark's work, however, is with the 
city's evangelical pastors. He's an organizer 
and leader of an interdenominational pas- 
tors' group known as AMEM. About 45 pas- 
tors meet each Wednesday morning for fel- 
lowship. They sometimes promote evangelis- 
tic campaigns, and they also have a jail 

Both Mark and Chantal assist the four 
Brethren congregations in Medellin wherev- 
er they are needed. These congregations form 
the Iglesia Colombiana de Los Hermanos (the 
Colombian Brethren Church), and have a 
total active adult membership of about 75. 

Chantal also helps with the Brethren con- 
gregation of Quechua Indians. The Quechuas 

The Brethren Evangelist 

A visitor to the 
Logan home real- 
izes immediately 
that Mark and 
Chantal are at 
the center of 
evangelical min- 
istry to Medellin. 

Chantal with her and Mark's three children, Lawrence (6), John 
Mark (8), and Rebecca (10). 

came to Medellin from Ecuador, in order to 
sell their crafts. Since coming, some have 
found the Lord. 

Many of these people have marital and 
family problems, so Chantal spends much 
time in personal counseling. Indeed, in 
Mede.llin and other parts of Latin America, 
family relationships is an area of many prob- 
lems. Husbands often have lovers, and, in 
fact, sometimes seek them as a badge of 
machismo. As a result, adultery is sometimes 
considered more acceptable than divorce. 

Violence is another problem in Colombian 
homes. It occurs between husbands and 
wives and between parents and children. 
"This physical violence is a way of life in 
some families," Chantal said, "and isn't 
necessarily regarded as bad. I've even had 
to tell some new believers, 'Listen. You can't 
be a Christian and keep on hitting your 
wife.' " 

Chantal tries to make herself available for 
personal and family counseling, and she is 
frequently invited to speak at Christian con- 

Mark explains the ministry of SERVICOM to an 
interested Colombian. 

ferences and young people's meetings. She 
notes that personal counseling takes time, 
especially since Latinos are people-oriented 
rather than time-oriented. "You can't just 
visit and leave right away," she explains. 

Brethren mission work began in Colombia 
some eight years ago. Medellin was chosen 
because of its rapid growth (it's now Colom- 
bia's second largest city), and because it was 
markedly lacking in evangelical strength. 

By all accounts, evangelical ministry faces 
tough going in this city. Medellin is the 
center of conservative Roman Catholicism in 
Colombia. Evangelicals are no longer perse- 
cuted, but neither are they openly welcomed. 

Observers say that Medellin residents 
don't seem open to spiritual things and are 
very self-reliant. "Everyone says this part of 
the country is the hardest for evangelical 
work," Mark noted. In fact, it is estimated 
that less than one-half of one percent of the 
city's population is evangelical. 

But progress is being made. The Logans 
are excited about the developing leadership 
among Colombian workers and pastors. 

"We (the Brethren) were extremely fortu- 
nate to get Luis Mendoza," said Mark, in 
reference to the new president of the Breth- 
ren churches. 

Before leaving the Colombian field, Ken 
Solomon, who founded Brethren work in 
Medellin, persuaded Mendoza to join the 
Brethren effort. Mendoza now gives pastoral 
supervision to two of the four congregations 
and provides the wisdom and Christian 
maturity the young churches need. 

Mendoza served 20 years in Colombian 
Wesley an churches, and for a time was the 
denomination's superintendent. A recognized 
leader citywide, he's a former president of 


March 1982 

While we think of Mark and 
Chantal as our missionaries to 
Colombia, they would probably 
prefer that we see them just as 
fellow Christians who happen 
to be serving the Lord in 
another land. 

AMEM and its current vice-president. 

In the office of SERVICOM, Colombian ad- 
ministrator Luz Dary is taking on increasing 
responsibilities. A recent university grad- 
uate, she first got interested in SERVICOM 
after attending one of its film showings. She 
got involved in the ministry soon after. 

The Logans are concerned that mis- 
sionaries from the U.S. and other countries 
place themselves in servant roles rather than 
in dominant positions with the Colombian 
believers. They've seen the problems that 
have resulted when missionaries have uni- 
laterally imposed their programs and 
budgets and have generally paternalized the 

They point out that when new Brethren 
missionaries Bob and Juanita Dillard arrive 
later this year, the couple's responsibilities 
will be determined only after agreement is 
reached with them, the Brethren mission, 
and the Colombian churches.* 

The Logans prefer being looked upon by 
the Colombians as fellow believers. In fact, 
they feel uncomfortable when introduced as 
"the missionaries." 

"I've met some people who think of them- 
selves first as missionaries and second as 
Christians. I sometimes feel like saying, 
'Let's forget we're missionaries and just be 
Christians.' " 

But then, the Logans don't exactly fit the 
missionary stereotype. Mark, raised in a 
Brethren church in Virginia, first met Chan- 
tal, from France, while both were working at 
a camp in Spain. 

The tri-lingual couple got involved in mis- 
sions without the formal language school and 
trappings some missionaries must go 
through. After finishing engineering school, 
Mark heard about the need for a technician 

*Bob and Juanita Dillard are scheduled to 
arrive in Medellin around May 1, resident visas 
permitting. Their first child, Lucas Aaron, was 
born January 9, 1982. The Dillards are presently 
in Sarasota, Fla. 


Mark with Luis Mendoza. Rev. Mendoza is pres- 
ident of the Brethren churches in Colombia, and 
gives leadership to two of the congregations. 

at the Brethren recording studios in Argen- 
tina. He and Chantal met John Rowsey, 
former Brethren missionary to Argentina, at 
an Ohio Turnpike toll plaza restaurant, and 
they discussed the possibility of the Logans' 
spending two years in Argentina to fill this 

Since they already knew Spanish, the 
Logans left shortly thereafter. They wound 
up spending three years in Argentina. Then, 
after a short time in the States, they went to 

It's been a busy five years. Mark served 
two years as president of the Colombian 
Brethren Churches and built SERVICOM 
from the ground up. Physical problems in the 
last year slowed him down. He suffered a 
ruptured disk, which placed him in bed for 
three weeks, a broken leg, and then a bout 
with amoeba. 

Because of his father's rash of ailments, 
John Mark recently made the somber pro- 
nouncement to Chantal, "Mommy, Satan is 
trying to destroy our family." 

But all was back to normal prior to Christ- 
mas — if missionary life is ever "normal." The 
Logans looked forward to the Dillards' arri- 
val and an expanded ministry in the Colom- 
bian churches. 

It may be that one day the Lord will call 
them to France and make use of their French 
language ability, Mark commented. But in 
the meantime, they're excited about assist- 
ing their Colombian Brethren. We think of 
them as our missionaries to Colombia. But 
they would probably prefer that we see them 
not as missionaries, but just as Mark and 
Chantal, fellow Christians who happen to be 
serving the Lord in another land. [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Night the 
Lights Went Out 

by Evelyn Witter 

THE STORM whirled and circled around 
our farmhouse one bitterly cold night. 
But it didn't concern us. We were all happy 
and comfortable in the living room. 

My husband, Bill, well-fed and bedroom- 
slippered, sat deep in his favorite chair in 
drowsy contentment. Teenage Jim was at the 
desk, doing his geometry assignment, while 
little Louise was happily engaged in putting 
a flannelette nighty on her favorite dolly. I 
popped another bowl of popcorn and brought 
in more apples. 

Then — suddenly — the lights went out! 

Gone was Bill's tranquillity. "If this lasts 
long," he shouted into the darkness, "the cat- 
tle will be out of water." 

Jim jumped up, knocking over his chair. 
"I've got to finish this geometry, Dad! What 
can I do?" 

Louise whimpered — she couldn't see her 
dolly in the darkness. 

I misjudged distance and dropped the pop- 
corn on the floor. 

Only seconds after the lights went out, 
fear, confusion, and worry had replaced the 
contentment in our home. 

I stumbled to the kitchen and found a stub 
of a candle. Its flickering light helped us re- 
gain our composure. But not until hours 
later — when the lights came on — did we be- 
come our usual selves again. 

As the days passed, I almost forgot this in- 
cident. My mind was occupied with the chil- 
dren, both of whom became very ill with a 
virus infection. As their temperatures rose, I 
became desperate with fear. Even though I 
carried out the doctor's orders to the letter, I 
felt as if I were stumbling around in the 

As the hours wore on and their fevers 
didn't break, a gloomy distress took hold of 
me. I was lost in the misery of the ordeal. 
Were we going to lose our children? The doc- 
Mrs. Witter is a free-lance writer living in 
Milan, Illinois. 

tor's words rang in my mind: "We must bring 
those temperatures down, or else . . . ." 

Then a storm set in, matching in its 
tumult the misery in my mind. 

Bill said, in a low, choked-up voice, "If it 
kicks up a heavy snow, Doc won't be able to 
get through." 

"Let's pray, Bill," I said. 

As we prayed together in our living room, 
it seemed that the storm did its best to chal- 
lenge our faith. 

"Father in Heaven," I prayed, "hear us. Be 
near to us. Take our hands and lead us, that 
we may have hope and faith and trust in 

Suddenly I felt a sputtering candle-flame 
of faith flickering in the recesses of my mind. 
The grip of fear began to loosen. I began to 

It was then I remembered the earlier 
storm, when the power had failed and the 
lights went out. Is that what had happened 
to us now, I wondered? Had the power of my 
faith gone out, leaving me to grope in confu- 
sion, fear, and uncertainty? 

While I sat there contemplating those 
thoughts, I once again established complete 
contact with God. As love flowed in, the full 
power of faith was restored. I was no longer 
afraid. I knew the Lord was with me, and I 
put all my trust in Him. 

Our doctor got through — despite the 
snow — and ministered to the children's 
needs. By the time the storm had spent itself, 
their fevers, too, had subsided. 

Since that experience, I have guarded 
against spiritual power failure. I don't want to 
live my days in the uncertainty of a flutter- 
ing, candlelight faith. I want it to shine each 
day with a full and luminous brilliance! [t] 




March 1982 

World Missions 

One Body 

THE LOVE OF GOD embraces all the 
world. God cares for people everywhere, 
regardless of their nationality, age, social 
status, educational level, or any other dis- 
tinction. The most inclusive expression of 
God's love was the giving of His Son, that all 
who trust in Him might have eternal life. 
Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift! 

Our denominational theme for this year 
centers on "Members in One Body" (Romans 
12:4). This theme puts strong emphasis on 
our unity in diversity. While recognizing the 
diversity of the functions of the church's 
members, we still maintain that we have a 
vital unity under the headship of Christ our 
Lord. Whether it is a local congregation, a 
national denomination, or a worldwide body 
of believers, the church must function in the 
unity of its members in order to fulfill the 
purposes of God. 

Our Brethren denomination needs the best 
efforts of each of its members at every level 
of life, according to God's abundant provi- 
sion. We are to be strong in the Lord and in 
the power of His might, complementing one 
another's function for the exaltation of Jesus 
Christ and the sharing of His Good News. 

A caring body of believers bears witness 
that God's love is working in and through 
them. This results in a winsome witness, 
which, when shared outside the body, has a 

Rev. Ingraham is Executive Director of the Mis- 
sionary Board of the Brethren Church. 




by M. Virgil Ingraham 

strong appeal for people who are faced with 
crisis or inner turmoil. People need to know 
that they can experience a better life in 
Christ by depending upon the resources that 
God alone can provide. 

A good illustration of how this works oc- 
curred on one of our mission fields. A young 
man was attracted to Jesus Christ by the 
vibrant testimony of a friend, whose life had 
been transformed by his walk with Jesus. 
The young man became a Christian and en- 
tered into a life of rich fellowship with other 
believers. Soon he began to serve the Lord. 
Being a gifted person, he was given oppor- 
tunities for service and positions of responsi- 

Then a time came when this young man 
yielded to temptation, violated his trust, and 
embezzled a sizable amount of money. This 
led to other sins, which put a severe strain 
on his marriage. 

The church leaders confronted this man 
with his sins, and in time he repented and 
asked for forgiveness. He has now found for- 
giveness, his relationships at home are being 
restored, and he is making restitution for 
what he stole. In all this, the godly love and 
care the church has extended to him has 
been important to his spiritual development. 
The love and concern that first attracted him 
to the Lord is now being extended in the dis- 
cipleship process, and is bringing him to 
spiritual maturity. 

"One Body . . . Even the World" speaks of 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the fact that the church must reach beyond 
its own local body and encompass the whole 
world for Christ. Our task is to share Christ 
and His message of salvation with all people 

As individual Christians, we grow in 
Christ within the local church. The local 
church, in turn, grows as it reaches into the 
community. And, as a further extension, the 
many local churches of our denomination 
join together in missionary endeavor, reach- 
ing out collectively with an effectiveness that 
could never be achieved by one or a few con- 
gregations. This is Brethren World Missions 
in action. 

In this time of emphasis on World Mis- 
sions, let us bear in mind that as "Members 
in One Body," each of us needs to function to 
full capacity in order for us to have a fruitful 
ministry. The church is called to go into all 
the world with the life-giving gospel. Some 
are called to go personally. Others are called 
to go through intercessory prayer — uphold- 
ing those who go and those to whom they are 
sent — and through giving, even sacrificial 
giving, if need be. 

As we have been called, let us go, pray, 
and give. Indeed, we are one body. But as one 
body . . . even the world is our concern, just 
as it was the concern of Christ. 

New Brethren Church in Mexico City 

by M. Virgil Ingraham 

SUNDAY, January 17, 1982, was a 
great day for our Brethren in 
Mexico City. During the evening 
hours of that day, members and 
friends of three "house churches" 
gathered in the Colonia Popular Santa 
Teresa section of that great, spread- 
out city for the purpose of being or- 
ganized officially as a Brethren 

The service was led by Rev. Juan 
Carlos Miranda, supervising mission- 
ary of the Mexico work, and by Rev. 
Cirilo Ruiz, the local pastor. The eve- 
ning included singing, prayer and 
praise, a dedication of babies, and a 
time when the believers renewed their 
commitment to Christ and the Breth- 
ren Church. The solemn signing of 
their charter membership was an impressive 
conclusion to this noteworthy occasion. 

Our Brethren work is located in a new sec- 
tion of that huge city. This area, over which 
molten lava once flowed, is not the easiest 
place for building a new development. Al- 
though the government, in its planning for 
the future, has laid out the streets, these are 
barely discernible. Some people have chipped 
out and leveled the rock, then constructed 
their homes with rock walls and concrete 
floors. Others are not that far along, but sim- 
ply live on their sites in makeshift homes. A 
few still live in caves. 

Meetings are held in homes of new believ- 
ers in three areas of this suburb. In this visit 
I was encouraged to see the deep devotion of 

On Jan 
pray, and 

uary 17, 1982, Brethren in Mexico City came together to sing, 
praise God, and to be formed into a new Brethren church. 

these new believers and the evidence of the 
long and hard work of their pastor, Rev. 
Cirilo Ruiz. 

Formation of a congregation brings to- 
gether these three home groups into one 
body. Their next step will be the purchase of 
a site for constructing their church. These 
people have already set aside nearly $5,000 
for this purpose, which is most commendable 
under their circumstances. 

Our prayer is that this congregation will 
continue to grow with an infusion of new be- 
lievers and that it will develop into a strong, 
mature Brethren church. We also pray that 
in time this congregation will multiply itself 
by forming other new churches in that great 
city, with its millions of unsaved people, [t] 

March 1982 


Roll Out the Truck. . . 
Here Comes the Church 

by Raymond Aspinall 

WHAT do a cattle truck and a church 
have in common? Not much, you will 
probably say. But you would be wrong. At 
least in Colon, Argentina. For there a tractor- 
trailer cattle truck has provided an answer 
to a pressing problem of the Colon congrega- 

This fast-growing congregation had al- 
ready modified its existing building to ac- 
commodate one hundred fifty people. But 
that wasn't large enough. Unfortunately, the 
condition of the old building just wouldn't 
allow for more expansion. 

So the congregation prayed about the mat- 
ter. As they did so, a newly-elected deacon 
made an offer. He had been a trucker, but for 
health reasons was planning to sell his rig. 
He kept this truck in an "L" shaped garage, 
with entrances on two different streets. He 
told the church members that if they were 
interested, they could see if the garage could 
be remodeled and used for worship services. 

The men of the congregation began the 
work of preparing the garage. Needed were a 
new cement floor, interior walls, wiring, bath- 
rooms, a platform, and a baptistry. Since the 
old building is to be used for mid-week serv- 
ices and daily prayer meetings, new pews 
were also needed for the "cattle truck garage." 
Each family has been challenged to purchase 
the materials for a pew, and the men are 
building and varnishing them. When every- 
thing is finished, the new facilities will seat 
over five hundred people. 

Of course, the need for these new facilities 
didn't just happen. Church growth may seem 
to occur spontaneously, but there are always 
several factors that bring it about. In Colon, 
some of the factors are quite evident. 

One of the most important factors was 
strong spiritual leadership. When Pastor 
Eduardo Rodriguez first came to Colon 
nearly five years ago, the church was dis- 
couraged. Eduardo's strong faith, quiet insist- 
ence, and patient preaching ministry took 

Rev. Aspinall is a Brethren Missionary to 

the people's eyes off their own problems and 
built up their faith in Christ. Through his 
constant visitation, evangelistic preaching, 
prayer, and example, the church began to 
come alive. The five home prayer meetings 
grew to eight and then to fifteen, and they 
began to be centers of evangelism. Growth 
was on its way. 

Another factor evident in the growth of the 
Colon church is the participation of the mem- 
bers of the congregation. The church has a 
core-group of members who are aiding the 
pastor in responsible spiritual leadership. 
They are the ones who are leading the home 
prayer meetings, teaching Sunday school, 
helping in administration, and participating 
in other activities. 

But in addition to these, nearly everyone 
in the congregation is involved in church 
growth because everyone is talking about the 
church and about Christ. The new members 
are bringing friends and relatives. The 
young people are talking to their classmates 
and even to their teachers. This sharing is so 
prevalent that new converts are added in 
almost every Sunday service. Evangelist 
Daniel Rosales observed that people come to 
the services already converted and are just 
waiting for the invitation to make public 
their acceptance of Christ. 

The worship service itself is a third factor 
in what is happening in Colon. Each service 
includes a great deal of singing and praise, 
with the congregation actively participating. 
And the sermons are biblical and often 
evangelistic. The excitement of the services 
even makes up for the lack of facilities, for 
recently the pastor reported an attendance of 
over two hundred in the old facilities. Some 
people stood for the entire two-hour service! 

This church has a vision about where it is 
going. It has set definite goals for 1982. One 
of these goals is to double its membership 
from one hundred to two hundred baptized 
members. And that doesn't seem at all im- 
possible. So roll out the cattle truck and 
make room for the church. God and His 
people are on the move in Colon. [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Dear Christian Friends, 

Greetings to you in the name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 

We had a very happy Christmas season. We trust that you enjoyed 
Christmas as much as we did. 

Praise the Lord, we got approval from the police headquarters in 
Penang for our caroling party to go out to visit the Christian homes 
on December 24th. The carolers visited nine homes and were given 
some love offerings, which helped towards Christmas expenses. 

On Christmas Day we had a Christmas service at Ong Joo San 
Church at 10:00 a.m. There were over 100 children and about 50 
youth and adults present. The Sunday school children presented a 
few songs and the BYF presented a drama concerning the birth of 
Jesus. They performed very well. 

That evening we had a carry-in Christmas dinner, which was also 
a farewell party for our family. Pastor Chew and the church mem- 
bers had organized it. We felt sad to leave them after staying in 
Penang for seven years. However, everyone had a lovely time. 

On December 29th all our belongings were sent to Johore Bahru 
by rail, and early the next morning we began our drive there, mak- 
ing several stops along the way. On January 2nd David went to 
claim our belongings. He was disappointed to find that many of our 
things were chipped, dented, or broken. It was a rainy day, and by 
the time we received our belongings, they were wet and dirty. Praise 
the Lord, all the things except the sewing machine are usable after 
cleaning and repair. 

David is involved with ministry in the Chinese High School, which 
has 4,000 students and is the largest private high school in 
Malaysia. This work was started one and one-half years ago, and the 
coordinator wishes to work hand in hand with us. This ministry is 
not affiliated with any church, and it is hoped that through students' 
fellowship, they will eventually come to our Sunday services. 

Stephen has started going to kindergarten nearby, and the pastor 
of the church that has the class is kindly letting him study free of 
charge, except for books and school bus fees. Jenny quit work in De- 
cember and now is sharing in home duties with Mum. 

Please continue to pray for Pastor Chew and his family and their 
work in Penang. Joshua Ting is working with us, and we have con- 
tacted Mr. Khoo Mow-Song, a first-year student at the Singapore 
Bible College, to assist the mission work here on weekends. 

On Saturday evening, January 16, we started a prayer meeting 
among ourselves. We will start Sunday services and a study class at 
our home after the Chinese New Year, which begins this year on 
January 25. 

Please pray for our family, our work, and our fellow-workers, that 
the Lord will grant us wisdom, courage, and power as we serve Him 
in this new field. 

May our Lord continue to bless you abundantly. 

Love from Johore Bahru, Johore 
David, Jenny, and Stephen Loi 

Above left, a baptismal service 
was held September 6, 1981. 
David Loi is at the extreme right in 
the picture. Above right, scene at a 
retreat at Telok Bahang Park on 
August 12, 1981. Jenny and 
Stephen Loi are at the extreme 
right in this picture. 

Footwashing during a Com- 
munion service observed iix 
Penang on September 13. 

Pastor Chew, shown here with a 
Brethren Church sign in Penang, 
will continue the work in Penang 
while David and Jenny expand the 
outreach to Johore Bahru. 

March 1982 


World Missions 

Bearing Witness in India 

by K. Prasanth Kumar 

THE Christ-centered mission of the Breth- 
ren Church in India is to bear witness to 
the Lord — to uphold and spread the saving 
truths of the gospel to the great nation of 
India. We rejoice in the Lord and express our 
grateful thanks to Him for enabling us to 
shoulder this great responsibility. 

A church with prayer is a church with life. 
Therefore, every Friday all the Brethren 
churches of India have prayer meetings 
(Bhagavat Sannidhi) in which they uphold 
the many needy and sick people before the 
throne of God's mercy for His great healing 
and comfort. 

In addition to these weekly prayer meet- 
ings, round-the-clock prayers are conducted 
for three consecutive days during the Breth- 
ren Convention held each year during Janu- 
ary. These times of prayer have contributed 
greatly to the success of God's work here. 
They have enabled the Lord to bless and en- 
large the evangelization program in India 
and to provide the people with spiritual 

Bible study is also important to the 
spiritual life of the church. Therefore Bible 
studies are held every Wednesday. As a re- 
sult, the people are experiencing the power of 
the Holy Spirit. Many isolated villages and 
places are surveyed, and churches are plant- 
ed and nurtured with the word of God. 

The Brethren church at Rajahmundry was filled with young 
people during the two-day Youth Conference held last October. 

Youth are also important to the Brethren 
churches in India. Youth are attracted to the 
Lord during Youth Conferences. At these 
conferences, they hear heart-touching mes- 
sages and heart-rending music. These youth 
are also active in outreach. During the hot 
season, the Brethren Youth go with the 
Youth Director as a Youth Gospel Team to 
visit many villages. They conduct street 
meetings, play musical instruments and 
sing, and visit from house to house, distribut- 
ing gospel tracts and booklets. This has been 
an outstanding part of the youth ministry. 

Sisterhood is also an active group in all 
church activities. They present music for 
Christmas, Easter, and other special pro- 
grams, and collect money for the church by 
selling handicrafts and fancy articles during 
the Thanksgiving Festival. They are nur- 
tured in the word of God by Nirmala. 

The ministry of the church would not be 
complete without the important contribution 
of the women. In Indian culture, it is easier 
for a woman to reach Hindu and Muslim 
women than for a man to do so. Nirmala and 
the church women visit homes, talk to the 
women, and encourage them to pray to the 
Lord for their needs. They also seek to draw 
them into the worship of the Lord. Every 
Saturday a women's meeting is conducted in 
the church building. The messages are 
Christ-centered, Bible-based, and spiritual in 
their appeal. Through these messages, many 
women are brought to a saving knowledge of 

The Lenten season is an important part of 
our ministry in India. During the forty days 
from Ash Wednesday to Easter, cottage 
prayer meetings are held. In the past these 
have yielded the best results in evangelizing 
non-Christian people. They are also recog- 
nized as an excellent means of strengthening 
the faith of the believers. 

Distribution of the word is an essential 

Rev. K. Prasanth Kumar is National Director of Brethren 
Mission in India. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

part of our evangelistic thrust in India. 
Bibles, tracts, and booklets are distributed 
during personal visits, during street preach- 
ing programs, during the Hindu river festi- 
vals, and at the milk center. During 1980-81, 
10 Bibles, 120 New Testaments, 500 gospels, 
450 books, and 38,000 tracts and booklets 
were distributed. 

In addition, the Brethren mission maga- 
zine, Suvarthikudu (Evangelist) is published 
every month with inspiring messages about 
Jesus, written in the Telugu language. This 
publication reaches thousands of people. Gos- 
pel messages are also published in newspap- 
ers and secular magazines, and the gospel is 
proclaimed through visual aids, films, 
filmstrips, and billboards. 

Most of all, we rejoice with a great feeling 

Mrs. Nirmala Kumar, left, with two other leaders of a 
women's meeting held in Rajahmundry last September. 

of gratitude to the Lord for enabling us to 
have 1,663 baptized members in our Breth- 
ren churches in India. [t] 

Money and Missions 

"One Body . . . Even the World!" 

Let us prophesy, let us minister, 
let us exhort, (let us give). 

by James R. Black 

MONEY and Missions . . . That money, as 
well as men, is needed for the task of 
evangelizing the world is obvious. Quite 
naturally, then, along with the appeal for 
men and women to leave home and "go in 
person" comes the necessary companion ap- 
peal to "go by purse." 

We do live in a day of financial difficulty. 
Most of us feel the pinch of inflation and the 
uncertainties of our economy. But God's com- 
mand for world evangelization was not for 
prosperous times or prosperous people alone. 
It always takes consecrated — and often sacri- 
ficial — giving to get the job done. 

The Bible, believe it or not, has a great 
deal to say about Christian stewardship of 
money and things material. But consider just 
one verse of many, Psalm 24:1: "The earth is 
the Lord's, and the fullness thereof . . . ." 
This is more than interesting Hebrew poetry. 
It is an important statement of fact dealing 
with God's ownership of all we "possess." It 
calls us to remember that the earth, and all 
that it contains, belong to God. 

As I understand it, God has never abro- 
gated His claim upon any part of the earth. 
We like to speak in terms of ownership, be it 

Rev. Black is Director of Home Missions and 
Evangelism for the national Missionary Board. 

"my car" or "my house" or "my income." We 
even refer to "my" (or "our") church, without 
realizing what this really means. Certainly 
it is a good thing to belong to a church, but 
does the church belong to us? At best, every- 
thing we claim as a possession is but ours to 
use for a brief time, and then everything is 

The goal of mission planning is to reach 
the world for Jesus Christ. This is often an 
expensive task, and not. always easy to fi- 
nance. But it can be done. It must be done. 
Remember, it is not just the tithe that be- 
longs to God, but everything. God's law of 
giving under grace is found in Matthew 10:8, 
"Freely ye have received, freely give." 

We are truly living in difficult days, and 
none of us knows what is in store for 1982. 
We do know, however, that our world is to be 
reached for Christ. And we really believe 
that the Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church is one means of outreach, a means 
given to us who are Brethren. 

Be much in prayer and give as never be- 
fore that your Missionary Board might reach 
out, as we have been commanded to do, and 
touch a world that is ready for harvest. We 
are indeed "one body," and that "body" must 
include people everywhere. Remember, "God 
so loved the world . . . ." [t] 




March 1982 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Jesus and Women 

IT is most unfortunate that the women's 
liberation movement has overlooked the 
actions of Jesus and has chosen instead to 
condemn the Bible as a compilation of male 
chauvinistic thought. 

In my opinion, Jesus never treated women 
as inferior. In fact, He went against social 
customs in dealing with women. 

During the time of Jesus, women were def- 
initely restricted and treated as inferior. 
Women were not even allowed to study the 
Scriptures. A first century rabbi named 
Eliezer put it bluntly: "Rather should the 
words of the Torah be burned than entrusted 
to a woman. Whoever teaches his daughter 
the Torah is like one who teaches her lascivi- 
ousness." Talk about a male chauvinistic 
pig — this rabbi had swine flu! 

Note some other restrictions on women in 
Jesus' day: (1) Women were not counted in a 
quorum. (2) They could not bear witness. (3) 
A good man (notice good man) would not 
speak to a woman in public. (4) Menstruous 
women were considered unclean, and anyone 
or anything they touched became unclean. 

Jesus, however, repeatedly rejected these 
oppressive customs. He addressed the woman 
at the well. (A rabbi wouldn't even address 
His own wife or daughter in the street!) In 
fact, Jesus often talked to women, even 

Jesus never treated women 
as inferior. In fact. He went 
against social customs in 
dealing with women. 

women of ill repute! He saw them as persons, 
not as members of the opposite sex. The 
woman taken in adultery is a classic exam- 
ple, as well as Mary Magdalene. 

Jesus also boldly taught women the Torah. 
Is it any wonder a male dominated society 
crucified Him? 

In addition, Jesus rejected the Jewish pro- 
hibition against women bearing witness. His 


first resurrection appearance was to Mary 
Magdalene. He commissioned her to bear 
witness to the eleven. But they refused to 
rely on the testimony of a woman and raced 
to the tomb to see for themselves. Male 
chauvinism still warped their thinking! 

Jesus set women free and 
gave them a new perspective 
on life. Is it any wonder, 
then, that women were faith- 
ful to Him to the end? 

Furthermore, it appears that Jesus ac- 
cepted an intellectual role for women, if they 
wanted it. He did not limit woman's place to 
the home. This is evidenced by His visit to 
the home of Martha and Mary. Martha as- 
sumed the typical woman's role — she was 
busy preparing the meal. But Mary assumed 
a "male" role — she sat at Jesus' feet and lis- 
tened to His teaching. When Martha com- 
plained, Jesus refused to stereotype all 
women as "domestic engineers." He treated 
both Mary and Martha as individuals. 

The actions of Jesus clearly contravened 
the customs of His day. He set women free 
(men too) and gave them a new perspective 
on life. In fact, the early church was the first 
place in Jewish society, or the ancient world 
for that matter, where women were consid- 
ered equals. They were looked upon as suita- 
ble companions for men. For the first time 
women were not slaves to be treated like 

The teachings and example of Jesus 
brought revolutionary concepts to the an- 
cient world. His behavior, when studied care- 
fully, appears just as revolutionary today. Is 
it any wonder, then, that women were faith- 
ful to Him until the end? 

So men, where would we be if it were not 
for the women? I wonder if my wife has my 
supper ready? [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Smithville member, John Steiner, named 
Ohio's Outstanding Young Farmer 

Smithville, Ohio — John Steiner, 
an active member of the 
Smithville Brethren Church, was 
recently named Ohio's Outstand- 
ing Young Farmer for 1981-82. 
John will now represent Ohio in 
the national contest in February 

John, a graduate of Ohio Uni- 
versity, farms with his two older 
brothers, David and Carlton, on 
the family farm in the Creston- 
Seville, Ohio, area. The three 
brothers are sons of Mrs. Ruth 
King Steiner and the late Myron 

The Steiners currently own 350 
acres and rent an additional 250. 
They milk 125 cows and have 75 
heifers and calves for replacement 
purposes, making a total head 
count of 200. The brothers raise all 
their own feed, except for a protein 
supplement, which is purchased. 
Soybeans and wheat are raised as 
cash crops. 

John's wife, Patti, is very sup- 
portive of the farm operation. She 
and John have two daughters — 
Julia, nearly three years old, and 

Ohio's Outstanding Young Farmer, John Steiner, with his wife, 
Patti, and their daughter, Julia. 

Susan, five months. Patti is the 
daughter of Owen and Doris Smith 
of Ashland, who are members of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren 

Although farming is a very 
time-consuming occupation, John 

Brethren House Ministries produces 
filmstrip on "learning environments" 

St. Petersburg, Fla. — Brethren 
House Ministries has announced 
production of a new filmstrip with 
cassette tape narration entitled 
"Learning Environments for the 
Church School." The filmstrip pre- 
sents pictures and explanations of 
planned environments to enhance 
learning that the Brethren House 
Team (Bonnie Munson, Jean and 
Phil Lersch) has used at Brethren 
House and other places. 

The filmstrip presents examples 
of the use of color and surprise on 
walls, floors, ceilings, and bulletin 

boards. It also illustrates the use 
of other enticements such as 
mobiles and stitchery, special ob- 
jects, crawl-in places, activity cen- 
ters, and table-top scenes. 

The purpose of the filmstrip is to 
prompt Sunday school teachers 
and Christian educators to con- 
sider ways they too can use their 
surroundings to enhance and sup- 
port their teaching. 

The filmstrip, cassette, and print- 
ed narration are available from 
Brethren House for $12.00, plus 
$2.50 for postage and handling. 

and Patti both find time to attend 
Sunday school, worship services, 
and to serve on boards and com- 
mittees of the Smithville Brethren 
Church. And what's just as impor- 
tant, Barbara Smetzer in an arti- 
cle about the Steiners in the Woos- 
ter, Ohio, Daily Record states that 
"The Steiners wear their faith 
quietly, determinedly, and it 
shines like a beacon in their 
everyday conversations." 

When Ms. Smetzer asked John 
what made his farm successful, he 
replied, "Steinhurst [the family 
farm] is a successful farm because 
of those involved working together 
to achieve common goals." He then 
added, "And the church and fam- 
ily — how can a farm be successful 
without them?" 

Ms. Smetzer summed it up this 
way: "His church, his close family 
ties, and his love of farming are all 
contributing factors to John Dean 
Steiner's rise to Ohio's Outstand- 
ing Young Farmer award." 

March 1982 



Johnstown Third Church holds farewell 
for Rev. and Mrs. Clarence Kindley 

Johnstown, Pa. — On October 13, 
1981, the congregation of the 
Third Brethren Church of 
Johnstown held a farewell party 
for Rev. and Mrs. Clarence 
Kindley. Rev. Kindley, 75, was not 
only leaving the Third Brethren 
congregation, but was retiring 
from the pastoral ministry. 

Floyd Benshoff, moderator of the 
Third Church, served as master of 
ceremonies for the farewell party. 
Several other members of the con- 
gregation also participated in the 
program, which included musical 
numbers and readings. A lunch 
was served, and a cash gift was 
presented to the Kindleys. Approx- 

Rev. & Mrs. Clarence Kindley 

imately 75 people attended the 

Rev. Kindley was ordained to 
the Brethren ministry in 1965, at 

Central District holds Winter Conference 
for inspiration and fellowship 

Davenport, Iowa — On February 
19-20, 42 Brethren of the Central 
District participated in a Winter 
Conference held at the Edge- 
towner Motel in Davenport. The 
conference was a time for spiritual 
inspiration and Christian fellow- 

Dr. Jerry Flora, associate profes- 
sor of Christian theology at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, was 
the Bible speaker for the confer- 
ence. According to Rev. George 
Solomon, Dr. Flora took the par- 
ticipants at the conference on a 
"brief but challenging journey 

David Stogsdill receives 
sportsmanship award 

Bunker Hill, Ind. — David 
Stogsdill, a member of the Loree 
Brethren Church, was the recip- 
ient of the Sportsmanship Award 
at the recent Peru Invitational 
Basketball Tourney. This is the 
second year in a row he has won 
the award. 

David is an eighth grader at 
Maconaquah Middle School in 
Bunker Hill. He is the son of Rev. 
and Mrs. Claude Stogsdill. 

through the Book of Revelation." 
Dr. Flora led the group in an 
exploration of the great worship 
experiences revealed in Revela- 
tion, noting that this book is the 
revelation of Jesus Christ in the 
context of worship. He also said 
that Revelation is a book of Chris- 
tian prophecy in the Hebrew tradi- 
tion, combining doctrine and duty. 
In summing up the conference, 
Rev. Solomon stated, "Both the 
spiritual and physical food were 
nourishing and the fellowship of 
the Brethren satisfying and up- 

Ashland College receives 
$350,000 in gifts 

Ashland, Ohio — During the 
month of February, Ashland Col- 
lege received two large gifts to its 
$7.7 million capital campaign. 

The first of these was a $250,000 
gift from Warren E. Rupp, presi- 
dent and chairman of the board of 
the Warren Rupp Company of 
Mansfield, Ohio. This gift will be 
used for faculty endowment. 

The second gift was an amount 
of $100,000, given anonymously. 

the 1 age of 59. Previous to this he 
had operated grocery stores in 
Roann and Mt. Etna, Indiana, and 
then worked for 18 years as a 
wholesale drug salesman. 

During these years he was an 
active member first of the Roann 
First Brethren Church, and then 
of the North Manchester First 
Brethren congregation. He also 
served in various leadership posi- 
tions in the Indiana district. 

During his 16 years in the ac- 
tive ministry, Rev. Kindley served 
for six years as pastor of the Flora 
First Brethren Church, five years 
at the Corinth Brethren Church, 
and five years at the Johnstown 
Third congregation. 

Following their retirement at 
Johnstown, the Kindleys moved to 
their newly purchased home in 
North Manchester, Indiana. 

— reported by Barbara Rudge 

Masontown team wins 
Bible Quiz contest 
at Pa. youth rally 

Pittsburgh, Pa. — The Winter 
Youth Rally of the Pennsylvania 
District was held January 29-30 at 
the Pittsburgh Brethren Church. 
Youth from various Brethren 
churches in Pennsylvania at- 

Several speakers presented in- 
teresting and inspiring messages. 
As a result of their testimonies, 20 
young people made first-time con- 
fessions of faith or rededicated 
their lives. 

During the rally, teams from 
Berlin, Highland, Vandergrift, 
and Masontown participated in a 
Bible quiz on chapters 8-14 of the 
Gospel of John. The competition 
was won by the team from Mason- 

The Spring Youth Rally of the 
Pennsylvania District is scheduled 
for May 21-23. It will be held at 
the Mt. Olivet Brethren Church in 
Georgetown, Delaware. 

— reported by Lori Perrine 


The Brethren Evangelist 

10,000 Christian leaders 
to gather in Washington 

Virginia Beach, Va. — Rev. John 
Gimenez, National Chairman and 
founder of One Nation Under God, 
Inc., has announced plans for a 
Washington for Jesus Leadership 
Conference '82, to be held in the 
nation's capital on April 29, 1982. 
Ten thousand key Christian lead- 
ers are expected to attend. 

The sponsoring group, composed 
of many of the nation's foremost 
Christian leaders itself, previously 
organized Washington for Jesus, a 
Christian rally on the National 
Mall attended by over 500,000. 

Since that April 29, 1980, meet- 
ing in the nation's capital, One 
Nation Under God, Inc., has pro- 
moted meetings in cities through- 
out the United States through a 
program called America for Jesus. 
To date, at least 46 America for 
Jesus gatherings have been held, 
with over 300,000 participating. 

The predominant theme of each 
America for Jesus rally has been 
the unity of the church, as set 
forth in John 17:21. Humility, re- 
pentance, and prayer have charac- 
terized these meetings. 

"America for Jesus activities 

will continue well into the foresee- 
able future," says Gimenez. "Now 
we feel it is time for America's 
Christian leaders to come together 
and seek God's will for the church. 
As we gather in one accord, we ex- 
pect the Lord to give us guidance 
for the future." 

The Washington for Jesus 
Leadership Conference '82 will be 
held at the D.C. National Guard 
Armory. Among the subjects to be 
discussed will be plans for another 
mass meeting in the nation's capi- 
tal, this time with well over a mil- 
lion participants, on April 29th, 

The Leadership Conference will 
consist of three segments. The 
morning session, directed by the 
Christian Broadcasting Network's 
president, Dr. M.G. (Pat) Robert- 
son, will address the subject of 
America's Christian heritage. 

The afternoon meeting will 
come under the direction of Dr. 
Bill Bright, president of Campus 
Crusade for Christ, and Dr. E.V. 
Hill, pastor of Mt. Zion Missionary 
Baptist Church in Los Angeles. 
The theme of this portion will be 

Six deacons and deaconesses ordained 
at West Alexandria First Brethren 

West Alexandria, Ohio — Three 
couples — Lue and Ceron Painter, 
Brenda and Kent Hamilton, and 
Linda and Al Crumbaker — were 
ordained deacons and deaconesses 
in the West Alexandria First 
Brethren Church on Sunday, Jan- 
uary 31. Rev. Donald Rowser, pas- 
tor of the New Lebanon Brethren 
Church, was in charge of the ordi- 
nation, which was conducted dur- 
ing the morning worship service. 
Following the service, a carry-in 
dinner was shared in the church's 
fellowship room. At this dinner, 
each new deacon and deaconess 
couple was presented a Commun- 
ion kit for their use in serving 
Communion to shut-ins. 

New deacons and deaconesses 
of the West Alexandria Brethren 
Church are (left to right) Lue and 
Ceron Painter, Brenda and Kent 
Hamilton, and Linda and Al 


on April 29 

the evangelization of America's 

The evening segment will fea- 
ture addresses from several of the 
nation's most respected Christian 
leaders, music, and a worship 

The day prior to the Washington 
for Jesus Leadership Conference 
'82, thousands of Christian 
women's leaders will convene in 
the D.A.R. Constitution Hall for 
the National Christian Women's 
Leadership Conference. 

Also on April 28th, Christian 
youth leaders will gather for three 
meetings of the National Chris- 
tian Youth Leadership Confer- 
ence, at the Bible Way Church in 

Dr. J.D. Ha me! reelected to 
Fla. Assn. of Evan, 
board of directors 

Sarasota, Fla.— Dr. J.D. Hamel, 
senior pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Sarasota, was elected to 
another three-year term on the 
board of directors of the Florida 
Association of Evangelicals (FAE) 
at the associations annual meeting 

The meeting was held in con- 
junction with the FAE convention 
held February 1-2 at Warner 
Southern College in Lake Wales, 
Fla. Other Brethren pastors who 
attended this convention were 
Rev. Keith Bennett, pastor of the 
Brandon Brethren Church, and 
Rev. Dale RuLon, pastor of the 
Town and Country congregation. 

Joni Eareckson 
to marry 

Sun Valley, Calif. (EP News)— 
Joni Eareckson, star of the movie 
"Joni" and author of two bestselling 
books, will marry Ken Tada on July 
3, 1982. 

The groom is a high school teacher 
and a coach in the "Special Olym- 
pics" for handicapped youngsters. 

March 1982 



New Lebanon youth play games 
for fun and project 

New Lebanon, Ohio — Twenty- 
seven youth of the Brethren 
Church of New Lebanon partici- 
pated in an "Electronic Game-A- 
Thon" January 15 and 16. The 
purpose of the event was to raise 
money for the National BYC 

The "Electronic Game-A-Thon" 
was scheduled to last 20 hours, but 
only three of the 27 youth — 
Christy Ritter, Troy Carico, and 
Scott Prater — went the distance. 
The other 24 either started late, 
finished early, or took a nap dur- 
ing the marathon. (Apparently a 
"Game-A-Thon" isn't all "fun and 
games." Ed.) 

Devotions were held during the 
"Game-A-Thon" at the three meal 
times and also at the conclusion of 
the marathon. The meals were 
provided by the adult Sunday 
school classes. 

In addition to raising money for 

Hard at play 
are 5 of the 27 
New Lebanon 
youth ifeho par- 
ticipated in 
the "Game-A- 
Thon." The 
purpose of the 
marathon was 
to raise money 
for the national 
BYC project. 

their BYC project, the youth could 
also win prizes for high scores on 
the various games (Cosmic Com- 
bat, Space Invaders, Pac Man, Cir- 
cus Atari, etc.). The winners re- 
ceived tokens to the Electronic 
Game Center in New Lebanon. 
According to Rev. Lynn Mercer, 

World Relief Corporation seeking 
Polish refugee resettlement sponsors 

St. Petersburg, Fla. — Phil 
Lersch, chairman of the Brethren 
World Relief Board, reports that 
the World Relief Corporation 
launched its Polish refugee reset- 
tlement program in January with 
the arrival of 55 Poles. 

Among the sponsors is a woman 
who herself was a Hungarian ref- 
ugee. She and her husband are 
helping a family of three. A 
Chicago doctor, who had assisted 
in bringing eight of his relatives to 
America, is sponsoring his first 

A special World Relief refugee 
assistance coordinator has gone to 
Vienna to help provide aid for the 
80,000 Polish refugees crowded 
into Austrian camps and guest 
houses. Refugees report harass- 
ment, demotion or release from 
jobs, and brutalization by secret 
police for participation in 

Solidarity or refusal to join the 
Communist party. 

World Relief began its Polish re- 
lief efforts in December, helping 
with an emergency supply ship- 
ment for distribution by 20 
evangelical congregations inside 
Poland (reported in the February 
Brethren Evangelist). 

Any individuals desiring addi- 
tional information regarding ref- 
ugee sponsorship, call (toll free) 

Cerro Gordo plans 
revival services 

Cerro Gordo, 111. — Revival serv- 
ices are planned at the Cerro 
Gordo Brethren Church from 
March 21 to March 26. 

Rev. Alvin Grumbling, pastor of 
the Flora, Indiana, First Brethren 
Church, will be the evangelist. 

assistant pastor of the New Leba- 
non congregation, the "Game-A- 
Thon" was a "good activity for fel- 
lowship and money-raising." Rev. 
Mercer said, "I believe the en- 
thusiasm from this activity will 
overflow into our total youth pro- 
gram. Our relationships with one 
another are closer and our times of 
fellowship are deeper since this 

Jerry Flora to speak, 
Benshoffs to play, at 
Sarasota Bible conf. 

Sarasota, Fla. — Dr. Jerry Flora, 
associate professor of Christian 
theology at Ashland Theological 
Seminary, will be the speaker at a 
weekend Bible conference at the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church 
March 12-14. Dr. Flora will pre- 
sent messages from the Book of 

Piano and organ music for the 
services will be provided by Rev. 
and Mrs. W. St. Clair Benshoff, 
who will also present a 20-minute 
concert each evening preceding 
the service. Rev. Benshoff is pastor 
of the College Corner Brethren 
Church, and his wife, Pauline, is 
national president of the Woman's 
Missionary Society. 

Evening services will begin at 
7:00 p.m., and the Sunday morn- 
ing service will start at 10:00 a.m. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Twelve see Brethren Missions in action 
on Mini-Mission Tour 

Pasadena, Calif. — Fellowship- 
ping with Brethren of the His- 
panic Brethren Church in 
Pasadena, seeing the Rose Parade, 
visiting the Crystal Cathedral and 
Disneyland, and worshiping with 
fellow Christians in the Brethren 
mission church in Tijuana, 
Mexico, were a few of the high- 
lights of the Laymen-sponsored 
Mini-Mission Tour held December 
28 to January 4. 

Twelve persons participated in 
the tour, which was led by Jim 
Payne, National Laymen Presi- 
dent, and Rev. Juan Carlos 
Miranda, Director of Hispanic 

The tour began in Pasadena, 
where the group attended a wed- 
ding, a Bible study led by Rev. 
Manuel Rojas, and a New Year's 
Eve celebration directed by Maria 
Miranda, all held at the Hispanic 
Brethren Church. While in the 
Pasadena area, they also visited 
the Crystal Cathedral, Disney- 
land, Hollywood movie studios, 
and the beautiful Pasadena city 
flower garden. 

New Year's Day found them 
along the route of the Rose 




The tour group in Tijuana. Tour members were (front row, left to right) Earl 
Humbarger, Harry Wikle, Phyllis Wikle, (middle row) Blanche Landis, Audrey 
Payne, Martha Humbarger, Maxine Humbarger, Edna Logan, Pauline Hum- 
barger, Devon Humbarger, (back row) Francis Humbarger, and Jim Payne. 

At the Tijuana Brethren Mission 
dren's Sunday school class meets on 
lack of space. 

Parade. Following the parade, 
they enjoyed a noon meal at the 
Miranda home and had an oppor- 
tunity to fellowship with the 
Miranda family and with David 
and Diane Kerner, who are serv- 
ing in the Pasadena congregation 
while preparing at the Fuller Sem- 
inary for further missionary work. 
The next day the group traveled 
to Escondido, Calif., location of the 
Welk Mobile 
Home Village. 
There they vis- 
ited the Welk 
Museum and 
saw a movie of 
this well- 

known musi- 
cian's life. 

Then it was 
on to Tijuana, 
Mexico, where 
they stayed 
two nights at 
LaMesa Inn, 
near the 

Tijuana Breth- 
ren Mission 
Church. On 
Church, this chil- Sunday, Janu- 
a stairway, due to ary 3, the 
group had the 

opportunity to worship and fellow- 
ship with this young, struggling 

According to Mr. Payne, "It was 
great to see this faithful group 
worshiping and rebuilding after a 
damaging split in the spring of 
1981." At that time a Watchman 
Nee group persuaded part of the 
60-member congregation'to leave. 

The tour concluded on Monday, 
January 4, with shopping in 
Tijuana and a visit to the world 
famed Coronado Hotel in San 
Diego. Then the group divided, 
with nine members traveling to 
Los Angeles for a tour of the 
Queen Mary. 

The remaining three — Mrs. 
Logan and Mr. and Mrs. Payne 
— drove to Arizona to visit the 
three Brethren congregations 
there. Then Mrs. Logan flew back 
to Pasadena, to serve as a deaco- 
ness at the very first Communion 
service of the Hispanic Brethren 
Church. The Paynes drove to 
Northern California to visit the 
three Brethren congregations 

According to Mr. Payne, this 
Mini-Mission Tour went so well 
that another is being considered 
for the future. 

March 1982 




Robert and Carrie Kemp, 50th, March 16. Members 
of the Louisville First Brethren Church. 

Donald and Delia Walker, 61, February 24. Mem- 
bers of the Louisville First Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sherman Provines, 65th, February 
10. Members of the Roann First Brethren Church. 


June Grabbie to Tom James, February 14, at the 
Huntington First Brethren Church; James C. Vander- 
mark, pastor, officiating. Attend the Huntington First 
Brethren Church. 

Darlene Phillips to Dennis Harvey, January 9, at 
the Berlin Brethren Church; Ralph E. Mills, pastor, 
officiating. Members of the Berlin Brethren Church. 

Mary Louise Clapper to Charles Scott Beuhanan, 

January 2, at the Louisville Brethren Bible Church; 
Charles Lowmaster, pastor, officiating. Members of 
the Louisville Brethren Bible Church. 

Membership Growth 

Masontown: 2 by transfer 
Lathrop: 11 by baptism 



' 7 urge you to present yourself 
to God as a living sacrifice." 


Urgent. Over 1,000 Christian organizations are suffering critical 
personnel shortages. 28,000 vacancies— right now. All vocations. 
At home and abroad. ■ They need people. How about you? 
■ Find out which openings require someone like you. Contact 
Intercristo. ■ We can show you where you're needed in a 
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Helping Cod's People 

Into Gods Work — Worldwide 

P.O. Box 33487 

Seattle, WA 98133 





Please send me 
information about 
how my skills and 
abilities can be used 
in a Christian 


A Division oj CRISTA Ministries 

In Memory 

Gary Stillwagon, 32, February 23. Member of the 
Masontown Brethren Church. Services by Robert 
Byler, pastor. 

Ralph Swartswalter, 92, February 10. Retired 
minister and member of the Masontown Brethren 

Agnes Brown, 81, February 9. Member of the Flora 
First Brethren Church. Services by Alvin Grumbling, 

Urias Vearl Churchman, 81, February 6. Member of 
the Bryan First Brethren Church. Services by Marlin 
L. McCann, pastor. 

Paul F. Miller, 81, January 27. Member of the Water- 
loo First Brethren Church. Services by Ronald L. 
Waters, pastor. 

Fred Mercer, 72, January 19. Member of the Mason- 
town Brethren Church. 

Edna S. Lichty, 82, January 16. Lifetime member of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services by 
Ronald L. Waters, pastor. 

James Smead, 63, January 15. Member of the 
Ardmore Brethren Church. Services by Brian Moore, 

Melvin H. Bucy, 80, January 14. Member of the 
Cumberland Brethren Church. Services by Ernest 
Billmeyer, pastor. 

Rev. Samuel J. Adams, 83, January 4. Member of 
the Pleasant Hill Brethren Church. Services by Gene 
A. Eckerley, pastor. Rev. Adams was the pastor of the 
Pleasant Hill congregation from 1933 to 1943. Previ- 
ous to that ministry, he had served as pastor of the 
Peru Brethren Church. 

Calendar of Events 

MARCH — World Missions emphasis month 

7 Florida District Conference at the Town and 
Country Brethren Church, Tampa, Florida 
9-11 Brethren Pastors' Conference at Cedarkirk 
Retreat Center, Lithia, Florida 
13-14 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic Disaster 
Relief Workers in Northern Indiana, at 
Kalamazoo, Michigan 
20 Ohio District Conference at the Williamstown 
Brethren Church 
29-30 Statement of Faith Task Force Meeting at the 
Ashland Park Street Brethen Church 

APRIL — World Relief emphasis month 

16-18 Southwest District Conference at the Papago 
Park Brethren Church, Tempe, Arizona 

24-25 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic Disaster 
Relief Workers in Northern Ohio, at Camp 
Inspiration Hills 

MAY — Brethren Youth emphasis month 

7-8 General Conference Executive Committee 

meeting at Park Street Brethren Church 
16 National Youth Sunday 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Numbers alone don't tell the whole 
story, but a growing enrollment is often 
the key indicator of Sunday school vital- 
ity and effectiveness. Gospel Light gives 
you every tool you need for building a 
growing, thriving Sunday school. 

First are the quality teaching mate- 
rials leaders use to build exciting, effec- 
tive lessons. Properly motivated students 
want to go to Sunday school and want to 
bring their friends. You'll see results in 
changed lives with Gospel Light Cur- 

Second are the detailed step-by-step 

instructions Gospel Light Curriculum 
gives you for organizing your classes, re- 
cruiting your teachers, and equipping 
your facilities. We spell out exactly how 
to get maximum use of personnel and 

Third are the knowledge and exper- 
tise available from Gospel Light's Inter- 
national Center for Learning. With over 
10 years experience in training over a 
quarter of a million Sunday school lead- 
ers, ICL seminars and teacher training 
publications provide an exciting resource 
for you. 

Find out more about Gospel Light's Living Word Curriculum by requesting free 
samples for all departments not presently using Gospel Light materials. Send your 
request to: 


The Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 
Phone (419) 289-1708 

Gospel Light Curriculum is endorsed for use in Brethren churches by the Board of Christian Education. 

Yes, I'd like to review Gospel Light's Living Word Curriculum. Send sample materials for the following 
departments on 30-day approval: 

.Babies & Toddlers 



.Ages 2 & 3 

.Children's Church 

.Ages 4 & 5 
.Junior High 

.Senior High 

Send to _ 






One Body 

Even the World! 

Brethren World Missions 

is our March Emphasis. 


is our Current Need. 

Your help is essential if the Brethren witness 

around the world is to be maintained now and 

expanded in future years. 

Please give sacrificially to help supply 

the need. Give through your local church 

or send your gift to: 

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■ ^ The Brethren •« • 


April 1982 


A message to Brethren youth and adults 
from BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 




May is Youth Month in the Brethren Church. To 
highlight this month, the national Board of Christian 
Education has designated Sunday, May 16, as Youth 
Sunday. The purpose of Youth Month is to focus atten- 
tion upon the youth of our denomination and to re- 
ceive support for the Board of Christian Education 
(BCE), which administers our denominational youth 

The BCE registers youth who want to be a part of 
Brethren Youth Crusaders. Registration is the key to 
involvement in the denominational youth program. It 
includes an invitation to our national BYC Conven- 
tion held each August. The Convention is planned and 
run by the BCE. Details on this year's Convention will 
be coming in further "Briefings." Another benefit of 
registration is that each registered BYC member re- 
ceives our national youth magazine, the Morning 
Star, which is published every two months. 

The BCE also serves the denomination through the 
BY Communicator, the Youth Leader's Handbook, and 
the Summer Crusader Program. In addition to the 
Youth program, the BCE administers the Association 
of Brethren Church Teachers and maintains the de- 
nominational audio-visual filmstrip library. 

Brethren Youth have opportunities to fellowship on 
the local, district, and national levels. Being active in 
BYC involves everything from making a personal 
commitment to Jesus Christ to participating in Bible 
studies, raising money for our national BYC Mission 
Project, attending district retreats and rallies, and 
taking part in the National BYC Convention. The 
Brethren Youth organization is a channel through 
which we youth can grow spiritually and serve faith- 
fully our Lord and the Brethren Church. 

This focus on the BCE and youth during Youth 
Month provides an excellent opportunity for Brethren 
to support the future of the Lord's work in the Breth- 
ren Church. The BCE needs finances in order to ad- 
minister the denominational youth program. Registra- 
tion fees and the youth's contribution to the BCE from 
their National Ingathering by no means cover the cost 
of the BCE's service to the denomination. The BCE de- 
pends on the stewardship of members of the Brethren 
Church. As May approaches, consider how the Lord 
may be directing you to be a part of the Brethren 
Youth ministry and let Youth Sunday remind you of 
the love, prayers, and finances the denominational 
youth program needs through the BCE. 

On Youth Sunday congregations are encouraged to 
use their youth in the service or services for that day. 
It's a great way to call attention to Brethren youth 
during the heart of youth month. It's also a super op- 
portunity for young people in your church to use and 

develop their spiritual gifts. So on Youth Sunday, May 
16, encourage and enjoy your youth in each of their 
ministries for the gospel. By doing so, we'll see 
Ecclesiastes 11:1 working in a special way. For as we 
"cast our bread" of time, love, and money upon the 
growth of our youth, it will come back to us in the 
form of their greater service to Christ in the Brethren 

Plans are progressing 
for BYC quiz competition 

Ashland, Ohio — Plans for a national BYC quiz com- 
petition at General Conference are progressing, ac- 
cording to an announcement by the national Board of 
Christian Education. Local churches that have been 
contemplating beginning a quiz program for their 
youth are encouraged to do so now in order that the 
youth may have ample time to prepare for Conference. 

Any Brethren church may begin a quiz program if it 
has three to five interested youth who are in the sixth 
through twelfth grades. If more youth are interested, 
more than one team can be formed from each church. 

According to Mr. Tom Surface, who is coordinating 
the quiz competition for Conference, groups should 
study the first 15 chapters of the Gospel According to 
Matthew in the New International Version of the 
Bible. All competition questions will be based on this 
version. Mr. Surface suggests that if a team begins its 
study in April, it could study one chapter per week, 
with a review on previously studied material every 
eighth week. 

Registration information for the national competi- 
tion will be mailed to youth advisors and pastors via 
the BY Communicator sometime in June. There will be 
a $10 entry fee for each group participating in the 
competition, which will be used to purchase trophies 
and awards. 

To obtain more information on starting a quiz pro- 
gram, write to either Tom Surface (25218 California 
Street, Elkhart, Indiana, 46514) or to the Board of 
Christian Education (524 College Avenue, Ashland, 
Ohio, 44805). 

See page twenty 

for an announcement of 

the 1982 Summer Crusaders 

and Pastoral Interns. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

V "\ The Brethren ^ • . 


In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75C 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 
Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


He is risen! Because He lives, 
we can face today and tomorrow 
knowing that He abides with us. 
And because he arose from the 
dead, we have the promise that 
we, too, shall rise to live eternally 
with Him. 

Vol. 104, No. 4 

April 1982 

4 The Empty Tomb 

Doris Smith shares how she experienced the reality of Christ's 
resurrection anew when she visited the Garden Tomb in 

5 Now a Christian . . . Still an Indian 

Rev. Tom Claus explores what becoming a Christian requires 
of an American Indian. 


Dr. Delbert Flora in Profile 

Cami Bohrer looks at the contributions Dr. Flora's studies in 
the Holy Land have made to his teaching ministry. 

Christ's Agony 

Vicky L. Gilbert uses poetry to express the grief she feels 
when she recalls the agony Christ experienced during his 
betrayal, trial, and crucifixion. 

World Relief 

10 Bangladesh: Fight for Survival 

James L. Johnson tells how Paul Munshi, using World Relief 
aid, helped a group of widows in Bangladesh win the fight for 

12 The Stage is Set 

The time is now, says Phil Lersch, for Brethren churches to 
respond to the 1981 General Conference resolution to assist 

14 Alternative Gift Giving 

By buying gifts from the sources Erica Weidenhamer lists, you 
not only get a meaningful gift, but you are helping people help 

15 What More Can You Do? 

Practical suggestions of ways Brethren can become more in- 
volved in helping the needy of our world. 

2 BYC Briefing 
17 Update 
26 The Salt Shaker 

I ■»» 4 


On behalf of the pastors who attended pastors' conference, I would like to 
thank the churches who made it possible for them to enjoy a wonderful confer- 
ence in Lithia, Florida. Many churches gave their pastors extra time to enjoy a 
few days together with their families. Many churches and individuals also 
helped their pastors in a financial way to attend the conference. 

Thank you for helping your pastor have a chance to relax, enjoy fellowship 
with other pastors, and to be renewed. I am sure that he returned to you a 
more refreshed pastor physically and spiritually. 

Elder William Kerner, Director of Pastoral Ministries 
(See the article about the conference and a picture on page 18.) 

April 1982 

photo by Owen Smith 
'Gordon's Tomb," located outside 
the old city walls of Jerusalem. 

The Empty 


by Doris Smith 

IT was in the freshness of a Lord's Day 
morning that I went back to the Gar- 
den Tomb. I breathed deeply the delicate 
fragrance of dewy roses close by. I sensed 
the hush that attends the experience of a 
pilgrim viewing the empty tomb. 

In my mind's eye I saw "a young man . . . 
clothed in a long white garment," the garb 
of a heavenly messenger. 

"Be not affrighted," I heard him say. "Ye 
seek Jesus of Nazareth ... he is risen .... 
go your way, [and] tell . . ." (Mark 16:6). 

I stepped closer to the gaping mouth 
of the sepulcher. This, then, is Jesus' tomb, 
"hewn out of a rock," as Mark recounts in 
his Gospel. This, many believe, is 

Mrs. Smith is a member of Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland. She and her husband, Owen, visited 
the Garden Tomb while in Israel in 1968 and in 1978. 

the rock to which Peter ran when Mary 
Magdalene reported breathlessly the amaz- 
ing fact that His body was missing. 

I stooped down and peered in, just as 
Peter must have done: "Stooping, he peered 
in and saw the empty linen wrappings; and 
then he went back home again, wondering 
what had happened" (Luke 24:12, TLB). 

Why had Peter been puzzled — Peter, one 
of the three closest to Christ? Had he for- 
gotten so quickly Jesus' words that the Son 
of man must be betrayed into the power of 
evil men and be crucified, but that he would 
rise again on the third day? 

Had Jesus looked directly at Peter when 
he said "betray" and "crucify"? Did Peter 
now remember fragments of conversation? 
"You will all fall away because of me this 
night." How convincing had Peter been, 
when, captured by the steadfast gaze of 
Christ, he had tried to assure Him that 
"even if all fall away ... I never will"? 

"I tell you the truth," Jesus had 
answered, "this very night, before the roost- 
er crows, you will disown me three times" 
(Matt. 26:34, NIV). And it happened just as 
Jesus said, in spite of Peter's bold pro- 
nouncement, "Even if I have to die with 
you, I will never disown you" (v. 35). 

This is the Peter who later said, "But it is 
no shame to suffer for being a Christian." 
(I Pet. 4:16, TLB). It is the same Peter who 
later preached the solidarity of spiritual 
houses built with Christ as the cornerstone 
(I Pet. 2:6 ff). 

I feel a kinship to Peter with his weak- 
nesses — his impulsiveness, his tempetuous- 
ness, his fear. When in humanness I err, 
like Peter, I'm denying Him. While walking 
on waters of faith, when I, like Peter, take 
my eyes off Jesus and start to sink in de- 
spair, He rescues me. 

Like Peter, I have a bond with my Savior 
that no one can sever, because "He brought 
me up also out of an horrible pit . . . and set 
my feet upon a rock . . ." (Ps. 40:2). 

Yes, Peter and I both have looked into 
the empty tomb. Peter, who questioned at 
first, later looked directly into the eyes of 
Jesus (Luke 24:34) and believed that He 
had risen. 

I, floundering helplessly, was gently lifted 
up and one day came face to face with my 
Savior. And so, when I looked again, years 
later, into that empty tomb, a joy swept 
over my soul, because He is not here. He is 
risen! And because He lives, we shall live 
also! That is the excitement of Easter! [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Now a Christian . . . 

by Tom Claus 

WHEN Sankee, a Kiowa Indian tribal 
leader, became a Christian in the 
mid-1800s, he wanted to be baptized. This 
enraged his brother, Tonakot, who was a 
peyote priest and followed the old religion. 

"I can't let you forsake our father's reli- 
gion," he spat at Sankee in front of a large 
crowd. "On the day you are to be baptized, 
we will find out whose God is stronger. If 
mine is more powerful, you will die. If yours 
is, I will die." 

Having known the supernatural power of 
Tonakot's spirits, Sankee understood that 
this was a very serious threat. Frightened, 
he spent many hours in agonizing prayer, 
but stood firm on God's promises to protect 

On the morning of his baptism, Sankee 
stepped outside and saw two riders on 
horseback approaching him. As they drew 
closer, he realized they were his nephews. 

"Tonakot, our father, is dead," they said 
simply. "He died at sunrise." 

According to the story passed down to me, 
this demonstration of God's power launched 
a great work of evangelism among the 

The power of the risen Christ has touched 
people all over the world, whatever their 
color or background. And just as there are 

Rev. Claus is a Mohawk Indian of the Turtle 
Clan from the Grand River Reservation near Brant- 
ford, Ontario, Canada. He is president of the Chris- 
tian Hope Indian Eskimo Fellowship (CHIEF). Rev. 
Claus represented the American Indians at the 1966 
World Congress on Evangelism in Berlin and the 
1974 International Congress on World Evangeliza- 
tion in Lausanne, Switzerland. 

Rev. Claus in Indian headdress. 

different parts of the human body, all with 
indispensable functions, so it is with the 
Body of Christ. 

The American Indians are no exception. 
Unfortunately, one reason the Indian 
church has not grown more is that, in the 
past, Christians have not allowed it to be 
different. Too often Christianity has become 
confused with white culture. Earlier mis- 
sionaries seemed to believe that these were 
one and the same. If an Indian was saved, it 
was assumed he would turn away from all 
his Indian ways.* 

Today, however, we recognize the value 
of ethnic and cultural differences as part of 
the search for identity and recognition. 
"Chicano Power," "Black is Beautiful," 
"Red Power," "I'm Proud to be Polish"— the 
proliferation of bumper stickers, T-shirts 
and wall posters attests to the emphasis on 
preserving the integrity of one's heritage. 
The complexity of modern-day America is 

* Unfortunately, this has also been true in mission 
work among tribal people of foreign lands. Editor 

April 1982 

Rev. Claus explains a passage in the New Life 
Testament to an Indian woman. The New Life 
Testament is a special translation of the New Tes- 
tament for Native Americans. 

causing large numbers of individuals to look 
for a sense of security and uniqueness in 
their roots. 

Among those at the forefront of this move- 
ment for cultural identification are Native 
Americans. Long a silent minority, Indians 
are now mobilizing. They are no longer eager 
for the assimilation into the mainstream of 
society which once was their goal. Today, the 
interest is in preserving Indian traditions 
and culture. 

This reawakening of a strong sense of In- 
dian consciousness has not gone unnoticed by 
evangelical Christians who are involved in 
ministry to Native Americans. But the inter- 
mingling of religious and cultural traditions 
is very strong in Indian society. A fine dis- 
tinction must be carefully made between the 
two if churches are to be established that are 
truly Indian and true to the word of God. 

Christianity and Indian culture are com- 
patible because the Indian religions are only 
one part of the culture. Culture is what 
makes us different from other people. It in- 
cludes our language, dress, housing, food, 
crafts, gestures, the way we treat our chil- 
dren, our respect for our old people, our 
legends, and our unwritten code of conduct. 
All of these, and much more, determine our 
behavior, our attitudes, and our values. 

This is what Indian culture is all about. 
Christianity doesn't change these things. It 
simply provides an Indian with a new hope, a 
new purpose, a new life in the person of 
Jesus Christ. 

But it is not always easy to separate reli- 
gion from the rest of the Indian culture. For 
example, Eskimos often perform a folk dance 

which depicts a seal hunt. With their move- 
ments and gestures, they tell stories of each 
part of the hunt. There is nothing religious 
about this dance, and we would miss a very 
special aspect of the Eskimo culture if we 
avoided it on religious grounds. 

The same cannot be said, however, of all 
dances. The sun dance of the Plains Indians, 
as one example, is definitely an act of reli- 
gious worship. 

Indian religions have influenced more as- 
pects of their cultures than we may realize. I 
am very familiar with Indian cultures, yet 
once unwittingly wore a beaded peyote priest 
pin on my hat as a decoration. Still it is our 
responsibility as Christians to share our 
faith in all situations. Sometimes in 
evangelizing Native Americans that means 
attending religious gatherings to counter the 
influence of Indian religions. 

Several years ago my mother and I were 
going to a missionary conference in Calgary, 
Alberta. We stopped for a visit among the 
Blackfeet in Montana and stayed with a 
wonderful Christian doctor who was practic- 
ing medicine and trying to evangelize the 

After an evening service at which several 
people accepted Christ, the doctor told me 
that a Rocky Boy Cree medicine man was 
performing a ceremony in the area that 
night. Seeing it as an opportunity for wit- 
ness, we walked to the building where it was 
being held and found the ceremony in full 
swing. We sensed a real clash of spirits as we 
entered, but stayed because we knew that we 
were in a place where the Lord could use us 
to do battle for Him. 

The doctor arranged for me to give a short 
talk. I spoke on the fact that since Christ was 
the ultimate sacrifice, there was no need for 
animal sacrifices. All we need do is accept 
the work that Jesus did on the cross, and we 
could know the forgiveness of sin. 

I prayed at the end of the talk but gave no 
invitation for salvation. On our way out, 
however, a woman stopped us and asked that 
we accompany her home. We shared the gos- 
pel with her family and were privileged to 
lead them all to the Lord. A church begun by 
that family is still growing today — all be- 
cause we brought the Lord to the Indians 
where they were. 

Before his life-changing encounter with 
Jesus, Paul was a violent, militant leader 
who traveled his country to persecute and 
kill Christians. The fact that the Lord used 
him as the greatest evangelist and teacher of 

The Brethren Evangelist 

of all time should encourage us to reach out 
even to the militant, radical Indian leaders. I 
know a woman in South Dakota who prays 
daily for the salvation of the leaders of the 
American Indian Movement. She sees the 
potential in them to be used in a great way 
by God. If we accept the challenge in the 
power of the Holy Spirit, we could be 
evangelizing someone who might become an 
"Indian Apostle Paul." 

It would be easy to go overboard with this 
type of evangelism and possibly compromise 
our beliefs, so some kind of judgment needs 
to be exercised in witnessing. I remember 
visiting a family of Indian believers a couple 
of years ago and seeing a poster in their 
home advertising a church family camp 
which featured gourd dancing and a pow- 
wow. This distressed me because they 
appeared to be compromising their Christian 
beliefs by encouraging participation in cere- 
monies which are such an integral part of 
Indian religious tradition. 

Many Christians have been trapped into 
believing that Indians will be attracted to 
Christ by mixing the Indian religions with 
Christianity. We need to be very cautious 
about this — Christianity does not need to be 
watered down. It can withstand attack and 
should always be proclaimed boldly. 

In order to avoid such possible conflicts, 
Native American Christians need constantly 
to be questioning their actions and measur- 
ing them against biblical standards. We 
should be wise and discerning about our in- 
volvement in borderline activities. With 
Jesus Christ as our guide, we will be able to 
decide whether or not to participate in the 

■P ! 

Rev. Claus (left) delivers food to a needy Indian 
family. Providing food for such families is one of 
the ministries of CHIEF. 

old tradition, attend pow-wows, or keep the 
old fetishes. 

There are many ways we can strengthen 
the Indian church. One of the best is to rec- 
ognize what it is: a group of baptized Indian 
believers who meet together to study God's 
word, worship Him, and fellowship together. 
In other words, the basic function is the same 
as that of any other church. 

We should allow the Indian church to wor- 
ship Jesus its own way. We should encourage 
singing to praise Him in the native lan- 
guage, with native instruments. We should 
allow the order and times of the services to 
coincide with the Indian lifestyle. 

Most importantly, we should encourage 
native leadership in the churches. They must 
become self-governing, self-supporting, self- 
propagating, and self-educating in order to 
remove the stigma of the "white man's reli- 

When CHIEF (the Christian Hope Indian 
Eskimo Fellowship) was organized five years 
ago, we took a survey of most evangelical 
Bible colleges and seminaries to find out how 
many Native American young people were 
preparing for the ministry. We found only 
37. We also discovered that the average age 
of the few Indian pastors we have now is 52. 
This means that if we don't win, counsel, and 
guide our Indian young people to Christ and 
His service, we will be without leadership for 
the Indian church in another ten years. 

The only way to produce new leaders is to 
win more young Indians to Christ and get 
them involved in the church. We must edu- 
cate these young people so they will be able 
to preach and teach sound-in-the-faith, bibli- 
cal, evangelical theology — within Indian cul- 

Many parts of Indian history and legends 
can be used to relate Bible stories such as 
creation, the flood, and prophecies of a com- 
ing Messiah. We must relate the gospel to 
the Indian within his culture, just as Paul 
did for the Gentiles. If we walk in the Spirit 
and do all to the glory of God, then we will 
have few problems deciding which parts of 
the culture are acceptable and which are not. 

Strengthening the Indian church is an 
issue that needs to be dealt with now. If it 
isn't, the Indian church will become stag- 
nant, powerless, and ineffective. We must 
take an honest look at Indian culture, accept 
with pride the Indian heritage that is whole- 
some and good, and trust the Holy Spirit to 
guide us in establishing true Indian churches 
— churches true to the word of God. [t] 

April 1982 

Dr. Delbert Flora in Profile 

Cami Bohrer 

WHAT is exciting about studying the 
past is gaining a better understanding 
of ourselves and the things that influence 
our lives. 

With his many trips to the Holy Land to 
study pre-Christian and very early Christian 
civilizations, Dr. Delbert Flora, retired 
professor and former dean at Ashland 
Theological Seminary^ has done much to 
make the Bible come alive for himself and 
his students. 

"You need to be there to see (historical 
monuments, etc.) in their physical and geo- 
graphical contexts. It's one thing to see them 
in a picture but another to stand back from 
them a quarter to a half mile and see them 
in their actual locations with the hills, val- 
leys, streams, whatever," he said. 

"And then you begin to understand the 
mind and abilities of the people who con- 
structed those things," Dr. Flora said as a 
way of explaining his love for the distant 

Dr. Flora has taken seven trips to biblical 
lands, often incorporating side trips to Euro- 
pean points of history along the way. 

From his travels, he has amassed a collec- 
tion of over 15,000 slides of biblical sites 
alone, which his wife Romayne organizes and 
catalogs. "The slides are extremely impor- 
tant in teaching biblical studies because 
no matter what you say, if you have a pic- 
ture that is made from proper vantage points 
so that you can really illustrate what you 
want to say, you can do a little better," he 

In order to keep his teaching fresh, Flora 
believes it is important to organize lecture 
notes and slides anew for each class, no 
matter how many times he has taught it 

Ms. Bohrer is a feature-story writer for the Ash- 
land Times-Gazette. 


Though Flora dropped out of his Indiana 
high school ("I was a farm boy and high 
school didn't seem quite so important then 
as it does now," he explained), he is proud 
of the fact that in 1925, at age 24, he was 
accepted into Ashland College where he 
finished his high school studies and went 
on to be the first graduate of the school to 
earn a three-year postgraduate degree. (Two- 
year degrees had been customary before 

Pastoral work occupied him until he re- 
turned to the Ashland Seminary in 1946 to 
teach Bible and Greek. 

During his early teaching career, Flora 
spent four summers studying at Winona 
Lake School of Theology to earn a master of 
Sacred Theology degree. 

Flora continued teaching a variety of sub- 
jects and served as dean of the seminary 
from 1953 to 1963. His first visit to Pales- 
tine was in 1952 on a tour, and these pur- 
suits — teaching and visits to the Holy 
Land — occupied him for over two decades. 
Though now retired, Flora still teaches an 
occasional course or so at the Ashland 

Study and teaching are definitely Flora's 
main interests. However, he has tried his 

The Brethren Evangelist 

hand at a bit of writing, composing several 
articles for his church paper, making a size- 
able contribution to the seminary bulletin a 
few years back, and putting together a few 
articles for the not-yet-released edition of the 
Brethren Encyclopedia. 

Today, Flora spends many hours keeping 
up on literature and developments in his 
field. As in past years, he does an occasional 
lecture for area groups interested in Bible 

In addition, he teaches a Sunday school 
class for retired persons at Park Street Bret- 
hren Church, where he is a member. 

He and his wife of more than 50 years live 
at 42 High Street in Ashland and have three 
sons and eight grandchildren. 

Has Flora discovered any universal truths 
during his years of study? He replies, "People 

are people. They hurt personally, I expect, 
the same now as they did in the time of 
Christ and the time of King David in the Old 
Testament. Sin and wrongdoing confronted 
them, all kinds of difficulties. They had polit- 
ical problems, love problems, marriage prob- 
lems. People are people. The only difference 
is their environment." 

"That's the reason why the Bible never 
grows old. The Bible talks about one Creator. 
And if we have one Creator, then we had the 
same Creator one million years ago as we do 
now. And we have the same Savior, Lord 
Jesus Christ. . . . The principles He taught of 
daily life, personal life, religious life, are 
still the same. That is why the Bible is so 

This article appeared in the Ashland Times Gazette and is re- 
printed here by permission. 



Vicky L. Gilbert 

Huge tears roll down my face, 

As I watch through my mind's eye, 

The agony that Jesus endured for me. 

As I look I see, He is standing in the garden next to a tree. 

Now He is praying there on bended knee. 

His disciples are asleep. 

My vision blurs as I begin to weep. 

I brush the tears away, 

As I hear Jesus say, 

"Whom do ye seek?" 

The soldiers have come and they fall back as Jesus speaks. 

They tie His hands, His precious, gentle, healing hands. 

They are bound as they lead him away. 

None of His disciples stay. Only one follows from far away. 

I hear the mockery and ridicule in their voices, 

Their laughter as they treat Him so cruelly and unjustly. 

He takes it all, 

And from His lips not one harsh word does fall. 

They lead Him away to His death. 

My heart pounds and a lump rises in my throat, 

As I watch Him stumble along the road. 

As they hammer the nails in His precious body, I turn 

I cannot bear to stay. 

I feel sick and weak, 

But my spirit bids me watch. 

the terrible sounds of that cross being hung in place. 

Dare I look? Is it He? Yes, there is His sweet face. 

Blood drips from His wounds. 

Pain is written across His face. 

O how can I endure to watch Him in agony 

When He is doing it all for me? 

The end has come. The world turns black. 

For the one they killed was God's Son. 

My grief overflows, 

My only solace comes when I remember that God's Son 








Vicky Gilbert is a member of the Oak Hill, West Virginia, First Brethren Church. 

April 1982 

World Relief 

Bangladesh: Fight for Survival 

by James J. Johnson 

THEY faced Paul Munshi that day, a 
band of 90 women who had nowhere 
else to turn if they expected to live. They 
were all widows. In Muslim Bangladesh 
women were kept off the streets, out of the 
fields, and at home, their men providing 
the means to live. But these women had no 
men. What was to become of them? Their 

Paul Munshi (pronounced moon-shee) 
knew the problem well enough. He was born 
in Bangladesh. His father was a Muslim con- 
verted to Christianity. Since 1971, after the 
war of independence in Bangladesh, Munshi 
had been working his "people development" 
plan in close cooperation with World Relief. 
His organization, the Christian Service Soci- 
ety (CSS), started a crash program with 
World Relief funding and organized the poor 
and starving people of Bangladesh into ag- 
ricultural collectives (or co-ops) that were to 
save their lives. 

The people of Bangladesh— especially 
those in the cities of Dacope, Kotalipara, 
and Gopalganj — know him well. His efforts 
have saved 100,000 people — 16,500 fami- 
lies — from war, floods, and cyclones that 


Another self-help program in Bangladesh is the Family Weaving 
Program. Poor families are taught to weave mosquito nets, an item 
in constant demand. After paying for the training through sales of the 
nets, families can purchase their own loom with long-term payments. 
Other self-help programs are pictured on the opposite page. 

ravished their land in 1972, 1975, and 1977. 
But what to do with these women? 

They insisted he help them form their own 
collective so they could work the land them- 
selves. It was either that — or death. 

Munshi knew there were thousands of 
widowed women in Bangladesh like these, 
women without hope. He said he would help 
them, but . . . there were no animals or 
plows left for them to use. 

The women persisted. "Give us hand- 
hoes," they said. "We'll dig the fields our- 

And they did. Defying all conventions of 
the Muslim religious code, they hit the 
fields at early dawn and swung their hoes 
until dusk; work tough enough for men, let 
alone women. Today that agricultural col- 
lective is one of the most successful in 

But Paul Munshi is not interested in sim- 
ply loaning out hoes, plows, oxen, or irriga- 
tion pumps — as important and critical as 
that is. CSS makes the collective a place 
where people can become educated, learn 
family hygiene and nutrition, and help each 
other to help themselves. Out of these col- 
lectives come leaders who will 
produce leaders in other 
places, thus helping people to 
rebuild and develop on their 

It's a long road, but Munshi 
refers to a Bengali proverb to 
show how "people develop- 
ment" eventually pays off: 
"Two frogs were trying to hop 
out of a pail of milk. One frog 
gave up, but the other kept 
jumping. The milk gradually 
turned to cream and, finally, 
to butter. Only then did the 
frog jump out." 

In other words, as he put it, 

"People work hard. They need 

help, but they aren't helpless." 

Bangladesh is one of the 


The Brethren Evangelist 

poorest countries on earth; the 
average annual income is 
$105, half the average of 
neighboring India. More than 
90 million people live in a ter- 
ritory the size of Illinois. They 
face floods, hail storms, and 
cyclones that blow northward 
from the Bay of Bengal. Help- 
ing them develop on their own, 
Munshi believes, will build the 
strength and knowledge neces- 
sary to face these disasters and 

World Relief provides 28% of 
CSS's income. With 130 CSS 
employees working to develop 
these long-range collectives, 
an additional $100,000 is 
needed this year just to make 
ends meet. 

But every time Paul Munshi 
or a World Relief worker ob- 
serves those widowed women 
in their fields and realizes the 
families who have been saved 
from starvation, money prob- 
lems seem a small thing. They 
know that every dollar spent 
encourages one hopeless soul 
to lay a fresh hold on life, [f ] 

This report is reprinted from the 
Winter 1982 issue of World Relief 
Touching. Phil Lersch, chairman 
of the Brethren World Relief Board, 
met Paul Munshi and visited the 
Dacope agricultural project during 
his fact-finding tour to Bangla- 
desh in 1976. 

Fishing and Fish 
Raising are taught 
to entire families — a 
joint effort. These 
fishermen are drop- 
ping nets for their 
daily catch. Fish 
raising is done in 
large earthen 

"tanks." The fish can 
be sold commercially 
to stock the many 
waterways. In addi- 
tion, vegetables and 
fruits can be grown 
on top of the broad 
edges around the 

ill Bss S 

World Relief Corporation photographs 

The Rickshaw Program trains men in the art of rickshaw man- 
ufacture. They also learn how to purchase and operate a rickshaw 
business. By the end of 1982, 130 rickshaw drivers will own their own 
rickshaws, rather than renting them from fleet owners who charge 
two-thirds of the daily fares. Local craftsmen construct the rickshaws 
for less than commercial cost by using scrap metal. 

Training in Technical and Vocational Skills such as boat mak- 
ing is very necessary in such a rainy country as Bangladesh. WRC is 
also helping young men from the poorest sector of society learn other 
skills in great demand: mechanics, welding, machine working. 






April 1982 


World Relief 

The Stage Is Set 

by Phil Lersch 

HOW have Brethren churches re- 
sponded to the 1981 General Confer- 
ence resolution to assist refugees? 

Aside from the First Brethren Church of 
Bryan, Ohio, and the Second Brethren 
Church in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, no 
reports have come of involvement in refugee 
resettlement activity in recent years. 

I'm not sure what the explanation is. Is it: 

— Disinterest in the plight of those outside 
our own communities and nation if it in- 
volves more than giving our money? 

— Insensitivity to Christ's call to welcome 
and care for the homeless and destitute? 

— Limited coverage lately about refugees by 
major TV and newspaper services? 

— Lack of convincing publicity by our World 
Relief Board? 

— Fear of what it will require of us to make 
the commitment? 

— Unpredictability of the outcome of agree- 
ing to sponsor a refugee individual or 

— Other more important priorities? 

? ?????? 

Well, whatever the reasons, the time is 
right now to improve our record in the fu- 
ture. Here's what I mean: 

(1) The Bible reminds us of God's concern 
that His people care for the destitute and 
homeless — exemplified by the whole attitude 
and stance of Jesus and expressed through 
His promise of eventual blessing to those 
who "see a stranger and welcome him in" 
(Matthew 25:34-40). This is our calling. Let 
us be responsible and faithful. 

(2) Need: Although the media aren't re- 
porting it as regularly, thousands of refugees 
are still being processed and need decent 
places to live and work. World Relief 
Refugee Services (WRRS) is processing 

Rev. Lersch is chairman of the Brethren World 
Relief Board. 

about 800 refugees per month and has 
hundreds of cases without sponsors. In 

addition to people from Indo-China, there are 
more coming now from places like Ethiopia, 
Pakistan, and Poland. All are receiving more 
thorough orientation before arriving in the 
U.S., so they are better prepared to com- 
municate in English, understand us, develop 
a skill, and be on their own quicker. 

(3) Johnstown Second Brethren Church 
has broken the ice — giving aid to four Viet- 
namese over the last couple of years (two or 
one at a time). One was with them just a 
short time; others were a part of their com- 
munity and church for several months. In 
each case, the congregation did what it could 
to share love, concern, and assistance in the 
name of Christ. Harold Walton was pastor at 
Johnstown Second during this time. 

Ha Hoang Nguyen, age 22, was with them 
about six months early in 1981. He 
graduated from high school and a three-year 
technical school in Vietnam, but hadn't 
studied English. So some ladies in the church 

Ha Hoang Nguyen 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Sponsoring refugees requires 
time, effort, and finances, 
plus much love and patience. 
But there are many values 
and rewards. 

and community helped him learn English. 
Like many others, his escape was a harrow- 
ing experience full of danger and distress. 
Although leaving his parents, three older sis- 
ters, and a younger brother behind was sad- 
dening, Ha says, "Now my family is the 
church and its people." 

Ha faithfully attended Second Brethren 
Church and professed his faith in Christ dur- 
ing his stay. In April 1981 Ha spoke these 
words to the congregation during a worship 

This is the first time I can speak what I 
think to you in my new language. I have 
wanted to say to you thank you very much. 
For the first four months that I have known 
you, I have had many changes in my heart 
that I haven't been able to tell you. Only 
your love for me has helped me through 
this sad and difficult time, and with your 
help I have a firm belief in God. 

Before in Vietnam I was like many 
people. I had my mother, father, and sisters 
too. Now my family is very far away, but I 
have your love and a firm belief in Jesus. I 
am very impressed with your help of many 
poor people in the world. . . . Now you are 
my teachers. You help me understand more 
about you, about Jesus, and what I must be 
doing. I promise you I shall try to follow 
Jesus and understand more about 

Besides studying English, Ha spent time 
painting at the church, cleaning, washing 
dishes, shoveling snow, etc. — under the di- 
rection of Pastor Walton. Some money from 
the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church also 
aided in his support. Unfortunately, jobs 
were very scarce in Johnstown, and Ha was 
unable to find work. So he went to Salt Lake 
City to be with some Vietnamese friends and 
secure a job there. A recent letter from him 
indicates he does have a job, is going to 
school, attends church, and reads his Bible 

(4) This resolution was adopted at the 
1981 General Conference, distributed to dele- 
gates at the conference, and printed in the 
September Evangelist (page 18). It is re- 
printed here to encourage churches to re- 

That, within the next year, as a demonstra- 
tion both of the love of Christ and generos- 
ity of Americans, each local Brethren 
church seriously consider sponsoring at 
least one refugee family in resettlement in 
its neighborhood through World Relief 
Refugee Services of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals. Or, if this is not possi- 
ble, that they search out ways of being 
actively involved in other refugee resettle- 
ment efforts in their community; 

Also, that, since this is an act of Chris- 
tian charity, each church will provide the 
initial orientation and will assist in locat- 
ing housing and employment and in cover- 
ing the local cost of resettlement of these 

And further, that local congregations 
unable to resettle a refugee family them- 
selves consider giving special funds to 
Brethren World Relief (designated for ref- 
ugee resettlement) to assist in this plan. 

(5) Information about Refugee Resettle- 
ment has been distributed to all churches in 
brochures and the "orange" World Relief Re- 
source Book. Further inquiries should be 
sent to: 



P.O. Box WRC 

Nyack, New York 10960 

(6) Action by local Brethren churches: 

Yes, the stage is set. The groundwork laid. 
Sponsorship of refugees requires time, effort, 
and some finances — plus much love and 
patience. But there are many values and 
"enrichments" — both to the sponsors and the 
refugees themselves. Primary is responding 
as God leads to people whose usefulness de- 
pends on those of us with resources to help. 

Will we have something positive to report 
in the "Action Box" next year? Are there 
other Brethren willing to give and receive 
this year? Other Christians do. Why not 
Brethren Christians? [t] 

U| ! 



Ei i 

P ' 


April 1982 


World Relief 


rnative Gift Giving 

Compiled by Erica Weiden harrier 

APART of "making things better" for 
poor and needy people in the world is 
helping them to develop skills that provide 
income for themselves, thus enabling them 
to take one more step toward economic self- 
sufficiency. The more this is done, the fewer 
"handouts" and relief programs are required 
to provide basic needs . . . and the better 
these people feel about themselves! 

Several organizations are assisting in this 
process by helping the poor of the U.S.A. and 
Third World Countries to market handicrafts 
and other gifts they have made. By purchas- 
ing such gifts, we are assisting the "makers" 
and enriching the experiences of those "to 
whom we give." 

Some organizations that seek to "help 
people help themselves" (rather than make 
as much money as possible) are listed below. 
Buying Christmas, birthday, anniversary, 
and other gifts from them is one method of 
intentionally purchasing and giving gifts 
that help people. It's another way of dem- 
onstrating our concern for those people in the 
world who are attempting to do something 
constructive with the opportunities and 
skills they have. 

Write for catalogs and gift lists from these 
organizations. Then send for meaningful 
gifts throughout the year. (With each request 
for information, send a self-addressed, 
stamped, business-sized envelope — unless 
instructed otherwise below.) 

Jubilee Crafts (Box 12236, Philadelphia, 
PA 19144). Craft items and gifts from sev- 
eral Third World Countries. 

MCC Self-Help Crafts (Mennonite Cen- 
tral Committee, 21 S. 12th Street, Akron, PA 
17501). Unique products from over 30,000 
poor folk in 20 developing countries. 

World Relief Corporation (P.O. Box 
WRC, Wheaton, IL 60187). Handicrafted 
applique and embroidery items made by 

Mrs. Weidenhamer is secretary of the Brethren World 
Relief Board. She and her husband, Jeff, are active in 
the Columbus, Ohio, Brethren Bible Fellowship. 

Hmong and Laotian women in refugee camps 
in Thailand. 

SERRV (Box 365, New Windsor, MD 
21776). No catalog is available for these self- 
help handicrafts made in Third World Coun- 
tries (there are just too many available). But 
write for the name and address of the recog- 
nized distributor nearest you. Also inquire 
about their "resale packet." 

Koinonia Partners (Rt. 2, Americus, GA 
31709). Wide selection of nuts, dates, fruit 
cakes, etc. — grown and processed by the com- 
mon folks of central Georgia. Also books, re- 
cords, and African dresses and skirts, etc. 

Blue Ridge Hearthside Crafts (P.O. Box 
1388, Boone, NC 28607). Homemade pottery, 
wood, soft goods, and native materials (bas- 
kets, pine cones) from the eastern moun- 
tains. For catalog, send $2.00. 

Ute Mountain Indian Pottery (Highway 
666, Towaoc, CO 81334). Specializes in one- 
of-a-kind Indian pottery. For catalog, send 

Dick Schnacke's Mountain Craft Shop 
(American Ridge Road, Rt 1, New Mar- 
tinsville, WV 26155). Largest and best 
source of authentic American folk toys — 
those once made at home and passed from 
one generation to the next. 

It takes a little effort to follow through 
on something like this, but the values to 
the makers, senders, and receivers are 
great! Give it some thought. 


Moderator Brian Moore's Recommendation No. 7 

"That each local church give greater prior- 
ity to World Relief in its 1982 budget and 
that greater sensitivity to the material and 
spiritual needs of the Third World be de- 
veloped in the local church." 

We trust that the World Relief materials and action 
suggested in this issue will aid you in fulfilling this 
approved recommendation. 

man), Fred Finks (vice-chairman), Erica Weidenhamer (secre- 
tary), Bob Bischof (treasurer), Aida May Munson, Bill Curtis, 
Carolyn Waters, L. E. Lindower, Edna Logan, Marlin McCann. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



SKIP A LUNCH - FEED A BUNCH is a new emphasis by the 
World Relief Corporation. Each church participating will 
receive (free) bulletin inserts, posters, sermon illustra- 
tions, films, press releases, and a little black Lunch- Bucket -Bank 

for each family. n1 , , . . . ,_ 

— — — -*- Placed on your dining table, it can 

collect the money saved when you 

SKIP A LUNCH for World Relief. 

Every Brethren Church has received complete informa- 
tion about this tool for greater commitment. (Or 
write to WRC, P.O. Box WRC, Wheaton, ILL. 60187.) 





August 9-13 -- Ashland, Ohio 

\ ( I it I / 

^ WORKSHOPS^about - - 

Refugee Sponsorship : Wean, a family teU, what <vt'& Like 
to hponkoK. ne^u,geeh in the cku/tck and community. 

Domestic Disaster Relief : Mi. Jan Thompson, Cku/ick oft the 
B/iethAen National VtzaAtoA Coondinaton., mJUL demon- 
bthnXz how voe can sietpond when di£>a&tvu> kit kene in 

, the MITED STATES. . . , , , , , . , , , 



Friday Evening -- Convocation Center 
"Come and Meet Your Neighbors " 
Good &ood . . . WRC nekovJice leaden. . T . multi-media 
piebentationA . . . audience involvement . . . ite^ugee 
family . . . a good time with. puJipo&e. 

brochure with many specific possibilities 
for "living more simply" — - less consumptively. 
More in keeping with the life style described by Jesus. 

It's entitled " Then What Are We To Do?" Ideas are grouped under 

these headings 

Give o6 ^neely ai> you receive; Seek {,-Oibt the king- 

dom; Lifie aj> mon.e than fiood; Beat &woidi> into plow* haste* ; 

Von' t let youA puAAe gnow old; Gain godline** with contentment. 

Order a supply for your self or your church from - - 
MCC, 21 South 12th Street, Akron, PA 17501. 


April 1982 



World Relief Giving 




and tr o sc £ tf 


A year ago we reported a drop 
in total giving of $1,201. But as 
the figures at the right indicate, 
in 1981 we made up that difference 
(and then some) with total giving 
of $43,207 . That's our best ever 
by several thousand dollars!!! 

1979 - $36,683 

1980 - $35,482 CDh>p*f */,*") 

1981 -- $43,207 CW o5>7 / 725) 

1982 -- ??? 

The signs are good. Our compaA&Zoyi and concesw are growing. We're 
gaining information, and responding to it, about the plight of our sis- 
ters and brothers on this globe. We're learning more about what we can 
do that is effective. 

DARE WE THINK OF $50,000 in 1982 ? 
. . . or will that take a couple more years ? 

How Your Dollar is Spent 

w%? ! 

■m> iy> StSS^SSZT^^EgB 

1 *4 

6 •■ 

*-> Ps^rtkAtuwi T%C*AAZ\ie4^ Q f/fij 

Be assured that your offerings are 
handled discreetly -- both by our Brethren World 
Relief Board and the World Relief Corporation. 
WRC's breakdown of each dollar received (above) 
shows that 91 «jr is designated for 

"ministry" to those in need 

a reliable pattern of stewardship 
much better than many agencies. 

WRC continues to work through 
existing missionary § relief per- 
sonnel in foreign countries. They 
know the people, the language, the 
culture, the economy, the short-term 
and long-term needs. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Riverside Lady Rams win runner-up title 
at district basketball tournament 

Lost Creek, Ky. — The Lady Rams 
basketball team of Riverside 
Christian Training School experi- 
enced the thrill of victory as they 
clinched the runner-up title at the 
55th district basketball tourna- 
ment recently. Under the coaching 
of Doran and Nancy Hostetler, the 
Lady Rams defeated the Jackson 
City School team for the runner- 
up title by a score of 47 to 31. 

The win gave the Lady Rams 
the opportunity to play in the 
regional basketball tournament. 
This is the first time a Riverside 
team has ever made it to the 

Two seniors, Lisa Lauffer and 
Lois Francis, were keys to the suc- 
cess of the Lady Rams. Both had 
an outstanding season, and both 
were named to the district all 
tourney team. 

Lisa completed the basketball 
season with a total of 143 re- 
bounds, 65 interceptions, and 133 
points. Lois scored a total of 192 

The Lady Rams are (left to right) Nell Noble, Vicki Fugate, Lisa 
Hostetler, Amber Elken, Sherri Hamblin, Lisa Lauffer, Lois Francis, 
and coaches Nancy Hostetler and Doran Hostetler. Ram mascot is 
Chad Hostetler. 

points and had a 63% success 
record at the foul line. 

At the regional tournament, the 
Lady Rams met a team from Les- 
lie County School. The Riverside 

Edward Lippold honored at Loree 
for 55 years of service 

girls reportedly played a superb 
game, but were nevertheless de- 
feated 69-44. 

According to Kathy Keck, a staff 
member at the school, "Riverside 
is proud of its students, and we 
praise God for the safety and skill 
He has granted all seven of our 
basketball girls." 





Bunker Hill, Ind.— Edward Lippold 
was recognized for his many years 
of service to the Loree Brethren 
Church at a potluck supper held in 
his honor on March 14. "Eddie" 
had served the Loree congregation 
as either secretary or treasurer 
from 1928 to 1982. 

Following the meal, Mr. Lip- 
pold's faithfulness and dedication 
to the church were noted in com- 
ments by Rev. Claude Stogsdill, 
pastor; by Wayne Betzner, past fi- 
nancial secretary; by Eldon York, 
deacon; and by Robert Parker, 
moderator. "Eddie" then shared 
some financial comparisons of ear- 
lier days with the present. 


Moderator Robert Parker presents a plaque 
tion of his many years of service to the Loree 

to Mr. Lippold in recogni- 
Brethren Church. 

April 1982 



Brethren pastors' conference in Florida 
well-attended by pastors and wives 

Group picture taken at the conclusion of the pastors' conference. 

Lithia, Fla. — Fifty-nine pastors 
and forty-six pastors' wives at- 
tended the Brethren pastors' con- 
ference held March 9-11 at Camp 
Cedarkirk, near Lithia, Florida. 
Nineteen children were also at the 
conference with their parents. 
This is the first time a Brethren 
pastors' conference has been held 
in the Florida District. 

The theme of the conference was 
"The Pastor's Personal Renewal," 
and the program included sessions 
on "Inner Growth" and "Physical 
Health," and also time for recrea- 
tion and fellowship. 

The conference began with lunch 
on Tuesday, March 9, followed by 
devotions and an introduction to 
the conference theme. The rest of 
the afternoon was a time for recre- 
ation, with volleyball and canoe- 
ing the most popular activities. 
Unfortunately, due to high water 
in the river, canoeing was more 
tribulation than recreation. Sev- 
eral canoes turned over in the 
swift water, and two pastors lost 
pairs of eyeglasses and two other 
persons lost shoes. By the grace of 
God, there was no loss of life, but 
at least one close call occurred. , 

On Tuesday evening, Rev. Lacy 
Harwell, pastor of the Maximo 
Presbyterian Church in St. 
Petersburg, Fla., presented the 
first of two messages on "Inner 
Growth." In this first message, he 

shared his personal spiritual pil- 
grimage. He told about his early 
Christian experience, the steps 
that led to his becoming a pastor, 
and how he had become an over- 
achieving workaholic. A heart at- 
tack at age 44 caused him to 
reexamine his life, and led him to 
the practice of meditation and 

In his message on Wednesday 
morning, Rev. Harwell shared 
some of the principles he has 
learned about the practice of 
prayer. Defining prayer as "turn- 
ing the mind and heart to God," he 
said that it may or may not in- 
volve language. He then guided 
the pastors in practicing two kinds 
of prayer: breath prayer, in which 
the prayer of one's heart is syn- 
chronized with one's breathing; 
and visual prayer, in which one 
prays in mental images rather 
than with words. 

A tour of the Brethren churches 
in the Florida District made up 
the Wednesday afternoon and 
evening program of the confer- 
ence. Buses and vans took the pas- 
tors and their wives to Brandon, 
Town and Country, Brethren 
House, and Bradenton, where they 
learned more about these churches 
and toured their facilities. Then it 
was on to the Sarasota church for 
a look at their buildings, supper, 
and an evening service with the 

Sarasota congregation, led by Phil 
and Jean Lersch. Following this, 
the group returned to Cedarkirk. 

On Friday morning, Dr. William 
Reed, a surgeon, and founder and 
president of the Christian Medical 
Foundation, spoke on the subject 
of "Physical Health." His basic 
theme was that health involves all 
of a person, including body, mind, 
and spirit. Unfortunately, he said, 
most of American medicine takes 
into account only the body and 
mind, and neglects the spirit. But 
health, he maintains, emanates 
from the spirit. 

Dr. Reed noted that while great 
advances are being made in 
medicine, society is destroying it- 
self with drugs, alcohol, and im- 
morality. He added that he would 
like to see pastors or chaplains on 
hospital medical teams, with their 
observations of patients on the 
medical charts along with those of 
the doctors and nurses. 

Following a question and an- 
swer period with Dr. Reed the con- 
ference concluded with lunch on 
Thursday. In addition to the for- 
mal sessions with Rev. Harwell 
and Dr. Reed and the tour on 
Wednesday, the pastors and wives 
enjoyed times of warm fellowship 
and sharing with one another at 
the family style meals, between 
sessions, and in the evenings dur- 
ing the conference. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


New sanctuary of Town & Country Church 
site of Florida District Conference 

Tampa, Fla. — Approximately 130 
Brethren were present for the 
Florida District Conference held 
Sunday afternoon and evening, 
March 7th. They met together in 
the recently completed sanctuary 
of the Town and Country Commu- 
nity Church of Tampa. The first 
worship service was held in this 
new building just one month be- 
fore the conference. Dedication of 
the building is scheduled for April 

The conference opened with a 
45-minute "Brethren Fair," during 
which denominational and district 
work were spotlighted. Various de- 
nominational and district rep- 
resentatives were on hand to give 
brief reports. 

Next on the program was a de- 
votional service, presided over by 
Jean Lersch, the district coordi- 
nator-elect. This service included a 
musical number by Marjorie Ben- 
nett, Rob Grumbling, and Mary 
Grumbling of the Brandon Breth- 
ren Church, and a message by Dr. 
Richard Allison, associate profes- 
sor of Christian education at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Allison based his afternoon 
and evening messages on Acts 
2:42-47. He pointed out from this 
passage that the early church was 
characterized by four activities — 
study, fellowship, worship, and 
witness. In his afternoon message 

photo by LaVergne Stone 

The district coordinator, Rev. Keith Bennett, presides over the busi- 
ness session of the Florida District Conference. 

he focused on the first of these — 
study (Christian education). 

The devotional service was fol- 
lowed by a business session, with 
Rev. Keith Bennett, the Florida 
District coordinator, presiding. 
Items of business included the 
treasurer's report, action on dis- 
trict apportionment, acceptance of 
1982-83 budget, election of offi- 
cers, approval of the National Or- 
dination Council, and changes in 
the district by-laws. General Con- 
ference Moderator Dr. Fred Finks 
also brought greetings during the 
business session. 

The 1982-83 officers are: coordi- 
nator, Jean Lersch; coordinator- 

President proclaims 
May 6 a National 
Day of Prayer 

Washington, D.C. — President 
Ronald Reagan has signed a Proc- 
lamation naming the "first Thurs- 
day in May" (May 6, 1982) a Na- 
tional Day of Prayer. 

The Proclamation was signed on 
February 12, the birthdate of Pres- 
ident Abraham Lincoln. President 
Reagan chose Lincoln's birthday to 
announce the call to prayer, since 
Lincoln revived the custom after 

decades of neglect. The first such 
Day of Prayer was proclaimed one 
year before the founding of our na- 

Robert P. Dugan, Director of the 
National Association of Evangeli- 
cals' Office of Public Affairs, was 
in the Cabinet Room at the White 
House when the President signed 
the Proclamation. Dugan urges 
evangelical denominations and 
churches to develop meaningful 
and creative prayer times for May 
6. "A decree is one thing," Dugan 
stated. "Actual praying is an- 

elect, Rev. Russell Gordon; secre- 
tary, Joyce Elliott; treasurer, Cindy 
Koontz; women's representative, 
Delia Davis; men's representative, 
Gene McConahay; ministers' rep- 
resentative, Rev. Dale RuLon. 

An hour of "open forums" fol- 
lowed the business session. Those 
present could choose to attend one 
of three forums: (1) A WMS ses- 
sion with national WMS President 
Pauline Benshoff. (2) A session on 
the Spanish ministry of the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church, 
led by Rev. Kenneth Solomon. (3) 
A session in which Rev. and Mrs. 
Robert Dillard shared their experi- 
ences in language training in 
Costa Rica and their outlook for 
missionary service in Medellin, 

A delicious supper served by the 
Town and Country congregation 
was followed by the evening wor- 
ship service. Rev. Dale RuLon, 
pastor of the Town and Country 
congregation, presided over this 
service, and special music was pre- 
sented by the youth choir of the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church, 
directed by Mary Louise Robbins. 

In his message of the evening, 
Dr. Allison continued his observa- 
tions of the afternoon, focusing on 
fellowship, worship, and witness. 




April 1982 



1982 Summer Crusaders announced 
by Board of Christian Education 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 

Christian Education has an- 
nounced its selection of 1982 Sum- 
mer Crusaders. This year the 
Summer Crusader Program will 
include a music unit, two educa- 
tional units, a drama unit, and 
two interns. 

Sharing leadership responsi- 
bilities for the music unit will be 
Mike Funkhouser (Sarasota, Fla.) 
and Jill Slee (Roann, Ind.). Mike 
will assume the head captain's 
position and also serve as team 
technician. This will be his second 
year as a Crusader. Jill, in her 
fourth year as a Crusader, will 
serve as assistant captain, with 
primary responsibility as team 
music director. The other members 
of the team will be first-year 
Crusaders Tom Grumbling (Mt. 

Olivet, Del), Tracy Rowser (New 
Lebanon, Ohio), Kris Overdorf 
(Ardmore, Ind.), and JoLinda Ellis 
(Oakville, Ind.), and veterans 
Cheryl Grumbling (Mt. Olivet, 
Del.), Mike Warner (North Man- 
chester, Ind.), and Billy Hesketh 
(Pleasant View, Pa.). 

Captaining one of the educa- 
tional units will be Floyd Minor 
(Fort Scott, Kans.), a second-year 
Crusader. Serving with him will 
be Phil Michael (Lanark, 111.) and 
Kathy Hicks (Sarasota, Fla.), both 
new Crusaders, and third-year 
Crusader Amy Icenhour (Park 
Street, Ohio). 

The second educational unit will 
be led by a three-year veteran, 
Joyce Ronk (Park Street, Ohio). 
Her team will include veteran 
Nancy Metzler (Sarasota, Fla.) 

Music unit captain and assistant 
Mike Funkhouser and Jill Slee 

Educational unit captains 
Floyd Minor and Joyce Ronk 

Fred & Gladys Lewis chosen 
Couple of the Year at Brush Valley 

Adrian, Pa.— Mr. and Mrs. Fred 
Lewis were chosen Sweetheart 
Couple of the Year by the Brush 
Valley Brethren Church recently. 
They were the honored guests at 
the church's Sweetheart Banquet 
held February 14th. 

The Sweetheart Banquet is an 
annual event at the Brush Valley 
Church. According to Pastor 
Thomas Kidder, the banquet is 
one of the winter highlights of the 
congregation, and each year it be- 
comes more meaningful. A total of 
127 people attended this year's 


As a part of this annual event, a 
couple is chosen to be Sweetheart 
Couple of the Year. The couple is 
chosen on the basis of how well 
they exemplify the love and life- 
style that Jesus asked his follow- 
ers to practice. 

This year's sweethearts, Fred 
and Gladys Lewis, are the parents 
of four children. They have been 
lifetime residents of Adrian, and 
both have been members of the 
Brush Valley Church for many 

Sweetheart couples of past years 
have been Mr. and Mrs. Burton 

and first-timers Barbara Black 
(Ashland, Ohio) and Vanda Funk- 
houser (Sarasota, Fla.). 

Leading the drama unit will be 
Lyn Ellis (Oak- 
ville, Ind.), serv- 
ing in her second 
year. Her team 
will include re- 
turning Crusad- 
ers Jerry Kern- 
ohan (Sarasota, 
Fla.) and David 
Logan (Mason- 
town, Pa.), and 
"rookie" Mikki 
Bradenburg (Smithville, Ohio). 

Two young men will be serving 
in pastoral intern positions this 
summer: Mark Britton (Derby, 
Kans.) and Mitch Funkhouser 
(Sarasota, Fla.). 

Drama unit cap- 
tain Lyn Ellis 

i>- W It 

Pastoral Interns 
Mark Britton and Mitch Funkhouser 

Sweethearts Fred and Gladys Lewis 

Johns, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Miller, 
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Croyle, Mr. and 
Mrs. Albert Crissman, Mr. and 
Mrs. Sam Tarr, Mr. and Mrs. 
Jerry Tarr, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 
Kidder, Mr. and Mrs. Alvin Hooks, 
Mr. and Mrs. Ronald Brown, and 
Rev. and Mrs. Thomas Kidder. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Northern California District raises $1,000 
to outfit Dillards for Colombia 

Manteca, Calif. — The Northern 
California District of the Brethren 
Church held its annual conference 
February 26-28 at the Northgate 
Community Brethren Church. The 
theme for the conference was "Ex- 
cept the Lord build the house . . . ," 
from Psalm 127. 

The conference was ably moder- 
ated by Chuck Poindexter from 
the Lathrop Brethren Church. 
Actions taken by the conference 
included adoption of a motion to go 
"on record as supporting the estab- 
lishment of a National Ordination 

For its annual missions project, 
the district mission board had set 
a goal to raise $1,000 during the 
conference to outfit the Bob Dil- 
lard family for their new work in 
Colombia. The conference ex- 

ceeded this goal. This is the second 
time in two years that the confer- 
ence has exceeded its goal. 

Reports by district boards and 
committees included information 
on the following: 
-Plans by the district mission 
board to study areas for possi- 
ble new churches; 
-Improvements made at Camp 
Berea and the hiring of a new 
-Plans for two weeks of camp 

this summer instead of one; 
-An update on a lay-pastor 
training program in the dis- 
The conference gave special rec- 
ognition to Clarence Harnden of 
the Northgate congregation. Mr. 
Harnden had served many years 
on the camp board until his health 

Church of the Brethren Board 
endorses nuclear weapons freeze 

Elgin, 111.— The Church of the 
Brethren General Board has en- 
dorsed the "Nuclear Weapons 
Freeze" campaign, which calls for 
a halt to U.S. and Soviet testing, 
production, and deployment of nu- 
clear weapons. 

The Nuclear Weapons Freeze 
campaign has made the following 

To improve national and interna- 
tional security, the United States 
and the Soviet Union should stop 
the nuclear arms race. Specifically, 
they should adopt a mutual freeze 
on the testing, production, and de- 
ployment of nuclear weapons and of 
missiles and new aircraft designed 
primarily to deliver nuclear weap- 
ons. This is an essential, verifiable 
first step towards lessening the risk 
of nuclear war and reducing the 
nuclear arsenals. 

The General Board's action was 
prompted by concern that govern- 
ment leaders now seem to consider 
a nuclear war to be winnable. Sev- 
eral district boards in the Church 

of the Brethren have already en- 
dorsed the Nuclear Weapons 

The Church of the Brethren, a 
historic peace church, has tradi- 
tionally taught that all war is sin. 
This new statement reaffirms the 
church's position and expresses 
support for others involved in op- 
posing war. 

Brush Valley BYC 
raises money for 
movie projector 

Adrian, Pa. — The Senior Youth 
(BYC) of the Brush Valley Breth- 
ren Church recently purchased a 
new movie projector for their 

The youth had several projects 
in order to raise the money for the 
projector, including car washes 
and hoagie sales. According to 
their advisors, Ron and Rose 
Brown, the youth had fun as they 
worked to raise the money for the 

prevented him from continuing. 

Inspirational programs during 
the three days of meetings in- 
cluded a wealth of special music. 
Virgil Ingraham, William Kerner, 
and General Conference Mod- 
erator Fred Finks presented in- 
spirational addresses. 

On Sunday evening the youth 
presented a program of special 
music and testimonies for the con- 
ference. Charles Beekley, Director 
of Christian Education, presented 
the address for the program. 

Bill Hubble, from the Lathrop 
church, was elected as the mod- 
erator for 1982-83. He became the 
second layman in two years to fill 
this position. 

— Ronald W. Waters 

Helen Garber proves 
you're never too old 
to serve 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — You are never 
too old to serve the Lord and His 
church. That's what Mrs. Helen 
Garber is proving. 

Though 94 years old, almost 
blind, and nearly deaf, Mrs. 
Garber recently opened her home 

Mrs. Helen Garber 

for a ladies' weekly Bible study. 
This is her way of serving the Lord 
and of helping others. 

Mrs. Garber is the widow of the 
late Rev. Frank Garber. She is a 
faithful member of the Cheyenne 
Brethren Church. 
— reported by Rev. Albert 0. Curtright 





April 1982 



192 attend Ohio District Conference 
at Williamstown Brethren Church 

Williamstown, Ohio — A total of 
192 Brethren attended the Ohio 
District Conference held March 
20, making this one of the best- 
attended conferences in recent 
years. Of these, 120 served as dele- 
gates to the conference business 

The conference was hosted by 
the Williamstown Brethren 
Church. All who attended were 
impressed by the efficiency with 
which this small congregation 
hosted and fed the large group. 
They were also pleased with the 
numerous improvements the Wil- 
liamstown congregation has made 
to its building in recent years, in- 
cluding a fellowship room and 
Sunday school area, a remodeled 
sanctuary, and a new entryway 
and pastor's study. 

Sunday School 
Order Time 

Your Sunday School 
order for next quarter is 
due the 15th of this 

Make your final selection 
now, and send your order 

Brethren Publishing Co. 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone (419) 289-1708 

Your order through the Breth- 
hren Publishing Company 
helps support the Brethren 

The conference opened with 
singing and special music, and a 
message by General Conference 
Moderator Dr. Fred Finks. Special 
music was by the Chanteurs (Shir- 
ley McPherson, Beth Kurtz, and 
Peg Swonguer) from the Gretna 
Brethren Church, and Debbie Kin- 
dle from the host church. 

Dr. Finks spoke on the subject 
"Playing Games" or "The Church 
is for Real." He warned that Chris- 
tians are in danger of letting their 
Christianity become a game and 
their worship a ritual. To avoid 
this, he said, we need to expect 
that we are going to encounter 
God in a personal and life-chang- 
ing way in every worship service. 
Then we need to keep on expecting 
God to work in our lives. 

The business session that fol- 
lowed was led by the district mod- 
erator, Rev. Leroy Solomon. The 
session included election of officers 
and board and committee mem- 
bers, and reports by the secretary, 
treasurer, statistician, and the 
various district boards. 

The election resulted in the 
following officers for 1982-83: 
moderator — Rev. Gene Eckerley; 
moderator-elect — Rev. Kenneth 
Sullivan; secretary — Betty Dear- 
durff; assistant secretary — Doris 
Dravenstott; treasurer — Tom 
Stoffer; assistant-treasurer — 
Homer Ebersole; statistician — , 
Emery Hurd; and statutory agent 
— Dorman Ronk. 

After a break for lunch, aux- 
iliary sessions were held, with the 
WMS, laymen, and ministers each 
meeting separately. 

The afternoon business session, 
which followed these auxiliary 
meetings, was given over primar- 
ily to reports from representatives 
of the national boards and minis- 
tries. One major item of business 
was the action to approve the Na- 
tional Ordination Council. The 
conference also set September 10- 
11 as the dates of its next meeting, 
to be held at the Pleasant Hill 
Brethren Church. 

The conference concluded with 
installation of the new officers. 

Esther Mohler made "Member Emeritus 
of Sarasota First Brethren Church 


Sarasota, Fla. — Mrs. Esther 
Mohler has been made a life 
member of the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church. The Sarasota 
congregation recently voted unani- 
mously to give her the honorary 
title of "Member Emeritus." 

Mrs. Mohler's connection with 
the Sarasota First Brethren 
Church goes back to the very be- 
ginning of the congregation. Her 
father, Rev. Fred Vanator, was the 
founding pastor of the congrega- 
tion, and the first worship services 
were held in her home on Lime 
Avenue in Sarasota. 

Over the years, she served the 
Sarasota Church in many 
capacities. When she was superin- 
tendent of the children's division, 
the church honored her by electing 

her "Mother of the Year." 

In addition to her honorary 
membership in the Sarasota con- 
gregation, Mrs. Mohler is a 
member of the Warsaw, Indiana, 
First Brethren Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


James Dobson honored as Layman of the Year 
at 40th Annual NAE Convention 

Arlington Heights, 111.— An ur- 
gent call to "Save the Family" was 
the theme of the 40th Annual Con- 
vention of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals. The conven- 
tion, held March 2-4 in the Ar- 
lington Park Hilton, brought to- 
gether nearly 1,000 men and 
women from evangelical churches 
across America. 

Attending the convention from 
the Brethren Church were Charles 
Beekley, Rev. Eugene Beekley, 
Rev. Virgil Ingraham, Rev. James 
Black, Rev. and Mrs. Dan Gray, 
and Rev. Gene Eckerley. 

Pat Robertson, host of the "700 
Club," Elisabeth Elliot, former 
missionary and well-known Chris- 
tian author, and Dr. Charles Swin- 
doll, pastor of the First Evangeli- 
cal Free Church in Fullerton, 
California, were the main speak- 
ers for the convention. Each dealt 
with some aspect of the family. 
The convention also included a 
number of luncheon speakers and 
30 different workshops dealing 
with family-related issues. 

One of the highlights of the con- 
vention was the recognition of Dr. 
James Dobson as the 1982 NAE 
Layman of the Year. Dobson, 

whose "Focus on the Family" film 
series has been seen by more than 
10 million people, was honored for 
his commitment to strengthening 
the family and to equipping men 
and women across the country to 
be godly parents. 

As part of its "Save the Family" 
emphasis, the convention passed a 
family position paper supportive of 
the traditional Judaeo-Christian 
family. The paper condemns the 
incessant pursuit of self-gratifica- 
tion as a force which has "shat- 
tered the sacred bonds of human 
society's basic institutions." Such 
selfish pursuits, the paper asserts, 
have led to drastic increases in di- 
vorce and a growing rejection of 

Other destructive symptoms of 
this "all-consuming passion for 
personal so-called freedom," the 
paper states, are materialistic 
gains at the expense of family 
well-being, a media full of sex and 
violence, immoral sexual conduct, 
and an abdicating of moral growth 
to secularized public education. 

The paper sets forth three par- 
ticular responsibilities of the 
church in helping families. These 
are to: (1) "Equip parents to meet 

W. Stanley Mooneyham resigns 
as World Vision president 

Monrovia, Calif.— Dr. W. Stanley 
Mooneyham has resigned as presi- 
dent of World Vision International 
(WVI) to take on expanded respon- 
sibilities with that organization, 
according to a March 11th an- 
nouncement by WVI board chair- 
man Alex Fisher. On September 
30, 1982, Mooneyham will step 
down as president of WVI and 
move into his new position as 
senior advisor to the chairman of 
the board. 

In his new role, Mooneyham will 
be involved in formulating 
strategy, organizational planning, 
and cultivating relationships with 

international agencies and govern- 

Mooneyham joined World Vision 
in 1969. During the past 13 years 
he has led the organization in a 
period of unprecedented growth. In 
1969, the World Vision budget was 
just over $7 million. This year, the 
international partnership will 
raise more than $158 million and 
carry on work in 88 nations. 

Taking Mooneyham's place as 
president on October 1 will be Dr. 
Ted W. Engstrom. Engstrom is 
currently executive director of 
World Vision's United States sup- 
port office. 

family responsibilities." (2) "Take 
the initiative in assisting engaged 
and young married couples to put 
God first, their spouses second, 
and themselves last." (3) 
"Strengthen its understanding of 
what constitutes 'family' and offer 
effective, Bible-based programs de- 
signed to meet the needs of today's 

While recognizing the church's 
part in helping families, the paper 
nevertheless states, "The primary 
responsibility, however, for main- 
taining family cohesiveness and 
seeing that the home fulfills its 
four-fold purpose of intimacy, love, 
nuture and support rests squarely 
upon each parent." 

The paper concludes, "The Na- 
tional Association of Evangelicals 
calls upon both parents and 
churches to join hands in a con- 
certed effort to strengthen family 
life and restore biblical family 
values to the home. We believe 
this is not only desirable, but es- 
sential if our nation is to survive." 

In addition to its position paper 
on the family, the convention 
passed resolutions on "Op- 
pressed Peoples" and "Drunken 

The "Oppressed Peoples" resolu- 
tion "exhorts American Christians 
to join in prayer and fasting for 
those whose rights have been vio- 
lated and to write letters urging 
that the Soviet government grant 
emigration visas to the entire Vas- 
chenko and Chmykhalov families 
[the 'Siberian Seven' living in the 
U.S. Embassy in Moscow] so that 
they can be resettled." 

The resolution on drunken 
driving challenges evangelical 
churches, ministers, and individu- 
als to "join community efforts to 
create public awareness of this na- 
tional problem and join in court 
monitoring, petitioning, and letter 
writing in support of legislative 
and judicial actions designed to 
prevent further deaths and in- 


April 1982 



Taking an Easter walk 
on the Via Dolorosa 

by Jennie Goldman 

Jerusalem, Israel — On Good Fri- 
day and Easter Sunday, when 
thousands of Christian pilgrims to 
Jerusalem walk down the Via 
Dolorosa, they get a glimpse of the 
fascinating variety of ethnic 
Christian communities in the Holy 
City. Armenian Catholics and 
Greek, Coptic, and Russian Or- 
thodox are among those they meet 
in different churches along the 

The Via Dolorosa ("Sorrowful 
Way," also known as "Way of the 
Cross") is traditionally identified 
as the path taken by Jesus from 
the palace of Pontius Pilate to the 
hill of Golgotha, where the 
Crucifixion took place. 

The Via, as it is known today, 
begins just inside the Old City at 
St. Stephen's Gate and finishes 
within the Church of the Holy 
Sepulchre, in the heart of the Old 
City's Christian Quarter. Fourteen 
Stations of the Cross, com- 
memorating the last events of the 
Passion, are marked out at inter- 
vals along its narrow, winding 

The First Station of the Cross 
and its chapel are now in the 
courtyard of the Moslem El- 
Omariyeh College. Facing it 
across the Via Dolorosa is the 
majestic stone building of the 
Convent of the Flagellation, site 
of the Second Station. Here the 
brown-habited Franciscans, the 
largest Catholic order in the Holy 
Land, have a faculty of biblical 
studies whose scholars are famed 
for their research on the early 

Inside the Chapel of the Con- 
demnation are large Roman 
flagstones carved with grooves 
that prevented horses from slip- 
ping, and with dice games that 
were played by the Roman legion- 

Another relic of the city that 
Jesus knew recently surfaced 



. - 

, , 

Within the walls 
of the Old City of 
Jerusalem (above) 
are the Via 
Dolorosa and the 
Church of the Holy 
Sepulchre. The 
Via Dolorosa be- 
gins just inside the 
Old City at St. 
Stephen's Gate 
(righ t). Pictu red 
are Catholic sis- 
ters and Jeru- 
salem schoolgirls 
in a Palm Sunday 

further along the Via, just outside 
the Third and Fourth Stations. 
Massive paving stones belonging 
to a main street of Roman 
Jerusalem were discovered by 
Jerusalem municipality workers 
as they were replacing sewage 
pipes. The slabs have now been 
raised to form part of the present 
walkway, offering pilgrims an in- 
spiring link with the past. 

The sites of the Third and 
Fourth Stations are owned by the 
Armenian Catholics. This is a 
small community in Israel which 
preserves the ecclesiastical tradi- 
tions of Armenia, but which, un- 
like the much larger Armenian 
Orthodox Church, is in union with 


The recently renovated Chapel 
of Our Lady of the Spasm, with its j 
typical domed Armenian altar, 
marks the place where Mary is be- 
lieved to have stepped forward to 
meet her son. If the visitor hap- 
pens to hear organ music emanat- 
ing from the chapel outside of 
prayer hours, it is most likely 
being played by Monsignor Joseph 
Chadarevian, the head of Israel's 
Armenian Catholic community [ 
and an accomplished musician. 

A few yards away, the Fifth Sta- 
tion of the Cross is attractively 
marked off by a semi-circle of 
cobblestones. This was the idea of 
the Israeli government, which to- 

The Brethren Evangelist 


gether with the Jerusalem munici- 
pality is undertaking a large-scale 
project of renovation and infra- 
structure removal in the Old City. 
The work has included repaving 
the Via Dolorosa, reinforcing its 
ancient buildings, and removing 
the ugly overhead electricity ca- 
bles that masked the splendid 
Crusader arches along the route. 

At the Sixth Station is the 
Greek Catholic congregation of the 
little Sisters of Jesus. Their tiny 
store sells reproductions of Byzan- 
tine icons. Parts of the adjoining 
chapel are nearly 1,500 years old. 

The seven blue-clad Sisters have 
come from five different countries 
in Europe. Like all the faithful of 
the 40,000-strong Greek Catholic 
Church in Israel — the largest in 
the land — they celebrate the 
liturgy in Arabic. 

The Seventh and Eighth Sta- 
tions are in the midst of the Old 
City's colorful and bustling 
bazaar, with its displays of every- 
thing from olivewood carvings to 
pungent spices and syrupy sweet- 

A Good Friday procession on the Via Dolorosa in Old Jerusalem 
passes the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer. 

The Eighth Station is marked dence of its Archbishop in 
by an ancient iron cross and an in- 
scription in Greek. They are set 
into the exterior wall of the heav- 
ily ornamented Chapel of St. 
Charalambos, a shrine of the 
Greek Orthodox, the most ancient 
Christian community in the Holy 

The last Station on the Via be- 
fore it passes into the Church of 
the Holy Sepulchre is the Ninth. 
On this site is the blue ceilinged 
chapel of the Coptic Orthodox 
Church of Egypt, and the resi- 

dence of its Archbishop 
Jerusalem, Dr. Anba Basilios. 

Every Friday afternoon, a 
hymn-singing procession of Chris- 
tian faithful retraces the footsteps 
of Jesus along the Via Dolorosa. 
On Good Friday, this becomes a 
throng of thousands from every 
corner of the globe. For those who 
pause to visit the different stations 
along the way, their pilgrimage is 
also a discovery of the unique rich- 
ness of Christian life in the Holy 






Mr. and Mrs. Dorsey Brandenburg, 54th, March 
17. Members of the North Manchester First Brethren 


Rita Miller to Christopher Cramer, February 20, at 
the Loree Brethren Church; Claude R. Stogsdill, pas- 
tor, officiating. Attend the Loree Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Jay Garber, 81, March 16. Member of the Bryan 

First Brethren Church. Services by Marlin L. 

McCann, pastor. 

Susie Grossnickle, 88, March 13. Member of the 

North Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by 

Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Margaret Hambrick, 71, March 10. Member of the 

South Bend First Brethren Church. Services by Larry 

R. Baker, pastor. 

William A. Kline, 72, March 8. Member of the Louis- 

ville First Brethren Church. Services by John 
Brownsberger, pastor. 

Verda Kerr, 77, March 8. Member of the Bryan First 

Brethren Church. 

Iva Griffith, 92, March 2. Member of the Masontown 

Brethren Church. Services by Robert Byler, pastor. 

Hazel Stout, 89, February 27. Member for 20 years of 

the South Bend First Brethren Church. Services by 

Larry R. Baker, pastor. 

Grover C. Melton, 91, February 4. Member of the 

South Bend First Brethren Church. Services by Larry 

R. Baker, pastor. 

Barbara Ann Graves, 28, January 31. Former 
member of the Gretna Brethren Church. She was an 
inspirational leader in the formation and growth of 
the Brethren Bible Fellowship of Columbus, Ohio. 
Services by Dale R. Stoffer, pastor. Memorial con- 
tributions may be made to the Brethren Bible Fellow- 
ship of Columbus. 

Membership Growth 

Papago Park: 1 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

April 1982 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shiffleti\ 



i" . » • - 

The Shroud of Turin 

THE Shroud of Turin is an ancient linen cloth 
imprinted with the image of a dead man's 
body and marked with what look like bloodstains. 
The man appears to be a Jew crucified by Romans 
in the first century A.D. Is this man Jesus of 
Nazareth? Is the Shroud of Turin his burial gar- 
ment? Is the image on the Shroud an image of his 
crucified body?" (from Verdict on the Shroud) 

Over the past several years, millions of Chris- 
tians have been following the investigations of 
this mysterious Shroud. As the media released the 
findings of these investigations, I've been filing 
the information away. My early questions were: 
"Is this another holy shrine or relic fostered by 
the Roman Catholic Church?" And, "Where did it 
come from?" 

Through these news releases, I've dis- 
covered that many date the Shroud back to the 
first century. Gilbert Raes, a professor at the 
Ghent Institute of Textile Technology in Belgium, 
and Silvio Curto, a professor of Egyptology at the 
University of Turin, examined the fabric of the 
Shroud and stated, "The fabric dates back to the 
time of Christ!" 

History tells us that the Shroud became well- 
known as a religious relic quite early. Geoffrey de 
Charny of Lirey owned the Shroud in 1357. He 
put it on exhibit in an obvious attempt to keep his 
family from financial destitution. 

In 1453, the Shroud was deeded to the House of 
Savoy. They've owned it ever since and built a 
chapel to house it. Presently, the Shroud rests in 
the Chapel of Turin, where it is infrequently on 
exhibit. All exhibition and testing of it requires 
the permission of its legal owner, King Umberto 
II, the last King of Italy, who presently lives in 
exile in Portugal. 

Scientific investigations of the Shroud did not 
get underway until a photographer took a picture 
of it in 1898. To his astonishment, the photo- 
grapher discovered that the image on the Shroud 
was a negative. The concept of negativity was un- 
known until the invention of photography in the 
19th century. This raised some interesting ques- 
tions, and was the forerunner of all present day 


investigations on the Shroud. 

The agnostic Yves Delage, professor of compara 
tive anatomy of the Sorbonne, was intrigued by 
the Shroud. He concluded, after extensive investi- 
gation, that the Shroud was the burial garment 
of Jesus! The prestigious French Academy took 
Delage to task for such a statement. Delage re 
sponded by saying, "A religious question has been 
needlessly injected into a problem which in itself 
is purely scientific. ... If instead of Christ, there 
were a question of some person like a Sargon, an 
Achilles, or one of the Pharaohs, no one would 
have thought of making any objection. ... I recog- 
nize Christ as a historical personage and I see no 
reason why anyone should be scandalized that 
there still exist material traces of his earthly life" 
(Wilson, The Shroud of Turin, pp. 33-34). 

In 1978, a team of 40 American scientists made 
an unprecedented attempt to solve the mystery of 
the Shroud. They went to Italy and spent five 
days examining the cloth with very sensitive and 
sophisticated analytical equipment. The inescap 
able conclusion of their work pointed to the fact 
that the image on the Shroud was formed by a 
real corpse in a tomb. 

The question remains, "Was this man of the 
Shroud Jesus?" As John Heller pointed out, 
speaking scientifically, the image "is a mystery." 

At least two members of the scientific team con- 
cluded that the image must have been produced 
by a body which did not decompose, but was resur- 

With that conclusion, a caution is in order. We 
must be careful that the Shroud does not become 
an idol. Whatever the final investigative conclu- 
sions on the Shroud of Turin, we must remember 
to study the Word and not the cloth. For even if 
the cloth is really Christ's very burial garment, 
then it still remains but a witness to the truth of 
His resurrection. Anything more is idolatry. 

As Geoffrey Ashe, a British author who has 
studied the Shroud, said, "The Shroud is explica- 
ble if it once enwrapped a human body to which 
something extraordinary happened. It is not 
explicable otherwise!" [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

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Summer Crusader Prayer Warriors 

The Summer Crusader program is suc- 
cessful because of the consistent prayer sup- 
port of many Brethren people. The Prayer 
Warrior program is a commitment on your 
part to pray for a Crusader by name each 
day he or she serves during the summer. 

This summer we are again offering you 
the opportunity to request a particular 
Crusader — or more than one. But if you 
would prefer not to make a choice, the BCE 
will assign a Crusader to you. 

Shortly before the summer program be- 
gins, you'll receive a picture and itinerary 
of the Crusader whom you've chosen or 
been assigned. Then throughout the sum- 
mer, you'll receive postcards from your 
Crusader to let you know how things are 

To join the ranks of the Prayer Warriors 
for this summer, just fill in the information 
requested at the right. Then clip and mail 
this form to the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion. Do it today! 

Yes, I want to be a Prayer Warrior. 

My name 


Home church 

I would like one 

or two 

names to pray for this summer. 
(Optional) I would like to pray for (name of 

Return by May 1, 1982, to The Board 
of Christian Education, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Calendar of Events 

APRIL — World Relief emphasis month 

16-18 Southwest District Conference at the Papago 

Park Brethren Church, Tempe, Arizona 
24-25 Child-Care Workshop for Domestic Disaster 

Relief Workers in Northern Ohio, at Camp 

Inspiration Hills 
MAY— Brethren Youth emphasis month 
7-8 General Conference Executive Committee 

meeting at Park Street Brethren Church 

15 Ohio District Executive Committee meeting 
at Bunn's Restaurant, Delaware, Ohio 

16 National Youth Sunday 

JUNE — Ministerial Student Aid emphasis month 
10-12 Indiana District Conference at Shipshewana 

Retreat Center 
25-26 General Conference Executive Committee 

meeting at Park Street Brethren Church 
8-10 Central District Conference at the Lanark 

First Brethren Church 
22-24 Southeast District Conference at the 

Hagerstown First Brethren Church 
22-24 Pennsylvania District Conference at Camp 




















































t— t 

t— ' 













A Garland InsfeacTbf Ashes 

Page 4 



A message to Brethren youth and adults 
from BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 




When Moses was teaching Israel about the covenant 
that God had made with them, he charged the people 
not only to "take heed" to themselves and to "keep thy 
soul diligently," but also to make known to their chil- 
dren and grandchildren the things they had seen and 
learned (Deut. 4:9-10). 

Moses' exhortation speaks to us as well. While the 
teaching of children and grandchildren is the particu- 
lar responsibility of parents and grandparents, it is 
not limited to them. Today, when so many parents and 
grandparents are not fulfilling this responsibility, it is 
important to have people in the church who are devot- 
ing their time to the youth. 

For this reason, I would like to dedicate this 
month's "Briefing" to the importance of youth advisors 
in the Brethren Church. I want to make three impor- 
tant points about youth advisors and their work. 

The first point I want to make is that youth advisors 
are often difficult to find. As a result, the youth in 
some churches are without any advisors at all. In 
other churches, while each group may have one ad- 
visor, there are no helpers or substitutes. As a result, 
the present advisors receive no relief from an overly 
extended period of active duty. Help and replacements 
are not available when needed. 

Youth advisors are very important to the success of 
a youth program in the local church. We do not have 
an adequate number of advisors now, let alone the in- 
creased number needed if our youth groups are to 
grow and multiply. You can see, then, how important 
it is to challenge potential youth workers to get in- 
volved in the youtb program of the Brethren Church. 

The second point I want to make is that youth ad- 
visors need to balance their involvement between two 
extremes. Some advisors seek to handle every detail of 
a group's activity. At the other extreme, some advisors 
never initiate any activity at all. The balance must be 
somewhere in between — with the balance shifting 
somewhat as the age and size of the group varies. The 
important principle is this: The adivsor's involvement 
should always enhance the group's own ability to han- 
dle responsibilities. 

My third point about youth advisors is that they 
should make use of the resources available from the 
Board of Christian Education. One such resource is 
the BYCommunicator, a newsletter that contains 
ideas and information for youth leaders and pastors. 
Another is the recently printed brochure, "Resources 
for Youth Ministries," which lists sources of materials 
on recreation, drama, puppetry, youth programming, 
and Bible studies. Youth advisors with specific prob- 
lems or questions can also write to the Board of Chris- 
tian Education office to receive advice, suggestions, 

and ideas for their youth work. 

The National BYC Convention held each August 
can also be considered a resource. This annual event 
gives youth and advisors a first-hand view of what 
BYC is all about, and sends them home with a re- 
newed enthusiasm for their own local youth program. 

This year's Convention will offer two brand new op- 
portunities for youth advisors. One of these will be 
breakfasts for youth advisors, to be held each morning 
before the Convention day begins. Active youth ad- 
visors are invited to attend these breakfasts in order 
to share ideas, learn what others are doing, and pre- 
pare for the future. (Watch for more information about 
these advisor breakfasts in next month's Evangelist). 

The second opportunity for advisors at this year's 
Convention will be to serve as dorm parents. This year 
the youth will be staying in their own dorm — separate 
from the adults who are attending General Confer- 
ence. The BCE is offering free housing to couples or 
singles who are willing to serve as dorm parents in 
this youth dorm. This will provide youth advisors and 
others interested in youth a chance to share their tal- 
ents and their witness with the youth attending the 

The importance of youth advisors to the success of 
the youth program of the Brethren Church can't be 
stressed enough. We need to continually challenge 
adults to become involved in this important ministry. 

BCE announces additional Crusader 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of Christian Education 
has announced the selection of an additional 1982 
Summer Crusader. She is April Goebel. 

April is from Cerro Gordo, 111., and is a first-time 
Crusader. She joins Mikki Brandenburg, Jerry Kerno- 
han, David Logan, and Captain Lyn Ellis on the 
drama team "GLAD" (God Led And Directed). 

Other 1982 Summer Crusaders were announced in 
last month's issue of the Evangelist (page 20). 

WRRS helps 32,000 refugees 

Nyack, N.Y.— World Relief Refugee Services (WRRS) 
recently reported that 32,000 refugees from around 
the world have been helped to resettle since WRRS 
was founded in 1979. In 1981, 10,200 refugees were 
relocated, including Afghan, African, Eastern Euro- 
pean, and Indochinese refugees. 

WRRS is the National Association of Evangelicals 
agency through which Brethren' churches are encour- 
aged to sponsor refugees. Contact WRRS at P.O. Box 
WRC, Nyack, NY 10960 if you are willing to help. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75c 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 
Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


What would be your reaction if 
you lost your home and nearly all 
your worldly possessions in a 
fire? Earl Miller had such an ex- 
perience. On pages 4-7 he tells 
how God turned even this ex- 
perience into a blessing. 

Cover drawing by Howard Mack 

Vol. 104, No. 5 

May 1982 




A Garland Instead of Ashes 

Earl Miller relates how God used what most people would re- 
gard as a tragedy as a means of bringing spiritual renewal and 
commitment to his life. 

General Conference 1982 

Moderator Frederick Finks encourages Brethren to begin mak- 
ing plans to attend this years General Conference. 

Honoring the Lord as Women 

Jesus loved and accepted women, says Julia Flora. To honor 
Him, women must seek to fulfill their potential to love and 
serve Him. 

Peace Pentecost 

Jim Wallis calls on Christians to express their opposition to the 
nuclear arms race by participating in a "Peace Pentecost" on 
May 30. 

> ■ #♦# ■ * 

Serving His Youth and Yours . . . 

The Board of Christian Education 
National Youth Program Update 

Highlights of this year's national program for Brethren Youth. 

Brethren Youth: a Worthy Investment 

Brethren people will never lose by investing time, money, and 
themselves in youth, according to Julie Schiefer. 

Ministering to Collegians and Young Adults 

Julie Schiefer presents guidelines and suggestions for minis- 
tering to this crucial age group in the church. 

What Are Our Youth Saying to Us? 

If we are to influence our youth for Christ, we must listen to 
what they are saying to us and examine the example we are 
providing for them, warns Archie Nevins. 






2 BYC Briefing 
19 Update 
22 The Salt Shaker 

Our Slip Is Showing 

When you look at the back page, you may think something is 
missing. If so, your right. We forgot a word; and one of the most im- 
portant words at that — financer! In addition to investing in youth as 
a leader or a support person, you are also encouraged by the Board 
of Christian Education to invest in youth as a financer. Our 
apologies to the Board of Christian Education for leaving out this 
very important word. 







May 1982 




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A Garland Instead of Ashes 

by Earl L. Miller 

I'M seldom home on Sunday afternoon, but 
November 16, 1980, was different. My 
parents were in Pennsylvania. Consequently, 
my customary visit to their home in New 
Lebanon, Ohio, was an abbreviated one, 
made only for the purpose of feeding the dog 
and cat which share their address. 

Having ministered to these pets and has- 
tily scribbled a note, "Everything's fine," I 
journeyed the twelve miles back to my home, 
a townhouse condominium just outside Day- 
ton. I arrived there at approximately 3:15. 

Although inclined towards a nap, I elected 
to remain awake. At 4:00 my brother, Clair, 
was to serve as a "celebrity auctioneer" on 
the local public television station, assisting 
in its fund-raising efforts. I chose to read 
while I waited. Opening the patio draperies 

Mr. Miller is Senior Counselor at Colonel White 
High School in Dayton, Ohio. A former member 
of the Brethren Church, he now belongs to the 
Lutheran Church of Our Savior in Oakwood, Ohio. 
His parents are Rev. and Mrs. Percy C. Miller. 

would have resulted in a glare on the televi- 
sion screen I planned to watch later. Besides, 
it was a bright day and ample light by which 
to read was entering through the draperies. 
They remained closed. It was 3:30. 

The swift fading of the light was my initial 
cue that all was not well. As I drew the 
draperies aside, what I doubted to be a storm 
cloud was revealed to be a cloud of smoke. 
The garages located just fifteen feet away 
were barely visible. My attention was drawn 
to the left, across the row of six connected 
garages. And then I saw them! Flames were 
blazing through the smoke — flames that 
were at that moment destroying my neigh- 
bor's car and would soon similarly afflict 
mine and several others; flames that would 
sprint through and around the garages, kin- 
dle the exterior rear walls of the six con- 
dominiums, and then race through the two- 
story structure. The fire department received 
my call at 3:33. 

And the next day it snowed. The newspapers 
reported the four-and-a-half inch accumula- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"As we assess events 
and their consequences, 
what happened that 
afternoon and evening 
would be regarded as 
a tragedy." 

tion. But the foremost front page headline in 
the Dayton Daily News on November 17 was 
not about snow. "Fast moving fire destroys 
six condos" heralded an article recounting an 
event which suddenly had altered my Sun- 
day afternoon plans, and seemingly my life. 

As we assess events and their conse- 
quences, what happened that afternoon and 
evening would be regarded as a tragedy. 
Three fire companies, with their sixty-two 
personnel and twenty-one pieces of equip- 
ment, were chiefly effective only in preserv- 
ing other, neighboring condominiums. What 
earlier that day had been the residences of 
my five neighbors and myself — sheltering 
necessities, conveniences, and some lux- 
uries — was quickly reduced to several feet of 
ashes by this four-alarm fire. By evening 
it was an ugly, unseemly sight: dark ruins 
illuminated only by the spotlights of the 
emergency equipment; beams hanging pre- 
cariously, no longer needed for the support 
they once supplied; puddles of ineffectual 

I felt an intense longing — an urgency — to 
enter the area bounded now by fragmented 
walls to retrieve something, anything. 
"There's nothing there," I kept saying to my- 
self, reluctant to hear, less willing to believe. 
Instead I sat in a neighbor's home farther up 
the street, watching and holding my two 
cats, searched for and found as the sounds of 
fire had crescendoed around me. They were 
the only possessions I rescued before smoke 
prevented me from re-entering my home. 

The days that followed were not easy. I 
spent many painful hours sifting through 
ashes, uncovering elements of the past, most 
of which were nearly unrecognizable. These 
irreplaceable items — mementos, souvenirs, 
gifts, pictures — we retain and store, and 
though we may seldom look at them, we al- 
ways know they're there. Except when some- 
thing like this happens! Then there were the 
weeks during which everything I had owned 
lay encased in frozen ashes, awaiting the 

passing of winter so that they could be re- 
moved. There was also the need to inventory 
those former possessions from memory for in- 
surance purposes. A decision also had to be 
made about rebuilding. And once that deci- 
sion was made, there was the frustration I 
experienced as reconstruction didn't quite 
adhere to the anticipated schedule. 

But in contrast to these experiences, there 
were the bright, exciting moments. One of 
these was the day when, during one of my 
many hours of digging, I discovered several 
unbroken collectors plates and some porce- 
lain figurines. These, following zealous 
scrubbing by my mother, show minimal ef- 
fects of the fire and will be retained as a con- 
nection with the past. Then there was the 
condominium association meeting on April 
21, 1981, when we learned that the insur- 
ance settlement was adequate for reconstruc- 
tion and voted to proceed. Other bright 
moments included the day the initial build- 
ing materials arrived; the afternoon when I 
discovered, on one of my numerous inspec- 
tions of progress, that a floor had been con- 
structed across new beams, and that I could 





Miller's mother, Rosalie, examines a few of the 
items recovered from the ashes. It required vigor- 
ous scrubbing on her part to remove the effects of 
the fire on these pieces. 

May 1982 

walk again where my second story rooms had 
been. And there was the day we watched in 
awe and fascination as the garages were 
pieced together, six garages erected in one 
day. And, finally, there was the day I deliv- 
ered a carload of newly-assembled posses- 
sions to the reconstructed condominium. 
That occurred September 16, 1981, ten 
months to the day after the fire. 


I do not profess to be an expert on the sub- 
ject of suffering as a result of this experience. 
Much greater suffering has been endured by 
many others, some of whom will read these 
words. And what is our suffering compared 
with that which Christ endured for us? But 
to an extent, I have "sat where they sat" 
(Ezek. 3:15), and feel compelled — obligated — 
to offer some thoughts on what I learned. 
Perhaps something expressed here will assist 
another in finding peace during a time of suf- 

First, I found it was crucial to refrain from 
assigning excessive significance to the nega- 
tive aspects of the situation. The words of 
Jesus recorded in Matthew 6:19, a familiar 
verse, provide the exhortation, "Do not lay 
up for yourselves treasures on earth, where 
moth and rust consume and where thieves 

Miller stands in front of his rebuilt condominium, 
which he reoccupied on September 16, 1981, ten months 
to the day after fire destroyed his original home. 

"What could have been days 
of emptiness, darkness, j 
and despair were instead 
days of spiritual renewal 
and commitment/ 9 J 

break in and steal ..." (RSV). These words 
emphasize the temporal nature of our posses- 

Although Jesus did not specifically men- 
tion fire, the truth that our material goods 
are subject to the elements is explicit and un- 
deniable. The things we amass will age, wear 
out, break, discolor, decay, may be stolen, 
and yes, may be consumed by fire. They have 
their existence and their functions for a time, 
for a season. Treasures on earth have limited 
value and usefulness today and may have 
none tomorrow. Contentment perpetuated by 
the possession of earthly goods is as vulnera- 
ble as their existence. The things that are 
seen are transient (II Cor. 4:18). What great- 
er, abiding peace of mind will result when 
our treasures are in things above, for the 
things that are unseen are eternal (same 
verse)! To be sure, I mourned for many of the 
things that lay in those ashes. But that 
mourning was restrained by the assurances 
of the Scriptures of greater treasures to 
come, treasures that moth and rust (and fire) 
cannot destroy and that thieves cannot steal. 

My adjustment to the fire and the result- 
ing conditions was not instantaneous. It oc- 
curred over a span of time, and indeed con- 
tinues. It has been both physically and men- 
tally fatiguing. 

But during the months that followed, a 
great source of strength was the comfort so 
generously granted by those around me. 
"Comfort, comfort my people," says the Lord 
(Isa. 40:1). And comfort me they did! Liter- 
ally hundreds of people reached out, touched 
my life, and offered of themselves. Through 
various means, family, neighbors, co-work- 
ers, church members, friends, even strangers 
sincerely expressed grief, sorrow, sympathy, 
understanding, encouragement, concern, and 
a desire to assist. They bore, shared, and 
therefore lessened my burden (Gal. 6:2). 

Today I comprehend far better than before 
the value of comfort to one who mourns 
and how blessed the mourner can be by that 
comfort (Matt. 5:4). Regrettably, I know that 
those persons will never be fully aware of the 

The Brethren Evangelist 

depth of my gratitude. But to them I hear 
Jesus saying, "as you did it to one of the least 
of these my brethren, you did it to me" (Matt. 
25:40, RSV). They will have their reward. 

Worship, with its opportunities for praise, 
supplication, meditation, instruction, and 
dedication, has also been a tremendous help 
to me. It began the following Sunday, when 
the choir's anthem explored our reasons for 
loving God, and concluded (triple forte), 
Solely because thou art my God and my eter- 
nal King. Eternal King! What had occurred 
the previous week did not — could not — alter 
that or any of those other promises to which I 
was clinging. 

The hymn texts likewise expressed well 
my special desires and feelings. For example: 

Should Thy mercy send me 
Sorrow, toil, or woe; 
Or should pain attend me 
On my path below; 
Grant that I may never 
Fail Thy hand to see; 
Grant that I may ever 
Cast my care on Thee. 

(In the Hour of Trial) 

And the pastor's meditations, so intensely 
personal, often left me expressing my inaudi- 

ble "Wow, I needed that!" Worshiping in the 
house of the Lord was a calming force in the 
midst of my storm. God was, indeed, my 
"refuge and strength, a very present help 
in trouble" (Psa. 46:1, RSV). 

Christ learned obedience through suffering 
(Heb. 5:8). Should I not also use my suffering 
to learn, to grow, and to acquire endurance, 
character, and hope (Romans 5:3-5)? What 
could have been days of emptiness, darkness, 
and despair were instead days of spiritual re- 
newal and commitment. They were days of 
experiencing a remarkable peace which 
passes all understanding (Phil. 4:7), of feel- 
ing a deeper sensitivity to the suffering of 
others, and an increased desire to think 
about those things which are true, honor- 
able, just, pure, lovely, gracious, and worthy 
of praise (Phil. 4:8). 

Yes, I rejoice in the suffering I was permit- 
ted to endure (Romans 5:3), and because of it 
I can further declare with Paul that "the suf- 
ferings of this present time are not worth 
comparing with the glory that is to be re- 
vealed to us" (Romans 8:18, RSV). God has 
indeed granted me "a garland instead of 
ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourn- 
ing, the mantle of praise instead of a faint 
spirit" (Isa. 61:3, RSV). [t] 

General Conference 1982 

Dear Friends, 

The time is quickly approaching for the 
1982 General Conference of the Brethren 
Church, to be held on the campus of Ashland 
College during the week of August 9-13. 
Many of you will be making plans to attend 
as you have in the past. Others will be plan- 
ning their first trip to our Conference. This 
year will prove to be another rewarding ex- 
perience and a wonderful opportunity to 
gather with Brethren from across the conti- 
nent and around the world. 

Our theme is "Members in One Body" from 
Romans 12:4, and will emphasize our rich 
Brethren heritage of being a community of 
believers linked together for the common 
cause of Christ. Our featured speaker will be 
Dr. David Augsburger, whose experience 
with the church will provide us a valuable 
resource in continuing to build harmony and 
love throughout our brotherhood. 

Many valuable workshops are being 

May 1982 

planned to both inspire and educate. A num- 
ber of our Brethren elders will be sharing 
throughout the Conference. An emphasis on 
discipleship is being planned through the 
Board of Christian Education. So there is 
much to look forward to in the months ahead. 
Beyond that, General Conference provides 
us an opportunity to come together as Breth- 
ren and join in the larger part of our mission. 
Missions, benevolences, Christian education, 
college, seminary, world relief, and publish- 
ing are all areas of the broader ministry that 
we can perform as Brethren when we are 
linked together in the cause of Christ. 

I hope that you will personally try to be 
with us in Ashland this year, for your par- 
ticipation enables us to be "Members of One 

Yours in Christ, 

Dr. Frederick J. Finks 


Honoring the Lord 

as Women 

by Julia Flora 

JESUS CHRIST, our example, loved 
women — all women. He showed tender 
compassion for a grieving widow (Luke 7:11- 
17). He allowed a suspected prostitute to em- 
brace him publicly (Luke 7:36-50). He did not 
chide a woman with a female disease when 
she touched His robe (Luke 8:42-48). He even 
accepted women as part of His band of disci- 
ples, allowing them to minister to His needs 
(Luke 8:1-3). 

Jesus' attitude toward women provides a 
striking contrast to the attitude of a tribe in 
Irian Jaya (New Guinea). In his missionary 
book, Lords of the Earth, Don Richardson 
tells that in this particular tribe, the "men 
aeons earlier found it necessary to exclude 
women from all matters of religion. When it 
came to a choice between obeying the spirits 
and yielding to some natural instinct such as 
mother love, women were undependable." So 
the men had purged their religion of all 
female participation. 

This tribe's suppression of female religious 
instincts caused severe problems for the 
women. Deprived of all feelings of religious 
exaltation, and sensing constantly their reli- 
gion's enmity toward them, these women 
lived in perpetual psychological depression. 
Their suicide rate was ten times greater than 
that of the men, and many times greater 
than that of women of other tribes. Deprived 
of all opportunities for religious expression, 
these women found life not worth living. 

As a woman, I am very thankful that I live 
in the United States and at this time in his- 
tory! But that does not mean that our society 
is without problems in its attitudes to- 

Mrs. Flora, a member of the Park Street Breth- 
ren Church, teaches piano and is employed part- 
time at The Carpenter's Shop. 

ward women. In these days, women's issues 
still loom large. Men and women react to 
them in various ways. Some try to keep their 
heads in the sand and pretend the problems 
don't exist. Others make light of the issues 
and joke about them. Still others feel 
threatened and become angry, causing 

The solution to these issues, and to all our 
problems, is to turn to Christ and His word. 
Jesus came into this world to be where we 
are, to teach us, to show us a better way. 

The New Testament records at least 26 
times when Jesus spoke with or about 
women. Some of these incidents are recorded 
in more than one Gospel, so there are a total 
of almost 50 references. It is particularly in- 
teresting that during the very important 
time of Jesus' death and resurrection, women 
are mentioned in all four of the Gospels. 
Throughout Jesus' ministry, women honored 
Christ by being with Him, supporting His 
work, and being His disciples. 

By studying these various passages, we 
find that Jesus, above all, understood and af- 
firmed women. A friend remarked that she 
thought Jesus seemed more human when He 
conversed with women. 

The place of women in Christian ministry 
is a big issue in the church now, and it won't 
go away. It is on the agenda! Just a few 
months ago, Karen Mains wrote, "That the 
church is still discussing the 'changing' role 
of women shows we are woefully unaware of 
what has already happened .... For all prac- 
tical purposes, the role of women has already 
changed, and ministry is obliged to deal with 
what exists now. ... by 1990 three-fourths of 
all married women and two-thirds of all 
mothers will hold jobs. . . . These facts alone 
demand that the church take a different at- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"Each woman will find 
her own special way to 
honor the Lord and to 
gain respect. She doesn 't 
have to have the same 
talents or participate 
in the same activities 
as others. God has a 
unique path for each 
person to follow.' 9 

titude toward women's ministries" (Chris- 
tianity Today, July 17, 1981, p. 57). 

We need to examine carefully and honestly 
all passages in the Bible concerning women, 
not just a select few. We should also read 
various books on the subject, books with dif- 
fering points of view. 

One such book is Woman in the World of 
Jesus, written by a husband-wife team, 
Evelyn and Frank Staggs. The Staggs write, 
"It seems to us that the greater our openness 
to the manner and teaching of Jesus, the 
greater the freedom and the responsibility of 
women (and all others) in the gifts and the 
demands of Him who is the head of His body, 
the church." 

The Old Testament can also teach us about 
the role of women. In the wisdom book of 
Proverbs, chapter 31 describes a capable 
woman. Verses 30 and 31 read, "Charm is 
deceptive and beauty disappears, but a 
woman who honors the Lord should be 
praised. Give her credit for all she does. She 
deserves the respect of everyone" (TEV). 

In her book The Complete Woman, Pat 
Gundry says, "The way to keep on becoming 
who you want to be, to make yourself the 
complete person you potentially are, is to: 
Make daily choices that send you in the di- 
rection you want to go; begin again when you 
have made a poor choice or developed an at- 
titude you don't want; or gotten in a pinch 
that sends you in the direction you do not 
want to go. Stop where you are and begin 

A complete woman finds out who she is 
— what good qualities, talents, desires, 
kindnesses, and longings she has. She feeds 
the inner person so that she will grow. Each 
woman will also find her own special way to 
honor the Lord and to gain respect. She 

doesn't have to have the same talents or par- 
ticipate in the same activities as others. God 
has a unique path for each person to follow. 

Christianity is not a system of organized 
religious beliefs in the same way that Hin- 
duism or Islam may be. Christianity is a re- 
lationship between two living persons — 
Jesus Christ and the believer. Rules, regula- 
tions, trappings of organized Christianity 
may be needed, but they are superficial if 
they interfere with our relationship to 

Christ Jesus has paid a very high price for 
our love and companionship. He wants us 
close to Him, beside Him. To have this kind 
of relationship, we must spend time with 
Him. It's important first that we love, adore, 
and honor Him. 

The balanced life is what we must aim for 
in order to be the person we want to be. We 
may need to make some changes, but not too 
many too quickly. Our lives should be both 
relaxed and flexible. The Serenity Prayer is 
helpful: "God grant me the Serenity to accept 
the things I cannot change, the Courage to 
change the things I can, and the Wisdom to 
know the difference." 

To honor the Lord we seek completeness — 
we seek to fulfill our potential using all our 
resources. Isn't that why God made us? And 
isn't that why He put all those women in the 
Bible and included in the Old Testament the 
thirty-first chapter of Proverbs? 

To be like this woman in Proverbs 31 is to 
be a quality person — to be who you are, all 
the good things, all the positive things. 
When we have a quality relationship with 
Christ, we will have a quality relationship 
with our spouses and with others as well. 

Who is this woman in Proverbs? Let her be 
you. [t] 







May 1982 


Peace Pentecost 

by Jim Wallis 

ONE bright spot in the darkening picture of 
the nuclear arms race is the growing opposi- 
tion to it. One veteran political reporter said to 
me recently, "There is no question that a peace 
movement is emerging in opposition to nuclear 
weapons. And the foundation of it is in the 
churches." It would be a divine irony if an evil as 
great as the prospect of nuclear war would become 
an occasion for the renewal of the church. Yet 
that seems to be exactly what is happening. 

We are witnessing the beginnings of a conver- 
sion in the churches — a conversion to peace. The 
signs of it are everywhere. It is a movement of 
faith and conscience, not just a political phenome- 
non. Where the commitment to peace is emerging, 
so is Bible study, prayer, the renewal of worship, 
and community. 

The new Christian peace movement is taking 
hold at the local level and is deeply ecumenical. 
Catholics are working beside Mennonites, 
evangelicals, and mainline Protestants. The ur- 
gent matter of peace has the ability to unite the 
denominations more than anything has in years. 
It is increasingly important that this unity of 
Christian conscience be demonstrated publicly. 

The prospect of many Christians and their 
churches turning toward peace would certainly 
pose a powerful political challenge to current gov- 
ernment policies. A great opportunity for collec- 
tive Christian witness is emerging. The con- 
vergence of a number of significant events and 
plans suggests that some Spirit movement is 

The celebration of Pentecost this year falls on 
Sunday, May 30. Memorial Day falls on the same 
day, though the official observance is on Monday. 
For three years now, many Sojourners readers 
have held services in their cities and local areas 
on Memorial Day to worship and pray for peace in 
the face of the arms race. 

Peace Sabbath has been a program of congrega- 
tional worship services for peace, co-sponsored by 
Riverside Church Disarmament Program, the Fel- 
lowship of Reconciliation, Clergy and Laity Con- 

Mr. Wallis is editor of Sojourners magazine. 

cerned, and the Religious Task Force of the 
Mobilization for Survival! It, too, has greatly 
helped to focus the question of peace in religious 
congregations for the last three years. Last year, 
more than 3,000 services were held in cities and 
congregations across the country on Peace Sab- 
bath and Memorial Day. 

This year, those of us who have sponsored Peace 
Sabbath and Memorial Day services are joining 
together with other groups to call for a "Weekend 
of Worship and Witness" on Pentecost and the 
Memorial Day weekend of May 28 to 30. Our com- 
mon theme will be taken from Deuteronomy 
15:19: "Choose life so that you and your children 
may live." 

Pax Christi, New Call to Peacemaking, World 
Peacemakers, the Atlantic Life Community, 
Evangelicals for Social Action, the Pacific Life 
Community, The Baptist Peacemaker, and Prolif- 
ers for Survival are already a part of this joint 
effort. The National Leadership Conference of 
Women Religious is organizing Catholic religious 
women all over the country in a common witness 
for peace on Pentecost Sunday. And the Kentucky 
Baptist Convention has designated May 30 as 
Peace Sunday. Hopefully, this is only the begin- 

We would like to see as many congregations as 
possible involved in prayer and action on Pente- 
cost Sunday, which is only a few days before the 
opening of the United Nations Second Special Ses- 
sion on Disarmament. It is not hard to see the im- 
portance of such a witness coming from the 
churches of the United States at that critical time. 

These events will neither be co-ordinated cen- 
trally nor controlled. We are simply making a call 
for fervent prayer and public witness, beseeching 
the Holy Spirit to empower the people of God for 
active peacemaking. The location of our prayers 
and witness will be our local congregations and 
our own cities. 

After services of worship and prayer, we will 
make pilgrimages to a nuclear facility in our city 
or local area where nuclear weapons are being de- 
veloped, assembled, stored, deployed, or where de- 
cisions are being made to continue the arms race. 
As congregations from the area gather at these 


The Brethren Evangelist 

nuclear sites, we will pray to be empowered by the 
Spirit of God as we seek to make peace in our 

times. We envision 
their houses of worship 
way to nuclear sites to 
the power of the Holy 

troubled and violent 
thousands gathering in 
and then making their 
pray for peace through 

The world's eyes will be focused on the opening 
of the U.N. Special Session. Therefore, we have a 
unique opportunity to offer a clear and unified 
witness on the eve of an important gathering that 
will focus international attention on the need for 
peace. The European Peace Movement has made 
nuclear disarmament a public issue. The Nuclear 
Free Pacific Movement has drawn people together 
from Japan to the Pacific islands and all the way 
to California. The non-aligned nations of the 
Third World have been pressing the superpowers 
for serious arms reductions to no avail, and have 
become the countries most responsible for these 
special U.N. sessions on disarmament. 

The awakening of the church in this country 
can make a vital contribution to an international 
movement for peace. From small communities of 
nuclear resisters taking high risks to an ever- 
widening circle of Christian peacemakers, the 
spirit of peace has steadily grown in our U.S. 
churches. What better occasion to show the depth 
and breadth of that new spirit and our solidarity 

with brothers and sisters around the world than 
on the eve of the U.N. conference and on the feast 
of Pentecost? 

Joining together in this way across the country 
could be the beginning of wider cooperation for 
peace among the churches and in the religious 
community. The idea of this event is one of each of 
us working through our own channels and con- 
stituencies, developing our own plans and re- 
sources, but acting together at the same time with 
a common theme, purpose, and discipline of 
prayer and public witness. 

Congregational worship resources are available 
from Sojourners Peace Ministry (1309 L Street 
NW, Washington, DC 20005) or from the Peace 
Sabbath Program (490 Riverside Drive, New 
York, NY 10027). Sojourners will also help you 
with information and contacts and will aid you in 
finding the nuclear facilities in your area. Please 
write or call to tell us if your congregations will 
be participating so that we can let others in your 
area know about your plans. Similar help is avail- 
able from all of the groups who are joining to- 
gether in this effort. 

Let us seek the power of the Spirit together and 
make this a very special Pentecost — a Peace 
Pentecost. I t I 

Reprinted by permission from Sojourners magazine, 1309 L Street 
NW, Washington, DC 20005. 

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p ■ 


Serving His Youth and Yours . . . 

National Youth Program Update 

FOR many years the National Brethren 
Youth Crusaders have been sponsored 
by the Board of Christian Education (BCE). 
You might say that the BCE is the "chief 
BYC advisor" for the denomination. This re- 
sponsibility includes gathering registrations 
from youth each fall, choosing and promoting 
a theme for each year, planning and over- 
seeing the annual Youth Convention, execut- 
ing youth publications — The Morning Star 
and BY Communicator, and serving as con- 
sultants to groups and individuals as they 
carry on their local youth program. Here is 
an update of what's happening in these areas 
right now: 

Registration: Approximately 700 youth 
have registered with the National BYC this 
year. This is down from past years. Part of 
the decline could be attributed to the overall 
decline of the youth population, although we 
believe this is only a minor factor. An aver- 
age enrollment for BYC is 900-1000. Na- 
tional Statistician Tom Grumbling recently 
sent letters to all churches that hadn't regis- 
tered any youth, encouraging them to do so. 
We are hoping the response to his letter 
might bring us closer 'to our average. The 
final date for registering is May 31. 

Theme: "Called to Give" is the BYC theme 
this year, and it is portrayed on a brochure 
that is sent to youth when they register. This 
theme coordinates p 
with the General 
Conference theme, 
"Members in One 
Body." Both themes 
are taken from Ro- 
mans 12. As "Mem- 
bers of One Body," 
we are each given 
spiritual gifts to use 
for God. It is our 
duty to discover 
what that gift may 
be and then to use 
it! Our aim for BYC 

this year is that each youth in the Brethren 
Church should feel a call to give of his or 
her talent for the work of the Lord and of the 
Brethren Church! 

Convention: Planning for the 1982 BYC 
Convention is well underway! Highlights 
this year will include Youth Communion, a 
BYC Quiz Competition, a separate "Youth 
Dorm," and a special performance by il- 
lusionist/impersonist Danny Korem. Danny 
is what one might term a "Christian magi- 
cian." He will amaze us with demonstrations 
of ESP and other trickery, and then explain 
how all is just an illusion. His message is 
that we should not be deceived, but rather 
believe in the only great power, that of 
Christ Jesus. Youth will be admitted free to 
this event as a part of their Convention reg- 
istration fee. Adults will be able to purchase 
tickets during Conference week. 

Other: The Board of Christian Education's 
members are divided into task forces that 
work to meet specific needs. One of these 
groups is the Youth Ministries Task Force. 
During the past year this task force set out 
to collect, re- 
view, and com- 

pile a list , of ■ Resources *©* 

resources that ^^ ^^ 

are available TOtttll Ministries 

for local 

churches to use 
in youth minis- 
try. The BCE 
has published 
this list in 
brochure form 
and has dis- 
tributed it to 

pastors and youth advisors. It is entitled "Re- 
sources for Youth Ministries" and contains 
materials for recreation, drama, puppetry, 
youth programming, and Bible studies. 
Extra copies are available at no charge. Just 
write to the BCE and request one. 
National Youth Sunday: A highlight of 

e**mpit«{ oy the Xootfc M&fatrtse Task "Pore* 
Board erf C3>ri*W»£<fett«ti&a, The Brothwa Church 

Drama & Puppetry 

Youth Programming & 
Bible Studies 

is N 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Board of Christian Education 

youth month is the one Sunday — this year it 
is May 16 — that is set aside to honor the 
youth of your church. The Board of Christian 
Education hopes that churches celebrate 
Youth Sunday by having the youth partici- 
pate in the worship service and by honoring 

their presence in the life of the church. 

The Board of Christian Education stands 
ready to serve. If we can aid or counsel you 
in your local youth program, please call on 
us. May your May Youth Month hold spe- 
cial blessings for you! [t] 

Brethren Youth: a Worthy Investment 

by Julie Schiefer 

I HAVE been amazed recently at the grow- 
ing number of investment opportunities 
offered by local banks: "Twenty-five percent 
interest on IRA funds until April 1." "Earn 
up to $2,000 tax-free interest on new All- 
Savers certificates." "Open a money market 
account with a minimum deposit of only 
$100." And the list goes on. 

These days it's difficult to distinguish a 
good investment from a bad one. An impor- 
tant consideration for most people is whether 
or not the funds are insured. In other words, 
if anything happens, will they get their in- 
vestment back? 

Financial investments are a worldly thing. 
When we're gone, they're not worth anything 
to us. Now I'm not suggesting that we should 
never invest our money in anything. But we 
must remember that God calls us to set our 
sights not on things of the earth, but on 
things above (Col. 3:1-2). Are all of our re- 
sources being invested for our own gain, or 
are we focusing some efforts on the things 
that count for His kingdom? 

I can think of an investment right now 
that is never risky, always reaps rewards, 
and helps further the kingdom of heaven 
through the Brethren Church. It is, of course, 
Brethren Youth! Thinking back over the last 
several years that I've been involved with 
the National Brethren Youth program, it's 
enlightening — and encouraging — to see the 

The old cliche, "Today's youth are tomor- 
row's leaders," is really true! Take, for exam- 
ple, some of our past Brethren Youth Mod- 
Mrs. Schiefer is employed by the Board of Chris- 
tian Education as administrative secretary. 

erators. Do you recognize these names? Dave 
Kerner (in missionary training at Fuller 
Theological Seminary in California), Jim 
Miller (associate pastor of the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church), Ken Van Duyne 
(director of Camp Shipshewana), Steve Zerbe 
(pastor of the Kokomo, Ind., Brethren 
Church). As Youth Moderators, they were 
youth developing potential. Now they are 
leaders in the Brethren Church. If no one 
had "invested" time, nurture, and money to 
encourage them to pursue a higher calling, 
where would they be now? 

The Brethren Church can be proud of its 
youth program. It offers opportunities for 
youth to serve their church and community, 
to grow in faith, and to commit themselves to 
a life of fuller service to Christ. But it can 
only do these things as long as Brethren are 
willing to invest in their youth. The Breth- 
ren Youth program is financed primarily in 
three ways: (1) by budgeted giving of local 
churches to the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion; (2) by a portion of the BYC Ingathering 
budget (money raised by the youth them- 
selves); and (3) by individual giving. 

How much are you willing to invest? Not 
' just financially — but of yourself. In order to 
develop our youth into highly-committed 
Christian adults, we need highly-committed 
leaders — people who will invest their tim.*, 
gifts, concern, and encouragement. We also 
need support people — people in the church 
who will come to youth-sponsored events, 
furnish transportation, and pray for them. 

Whether you are a financer, a leader, or a 
supporter, you will never lose by investing in 
youth. Get involved now! The rewards will be 
many. [f] 





May 1982 


Serving His Youth and Yours 

Ministering to Collegians 
and Young Adults 

by Julie Schiefer 

THE age of young adulthood is a crucial 
one in the church. It's where we either 
lose them or develop some of our most faith- 
ful church members. 
Recently, while at 
the National Youth 
Workers Convention, I \£f 
attended a workshop fEm 
on developing a min- 
istry to collegians and 
young adults. The 
workshop was led by 
Bill McNabb, minister 
of youth and educa- 
tion at the First 
Christian Church of 
Concord, California, 
and an associate staff 
member of Youth Spe- 
cialties. Bill related 
some sound principles and insights that I'd 
like to share with you in this article. 

The Need 

Why do we need a ministry for collegians 
and young adults, especially since our college 
students are away most of the year? It is be- 
cause the church loses more members be- 
tween the ages of 18 and 29 than in any 
other age group. This is a critical age — one 
filled with change points, searching, and 
mixed commitments. If the church doesn't 
make an effort to meet the needs of young 
adults, it will lose them to something that 
will meet their needs. It's that simple. 

Young adults face many choices. Early 
adult development is characterized by de- 
pendency vs. independency, security vs. ad- 
venture, and disillusionment vs. hope. Young 
adults want to be free to "do their own thing" 
and explore the possibilities of life. Yet they 
have a great need to create a stable life 

Mrs. Schiefer- is employed by the Board of Chris- 
tian Education as administrative secretary. 


structure. Dating and marriage are excel- 
lent examples of this search for a stable life. 
Erik Erikson, a well-known psychoanalyst, 
^''iSfSL " ir A* theorized that all in- 
"flPwvfi«d^#~ dividuals go through 
a series of develop- 
mental tasks at each 
age level. For young 
adults, the develop- 
ment includes a search 
for identity ("Who am 
I?"), intimacy ("To 
whom am I signifi- 
cant?"), and genera- 
te vity ("To what can I 
jt give myself?"). 

Young adults are 
questioning what they 
believe, are develop- 
ing and experiment- 
ing with relationships, and are looking for 
causes to which they can devote themselves. 
These "causes" can include anything from j 
anti-nuclear demonstrations to career devel- 
opment to childbearing to volunteer work. 
They need help interpreting reality. The 
church can help meet their needs. It should 
provide them opportunities for close friend- 
ships, make them feel needed and wanted in 
the church by offering them jobs, and guide 
them in their important life-changing deci- 
sions by providing special studies on dating, 
marriage and family, and current issues. 

It is also important to understand the faith 
development of young adults. Faith develop- 
ment has been divided into four categories: 
(1) Experienced Faith (what we see in others 
that makes us want to experience more); (2) 
Affiliative Faith (the learning of values and 
beliefs of the community in which we live); 
(3) Searching Faith (doubts and questions); 
and (4) Owned Faith (true conversion). Al- 
though young adults can be at any of these 
stages, most are probably at the searching or 
owned stages. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

The Board of Christian Education 

Those in the searching stage (teens in par- 
ticular) will begin to doubt and question the 
beliefs and practices with which they have 
grown up. If we can understand that "search- 
ing" does not necessarily mean "losing," we 
can help them through this stage by answer- 
ing their questions as straightforwardly as 
possible and by giving them room to doubt. 
It may seem risky, especially to parents, be- 
cause we fear that they'll turn away from the 
church. But in most cases, they don't! In fact, 
we can actually help them the most by not 
enforcing strict orthodoxy. Let them decide 
whether or not to attend mid-week Bible 
study and Sunday night worship, for exam- 
ple. They need the freedom to choose. 

Those young adults who have an Owned 
Faith will often experience a period of recon- 
ciliation — making their beliefs and lifestyles 
coincide. Sometimes there is conflict here, 
and again, we have to allow them the free- 
\ dom to resolve those conflicts. Give them ac- 
j cess to adult Christian mentors. Let them be 
influenced by the example of others. 

| Areas of Ministry 

Now that we understand where the young 
adult is coming from, we can explore some 
specific areas of ministry to them. Keep in 
mind that a ministry to young adults should 
not be: 

— Impersonal. Personal contact is vital for 
developing relationships, setting examples, 

— Evaluated solely by results. How many at- 
tended an event is of no value. The question 
is, Was it meaningful to those who partici- 

— Entertainment. They need more than this. 
— Manipulation. Remember to allow freedom 
to choose. 

A ministry to young adults should be: 
— Gospel based. Helping them find a spir- 
itual center in their lives. 
— Need centered. Finding out where it itches, 
and scratching it. 

— Loving without strings. Commitments are 
sometimes fickle. Affirm their worth without 
expecting anything in return. 
— Integrative. Bringing them together in the 

The quickest way to kill any group is to 
call them together and ask, "What do you 

want to do?" Those who will develop and lead 
a young adult ministry have to be perceptive 
enough to know where to start. The needs 
just discussed should help. Here are some 
other practical suggestions. 

Program Suggestions 

— Bible studies. Dig deep; don't insult their 
intelligence. If they are exploring, they will 
want to explore deeply. 
— Socials. A variety of them. 
— Retreats. Especially effective at the end of 
the summer, just before all the college stu- 
dents leave for school. Give them something 
to take with them. 

— Camps and workcamps. These meet their 
need to aid causes. Our own Brethren home 
missions offer several possibilities. 
— Intergenerational events. Do they really 
know the older people in the church? There's 
a lot to be gained from getting the two 
groups together. It's another chance to give 
them access to adult Christian mentors. 

One other suggestion relates particularly 
to college students. Let them know they're 
not forgotten even though they're away most 
of the year. Send them birthday cards and 
care packages. One church I know of gives a 
subscription to Guideposts to each of its col- 
lege students. Make the most of Christmas 
and summer vacations. Develop a bond that 
will last. Don't say "good-bye" when college 
days come, assuming they'll go their own 
way. They probably will! Instead, make them 
even more a part of your ministry. 

If they're attending a college near a Breth- 
ren church, send the pastor their names and 
addresses. Perhaps they can be affiliated 
with that fellowship. Churches with colleges 
nearby should try to hold special events for 
their college student members — coffeehouses, 
game nights, etc. Families can "adopt" col- 
lege students for the year and bring them 
home for Sunday dinner occasionally. The 
possibilities are endless. 

If the Brethren Church is going to grow, it 
needs to tap the tremendous resource of 
young adults. If we lose them, we are losing 
a great deal. Build a ministry to them that 
will enable them to make a commitment of 
service to the church for life. Are you reach- 
ing them? Or losing them? I challenge you to 
reach them — now. [t] 




*i'.: ! 

>•<!) j 

& i 

IP ■ 



May 1982 


Serving His Youth and Yours . . . 


What Are Our Youth Saying To Us? 

(And What Are We Saying To Them?) 

by Archie Nevins 

MUCH too often the church refuses to lis- 
ten to what its youth are saying. "Some- 
day we'll listen to you," we tell them. "Just 
wait until the world says you're old enough 
to vote. Then we'll let you into our 'real' 
spiritual groups. Then we'll let you help 
make decisions for the furtherance of the 
church. Then we'll listen to what you've 
learned from the Bible. Then we'll believe 
that the Holy Spirit is really speaking to 
you. But until the world is willing to accept 
you, how can you expect us to? 

"So until then, keep pace five steps behind 
us. Follow our example. Don't get too emo- 
tional and zealous and progressive. And lis- 
ten with your mouths closed." 

Stop, look, and listen 

Are we adults willing to stop and look at 
our youth? Are we willing to see how they 
dress? To look at their idols? To see what 
they're involved in and the pressures they 
face? To see the standards and morals they 
live by? Or do we feel that things really 
aren't that different from when we were kids 
— ten, twenty, thirty, or more years ago? 

Are we willing to stop and listen? To listen 
to their music? To listen to their feelings and 
goals? To listen to what their peers are push- 
ing them towards? To listen to what they're 
learning — in school and out? Are we willing 
to listen to the questions they're asking — and 
not the ones we want them to ask? 

Deuteronomy 6 calls upon parents and 
grandparents to share the responsibility of 
developing the future for the kingdom of 
God. We must first be a part of and be de- 
veloping that kingdom ourselves. Then we 
must know where our children are so that we 
know from where to lead them. We must 
stop, look, and listen in order to know what 
is influencing their lives. 

Rev. Nevins is pastor of the Washington, D.C., 
Brethren Church. 

In a recent survey taken by a Texas firm, 
75 percent of those interviewed felt that the 
Ten Commandments are good moral stand- 
ards to serve as guides for living. But of the 
25 percent who rejected the Ten Command- 
ments as a set moral standard, 92 percent 
were public school teachers, members of the 
press, and judges — three of the most influ- 
ential groups in our society. 

Look at the world of youth today. Most of 
their teachers — even many Christian 
teachers — have been taught and now teach 
humanistic values. They teach that fairness 
is more important than justice and mercy. 
They teach that persons don't need an out- 
side standard for living, such as the Bible. 
Rather, youth can make decisions for them- 
selves with those fantastic, developed brains 
these teachers are training. 

Why do you think it's so difficult for Chris- 
tians today to study the Bible? It's because 
they've been taught that they can rationalize 
out any situation just by using that brain of 

This humanistic viewpoint has opened the 
door for a superior race syndrome, equal 
rights extremism, acceptance of abortion and 
euthanasia, and many other sinful values 
that stand contrary to the word of God. Many 
Christians sluff this off. They think it isn't 
happening in their communities. 

Satan's deceptions 

But look at your school's textbooks; look at 
the courses offered in your local high school. 
Or better yet, talk to some young people 
about different situations and how they 
would deal with them. Many clear-cut stand- 
ards in the word of God have been 
rationalized away by a lot of the youth and 
adults of our day. 

So often we let our children go ahead and 
listen to their music without helping them 
establish scriptural guidelines for what en- 
ters their minds. With songs like "Let's Get 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Board of Christian Education 

Physical," "The Number of the Beast," "Cen- 
terfold," "The Other Woman," and "Love Is 
Where You Find It" hitting the top of the 
charts, we'd better start listening to what is 
being planted in our children's hearts. The 
master deceiver, Satan, talks parents into 
just accepting it "as a phase." As a result, 
Satan is getting a hold on many hearts that 
are reaching out and searching and then be- 
coming content with temporary highs. 

Three "holies" necessary 

Youth are crying out through their music, 
their writings, their art, and their lives. 
They are crying for freedom, for forgiveness, 
for someone to hear and care, and for an- 
swers to their loneliness, emptyness, inse- 
curity, their fear of death, and their fear of 
life. What is the church saying to these crys? 
There are three areas which the church 
needs to address in order to give stability 
and direction to youth. They are the three 
"holies" that are necessary if the church is to 
counteract our pluralistic society. 

The Holy Scriptures 

The first "holy" that Christ has given us to 
stand on and to share with our youth is the 
Holy Scriptures. We live in a day when 
many evangelicals have been more accepting 
of liberal perspectives on the Bible than 
those of fundamentalists. They have taken a 
man-oriented view of the inspiration of 
Scripture. As a result, our libertine society 
easily rationalizes away what it doesn't 
want. Gays, ERA extremists, and many 
others who desire to obliterate their guilt by 
lowering the standards have explained away 
certain passages of Scripture by saying that 
they are culturally based. They claim that 
these standards do not apply to our culture. 

But we, as the church, need to stand on the 
Holy Scriptures. We must let them speak 
with the authority with which they were 
written — as the very word of God. Time and 
cultural changes don't affect the standards of 
God's word. 

We need to take a renewed stand on the 
authority of God's word as it communicates 
God's mind and will to us. Only by taking 
such a stand can our faith and the faith of 
our youth grow and develop (Rom. 10:17). It 
is only as we allow God to speak to us 

What are youth saying to us by their in- 
creased use of alcohol and drugs and by their 
greater involvement in crime and vandalism? 

through His word that we can fight off Satan 
and his humanistic values and gain the vic- 

Youth are filled with energy and ques- 
tions. They want excitement in living and 
answers to their questions. The Holy Scrip- 
tures provide the foundation for our re- 
sponses to youth. 

Holy lives 

The next "holy" Christ gives us to share 
with youth is the holy life. A recent survey 
revealed that four out of every ten youth feel 
that the honesty and ethical standards of 
pastors are "average," "low," or "very low." 
They feel that pastors are so busy trying to 
remove their own guilt by lowering the basic 
standards that they are losing their credibil- 
ity. "If pastors can't set a high standard, how 
can we believe it's even possible?" they ask. 
Youth are busy fighting with sin, and they 
want some handles for overcoming it. Adults 
need to walk in the light and power of Ro- 
mans 6 and 8 to help youth see that sin can 
be overcome. (continued next page) 


5 ; 






May 1982 


"The Holy Scriptures guide our 
lives and provide stability 
for our youth. And by our 
holy lives we give encourage- 
ment and hope to youth that 
they too can live righteously/ 9 

Many evangelicals are so busy proving 
that they are not "out of the world that they 
forget to live a life that is not "of" the world 
(John 17:14-15). Youth don't see any real dif- 
ference in the lives of many Christians, so 
they feel free to try anything and everything. 
Why did over three million young people 
mess with some kind of illegal drug last 
year? Why are cults and witchcraft growing 
so rapidly? Is the lukewarm state of the 
church causing young people to spue it out of 
their mouths (compare Rev. 3:16)? 

Youth see that church members who live 
contrary to Scripture receive little or no dis- 
cipline in most churches. Everything seems 
to be explained away or just accepted be- 
cause "nobody's perfect." This libertine at- 
titude promotes moderation for today, only to 
open the door to extremism tomorrow. 

Youth ask, "Is there no one who is willing 
to walk a holy, Spirit-filled life? Or can't it 
really be done?" We must answer, "Yes, it 
can be done," and then demonstrate that it is 
possible. Let's set the standard for our youth 
and say with Paul, "Be ye followers of me, 
even as I also am of Christ" (I Cor. 11:1). 

The Holy Scriptures guide our lives and 
provide stability for our youth. By our holy 
lives we give encouragement and hope to 
youth that they too can live righteously. 

Holy loves 

The final "holy" that Christ gives us is 
holy loves. What do we love? Youth look at 
the loves of many Christians and don't see 
any difference from the loves of others (I Cor. 
3:3). They don't see a Christian love for 
clean, disciplined, Christ-centered homes, 
but rather for keeping pace with the loves of 
the world. 

Many youth live in or visit Christian 
homes where the music doesn't glorify God 
but rather supports the deceiver's plan of at- 
tack. They see Christian adults watching 
television programs that glorify illicit re- 
lationships, humanistic values, violence, re- 
jection of authority, and all kinds of stand- 
ards that are contrary to Scriptures. These 
Christians spend great amounts of time 

watching such programs. Does this not indi- 
cate their real loves? 

And what do our habits and the way we 
use our money tell our children and other 
youth about our loves? Does Christ penetrate 
our loves? Is He glorified by what we love? 

Many Christian homes need to experience 
a cleansing. They need to be washed with a 
love for the Holy Word and a holy life. These 
two holies need to determine our holy loves. 
Do we spend ten to forty hours each week 
being bombarded with the negative values of 
radio, records (or tapes), and television, and 
then expect one or two hours on Sunday 
morning to balance it out? Do we allow our I 
youth to sit 30 or more hours a week under j 
the influence of humanistic teachers, then 
expect one hour of Sunday school to give 
them all they need to stand on? 

Or do we teach our children the word each 
day as we sit, eat, walk, and talk with them? 
Do we help them develop a foundation of love 
for God and His word? Do we teach them how 
to share the faith and, as a family, do we 
reach out to bring other families to Christ. 
Christ can make our lives exciting and eter- 
nal as our love flows out to Him. 

We can praise God for the fine leadership 
our youth have had in the past and continue 
to have in the present. But what will tomor- 
row bring? Where will the youth be? Our 
pluralistic society confronts our youth with 
many values. Which will they choose? 
They're looking to us for guidance. What is 
our response? ^ [f] 

Our youth are looking for guidance. Will 
they get it from the world? Or will we provide 
them guidance from God's word and by the 
example of our holy lives and loves? 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Rev. and Mrs. Robert Dillard set apart 
for Brethren missionary service 

Sarasota, Fla. — Rev. and Mrs. 
Robert Dillard were set apart as 
missionaries in the Brethren 
Church at a special missionary 
service held at the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church on Sunday morn- 
ing, April 25. The Dillards are 
scheduled to depart for missionary 
service in Medellin, Colombia, 
later this month (May). 

Bob and Juanita, both members 
of the Sarasota Church, spent 
1981 in Costra Rica in language 
training. They returned to the 
U.S. in December to make final 
preparations for service in Colom- 
bia and to await the birth of their 
first child. A son, Lucas Aaron, 
was born to them on February 9. 

Dr. J.D. Hamel, senior pastor of 
the Sarasota First Brethren 
Church, presented the morning 
message, entitled "All Nations! All 
Men! Every Creature!" He was as- 
sisted in the consecration service 
for the Dillards by Rev. James 
Koontz, assistant pastor; Rev. 
Eugene Beekley, administrative 
assistant; Rev. Guy Ludwig, a re- 
tired pastor; Rev. Howard Yohe, a 
retired Brethren in Christ pastor; 
Rev. Ernest Bearinger, former 

; ;: s 

Laying hands on Brethren missionaries Bob and Juanita Dillard 
are (left to right) Rev. Marlin McCann, Rev. Guy Ludwig, Rev. How- 
ard Yohe, Rev. James Koontz, Rev. Virgil Ingraham, Rev. Eugene 
Beekley, Rev. Ernest Bearinger, and Dr. J.D. Hamel. Rev. Kenneth 
Solomon, not pictured, also assisted in the consecration service. 

missionary to Brazil; Rev. Marlin 
McCann, pastor of the Bryan, 
Ohio, First Brethren Church; and 
Rev. Virgil Ingraham, executive 
director of the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church. 

Rev. Kenneth Solomon, former 
Brethren missionary to Colombia 

Town and Country Church dedicates 
new church building 

Tampa, Fla. — The new church 
building of the Town and Country 
Community Church was dedicated 
on Sunday afternoon, April 18. 
The Town and Country Church is 
one of two congregations begun in 
1977 as a part of Operation Impact 
(the other being the Brandon 
Brethren Church). 

Rev. Dale Ru Lon, pastor of the 
Town and Country Community 
congregation, led the service of 
dedication. Rev. Arden Gilmer, 

pastor of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church, presented the 
message during the service. Rev. 
Gilmer was director of Home Mis- 
sions for the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church when the 
Town and Country congregation 
was started. 

More information about the 
Town and Country Community 
Church and the dedication service 
is planned for next month's issue 
of the Evangelist. 

and currently director of the 
Sarasota Church's Spanish minis- 
try, presented the prayer of con- 
secration. He prayed both in Eng- 
lish and Spanish. 

The missions emphasis of the day 
continued into the evening service, 
at which time Rev. Ingraham 
delivered a challenging message 
entitled "Sending to Serve." 

The Sarasota congregation pre- 
sented the Dillards an electric 
Smith Corona typewriter as a 
farewell gift. 

Flora women help 

Ft Wayne flood victims 

Flora, Ind.— The Comfort Club, 
made up of residents of the Flora 
Brethren's Home and Village, made 
12 comforters, which they sent to 
Fort Wayne flood victims. Dorotha 
Williams directs the club. 

The Flora WMS No. 1 also sent 
$50 to the flood victims. 

May 1982 



Louisville Brethren Bible Church growing; 
makes plans to build worship facility 

Louisville, Ohio — Forty-four 
people gathered around the Louis- 
ville YMCA pool for the Easter 
Sunrise Service of the Brethren 
Bible Church of Louisville. The 
service included antiphonal sing- 
ing and responses, and was high- 
lighted by the baptism of Mr. and 
Mrs. Linnie Ring, who made their 
confession of faith in Christ as 
their Savior. This was the second 
baptism in two weeks, and another 
was held May 2. 

Growth has not been spectacular 
during the SV2 years since the 
Brethren Bible Church was 
founded. But from its original 
group of about 30, it has now in- 
creased to about 60. Growth has 
been steady so far in 1982. 

The church is grateful for the 
good response of Brethren people 
to the Growth Partners call during 
the second half of 1981. Thanks to 
this much-appreciated gift of 
$11,952.72, the church has been 
able to pay for its building site of 
3 3 /4 acres two miles east of Louis- 
ville on State Route 153, and to di- 
vert some money toward a build- 
ing fund. 

photo courtesy of Paul Clapper and The Louisville Herald 

The baptism of Mr. and Mrs. Linnie Ring was the highlight of the 
Easter Sunrise Service of the Brethren Bible Church of Louisville. 
The service was held around the Louisville YMCA swimming pool. 

The congregation continues to 
meet in the Louisville YMCA each 
Sunday. But it finds that a room 
approximately 30 feet by 35 feet is 
rather restricting to a congrega- 
tion of 60 to 70 people. Lack of suf- 
ficient meeting space has also hin- 
dered the establishment of an 
adequate Sunday school. 

Mason town Brethren Church wins 
Pa. District S.S. contest 

Therefore the congregation is 
working hard to try to finance the 
building of a worship facility, 
hopefully yet in 1982. The pastor's 
challenge to raise $10,000 from 
December to March brought faith 
promises of $9,100 and gifts total- 
ling $8,400. 

Thank you, Brethren, for your 
financial support of the Brethren 
Bible Church through Growth 
Partners, and for your prayers. 

— Pastor Charles Lowmaster 

Vandergrift, Pa. — The Brethren 
churches of the Pennsylvania dis- 
trict were busy late last year in an 
effort to increase their Sunday 
school enrollment. 

With the prompting of the 
Pennsylvania District Board of 
Christian Education, many of 
these churches participated in a 
"Reach Out and Touch" campaign. 
During the campaign, members 
and attenders of the Pennsylvania 
churches were encouraged to in- 
vite friends and neighbours to 
church and Sunday school. 

Many of the churches that par- 
ticipated achieved excellent re- 
sults. But it was the Masontown 
Brethren Church, pastored by Rev. 

Robert Byler, that 
claimed first prize 
for attracting the 
most new attend- 
ers over the 10- 
week period. In 
recognition of its 
efforts, the Mason- 
town Church re- 
ceived a "Reach 
Out and Touch" 
banner, made by 
Terri Gourley and 
Sheila Gleason of 
the Pleasant 

View Brethren 

— reported by Rev. 
Michael Gleason 

Masontown Pastor Robert Byler (right), receives the 
first prize award from Rev. Michael Gleason, chairman 
of the Pa. District Board of Christian Ed. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Kimberly Ann McCarthy to Timothy Joe Forlow, 

April 3, at the Corinth Brethren Church; Frederick 
Snyder, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
Corinth Brethren Church. 

Brenda Marchand to Bill Vianco, April 3, at the 
Flora First Brethren Church; Alvin Grumbling, pas- 
tor, officiating. Bride attends the Flora First Brethren 

Sharon Cooley to David Betzner, April 3, at the 
Peru Indiana First Presbyterian Church. Groom a 
member of the Loree Brethren Church. 

'Peggy Pyrch to Terrence Cody, March 6, at the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church; Arden E. 
Gilmer, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
Park Street Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Harry Johnson, 85, April 13. Member for 59 years of 
the New Lebanon Brethren Church. Services by 
Donald Rowser, pastor, and Lynn Mercer, assistant 

Mrs. Glenn Carpenter, 95, April 10. Member of the 
Ardmore First Brethren Church. Attended Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church for many years. Services 
by Arden E. Gilmer, pastor at Park Street, assisted by 
Dr. L.E. Lindower. 

Mary Jane Shreffler, 60, April 4. Member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. Services by 
Arden E. Gilmer, pastor. 

Enid Jenkins, 67, March 27. Member and deaconess 
of the Loree Brethren Church. Services by Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor, and Rev. Austin Gable. 

Glen F. Boone, 97, March 25. Member of the Loree 
Brethren Church. Services by Claude Stogsdill, pas- 
tor, and Rev. Ronald L. Waters. 

Zelma F. Ritter, 73, March 21. Member of the Dutch- 
town Brethren Church. Services by James Sluss, 

Randall Gary Carper, 10, March 17. Memorial 
service at the Louisville First Brethren Church. Ser- 
vice by Rev. John Brownsberger and Rev. Charles 

Ona Lee Sams, 82, March 13. Member for many 
years of the Washington, D.C., Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Ethel Neterer, 79, March 3. Member of the 
Nappanee First Brethren Church. Former member of 
the Huntington First Brethren Church. Services by 
Alvin Shifflett, Nappanee pastor. 

Burnice Phillips, 72, March 2. Member for 59 years 
of the New Lebanon Brethren Church. Services by 
Donald Rowser, pastor, and Lynn Mercer, assistant 

Rose Mae Wigfield, 78, January 15. Member of the 
Cumberland First Brethren Church. Services by 
Bruce C. Shanholtz, former pastor. 


Paul and Alma Witmer, 66th, May 15. Members of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Emerson Miller, 54th, May 7. Mem- 
bers of the Loree Brethren Church. 

Ted and Dorothy Beal, 52nd, April 10. Members of 
the Masontown Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ora Greer, 53rd, April 6. Members of 
the Corinth Brethren Church. 

Glen and Mary Coffman, 55th, March 2. Members of 
the Maurertown Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Flora: 2 by baptism 

Sarasota: 5 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Loree: 4 by baptism 

New Paris: 6 by baptism 

Louisville Brethren Bible: 4 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Calendar of Events 

MAY — Brethren Youth emphasis month 

15 Ohio District Executive Committee meeting 
at Bunn's Restaurant, Delaware, Ohio 

16 National Youth Sunday 

JUNE — Ministerial Student Aid emphasis month 

7-8 Statement of Faith Task Force meeting at 
Park Street Brethren Church 
10-12 Indiana District Conference at Shipshewana 

Retreat Center 
25-26 General Conference Executive Committee 
meeting at Park Street Brethren Church 
8-10 Central District Conference at the Lanark 
First Brethren Church 
22-24 Southeast District Conference at the 
Hagerstown First Brethren Church 
22-24 Pennsylvania District Conference at Camp 


9 General Conference Executive Committee 
meeting at Park Street Brethren Church 
9-13 General Conference and National Youth 

Convention at Ashland College. Conference 
theme: "Members in One Body," Romans 12:4 

Mrs. Dessie Winter 

Mrs. Dessie Winter, 67, of Winfield, Kans., died 
March 29, 1982. Mrs. Winter was the mother of Rev. 
William Winter, Brethren missionary to Argentina. 
Rev. Winter and his family, who are in the United 
States on furlough, were able to spend some time with 
his mother before her death and to attend the funeral. 
Rev. and Mrs. Winter are taking graduate work at 
Southern Illinois Univ. Their address is Apt. 163-4, 
Area 72, Evergreen Terrace, Carbondale, IL 62901. 

May 1982 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


r > 

Experiencing "the Wonder" ! 

GYPSY SMITH was once asked how he 
kept his vigor and enthusiasm. He re- 
plied, "I have never lost the wonder!" 

Today we read and hear a lot about "burn- 
out." Burn-out is an expression used to de- 
scribe the condition of those who have lost 
"the wonder," the initial excitement, the 
early enthusiasm. 

Burn-out occurs in all professions. And, 
alas, the church is not exempt. Pastors, who 
must possess the hide of a rhinoceros, often 
find themselves exhausted spiritually. They 
become "weary in well doing" — burned out. 
They find themselves just going through the 
motions of serving the church. 

Many people who join the 
church soon fall by the way- 
side. What happens to those 
who don't make it? Why are 
they lost along the way? 

Recently I heard of a lady missionary who 
labored for twenty years and only saw five 
converts. The next missionary witnessed the 
salvation of entire tribes! What prevented 
the first missionary from burning out? Gypsy 
Smith would say, "She never lost the won- 

In 15 years I have seen many people join 
the church. Unfortunately, they aren't all 
still with us. What happened to those who 
didn't make it? Why were they lost along the 
way? Church growth people might suggest 
that it was because they weren't properly 
discipled. They weren't assimilated. 

That could be true. But I suspect that the 
number one problem was that they lost "the 
wonder." In many cases one might question 
whether they ever experienced "the wonder" 
(which ought to make those of Calvinistic 
persuasion happy). 

When I look back on my early Christian 
experience, I find that I was not discipled — at 



least not in the sense that church growth ex 
perts suggest. No one ever called on me. : 
never joined a Bible study group. I was nevei 
asked to organize a group or plan an event 
never attended Conference. I wasn't disciplec 
in the sense of being assimilated. 

According to church growth experts, 
shouldn't have made it. In fact, I wondei 
how, under the canopy of grace, I did make 
it. (Some may even question if I ever did! 

But as Gypsy Smith said, I experienced 
"the wonder." I remember the day I went ofl 
to seminary. A friend said, "You'll be back!' 
He didn't reckon with "the wonder." 

The Old Testament records that Moses saw f 
the burning bush. He said, "I'll draw aside 
and see this great wonder." Moses never for 
got that scene. The wonder of it all flamed 
forever within him. There were times when 
Moses should have experienced burn-out. 
Who would have condemned him for throw- 
ing up his hands and crying, "I've had it! Go 
on back to Egypt and eat garlic"? 

Don't get me wrong. I don't mean to down- 
grade the church growth movement. The 
Lord knows we need it. But what I'm trying 
to do is get at the starting point. For some 
one to grow as a Christian, he must first ex- 
perience "the wonder." The race begins when 
the gun goes off. 

It's something like a passenger on a trainj 
who was so enthralled by the scenery that he 
kept repeating, "Wonderful! Wonderful!" 

Another passenger, obviously bored, fi-|i 
nally said, "How is it that while the rest of 
us are worn out with this monotonous trip, 
you are having the time of your life?" 

The man replied, "Until a few days ago, I 
was blind. But a great doctor performed 
surgery and gave me sight. What is dull and 
monotonous to you is out of this world to 

And that's what happens when you get 
struck by "the wonder." Just ask anyone who 
has experienced it. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

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invoice and return it to you. I will keep the first issue of LEADERSHIP at no 
cost to me. 

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0..I ' I 





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Note: $3.00 additional postage for subscriptions outside the U.S. E2EA2-X 


May is "Youth Month." 

During this month the Board of Christian 
Education asks you to consider how 
you might invest in youth: 

-as a 

—as a leader 

-as a support person 

Help shape the leaders 

of tomorrow 

by investing in our youth today. 

You can't afford not to! 

Send your May Youth Offering 

The Board of Christian Education 
524 College Avenue 
Ashland, OH 44805 

T 3 <D 
ct- O el- 
s' 3- ;r 

U u (li 

P {t 2 
3 (I) 

o t n: 

3- h- 

CD O 05 

CO. O cr 

CT- I— O 

T ID ►— 

- 0q O 






June 1982 


North Manchester, IN 46962 l 


Signs of a Successful Father 

Page 4 




A message to Brethren youth and adults 
from BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 


This month's "BYC Briefing" is written by the 
National BYC Vice Moderator, Mike Funkhouser. 

It has been my 
privilege to serve since 
last August as the Na- 
tional BYC Vice Mod- 
erator. Gregg Brelsford, 
our National BYC Mod- 
erator, has given me a 
chance to tell you a lit- 
tle about not only my- 
self, but about my back- 
ground in BYC. 

For the past two and 
one-half years, I have 
been honored to serve as 
the local president for 
the BYC of the Sarasota 

First Brethren Church and also as the Florida 

District BYC president. 

I guess I'm bragging a little, but the kids here 

Mike Funkhouser 

BCE announces plans for 
children's sessions at Conference 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of Christian Educa- 
tion will once again sponsor a day program for 
elementary-age children attending General Con- 
ference with their parents. This year's program 
will be "Nathaniel the Grublet," which teaches 
children about salvation and the wrongs of sins 
such as lying and stealing. 

The children will have lessons and activities 
during the week, as well as learning a musical. 
The "Grublet" program is from Provision Pub- 
lishers, the same company that produced "Sir 
Oliver's Song," "Bullfrogs & Butterflies," and 
"Music Machine," the programs used for chil- 
dren's conference during the last several years. 

Directing this year's program will be Mr. Jeff 
Whiteside of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church. Jeff is a former elementary school 
teacher who has just completed his second (mid- 
dler) year at Ashland Theological Seminary. Jeff 
also directed last year's program. 

Children who were in grades 1 through 6 this 
past school year may take part in the children's 
conference sessions. Early registration is encour- 
aged to aid Jeff and his staff in planning. For 
those who pre-register, the cost is $6 per child. 
Registration at Conference will be $7.50. (See the 
registration form on page 19.) 


in Florida are really a great bunch. When they 
want something, they work for it. It doesn't 
make any difference whether it's for the Na- 
tional Ingathering or for local happenings — they 
work just as hard. 

Our Sarasota BYC is under the leadership oi 
Pastor Jim Koontz and his super wife, Cindy. No 
matter what we want to do, these two people are 
always there. 

One of the biggest things for our group is the 
National BYC Convention in Ashland each Au- 
gust. Our kids no sooner get out of Ashland one 
year than they start working toward the next 
year. {In spite of the distance they had to travel, 
the Sarasota youth had one of the largest delega- 
tions at the 1981 National BYC Convention. 

I challenge your local youth group to work to- 
ward getting as many members as you can to 
come to Ashland in August. It is a great time of 
fun and fellowship. See you in August! 

— Mike Funkhouser 

Youth advisors to enjoy 
free breakfasts at Conference 

Ashland, Ohio — Youth advisors attending the 
1982 General Conference will enjoy free break- 
fasts each morning, according to an announce- 
ment by the Board of Christian Education. In 
place of last year's workshops for BYC advisors, 
the BCE will meet with advisors each morning 
at 7:30 in the cafeteria to make announcements, 
share ideas, goals, and frustrations, and to pro- 
vide fellowship among youth leaders. The Board 
of Christian Education will pay for the break- 

Youth leaders will be required to sign up at 
the BCE display table each day for their break- 
fast reservations for the following day. Those 
youth leaders who fail to make reservations in 
advance will be welcome to join the meeting, but 
will have to pay for their own breakfasts. 

The Board of Christian Education hopes that 
these breakfast meetings will be beneficial not 
only to the youth leaders themselves, but to the 
overall success of the Youth Convention, since 
they will provide clearer avenues of communica- 
tion for the week's activities. 

Youth please note: if you plan to attend the BYC Con- 
vention in August, make your reservations to stay in the 
youth dorm by using the housing form on page 23. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

! Published monthly for the Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany. 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

J 44805-3792. 
One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 

J 100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75c 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writers packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster; Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave , Ashland, 'Ohio 44805-3792 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Should a father feel shorn of 
his manhood when his daughter 
comes to him with her little-girl 
problems? Or is her coming a 
sign that he is a successful 
father? For some thoughts on 
these questions, see pages 4-5. 

Cover drawing by Cindy Byers, a 
junior at Ashland College from Ash- 
land, Ohio. 

Vol. 104, No. 6 

June 1982 



Signs of a Successful Father 

A touching scene between a father and his daughter causes 
Catherine Damato to reflect on what the Bible says about 
sucessful fathers. 

What Do Brethren Believe About the Church? 

How do Brethren beliefs about the nature of the church affect 
our approach to organization and leadership? Jack L. Oxen- 
rider begins an exploration of this question in this first article of 
a series on "An Organizational Design for the Brethren 

Building Teamwork in Marriage 

Marriage, like playing softball, requires teamwork. John 
McMath makes some comparisons between the two. 

A Day of Rejoicing 

at Town and Country Community Church 

A verbal and pictorial account of Dedication Day at the new 
Town and Country Community Church. 

Ministerial Student Aid 

12 Brethren Ministerial Student Aid 

Helps to "Green the Church" 

Preparing pastors who can help grow churches is long, hard, 
and expensive work, but of eternal significance, says Donald 

Ministerial Student Aid Fund Report 

A look at how churches have contributed to Ministerial Student 
Aid and how students have been helped by this fund. 

Expressions of Appreciation 

Ashland College and Theological Seminary students say 
"Thank you" for the help they have received through the 
Ministerial Student Aid Fund. 



■ « i » i 


2 BYC Briefing 

15 Update 

21 Books 

22 The Salt Shaker 

General Conference Preparations 

General Conference is just two months away, and preparations 
are already well underway. Two items of importance to those who 
plan to attend Conference are included in this issue of the 
Evangelist — a housing reservation form on page 23, and a pre- 
registration form for children's conference sessions on page 19. 
Next month's issue of the Evangelist will include a special section 
giving a 1982 General Conference preview. 

Al I 

I) j 
V, I 

?' ! 

C) ■ 


D i 

June 1982 

Signs of a Successful Father 

by Catherine Damato 

HE is tall, well-built, handsome. He does, 
in truth, bear some resemblance to a 
reigning matinee idol. He is athletic; he 
plays a respectable game of golf. He owns his 
own business and has made a success of it. 
She looks up at him. She is petite and 
pretty. She wears a ruffled gown that sweeps 

the floor and a blue ribbon in her hair. At 
the moment she is on the verge of tears. She 
is six years old. He is her father. 

He bends to comfort her and asks what is 

the matter. Her dolly, she sniffles; she left 

her most precious dolly in her Sunday school 

classroom. Now the door is locked. They 

won't leave her dolly alone in 

there all week, will they? 

"Now, now, honey, don't cry. 
We'll get Mr. Jones and he'll 
unlock the door. We won't 
leave your dolly in there all 

I observe this little drama 
from my post in the church li- 
brary. I consider this man the 
embodiment of all that we con- 
sider masculine. Does he feel 
any less a man, I wonder, to be 
concerning himself with little 
girls in ruffled dresses and 
their problems with their 
dolls? But another thought fol- 
lows immediately. Of course 
not. Why should he? What 
could be more masculine than 
for a man to look after the 
family God has given him, 
down to the least member? 
What could more befit a man 
than for him to shoulder his 
responsibilities as husband 
and father? 

He is a man, she is a child. 
She cannot talk to him about 
his golf game or his business. 
He must bend to her level and 

Ms. Damato is a free-lance writ- 
er living in Los Angeles, Call for - 
n ia . 

The Brethren Evangelist 


talk to her about her doll. It is a tribute to 
jiis success as a father that she comes to him 
freely with her little-girl problems. He does 
lot disdainfully tell her to go to her mother 
Ipr her older sister. He takes her hand and 
H:hey go to find Mr. Jones, the church janitor, 
weeper of the keys. 

They are gone, but my thoughts follow 
chem. I ponder, What does God say about 
fathers, manliness, strength? Suddenly 
jverses of Scripture flood my mind, one crowd- 
ling upon another. 

I think of Hebrews 4:16: "Let us therefore 
draw near with confidence to the throne of 
grace, that we may receive mercy and may 
[find grace to help in time of need." A father 
Inurtures confidence in his children, conf- 
idence that he can and will help them when 
[they cannot help themselves. That locked 
Jclassroom looms as an impenetrable barrier 
[to the little girl, imprisoning her dolly. But 
jshe went immediately to her daddy with her 


Psalm 103:13 also comes to mind: "Just as 
a father has compassion on his children, So 
the Lord has compassion on those who fear 
Him." A father should be compassionate. If 
he is compassionate, his children will rever- 
ence him. Did I catch a sense of adoration in 
the little girl's eyes as she looked up at her 

God's words to Abraham in Genesis 22:2 
likewise come to mind: "Take now your son, 
your only son, whom you love . ..." A father 
loves. The first mention of love in the Bible 
is of a father's love for his son. Old Abraham 
loved Isaac. But he was willing to give him 
up. A father loves, but a father lets go when 
the time comes. 

In my thoughts the years roll by and the 
scene changes. Again she is wearing a ruf- 
fled gown that sweeps the floor and he is at 
her side. But he does not take her hand. He 
gives her his arm as he escorts her down the 
aisle to relinquish her to another. Will he be 
ready to do that when the time comes? Will 
he be ready to set her free to make her 
choices and to follow the Lord's leading, 
whether it be marriage or a career that 
would take her away from him? Or even 
missionary service in some far-off place? He 
will if he is the kind of father God has called 
him to be. 

A father should be mature. One of the 
marks of manliness is maturity. ". . . when I 
became a man," said the Apostle Paul in 

I Corinthians 13:11, "I did away with child- 
ish things." This man, having put away his 
own childish things, can feel secure enough 
within himself to be concerned with the 
childish things of his little daughter. 

A man also has feelings. "A wise son 
makes a father glad . . . ," says Solomon in 
Proverbs 15:20. And in Proverbs 17:25 he 
says, "A foolish son is a grief to his father 
. ..." A man's children will bring him both 
joy and sorrow. God says that it is manly to 
have these feelings and to let them show. 

Heavy responsibil 

Then there is the heavy responsibility of 
being a father. It is not for the fainthearted, 
for II Corinthians 12:14 says in part, ". . . for 
children are not responsible to save up for 
their parents, but parents for their children." 
This man has been a child; he has had his 
time of play, his hour in the sun. Now he is 
wholly a man. Responsibilities are his. Does 
he feel burdened by them? He does not seem 

Furthermore, a father must have discern- 
ment, for Ephesians 6:4 says, "And, fathers, 
do not provoke your children to anger, but 
bring them up in the discipline and instruc- 
tion of the Lord." A father must not bring 
home the frustrations and disappointments 
of the work day and vent his anger on his 
family. Neither must he be too lenient in 
dealing with his children. This child in her 
Sunday best looks like a little angel who 
could do no wrong. But I am sure her father 
often sees her in a different light. Then man- 
liness requires that he deal sternly, not out 
of anger, but out of a love that wants what is 
best for her. 

A good father 

Mercy and grace, compassion, love, matur- 
ity, feelings, responsibility, discernment. All 
these are part of the strength and manliness 
that make a man a father. And I think 
again, Should this man feel threatened, 
shorn of his manhood because his little girl 
wants him to help her find her doll? No, be- 
cause that is part of being what God called 
him to be, a good father. 

I hear voices and my reverie ends. They re- 
turn — father, daughter, and church janitor. 
Mr. Jones unlocks the door; the daughtei 
runs inside and is out in a moment, hugging 
her dolly to her bosom. She beams her 
thanks at Mr. Jones, and he and her father 
shake hands. The little drama closes, but I 
think that I am richer for it. [t] 

June 1982 

An Organizational Design for the Brethren Church 

What Do Brethren Believe 
About the Church? 

What do Brethren believe about the nature of the church? And 
how do these beliefs affect our approach to organization and 
leadership? Jack L. Oxenrider begins an exploration of these 
questions in this first of a series of articles on rr An Organiza- 
tional Design for the Brethren Church." 

THE Brethren Church is unique. Its most 
obvious and most often noted distinc- 
tions are Trine-Immersion Baptism and 
Threefold Communion. In the course of 
Brethren history, more has been penned and 
proclaimed on these two subjects than on any 
other. In fact, Brethren have, over the years, 
been so preoccupied with these two topics 
that some have mistakenly thought that 
they were the only two issues that mattered 
to Brethren. Baptism and Communion are 
certainly unique practices of the Brethren 
Church, but they are not its only distinctives. 
The Brethren Church is also unique in its 
history and origin. Its development within 
Germany is a particular blend of the six- 
teenth century Anabaptist Movement and 
the eighteenth century German Pietistic 
Movement. The Brethren Church is the only 
denomination today that can trace its origin 
back in an unbroken line to the Pietistic 

Dr. Oxenrider is senior 
pastor of the Jefferson 
Brethren Church. On 
June 5 he was awarded 
the Doctor of Ministry 
degree from Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

This article and the re- 
maining articles in this 
series are adapted from 
his doctoral dissertation, 
"Sharing Leadership in 
the Brethren Church: A 
Leadership Design for an 
Elder in the Tradition and Polity of the Brethren 

In addition to sharing the results of his doctoral 
research through these articles, Dr. Oxenrider will 
lead a workshop on church organization and 
leadership at General Conference. He is also avail- 
able for workshops and personal consultations. 

Furthermore, the Brethren Church is 
unique in its faith and theology. The early 
Brethren had a deep desire to know the 
Scriptures and an earnest longing to recap- 
ture a likeness of the New Testament 
Church. This, coupled with their aversion to 
scholastic rational theology, led them to re- 
ject written creeds. This allows and encour- 
ages each generation to discover faith for it- 

Finally, the Brethren Church is unique be- 
cause of its view of and attitude toward it- 
self. Through their Anabaptist roots, the 
Brethren are a part of the Radical Protestant 
Movement, which has come to be known as 
"The Believers' Church." It is a church of vol- 
untary members who confess their faith in 
Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. These mem- 
bers make a covenant with God and one 
another to live faithfully as disciples. They 
are mutually responsible and accountable for 
the life, practice, and ministry of the church. 
Such uniqueness requires a particular or- 
ganizational dynamic and a new and differ- 
ent organizational design. 

The brotherhood-church 

The organizational principles of the Breth- 
ren Church have been defined by the Breth- 
ren theology of the church (ecclesiology). 
Brethren ecclesiology has been best captured 
in the historic Anabaptist idea of the 
"brotherhood-church." This phrase incorpo- 
rates several scriptural images which have 
been prevalent in Brethren thinking 
throughout its history. These phrases are 
"body of Christ," "fellowship of believers," 
"koinonia," and "ecclesia." For the Brethren, 
the brotherhood-church is a common organi- 
zation which embodies the full theological 
idea of the body of Christ. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

An understanding of Brethren ecclesiology 
land organization begins with a discussion of 
;the visible church. The Brethren have pre- 
ferred not to make a distinction between the 
Visible and the invisible church. They main- 
tain that there is only one church, and it is 

In 1708, Alexander Mack parted company 
with Ernest Christoph Hochmann over this 
very issue and established an organized "vis- 
ible" church. Hochmann believed that the 
church was spiritual and that an organized 
fellowship was a part of the "fallen church." 
Therefore he was opposed to an organized, 
visible church. Mack, on the other hand, be- 
lieved that the church must be a visible, es- 
tablished fellowship. 

Equality and accountability 

The believers in this new visible church 
were considered equal to and accountable to 
one another. An early example of this is seen 
in the way both men and women shared re- 
sponsbility. The common practice of casting 
"lots" to choose people for a particular task 
demonstrated their assumption of equality 
and their practice of shared responsibility. 

The genius of the Brethren Church has 
been best captured by Alexander Mack, Jr., 
in the second preface to The Rights and Or- 
dinances of the House of God. Mack recalled 
the events which surrounded the birth of the 
Brethren Church as related to him by his 
father, Alexander Mack, Sr. He wrote, 
"These eight persons [the original Brethren] 
united with one another as brethren and sis- 
ters in the covenant of the cross of Jesus 
Christ as a church of Christian believers." 
This covenant fellowship was the essence of 
the Brethren Church. It is the foundation of 
its collaborative structure and the basis 
for the mutually-shared responsibility of 

There were four prevalent values within 
the minds of the 1708 Brethren which great- 
ly influenced the formation of their fellow- 
ship. They were: (1) an aversion to ecclesias- 
tical hierarchy; (2) a combination of Pietistic 
and Anabaptist influences; (3) a desire to re- 
capture the practices of the New Testament 
Church; and (4) an adherence to the Bible as 
it reads. 1 These four influences were instru- 

'Dale R. Stoffer, "The Background and Devel- 
opment of Thought and Practice in the German 
Baptist Brethren (Dunker) and the Brethren (Pro- 
gressive) Churches (c. 1650-1979)" (Ph.D. Disser- 
tation, Fuller Theological Seminary, School of 
Theology, 1980), c. pp. 58-187. 

mental in molding the original Brethren into 
a unique church fellowship which, today, is 
described as a Believers' Church. 

Believers' Church defined 

The Believers' Church can be defined as a 
voluntary fellowship of persons yielding to 
Christ through a positive response to the 
Spirit of God, who intentionally choose to 
enter a covenant relationship between God 
and man, man and God, and man and man. 
Through Christian baptism and faith they 
enter a life of discipleship to Christ and a 
brotherhood of equals. Consequently, they 
share membership within the ecclesia, which 
is the church. 

In the New Testament, ecclesia is gener- 
ally used to refer to the assembly of the 
people of God — Christians coming together 
for worship, teaching, decision-making, and 
fellowship. While the New Testament makes 
use of many images and allegories with ref- 
erence to the church, the body of Christ was 
the most popular to the Brethren because of 
its simple, yet comprehensive, qualities. 

The term brotherhood-church expresses 
the cooperative nature of the covenanted 
relationship in which the Brethren shared 
responsibility. They considered each person 
equally important within the church. 

A sharing brotherhood 

To most early Brethren, the church was es- 
sentially a sharing brotherhood in both ideal 
and reality. 

Paul's view of the church as the Body 
of Christ presents an imperative. . . . Be- 
cause the believers, through baptism and 
in the Spirit, are members of the Body of 
Christ, because through the Lord's Sup- 
per they are united in one body, then 
they ought, in their daily lives, to live as 
members of the one body and realize the 
unity of the one body. 2 

Because this principle of the body of Christ 
was and is paramount to the Brethren idea of 
the church, the organizational principles 
which the Brethren Church employs must re- 
flect the essential qualities of the body im- 
agery. Those qualities are coordination, coop- 
eration, interdependence, shared responsibil- 
ity, mutual accountability, interdependent 
relationships, and the inclusion of every indi- 
vidual member into the comprehensive 
whole. [t] 

"Hans Kung, The Church (New York: Image 
Books, Doubleday & Co., Inc., 1976), p. 298. 

June 1982 




by John T. McMath 

IT'S the bottom of the seventh, tying run on 
first, with one out. Here's the pitch. . . . 
It's a hard-hit ball to the second baseman. He 
dives for it . . . has it on the first hop . . . 
makes the flip to the shortstop who touches 
second just ahead of the runner. Now the 
throw to first, over the crouching second 
baseman. . . . It's good! Double play! 

Sounds easy, doesn't it? 

As a pastor, I have from time to time 
coached a Softball team. Nothing makes me 
prouder than to see my men handle a really 
difficult play as though it were easy. I know 
just how much real teamwork has gone into 
making that play come out right. 

Marriage has been compared to a lot of 
things: to a musical duet; to a business 

Rev. McMath is a pastor and free-lance writer 
living in Rathdrum, Idaho 


partnership; to a harness team. A good mar- 
riage is also in many ways remarkably like a 
good softball team. Let me tell you how. 


Smoothly executed double plays don't just 
happen. They are the result of the total 
training that a softball team undertakes — 
training that aims at a goal. Men who turn 
out for practice know that they will spend 
hours catching and throwing the ball just to 
make sure that the plays run smoothly. They 
have the common goal of winning softball 
games, so the effort is worth it. 

Marriage partners are also a team. 
Perhaps the most impoitant decisions they 
will ever make together have to do with their 
goals — goals for their marriage and their 
lives. Will they serve as full-time Christian 
workers or as committed lay persons? Will 

The Brethren Evangelist 

[they go on to college? Should they have a 
ifamily? How big? 

Goals. Without them marriage has no 
Ifocus. But with sound, Christ-centered goals 
jfor life, and a commitment to those goals by 
both husband and wife, comes the motivation 
for teamwork, which is the key to marriage 


As a coach, I have always appreciated a 
good opponent. That team from the church 
across the valley that beat us by one run last 
year! Will I ever enjoy the next game with 
them! When we have a good opponent, we 
stop worrying about out petty differences 
with others on our team. 

We encourage one another and work to- 
gether to win! 

In too many marriages, the couples seem 
to be competing against one another. To be a 
team in marriage, a wife and husband must 
realize that they are fighting together 
against an enemy stronger than any faced by 
a softball team. Satan himself would like 
nothing better than to ruin their testimony 
by breaking up their teamwork — and their 

Marriages go on the rocks when couples 
forget that it is not the mate who is the 
major opponent — but Satan himself and the 
world he controls. And yes, our own fleshly 
foibles. When we recognize that the opponent 
is external to our marriage, we work to- 
gether building up one another to meet this 
external threat. 

Division of Effort 

When a foul ball is hit behind third base, it 
is the shortshop's play. There are good 
reasons for this. Every member of the team 
is to do what he can do most efficiently. 

Likewise in marriage, each partner must 
perform the role he or she has been best 
equipped for by God Himself. Real problems 
in marriage, as on a ball team, occur when 
husband or wife is displeased with his or her 
position and wants to do the other's job as 
well. As Paul says, "If every member were an 
eye, where would the hearing be?" If every 
member were a first baseman, where would 
the center fielding be? 


When a team needs a run, it is sometimes 
possible to score on a sacrifice. With a runner 
on third, the batter hits a long fly ball. Even 
though the ball is caught, it allows the run- 

ner to score from third base after the catch. 
The spirit of sacrifice in marriage is at the 
heart of the love relationship. Christ, Him- 
self, has given us the example. We must 
learn from Him. 

Complementary Action 

When a long throw is coming in hard from 
the field to the second baseman, the pitcher 
and the shortstop back him up. They want to 
be certain that the ball doesn't go through 
the infield, so they cover for any possible 
weakness of their teammate. 

In the same way, a husband and wife try to 
make up for those qualities which are lack- 
ing in the other. Nobody is perfect. For this 
reason, we need one another. We need the 
other's strengths to complement, or make up 
for, our own weaknesses. At times we tend to 
feel a bit offended when a mate offers help. 
Instead, we need to learn to take it for what 
it is: another element of real teamwork. 

Intuitive Action 

In a double play situation, as soon as the 
ball comes off the bat, the shortstop, the sec- 
ond baseman, and the first baseman need to 
be in motion, doing the precise things which 
will lead to the successful completion of the 
play. When it works right, it is as though the 
players had read one another's minds. 

You are approaching real teamwork in 
marriage when, without a lot of discussion, 
you seem to know intuitively what your part- 
ner needs. Love is meeting those needs. 


"How do you get to Yankee Stadium?" the 
young man with the baseball mitt asked 
the cabbie. The reply: "Practice. Practice. 

No ball team ever won without practice. 
Yet, how many young couples expect to get 
married today and begin living happily ever 
after tomorrow? 

Marriage is a team sport that takes enor- 
mous amounts of practice. Unfortunately, 
once a couple is married, the only practice 
time is also game time. Perhaps the best ad- 
vice for a couple during the early years of 
team building is to remind them that they 
are both practicing on one another. It will 
take time for them to develop the skills that 
lead to real marriage teamwork. 

Living happily ever after may not be as 
easy as turning a double play. But for the 
couple that learns the principles of team- 
work, the rewards are for life. [t] 


June 1982 


A Day of Rejoicing: Pastor Dale 
Ru Lon (left) led the dedication 
service. Mr. Tom Routt (above) 
gave the welcome and recognized 
the architect, the contractor, and 
members of the building commit- 
tee. Rev. Arden Gilmer (right) pre- 
sented the dedicatory message. 
Mrs. Barbara Routt and the Sun- 
day school children (below left) 
sang several favorite songs. And, 
following the service, all took part 
in a time of fellowship (below 

?.■>** .■■»*::■;■:;::£. . . i."-sss . s 

A Day of Rejoicing 

at Town and Country Community Church 

by Sue 

TIHIS is the day which the Lord has made; 
we will rejoice and be glad in it" (Psalm 
118:24). April 18, 1982, was a day of rejoic- 
ing for the members and friends of the Town 
and Country Community Church! Over 100 
celebrated a Day of Dedication for the new 
church building at 6821 West Waters Ave., 
Tampa, Florida. 

The assembly was called to worship at 3:00 
p.m. with a responsive reading led by Pastor 
Dale Ru Lon. Following the invocation and a 

Mrs. McConahay and her husband, Gene, are tent- 
makers in the Town and Country Community Church. 


hymn, the Sunday school children sang sev- 
eral favorite songs, accompanied on the 
guitar by Mrs. Barbara Routt. 

Tom Routt, chairman of the building com- 
mittee, welcomed all those present and rec- 
ognized the architect (H. William Neyland), 
the contractor (Jim Miller), and the four 
other members of the building committee — 
David Brandenburg, Gene McConahay, Mrs. 
Sandra Robbins, and Pastor Dale RuLon. He 
also mentioned those businesses that contrib- 
uted services and supplies free of charge or 
at a discount. 

David Brandenburg read the Scripture 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Town and 

y Country Community 

l| Church building is 

mconstructed of cement 

ij block with stucco cov- 

[i ering the exterior 

|| walls. Interior walls 
are dry wall over two- 
by-fours and insula- 
tion. One inch of R- 
max insulation was 
put in all exterior 
walls, with 13 inches 
of insulation in the 
attic. The building is 
cooled and heated by 
two five-ton air con- 
ditioners with heat 

Cost of construction was approximately $55,000. 
This does not include the cost of the Thermopayne 

passage from I Corinthians 3:9-11. Then Mrs. 
L'Tanya Monroe sang "The New Twenty- 
Third Psalm." The dedicatory message was 
presented by Rev. Arden Gilmer, who was 
Director of Home Missions when this church 
originated in October 1977. 

Pastor Ru Lon directed a Litany of Dedica- 
tion. Then the Prayer of Dedication was of- 
fered by Gene McConahay. 

Helen, Gene, and Sue McConahay joined 
Mrs. L'Tanya Monroe in singing "Make Your 
People One" as a special dedication hymn. 

Rev. Gilmer concluded the consecration 
service with a prayer of blessing. 

Two plaques were purchased for special 
recognition. One was presented to Tom Routt 
for his excellent leadership throughout the 
months of decision-making, problem-solving, 
and hard labor. The other one hangs in the 
church in remembrance of John E. Kennison 
and Russell Weaver. The furnishings of the 
church were provided through memorial 
funds for these loved ones. 

Several others deserve recognition for 
specific contributions. Mrs. Donna Ru Lon 
created a special banner featuring the 
church's emblem and Scripture motto: "With 
God all things are possible." The labor of the 
ladies in the church in providing delicious re- 
freshments was also greatly appreciated. 

The congregation desires to serve the Lord 
and to use this new facility to glorify Him. [t] 

windows, which were donated, and much of the 
labor, which was contributed by the members and 
friends of the congregation. 

The first worship service in the new sanctuary 
was held on February 7, 1982. On Sunday after- 
noon, March 7, the Town and Country congrega- 
tion hosted the Florida District conference in the 
new building, even before it was dedicated. Seating 
capacity of the sanctuary is between 150 and 175. 











June 1982 


Ministerial Student Aid 

Brethren Ministerial Student Aid 
Helps to "Green the Church" 

by Donald Rinehart 

FOR the past several weeks I have watched 
with great excitement the process of 
God's timetable as the countryside has taken 
on the beautiful greens of spring. There is 
something exciting about things that grow, 
be it tomatoes, rhubarb, or churches. 

Gardens are fun. You set out a few plants, 
cover some seeds, wait for the rain and warm 
sunshine, cultivate between the rows, pick 
the vegetables, and then enjoy the fruits of 
your labor. All this happens within a few 

Growing a church isn't as simple as grow- 
ing a garden. It usually takes a little longer. 
And it never takes less than 23 years to 
"grow" a pastor for your church. It may even 
take 40 or 50 years before that pastor ar- 
rives, having helped "green" a few other 
churches along the way. 

Most of our pastors and missionaries have 
made a major investment of time, effort, and 
money in the educational process before they 
begin ministry. It now costs a pre-seminary 
student over $30,000 to complete four years 
of study at Ashland College. This is followed 
by three more years of study at seminary. 
Add the additional cost of seminary, subtract 
any major earning power of the student dur- 
ing those seven years, and we begin to recog- 
nize the fact that preparing a pastor who can 
help grow a church is long, hard, and expen- 
sive work. 

Like groceries, utilities, and everything 
else, the cost of "growing pastors" keeps in- 
creasing. Our young men and women ap- 
preciate the financial assistance provided by 
69 Brethren churches through the Ministe- 
rial Student Aid Fund. If your church is not 
providing any direct scholarships for 

Dr. Rinehart is dean of the School of Arts and 
Humanities and professor of religion at Ashland 
College. He is also chairman of the Ministerial 
Student Aid Committee and Moderator-Elect of the 
General Conference. 


ministerial students, and if your church is 
one of the 54 churches that did not contrib- 
ute to the Ministerial Student Aid Fund in 
1981, may I encourage your congregation to 
seriously discuss the matter. 

Isn't it amazing how many people have 
their hand in your pocket these days? By the | 
time we pay the federal, state, and local 
taxes, the utility bills, the grocer, make the I 
house and car payments, pay the insurance 
premiums, etc., we sometimes feel like we 
need to learn a few magic tricks to make the 
dollars stretch. We can all identify with this 
situation. And yet, in all fairness, we know 
that there is always money for those things 
that are important to us. 

How about God's gardens and those who 
will tend them? Most of the things for which 
we spend money have limited usefulness — if 
not planned obsolescence. Not so for pastors. 
They are expensive and time-consuming to 
grow, but their service is of eternal signifi- 

Really, can you afford not to invest in the 
"greening of the church"? [t] 

Growing a church isn't as simple as grow- 
ing a garden. And preparing a pastor who 
can help grow a church is long, hard, and ex- 
pensive work. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Ministerial Student Aid 


Twenty-seven ministerial and pre-ministerial students 
received financial aid in 1981-82. 

$15,000 is needed for Ministerial Student Aid in 1982-83 

Your sacrificial giving is needed . . . 

... To spread the preaching of the gospel 

... To meet the rising costs of education 

... To assist a growing number of ministerial students 

Average assistance per student: 

1977-78 $578.84 

1978-79 484.12 

1979-80 534.68 

1980-81 482.12 

1981-82 . 423.15 

Giving by local congregations to the fund: 

1977 $11,016.91 

1978 9,596.95 

1979 11,934.47 

1980 11,040.43 

1981 11,297.78 

Sixty-nine Brethren churches made contributions to the fund in 1981. That means that 
fifty-four Brethren churches did NOT contribute to the fund. 

We would like to be of more financial help to our ministerial and pre-ministerial students. 
But we can only give to them the monies that are received from the congregations. 

Find out whether your church contributes, and if it doesn't, find out why! 

Expressions of Appreciation 

The past three years have 
been most rewarding for 
me as I have made prep- 
arations to enter the minis- 
try. Those three years have 
been more successful and 
certainly free from finan- 
cial worry because of 
Brethren Student Aid. I am 
thankful that there are 
Brethren people who really do care about me 
as a person, and that the denomination really 
does support those entering the ministry. 
Brethren Student Aid was not some nebulous 
fund; it was a reality that I really ap- 

Kerry L. Scott 

Kerry Scott is from Winona Lake, Ind., where 
he is a member of the Warsaw First Brethren 
Church. Following his graduation from Ashland 
Theological Seminary this month, he will become 
associate pastor of the Jefferson Brethren Church, 
Goshen, Ind. 


During the spring of 
1981 I began planning my 
return to school so that I 
might obtain the necessary 
training to answer my call 
into the ministry of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. Fortu- 
nately, after going through 
the proper channels, I was 
able to get some financial 
aid through Ashland College. My apprecia- 
tion for such aid is especially extended to the 
Ministerial Student Aid Fund, for without 
this assistance it would have been almost too 
expensive to attend Ashland College. I think it 
is tremendous to have such a Brethren fund 
that is available to help individuals through 
school and on into the Brethren ministry. 

Brett Martin 

Brett Martin is from Ashland, Ohio, and a 
member of the Park Steet Brethren Church. He 
has completed one year at Ashland College, 
majoring in religion. 


June 1982 


Ministerial Student Aid 

More Expressions of Appreciation 

I appreciate the Ministe- 
rial Student Aid that I have 
benefitted from for three 
years, the prayer support 
behind it, and the commit- 
ment to our denomination's 
future in God's work which 
it represents. There has 
been more to do (studying, 
working, growing a mar- 
riage) than I could accomplish, but God has 
done it anyway. Without your sacrificing, God 
would have consumed more of me to bring me 
through. Thank you for easing my growth. 

Wayne Grumbling 

Wayne Grumbling, a senior at Ashland 
Theological Seminary, is the son of Rev. and Mrs. 
Glenn Grumbling of Georgetown, Del., and a mem- 
ber of the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church. 

/ am glad for this oppor- 
tunity to thank those of you 
who have supported the 
Brethren Ministerial Stu- 
dent Aid program. School 
costs continue to rise. The 
money which was made 
available to me helped meet 
some of my expenses. The 
money certainly eased the 
financial pressures. Also, to know you had to 
give of yourselves for my support is extremely 
encouraging. I will never know all of you who 
have given to this program, but I have really 
appreciated your help. Finally, as the Breth- 
ren continue to need and to train pastors, I 
would encourage your continued support of 
those who are seeking to do the Lor'd's work 
on a professional level. 

Tim Garner 

Tim Garner, a 1982 graduate of Ashland 
Theological Seminary, is from North Manchester, 
Ind., where he is a member of the First Brethren 
Church. June 28 he becomes full-time pastor of 
the Walcrest Brethren Church of Mansfield, Ohio, 
where he has served part-time since January. 

/ would like to thank the 
Ministerial Student Aid 
Committee for the support 
given me during my semi- 
nary days at ATS. The 
Brethren must remember 
that seminary training is 
getting more expensive 
every year. The Brethren 
need more leaders, and our 
seminary is the best place to train them. 
Count the cost of quality Brethren leaders. 
Then write to the Brethren Ministerial Stu- 
dent Aid Committee today. 

Keith Hensley 

Keith Hensley, from Harrisonburg, Va., is a 
1982 graduate of Ashland Theological Seminary. 
In July he will begin planting a new Brethren 
church in Catawba County. North Carolina. 

The Brethren Ministerial 
Student Aid Fund has 
helped me in achieving 
some goals in my educa- 

m ** i 



tion. During my college 
career, even though I 
worked, I was dependent 
on others for financial sup- 
port. One part of this sup- 
port was Ministerial Stu- 
dent Aid. It provided significant help even 
considering today's high education costs. Be- 
cause of this help, my financial needs were 
eased. I feel this helped me to concentrate on 
studying, since I didn't have to worry about 
paying the bill. The money given to this fund 
will be returned in the form of more and bet- 
ter educated pastors for the future needs of the 
Brethren Church. I would like to take this op- 
portunity to thank those whose giving made 
this fund possible. 

David Stone 

Dave Stone is from Sarasota, Fla., and a member 
of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. He grad- 
uated from Ashland College in May and plans to 
enter Ashland Theological Seminary in the fall. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

news from the Brethren Church 

Ronald W. Waters to become Director 
of Denominational Business in October 

[Ashland, Ohio — The General 

[Conference Executive Committee 
has taken action to implement 

1 phase two of the Brethren Church 
National Office organization by 

[calling Ronald W. Waters to be- 
come Director of Denominational 
Business. Waters, who is now 
Executive Director and General 
Manager of the Brethren Publish- 
ing Company, will assume this 
new position on October 1, 1982. 

The Executive Committee has 
also entered into an agreement 
with the Brethren Publishing 
Company Board of Trustees 
whereby the Executive Commit- 
tee, through the National Office, 
will provide administrative man- 
agement for the day-to-day opera- 
tions of the Publishing Company. 
This means, in essence, that the 
Publishing Company will recog- 
nize the Director of Denomina- 
tional Business as the Executive 
Director and chief executive officer 
of the company. 

In return for this service, the 
Publishing Company will pay to 
the General Conference Executive 
Committee an amount equal to ap- 
proximately one-half the salary of 
the Director of Denominational 
Business. The Publishing Com- 
pany has also indicated that it will 
hire a print shop manager to 
supervise the printing aspects of 
its business. Currently much of 
this responsibility falls on the 


company's Executive Director. 

As Director of Denominational 
Business, Waters will be taking 
over the business functions of the 
National Office cared for since 
January 1981 by Charles Beekley 
in his position as Denominational 
Administrator. Beekley, who has 
been a half-time employee of the 
General Conference Executive 
Committee and a half-time 
employee of the national Board of 
Christian Education as Director of 
Christian Education, will continue 
to serve with the Board of Chris- 
tian Education, but in a full-time 

Specific areas of responsibility of 
the new Director of Denomina- 
tional Business will include help- 
ing to plan and coordinate General 
Conference, serving as the de- 
nomination's representative to 
government, supervising printing 
of General Conference publica- 
tions (Conference program, re- 
ports, annual, the directory, 
"Leadership Letter," etc.), gather- 
ing statistics, caring for public re- 

Dillards depart for missionary service 
in Medellin, Colombia 

Sarasota, Fla. — Rev. and Mrs. 
Robert Dillard and their son, 
Lucas, left the United States 
Thursday, May 27, for Medellin, 
Colombia, where they will begin 
serving as missionaries for the 
Brethren Church. 
The Dillards departed from 

Sarasota on Thursday morning 
and were to arrive in Medellin at 
5:10 Thursday afternoon. 

Let us continue to remember the 
Dillards in prayer as they adjust 
to a new culture, settle into a dif- 
ferent home, and begin serving the 
Lord as missionaries. 

lations, and implementing de- 
cisions of Executive Committee. 

In addition, the Director of De- 
nominational Business will over- 
see the day-to-day operations of 
the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany. He will meet regularly with 
the Board of Trustees of the com- 
pany to report on the operation 
and state of the company, assist in 
developing objectives, and advise 
in decision-making. While ulti- 
mately accountable to the General 
Conference Executive Committee, 
the Director of Denominational 
Business will nevertheless be re- 
sponsible for carrying out the 
policies established by the Pub- 
lishing Company for the operation 
of its business. 

Waters will come to his new po- 
sition with almost seven years of 
experience with the Publishing 
Company. He joined the company 
in December 1975 as managing 
editor, a position he held until Au- 
gust 1978. That month he became 
Assistant to the Director of the 
company, and in August 1979, As- 
sistant to the Director and Gen- 
eral Manager. Since February 
1980 he has been Executive Direc- 
tor and General Manager. During 
his years with the Publishing 
Company, he has worked closely 
with the various people in the Na- 
tional Office and has had ample 
opportunity to become familiar 
with the operation of the office. 

The son of Rev. and Mrs. Ronald 
L. Waters (now of Waterloo, Iowa), 
Waters received a BA. degree 
from Ashland College in 1973, at- 
tended Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary one year, and received the 
MA. degree in communications 
from Wheaton College Graduate 
School in 1975. He is married, and 
he and his wife, Norma (Grum- 
bling), have one child, Melinda, 
who will be two in September. 

■i* i 

Ij i 

June 1982 



New Columbus church reports progress 
despite tragic loss of key member 

Columbus, Ohio — As the cur- 
rent focus of the Growth Partners 
Club, we would like to bring the 
denomination up to date concern- 
ing progress at Brethren Bible Fel- 
lowship of Columbus. In Novem- 
ber 1981 we purchased property in 
northwest Columbus that is ideally 
located to minister to one of the 
fastest-growing areas of the city. 
The property is a four-acre parcel 
with a farmhouse and barn on it. 
Since January one of our families, 
Bill and Pam Deardurff, have been 
living in the house. 

On January 31, our congrega- 
tion received a terrible shock 
when Don and Barb Graves and 
their seven-month-old daughter, 
Bethany, were involved in a head- 
on collision with an automobile 
driven by a drunken driver. Barb 
was killed and Don and Bethany 
received injuries from which they 
have now recovered. The Graves 
were the couple with whom Dale 
and Marcia Stoffer had shared the 
vision to begin the work in Colum- 
bus, and both Don and Barb 
played leading roles in every 

future mm OF 


pranr mm mi fellow 


Sunday School ? 45 « H Date R Stotfer Pistor 
Worship II 00 AM. Phone 457- WI9 

The four-acre site purchased by the Brethren Bible Fellowship of 
Columbus is located in one of the fastest-growing areas of the city. 

phase of the church's life. 

Barb's death deeply touched 
every person in our fellowship. It 
is one of those experiences where 
one's initial reaction is to ask, 
"Why, Lord?" But our faith in God 
makes it possible for us not "to 
grieve like the rest of men, who 
have no hope" (I Thess. 4:13). 

A new sense of vitality and com- 

Pennsylvania men and hoys enjoy 
retreat at Camp Peniel 

Meyersdale, Pa. — The Laymen's 
Organization of the Pennsylvania 
District sponsored its annual Men 
and Boys Retreat at Camp Peniel 
Friday and Saturday, May 14-15. 

Favored with excellent weather, 
the men and boys enjoyed the 
early spring beauty of Camp 
Peniel as well as various outdoor 
activities. These included fishing 
for trout in the sizable camp pond 
(which had been stocked two days 
earlier), boating, and skeet shoot- 

Eating was also a popular activ- 
ity. Bill Stevens of the Vinco 
Brethren Church supervised the 
fine crew of male chefs who pre- 
pared the food. 

Late Friday evening a devo- 

tional meeting was held to a full 
chapel. Doyle Paul, Rick Kimmel, 
Debbie Paul, and Judy Durst, all 
from the Berlin Brethren Church, 
presented the beautiful special 
music for the service. Doyle Paul 
also showed a full-length color 
film of fish and game on the loose 
in the Pennsylvania forests and 
foothills. The film was furnished 
by the Pennsylvania Game and 
Fish Commission. 

Following various activities on 
Saturday, Rev. Duane Dickson, 
pastor of the Johnstown Third 
Brethren Church, presented a 
mini-sermon at the conclusion of 
the dinner. 

— reported by Floyd S. Benshoff 
Pa. Dist. Laymen's President 

mitment has been experienced by 
our fellowship as we have reflected 
upon the meaning of Barb's death. 
This renewal is seen in the will- 
ingness of everyone to become a 
more active part of the church's 
life. As a result Sunday morning 
average worship attendance 
jumped from 21.2 in the fourth 
quarter of 1981 to 29.5 in the first 
quarter of 1982. Our Bible studies 
and women's group (which Barb 
started) have likewise seen im- 
proved attendance. How true are 
Paul's words in Romans 5:3-5 that 
tribulation produces perseverance, 
proven character, and ultimately 

We would ask your prayers as 
we continue to reach out to the 
people of northwest Columbus 
with the gospel of Jesus Christ. 
We are also seeking God's direc- 
tion concerning a future meeting 
site. Our present meeting site, a 
Weight Watchers facility, is se- 
verely limiting our Sunday school 
program, and our recent growth 
makes it less feasible to meet in 
the house on the new property. We 
thank you of the brotherhood for 
your prayers and your support of 
our work through the Growth 
Partners Club. 

— Dr. Dale R. Stoffer, pastor 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Tucson First Brethren burns mortgage 
on 30th anniversary of the church 

Tucson, Ariz. — Sunday, January 
10, 1982, was a happy occasion for 
the First Brethren Church of Tuc- 
on as it burned its mortgage and 
celebrated its 30th anniversary. 

Rollie Cook was the master of 
ceremonies for the celebration, 
which began Sunday evening with 

carry-in dinner. In addition to 
overseeing the occasion, he also 
gave a run-down of the church's 
accomplishments during its first 
30 years. These included two 
major accomplishments — buying 
property to establish a youth camp 
and sponsoring a sister church in 
another area of Tucson. 

Three charter members of the 
congregation — Mildred Smith, Jes- 
sie Scott, and Walter Sheets — gave 
short talks during the program. 

ildred Smith and Jessie Scott 
and their families were among 
those early Brethren members 
who met first in a private home 
and then in a school building be- 
fore the church building was com- 
pleted. Walter Sheets, a carpenter, 
was a new arrival in Tucson dur- 
ing the early days of the church 

McKinney (left), moderator of the Tucson First Brethren 
and Rollie Cook (right) burn the church's mortgage, as 

Pastor Clarence Stogsdill looks on 

and got his first job working on 
the church building. He and his 
family have been with the church 
ever since. 

Rev. Vernon Grisso, first pastor 
of the congregation, gave an ac- 
count of the problems and bless- 
ings of the early years of the 
church. This was followed by a 
humerous skit presented by Scott 
and Gwen McKinney in the role of 
the "Old Couple." 

New deacons and deaconess ordained 
at Masontown Brethren Church 

The closing talk was given by 
Rev. Clarence Stogsdill, the pres- 
ent pastor. He shared recollections 
of the past and his hopes for the 
church's future, which includes 
the possibility of helping to start a 
third Brethren congregation in 

The First Brethren Church of 
Tucson is perhaps unique in the 
Brethren denomination in that it 
has had only two permanent pas- 
tors in its 30-year history. Rev. 
Grisso was the founding pastor, 
and Rev. Stogsdill has served as 
pastor for the past 18 years. 

Masontown, Pa. — Mary Davis, 
Don Rosie, Holmes Conaway, and 
George T. Beal were ordained as 
deaconess and deacons in the 
Masontown Brethren Church on 
Sunday, March 28. 

Rev. Carl Phillips, pastor of the 
Vinco Brethren Church, was the 
guest speaker for the special ordi- 
nation service. Following the serv- 
ice, the social committee of the 
Masontown church prepared a din- 
ner for the congregation. 

John Valeri, Sr., was also 
elected to the deacon board in Feb- 
ruary. But on March 25 Mr. Valeri 
was called to be with the Lord. 

Eva Berkshire and Emily Brown 
are retired members of the deacon 
board of the Masontown Church. 

Members of the 

deacon board of 

the Masontown 

Brethren Church 

include (front 

row, left to right) 

George T. Beal, 

Holmes Conaway, 

Dorothy Hess, 

Dorothy Beal, 

( back row) Pastor 

Robert O. Byler, 

John P. Logan, 

Mary Davis, and 

Don Rosie. 

June 1982 



Louisville First Brethren launches 
sanctuary remodeling project 

Louisville, Ohio — The First 
Brethren Church of Louisville 
launched a remodeling project 
with a ground-breaking service on 
Easter Sunday, April 11. The 
service was held following the 
morning worship service, with 220 
in attendance. 

The present remodeling project 
includes insulating the walls of 
the sanctuary building, covering 
the exterior of the walls with vinyl 
siding, and putting seven feet of 
brick up from the foundation. The 
brick will match that of the educa- 
tional wing, built in 1960. The 
front entrance to the sanctuary 
building will also be removed and 
replaced with a brick entrance 
containing a stained glass window. 

The present remodeling project 
is the first phase of a three-part 

Gary Carper, chairman of the planning committee, breaks ground as 
moderator Bill Williams and planning committee members Phyllis Oys- 
ter, Ethel Culler, Pastor John Brownsberger, and Dave Knouff look on. 

remodeling program. Phases two 
and three will include putting a 

Wayne Heights church sets record 
Love Loaf offering 

Waynesboro, Pa — Sunday, May 
2nd, was an exciting day at the 
Wayne Heights Brethren Church. 
It was the day set aside for break- 
ing Love Loaves. 

This event has become one of 
the yearly highlights of the Wayne 
Heights Church, and the congre- 
gation always experiences a sense 
of enthusiasm and excitement. 
This was especially true this year 
since the church was aiming at a 
goal of at least $1,000! 

When we first entered the Love 
Loaf program six or seven years 
ago, our offering was $135. Each 
year this figure has grown until 
last year we contributed a record 
$835. A few of our members were 
bold enough to suggest a goal of 
$1,000 for 1982— in spite of the in- 
flationary and recessionary condi- 
tions of our economy. Slowly others 
began to talk about "the goal." 

So when the Brethren gathered 
for the morning worship service on 
May 2nd, they did so with a ques- 
tion in their minds — Will we make 

it? When the time for receiving 
this special offering arrived, each 
member of the congregation came 
forward and emptied the contents 
of his or her loaf into the prepared 
containers. (This takes time, but 
we have found that personally 
opening the loaves and pouring 
out the offering gives added mean- 
ing to the service.) 

By the time of the evening serv- 
ice, our treasurer had counted the 
offering and we were able to share 
the good news — we had gone over 
the goal by $370. Yes, the total 
was $1,370.62, with some loaves 
yet to be returned. We anticipate a 
total offering of $1,400. 

During the six-week period be- 
tween distributing the Love 
Loaves and receiving the offering, 
our Love Loaf coordinator, Miss 
Vera Laughlin, gave weekly 
reports from various parts of the 
world telling of conditions and 
needs in those areas. Also during 
these six weeks, the congregation 
saw two very powerful films, 

new entrance and foyer to the east 
of the church building and remod- 
eling the interior of the sanctuary. 
— reported by Pastor 
John Brownsberger 

"Crisis in the Horn of Africa" and 
"Empty Bellies Have No Ears." 

The proceeds from our Love Loaf 
offering will be equally divided be- 
tween two agencies — World Vision 
International (sponsors of the Love 
Loaf program) and the World Re- 
lief Corporation of the National 
Association of Evangelicals 
(through our own denomination's 
World Relief Board). 

We praise the Lord for His good- 
ness to us, and for His making it 
possible for us to share His boun- 
ties and His word with others. 

— Henry Bates, pastor 

Masontown youth 
present cantata 

Masontown, Pa. — The Brethren 
youth of the Masontown Brethren 
Church presented the youth can- 
tata "Believer" to the congregation 
on Sunday, April 25. This was 
their "Youth Sunday" service. 

A total of 22 young people par- 
ticipated in the youth service. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Board of Christian Ed. announces 
1982 ABCT Seminar plans 


Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 

Christian Education has announced 
the dates, locations, topics, and 
leaders for the 1982 ABCT Semi- 


As in recent years, the seminars 
will be held during the fall in six 
different locations across the de- 
nomination. This year's dates and 
places will be: 

Bessie Lippold named Senior Disciple 
by Loree Brethren Church 

Bunker Hill, Ind.— On May 2 

Mrs. Bessie Lippold was honored 
as the "Senior Disciple" of the year 
at the Loree Brethren Church. The 
honor was bestowed on Mrs. Lip- 
pold at an evening service spon- 
sored by the Woman's Missionary 

Mrs. Bessie Lippold 

Society of the Loree Church. The 
theme of the service was disci- 

Mrs. Lippold was chosen for this 
honor mainly for her dedication 
and faithfulness as church pianist 
for over fifty years. At the present 
time she is also an officer of WMS 
and secretary of the Loree 
Church's Board of Christian Edu- 
cation. Mrs. Lippold served for 
many years as a public school 
teacher and has used her teaching 
abilities in many areas of the 

Honorable mention as "Senior 
Disciples" went to Josephine 
Gable, Ernest Sprinkle, Andrew 
York, Rev. Austin Gable, and 
Arlene Lewis. 

— reported by Jane Stogsdill 

September 18 — Milledgeville, 

October 9 — Warsaw, Indiana 

October 16 — Maurertown, 

October 30 — Vinco, Penn- 

November 6 — New Lebanon, 

November 20 — Ashland (Park 
Street), Ohio 

Four topics will be offered this 
year in various areas of Christian 
education work. Although exact 
titles have not been finalized, 
topics will include effective church 
leadership led by Rev. William 
Kerner; church growth through 
the Sunday school by Mr. Ronald 
Waters; ministering to adults by 
Rev. Michael Gleason and Rev. 
Kenneth Hunn; and the learning 
center concept by Rev. Randall 

The BCE encourages churches 
and individuals to mark these 
dates on their calendars now and 
to make plans to attend. 

A detailed brochure containing 
registration information will be 
mailed later this summer. 

Children's Conference Registration 

Complete this form and return it with $6.00 per child to the Board of Chris- 
tian Education, 524 College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805, before August 7. 
(For more information, see the announcement on page 2.) 

Registration before August 7: 
$6.00 per child 

Child's name 

Registration at Conference: 
$7.50 per child 


School grade 

Parents' names 




Amount enclosed 

_ State Zip 

h | 

June 1982 





Shipshewana Retreat Center sponsors banquet 
to ingather funds, begin 1982 camper drive 

Shipshewana, Ind. — A total of 187 Brethren of the 
Indiana District attended a banquet sponsored by the 
Shipshewana Brethren Retreat Center on Friday 
evening, April 30. The purpose of the banquet was to 
ingather funds for the center's new dining hall and to 
begin a drive for 1982 summer campers. 

The ingathering for the dining hall was the focus of 
the first part of the program. The new dining hall was 
dedicated on October 17, 1980, with an indebtedness 
of $49,000. By the end of April 1982, this had been re- 
duced to $37,300. The ingathering at the banquet 
brought in an additional $7,772.46. 

Ken Van Duyne, coordinator for the Shipshewana 
Retreat Center, expressed his appreciation for the sup- 
port of the Brethren in Indiana for this project. He 
also announced that additional Brethren are being 
sought who will pledge to give $36 each to this minis- 
try to pay off the indebtedness on the dining hall. 

The second part of the 
program focused on the sum- 
mer camping program. Dur- 
ing this time, it was an- 
nounced that Paul Deardurff 
has been hired as full-time 
associate director. Mr. Dear- 
durff is a graduate of Ash- 
land College and Theologi- 
cal Seminary. During the 
past school year, he and his 
wife, Paula, served as house 
parents for resident students of the Ashland Academy 
(on the Ashland College campus). 

A goal of 400 participants for this year's summer 
camping program at Shipshewana was also an 
nounced. But during the course of the evening, this 
goal was increased to 500! 

| I 

Paul Deardurff 


Lee and Lilith Howard, 50th, June 26th. Members 
of the Mulvane Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Weidenhamer, 51st, June 21. 
Members of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl Denlinger, 61st, June 15. Mem- 
bers of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 
Robert and Lois Perkins, 50th, May 11. Members of 
the Bryan First Brethren Church. 

Paul and Margaret Miller, 52nd, May 7. Members of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Lawrence and Leila Ru Lon, 52nd, May 4. Members 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Russ and Lenora Mullinex, 52nd, April 27. Mem- 
bers of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
George and Dorothy Beal, 52nd, April 10. Members 
of the Masontown Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Vera McGraw, May 1. Member of the Massillon First 
Brethren Church. Her husband, Rev. Paul B. 
McGraw, on several occasions served as interim pastor 
of the Massillon Brethren Church. Services at Center 
Free Methodist Church, Caldwell, Ohio, with Jimmie 
Rogers, pastor, officiating. 

Virginia Carney, 80, April 29. Member of the Mason- 
town Brethren Church. 

Earl Wilkin, 86, April 18. Member for 66 years and 
deacon of the Lanark First Brethren Church. He also 
served on the Ashland College Board of Trustees. 
Services by Dave Cooksey, pastor. 
Kenneth M. Buckey, 74, April 17. Member and 

deacon of the Dayton Hillcrest Brethren Church. He 
also served on the Ashland College Board of Trustees. 
Services by David A. Rusk, pastor. 
Carmen Kath, 88, March. Member of the Tiosa 
Brethren Church. Services by Donald G. Snell, pastor. 
Hazel Conaway, 90, February 13. Member since 
1906 of the Tiosa Brethren Church. Services by 
Donald G. Snell, pastor. 

Membership Growth 

Masontown: 4 by baptism, 1 by transfer 
Ardmore: 2 by baptism 
Wabash: 3 by baptism 

Calendar of Events 

JUNE — Ministerial Student Aid emphasis month 

7-8 Statement of Faith Task Force meeting at 
Park Street Brethren Church 
Indiana District Conference at Shipshewana 
Retreat Center 






Central District Conference at the Lanark 
First Brethren Church 
Southeast District Conference at the 
Hagerstown First Brethren Church 
Pennsylvania District Conference at Camp 

9 General Conference Executive Committee 
meeting at Park Street Brethren Church 
Ohio District Executive Committee meeting 
at the Ashland Restaurant 
General Conference and National Youth 
Convention at Ashland College. Conference 
theme: "Members in One Body," Romans 12:4 




The Brethren Evangelist 


Youth and Church Membership 

dentity and Faith: Youth in a Believers' Church 

>y Maurice Martin (Herald Press, 1981, 112 pp., 
>3.95, paperback). 

The author of this book ponders a number of ques- 
ions of interest to Brethren people. These include: 

1. Why do youth ask for baptism but want to delay 
:hurch membership? 

2. Do children feel left out of Communion services? 

3. Should pre-adolescent children be baptized? 

4. Should teen-age members of a congregation be 
ifforded the full privileges of church membership (i.e., 
he right to vote)? 

5. Does it make a difference in conversion experi- 
ence when children are reared by believing parents? 

6. Is crisis conversion the only acceptable response 
o the call of Christ? 

7. How can we help children and youth feel that 
;hey belong to the family of God? 

Maurice Martin, pastor of the Hagerman Mennonite 
Hhurch, Milliken, Ontario, attempts to take seriously 
lis commitments. He tackles the questions about 
/outh from a believers' church understanding of the 
Scriptures and the church. He shares from his own 
experience and also relates insights from the social 

Pastor Martin believes that finding answers to the 
mestions posed begins by seeing the logical and bib- 
lea! connection between baptism and membership in 
;he local body of believers. He proceeds by defining 
maturity from the insights of social scientists, 
rhirdly, he allows for various kinds of conversion 
without insisting on crisis conversion. Fourthly, he 

Meditations for Teachers 

Chalkdust by Elspeth Campbell Murphy (Baker Book 
House, 1979, $4.95, hardback). 

Chalkdust is an excellent, well-written book of 
prayer meditations for teachers. I would recommend it 
for any elementary teacher. 

The poems and prayers deal not only with problem 
children, but also with children who are joys in the 
classroom and who are therefore often overlooked dur- 
ing meditation time. 

The short reflections deal with daily trials, 
triumphs, and frustrations faced by every teacher. As 
a kindergarten teacher, I found it very easy to put 
names of past and present students with each medita- 

— Phyllis Sarver 

Mrs. Sarver attends the Berlin Brethren Church and 
teaches kindergarten in the Berlin public school. 

calls for full participation in the family of God by any 
and all baptized members. 

This insightful book will spark lively discussions 
among Brethren who take the time to read carefully 
this short but stimulating work. 

— Richard E. Allison 

Dr. Allison is associate professor of Christian educa- 
tion at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Guide to Children's Music 

The Non-Musician's Guide to Children's Music by 

Barbara and Charles Smith (International Center for 
Learning [a subsidiary of Gospel Light Publications], 
32 pp., $1.50, paperback). 

"I'd love to use music with my children, but I don't 
read music! I can't even sing very well, and I don't 
play the piano. So we struggle through a few songs 
everybody knows each week, and that's not very satis- 
fying for me or for the children." 

If this Sunday school teacher's lament echoes your 
feelings about music, then this booklet is for you. It 
can be read in one sitting — one-half to one hour of 
time — but its values will last for a lifetime. 

Here you will find a wealth of simple, practical, and 
enjoyable things that you can do with music and chil- 
dren to brighten any session, increase the impact of 
your Bible teaching, and contribute to an atmosphere 
of worship. The ideas in this booklet have been used 
successfully by "non-musical" people in Sunday 
school, church time, weekday clubs, Christian schools, 
and other programs involving elementary-age chil- 
dren in Christian education. 

Barbara and Charles Smith write from extensive 
backgrounds in teaching children. Barbara has taught 
children in public school and Sunday school. She has 
also given significant time to training teachers in 
church programs and to writing Sunday school cur- 

Charles has served as children's minister and minis- 
ter of education for several churches. He is the author 
of three books on the Christian education of children. 
He also serves as a member of the International 
Center for Learning's children's team, leading semi- 
nars in many cities in North America. 

A special section of Learning/Discussion ideas is in- 
cluded for study by teacher and parent groups in this 
well-illustrated little booklet by the Smiths. 

— Robert Keplinger 

Rev. Keplinger is a member of the General Confer- 
ence worship committee and submits this review on 
behalf of that committee. 

■ i 

June 1982 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Marriage Upkeep 

SOME people say marriages are made in 
heaven. But a good many of them turn 
out as if they were formed in hell. In our 
throwaway society, marriage is like a Timex 
watch: if it doesn't work, just throw it away 
and get another one. 

One of God's earliest statements dealt with 
marriage. After the initial creation and on 
the sixth day, God said, "It is not good that 
the man should be alone." So He created 
woman. She was beautiful — Miss Eden. Then 
God officiated at the first marriage cere- 
mony, with angels as attendants. 

Things have changed drastically since that 
first wedding. Adam's offspring haven't al- 
ways fared well in their marriages. As the 
magazine Changing Times notes, "Marriages 
may be made in heaven, but man is responsi- 
ble for the maintenance work!" If we ignore 
our earthly responsibilities for upkeep, the 
result is often total desolution of our mar- 
riages and a mockery of our covenant vows. 
The situation can be compared to the crimi- 
nal of years gone by who ignored the con- 
sequences of the law — that to steal a horse 
could result in hanging! 

Strangely enough, most of the problems 
that confront us in marriage are small ones. 
Yet these problems build into insurmounta- 
ble mountains. Most divorces are the out- 
growth of these little problems that probably 
could have been ironed out in the beginning. 

"Marriages may be made in 
heaven, but man is respon- 
sible for the maintenance 
work!' 9 

I'm reminded of the man who walked across 
the United States backward. He was asked 
what gave him the most trouble. Was it 
crossing the Mississippi or climbing the 
Rockies? "No," he replied, "it was neither of 
these. It was the sand in my shoes!" 

It's easy to fall in love, marry, and assume 


the job is done. Nothing could be further 
from the truth. Storms do arise. As Dr. Loui 
Evans — in Your Marriage, Duel or Duet? — 
has said, "If during our stormy matrimonial 
voyage, we do come to occasional patches of 
calm sea, we cannot enjoy them; we are so 
seasick from the other experiences." 

"Marriages that are based 
on a Christian foundation 
have the best chance to 

It's up to the Christian church to set an 
example of marriage. We've got to combine 
the church with the home, for the best anal- 
ogy of the Christian life is found in a Chris- 
tian marriage. Luther hit the nail on the 
head when he said, "God has set the type of 
marriage everywhere throughout the crea- 
tion, every creature seeks its perfection in 
another, the very heavens and earth picture 
it to us." 

Marriages that are based on a Christian 
foundation have the best chance to succeed. 
Christian faith makes it possible to recognize 
that marriages made in heaven can be lived 
on earth. Frederick William Robertson said, 
"There are two rocks in this world, on which 
the soul must either anchor, or be wrecked — 
the one is God, and the other, marriage." 

Unfortunately, few anchor in God. The in- 
evitable happens: a marriage adrift on the 
turbulent sea of matrimony. It's like the first 
time I took my daughter out in a boat. We 
were in twenty feet of water and had a new 
anchor, which I was anxious to try. "Mate, 
throw over the anchor!" I said. She did. But 
when she threw in the anchor, the rope fol- 
lowed — all of it. As captain, I had forgotten 
one minor detail, to secure the other end of 
the rope to the boat! 

For marriage to succeed in these times, it 
must be anchored in God. I'm convinced of 
that. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 















































































































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A message to Brethren youth and adults 
from BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 




The high point of the National BYC program is fast 
approaching — the National BYC Convention. August 
9-13 Brethren youth from all across the country will 
gather in Ashland to fellowship, learn, laugh, and cry. 
The Convention promises to be a mountaintop experi- 
ence for Christians gathered in Christ's name. I hope 
your plans to attend are well underway. This Briefing 
will highlight some activities to expect. 

Before I present these highlights, however, I'd first 
like to emphasize an important idea about the Con- 
vention itself. You, your local youth group, and your 
district youth program all stand to benefit from your 
attending this Convention. And once you attend, plan 
to participate! Your own spiritual and physical growth 
as well as that of your local and district programs de- 
pend on your effort. Remember the principle in Gala- 
tians 6:7: "Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for 
whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." 
Use the Convention as a tool to develop not only your- 
selves, but also your friends back home, by sharing 
with them what you have received. Keep in mind as 
well that the more youth that attend the Convention 
from your group, the more they'll be taking back home 
with them to share! 

A main event at this year's Convention will be a 
mance by 
Korem. He 
may be best 
described as 
a Christian 
Korem is a 
master of il- 
lusion and 
slight of 
hand, but 
he also 
shares a 
that no one 
can make 
disappear — 

that Jesus Christ died for our sins and rose again. 
Korem exposes magic and trickery and gives his audi- 
ence something much more substantial — the gospel! 

Youth Communion will also be a main event to look 
forward to again this year. Our leader, Rev. Mike 
Gleason, will help us understand the suffering of God's 
chosen people and His chosen Servant, Jesus Christ. 

BYC groups with Bible quiz teams will be matching 
their knowledge and skills in the BYC quiz competi- 

tion. The teams have been studying the Book of] 
Matthew for the competition. The event promises toj 
show us how well we can get to know the Scriptures' 
by studying them intently. 

Several workshops will be offered in the afternoons 
We will have the choice of participating in a variety of 
topics, from missions, rally and retreat ideas, to pup- 
petry, and youth recreation ideas. The seminars will 
be led by some famous Brethren personalities from 
whom you'll enjoy learning. 

This year, at the beginning of Conference week, we 
will meet the 1982 Summer Crusaders during the 
Crusader Review. The Convention will open with a re- 
view of their summer experiences follwed by the BYC 
kickoff. Speaking of BYC, that reminds me to mention 
our BYC business sessions. During the week we will 
hold our 1982 Project Ingathering for the Brethren 
Care Nursing Home in Ashland. We'll also be choos- 
ing a project for next year along with setting new 
goals and guidelines. And, of course, be thinking of 
choosing your leaders for the coming year as well. 

Other activities include an Amy Grant film, folk 
games, Brotherhood and Sisterhood sessions, an all- 
Conference choir, and plenty of opportunities to meet 
and share with old and new friends. 

Well, I'm excited! But I can only write so much in a 
small space. So you'll just have to come and experi 
ence it for yourself. Having served you as BYC Mod 
erator for two years, I hope you've learned more about 
this channel through which we can grow spiritually 
and serve faithfully our Lord and the Brethren 
Church. BYC is the channel to be tuned to. Share 
Christ and BYC with a friend whenever you have the 
chance. There's plenty to share because He's doing a 
lot and so is BYC! See you at the Convention. 

World Relief Bulletin 

Wheaton, HI. — World Relief Corporation is providing 
food, clothing, medicine, agricultural tools, and hope[ 
for the Miskito Indian refugees in eastern Honduras 
The Miskitos fled their native Nicaragua this spring 
when the Sandinista government destroyed their vil- 
lages. By May, 12,000 men, women, and many chil-[ 
dren had fled to camps in Honduras. 

According to WRC reports, the Miskitos are about 
80 percent Protestant, the result of evangelistic efforts 
by the Moravian Church. They are attempting to or- 
ganize around their Moravian pastors, re-establishj 
their villages in Honduras, plant crops, and survive.! 
WRC is seeking to raise $150,000 immediately so 
their teams can continue functioning. 

Brethren wanting to respond to this need may do so 
by sending checks marked "Miskito" to Bob Bischof, 
Box 117, New Paris, IN 46553. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

•W *K The Brethren ^ • A 


In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 



Richard C. Winfield 

[Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

(Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

{Editorial And 
| Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

I Published monthly for the Brethren 
[Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
Ipany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
j100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
|5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

: Single-copy price: 75c 
(Change of address: Please notify us at 
| least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
I dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Summer in the countryside — 
with the church prominent in the 
community. An idyllic scene 
which seems to be passing away 
in much of our country. You can 
make the church the center of 
your summer by attending Con- 
ference in August. See the Con- 
ference preview on pages 10-17. 

104, No. 7 

July 1982 


What's So Great About General Conference? 

Betty Carpenter found out when she attended for the first time 
last year, and she shares what she learned. 

5 Serving the Lord After Retirement 

Darrell and Elvera Byrket tell how retirement opened the door 
to greater Christian service for them through short-term, volun- 
teer work. 

6 Understanding Organizational Design 

In Part II of this series on "An Organizational Design for the 
Brethren Church," Jack L. Oxenrider looks at what kind of 
organizational structure best fits the Brethren Church. 

8 Preparing a Centennial Statement 

Jerry Flora introduces the centennial statement of faith that will 
be discussed at General Conference in August. 

1982 Conference Preview 

10 The 94th General Conference 

of the Brethren Church 

Introduction; program outline; inspirational speaker; Moderator. 

12 Evening Inspirational Services 

13 WMS and Laymen's Sessions 

14 Special Conference Events 

Discipleship Models; calling all quilters; Mission Board lunch- 
eon; workshops. 

15 Important Conference Information 

Housing; flowers; children; choir; Publishing Company corpo- 
ration meeting. 

16 National Youth Convention 


2 BYC Briefing 

9 Letters 

18 Update 

23 The Salt Shaker 


July 1982 

What's So Great 
About General Confence? 

by Betty Carp( 


The following article was received shortly 
after the conclusion of last year's General Con- 
ference. It expresses well what many people have 
experienced as they have attended Conference, 
either for the first time or after many times. 

It is printed here in hopes that it will encour- 
age many who have never attended Conference 
to do so this year, and to remind those who nor- 
mally attend Conference of the blessings that 
await them again this August. 

FOR 25 years I had a desire to attend 
National Conference. Last year that 
desire became a reality. 

I knew that I would enjoy Conference be- 
fore I ever arrived. But in addition to being a 
part of Conference, I was looking for some 
answers. And that is what I am sharing in 
this article. 

Over the years as people returned from 
Conference and gave reports of what took 
place, we often heard along with their 
reports remarks such as: "You feel so much 
love there." "There was so much en- 
thusiasm." "Everyone was so friendly." "We 
cannot explain the feeling. You would have 
to be there to understand." "We can't put it 
into words, but if you were there, you would 
know what we are talking about." 

I, for one, did not fully understand how 
Conference could lift you so high. Were they 
putting us down? Or were we guilty of 
quenching their spirits when they returned? 
Could they not experience these same feel- 
ings in our church? 

Within 24 hours of arriving on the Confer- 
ence grounds, I began to find my answers. 
Here are some of the things I found out about 
Conference that make it special. 

(1) It's a reunion. A reunion is a gathering 
of a family or a group of people with a com- 
mon memory. Conference is definitely re- 
union time — one big family coming together 
for a week. 

(2) It's refreshing. When you meet again 
people who have touched your life in the 
past, you have a common gratitude toward 
them. It's refreshing, also, because you have 

Betty Carpenter is a member of the First Breth- 
ren Church of Ardmore, South Bend, Indiana. 

laid aside your daily home routine, and youi 
mind is completely open to the messages 
music, workshops, and other activities. 

(3) It's a renewal. You experience renewal 
as you feel a common loyalty to be more 
dedicated to Christian principles. These art 
the things that bind people together ir 
Christ, and Conference brings these princi 
pies strongly to mind time and time again. 

Chapters two and three of the Book oi 
Revelation describe seven different churches 
These churches were not all alike. Neithei 
are our Brethren churches. Some are strong 
in one attribute and some are strong in 
another. And just as the churches in Revela- 
tion had their shortcomings, Brethren 
churches have their defects as well. 

What does all this have to do with Confer- 
ence? Just this. When representatives of all 
the Brethren churches come together at Ash- 
land, I am sure that all the strong attributes 
mentioned in Revelation are present. This is 
something special that has to be felt. Ex- 
periencing the presence of love, patience, car- 
ing, service, faithfulness, strength in the 
word, labor on the fields, being longsuffering 
in tribulation, and most of all Philadelphian 
brotherly love gives you a mountaintop ex- 
perience. Attaining these attributes is a goal 
that all Brethren churches can work toward, 
so that when Christ returns we are found 
strong in all these things. 

I found Conference to be many other 
things as well. It's not all unity on all issues. 
And even the sitting begins to feel like work 
toward the end of the week. 

But Conference may also be a quick game 
of tennis between sessions; a short nap if no 
one discovers that you have disappeared; a 
trip to Friendly's for ice cream every chance 
you get; or trying to beat the crowd to your 
favorite eating place. It is devotions in the 
hallway late at night with a new friend; or 
getting up early. It's eating a delicious apple 
or doughnut between sessions. It's seeing 
people of every age group together. 

Yes, Conference is different! It's supposed 
to be! You have to be there to understand 

can't put it into words. 



The Brethren Evangelist 

Serving the Lord After Retirement 

by Darrel and Elvera Byrket 

Whatsoever ye do, do it to the glory of God. 
You mean . . . even retirement, Lord? 

WHEN we were married in the early 
1940's, we put on our list of "someday" 
things becoming more involved in service to 
[others. Last year, January 1981, we 
graduated to the ranks of the retired with 
the time to follow our plan. Consequently, we 
volunteered our services for a three-month's 
jstay in an orphanage in Tepic, Mexico. 

What an initiation! Darrel's main jobs 
were building wardrobes, closets, and desks 
jand drawers in the dormitories, and putting 
(doors on kitchen cupboards. When this was 
idone, we were very happy with the improve- 
ment for the children. But we also scrubbed 
ifloors, cleaned bathrooms, scraped paint, re- 
pasted wallpaper, and fought cockroaches, 
homesickness, and mismanagement. We 
even went hungry at times. But the good 
Lord and the prayers of our church family at 
home sustained us. We accepted this as a 
good learning experience. 

Not completely disheartened, January 1, 
1982, found us again starting another three 
months of volunteer service — this time with 
the Salvation Army in Costa Rica. We were 
stationed at Modela Centra, a model center 
for the rehabilitation of alcoholics, located 
about thirty minutes from the middle of San 
Jose. The beautiful buildings of this new 
center were planned and built by a Dutch 
Christian with oil holdings in Costa Rica. He 
then turned the center over debt-free to the 
Salvation Army less than three years ago. 

An important phase of the program at 

The Byrkets have been members of the Brethren 
Church for many years, initially in the Elkhart First 
Brethren Church, and then as charter members of the 
Winding Waters Brethren Church. Both have been 
active in all aspects of church life. Darrel has served 
in several board positions and as moderator at Wind- 
ing Waters. Elvera, likewise, has been on several 
boards. She also served as organist for seventeen 
years at Elkhart First Brethren and for eighteen years 
at Winding Waters. 

Modela Centra is teaching the men a trade, 
then placing them in jobs upon completion of 
a six-month course. Five teachers have now 
been hired and regular classes are being 
held. Darrel was instrumental in training 
the woodworking teacher in the use of the 
many excellent power tools. I helped the art 
department organize and make art and craft 
items for participation in an arts festival in 
San Jose in mid-March. This was both suc- 
cessful and profitable. 

One of the many bonuses of volunteer ser- 
vice is the lasting friendships you make. The 
Salvation Army people were like second fam- 
ily to us and were very cooperative and sup- 
portive. The men in the program were very 
kind and respectful, and were appreciative of 
our friendship and our efforts on their behalf. 
They were also very patient with our "Mix- 
Mex" Spanish. It was a good winter! 

Where will January 1983 find us? Only 
God knows, but we are planning for another 
3-4 months of service wherever He shows us 
a need. Perhaps it will again be in Costa 
Rica; we have been invited to return. 

(continued on next page) 

i r| 

Darrel and Elvera Bryket 

July 1982 

Residents at the Medela Centra. This picture 
was taken on the Byrkets last Sunday at the center. 

(continued from previous page) 
After only two years of short-term service, 
we don't pretend to be all-wise about volun- 
teer work. Key words are flexibility, pa- 
tience, a good sense of humor, expecting the 
unexpected, and the knowledge that when 
God gives us work to do, He also gives us 
health and strength to do it. 

We urge those of you who are planning 
ahead for your retirement to make this part 
of your plan. It could become habit forming! 
For those who are now retired, think seri- 
ously of giving several months of a year 
through the church, community services, 
YMCA, or the Salvation Army. There's a 
need somewhere for your skills or talents, 
even if they seem ordinary to you. We feel 
the ranks of retired persons hold a great un- 
tapped potential. We also urge the Brethren 
Church to look into the development of vol- 
unteer programs for this very able group. 

Whatsoever ye do, do it to God's glory. Car- 
ing for children, giving them values, helping 
alcoholics regain self-esteem and learn 
trades, building, scrubbing, teaching, sing- 
ing, listening, sharing — these are all "what- 
soevers." And great are the rewards! [t] 

If you are interested in short-term voluntary 
Christian service, opportunities are available both 
within the Brethren Church and through other 
agencies. Service at Riverside Christian Training 
chool in Lost Creek, Ky., and as tentmakers in one 
of our home mission churches are two possibilities 
within the Brethren Church. 

To explore these or other opportunities for short- 
term Christian service, write to the Missionary 
Board of the Brethren Church, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, Ohio 44805. Editor 

An Organizational Design jj 

Part II. UncU 

WHEREVER two or three are gathered 
together . . . with a mutual desire to 
accomplish a specific task, an organizational 
structure will emerge. Organization is im- 
portant because proper organization is an 
enabling environment. A healthy organiza- 
tion (1) promotes communication; (2) helps 
maintain unity; (3) encourages relationships; 
and (4) provides resources. 

The most common organizational scheme 
is the directive structure. When most people 
talk about organizational design, they tend 
to think in terms of a directive structure. 

In the directive structure, authority and 
power are concentrated at the top of the 
chart and delegated toward the bottom (see 
figure 1). In the directive organization, 
people in leadership positions behave as 
directors and enforce the policies, norms, and 
regulations of the organization. Directive or- 
ganizations do not encourage sharing or re- 
lationships, nor are they willing to relin- 
quish any large amount of decision-making 
authority. The directive structure of organi- 
zation is based primarily on the ideas of 
autocratic leadership. 

Such a limited organizational design is 
contrary to the concept of the brotherhood- 
church. Brethren, because of their aversion 
to hierarchy, their commitment to the equal- 
ity of community, and their functional view 
of the priesthood of all believers, have had 

Figure 1. Directive Structure — Organizational Level 

The Brethren Evangelist 

I Brethren Church 

anding Organizational Design 

by Jack L. Oxenrider 

little use for directive, autocratic structure in 
the overall organization of the Brethren 

A different concept of organizational struc- 
tures was identified by Rensis Likert during 
the 1960's. The structure has been identified 
as the collaborative structure. The collabora- 
tive structure represents a major change in 
organizational understanding and organiza- 
tional structure because decisions are made 
in groups rather than by individuals. The 
collaborative structure encourages sharing, 
relationships, and mutual authority in deci- 

The collaborative structure can be better 
understood by looking at figure 2. Within the 
organizational diagram of the collaborative 
structure, the triangles represent groups, 
and the circles within the triangles represent 
people. Note that the one circle at the top of 
each small triangle is also in the larger 
triangle. These interconnected circles within 
the groups represent the facilitator-leader- 
ship, who are responsible for relationships 
and communications between groups. 

Within the collaborative structure, as 
within the Brethren Church, there are vari- 
ous group levels where decisions are made. 
While decisions can be made within any 
group, it should be recognized that each 
small group is accountable to the central 
group (the administrative core). This means 
that all decisions are made in accordance 
with the policy and procedures of the whole 
organization. Therefore, uniformity is main- 
tained by the linking of the various sub- 

Dr. Oxenrider is senior pastor of the Jefferson 
Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind. This is the second 
in a series of articles which he is adapting for the 
Evangelist from his recently completed doctoral 
dissertation entitled "Sharing Leadership in the 
Brethren Church: A Leadership Design for an 
Elder in the Tradition and Polity of the Brethren 
Church" The first article in the series appeared in 
last month's Evangelist. 


/ (Q\ 

/ ^\& 

(A\ ^v 

(6 Q) V Q) 

Figure 2. Collaborative Structure — Organiza- 
tional Level (Likert's link-pin structure) 

groups to the central administrative group. 

In the collaborative structure, groups 
make the decisions rather than individuals. 
Therefore, a greater breadth of resources is 
involved in the decision-making process. 
Groups are accountable for decisions rather 
than individuals. Such an organizational 
structure requires considerable investment 
of time in the group and in group problem- 

Such a structure of organization captures 
the genius of the Brethren Church. There 
are, within this structure, clear lines of com- 
munication, responsibility, and accountabil- 
ity. Such a structure maintains a balance of 
authority while encouraging shared leader- 
ship. Thus, the structure helps preserve the 
Believers' Church identity, for the structure 
makes hierarchy and autocratic leadership 
virtually impossible. 

It is essential that the Brethren Church 
develop its own organization in accordance 
with its essence, purpose, and goals. The col- 
laborative structure provides a base for such 
a Brethren organizational design. [t] 

{Next issue: "Part III. A Working Brethren 

July 1982 

Preparing a Centennial Statement 

by Jerry Flora 

NEXT year the General Conference will 
observe the centennial of our birth as a 
distinct denomination. It was a hundred 
years ago that the Progressives left the Ger- 
man Baptist Brethren Church. Under the 
leadership of Elder Henry Holsinger and 
others, the new group called itself The 
Brethren Church and formally incorporated 
in 1883. 

In anticipation of our centennial, last 
year's General Conference directed that a 
statement of faith be written for 1983, not as 
a binding creed but as a testimony of Breth- 
ren beliefs. Conference appointed Elders 
Dale Stoffer and Jerry Flora to chair a task 
force to produce this statement of faith. For 
the past eleven months a group of volunteers 
has been working on this two-year project, 
and a first report is ready for General Con- 
ference in August. The task force, composed 
of pastors, executives, and professors, wants 
to hear from the Brethren. 

In order to do this, a workshop period has 
been set aside on Friday morning of Confer- 
ence week for discussing the tentative form 
of the statement of faith. At that time dele- 
gates and others present at Conference will 
have opportunity to meet with members of 
the task force, ask questions about the docu- 
ment, and have a say in what needs to be 
done. Copies of the statement in its present, 
incomplete form will be available throughout 
the week. 

"A Centennial Statement" will appear in 
two parts: "The Message of Faith" (ready 
now) and "The Life of Faith" (ready next 
year). Each part will open with a preamble, 
followed by brief statements explaining the 
articles of our faith. Here is the preamble to 
the first part, the section dealing with Breth- 
ren doctrine: 

The Brethren Church was formally or- 
ganized at Dayton, Ohio, on June 6-7, 1883. 

Dr. Flora is associate professor of New Testament 
and theology at Ashland Theological Seminary. 


The Brethren from their beginnings in 1708 
had always avoided a formal creed, fearing 
that it would limit the work of the Holy Spirit 
in shedding new light on Scripture. The Day- 
ton Convention reaffirmed this historic posi- 
tion that the Bible, and the Bible alone, is our 
all-sufficient creed and rule of practice. 

With this unchanging creed, each genera- 
tion of Brethren must struggle under the 
Spirit's guidance to discern the meaning of 
Scripture for their life. Such a process has 
several important values: it can give renewed 
purpose and direction to the church; it can 
bring the church to greater unity in thought 
and practice; and it assists the church in de- 
claring its fundamental beliefs to the world. 

This centennial statement, therefore, is not 
meant to be a creed but a milepost in the 
spiritual journey of The Brethren Church. It 
is a testimony of this generation's faith and 

With that beginning, the centennial state- 
ment will go on to outline "The Message of 
Faith" in short paragraphs on The Word, The 
Triune God, The Father, Sin, The Son, Salva- 
tion, The Holy Spirit, The Church, and Last 

Then will follow the second major section, 
"The Life of Faith," with a description oi 
Brethren lifestyle and its approach to the in- 
dividual, the family, the church, and the 
world. This second part on conduct will be 
the work of the task force during 1982-83 
But a tentative preamble to "The Life of 
Faith" is ready for discussion at next month's 
General Conference. That preamble is as fol- 

The Brethren have asserted from their be- 
ginning that it is not enough to hold correct 
doctrinal beliefs. The church is called to dem- 
onstrate visibly the new life which it has re- 
ceived in Christ Jesus. Thus doctrine is no 
mere exercise of the mind but a declaration 
through the entire life that Jesus Christ is 
Lord. For this reason Brethren lifestyle, like 
Brethren belief, centers on Jesus Christ. 

God has made available to us through 
Christ and the Holy Spirit all the resources 

The Brethren Evangelist 

needed to live according to his will. By his life 
Christ exemplified the new life to which we 
are called; by his death he made possible re- 
newed fellowship with the Father; by his 
resurrection he revealed the power that is 
available to us. The Holy Spirit now enables 
us to live as God's children and grow toward 
spiritual maturity. What we are inwardly by 
faith in Christ we are to become outwardly by 
faithfulness to our Lord. 

Discussing such a centennial statement 
with other sisters and brothers in Christ will 

be one of the highlights of the 1982 and 1983 
General Conferences. Brethren have asked 
for it, Brethren are working diligently on it, 
and all Brethren at the Conferences will 
have opportunity to share in it. A hundred 
years of faith and life deserve to be noted in 
a special way. This unique document can de- 
scribe the road the church has traveled, it 
can enrich personal devotion to our Lord, and 
it can point our way together to the future 
God has for us. Come and be a part of it! [t] 

"Peace Pentecost" 

We wish to respond to the article "Peace Pentecost," 
by Mr. Jim Wallis, editor of Sojourners magazine, in 
the May 1982 edition of the Evangelist. In his article, 
Mr. Wallis noted that organized opposition to nuclear 
weapons is growing, particularly within various re- 
ligious groups. He advocated that congregations dedi- 
cate services on Pentecost Sunday to the encourage- 
ment of the anti-nuclear movement. While we pre- 
sume that Mr. Wallis is not affiliated with the Breth- 
ren Church, the presence of his article in the 
Evangelist implies editorial approval of his sugges- 

We strongly protest the publication of Mr. Wallis' 
article in a Brethren Church organ for several 
reasons. First, in the past, the Brethren Church has 
generally had the good sense to refrain from taking 
positions on controversial political topics. A failure to 
continue this policy can only yield unhealthy dissen- 
sion within the denomination. Personally, we hold 
strong political views which we seek to advance. How- 
ever, we seek to do so through political parties and 
lobbying groups. The Brethren Church, at least until 
the present, qualifies as neither. We would hope that 
those of opposing views would respect the same dis- 

Regarding Mr. Wallis' article itself, we object to 
both its tone and content. The insufferable impudence 
of suggesting that the growth of the anti-nuclear 
movement is the product of the intervention of the 
Holy Spirit is beneath both contempt and comment. 
Turning to the substance of the article, we cannot 
agree that the admittedly rapid growth of the move- 
ment constitutes anything worthy of praise. Most cer- 
tainly, it could pose, as Mr. Wallis notes "a powerful 
political challenge to current government policies." 
Unfortunately, the only significant effect of such a 

challenge would be to convince the leadership of the 
Soviet Union that the West possesses even less will to 
defend itself than they no doubt already assume. Bois- 
terous domestic challenges to U.S. policies at a time 
when the President is embarking upon delicate arms 
talks with the Soviets will not serve to further those 

We would take no pleasure in an accelerating arms 
race, nuclear or conventional. However, in a world 
fraught with the potential for conflict ranging from in- 
dividual acts of terrorism to thermonuclear war, we 
believe that the maintenance of a potent military 
capability by the noncommunist world is the best in- 
surance for peace. There are no simple answers to the 
monumental questions involved in the prevention of 
war. Even if all nuclear weapons should suddenly 
disappear, we would be left with the Soviet Union 
with a vast superiority over the United States in con- 
ventional forces, a situation laden with explosive 

In conclusion, given the absense of clearcut solu- 
tions to the issue of how to advance the cause of peace, 
we encourage the Evangelist and the Brethren Church 
to refrain from advocacy of political action. To do 
otherwise could only lead to polarization along politi- 
cal lines of a people who should remain united in 

David and Timothy Watkins 
Louisville, Ohio 

It is not entirely correct to state that the Brethren 
Church has refrained from taking positions on contro- 
versial political issues. In recent years, General Confer- 
ence has issued statements on homosexuality and abor- 
tion, both of which are political as well as moral issues 
(as is the nuclear arms race). 

Nor does the fact that this article by Mr. Wallis was 
reprinted in the Evangelist indicate full editorial 
approval of all its author's suggestions. The purpose 
in reprinting the article was to inform Brethren of 
what other Christians are doing about an issue that 
is of great importance in our time and to offer Breth 
ren congregations the possibility of becoming involved 
to the degree to which they felt led. Congregations 
that did not feel that they could go to a nuclear arms 
facility to make a witness for peace might at least have 
wanted to join other Christians in praying for peace 
on "Peace Pentecost." Editor 

t ,i 

July 1982 





The 94th General Conference 
of the Brethren Church 

"Members In One Body" will be the 
theme when Brethren people from across 
the nation gather in Ashland, Ohio, 
August 9-13 for the 94th General Confer- 
ence of the Brethren Church. 

This theme, taken from Romans 12:4, 
emphasizes our rich Brethren heritage as 
a community of believers linked together 
for the common cause of Christ. 

Dr. David Augsburger, the main inspi- 
rational speaker, will bring three mes- 
sages on this theme. Because of his back- 
ground and experience (see next page), 
he will provide a valuable resource, as 
Brethren continue to build harmony and 
love throughout the brotherhood. 

For additional information about all 
that is planned for this year's General 
Conference, see the Program Outline 
below and the Conference preview on the 
following several pages. Then plan to be 
in Ashland in August to join other 
"Members In One Body." 

Members In One Body 

Program Outline 


7:00 p.m.— Opening session with Rev. Sanford 
C. Mitchell speaking and featur- 
ing the 1982 Summer Crusaders 
8:00 a.m. — All Conference choir rehearsal 
9:00 a.m. — Inspirational service with Dr. 

David Augsburger speaking 
10:00 a.m.— Moderator's address by Dr. 

Frederick J. Finks 
10:30 a.m. — First business session 
1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary sessions 
3:00 p.m. — Discipleship Models 
4:00 p.m. — Workshops 
7:00 p.m.— Board of Christian Education 
service including the BYC 
Moderator's address by Gregg 
8:00 a.m. — All Conference choir rehearsal 
9:00 a.m.^nspirational service with Dr. 

David Augsburger speaking 
10:00 a.m. — Second business session 
12:00 noon — Missionary Board luncheon 
1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary sessions 
3:00 p.m.— WMS public service with Mrs. 

Cheri Decker speaking 
4:00 p.m. — Workshops 


7:00 p.m.— Ashland College and Seminary 
service, "A Time of Opportunity 
8:00 a.m. — Conference committee meetings 
9:00 a.m.— Inspirational service with Dr. 

David Augsburger speaking 
10:00 a.m. — Third business session 
12:00 noon — WMS luncheon 
1:30 p.m. — Auxiliaries 
3:00 p.m.— Laymen's public service with Mr 

James Menninger speaking 
4:00 p.m. — Workshops 
7:00 p.m.— Missionary Board service with 
Rev. Clarence Stogsdill and Dr. 
J.D. Hamel speaking 
8:00 a.m— Conference committee meetings 
9:00 a.m.— Statement of Faith Task Force 

open meeting 
10:00 a.m. — Fourth business session 
12:00 noon— ABCT luncheon 
1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary sessions 
3:00 p.m. — All Conference choir program 
4:00 p.m.— Children's presentation of 

"Nathaniel the Grublet" 
6:00 p.m.^All Conference Banquet and 
Block Party sponsored by the 
World Relief Board 

The Brethren Evangelis' 

Or. David Augsburger to be 
(Conference inspirational speaker 

Dr. David Augsburger, professor of pas- 
toral care at the Associated Mennonite 
iBiblical Seminaries, Elkhart, Indiana, 
'[will be the main inspirational speaker at 
ithis year's General Conference. He will 
ibring messages on Tuesday, Wednesday, 
jand Thursday mornings, and present 
[workshops on Tuesday and Wednesday 

Dr. Augsburger has been at the As- 
sociated Mennonite Biblical Seminaries 
I since 1978. Prior to that he taught pas- 
jtoral psychology and counseling at North- 
ern Baptist Theological Seminary in Lom- 
bard, Illinois, for four years. He holds 
B.A. and B.D. degrees from Eastern Men- 
nonite College and Seminary, and a Ph.D. 
jin pastoral psychotherapy and family 
therapy from the School of Theology at 
Claremont, California. 

An ordained minister in The Mennon- 
ite Church, Dr. Augsberger served as a 
pastor from 1960 to 1970. From 1966 to 
1974 he was speaker for The Mennonite 
Hour radio program. He is also the author 
of several books, including Cherishable: 
Love and Marriage; Communicating Good 
News; Caring Enough to Confront; and 
Caring Enough to F or givel Caring Enough 
Not to Forgive. 

Titles of Dr. Augsburger's Conference 
messages will be: 

Tuesday — "We Are One: Strangeness 

and Familiarity," Eph. 4:1-25 

Wednesday — "We Are Parts: Variety 
and Similarity," Rom. 12:1-21 

Thursday — "We Are Whole: Not Perfec- 
tion but Completeness," I Cor. 12:4-27 

The topic for his workshops will be 
"Creative Conflict in Congregations." 

Dr. Frederick Finks to moderate 
1982 General Conference 

Dr. Frederick J. Finks will preside over this year's 
Conference as the General Conference Moderator. Dr. 
Finks was, until May 1982, senior pastor of the Wind- 
ing Waters Brethren Church in Elkhart, Indiana. On 
July 1 he enters a new position as vice-president of 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Finks became pastor of the Winding Waters 
Church in 1972. Under his leadership, membership in 
the congregation quadrupled. A new sanctuary seating 
approximately 500 was also built. 

A graduate of both Ashland College (B.A. in 1969) 
and Ashland Theological Seminary (M.Div. in 1972), 
Dr. Finks also has a doctor of ministry degree from Ful- 
ler Theological Seminary, which he received in 1980. 

Dr. Finks will present his Moderator's address at ten 
o'clock Tuesday morning, and will preside over the 
daily business sessions. 

r? ^ 




July 1982 





Evening Inspirational Services 




A message by Rev. Sanford C. Mitch- 
ell, presentations by the 1982 Summer 
Crusaders, and organ and piano music by 
Rev. and Mrs. St. Clair Benshoff will be 
featured events of the opening service of 
Conference at seven o'clock on Monday 
evening. Mr. Charles Beekley, Denomi- 
national Administrator for the Brethren 
Church, will preside over the service. 

Rev. Mitchell is pastor of the Trinity 
Lutheran Church of Ashland, Ohio. 
Many Brethren will remember him from 
the 1979 General Conference, when he 
was the main inspirational speaker for 
the week. 

The opening service will also give the 
1982 Summer Crusaders an opportunity 
to tell how God used and blessed them 
during their summer of ministry. This 
will be a somewhat abbreviated version 
of the "Crusader Review," which has 
been one of the popular events of Confer- 
ence during the past several years. 


The inspirational service on Tuesday 
evening of Conference will be sponsored 
by the national Board of Christian Edu- 
cation. BYC Moderator Gregg Brelsford 
will present his Moderator's address dur- 
ing this service. Special music will be 
presented by the Summer Crusader 
music team Rejoice. 

The service will also include devotions 
by Rev. Kenneth Hunn, pastor of the 
Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
and remarks by Dr. Richard Allison, 
chairman of the Board of Christian Edu- 
cation. Mr. Charles Beekley, Director of 
Christian Education, will preside over 
the service. 


"A Time of Opportunity" will be the 
theme of the Ashland College and Semi- 
nary program on Wednesday evening of 
General Conference. The program will 
have a three-part emphasis: "A Time of 
Opportunity — Educational," "A Time of 

Opportunity — Investment," and "A Timei 
of Opportunity — Inspirational." 

Wil Rose of the Heritage Foundation.: 
Dr. Joseph R. Shultz, president of Ash! 
land College and Seminary, James Men! 
ninger, director of religious affairs at 
Ashland College, and Dr. Frederick 
Finks, vice-president of Ashland Theo! 
logical Seminary, will have parts in thej 
service. The program will also feature! 
music by Rev. Ron Williams, an Ashland 
Theological Seminary graduate well- 
known for his excellent piano playing. 


The Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church will be in charge of the inspira- 
tional service on Thursday evening oi 
Conference. The service will feature twc 
Brethren men well-known across the de- 

Rev. Clarence Stogsdill, pastor of the 
First Brethren Church of Tucson. 
Arizona, will be the speaker at the ves- 
per service that will begin the evening 
program. The major address of the eve- 
ning will be brought by Dr. J.D. Hamel, 
senior pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Sarasota, Florida. 

The service will also include mission 
updates by Rev. Virgil Ingraham and 
Rev. James Black. Mr. Thomas Stoffer 
president of the, Missionary Board, will 
preside over the service. 



Concluding this year's Conference 
program will be the All Conference Ban- 
quet and Block Party, sponsored by the 
World Relief Board. This special occasion 
will include good food (not a soup or rice 
supper, says WRB chairman Phi] 
Lersch), John Cassis of the World Reliei 
Corporation office in Wheaton, 111., an 
auction of the WMS Conference quilt, a 
dramatization, a multi-media presenta- 
tion, a refugee family, and audience in- 

It will be a good time with purpose. All 
who attend Conference are encouraged tc 
"Come and Meet Your Neighbors" at this 
concluding event of the 1982 General 

The Brethren Evangelist 

WMS and Laymen's Sessions 

WMS Sessions 

"Members of One Another" will be the 
theme of the Woman's Missionary Soci- 
ety sessions at Conference. The women 
will meet each afternoon from 1:30 to 
2:50 in the Conference meeting room. 

Mrs. Ann DeVeny, wife of Army Chap- 
lain Daniel DeVeny, Ft. Gordon, Geor- 
gia, will be the devotional leader at each 
session. The theme of her devotions will 
be "Members of One Another . . . Moti- 
vated to Action," based on the WMS 
theme text, Romans 12:5. 

The Thank Offering ingathering will 
take place during Wednesday's session 
and the Project Offering will be collected 
during the session on Thursday. 

The WMS Friendship Luncheon will be 
the highlight on Thursday. It will be held 
at noon at the Christ United Methodist 
Church. The women of the Southeast 
District will serve as hostesses. All 
Brethren women at Conference are in- 
vited to attend. 

Laymen's Public Service 

James J. 
director of re- 
ligious affairs 
at Ashland 
College, will 
be the speak- 
er at the Lay- 
men's public 
service on 
Thursday at 
3:00 p.m. 

Mr. Mennin- 
ger has been 
AC director of 
religious affairs since September 1981. 
He is a graduate of Princeton University 
and this June received a master of divin- 
ity degree from Ashland Theological 
Seminary. He will present an inspira- 
tional message related to his work with 
the Ashland College campus ministry. 

Another feature of the Laymen's public 
service will be the second annual presen- 
tation of the Laymen's Outstanding 
Achievement Award. 

WMS Public Service 

Mrs. Cheri 
Decker will be 
the featured 
speaker at the 
WMS public 
service, to be 
held Wednes- 
day afternoon 
at 3 o'clock. 
Mrs. Decker is 
the creator 
of Discovery 
Workshop, a 
national pro- 
gram to help women realize their full po- 
tential through instruction in exercise, 
weight control, and informative topics 
pertinent to women. 

Mrs. Decker lives in Akron, Ohio, with 
her husband, Edward, and their two chil- 
dren, Dawn and Doug. Mr. Decker is 
vice-president for Emerge Ministries, a 
Christian counseling center in Akron. 

Mrs. Decker will speak on a topic re- 
lated to the WMS Conference theme, 
"Members of One Another," from Ro- 
mans 12:5. 

Following the inspirational service, 
Mrs. Decker will present a workshop di- 
rected toward women. Her topic will be 
"God's Beauty Secrets," based on Psalm 
37 and other biblical texts. 

Laymen's Sessions 

Rev. Terry Lodico will present daily 
Bible studies for the Laymen's sessions 
each afternoon of Conference week. Rev. 
Lodico is pastor of the Medina Bible Fel- 
lowship, a new Brethren Church in 
Medina, Ohio, begun in 1978. He will 
speak on the topic "Five Principles for 
Successful Christian Service." 

In addition to hearing Rev. Lodico, the 
Laymen will conduct elections, receive 
reports, hold their annual ingathering, 
and take care of other business. 

Laymen's sessions this year will be 
held in the "Salt Cellar," the Campus 
Christian Center located in the basement 
of the Ashland College chapel. 


July 1982 






Special Conference Events 

^ Discipleship Models 

Discipleship Models is something new 
being added to this year's General Con- 
ference program. The session will be 
similar to the Church Growth Models 
sessions that have been a part of the past 
several Conferences. But Discipleship 
Models will focus on successful disci- 
pleship programs found in Brethren 

Rev. Robert Clough, pastor of the Lin- 
wood, Md., Brethren Church, will chair 
the session, which will be held Tuesday 
afternoon at three o'clock. Presentations 
will be made by Rev. William Anderson, 
pastor of the Northgate Community 
Brethren Church of Manteca, Calif., and 
by Rev. Michael Gleason, pastor of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church of Van- 
dergrift, Pa. 

The Discipleship Models session is 
being sponsored by the Board of Chris- 
tian Education. 

Calling All Quitters 

Plans for the first Brethren heirloom 
quilt are now complete. Many of you 
have been busy in the past couple of 
months embroidering and appliqueing 
squares for this quilt, sponsored by the 
WMS. The pieces are now being put to- 
gether for you to begin stitching. The 
quilt will be set up in the Conference dis- 
play room on Monday of Conference week 
and should be ready for quilters by Mon- 
day evening. 

This is your invitation to bring your 
needle and thimble and sit a spell. Many 
great friendships have been made around 
a quilting frame (not to mention beauti- 
ful quilts). 

The quilt will be auctioned on Friday 
evening at the banquet/block party spon- 
sored by the World Relief Board. If you 
would like to bid on the quilt but abso- 
lutely cannot attend this event or find 
someone else to bid for you, provisions 
can be made for silent bids before the 
auction. All profits will go to World 

Perhaps you are hearing about this 
quilt for the first time, or maybe you 
didn't have time to get your square 




finished by the July 1 deadline. If this is 
the case, bring your finished squares to 
Conference. (See details in the February 
1982 Evangelist [p. 22] or the January- 
February 1982 Outlook.) If there is 
enough interest and enough extra 
squares, we may be able to make a 
second quilt. 

Experienced quilters who could help 
supervise work on the quilt anytime dur- 
ing Conference week are asked to please 
contact Mrs. Ellen Clough, 571 
McKinstry's Mill Rd., Union Bridge, MD 
21791 (phone 301-775-7382). 

— Ellen Clough 

Mission Bd. Luncheon 

The Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church will sponsor a missions luncheon 
at noon on Wednesday during Conference 
week. The luncheon will be served in the 
Redwood Dining Hall on the Ashland 
College campus. 

Stanley Gentle, office manager for the 
Missionary Board, will be master of cere- 
monies for the luncheon. The speaker 
will be Rev. James R. Black, Director of 
Home Missions and Evangelism for the 
Missionary Board. 


A variety of workshops will be avail- 
able at this General Conference. Breth- 
ren will be able to choose those work- 
shops that suit their interests and needs. 

Workshop sessions~will be held Tues- 
day, Wednesday, and Thursday after- 
noons from three to four o'clock. Follow- 
ing is a list of topics that will be pre- 

Creative Conflict in Congregations, 2 

An Organizational Design for Brethren 
Congregations, 3 sessions. 

Refugee Resettlement Sponsorship, 1 

Domestic Disaster Relief, 1 session. 

Disaster Child Care Centers, 1 session. 

Bible study, 3 sessions. 

God's Beauty Secrets, 1 session. 

Pastoral Remuneration, 1 session. 

Young Teen Action, new junior high 
youth curriculum from David C. Cook, 
1 session. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Important Conference Information 


As in past years, Conference housing 
will be available in the Ashland College 
dormitories. One change this year is that 
youth will be staying in a separate youth 

Those who are planning to stay on the 
AC campus (either adults or youth) are 
urged to pre-register, using the form 
printed on the inside of the back cover of 
last month's issue of the Evangelist. You 
will save $5.00 by pre-registering. 

Motor homes, trailers, and campers 
can be accommodated at the Ashland 
County Fairgrounds, two miles south- 
west of Ashland College on Claremont 
Avenue. Electrical hookup is $3.00 per 
night, electric and water, $5.00. 


In order to enhance the appearance of 
the platform at General Conference with 
flowers, Executive Committee is offering 
an opportunity for individuals to make 
memorial contributions to a flower fund. 

Acknowledgment of the gifts will be 
made in the Conference minutes — 
worded in the manner requested by the 

Gifts for the memorial flower fund 
should be sent to FLOWERS, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805, not later 
than August 5, 1982. Checks should be 
made payable to The Brethren Church. 


A nursery for babies through kinder- 
garten will be available at Park Street 
Brethren Church each day, Tuesday 
through Friday, from 7:45 a.m. to 5:00 
p.m. Cost will be 500 per child per hour 
($1.50 per family maximum). 

Children who were in grades one to six 
during the 1981-82 school year may at- 
tend children's sessions sponsored by the 
Board of Christian Education. Sessions 
will be held daily, Tuesday through Fri- 
day, from 8:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m., and 
from 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. at Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

The children will have lessons and ac- 
tivities, and also learn a musical, 

"Nathaniel the Grublet." They will give 
a performance of the musical at four 
o'clock on Friday afternoon for all who 
care to attend. Directing the sessions will 
be Jeff Whiteside, a former elementary 
school teacher who is now a student at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Cost will be $6.00 per child for those 
who pre-register; $7.50 for those who 
register at Conference. To pre-register, 
use the form printed on page 19 of last 
month's issue of the Evangelist. 


Singers attending Conference will 
have the opportunity to be part of a choir 
sponsored by the Conference worship 
committee. The choir will practice on 
Tuesday and Wednesday mornings at 
eight o'clock, and will present a program 
on Friday afternoon at three o'clock. 

The choir will be under the direction of 
Thomas Schiefer, a second-year student 
at Ashland Theological Seminary. Mr. 
Schiefer was a music teacher for two 
years in the Crestline Schools before 
entering the seminary. 

Music for the performance will be 
selections from Hymns Triumphant, ar- 
ranged by Lee Holdridge and published 
by Birdwing/Cherry Land Music Co., Inc. 
In order to know how much music to pur- 
chase, the music committee needs to 
know approximately how many plan to 
be a part of the choir. Therefore, if you 
would like to sing with the group, please 
send a note to that effect giving your 
name, address, home church, and the 
part you sing (soprano, alto, tenor, or 
bass). Send it to: Conference Choir, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Brethren Publishing Company 
annual corporation meeting 

The annual corporation meeting of the 
Brethren Publishing Company will be held 
Thursday, August 12, during the 10:00 
a.m. (EDT) business session of the General 
Conference of the Brethren Church. The 
meeting will be held in the John C. Myers 
Convocation Center, Ashland College, 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Delegates to the General Conference 
constitute the membership of the corpora- 

— W. St. Clair Benshoff, President 


July 1982 







National Youth Convention 

"Called To Give" will be the theme of 
the National BYC Convention, which 
will meet concurrently with General 
Conference in August. The theme is re- 
lated to the General Conference theme, 
"Members In One Body," and is based on 
the same text, Romans 12:4. 

Heading up the BYC Convention will 
be Mr. Gregg Brelsford, the BYC Mod- 
erator. Gregg, who is serving his second 
year as Moderator, will deliver his BYC 
Moderator's address to both youth and 
adults at the Tuesday evening Board of 
Christian Education service, and will 
moderate the BYC business sessions each 

A member of the First Brethren 
Church of Ashland (Park Street), Gregg 
will enter his senior year at the College 
of Wooster this fall. During his two years 
as BYC Moderator, he has visited most of 
the district conferences and in a number 

of local 
thus has 
the denom- 

A variety 
of special 
and activi- 
ties are 
planned for 
the Con- .«• 
vention week. In addition, they will at- 
tend a number of the General Conference 
sessions, including the messages by Dr. 
David Augsburger and the evening inspi- 
rational services. 

BYC Convention Program 

For highlights of this program, see page 2. 


7:00 p.m.— Opening session with Rev. Sanford 
C. Mitchell speaking and featur- 
ing the 1982 Summer Crusaders 

9:00 p.m.— BYC Kickoff 

8:00 a.m. — All Conference choir rehearsal 
9:00 a.m.— Inspirational service with Dr. 

David Augsburger speaking 
10:00 a.m.— General Conference Moderator's 

address by Dr. Frederick J. Finks 
10:30 a.m. — First business session 
1:30 p.m.— Brotherhood and Sisterhood 

3:00 p.m. — Workshops for youth 
4:00 p.m. — BYC Quiz Competition 
7:00 p.m.— Board of Christian Education 

service including the BYC 

Moderator's address by Gregg 

9:00 p.m. — Square dance 
8:00 a.m. — All Conference choir rehearsal 
9:00 a.m.— Inspirational service with Dr. 

David Augsburger speaking 
10:00 a.m. — Second business session 
1:30 p.m.— Brotherhood and Sisterhood 


3:00 p.m. — Workshops for youth 

4:00 p.m. — BYC Quiz Competition 

7:00 p.m. — Ashland College and Seminary 

service, "A Time of Opportunity" 
9:00 p.m. — Youth Communion 
8:00 a.m.— BYC Quiz Competition 
9:00 a.m. — Inspirational service with Dr. 

David Augsburger speaking 
10:00 a.m. — Third business session 
1:30 p.m.— Brotherhood and Sisterhood 

3:00 p.m. — Workshops for youth 
4:00 p.m. — BYC Quiz Competition 
7:00 p.m.— Missionary Board service with 

Rev. Clarence Stogsdill and Dr. 

J.D. Hamel speaking 

-Danny Korem 

9:00 p. 

8:00 a. 

9:00 a. 

10:00 a. 

1:30 p. 



m — BYC Quiz Competition 
m. — Amy Grant film 
m. — Fourth business session 
m.— Brotherhood and Sisterhood 

3:00 p.m. — All Conference choir program 
4:00 p.m.— BYC Quiz Competition 
6:00 p.m.^All Conference Banquet and 
Block Party sponsored by the 
World Relief Board 

The Brethren Evangelist 


m • • cct~ C?z* e^ft/ Cohfete nee. 

August 10 - 13 Ashland, Ohio 


Doug and Julie Chismar (Mansfield, Ohio) 
-Spon&ohA oft a Jizfiug&z {amily 
— Vh.oheAi>o?i at Mhland Theological Stmlna/iy 




Chanthone Kounthapanya (Columbus, Ohio) 
—VlfutctoK oh Ohio WRC o{{lc<i 
--Bo An in Lod6 

THURSDAY (4:00) 

Learn first hand the ingredients of refugee sponsorship. 


R. Jan and Roma Jo Thompson (New Windsor, Maryland) 

--Vii>at>teA CoofidinatoiA 

- -Experienced in the neecU>, training ph.oczduh.QA, 
organization oh mnk caqjm, benehitA, and reAultA oh 
oh&ering aid faolZowing hunntcaneA , tohnadoA, h^- 00 ^ 
[Johnstown, ft. Wayne] , hVite, etc. here in U.S. 



R. Jan and Roma Jo Thompson (New Windsor, Maryland) 

—Child Care Virecton, 

--You could give valuable. "tender care" and com^ont to in a special ccntex following the trauma 
o^ a diAaiter. Come and learn what it> involved. 

August 15 — Friday — 6:00 — Convocation Center 

"Come and Meet Your Neighbors" 



J OHN CASSIS -- from WRC office 
mm*m—m , ™ j n wheaton 


x *°°' 

b"" so' 1 ". 

ft' II 





news from the Brethren Church 

Keith Hensley ordained June 6 
at Park Street Church 

Ashland, Ohio — R. Keith Hensley 
was ordained an elder in the 
Brethren Church on Sunday after- 
noon, June 6, 1982. The service of 
ordination was held at the First 
Brethren Church of Ashland (Park 
Street), where Keith served as youth 
pastor for the past two years. 

The ordination message was de- 
livered by Rev. Arden Gilmer, pas- 
tor of the Ashland First Brethren 
Church. Special music was pre- 
sented by Elaine Hensley, Keith's 
sister, accompanied by Deb 
Michael. Joan Ronk played the 
organ for the service. 

Others participating in the ser- 
vice were Dr. Jerry Flora, Dr. 
John Shultz, Rev. Richard Win- 
field, Dr. Charles Munson, and Dr. 
Fred Burkey. 

Of special note about the service 
were the printed programs. Each 
program featured on its cover one 
of three scenes designed by Keith's 
mother especially for her son's or- 

Rev. and 
Mrs. Keith 
Hensley (cen- 
ter), with 
Keith's sister, 
Elaine (left), 
who sang for 
the ordination 
service, and 
Deb Michael 
(right), who ac- 
companied her. 

Keith Hensley was born in Har- 
risonburg, Virginia, on January 
10, 1956, the son of Raymond and 
Peggy Hensley. He has one sister, 

He grew up in the Shenandoah 
Valley, near Penn Laird, Virginia, 
where he attended the Mt. Olive 
Brethren Church. He accepted the 
Lord as his Savior while Dr. John 
Locke was pastor of this congrega- 

Evie Rix chosen Mother of the Year 
by West Alexandria Church 

West Alexandria, Ohio — Mrs. 
Evie Rix was honored as Mother of 
the Year by the First Brethren 
Church of West Alexandria on 
Mother's Day, May 9. 

Mrs. Rix is the mother of three 
children, Tony (15), Jenny (13), 
and Robin (11). All three children 
are members of the First Brethren 
Church and are involved in the 
church's youth groups. 

Mrs. Rix sings in the First 
Brethren choir, helps with the 
youth groups, and coaches the 
women's softball team during the 
summer. She also made the cos- 
tumes for the church's Christmas 
and Easter plays this past year. 

West Alexandria pastor, Rev. 
Charles Ankney, presents Mrs. 
Rix an engraved plaque in recog- 
nition of her choice as 1982 
Mother of the Year. 

tion. Later, during the pastorate of 
Rev. Marlin McCann, Keith began 
to experience a call to serve the 
Lord. From that time doors of 
service began opening for him, in- 
cluding the opportunity to sing in 
three separate gospel quartets on 
a semi-professional basis. 

Following graduation from 
Montevideo High School (Penn 
Laird, Va.) in 1974, Keith at- 
tended Eastern Mennonite College 
for two years. He then completed 
his bachelor's degree at James 
Madison University, graduating in 

It was during his senior year at 
James Madison, while working at 
a radio station, that Keith met 
Teresa Snarr. Keith moved to Ash- 
land, Ohio, in January 1980 to 
begin his seminary training at 
Ashland Theological Seminary, 
and he and Teresa were married 
eight months later, on August 23, 
1980. Keith received the master of 
divinity degree from ATS on June 
5, 1982, the day before his ordi- 

In July, Rev. and Mrs. Hensley 
will be moving to Catawba 
County, North Carolina, to begin a 
new Brethren home mission 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Four Brethren men receive degrees 
from Ashland Theological Seminary 

Ashland, Ohio — Four Brethren 
men were among the 95 students 
who received degrees from Ash- 
land Theological Seminary at 
graduation ceremonies held Satur- 
day, June 5. 

Dr. Bruce J. Nicholls, executive 
secretary of the Theological Com- 
mission of the World Evangelical 
Fellowship, was the speaker for 
the commencement ceremony. 

The four Brethren men receiv- 
ing degrees were as follows: 

Jack L. Oxenrider was 
awarded the doctor of ministry 
degree. Dr. Oxenrider is senior 
pastor of the Jefferson Brethren 
Church, Goshen, Ind., where he 
has served for the past eight years. 
Dr. Oxenrider also holds a master 

Jack L. Oxenrider 

Timothy P. Garner 

Kerry L. Scott 

of divinity degree from the semi- 
nary, which he received in 1973. 

Timothy P. Garner was granted 
the master of divinity degree. Mr. 
Garner is from North Manchester, 
Ind., where he is a member of the 

Jean Lersch shares in leadership 
of ecumenical peace service 

St. Petersburg, Fla. — Mrs. Jean 
Lersch of Brethren House Minis- 
tries was one of the nine leaders of 
an ecumenical worship service 
held as a witness for peace on May 
30. The service was conducted in 
the St. Peter's Episcopal Cathedral 
in St. Petersburg and was part of 
the observance of "Peace Pente- 
cost." (For more information on 
"Peace Pentecost" see page 10 of 
the May Evangelist). 

Mrs. Lersch represented the 
peace churches of the St. 
Petersburg area. She presented 
the offertory prayer and, along 
with other persons on the pro- 
gram, made a statement about the 
peace stance of the group she rep- 
resented. Her statement concerned 
the "Inward Journey," and in it 
she quoted Psalm 131. 

Approximately 1,000 people at- 
tended the service. A 120-voice 
choir from four churches provided 
the special music. Other leaders of 
the worship service included cler- 
gymen and church executives from 
the St. Petersburg area. 

Mrs. Lersch has a strong in- 

JULY 1982 

terest in peacemaking and is co- 
ordinator of a coalition of Chris- 
tians known as the Tampa Bay 

Eleven Brethren among 
Ashland College graduates 

Ashland, Ohio — A total of 429 
persons received degrees from 
Ashland College at ceremonies 
held Saturday, May 15. 

Among the 429 graduates were 
the following Brethren students. 

Wava Marie Harris Amstutz, a 
member of the Smithville Breth- 
ren Church, who was awarded the 
master of education degree. 

James R. Amstutz, a member of 
the Smithville Brethren Church 
(son of Mrs. Wava Amstutz). He 
was graduated summa cum laude. 

Evan M. Bridenstine, a member 
of the Smithville Brethren 
Church. He was graduated magna 
cum laude. 

Gwen E. Holsinger, a member of 
the Ashland First Brethren 
Church (Park Street). She was 
graduated magna cum laude. 

First Brethren Church. On June 
28 he became full-time pastor of 
the Walcrest Brethren Church of 
Mansfield, Ohio, where he had 
served part-time since January. 

Kerry L. Scott was awarded 
the master of divinity degree. Mr. 
Scott is from Winona Lake, Ind., 
where he is a member of the War- 
saw First Brethren Church. Fol- 
lowing graduation, he became as- 
sociate pastor of the Jefferson 
Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind. 

R. Keith Hensley received the 
master of divinity degree. (For ad- 
ditional information about Mr. 
Hensley, see the article about his 
ordination on the opposite page.) 

Timothy R. Morris, a member of 
the Columbus First Brethren 

David L. Stone, a member of the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church. 
He was graduated magna cum 

Beth Anne Wells McPherson, a 
member of the Ashland First 
Brethren Church (Park Street). 

Jon D. Shultz, a member of the 
Ashland First Brethren Church 
(Park Street). 

Barbara A. French, a member of 
the West Alexandria First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Kimberly S. Holmes, a member 
of the Ashland First Brethren 
Church (Park Street). 

Sandi Smithhisler Rowsey, a 
member of the St. James, Mary- 
land, Brethren Church. 



National Woman's Missionary Society 
publishing devotional calendar 

Ashland, Ohio — The National 
Woman's Missionary Society is 
publishing a devotional calendar 
again this year, according to an 
announcement by Judi Gentle, 
WMS vice-president. This calen- 
dar will cover a sixteen-month 
period from September 1982 
through December 1983. 

The calendar's theme, ". . . one 
another," will focus on passages 
from Scripture that instruct Chris- 
tians to care for and help one 
another. The purpose of the calen- 
dar is to encourage individuals to 
be aware of their responsibilities 
to those around them. 

Each month will feature a ". . . 
one another" Scripture passage 
printed in calligraphy and suitable 
for framing. A short thought based 
on that month's passage will be 
presented, followed by practical 

Sunday School 
Order Time 

Your Sunday School 
order for next quarter is 
due the 15th of this 

Make your final selection 
now, and send your order 

Brethren Publishing Co. 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone (419) 289-1708 

Your order through the Bret- 
hren Publishing Company 
helps support the Brethren 

ways for sharing and caring for 
those around us. Prayer sugges- 
tions will also be included em- 
phasizing both individual needs 
and the needs of missions. The 
calendar portion will include 
weekly Bible readings, short 
quips, and suggested activities. 

Writers for this year's calendar 
are Mrs. Julie Flora, Mrs. Judi 
Gentle, Mrs. Trudy Kerner, Mrs. 

Ida Lindower, and Mrs. Norma 
Waters. Miss Margaret Ronk will 
do the calligraphy. Calendars will 
be available August 1 and at Gen- 
eral Conference. 

Though published by the WMS 
the calendars are not only for 
WMS women. They will be an ex- 
cellent aid for all who desire to be 
stretched and used to touch the 
lives of those around them. 

Church of the Brethren volunteers 
commended for help at Ft Wayne 

Ft. Wayne, Ind. — During and fol- 
lowing the Ft. Wayne flood, 354 
Church of the Brethren volunteers 
worked a total of 550 days caring 
for victims' children and helping 
to remodel and rebuild. Many 
others helped with sandbagging 
and in the shelters. 

The American Red Cross direc- 
tor on that project offered this 
commendation to Jan Thompson, 
Church of the Brethren Disaster 
Coordinator: "Just a note to ex- 
press my appreciation for the as- 
sistance the Church of the Breth- 
ren is providing the Red Cross 
during relief efforts in Northern 
Indiana. The cooperation that I ob- 
served between our two organiza- 
tions in the delivery of service was 
as close to utopia as you and I can 
hope to accomplish. 

"The Church of the Brethren 
volunteers made life in the shelter 
much more pleasant for the chil- 
dren. I am sure that the visitors to 
the disaster centers were able to 

relax and take care of their affairs 
knowing that their children were 
in the care of the Church of the 
Brethren volunteers. Also, many 
people have been able to return to 
their homes due to the combined 
efforts of our two organizations. 

"Jan, our work in disaster relief 
is so much easier with the Church 
of the Brethren there by 


This report was relayed to the 
Evangelist by Phil Lersch, Breth- 
ren World Relief Board chairman. 
Members of Brethren churches in- 
terested in being a part of such 
domestic relief efforts in the future 
should notify their pastors or write 
to Rev. Lersch for information 
(6301 56th Ave. N., St. Peters- 
burg, FL 33709). 

' Jan Thompson will lead two 
workshops at General Conference, 
providing first-hand information 
about Domestic Disaster Relief 
needs and procedures. 

Rev. Kenneth Solomon recovering well 
after open-heart surgery 

Sarasota, Fla. — Rev. Kenneth 
Solomon had open-heart surgery 
with four by-passes on June 10. He 
returned to his home in Sarasota 
on June 18 and is progressing very 
satisfactorily. He hopes to resume 
his Hispanic ministry with the 
Sarasota Brethren Church soon. 


The Solomons extend their ap- 
preciation to Brethren throughout 
the brotherhood for their cards 
and letters, which have come to 
them during this time of crisis. 
The many prayers offered on their 
behalf have been of great encour- 
agement and blessing. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Spring a time of special events 
at Riverside Christian School 

Lost Creek, Ky. — Spring was a 
jipecial time at Riverside Christian 
jPraining School this year. Though 
!;here was a nip in the air, stu- 
dents and staff felt God's warmth 
in their hearts as He brought sev- 
eral special groups to the campus. 
| Pastor Bill Brady and his family 
(rom the North Liberty, Indiana, 
(?irst Brethren Church, were the 
first to arrive. They shared God's 
message and love with the River- 
side students March 24-26. Mrs. 
Brady led the music and Pastor 
3rady presented his personal tes- 
timony, stirring many hearts. The 
staff were also blessed by a special 
faster Communion service led by 
Pastor Brady. 

From April 1-3 the youth group 
rom the North Manchester, In- 
diana, First Brethren Church vis- 
aed the Riverside campus. They 
attended classes, assisted the 
elementary teachers, and led in a 
:hapel service. 

The mountaintop experience of 
the spring was spiritual emphasis 
week at Riverside, April 26-30. 
During this special week the Sing- 
ing Thomas Family (Rev. and Mrs. 

While visiting Riverside Christian School, the youth group from the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church led one of the school's 
chapel services. 

Carl Thomas and Rev. and Mrs. 
Rodney Thomas) was on campus to 
share in various school activities. 
While at the school, they also sang 
on the local (Jackson) radio sta- 

The highlight of their presence 
were the chapel services, during 
which they shared the light of 
Jesus and the love of God. At the 
conclusion of the final chapel serv- 
ice of the week, an altar call was 

given and twelve high school and 
elementary students gave their 
lives to the Lord Jesus Christ. 

In reviewing the spring's special 
events, Riverside staff member 
Kathy Keck commented, "The 
staff at Riverside is praising God 
for the privilege of being His wit- 
nesses here in the Appalachian 
Mountains. We thank the Lord for 
sending His special workers to 
help lift up His name." 

North Manchester, Ind. — Couples from the North Manchester First Brethren Church who have been 
married 50 years or more were honored Sunday, April 25, during the morning worship service. 
Special music and a message by Pastor Woodrow Immel emphasized the love which the members of the 
congregation have for their senior citizens. 

Pictured above are (from left to right) Mrs. Harry Mishler (standing), whose husband is confined to 
nursing care at Timbercrest Home; Mrs. Ray Felgar (seated), whose husband is homebound; Mr. and 
Mrs. Arthur Boyer; Mr. and Mrs. Jack Hoover; Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Conrad; Mr. and Mrs. Dorsey 
Brandenburg; Mr. and Mrs. Garl Wiley; Mr. and Mrs. Oren Leedy; Mr. and Mrs. Ellis Angle; Mr. and 
Mrs. Harold Jackson; Mr. and Mrs. Russell Amberg; and Mr. and Mrs. Duard Conrad. Absent from 
the service because of poor health were Mr. and Mrs. Harry Leffel. 

July 1982 



In Memory 

Frances Bozarth, 63, June 3. Member for 25 years of 
the New Lebanon Brethren Church. Services by 
Donald E. Rowser, pastor, and Lynn W. Mercer, assis- 
tant pastor. 

Bess Erlsten, 93, June 1. Member since 1904 of the 
Bryan First Brethren Church. She donated the land 
for the present church building. Services by Marlin L. 
McCann, pastor. 

Mary F. Kingery, 86, May 31. Member of the Flora 
First Brethren Church. Services by Alvin Grumbling, 

Gaylord Isaacs, 90, May 26. Member of the Flora 
First Brethren Church. Services by Alvin Grumbling, 

Byrll (B.F.) Chapman, 93, May 21. Member of the 
Flora First Brethren Church. Services by Alvin 
Grumbling, pastor. 

Mary A. Ford, 75, April 13, 1982. Member of the 
Vinco Brethren Church. Services by Carl H. Phillips, 


Midge Webb to Russ Oberlin, June 27, at the Louis- 
ville First Brethren Church; John Brownsberger, pas- 
tor, officiating. Members of the Louisville First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Carol Johnson to Herbert Bintz Kohler, June 26, 
at the Louisville First Brethren Church; John 
Brownsberger, pastor, officiating. Members of the 
Louisville First Brethren Church. 
Kris Blaisdell to Roger McKelvey, June 4, at the 
Bryan First Brethren Church; Marlin L. McCann, pas- 
tor, officiating. Bride a member of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church. 

Toni Logsdon to Joseph A. Dunn, May 22. Groom a 
member of the Loree Brethren Church. 
Denise Podrasky to Jeff Hagerich, May 8, at the 
Vinco Brethren Church; Carl H. Phillips, pastor, of- 
ficiating. Groom a member of the Vinco Brethren 


Mr. and Mrs. Don Leckey, 55th, June 21. Members 
of the Vinco Brethren Church. 

Kermit and Emma Hoard, 52nd, June 18. Members 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. George A. Leidy, 59th, June 12. Mem- 
bers of the Vinco Brethren Church. 
George and Wilma Bunn, 53rd, June 7. Members of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
J.C. and Bessie Yunker, 56th, May 25. Active for 
many years in the Flora First Brethren Church. 

Ora and Pearl Stahl, 66th, May 16. Members of the 
Valley Brethren Church. 



Nigerian Pastor Dies 

Word has 
come of the 
death of Pastor 
Daniel Kwaha 
at Lassa Hospi- 
tal, Nigeria, on 
April 30, 1982, 
following a 

short illness. 

Pastor Daniel 
will be remem- 
bered as one of 
the first Higi 
evangelists who, 
with a few 
others, opened 
up the Higi 
tribe to the gos- XJ * 
pel. From these 
beginnings in 
1957, the church among the Higi people multiplied 1 
the extent that it now includes more than 12,000 be 
lievers. Daniel was the first Higi man to become ai 
ordained pastor, and he was given oversight of th 
Mbororo Church and its network of outlying villag 
preaching points. 

Pastor Daniel worked closely with several of ou 
Brethren missionary families: the Robert Bischofs 
who pioneered missionary work in the Higi hill coun 
try; the Charles Krafts, who joined the Bischofs a 
Mbororo; and later with the Larry Bolingers, wffl 
were the last missionaries to be stationed in that area 

This man of God was known for his devotion t 
preaching the gospel and his love for the church. 1 
victim of leprosy, he was converted to Christ while un 
dergoing treatment at the Garkida leprosarium. 

Following his release after the disease was arrested 
he returned to his people, bearing an eloquent witnes 
to new life in Jesus Christ. His ministry was evei 
more noteworthy in that he served the Lord in spite o 
the handicap of a foot without toes, a locked ankle 
and stubby claws for fingers on his right hand. He be 
came a familiar figure throughout the Higi area, rid 
ing on a donkey when possible, or else hobbling pain 
fully up and down the rugged Higi hill-country oi 

Pastor Daniel served the Lord both faithfully an< 
well. He was an overcomer and therefore an encour 
agement to others with handicaps to serve God. Mos 
of all, he was a man through whom the Lord Jesui 
called others to Himself. We are thankful for having 
known this simple man whose life was a fragrant in 
cense to the Lord. 

— M. Virgil Ingraharr 

Membership Growth 

Pleasant View: 6 by baptism 

The Brethren Evangelisi 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shiffleti 

The Alcohol Problem 

DRUNKEN driving is "America's No. 

Menace," according to Joan 
}laybrook, head of the National Highway 
([Yaffle Safety Administration. "About one- 
|ialf of all fatal highway crashes in this coun- 
try involve alcohol," says Miss Claybrook. 
j^ast year nearly 26,000 people lost their 
ives on our nation's highways due to alcohol. 

If Moses were receiving the Ten Com- 
nandments today, he'd probably ask God to 
jidd an eleventh — "Thou shalt not drink and 
Irive." Actually, we don't need such a com- 
jnandment since its intent is included in the 
iiixth one — "Thou shalt not kill." For a drunk 
to get behind the wheel is to convert the 
[uitomobile into a deadly weapon. 

Presently there are over 11,000,000 al- 
coholics in this country. Nearly 200,000 
jleaths last year were attributable to alcohol, 
fhese are frightening statistics. One might 
Ihink that alcohol would be banned from 
ise — for the public good. Or at least that it 
would be labeled in bright red: "Alcoholic 
contents may be hazardous to your health." 

That brings me to a burning question: 
Why does the federal government use its far- 
"eaching powers to protect us from all kinds 
)f products while doing nothing to protect us 
irom the dangers and deception of alcohol? 

In January 1980 the federal government 
:old the public schools of America that they 
:ould no longer sell candy bars, gum drops, 
snow cones, licorice, and chewing gum in 
:heir cafeterias. Why? Because Congress was 
concerned about what children put into their 
stomachs. They want children to have nutri- 
tional meals, not junk food. 

But has the government ever sought to 
3an the alcohol industry that spent $310 mil- 
lion last year in advertising, then claimed it 
as a tax deduction? How can the government 
continue to ignore the fact that drunken 
drivers killed 26,000 people last year? 

About a year ago the Federal Trade Com- 
mission announced that it was forcing Lis- 
terine to correct its deceptive advertising, at 
a cost of ten million dollars. The FTC 

claimed that Listerine had lied to the con- 
sumer by saying that Listerine kills germs 
by the millions and helps prevent colds and 
sore throats. 

As far as I know, no one ever gargled with 
Listerine, or drank it (horrors), then went 
out on the highway and killed someone. Lis- 
terine never broke up any marriages. Yet the 
government decided to punish Listerine for 
deceptive advertising. 

Doesn't the alcohol industry use deceptive 
advertising? Their colorful full-page ads, 
placed only in the best slick magazines, 
claim that drinkers have more gusto, live 
more graciously, are more sophisticated, 
have more sex appeal, and are more macho. 
Now if that isn't deceptive advertising, I will 
not only gargle, but drink my Listerine! 

My point is this: On October 27, 1972, Con- 
gress established the Consumer Product 
Safety Commission. This commission is to 
"protect the public against unreasonable 
risks of injuries from consumer products, to 
assist consumers to evaluate the comparative 
safety of consumer products, to promote re- 
search and investigation into the causes and 
prevention of product-related deaths, illness, 
and injuries." 

Yet last year industry paid a staggering 
$43 billion dollars for lost job time, decreased 
productivity, and health care, all because of 
alcohol. Where was the Consumer Product 
Safety Commission then? 

One final point. In light of the fact that 
26,000 people died on our public highways 
last year because of alcohol, isn't it time 
someone brought suit against the alcohol in- 
dustry? This industry can no longer claim 
that it is not responsible for its product. It 
must be held accountable, just as Listerine 
was. All those maimed and bereaved sur- 
vivors of accidents involving drunken drivers 
should use the Congressional Act of October 
27, 1972, to call to task the likes of Sea- 
grams, Coors, Schlitz, and the rest for the 
immoral menace they have turned loose on 
our public highways! [f] 

July 1982 


What can you do 
for $2.00 
a week? 

You Can 

See a movie (better go to the matinee!) 
Have a Big Mac and large drink Drive 35 miles 

Read a daily and Sunday newspaper Buy a cup of coffee a day 
Hire the neighbor kid to mow your lawn (if it's a small lawn) 

or . . . 

You can have a part in something of lasting value — something that 
will continue God's work throughout your lifetime and beyond— 
by giving support to the Brethren Publications/Home Missions 
Endowment Fund! 

Watch your mail for 

your opportunity 

to share! 

Brethren Publications/Home Missions 
Endowment Fund 

The Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone (419) 289-1708 

2 S CD 
*? 3 CD 
Cf O cr 

zr zr ar 

CD •"? 


P ef 3 

3 CD 

O T 3C 

3" H- 


W O <-r 

<rr ►— O 

CD •— ' n 

•"S CD t— 

• (W o 






V ^ The Brethren ^ • j 


**J» August 1982 


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U/, ts r 4b 
G °r a 7°M 





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1 c 

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**§<> * 

rmoil and 
Central America 

*'cvi, "a* O ^ 


Young Teen 
kJt Action ^ 

At last — youth materials kids are cheering 
about (and so are their leaders)! 

Young Teen Action is nine months of fun, 
irresistible programs that help young teens 
discover how the Bible practically relates to 
what they think, feel, and do. 

Through games, skits, music, and more, 
junior highs eagerly explore important 
topics, like facing the future with confidence 
. . . how to handle emotions . . . dealing with 

Young Teen Action contains easy-to-use 
materials for an entire school year. Each 

month-long course is broken down into 1-1 V2 
hour weekly sessions and includes a leader's 
guide and supplementary materials such as 
filmstrips, posters, game components, and 
study cards. All programs are tabbed and or 
ganized in a sturdy box for quick and easy 

Excellent for Sunday evening groups, 
weeknight and after-school clubs, weekend 
retreats, summer camp, and Vacation Bible 

I want to have 
youth materials my 
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Send a Young Teen 
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understand that I 
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In its 104th year of ministry 
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published monthly for the Brethren 
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Central America is much in the 
news. But what is this region 
really like? John Maust found out 
when he made a month-long trip 
through Central America last fall. 
See his first-hand report on 
oages 4-6. 

Cover design by Howard Mack 

August 1982 

Vol. 104, No. 8 

August 1982 

4 Turmoil and Hope in Central America 

John Maust found both when he visited the various countries 
of Central America last fall. 

7 "As Their Faith Is, 

So Shall Be Their Outcome" 

Dale R. Stoffer introduces a new Evangelist feature which will 
have as its focus "Learning From Our Heritage." 

8 Sources of Authority — God 

In this first of his series of articles on "Learning From Our 
Heritage," Dale R. Stoffer looks at the importance of our con- 
cept of God to Brethren thought and life. 

10 Stop It! 

Jean and Phil Lersch and Bonnie Munson call upon Brethren 
to oppose the continued buildup of nuclear arms and to wage 
peace using the weapon of love instead. 

12 An Organizational Design for the Brethren Church 
Part III. A Working Brethren Model 

Jack L. Oxenrider presents the organizational structure of the 
Jefferson Brethren Church as a model consistent with the tra- 
dition and polity of the Brethren Church. 

16 Unveiling the Grandeur and 

Complexity of Ancient Jerusalem 

Yigal Shiloh reports on some of the significant archaeological 
discoveries that have been made in Jerusalem in the last few 


15 The Salt Shaker 
18 Update 
23 Letters 

Turmoil and Hope 
in Central America 

by John Maust 


Some friends reacted that way when I 
told them my plans to travel through Central 
America. It's true that many of us think of 
the region as one big war zone and fear that 
a North American is vulnerable to literally 
losing his or her fair-haired head there. 

But really, it's not that extreme. I traveled 
through this Texas-sized region last fall. Life 
goes on — even in the most tense areas. In 
fact, some people felt sorry for me — after I 
told them I lived in the Chicago area: "Is 
that where all the gangsters shoot people?" 
some wondered. 

I wanted to find out several things during 
my month-long trip, which took me through 
Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nica- 
ragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. 

What is life really like in these small, 
sometimes volatile, nations? How are the 
people, and what is their perspective on 
things? And, finally, how are the evangelical 
churches faring? 

I traveled by bus — a line known as Tica 
Bus, which runs between Central American 
capital cities. Despite the delays in border 
crossings, occasional breakdowns, and long 
rides, the bus proved the best way to see 
these countries. I wish I had space to share 
some of the interesting bus conversations I 
had with people ranging from a communist 
lawyer to a schoolteacher soccer fanatic. 

People always asked questions about life 
in the U.S.: Are people very rich? Why 
doesn't President Reagan do something to 
stop the communists in Latin America? Or 
the opposite, Why doesn't President Reagan 
stay out of Latin America? 

Just as I couldn't give them a true picture 

John Maust is a free-lance writer, originally 
from Nappanee, Indiana, where he was a member 
of the First Brethren Church. For three years he 
served as assistant news editor for Christianity 
Today magazine, but left the magazine last year to 
write and explore other career possibilities. 

of the United States in a brief conversation, 
they probably couldn't provide me a 100-per- 
cent accurate account of the Central Ameri- 
can situation. I certainly don't consider my- 
self a Latin American expert after a short 
trip and a bit of reading. But at least I can 
share with you some of my impressions re- 
garding my questions about Central America 
that I mentioned above. 

I first came to realize that while the Cen- 
tral American nations are connected in a 
narrow strip of land, each country is indi- 
vidually distinct. The most industrially ad- 
vanced is Guatemala, but it is crippled by 
terrorism, particularly in rural areas having 
a large Indian population. (Nearly 60 percent 
of Guatemalans are of Indian descent.) El 
Salvador, of course, is ravaged by civil war. 
Nicaragua is ruled by a junta, which recently 
announced itself Marxist-Leninist and dis- 
plays a heavy Cuban influence. Honduras, 
surrounded by these nations in turmoil, re- 
mains in peace. But it is the poorest country 
in the region, with the annual per capita in- 
come averaging less than $400 U.S. Costa 
Rica offers the truest democracy and a high 

" 4 M 

Last year the author (left) studied briefly at the 
Spanish Language Institute in San Jose, Costa 
Rica. There he met Brethren missionaries Bob and 
Juanita Dillard, who also were in language train- 
ing at the time. The Dillards are now serving in 
Medellin, Colombia. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

cultural level, but it is threatened by an 
economic collapse. (Panama and Belize won't 
be covered by this discussion.) 

The area has always suffered from intense 
poverty. While the 20th century brought in- 
creased wealth from banana and coffee ex- 
ports and some new industry, that wealth for 
the most part still hasn't spread downward to 
form a large middle class such as we have in 
the U.S. The landless classes have lacked 
education: except in Costa Rica, literacy 
rates are low — hovering around 50 percent in 
Guatemala and Honduras, for instance. 

People want solutions 

When people are without and wanting, 
they are more susceptible to groups who 
shout about the problems but don't offer 
valid solutions. This might explain the influ- 
ence of leftist guerrillas in the rural areas. 

All workers with Wycliffe Bible Trans- 
lators in Guatemala recently moved from the 
country to the capital city. Many had re- 
ceived numerous threats from guerrilla 
groups. One missionary said, "They (the 
guerrillas) didn't want anyone around who 
might hinder their controlling the minds of 
the campesinos ." 

Violence is prevalent in many areas. I'll 
never forget reading the daily newspapers in 
El Salvador and Guatemala, where reports of 
the previous day's killings and "disappear- 
ances" filled the pages. It's difficult to know 
who is at fault — right wing or leftist groups, 
or just plain thugs. But people are being 
killed in these two countries by groups on all 
sides, and this must stop.* 

I had only one narrow scrape. This oc- 
curred in downtown San Salvador, where a 
passing motorcyclist started a gun battle 
with soldiers on the street corner by my 
hotel. Do you know how fast a grown adult 
can crawl on his hands and knees when it 
comes to dodging bullets? I quickly learned! 

Despite the violence in many areas, people 
seemed determined to carry through with life 
and business as usual. Even in San Salvador, 
where the empty tourist markets and heavily 
guarded and sandbagged U.S. embassy tes- 
tify to the problems, a continuing hustle and 
bustle hides the fact there is such turmoil. 

I found the Central Americans very gener- 

* Since my trip to Guatemala, a bloodless mili- 
tary coup brought to power a born-again Chris- 
tian, Gen. Efrain Rios Montt. He has pledged to 
bring reconciliation, and news accounts say that 
already the army atrocities against peasants have 
decreased miraculously. 

August 1982 

Burned-out tanks in downtown Managua are a 
stark reminder of the violence so prevalent in many 
parts of Central America. The 1978-79 Nicaraguan 
revolution left an estimated 40,000 casualties. 

ous, hospitable, and people-oriented. A Costa 
Rican brick mason invited me to a meal, and 
later I discovered the cost was more than a 
day's wage for him. In Nicaragua, despite 
government propaganda that is anti-U.S., 
people treated me very warmly: When I 
asked directions, often they not only told me 
the way, but went along to show me. 

But the tensions many Central Americans 
feel lie just beneath the surface. Some 
Nicaraguans, for instance, said they had felt 
hopeful after the 1978-79 Sandinista revolu- 
tion toppled the corrupt Somoza regime. Yet 
now, with personal speech and business free- 
doms being squeezed, people are scared. A 
desk clerk opened his palm and slowly closed 
it to a fist to describe the government's man- 
ner of operating. 

Churches are growing 

Many observers attribute the spectacular 
growth in Central America's evangelical 
churches to the uncertainty. A recent survey 
showed a doubling and tripling of a Central 
American nation's evangelical constituencies 
during the last decade. 

Evangelical churches are packed in El Sal- 
vador: those affiliated with the Central 
American Mission reported last year a one- 
year growth of 30 percent, compared to only 
4 percent the year before. 

Guatemala's evangelicals form an esti- 
mated 21 percent of the population. Organiz- 
ers of this year's celebration marking the 
100th year of evangelical work there say 
that figure could rise to 50 percent in three 
years. "Guatemala may become a model to 
the world for how God can change an entire 
nation through His church," said leader Galo 

In Honduras, evangelical pastors recently 
(continued on next page) 

The author found the Central Americans to be 
very friendly and hospitable. This Nicaraguan 
lady invited him to try one of her corn tortillas, or 

formed an association, AMEN, which was 
planning a nationwide evangelistic push 
with stadium rallies, door-to-door visitation, 
and literature distribution. AMEN President 
Enrique Pehalva said that Hondurans feel 
"fear, doubt, and nervousness" because of the 
turmoil surrounding their nation. As a re- 
sult, they are receptive to the gospel, he said. 
Pehalva and other evangelical leaders said 
now is the time to evangelize. Others, such 
as well-known theologian Emilio Nunez in 
Guatemala, urged a discipling of the new be- 
lievers so they wouldn't fall away when the 
hoped and prayed-for tranquillity returns to 
the troubled areas. 

Challenges facing churches 

The evangelical churches face several chal- 
lenges. In Guatemala, rural pastors often 
bear a ton of pressure: they want to remain 
politically neutral, but both right wing and 
left wing roughnecks demand pulpit support 
and threaten personal harm to the pastor if 
he doesn't give it. During the Nicaraguan re- 
volution, many pastors had to answer Chris- 
tian young people's question, "Is it all right 
for me to run to the mountains and join the 

Liberation theology eventually may pose a 
greater problem, although most Central 
American believers have never heard the 
term and are very conservative theologically. 
(An estimated 75 percent of Latin American 
Protestants are Pentecostals.) 

Church-mission tensions sometimes erupt. 
In Costa Rica, Baptists split over the matter 
of affiliation with North American Baptists. 

On the other hand, one missionary in 
Guatemala marveled at the level of indi- 
vidual commitment in the evangelical 
churches. Indeed, Central American evangel- 

icals seem to place a greater emphasis on 
prayer than we do. They do evangelism as an 
act of scriptural obedience, not only when 
they feel "spiritual" or have a structured out- 
reach program. Open-air preaching is very 

In a beat-up building in the Honduran cap- 
ital of Tegucigalpa, one tiny group shows 
free nightly Christian movies. There is an 
evangelistic message afterwards. The leaders 
at Noah's Ark, as it is called, certainly 
weren't polished or showy. But as I saw, 
people are saved because of this day-in, day- 
out, dedication. 

Outlook for missionaries 

Missionaries face an uncertain future in 
Central America: most North American 
workers have left El Salvador because of the 
violence. However, there still is a need — par- 
ticularly in the areas of theological educa- 
tion, Bible translation in Indian dialects, and 
certain technical skills. 

World Relief heads the relief effort to Mis- 
quito Indian refugees who have fled from 
Nicaragua to Honduras. World Vision helps 
with the some 45,000 Salvadoran refugees in 

While in Central America, I particularly 
enjoyed the chance to share my faith in infor- 
mal conversations. Most often I found myself 
talking with Roman Catholics, theirs being 
the predominant religion in Central 

One "cultural" Catholic in El Salvador 
said he'd never heard about God being per- 
sonal: "You mean He has a plan for my life?" 

If anything, this trip proved valuable in 
giving me insights into the lives of our 
neighbors to the not-so-distant south. I had 
the privilege of stepping briefly into their 

Once, circumstances placed me in the back 
of a pickup truck en route to Managua, 
Nicaragua. I sat atop my shiny Samsonite 
suitcase beside a raggedly dressed young 
man. At 19 years, he had seen more grief 
than I ever might: A veteran of the civil war, 
without work, without a family. 

We talked, mostly about his experiences. 
Then his shoulders dropped, and he sighed 
toward the sky, "One of these days Jesus will 
return, and there will be peace." 

In this troubled area of the world, many do 
look forward to that day. Many can teach us 
valuable insights about faith and living. I'm 
thankful for having been "crazy" enough to 
visit Central America. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

"As Their Faith Is, 

So Shall Be Their Outcome" 

With this issue we begin a new feature in the 
Evangelist focusing on ''Learning From Our 
Heritage." The monthly articles in this feature 
will be written by Dr. Dale Stoffer, pastor of the 
Brethren Bible Fellowship of Columbus, Ohio. 

Dr. Stoffer is well-qualified to write this 
series. He has studied Brethren history intensely 
and wrote his Ph.D. dissertation at Fuller 
Theological Seminary School of Theology on 
"The Background and Development of Thought 
and Practice in the German Baptist Brethren 
(Dunker) and the Brethren (Progressive) 
Churches (c. 1650-1979)." 

In this issue we are including two articles by 
Dr. Stoffer, this introductory article in which he 
explains the reason for the series, followed by an 
article in which he begins examining Brethren 
sources of authority. 

IT has been said that those who refuse to 
learn the lessons of history are doomed to 
repeat them. Each of us possesses a certain 
pride that causes us to take lightly the in- 
sights of our elders, both spiritual and physi- 
cal. We would rather experience life's trials 
for ourselves, believing we can handle any 
difficulty through our own wisdom and in- 
sight. Such pride, however, is challenged 
throughout the book of Proverbs: "The fool 
rejects his father's discipline, but he who re- 
gards reproof is prudent" (Prov. 15:5; see also 
1:7; 10:17; 12:1). 

If we would take the time to be instructed 
by our own history, we would learn that the 
Brethren possess a very stirring heritage. If 
we search for greatness measured by the 
world's standards of fame, fortune, and 
power, we will be sadly disappointed in our 
history. But if we measure greatness by 
God's standards of self-sacrifice, costly disci- 
pleship to Christ, and unswerving obedience 
to the word, we will find a wealth of exam- 
ples that can challenge us to this same great- 

I realize that some today want to downplay 
our Brethren heritage, but I seriously doubt 
whether they have more than a tip-of-the- 
iceberg understanding of their spiritual 
roots. It is true that there are elements in 
our past which have brought shame upon the 
very name "Brethren." But to the wise and 
discerning, these unfortunate events can 
serve as illuminating lessons. 

"If we would take the time 
to be instructed by our own 
history, we would learn that 
the Brethren possess a very 
stirring heritage." 

Likewise it is true that we must not ele- 
vate our Brethren heritage (our forefathers 
would sharply reprove us if we did), but a 
mature person learns from the experience of 
others. May we look upon our history the 
same way Paul looked upon the Old Testa- 
ment: "Now these things happened to them 
as an example, and they were written for our 
instruction .... Therefore let him who 
thinks he stands take heed lest he fall" 
(I Cor. 10:11-12). 

It is my intention in a series of articles to 
share some of the insights that I have discov- 
ered in my study of Brethren history and 
thought. Abraham Lincoln once wrote: "If we 
could first know where we are, and whither 
we are tending, we could better judge what 
to do and how to do it." I earnestly pray that 
we as Brethren may rediscover who we are, 
understand why we are as we are, and con- 
sciously and prayerfully decide what direc- 
tion we should be headed. 

The God whom we serve always creates 
with a purpose. This conviction caused our 
forefathers in the faith to believe that God 

(continued on next page) 

August 1982 

X earnestly pray that we as Brethren may redis- 
cover who we are, understand why we are as we 
are, and consciously and prayerfully decide what 
direction we should be headed/' 

was calling them to model in their individual 
and corporate lives the character of the in- 
carnate Word, Jesus Christ. May we as 
Brethren at the end of the twentieth century 
rediscover what our purpose in God's plan is. 
Alexander Mack, the founder of the Brethren 
movement, was once asked what he felt the 
outcome of the Brethren would be. He re- 
sponded: "We cannot testify for our descend- 
ants — as their faith is, so shall be their out- 
come." The final test of any church ever re- 
mains its fidelity to Christ and His word. 
May this series inspire us to remain true to 
this cornerstone of our Brethren heritage. 

"The final test of any church 
ever remains its fidelity 
to Christ and His word." 

I would like to share just a word of intro- 
duction to the first set of articles on Brethren 
sources of authority. No church or denomina- 
tion (or individual!) lives without recognizing 
some type of authority which gives direction 
to its life and work. These authorities may be 
tradition, reason, the Pope, private inspira- 
tion, or Scripture — to name a few. 

Protestant churches claim that their sole 
authority is Scripture. But it doesn't take 

long to realize that though all Protestant 
groups claim a single source of authority, 
there is a great deal of diversity in how these 
groups understand Scripture. Why is this? 
This is the case because every group brings 
certain assumptions to its interpretation of 
Scripture. For example, differences occur on 
the basis of how various denominations view 
the character of God, the ministry of Christ, 
the work of the Holy Spirit, and the role of 
the church. These are not petty differ- 
ences, but lead to significant variations in 
one's interpretation of Scripture. 

Let me share just one example. One may 
see a continuous development occurring from 
the Old Testament to the New Testament or 
one may view Christ's ministry as the fulfill- 
ment of the Old Testament thereby giving 
greater authority to the New Testament. 
How one approaches this issue will deter- 
mine to a great extent how one deals with 
such issues as infant baptism, the need to ob- 
serve various Old Testament laws (dietary, 
etc.), the Sabbath question, and the issue of 
war. The first set of articles will therefore 
deal with the following Brethren sources of 
authority: God, Christ, Scripture, the Holy 
Spirit, and the church. [t] 

Sources of Authority — God 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

A PRINCIPLE that has guided Brethren 
thought, life, and practice from the be- 
ginning of the church is that God's very 
character is manifested throughout His crea- 
tion. David expresses this truth in Psalm 
19:1: "The heavens declare the glory of God; 
the skies proclaim the work of his hands." 
J. Allen Miller, the dean of Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary from 1906 to 1933, often 
stated that the universe must be meaningful 
and purposeful because it reflects the charac- 
ter of the personal Creator God. 

What is by nature true of all creation — 

that it reveals God's character — is also to be 
true of God's highest creation, man. Man was 
originally created in God's image (see Gen. 
1:26), though the divine image was distorted 
by Adam and Eve's disobedience. Yet God's 
purpose for every person remains his or her 
renewal into the image of the Creator (Col. 

As I read through Scripture, I find a com- 
mon theme linking both the Old and New 
Testaments. This theme centers in God's ul- 
timate purpose for human history: to form a 
people for Himself. Over 20 times, begin- 


The Brethren Evangelist 


The Brethren throughout their history have wit- 
nessed in word and deed that the goal of the 
Christian life is to he a people who will he like 
their Father." 

ning in Genesis 17:7-8 and ending in Revela- 
I tion 21:7, God promises, "I shall be your 
| God" (a study of these passages is very re- 

God's willingness to enter into formal 
covenant with Abraham and his descendants 
I is in fact an outgrowth of this divine purpose. 
j Yet the promise "to be your God" is fre- 
i quently linked with the phrase "and you 
shall be my people." This latter phrase is an 
| expression not only of grace but also of 


God's purposes as revealed in 
Scripture indicate that the 
individual is dependent upon 
the church, not vice versa. 

responsibility. For it is spoken only to those 

who truly reflect the fact that they are God's 

people by their faith and their righteous 

character (see Lev. 26:1-13; Jer. 31:33; Zech. 

8:8; II Cor. 6:14-18). 
The Brethren throughout their history 

have witnessed in word and deed that the 
j goal of the Christian life is to be a people 
i who will be like their Father (see Eph. 5:1). 
I Alexander Mack, the leader of the original 
; Brethren movement, likened God to the head 
' of a house (based on Gal. 6:10 and Eph. 2:19). 

As the head, God is the one who originated 
i and now governs His house, the church. He 

has made His will fully known to His house- 
! hold through His Son. God's household shows 
I its divine origin only by its faithfulness to 
! God the Father. 

One can see that the Brethren view of God 
| is a very personal one. God desires to make 
! Himself known through His creation and 
{ also through His spiritual children (see II 
jCor. 4:6 and 3:18). These facts about God 

have some very important implications for 
( our faith. 

First, to believe that creation and history 
; are both meaningful and purposeful as a re- 
i suit of God's activity rules out any form of 

materialistic evolution (life evolved from 
j matter) and any view of history that rules 
j God out of the process (Marxism and existen- 
i tialism for instance). 

Second, because the church exists to grow 

into the character of God and Christ and to 
share the gospel of Christ with the world, no 
church can rest on past laurels. The church 
is God's people insofar as it is faithful to the 
call of God (see the warning given to the 
church at Laodicea in Rev. 3:14-22). Alexan- 
der Mack's prediction of the future of the 
Brethren movement emphasizes this point 
precisely: "as their faith is, so shall be their 

Finally, God's purposes as revealed in 
Scripture indicate that the individual is de- 
pendent upon the church, not vice versa. 
American Christianity has consumed large 
doses of that staple of the American cultural 
diet — individualism. This trait comes out in 
a frequent American definition for the 
church: it is a voluntary association of believ- 
ers gathered for mutual edification and 
evangelism. This definition makes the 
church dependent upon the will of individual 
Christians to gather together! It may be good 
Baptist theology, but it is not good biblical 
(or Brethren) theology. 

Scripture sees the church, Christ's body, as 
God's primary agent of activity in human 
history. Take a look at the imagery New Tes- 
tament writers use to describe Christians: a 
body, a household of faith, a royal priest- 
hood — terms which stress the corporate na- 
ture of the faith, not the individual. Individ- 

"Let us remember that God 
calls Christians to be a 
holy nation, not Lone 

uals are called to Christ's body as the place 
where they are to grow and mature (Eph. 
4:13, 16; Heb. 10:24-25). It is for the sake of 
the church that spiritual gifts are given 
(I Cor. 12:7, 18, 25; Eph. 4:11-12). 

The church is not a product of human voli- 
tion (voluntary association), but of divine 
calling and purpose (Eph. 3:3-10; Col. 1:24- 
27). Let us remember that God calls Chris- 
tians to be a holy nation (I Pet. 2:9), not Lone 
Rangers. We fulfill that calling only as we 
become a committed, functioning part of 
God's people, the church. [t] 

August 1982 


by Jean and Phil Lersch 
and Bonnie Munson 


E believe that we must wage peace. 

That we must expose the roots of evil — 

—the evil that maintains systems causing 
one-quarter of the world's people to be 
permanently hungry while a relative 
few revel in luxury; 

— the evil that allows corporations to ad- 
vertise false hope to underdeveloped 
countries while profiting from their 

— the evil of jailing, torturing, and kill- 
ing people in Guatemala, El Salvador, 
Argentina, and Poland who ask ques- 
tions about how things are or could be 
and try to improve their lives; 

— the evil of forcing people, in institutions 
or in Third World countries, to do and be 
less than their best. 

We must wage peace, but the weapons of 
this campaign dare not be weapons of de- 

They are part of the evil. 

They are not powerful enough. 

Guns and bombs and missiles de- 
stroy people but do not expose the 
roots of evil. 

The only power that can expose and help 
defeat evil is the tough love Jesus showed — 

— the love that questions and clarifies; 

— the love that does without physical and 
emotional rewards; 

— the love that tells the truth and perse- 
veres in spite of personal discomfort; 

— the vulnerable love that admits mis- 
takes, refusing to pretend; 

— the aggressive love that returns good for 

Jean and Phil Lersch and Bonnie Munson are Chris- 
tian education specialists and make up the Brethren 
House Ministries team, St. Petersburg, Fla. 


— the love that cements commitment to 

To wage peace with love as a weapon is] 
hard, a long-term effort. It goes against the 
instant-gratification grain of society. We 
may not see the results. 

But love is the only weapon that is effec-j 
tive. All others will fail. 

They may temporarily control, but ulti- 
mately will stimulate growth of the roots of 

Nuclear weapons have no place in this 
campaign against evil. They kill indiscrimi- 
nately. They have the potential for destroy- 
ing life on God's earth. They are evil. 

Our tax dollars are being spent to build 
more nuclear weapons when we now have 
enough to overkill enemies and friends 

Many biblical passages order us to wage 
peace, to trust in God for our defense, to root 
out evil injustice. But nowhere are there bib- 
lical mandates to create the monsters of de- 
struction we now hold and are building for 
our nuclear arsenals. 

We Brethren believe the Bible. When 
Jesus said, "Render to Caesar that which is 
Caesar's," he did not mean for us to arm our 
governments with nuclear weapons. Yet, if 
we are silent, we are assenting to our federal 
priorities of spending trillions of dollars on 
weapons of war. 

We have access to our government. In fact, 
unlike the time of the New Testament, as 
participants in a democracy we are part of 
the government. We can freely express our 
beliefs, even question our government's 
policies. Does our failure to speak out about 
evil mean we are condoning it? 

Brethren, let's be God's people. We can do 

The Brethren Evangelist 

several things to freeze the buildup of nucle- 
ar arms: 

(1) If we work in an industry that man- 
ufactures any nuclear weapons components, 
we can seek support from our church commu- 
nity in finding other employment. For exam- 
ple, these seven corporations are involved in 
the production of all U.S. H-bombs: 

General Electric — Largo, Florida (neu- 
tron triggers) 

Rockwell International — Rocky Flats, 
Colorado (plutonium bomb triggers) 

Monsanto — Miamisburg, Ohio (isotope 
separation and detonators) 

Union Carbide — Oak Ridge, Tennessee 
(enriched uranium, plutonium) 

Dupont — Aiden, South Carolina (pluto- 

Bendix Corporation — Kansas City, 
Missouri (electronic components) 

Silas Mason Co. — Amarillo, Texas (final 
assembly, maintenance) 

(2) We can write the people representing 
us in Congress and tell them of our support 
for the genuine nuclear arms freeze resolu- 


ions: House of Representatives — H.J. 434 
(Conte-Markey-Bingham); Senate — S.J. 183 
(Kennedy-Hatfield). Other resolutions pro- 
mote the further buildup of nuclear weapons 
before the freeze takes effect. 

(3) We can join with others locally in work- 
ing for the freeze. 

(4) We can continue praying for courage 
and determination to be the workers for 
peace Jesus intended us to be. We can pray 
for leaders of all nations. 

(5) We can encourage representatives to 
Brethren conferences to adopt statements 
that support the stopping of the testing, 
manufacture, and deployment of all nuclear 

Jesus said, "Blessed are the peacemakers 
[wagers?] for they shall be called God's chil- 
dren." [t] 

Fred P. Thompson, Jr., has an excellent article 
on page 34 of the Summer 1982 issue of United 
Evangelical Action, the official publication of the 
National Association of Evangelicals, about the 
need for Christians to oppose the nuclear arms 

The only power that can expose and help defeat 
evil is the tough love Jesus showed/' 

An Explanation of 
Nuclear Freeze Positions 

As citizen support grows for efforts to stop the nu- 
clear arms race, more and more public officials are 
j using the term "freeze." Unfortunately, they don't 
all use it with the same meaning. Therefore, the fol- 
lowing information is presented to help explain the 
various "freeze" positions. 

(1) The National Nuclear Weapons Freeze Cam- 
paign has as its goal that both the U.S. and the 
U.S.S.R. should stop further "testing, production and 
deployment of nuclear weapons and of missiles and 
new aircraft designed primarily to deliver nuclear 

| weapons." This could be termed a "real freeze." 

(2) The U.S. Congressional Joint Resolutions 
(Kennedy-Hatfield in the Senate and Markey-Conte- 
Bingham in the House) would establish similar ob- 
jectives: "a complete halt to the nuclear arms race," 

I "a mutual and verifiable freeze on the testing, pro- 

I I duction and further deployment of nuclear 
' warheads, missiles and other delivery systems," and 
| would "give special attention to the destabilizing 
I weapons whose deployment would make such a 
i freeze more difficult." It even adds the second step, 

"major arms reductions." This, too, would be a "real 

(3) President Reagan's "freeze," however, would 
take place only after we accelerate nuclear warhead 
production and deploy those "destabilizing" weapons 

such as the MX, Trident, and cruise missiles which 
"would make such a freeze more difficult." This is 
not a "real freeze," but a "build now, freeze later" 
plan. Arms reduction proposals he now advocates 
still seem to include this escalation while asking the 
Soviets to cut greatly their major missile systems. 

(4) The Jackson-Warner U.S. Senate resolution, 
and its House counterpart, which President Reagan 
supports, also is not a "real freeze." It, too, is a "build 
now, freeze later" plan. 

(5) Senator John Glenn's freeze would be at the 
SALT II ceilings. But the SALT II ceilings would 
have allowed building the MX, Trident, and cruise 
missiles. Therefore Glenn is saying the same thing 
as President Reagan and the Jackson-Warner resol- 
ution, but using different words. This, therefore, is 
not the "real freeze," but also a "build now, freeze 
later" plan. 

(6) A member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, ap- 
parently on speaking tour in opposition to a "real 
freeze," was reported as saying it would tie the 
hands of the U.S., but not the Soviet Union. This is 
not a "real freeze." A "real freeze" would stop both. 

One final note: it is not enough for Congresspeople 
to endorse, sponsor, or even vote for the "real freeze." 
They must also vote down the funds to make those 
weapons. Otherwise, their "support" of the "real 
freeze" is meaningless. 

Source: A letter by John Looney, chairperson, Ohio 
Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign. 

August 1982 


An Organizational Design for the Brethren Church 

Part III, A Working Brethren Model 

by Jack L. Oxenrider 

THE organizational structure of any 
church is influenced by that church's 
history, situation, goals, and commitments. 
This being the case, every church organiza- 
tion will vary. That is to say, the charted or- 
ganizational design and structure of any two 
Brethren churches, for example, will not 
be identical. However, since all Brethren 
churches have a similar history, culture, pur- 
pose, and commitment, they will all have 
similar organizational structures. 

There are certain components of organiza- 
tional structure which come together to form 
the organization structure of the Brethren 
Church. These components will be a part 
of any organizational structure within the 
church that is seeking to define itself within 
the tradition and polity of the Brethren 

The Jefferson Brethren Church carefully 
designed its organization according to the 
tradition and polity of the Brethren Church. 
The organizational design presently em- 
ployed by this church is the collaborative 
organizational structure.* This design pre- 
sents a viable model for other Brethren 
churches because it is based on the history 
and polity of the church. 

The organizational structure of the Jeffer- 
son Church can be better understood by look- 
ing at figures 1, 2, and 3 (on this and the fol- 
lowing two pages). In figure 1, the body out- 
line represents the unique character, es- 
sence, and extent of the local congregation. 

*See "Part II. Understanding Organizational 
Design" in last month's Evangelist for a discus- 
sion of collaborative organizational structure. 

Dr. Oxenrider is senior pastor of the Jefferson 
Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind. This is the third in 
a series of articles which he is adapting for the 
Evangelist from his recently completed doctoral 
dissertation entitled "Sharing Leadership in the 
Brethren Church: A Leadership Design for an 
Elder in the Tradition and Polity of the Brethren 


At Jefferson, as in other Brethren churches, 
the congregation establishes its own general 
policies, essence, and purpose through con- 
gregational business meetings in which all 
members of the church have equal voice and 
vote. Policy and purpose are discerned by the 
church as a whole fts it seeks to arrive at a 
consensus concerning what it considers to be 
God's will for the congregation at that time 
and place. 

The collaborative structure begins with 
the large triangle at the heart of the body. 
The large triangle represents the central 

Many varied and 
gifted members make 
up the Body of Christ. 
I Corinthians 12:4, 5, 
6. 12. and 14 

Located at the heart 
of the Body is the ad- 
ministrative core, 
which, under the con- 
trol of the Body and 
the headship of Christ, 
coordinates the func- 
tions of/ the\ Body's 
many gifts, ministries, 
and effects. I Corinth- 
ians 12:4-7 

Figure 1 . Collaborative Organizational Design of 
the Jefferson Brethren Church, illustrating an or- 
ganizational design based on the body of Christ 
analogy found in I Corinthians 12. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

leadership group of the congregation. It con- 
stitutes the administrative core. This ad- 
ministrative core group has been established 
by the local congregation to oversee the ad- 
ministration of the normal affairs of the 
church, which are conducted within the de- 
fined essence, purpose, and ministry of the 

The Board of Administrators 

The central collaborative triangle, which 
serves as the administrative core, carries a 
number of titles in different Brethren 
churches. It has such designations as "The 
Official Board" or "The Board of Directors." 
In the Jefferson Brethren Church, this ad- 
ministrative core is known as the "Board of 
Administrators." The corporation officers of 
the church, diagramed as circles within the 
triangle (see figure 2) are the moderator, sec- 
retary, pastor(s), historian-assistant secre- 
tary, vice moderator, treasurer, and financial 
secretary. These are the functioning roles of 
the Board of Administrators. The persons 
who fill these positions oversee the adminis- 
trative duties of the Board, such as keeping 
historical records and receiving and disburs- 
ing money. They also join with other leaders 
in making administrative decisions for the 
congregation within its existing policy. 

The person who leads the Board of Ad- 
ministrators is the moderator. All collaborat- 
ing leaders and staff are accountable to him. 
This position has been defined by the con- 
stitution. The moderator and the board sec- 
retary are designated by the constitution as 
the chief administrative officers. They have 
been instructed and empowered by the con- 
gregation to represent the essence, purpose, 
and goals of the congregation. It is their role 
to function in consultation with the pastor 
as executive officers on behalf of the con- 

The ministries 

The smaller triangles of the collaborative 
structure, which are linked to the central 
triangle, represent the collaborative groups 
which have been designed and instructed to 
perform general ministry functions within 
the church. Each Brethren Church has a 
unique combination of collaborative groups, 
committees, or, as they are called at Jeffer- 
son, "ministries." These have been estab- 
lished by the congregation at large as a 
means of fulfilling specific goals. 

These ministries at Jefferson are as fol- 
lows: (1) Ministry of Deacons; (2) Ministry of 

August 1982 

Figure 2. The Board of Administrators (adminis- 
trative core) of the Jefferson Brethren Church. 

Stewardship; (3) Ministry of Adult Educa- 
tion; (4) Ministry of Children and Youth 
Education; (5) Ministry of Fellowship; (6) 
Ministry of Home and Family; (7) Ministry of 
Library; (8) Ministry of Building and Prop- 
erty; (9) Ministry of Social Concerns; (10) 
Women's Ministry; (11) Ministry of Worship. 

Responsibilities of ministries 

The function of these specific ministries 
has been detailed for the congregation in a 
Ministry Notebook. This is a written job de- 
scription of purpose and procedure for each 

Each ministry has been given the author- 
ity to make decisions related to its own area 
of responsibility. These decisions, of course, 
must be made in accordance with the exist- 
ing policies of the church. These decisions 
and activities of ministry are then reported 
to the Board of Administrators through the 
ministry leader, who is the communication 
and organizational link. 

The ministries have been given great free- 
dom and authority to make decisions which 
relate to their tasks. If, however, they desire 
to make a decision that would change the 
policy of the church or establish a new policy, 
that decision must be brought to the Board of 
Administrators, who, in turn, would refer it 
to the congregation for final approval. 

Such a design provides a balance in the 
decision-making process. The input and rec- 
ommendations for decisions are made at the 
level of involvement, and yet the congrega- 

(continued on next page) 


tion maintains the final authority in terms of 
policy, purpose, and goals. Such a design 
maintains high accountability and unity 
within the total organization, while al- 
lowing for the strength of grass roots de- 

Each ministry group is accountable to the 
Board of Administrators and to the congrega- 
tion as a whole for the function of its minis- 
try. The method of accountability is attend- 
ance at each month's board meeting and a 
written quarterly report. The reports of all 
the ministries are compiled into booklet form 
for the congregation prior to each quarterly 

Many of the ministry groups fulfill their 
responsibilities by delegating certain duties 
to single individuals or to a collaborative 
subgroup. Such a subgroup is linked to the 
parent ministry by a person who leads the 
group (see figure 3). These subgroups are 
usually given decision-making and problem- 
solving authority so that they can 
adequately fulfill the specific duty which 
they have been entrusted to perform. Such 
subgroups may exist for a brief period or 
they may be ongoing groups within the con- 
gregation. The subgroup is accountable on a 
reporting and performance basis to the col- 
laborative ministry group which appointed 
it, to the Board of Administrators, and, ulti- 
mately, to the congregation. 

The leadership of the church functions 
through facilitative relationships. It is the 
basic function of the persons in leadership — 
such as the deacons, moderator, officers, and 

Figure 3. Illustration of the organizational detail 
of a ministry. 

pastor — to serve as resource persons to the 
ministry groups and to the task-oriented sub- 
groups. The facilitator helps to establish the 
group, to link that group to the administra- 
tive core, to advise on the decision-making 
process, to clarify goals, state opinions, list 
task requirements, and suggest strategy for 
accomplishing these goals. Facilitators have 
a primary task of training individuals who 
work in specific tasks and assignments. 

An effective organizational design 

The organizational development of the 
Jefferson Brethren Church is unique be- 
cause of its history, situation, goals, and 
commitments. Nevertheless, it represents a 
workable organizational structure which is 
in keeping with the essence of the brother- 
hood-church and is consistent with the 
tradition and polity of the Brethren 
Church. Its collaborative design can serve 
as an effective organizational design for 
the Brethren Church at large. 

An organizational structure should never 
restrict or limit the goals, purpose, and 
ministry of a church. Likewise, the organiza- 
tional structure must be consistent with the 
character and essence of the church. The col- 
laborative structure can be effectively 
employed to develop an organizational struc- 
ture of the Brethren Church. Such an organi- 
zational structure is in keeping with the es- 
sence of the church and will facilitate the ef- 
fective accomplishment of its goals and 

If, at any time, a church or organization is 
hindered or encumbered by its organization, 
then the organization has failed. The organi- 
zation is to be the servant of the church. The 
church is not to be the servant of an organi- 
zational structure. 

A key to effective ministry 

A well-defined and understood organi- 
zation is a key to the effective ministry of 
a local Brethren church and to the effec- 
tive function of the pastor within that 
church. Where church structures are con- 
fused or ill-defined, increasing difficulty will 
result. Where organizational structures are 
confusing or hidden, the pastor will experi- 
ence great difficulties in his role of directing 
the affairs of the church. A clearly under- 
stood and used organizational structure is es- 
sential for the effective leadership-manage- 
ment of the Brethren Church. [t] 

(Next Issue: "Part III. A Brethren Manage- 
ment Theory") 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Dealing With Negative People 

WHAT do you do about the person who 
doesn't like you? Suppose he (it could 
just as well be a she) is talking behind your 
back. Should you confront him face to face in 
an OK Corral shoot-out? Or should you act 
like Chief Stoneface and refuse to speak to 
him, perhaps even ignore him? What should 
you do about this belligerent, critical, nega- 
tive, troublemaker? 

That is a question often asked. As far as I 
can see (perhaps you can see farther), there 
is such a person in every organization. You 
can bet on it! They seem to be planted 
around to make other people miserable. 
They're like weeds in an otherwise beautiful 
garden. It makes no difference what kind of 
business you're in or what your station in life 
is, you'll run into this kind of person. 
Perhaps I should say you'll have a run-in 
with this kind of person! 

Now it isn't that these individuals enjoy 
making other people miserable. Actually, 
they're miserable themselves. Maybe that's 
why they want to make everyone else miser- 
able. This negative person is really sick at 
heart. He can't help himself. He's sort of like 
a dog bitten by a rabid fox. He is the culmi- 
nation of a host of negative thoughts over the 
years. "A man is what he thinks about all 
day long." If he thinks negative thoughts, 
then he will be negative. A man who eats 
onions can expect smelly breath. 

But you can help the person and the situa- 
tion — and all those who come after you — by 
not stooping to a verbal shoot-out. Shoot-outs 
rarely help anyone, and on many occasions 
innocent bystanders get caught in the cross 
fire. In the heat of passion we may say some- 
thing we'll forever regret. "Speak when 
you're angry and you'll make the best speech 
you'll ever regret!" 

There are several ways to deal with this 
negative person (sometimes referred to as a 
pain in the neck). 

(1) You might fight fire with fire — with a 

verbal barrage like a 21 -gun salute! You win 
the argument but forever lose the person. 

(2) You can choose to remain silent. ("Si- 
lence is golden," some say.) Let your oppo- 
nent shadowbox. He'll soon get exhausted or 
pick a new target, one that chooses to re- 
spond. But you haven't helped the person at 
all. Now he's making someone else misera- 
ble. I'm assuming you'd like to help him. 

The negative person is really 
sick at heart. He can't help 
himself. He's the culmi- 
nation of a host of negative 
thoughts over the years. 

(3) Go to him and quietly try to straighten 
out the entire mess. Remember, "A soft an- 
swer turneth away wrath: but grievous 
words stir up anger." This is excellent ad- 
vice, but difficult to take — like swallowing 
an oversized pill without water. Maybe some- 
one has twisted what you said. By confront- 
ing the person you can explain what you 
meant and correct the wrong interpretation 
of it. 

(4) If going alone doesn't work, then take 
along another person, one you can trust. 

(5) Be positive. Tell your opponent his good 
points and forget the bad ones (everyone al- 
ready knows his bad features). "A word fitly 
spoken is like apples of gold in pictures of 
silver." This requires humility. Your ego will 
cry out against it: "Why should I have to put 
up with this?" You don't have to, but you're 
trying to help the person, remember? 

(6) Try prayer. Prayer is positive. It may 
help you and your attitude more than your 
opponent. When your attitude changes, you 
might discover your negative opponent 
changes. Prayer is like making a request be- 
fore Royalty. Spending time in the presence 
of Royalty soon rubs off. It's a good rub for 
you, and for others. [f] 

August 1982 



Unveiling the Grandeur and 
Complexity of Ancient Jerusalem 

IN the heat of the past four 
summers, a team of ar- 
chaeologists, hundreds of volun- 
teers, and I have sifted through 
the dust and ruins of centuries to 
try to piece together a picture 
of how the people of Canaanite 
and Israelite Jerusalem lived 
thousands of years ago. 

Jerusalem's beginnings 

Some 5,000 years ago, the first 
inhabitants of Jerusalem — then 
a Canaanite city — settled on a 
narrow ridge extending south 
from today's walled Old City of 
Jerusalem. They chose the site 
because of its proximity to the 
Gihon spring — which still bub- 
bles there — and its defensibility 
due to steep slopes on three 
sides — a topography which has 
made our excavations even more 

In 1000 B.C., David conquered 
the Canaanite city, then called 
Jebus. He made the city the cap- 
ital of the Land of Israel, and 
under his rule and that of his 
son, Solomon, the city became a 
mighty political center. 

With the construction of the 
First Temple by Solomon, it 
grew into a religious center, and 
has remained so until today. 

Archaeological excavations 
had been conducted in and 
around Jerusalem since the mid- 
1800's, and remains were discov- 
ered from the Second Temple 
period (538 B.C. to A.D. 70) and 
from the Roman and Byzantine 
periods. But little was really 
known about Canaanite and Is- 
raelite Jerusalem. 

So, four years ago we began 
our excavations, called "the City 

of David Dig," on state-owned 
lands on the southeast hill, on 
behalf of the City of David Soci- 
ety, comprised of the Hebrew 
University of Jerusalem, the Is- 
rael Exploration Society, the 
Jerusalem Foundation, and 
donors from South Africa, the 
United States, and Israel. The 
main body of the work is carried 
out by volunteers from Israel, 
Europe, and particularly the 
United States. 

Surprising discovery 

During the last two seasons, 
we succeeded in reaching the ac- 
tual Canaanite city, and in the 
process we unearthed many in- 
teresting finds. 

In the summer of 1980, we 
were astonished to discover that 
the massive structure we had 
been excavating since 1978 was 
from the period of King Solomon. 
This stepped stone structure, as 
tall as a five-story building, is 
the most monumental remnant 
of that period in Israel and the 
only one in Jerusalem. 

The purpose of the structure 
had been a mystery to us, but 
we eventually concluded that it 
supported the buildings of the 
acropolis area, which housed the 
Temple, the palaces, the admin- 
istrative buildings, and the for- 
tifications — which were con- 
structed above the structure. 

This ingenius method of over- 
coming the obstacles of building 
on a hilly terrain was also in evi- 
dence in the residential quarter. 
We discovered the city wall, 
built directly upon the slope, and 
found that it supported the 
series of terraces above it, which 

by Dr. Yigal Shiloh 

served in turn as a basis for the 
residential buildings. The 70 me- 
ters' length of the city wall that 
was unearthed was intact at a 
height of about four meters. 

Well-planned and 

Our exploration of the residen- 
tial area also yielded us various 
examples of houses, some simple 
and others more elaborate, for 
instance, a multi-roomed build- 
ing complete with courtyard, and 
a building constructed of rough- 
hewn stones. The quarter fea- 
tured many facilities serving 
everyday life, such as alleys with 
stairways, a toilet, cooking 
ovens, and gutters. Some of the 

photo by Isaac Harari 
Dr. Yigal Shiloh, Director of 
the City of David excavations. A 
native-born Israeli, he is also a 
senior lecturer at the Hebrew 
University of Jerusalem. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Holyland Feature 

photo by Isaac Harari 

The monumental structure from King Solomon's Jerusalem, which 
believed to have supported buildings in an acropolis area. 

"emnants were preserved intact 
a height of two to three 
neters, their original height. 

We found many items testify- 
ing to the wealth of the inhabit- 
ants of Jerusalem at the end of 
ithe Israelite period: a rich reper- 
toire of crockery, ranging from 
tail lamps, basins, and cooking 
Spots to small wine vessels and 
large storage jugs. Many of the 
items bore inscriptions, royal 
eals, and names of men or 
women. One, for example, was 
the name "Ahiel," which is He- 
brew for "God is my brother." 

Other significant finds were 
two Hebrew inscriptions on 
stone tablets, standard stone 
weights, bone implements used 
for weaving and cosmetics, and 
metal work tools and weapons, 
such as a dagger, spearheads, 
and arrows. We unearthed fertil- 
ity symbols in the image of As- 
tarte and representations of 
various animals. All of these 
finds teach us about life in Is- 
raelite Jerusalem in the period 
of the kings. 

August 1982 

Advanced water 
supply system 

We have also cleared away the 
debris from several sections of 
the three underground water 
systems of ancient Jerusalem, 
enabling us to have a better un- 

derstanding of the way this most 
sophisticated network, carved as 
canals or tunnels in the actual 
bedrock, functioned. 

In the course of our quest to 
learn more about this vast en- 
gineering venture, we redated 
the famous Warren's Shaft to a 
later period. This shaft, which 
connected the Gihon Spring to 
the inner city, was thought to be 
the route through which David's 
men conquered Jebus. But now 
that the shaft has been redated, 
historians will have to ponder 
anew just how David made 
Jerusalem his capital. 

I believe there is still much to 
be learned about and from the 
early history of Jerusalem, and 
we hope that future excavation 
seasons will provide us with 
more and more pieces of the puz- 
zle, pieces that will no doubt 
deepen our admiration for the 
creativity and resourcefulness of 
the people who lived at the time 
of King David. [t] 

One of the newly developed archaeological gardens next to the walls 
of Jerusalem's Old City. In the rear are buildings of the reconstructed 
Jewish Quarter. 



news from the Brethren Church 

Timothy P. Garner ordained June 27 
at North Manchester Church 

North Manchester, Ind.— Timothy 
P. Garner was ordained an 
elder in the Brethren Church 
on Sunday afternoon, June 27. 
The ordination service took place 
at the North Manchester First 
Brethren Church. 

Dr. Richard Allison, assistant 
professor of Christian Education 
at Ashland Theological Seminary, 
presented the ordination message. 
Other Brethren elders officiating 
in the service were Rev. Mark E. 
Baker, Dr. Jerry Flora, Rev. Mar- 
lin McCann, and Rev. Woodrow A. 
Immel, pastor of the North Man- 
chester First Brethren Church. 

Also participating in the service 
were Richard Yarman, moderator 
of the Walcrest Brethren Church 
of Mansfield, Ohio, and James 
Mishler, moderator of the North 
Manchester First Brethren 

Special music was presented by 
the North Manchester Church 
choir and by Rev. Mark Baker. 
Mrs. Woodrow Immel played the 
organ prelude and postlude for the 

Rev. Timothy P. Garner 

Timothy Paul Garner was born 
April 12, 1957, to Dr. and Mrs. 
Warren K. Garner. Tim and his 
family moved to North Manches- 
ter in 1968. Tim received Christ as 
his Lord and Savior and was bap- 
tized in 1969. By the time he en- 
tered high school, he was an active 
member of the North Manchester 

Meadow Crest Church launches 
project to carpet sanctuary 

Fort Wayne, Ind.— On May 23 

the congregation of the Meadow 
Crest Brethren Church of Fort 
Wayne launched a new project 
which includes carpeting the 
sanctuary and centralizing the 
pulpit. This is a project the congre- 
gation has dreamed of ever since it 
moved into the present building in 

At the kickoff banquet for the 
project, $900 was pledged — enough 
to pay for 60 square yards of car- 
pet (at $15 per square yard). The 
church's goal for the down pay- 


ment on the project is $1,500. 

In addition to receiving pledges, 
the church is planning other fund 
raising activities to receive the 
$4,000 needed. These include sav- 
ing aluminum cans and distribut- 
ing frozen foods. 

The church recently installed a 
baptistry and is now completing 
phases two and three of its remod- 
eling project. Average Sunday 
morning attendance at Meadow 
Crest is in the mid forties. Rev. 
Ralph Gibson is pastor of the con- 

First Brethren Church. 

Following graduation from Man 
Chester High School in 1975, Tin 
entered Manchester College 
where he majored in psychology 
While in college, he met Bett 
Hoover of Goshen, Indiana. They 
were married June 10, 1978. 

Tim received his bachelor of sci 
ence degree from Manchester Col 
lege in 1979. He and Beth then 
moved to Ashland, Ohio, where 
Tim attended Ashland Theological 
Seminary. He received a master ol 
divinity degree from the seminary 
June 5, 1982. 

During his years of academic 
preparation, Tim actively served 
the Lord and His church. He was 
an active member of Brethren 
Youth at the local, district, and 
national levels. In college he 
served as a member of the Campus 
Ministry Board for three years. He 
also spent the summer of 1976 as a 
BYC Summer Crusader, and it 
was during this time that he was 
called to full-time ministry. 

Tim served as part-time pastor 
of the Walcrest Brethren Church 
in Mansfield from January to June 
of this year. Following his ordina- 
tion he assumed the full-time pas- 
torate of this congregation. 

Bryan First Brethren 
has successful VBS 

Bryan, Ohio— VBS at the Bryan 
First Brethren Church June 14-18 
was for adults as well as children. 
Average attendance for the week 
was 111. 

Linda Lockhart and Ann Cum- 
mins planned and directed the 
Bible school. The theme for the 
week was "Come, Follow Jesus." 

The offering totaled $168.69, 
which will be used to purchase a 
bicycle for an evangelist in India. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Scott Bowers wins full scholarship 
to Ashland College 

j Jappanee, Ind. — Scott Bowers, a 
jnember of the First Brethren 
J'hurch of Nappanee, has won a 
mil scholarship to Ashland Col- 
lege. The scholarship will cover 
jioth tuition and room and board 

i !or four years. 

Scott won the award by scoring 

i jdghest in all categories of the 

! Spring scholar-testing program of- 
ered by Ashland College. He will 

; be attending Ashland College this 
all, pursuing a major in business 

j iidministration and accounting. 
I In addition to being a member of 

jihe Nappanee First Brethren 

i Church, Scott is active in the 

: ):hurch's senior high youth group. 

f |ie was also a graduating member 
j>f the class of 1982 of North wood 
jiigh School in Nappanee. At 

Northwood he was a member of 
the school football team, which 
reached the state finals in Class 
AA in 1980. He also participated 
in track. 

Scott is the son of David and 
Joanne Bowers of Nappanee. Both 
parents are graduates of Ashland 
College (class of 1957), and both 
are very active in the First Breth- 
ren Church of Nappanee. David is 
employed by Desco Chemical Com- 
pany of Nappanee, and Joanne is a 
third grade teacher. 

When apprised of the results of 
the test, Scott stated, "I didn't 
even want to take the test, but my 
pastor took me and some others for 
the spring test, and when I heard 
the results I was shocked!" To this 
Rev. Alvin Shifflett, the pastor at 

jLucile Baker honored as Senior Disciple 
\of the Year by Indiana District 

Nappanee, added, "I loaded up a 
carload and 'dragged' these guys 
over to take the test, and look 
what happened! Great." 
— reported by Rev. Alvin Shifflett 

■Jhipshewana, Ind. — Mrs. Lucile 
3aker was honored as the Senior 
Disciple for 1982 by the Indiana 
District at its conference in June, 
n recognition of this honor, Mrs. 
3aker was presented a plaque by 
;he conference. 

Mrs. Baker is a member of the 
iMorth Manchester, Indiana, First 
[Brethren Church, where this 
'spring she was honored as that 
pongregation's Senior Disciple for 
11982. At that time, Rev. Woodrow 
jtmmel, pastor of the North Man- 
chester Church, presented Mrs. 
Baker with a corsage and a book 
to commemorate the event. Mrs. 
Baker was nominated as Senior 
iDisciple by Mrs. Darwin DeLaugh- 

Mrs. Baker has served many 
years teaching children in the 
Sunday school at North Manches- 
ter First Brethren, and has 
touched the lives of many people 
in the congregation. She and her 
{husband, Harold, who recently re- 
hired from I.T.T., are the parents 
of four children, all of whom are a 

August 1982 

Left photo: Mrs. Lucile Baker receives the district award from Rev. 
Jim Ray. Right photo: Mrs. Baker receives the North Manchester 
award from her pastor, Rev. Woodrow Immel. 

credit to their parents. 

Their older son, Dr. Fred Baker, 
resides at Silver Springs, Md. 
Their older daughter, Miss Sharon 
Baker, is a secondary education 
teacher in the Howe school system 
and resides at Angola, Indiana. 

Their younger daughter, Miss 
Becky Baker, served as a teacher 

for ten years at Riverside Chris- 
tian Training School, Lost Creek, 
Kentucky. She is currently earn- 
ing her Ph.D. degree at Louisiana 
University in Baton Rouge. Their 
younger son, Rev. Mark Baker, is 
serving as the home mission pas- 
tor of the new Brethren Church in 
Carmel, Indiana. 



Old West emphasis adds interest 
to Smithville First Brethren VBS 

Smithville, Ohio— "Come, Follow 
Jesus" was the theme for Bible 
school at the Smithville Brethren 
Church in June. The theme was 
carried out with an Old West em- 
phasis. Each classroom was deco- 
rated in western style and many of 
the children came dressed like 
cowboys and cowgirls. 

The Old West emphasis was car- 
ried over into music class, with the 
children sitting on bales of straw 
covered with horse blankets dur- 
ing the music sessions. Two pup- 
pets, one dressed as a cowboy and 
the other as a cowgirl, helped 
teach songs to the children. 

The music area was also the 
focal point of the Bible school proj- 
ect, which was to raise $150 for 
hymnals for the Columbus Breth- 
ren Bible Fellowship, the new 
home mission church of the Ohio 
District. For each $5.00 in offering 
brought in by the children, a 
handmade hymn book was taped 
to the wall. The children were so 

At a cookout on the final day of VBS at Smithville, the children 
released 122 helium-filled balloons, each carrying a Bible verse. 

enthusiastic that they brought in 
a total of $210! 

The climax of the week was a 
beans and franks cookout at a 
local park. During the cookout the 
children released 122 helium-filled 
balloons. A card was attached to 
each balloon with a child's name, a 
verse of Scripture, and the address 
of the church written on it. One 
card was received back from a 

Brethren's Home breaks ground 
for Livingston Room addition 

United Methodist church membe; 
in Pennsylvania! 

But the greatest blessing of th< 
Bible school was that 20 childrer 
received Jesus Christ as Lord anc 
Savior. Three of these were bap 
tized on June 27. And in addition 
the Smithville Church now has 
the names of several unchurchec 
families to minister to throughou 
the coming year. 

Average attendance for the 
Bible school was 82 children anc 
34 staff. Joyce Zimmerly served as 
the director. 

Flora, Ind. — Ground- 
breaking ceremonies for 
the Livingston Room 
ddition to the Flora 
l>p>thren's Home took 
place on Wednesday 
evening, June 16. The 
new multi-purpose din- 
ing room/chapel is 
named for Rev. William 
Livingston, former ad- 
ministrator of the 

Construction on the 
addition was scheduled 
to begin in July, with 
completion by Novem- 
ber 1 of this year. The 
Livingston Room is 
being built totally from 
gift money, with the 
total cost projected at 


As Gene A. Geaslen, administrator of The Brethren's Home, breaks ground, he\ 
is watched by (standing left to right) Austin Gable, president of the board om 
directors; Martin Rinehart, board member; Bob Segraves, administrative assis-\\: 
tant; William Dutchess, Carl Shirar, Dean Beckner, Dean Shoff, Fred Snyder, alt\' 
board members; and Rev. Alvin Grumbling, pastor of the Flora First Brethren^. 
Church. Also witnessing the ceremonies were Brethren's Home King and Queen,\\\ 
Otho Hildebran and Martha Wise (in wheelchairs) . Comet photo 

The Brethren Evangelist i 


Design for Discipleship is theme 
of Indiana District Conference 

Shipshewana, Ind. — The Indiana 
I District held its 95th conference 
Jjlune 10-12 with the theme "De- 
I feign for Discipleship." Rev. James 
[Sluss, pastor of the Dutchtown 
Brethren Church, moderated the 
I three-day gathering. 

In his moderator's address Fri- 

rpay evening, Rev. Sluss focused on 

[tension within the district that 

1 pas built up over the years. "After 

► experiencing Brethren tension, I 

[came to the personal conclusion 

hhat it might be best to just do 

i iway with the District Conference 

ind let every church do what they 

thought was right in their own 

byes," he said. 

; He went on to say, however, 
I ;hat "the various issues, problems, 
I challenges from year to year 
hvhich serve to create tensions . . . 
[are the materials which should 
i serve to make us strong and sense 
•eal unity." 

I The moderator went on to say 
that the essentials for guarding or 
I keeping our unity in the Spirit are 
iowliness/meekness and longsuf- 
fering/forbearance. "To be sure, 
j;he tensions will always be there," 
iie noted, "but as we experience 
the horizontal tensions of life, God 
tin turn provides the vertical ten- 
sion which makes the entire ex- 
j: berience worthwhile." 

In addition to the moderator's 
address, Rev. Brian Moore, Dr. 
I ?red Finks, and Rev. Ken Goss 
^ presented inspirational addresses 
>n the subpoints of the conference 
heme: "serving, supporting, lov- 
ng and caring." Prior to the mod- 
srator's address on Friday eve- 
ning, the district pastors and 
vives presented the David T. 
Clydesdale musical, The Day He 
\Vore My Crown. 

During the business session 
(Saturday, two items generated 
Considerable discussion. Upon the 
Recommendation of the moderator, 
the conference became the sixth 
jlistrict to approve implementation 
|»f a National Ordination Council 

Theme banner of the Indiana 
District Conference showing the 
"Design for Discipleship." 

as proposed by the 93rd General 
Conference. The conference also 
granted permission allowing "the 
district mission board to enter into 
loans for the purpose of buying 
property for a church site in the 
Carmel area." Both actions re- 
ceived a handful of dissenting 

The conference approved policy 
decisions of the Ministerial and 
Congregational Relations (MCR) 
Board concerning divorced and/or 
remarried pastors. The policy 
states that the board will continue 
to uphold the high biblical stand- 
ards for ministerial candidates 
found in I Timothy 3:1-7 and Titus 

With regard to the situation of 
the South Bend congregation and 
its pastor, the board affirmed the 
following policy: 

"The Brethren Church, histori- 
cally, has recognized that the local 
church in practice is autonomous, 
and that doctrine is corporate. Our 
committee, therefore, finds that 
the local church of South Bend 
continues to peacefully support 
Elder Baker. This is their au- 
tonomous right, which we see as 
redemptive action. 

"But since this practice is con- 
trary to the corporate doctrine of 
the Brethren Church (i.e., the 
Brotherhood has never legally had 
a divorced/remarried Elder); as a 
matter of discipline, our board 
cannot recommend Elder Baker to 
any other Brethren Church and/or 
District in the Brotherhood. 

"We feel this policy agrees with 
the position of the Brethren 
Church as to its Corporate Doc- 
trine, and also affirms the au- 
tonomous right of the local church 
as to its practice." 

Based upon other recommenda- 
tions of the moderator, the con- 

— called for a special 1983 confer- 
ence emphasis on the 100th an- 
niversary of the Progressive 
Brethren movement; 
— recommended Brethren Retreat 
employees Paul and Paula Dear- 
durff to district boards for secre- 
tarial and program assistance 
(this was in response to a 1981 
conference resolution to study the 
feasibility of hiring a district ad- 

Also adopted by the conference 
upon the moderator's recommen- 
dation were actions: 
— asking the MCR Board to con- 
sider giving recognition to full- 
time Christian workers who do not 
sense a call to pastoral ministry; 
— encouraging district churches to 
consider the group insurance plan 
offered by Brotherhood Mutual; 
— requesting that district Breth- 
ren guard the unity of the Spirit in 
the bond of peace in district and 
local relationships. 

The district laymen accepted a 
challenge from the Brethren Re- 
treat Board to raise $2,000 for 
heating the Laymen's Lodge. Dur- 
ing the conference they raised 

New district officers include 

Rev. Alvin Shifflett of Nappanee, 

moderator; and moderator-elect, 

Dr. James Hollinger of Jefferson. 

— Ronald W. Waters 

\UGUST 1982 



Richard Craver named background writer 
for the Brethren Quarterly 

Ashland, Ohio — Rev. Richard 
Craver has been named as back- 
ground writer for The Brethren 
Bible Class Quarterly by the 
Brethren Publishing Company. 
Rev. Craver's "Lesson Back- 
grounds" will begin appearing 
with the fall 1982 issue of the 
quarterly. He replaces Dr. L.E. 
Lindower, who wrote the "Lesson 
Backgrounds" during the past two 

Rev. Craver is pastor of the 
Highland Brethren Church, 
Marianna, Pa., where he has 
served since July 1976. He is a 
graduate of Ashland College (B.A. 
in 1974) and Ashland Theological 
Seminary (M.Div.) in 1977. 

In the Pennsylvania District 
Rev. Craver is a member of the 
Ministerial Examining Board and 
president of the Ministerium. At 
the denominational level he is a 

Rev. Richard Craver 

member of the national Board of 
Christian Education and assistant 
secretary-treasurer of the Na- 
tional Ministerial Association. 

Rev. Craver is married to the 
former Maxine Bates, daughter of 
Rev. and Mrs. Henry Bates of 
Waynesboro, Pa. Rev. Bates, 

Craver's father-in-law, served as 
background writer for the quar- 
terly for 20 years before retiring 
from this responsibility in 1979. 

In commenting on the addition 
of Rev. Craver to the staff, Dick 
Winfield, editor of the quarterly, 
said, "I am very pleased to have 
Dick as one of our three writers for 
the quarterly. He comes to this 
task with excellent academic qual- j | 
ifications, having been an out- 
standing student at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. He has al- 
ready shown himself to be a stu- 
dent of the word and a capable 
writer. I think that with Dick 
writing the backgrounds, Bill 
Anderson continuing to write the 
expositions, and George Solomon 
continuing to provide the applica- 
tions, we have three top-notch 
Brethren men writing for our 


Barbara Willett to Donald Cooper, July 17, at the 
Louisville First Brethren Church; John Brownsberger, 
pastor, officiating. 

Rhonda Boardman to Rick Mylin, June 26, at the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church; Woodrow 
Immel, pastor, officiating. Groom a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 

Teresa Double to John Hackard, June 26, at the 
Meadow Crest Brethren Church; Ralph Gibson, pas- 
tor, officiating. Bride a member of the Meadow Crest 
Brethren Church. 

Kim York to Jeff Graham, June 26, at the Loree 
Brethren Church; Claude Stogsdill, pastor, officiating. 
Bride a member of the Loree Brethren Church. 
Rhonda Fowerbaugh to Tom Penrod, June 20, at 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church; Wood- 
row Immel, pastor, officiating. Groom a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Lorena Koop to Charles Keim, June 20; Rev. 
Raymond Keller officiating. Groom a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Marcia Shafer to Randy Payne, June 20, at the 
Loree First Brethren Church; Claude Stogsdill, pastor, 
officiating. Groom a member of the Loree First Breth- 
ren Church. 
Teresa Vranich to Doug Troup, May 1; Ralph 


Gibson, pastor of the Meadow Crest Brethren Church, 

officiating. Groom a member of the Meadow Crest 

Brethren Church. 

Sharilyn Hanson to Tom Reed, April 24, at the 

Waterloo First Brethren Church; Ron Waters, pastor, 

officiating. Members of the Waterloo First Brethren 


In Memory 

Allen H. Clark, 23, June 24. Member of the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by Wood- 
row Immel, pastor. 

J. Gilbert Farlow, 70, June 22. Member since 1924 
and deacon of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Ser- 
vices by Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 
Gertrude V. Myers, 77, June 13. Member of the 
Cumberland First Brethren Church. Services by 
Bruce Shanholtz, former pastor. 
Howard Lee Thompson, 23, June 12. Member of the 
Corinth Brethren Church. Services by Fred Snyder, 
pastor, and John Louthain. 

Eugene W. Wilson, 66, June 8. Member of the 
Corinth Brethren Church. Services by Rev. G. Bright 

Eva Jane Berkshire, 90, June 3. Member for over 50 
years and deaconess of the Masontown Brethren 
Church. Services by Robert O. Byler, pastor. 

The Brethren Evangelist 



Elmer and Geraldine Tetzlaff, 51st, June 27. Mem- 
bers of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
William and Ruth Meinke, 68th, June 24. Members 
of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Chester and Opal More, 56th, June 20. Members of 
the South Bend First Brethren Church. 

I Art and Babe Boldt, 50th, June 6. Members of the 

' Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

! Mr. and Mrs. Myron Macken, 55th, May 15. Mem- 
bers of the Gratis First Brethren Church. 

, Mr. and Mrs. Stanley R. Cooper, 50th, April 27. 
Members of the Gratis First Brethren Church. 

; Mr. and Mrs. Norman D. Michael, 54th, March 14. 

, Members of the Gratis First Brethren Church. 

i Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Zimmerman, 50th, March 
12. Members of the Gratis First Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Miller, 63rd, February 5. Mem- 
bers of the Gratis First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

North Manchester: 4 by baptism, 1 by transfer 
Smithville: 15 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Brethren Publishing Company 
named in Carmen Kath estate 

Ashland, Ohio — The Brethren Publishing Company 
J has been named as a beneficiary in the estate of 
i Carmen Kath. 

Mrs. Kath passed away in March. She had been a 
longtime member of the Tiosa Brethren Church, ac- 
tive in the teaching ministry and women's organiza- 
tions of the congregation. 

The sum of $300.00 has been assigned to the Breth- 
ren Publications/Home Missions Endowment Fund. 
The purpose of this fund is to provide long-term fund- 
ing for The Brethren Evangelist while at the same 
time making the principal available to new Brethren 
churches through the Brethren Home Missions Re- 
volving Loan Fund. 

"We appreciate the commitment and foresight of 
Brethren like Mrs. Kath," noted Ron Waters, Execu- 
tive Director of the Publishing Company. "Her gift 
through her estate will provide a perpetual ministry 
to and through the Brethren Church." 

Memorial gifts are always welcome for the Breth- 
ren Publications/Home Missions Endowment Fund. 
Such gifts provide a perpetual ministry through the 
Brethren Church in memory of deceased friends or 
loved ones. 

For more information, contact 

Ronald W. Waters 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Gables to celebrate 50th anniversary 

Bunker Hill, Ind. 

— Rev. and Mrs. 
Austin Gable will 
celebrate their fif- 
tieth wedding an- 
niversary with an 
open house at 
the Loree Brethren 
Church on Sunday 
afternoon, August 
22, 1982. 

Rev. Gable is a 
retired Brethren 
minister. He served 
the Denver, Ind., 
Brethren Church 
as pastor in 1945; 
the Denver and Center Chapel Brethren Churches 
from 1946 to 1960; and the Kokomo, Ind., Brethren 
Church from 1960 to 1971. Since 1971 he has filled 
the pulpit for various churches as needed. In addition, 
he currently serves as president of the board of direc- 
tors of the Brethren's Home of Flora, Ind. 

The Gables are the parents of three children and 
have seven grandchildren and two great-grandchil- 


Anti-nuclear movement 


August 1982 

Orchids to David and Timothy Watkins of Louis- 
ville, Ohio, for their comments concerning the 
peaceniks and the anti-nuclear movement in "Letters" 
in the July 1982 issue of The Brethren Evangelist. I 
agree with them 100%. 

In the editor's reply to the Watkins letter he states, 
"... homosexuality and abortion, both of which are 
political as well as moral issues . ..." I am, to say the 
least, surprised that an editor of a Christian magazine 
would even slightly consider homosexuality and abor- 
tion as political issues. Non-Christian journals, I am 
sure, consider these political issues. There is nothing 
political involved here — the Bible is our guide on 
these two issues. 

Richard M. Birch 
Marianna, Pennsylvania 

As Christians, shouldn't the Bible also be our guide 
on the issue of nuclear armaments? Editor 



What can you do 
for $2.00 
a week? 

You Can 

See a movie (better go to the matinee!) 

Have a Big Mac and large drink 

Drive 35 miles 

Read a daily and Sunday newspaper Buy a cup of coffee a day 
Hire the neighbor kid to mow your lawn (if it's a small lawn) 

or . . . 

You can have a part in something of lasting value — something that 
will continue God's work throughout your lifetime and beyond — 
by giving support to the Brethren Publications/Home Missions 
Endowment Fund! 

Make your pledge now 

Use the response form in the recent 
mailing or write to 

Brethren Publications/Home Missions 
Endowment Fund 

The Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone (419) 289-1708 

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V V ^ The Brethren 

Quilting Bee 


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1982 ABCT Seminar Schedule 

1982 ABCT Seminars will be offered on: How to be a More Effective Leader, Church Growth Through th 
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A hive of activity during General 
^Conference was the area where two 
huilts were being stitched by the 
WMS women. The quilts were auc- 
tioned off Friday evening during the 
world Relief banquet (see p. 20). 
For a report of other Conference 
Activities, see pages 8-23. 

Cover design by Howard Mack 

September 1982 

Vol. 104, No. 9 

September 1982 

4 An Organizational Design for the Brethren Church 
Part IV. A Brethren Management Theory 

In the fourth in this series of five articles, Jack L. Oxenrider 
deals with two questions: What is management theory? and 
What kind of management is appropriate for the Brethren 

7 Sources of Authority— Jesus Christ 

Dale R. Stoffer shows why the Brethren have upheld that their 
faith and life center in Jesus Christ. 

8 Five Characteristics of the Church 

The 1982 moderator's address on the spiritual state of the 
churches, by Dr. Frederick J. Finks. 

1982 General Conference Review 
12 Business 

and 1982-83 Conference officers. 


and WMS and Laymen's public services. 

Brethren Youth Convention 

and BYC moderator's address. 

World Relief Banquet 


21 Christian Educators of the Year 

and "Your Conference Quilt". 

22 Conference Inspirational Speaker 

Dr. David Augsburger 

23 Conference Theme Song 

About This Issue 

Included in this issue of The Brethren Evangelist is coverage of 
the 1982 General Conference of the Brethren Church, held August 
9-13 in Ashland, Ohio. This coverage begins on the front cover and 
continues on pages 8-23. 

Because of the extended coverage of Conference in this issue, it 
was not possible to include news about Brethren people and 
churches that usually appears in the "update" section of the 
Evangelist. Look for this material in the October issue. 

Conference photos by John Rowsey and Dick Winfield 

An Organizational Design for the Brethren Church 

Part IV, A Brethren Management Theory 

by Jack L. Oxenrider 

ORGANIZATION is not defined solely by 
structure. Organizational structure is 
important. Therefore, to function effectively 
a leader must know and work within the 
framework of the organizational structure. 

But of equal importance is the leader's per- 
spective of people. Of all the resources a 
leader has at his disposal, the only resource 
that can follow is people. Thus the only re- 
source which can be led is people. 

Leaders lead people 

When one speaks of leadership, one is talk- 
ing of leading people. Therefore, how leaders 
understand people and how they work with 
people is of vital importance. "Of all the 
tasks of management, managing the human 
component is the central and most important 
task, because all else depends upon how well 
it is done." 1 An organization's attitude to- 
ward people is called management theory. 

In the Brethren Church, our attitude con- 
cerning people and their place in the church 
is determined by our theological doctrine 
of redeemed persons. The very concepts of 
mutual responsibility, voluntary accounta- 
bility, and the practice of shared leadership 
are predicated on a view that regenerate 
people are capable of accepting responsibil- 
ity, being accountable, and fulfilling leader- 
ship roles. 

Brethren believe people are capable. "If 
God commands His way, man must be able to 
obey such commandments after experiencing 
rebirth and the restoration of man's freedom 
in God's image. That is the essence of disci- 
pleship." 2 Any person who seeks to fulfill a 
leadership role within a Brethren church 
must reflect this positive view of regenerate 

'Rensis Likert, The Human Organization (New 
York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1967), p. 1. 

2 Robert Friedmann, The Theology of Anabap- 
tism (Scottdale: Herald Press, 1973), p. 60. 

Dr. Oxenrider is senior pastor of the Jefferson 
Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind. 

people to be an effective leader. The effective 
functioning of The Brethren Church depends; 
upon effective leaders who recognize the 
value of the collaborative organizational de- 
sign and who share the leadership of the 
church with others who are considered 

The Brethren Church has a very high view 
of its membership. It sees members as 
priests, ministers, and disciples. Therefore 
the ministry, government, and leadership ol 
the church are mutually shared by the mem- 
bership. Because membership is not earned 
or granted as a privilege, but is the result oi 
a voluntary confession of faith in Jesus 
Christ as Lord, there is no membership 
hierarchy. Because the church is a covenant 
community among equals, a high degree ol 
responsibility and accountability to one 
another results. 

Finally, because the real authority of the 
church is centered in Christ, the word, and 
the Holy Spirit, it is the responsibility of the 
entire church to be receptive and obedient to 
the words of Scripture, the counsel of the 
"body," and the leading of the Holy Spirit in 
its planning, direction, worship, fellowship, 
and ministry. 

It is at this specific point that we find 
noticeable difference in the leadership style 
that is appropriate for The Brethren Church. 
It is from the very essence of The Brethren 
Church as a Believers' Church that a shared 
leadership emerges. 

What is management theory? 

Management theory and organizational 
design go hand in hand. In fact, they are so 
interrelated that it is difficult to determine 
which comes first. An organizational design 
assumes a management theory, but a man- 
agement theory is defined by an organiza- 
tion. The theory is the assumption which the 
organization holds concerning human na- 
ture, potential, and capability. 

An organization which perceives people as 

The Brethren Evangelist 

lazy, ignorant, and clumsy will relate to its 

people accordingly and design a structure 

that treats them as such. In this kind of 

organization, few people will be allowed an 

! opportunity to participate in leadership. 

Authority will be put into the hands of a 

select few who seem to be more capable than 

: the average person in the organization. Such 

: a low view of people requires a highly- 

j centralized and controlled organizational 

design to control and direct the people. 

On the other hand, The Brethren Church, 
i with its high view of regenerate persons, will 
\ be able to operate on assumptions that re- 
i quire less control and allow more group and 
! personal freedom. Because regenerate people 
\ are seen as capable disciples of Christ who 
I are motivated by the Spirit and able to fulfill 
i significant roles of ministry, the organiza- 
! tional design can be mutually cooperative 
i and leadership can be shared. 

Autocratic management theory 

Around 1900, Frederick W. Taylor 
pioneered a movement for autocratic leader- 
: ship. His management theory and style of 
\ leadership have been designated by Douglas 
( McGregor as "Theory X." Three fundamental 
i assumptions govern this theory. They are: 

1. The average human being has an inher- 
ent dislike of work and will avoid it if he can. 

2. Therefore, most people must be coerced, 
controlled, directed, and threatened with 
punishment if management is to get them to 
put forth adequate efforts toward the achieve- 
ment of organizational objectives. 

3. The average human prefers to be directed, 
wishes to avoid responsibility, has relatively 
little ambition, and wants security above all. 3 

Douglas McGregor suggested that these 
assumptions were inadequate. He proposed a 
new theory of management, which he labeled 
"Theory Y." The underlying assumptions of 
his theory are: 

1. The expenditure of physical and mental 
effort in work is as natural as play or rest. 

2. External controls and the threat of 
punishment are not the only means to bring 
about effort toward organizational objectives. 
Man will exercise self-direction and self-con- 
trol, in the service of the objectives to which he 
is committed. 

3. Commitment to objectives is a function of 
rewards and associated with their achieve- 

4. The average human being learns, under 
proper conditions, not only to accept but to seek 

3 Robert N. Gray, Managing the Church, Vol. I (Enid, 
Okla.: Phillips University Press, 1971), p. 110. 

5. The capacity to exercise a relatively high 
degree of imagination, ingenuity, and creativ- 
ity in the solution of organizational problems is 
widely, not narrowly, distributed in the popula- 

6. Under the conditions of modern, indus- 
trial life, the intellectual potentiality of the 
average human being is being partially uti- 
lized. 4 

Note that McGregor does make some posi- 
tive adjustments in his assumptions. 
Nevertheless, he remains aligned with a di- 
rective structure. 

A great deal of the management theory 
and practice that is taught in the Christian 
church today has been assimilated from 
Taylor's and McGregor's views of autocratic 
leadership. It must be understood, however, 
that these management principles are in- 
adequate for The Brethren Church. Why? 
Because they do not reflect the Brethren 
hope for redeemed people. 

In the spring of 1981 William Ouchi pub- 
lished a different management theory. He 
did so in a work in which he addressed the 
question of how American business can best 
meet the Japanese challenge. He contended 
that the difference between the two industri- 
al systems is conceptual. Japanese society 
and industry are not based on Theory X or Y, 
but on an entirely different set of assump- 
tions, which he called Theory Z. These as- 
sumptions are: 

1. Trust is a key element of manage- 
ment. Productivity and trust go hand in 

2. Productivity is a social problem. Pro- 
ductivity can be worked out through coor- 
dinating individual efforts and by giving 
people the incentive to do so by taking a 
cooperative long-range view. 

3. Relationships between people are 
complex and changing. A leader who 
knows his people well can pinpoint per- 
sonalities and make decisions that take 
these factors into consideration. 

4. Intimacy of relationships is neces- 
sary. Caring and support come through 
close social relationships. 5 

There are lessons to be learned for the 
leadership and management of The Brethren 
Church from Theories X, Y, and Z. Neverthe- 
less, it is time for the church to abandon 
these theories of management, for they are 

(continued on next page) 

Tbid., pp. 110-111. 

5 William Ouchi, Theory Z: How American Business 
Can Meet the Japanese Challenge (Reading, Miss.: 
Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1981), pp. 5-9. 

September 1982 

"Any person who seeks to fulfill 
a leadership role within a Brethren 
church must reflect this positive 
view of regenerate people to be 
an effective leader.'' 

based on nonbiblical and humanistic prem- 
ises. The church must espouse a new theory 
that assumes the fundamental principles of 
The Brethren Church, a theory of manage- 
ment based upon a theology that recognizes 
the potential of regenerate persons. 

A Brethren management theory 

On the basis of my examination of the New 
Testament church and Scripture, study of 
leadership, research into the tradition and 
polity of The Brethren Church, and experi- 
ence as pastor of the Jefferson Brethren 
Church, I would like to propose a new theory 
of leadership. This theory is developed in 
partial contrast to Theories X, Y, and Z, and 
is presented as a theory of leadership which 
expresses assumptions of church leadership 
and organization that are consistent with the 
tradition and polity of The Brethren Church. 
Its assumptions are: 

1. A personal God. There is a God who 
exists, who created the universe, who is 
free to act in the flow of history, and who 
communicates with people in understand- 
able ways. 

2. A divine image. People are made in 
the image of God and are not the slaves of 
the universe. They can act, make choices 
within the flow of history, and effect 

3. A Christian experience. People can 
know God and His will through commit- 
ment to Jesus Christ. Therefore they can 
discover significance, purpose, and goals 
for their lives which will lead them to 
exercise self-direction and self-control in a 
commitment of service and love toward 
God, others, and self. 

4. A Holy Spirit motivation. Every be- 
liever has the Spirit-implanted potential 
and desire to be involved in works of love 
and service. They will become involved, if 
they can, in the work of ministry. 

5. A response of love. People do not 
need to be coerced, controlled, directed, or 
threatened because they will voluntarily 
commit themselves to Christian ministry. 
They will exercise a high degree of imagi- 
nation, ingenuity, and creativity if they 
have the proper training and if they can 

find places where their involvement in 
ministry is needed. 

6. A joyful service. Average believers, 
because of the indwelling presence of the 
Holy Spirit and their commitment to the 
living Christ, will accept responsibilitiy 
and will allow themselves to be held ac- 
countable to a responsive and loving 

7. A successful hope. Trust, intimacy, 
purpose, responsbility and accountability 
are essential elements of successful minis- 
try within the church. To the degree that 
energy is spent to maintain these ele- 
ments in the church, growth and success 
within the ministry will result. To the de- 
gree they are allowed to deteriorate, the 
organization of the church will fall into 
disorder, and productivity will diminish. 

The accusation will be made by some that 
such a theory of leadership and church or- 
ganization is impractical and idealistic — that 
it fails to take into account the fact that the 
church exists in a fallen world and that there 
are problems of carnality within the church. 
These charges are false. The Brethren 
Church grew out of a reaction to these very 
problems within the world and the institu- 
tional church. It was a reaction to these very 
things that gave birth to the Anabaptists 
and, later, the German Pietists, both of 
which are parent movements to The Breth- 
ren Church. 

Presuppositions of faith 

The presuppositions behind these princi- 
ples are the basis of their power and signifi- 
cance. It is a presupposition of faith, the faith 
of Brethren-Anabaptist anthropology. It is a 
perspective of faith that sees the world, the 
church, and people not merely as they are, 
but as they can become in the power of the 
Holy Spirit. 

It is a perspective of training, which be- 
lieves that people become what they believe 
they are. If people see themselves as capable, 
they become increasingly capable; if they 
see themselves as incapable, their abilities 

Finally, it is an anthropology of hope that 
believes that the power of the resurrection is 
not just a theological axiom. It maintains 
that Jesus Christ, who died on the cross, is 
alive and that this living Christ literally in- 
dwells people by His Spirit and produces ef- 
fective change in their lives. [+] 

(Next Issue: "Part V. Defining Church- 
Pastor Relationships.") 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

Sources of Authority— Jesus Christ 

LAST month we began our study of Brethren 
sources of authority by noting that it is 
J God's primary purpose in human history to 
Iform a people for Himself. It is this theme that 
{unites both the Old and New Testaments. It is 
(likewise this theme that explains why God is so 
'.longsuffering and patient in dealing with a hu- 
jmanity that is rebellious, disobedient, and self- 
i centered. God remains faithful even if we are 
Ifaithless (II Tim. 2:13). 

Even though God is a loving God, He is also a 
I holy God who cannot simply turn His back on 
jsin. Sin must be dealt with. This is the di- 
lemma: how can a loving God who desires to 
enter into fellowship with His people do so 
when they are continually straying from His 
'will? It is only in Jesus Christ, God's own Son, 
[that the divine purpose for humanity can be 
(fulfilled in a way that upholds both God's love 
| and His holiness. This is why God's purposes 
•for mankind foreknown from eternity included 
the sacrifice of His own Son (Acts 2:23; I Pet. 
1:19-20; Rev. 13:8). So great is God's commit- 
jment to those made in His image that He did 
not even spare His own Son to bring us into His 
family (Rom. 8:32)! 

It is therefore in Jesus Christ that God's 
plans for humanity are brought to perfect com- 
pletion. Jesus Christ, by His life, death, and 
resurrection, has made possible for us that inti- 
mate fellowship with God for which we were 
created. By His life Christ exemplified the new 
life to which we are called; by His death He 
made possible renewed fellowship with the 
Father; by His resurrection He revealed the 
power that is available to us and paved the way 
for our victory over the grave. 

The uniqueness of the Brethren view of 
Christ's work of salvation lies in the fact 
that Brethren give as much emphasis to 
Christ's life as to His death. Jesus' life and 
teachings exhibit the highest qualities of the 

This is the third article in this series on "Learning From 
Our Heritage." Both the series and its writer, Dr. Dale 
Stoffer, were introduced in last month's Evangelist. 

September 1982 

godly life to which His disciples are called: 
obedience, love, self-sacrifice, humility, service 
(see, for example, John 13:1-20; Phil. 2:5-11). 
Christ's sacrificial and substitutionary death, 
however, become the sole means by which our 
sins can be forgiven. 

It is only through Christ that we can become 
a part of God's people. By turning from our 
former way of life (repentance) and responding 
to Christ in faith and commitment, we become 
incorporated into His body. The Brethren have 
strongly emphasized with James, however, that 
a faith that saves will be a faith that works 
(James 2:14-16). Salvation involves a new crea- 
tion (II Cor. 5:17) by which we are transformed 
more and more into the character of Christ. 
This is why the Brethren have so emphasized 
the example of Jesus and why the Christian life 
is so frequently described in terms of obedience, 
discipleship to Christ, and abiding in Christ. 

Given the above truths, it is not difficult to 
understand why the Brethren have upheld that 
their faith and life center in Jesus Christ. 
Salvation and fellowship with God are to be 
found only in and through Christ. This view- 
point is not narrow-minded, but takes the 
words of Jesus and the apostles at their face 
value (John 14:6; Acts 4:12). It recognizes Jesus 
as God's unique Son who alone can show us the 
Father. Because Jesus bears this relationship 
to the Father, we are wise to look to His words 
and example to understand what is expected of 
us as God's adopted children. 

Christlikeness, therefore, becomes the goal of 
the Christian life. The means of reaching this 
goal is a love known by its obedience and faith- 
fulness. Those who are truly committed to 
Jesus Christ as their Savior and Lord will ex- 
press their love for Him in their actions. With- 
out these visible fruits, the very nature of our 
commitment to Christ is brought into question 
(see the sobering words of Jesus in Matt. 7:15- 
23). Let us, therefore, look to Jesus Christ as 
the center of our faith and so model our lives 
after His that we may bring honor to His name, 
by which we are called. [t] 

A few of Moderator Finks 
many poses as he presided over 
the 1982 General Conference 


Five Characteristics 
of the Church 

The 1982 moderator's report on the spiritual 
state of the churches, by Dr. Frederick J. 

GREETINGS in the matchless name of Jesus the Christ, 
the Son of the Living God, who gives us meaning to life, 
who offers us peace in a strife torn world, and who instills in 
us hope for the age to come. 

As we gather from all across our nation for this, the 94th 
General Conference of the Brethren Churches, let us be so in- 
clined as to edify our theme of being "Members in One Body," 
being careful to let our love be genuine. Let us "Rejoice with 
those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep, living in 
harmony with one another." 

I must begin by expressing my gratitude to many. First and 
foremost is my family — Holly, Alyson, and Jonathan, who 
provide for me day after day unending love from which I gain 
great strength and determination. I am indebted to them for 
their patience and support as I have traveled all over the 
States without them. 

I also extend my gratitude to the Winding Waters Brethren 
Church, who provided my foundation for ministry. Under 
their guidance for the past 10 years, I have broadened my 
horizons and deepened my faith. Their love and friendship 
will always be etched upon my life, and whatever I do will be 
a reflection of their love. They, too, shared me with the Breth- 
ren, allowing me to minister in a larger field while at the 
same time never ceasing to encourage and uplift me. 

I also wish to express my thanks and appreciation to the 
Brethren who are dispersed, who opened their homes, their 
churches, and their lives and invited me in. I was never once 
treated as a stranger, but as a brother, and thus felt their 
friendship and love as members of one another. I am indeed 
indebted to the Brethren. 

I also give hearty appreciation to my fellow colleagues of 
the Executive Committee and national offices for their hard 
work and commitment to the Brethren churches. 

As moderator, I am to give some kind of assessment of the 
spiritual state of the churches. This in itself proves to be an 
insurmountable task. Even though I visited every district con- 
ference and worshiped in several individual churches, I have 
no measured way of determining the health of our denomina- 
tion. To assume that I have become an expert in spirituality 
because of my position as moderator or because I have visited 

This address was delivered on Tuesday morning of Conference 
week. Dr. Finks, the 1982 General Conference moderator, is vice-pres- 
ident of Ashland Theological Seminary. Until May of this year, he 
was pastor of the Winding Waters Brethren Church, Elkhart, Ind. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

We must, as Brethren, venture into new areas, large 
cities and suburbs with the gospel. We need to renew 
the pioneer spirit of the early Brethren who settled 
the New Land and spread across the nation for the 
glory of God and the cause of Christ/ 9 

each conference would be as foolish as to as- 
sume that a general practitioner could do 
open heart surgery or brain surgery because 
he is a doctor. 

I have, however, gained some insights both 
|as to the mission of the church and to the 
world in which we are sent to minister. To- 
gether we must determine our spiritual state 
in relationship to the success or failure of our 
part in this mission. 

The World Condition 

First, let me give you the condition of the 
world as I see it. (You must likewise under- 
stand that this comes from my limited per- 
spective and is thus likely not to correspond 
with that of the great philosophers of our 
age.) I perceive the greatest problem of the 
world to be a spiritual one and therefore no 
amount of humanism, no matter how proud 
or wise, can adequately respond to its cry for 
help. The answer alone lies with God, who 
has sent the church to respond in His name. 

Let me give you an example of the world 
condition. A group of graduate students in 
psychology were touring the computer room 
of a large Texas university. The lady in 
charge of the group pointed to one of the 
machines and said, "Here is a simple model. 
You can talk to it through that typewriter. 
Ask it anything you want." One student sat 
down and typed out, "Howdy" (that's "Hello" 
Texas style). In less time than it took him to 
type that, the machine began to type back, 
"Hello, there. Welcome to the University of 
Texas!" When it stopped, the young student 
sat there for a moment and then said rather 
wistfully, "That's the warmest thing that has 
been said to me around here in three years." 
And even though everyone laughed, they 
knew too painfully that it was true. The 
human kindness that so many no longer had 
time for was programmed into a computer to 
motivate students. 

Psychiatrists Rosenbaum, Shainers, and 
Wenkert all agree that the most dangerous 
and widespread illness in America today is 

September 1982 

poignant loneliness. Oh, we attempt to create 
an illusion of intimacy and happiness, but 
that is all it is — an illusion. 

Madison Avenue has told us that we will 
be extremely happy if we buy certain prod- 
ucts. We can be assured of greater friendship 
if we use Close Up toothpaste. No one will 
turn their back on us if we use Scope mouth- 
wash. Who could dare argue that Right 
Guard provides the kind of protection to keep 
us from underarm wetness. Yes, we'll be 
widely accepted in Pierre Cardin ties or Guc- 
chi designs or Jordache Jeans. In fact, the 
world is very likely to beat a path to our 
doors if we wear Brute aftershave or Cie 

Well, we try it and do you know what we 
discover? We're still lonely, desolate people 
in need of being loved. 

One day soon we will have computerized 
kitchens that scramble the eggs, toast the 
bread, make the coffee, and set the table. 
When we walk bleary-eyed from the bed- 
room, we will hear our little computer say, 
"Good morning, Fred [or sweetheart or hand- 
some — or whatever turns you on], and how 
are you this bright and cheerful morning?" 
And we will still be lonely. 

I have watched people time and time again 
slip into our churches desperate for someone 
to reach out and love them, and when that 
does not happen they slip back out again, 
perhaps lost forever. 

A God-Shaped Vacuum 

My spiritual assessment of the world is 
that there is a multitude of lonely people just 
waiting for someone to care about them. The 
answer is for the church to respond. I under- 
stand the church to be God's instrument in 
the world called to respond to this loneliness. 
Within every human being is what Nicky 
Cruz once called "the God-shaped vacuum." 
Only God can fill that particular void, and 
He has sent the church into this lonely, des- 
perate, hurting world to share His love 
and compassion. (continued on next page) 

Has the church been faithful in responding 
to this mission? You have to be the judge, be- 
cause you are the church. Let me share with 
you five characteristics of the church. 

I. The Church is a Chosen People 

God has called us to be part of the most ex- 
citing movement on the face of this earth — 
His church. I don't know how that makes you 
feel, but it makes me feel great. 

When I was a kid growing up in Maurer- 
town, I was the youngest and the greatest 
klutz around. Whenever we played ball in 
the field next to our house, I was the last to 
be chosen. Even then, it wasn't the greatest. 
Someone would say, "You can have him." 
But with God, He stands undefied and un- 
ashamedly says, "I want you." And that 
makes me feel great. 

First Peter 2:10 describes our situation 
this way: "Once you were not a people, but 
now you are God's people . . . ." But being 
part of God's special people means a lot more 
than clinging to the family name. It demands 
responsibility. To me that means that the 
church should not be cloistered away, but, in 
fact, be established in the very marketplaces 
of people's lives. The church dare not play its 
exclusive game while there are still people 
whom God wants added to His family. 

The Brethren have one painful example of 
this when Conrad Beissel set up Ephrata and 
practiced celibacy. As with any movement 
that turns within, it soon died. If as God's 
chosen people, we as Brethren are not ready 
and willing to expand our family circle, we 
too, are headed toward death. 

II. The Church is a Pilgrim People 

That means we are never to be station- 
ary — standing still. We all know what hap- 
pens to a puddle of water that has no new 
source of life flowing into it — it becomes 
stagnant and putrid. 

As a pilgrim people, we are always to be 
journeying, always in a process of becoming. 
As Christians we never arrive, but always 
push on toward the prize of the higher call- 
ing of Christ. 

As pilgrim people, we are never to be satis- 
fied with the status quo. We desire chal- 
lenge — we long to be stretched to our limits 
and beyond for the cause of Christ. It means 

we are to be creative and innovative. It! 
means that we strive for a more committed; 
life, never resting on past laurels. 

Until recently the Brethren have been 
guilty of stagnation. We have watched si- 1 
lently as many of our once large and mighty; 
congregations have suffered problems and 

Instead of a pilgrim people, we became a 
complacent people. But there are positive 
signs ahead, under the bold plan of church 
planting. We must, as Brethren, venture into 
new areas, large cities and suburbs with the 
gospel. We need to renew the pioneer spirit 
of the early Brethren who settled the New 
Land and spread across the nation for the 
glory of God and the cause of Christ. 

III. The Church is a Covenant People 

That means that we have something in 
common. As marriage vows speak of an un- 
dying commitment to marriage partners, so 
we have covenanted with God. Our cove- 
nant is the same as that with Abraham. "I 
shall be your God, and you shall be my 
people." It is a covenant of newness sealed by 
Christ and His love for us. 

As a covenant people, we are bound not 
only to God but also to one another. The 
early Brethren captured that idea in their 
German word, Geminschaft — community. 
They shared their resources willingly and 
unselfishly. Theirs was a commitment un- 
shattered by threat or force or famine. 

We have seen this kind of commitment 
exhibited just recently by the New Lebanon 
Brethren Church. They mortgaged their 
church building to provide $30,000 to the 
new church in Columbus. That's, indeed, an 
expression of a covenant among brethren. 

Many of our churches sit with their build- 
ings already paid off. There are no chal- 
lenges or needs to instill Christian steward- 
ship. We are not anywhere near our limits as 
Brethren. We have vast resources from 
which to draw. Let us be determined to seek 
creative and innovative ways to share our re- 
sources with one another. 

IV. The Church is a Witnessing People 

From the Apostle John: "What was from 
the beginning, what we have heard, what we 
have seen with our eyes, what we beheld and 

'The church dare not play its exclusive game while 
there are still people whom God wants added to His 
family. " 


The Brethren Evangelist 

'We are not anywhere near our limits as Brethren. We 
have vast resources from which to draw. Let us be 
determined to seek creative and innovative ways to 
share our resources with one another." 

our hands handled, concerning the Word of 
Life — and the life was manifested, and we 
have seen and bear witness and proclaim to 
you the eternal life, which was with the 
Father and was manifested to us — what we 
have seen and heard we proclaim to you also, 
that you also may have fellowship with us; 
and indeed our fellowship is with the Father, 
and with His Son Jesus Christ. And these 
things we write, so that our joy may be made 
complete" (I John 1:1-4, NASB). 

The church has a message, and we must 
get the word out. Our witnessing role must 
not be a passive one — "Try to guess if I'm a 
Christian." We have a mandate for ministry: 
we are to be witnesses not of a dead man who 
was righteous, but of the living Christ who 
makes the difference in our lives today. 

It is my impression of the church that we 
are too content with what we are instead of 
what we should be. No one would sit pas- 
sively by while a car out of control was 
headed toward an innocent child. We would 
scream or shout or risk our own lives to save 
that child. 

Can we do any less to a world headed to- 
ward destruction. At every Conference every 
year we are confronted with our failure to 
evangelize, and each year we set goals to win 
more. But I fear we are only mouthing the 
words and do not really believe nor pursue 

We are surrounded by non-Christians and 
yet are doing nothing of any significance to 
reach them. Our attitude is basically, Let 
them come to us. But they don't and they 
won't. We must go to them. 

V. The Church is a Holy People 

We are not holy in ourselves — not self- 
righteous by our own merit, but made 
worthy by Him who is worthy unto Him- 
self — Jesus Christ. 

The biblical demand for holiness leaves 
room for nothing else. First Peter 1:15: "You 
shall be holy, for I am holy." Ephesians 5:27: 
The church should be without spot or 
wrinkle or any such thing that she might be 
holy and without blemish. 

Let us, as Brethren, guard ourselves, lest 
we destroy the credibility of our witness. But 
let us not mask ourselves in false piety or 

September 1982 

purity. Instead, let us conform to the image 
of Christ and reflect His love and concern. 
Then let us commit ourselves, through His 
holiness, to the purpose of our calling — to 
share God's love and His message of salva- 
tion to all. 

So here we are meeting in such a way as to 
confirm our brotherhood, strengthen our 
base, and be drawn together as a people for 
the glory of God. We are the church, His 
church, rejoicing in Christ, strengthened by 
His presence, being led in a renewal both 
personally and corporately that together we 
might embrace the world around us with the 
love of Christ. For indeed we are members of 
Christ's body and individually members of 
one another. [t] 

Moderator's Recommendations 

At the conclusion of his moderator's address, 
Dr. Finks presented the following recommen- 
dations to the Conference. 

1. That the Brethren churches seek creative 
and innovative ways to plant and support 
new churches, such as that pioneered by the 
New Lebanon Church, and that the Breth- 
ren churches continue their positive thrust 
in this area. 

2. That each congregation shall pay annually 
to the General Conference its full apportion- 
ment, and that no delegate be seated from a 
church in which its conference apportion- 
ment has not been paid, unless forgiven by 
Conference, as was pioneered by the 
Pennsylvania District Conference. 

3. That each district conference provide more 
time for the denominational boards and con- 
cerns at their district gatherings. The time 
and expense of personnel traveling to each 
district conference for a five to ten minute 
presentation is not good stewardship, nor is 
it adequate time to share our national and 
international concerns. 

4. That each congregation be encouraged to be 
serious about the mission of evangelism. I 
do not propose that we adopt any snappy 
slogan or play with numbers, but that we 
wholeheartedly dedicate ourselves to seek- 
ing the lost and that this be reflected in 
everything that we do. 

For Conference action on these four recom- 
mendations, see the section on Moderator's 
recommendations on page 12. 


Members in One Body 

A review of the 94th General 
Conference of The Brethren Church 

It seems appropriate that one of the highlights of a Con- 
ference that had as its theme "Members in One Body" 
was the quilting of two Brethren heirloom quilts. Each of 
these quilts was comprised of many different squares. 
These squares had been made by the various WMS 
groups of our denomination. Yet, all these squares, when 
stitched together, became one quilt. Even so, we being 
many, are one body in Christ. 

Like the WMS quilts, General Conference itself was 
made up of many different parts. It included inspirational 
sessions, public services, times of fellowship, luncheons, 
business sessions, the closing banquet, and many other 

On this and the following pages some of the pieces that 
made up this year's Conference are described. Not all the 
parts are considered, for that was not possible in the 
space available. But it is hoped that what is here pre- 
sented will suffice to give those of you who were not able 
to attend Conference an overview of the week, and will re- 
mind those of you who did attend of the many blessings 
you experienced. 




H i m 


Brethren Church 



The Conference banner was 
painted by Howard Mack, a member 
of Park Street Brethren Church. 

Conference Business Sessions 

A total of 481 delegates regis- 
tered for the 94th General Con- 
ference of the Brethren Church. 
These delegates met each morn- 
ing, Tuesday through Friday, to 
conduct the business of the de- 

On this and the following 
three pages is a report of the sig- 
nificant actions taken by the 
Conference delegates. In addi- 
tion to these actions, delegates 
elected officers and members 
of the various denominational 
boards and committees and 
heard and accepted reports of the 
various boards and ministries of 
the church. 

Moderator's recommenda- 
tions. At the conclusion of his 
moderator's address, Dr. Fred 
Finks made four recommenda- 
tions to the Conference (see page 

11). These were first reviewed by 
Executive Committee and then 
brought before the Conference 
for action. Following are the 
moderator's recommendations as 
revised by Executive Committee, 
and the action taken on each by 
the Conference. 

1. Executive Committee rec- 
ommends that the Brethren 
churches in cooperation with the 
Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church and district mission 
boards seek creative and innova- 
tive ways to plant and support 
new churches, such as that 
pioneered by the New Lebanon 
Church, and that the Brethren 
Church continue its positive 
thrust in this area. This recom- 
mendation was accepted by the 

2. Executive Committee recom- 

mends that each congregation 
pay annually to General Confer- 
ence its full apportionment and 
delegate fees and that no delegate 
be seated from a church which 
has not paid its full Conference 
apportionment and delegate fees 
for the previous year unless that 
church is forgiven that obligation 
by Conference. After some dis- 
cussion of this recommendation, 
a motion was made to amend it 
by deleting the words, unless 
that church is forgiven that obli- 
gation by Conference. This 
amendment was defeated. Fol- 
lowing additional discussion, the 
original recommendation was 
also defeated. 

3. Executive Committee recom- 
mends that districts maximize 
the opportunities to involve de- 
nominational representatives in 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the fee be increased to $11 even 
for a five-day Conference in 

the activities of their conferences. 
This recommendation was ac- 
cepted by Conference. 

4. Executive Committee recom- 
mends that a progress report on 
the 5 year growth goal adopted at 

i the 1981 General Conference be 

I included in the 1983 statistical 
report. This recommendation 

(was likewise accepted. 

Budgets. Conference ap- 
proved the following budget for 
The Brethren Church, Inc., for 

(1983. This budget is based on 
maintaining the current appor- 
tionment of $5.75 per church 
growth index point. 


1983 Apportionment 







Interest Earned 


Miscellaneous Income 





Pastoral Ministries 


Information Services 


General Conference Subsidy 


Church Relations 





Denominational Business 



Contribution to the National 

Association of Evangelicals 1,000 



Also approved was the follow- 
ing budget for the 1983 General 
Conference — which, in celebra- 
tion of the 100th anniversary of 
The Brethren Church, will be a 
six-day rather than the usual 
five-day meeting. To cover the 
cost of this Conference, delegates 
also voted to set the 1983 dele- 
gate fee at $15 ($5 toward travel 
subsidy and $10 toward Confer- 
ence expenses). This represents 
an $8 increase over the 1982 del- 
egate fee. It should be noted, 
however, that due to increased 
costs of Conference, Executive 
Committee had proposed that 

September 1982 



$ 6,000 






$1 1 ,600 



$ 2,700 















Report of the Task Force on 
Ashland College. The 93rd 
General Conference called for 
the appointment of a task force 
"to study options and alterna- 
tives that the Brethren Church 
has with regard to our future 
with Ashland College, including 
methods by which the voice of 
the Brethren can be more 
strongly heard and listened to, 
or any other recommendations it 
sees as necessary." Following 
last year's Conference, Mod- 
erator Fred Finks appointed the 
General Conference Executive 
Committee to serve as this task 

In its report, the Executive 
Committee reviewed the histori- 
cal relationship between Ash- 
land College and the Brethren 
Church, and brought recommen- 
dations concerning ways to 
strengthen that relationship. 
The report noted that the pri- 
mary tie between the Brethren 
churches and the college admin- 
istration has been through the 
Board of Trustees, with repre- 
sentation given to the districts 
by district nominations for the 
Board of Trustees. The constitu- 
tion of Ashland College provides 
that the majority of the trustees 
are to be elected from the constit- 
uency of the Brethren Church. 

The report went on to say that 
a great opportunity exists for 
both the college and the church. 
In order for the church to meet 

this opportunity, the report rec- 
ommended that a covenant re- 
lationship be established be- 
tween General Conference and 
Ashland College. 

The report suggested that as 
party to such a covenant, the 
church would — 

" — . . . admonish, encourage, and 
pray for the college and its out- 

" — support the college finan- 
cially, particularly the areas 
that strengthen the Christian 
life and witness on the campus 
. . . , 

" — encourage young men and 
women of the Brethren Church 
to attend Ashland College;" 
" — select qualified persons for 
nomination to the Board of Trus- 
tees who would be held responsi- 
ble to report to district confer- 

The report likewise suggested 
that as party to this covenant, 
the college would — 
" — meet with officers of the Gen- 
eral Conference to maintain a 
dialogue in regard to the church 
and college relationship;" 
" — seek to provide a continuance 
of fiscal aid to Brethren stu- 
dents, such as tuition discounts 
to children of Brethren elders, 
and scholarships to Brethren 
students ($176,410 was given to 
Brethren students in the 1981- 
82 school year);" 
" — maintain an active Christian 
witness" on campus through the 
Office of Religious Affairs and 
various Christian groups and ac- 
tivities on campus. 
" — abide by the General Confer- 
ence approved Fair Share Giv- 

This report generated consid- 
erable discussion, but was ac- 
cepted by the Conference. 

Lawsuit. During the Thurs- 
day morning business session, 
delegates were informed by Mod- 


erator-Elect Donald Rinehart 
that The Brethren Church and 
the Benevolent Board of The 
Brethren Church have been 
named in a lawsuit by L. Robert 
Kimball and Associates of 
Ebensburg, Pa. The suit asks for 
a judgment in the amount of 

The suit was brought by Kim- 
ball and Associates for architec- 

tural, engineering, and survey 
work they allegedly performed 
for Brethren Care, Inc., of the 
Pennsylvania District. The work 
was in anticipation of the con- 
struction of Brethren Laurel 
Manor, a retirement community 
in Vinco, Pa., planned by Breth- 
ren Care, Inc., of the Pennsyl- 
vania District. That project was 
halted in 1980 when the Depart- 

New Conference Officers 

ment of Housing and Urban D<j 
velopment (HUD) withdrew il 
approval of a loan for Brethrel 
Laurel Manor. (See October 198: 
Brethren Evangelist.) 

A judgment against Brethre 
Care, Inc., of the Pennsylvanil 
District was awarded by th! 
Cambria County Common Plea 
Court in 1980 in the amount c 
$338,649.88. Brethren Can 
Inc., of the Pennsylvania Distric! 
has been unable to satisfy thaj 
judgment. (continued next pagt] 

Dr. Donald Rinehart is the 
new General Conference mod- 
erator for the Brethren Church. 
He takes this position after serv- 
ing during the past year as mod- 

Dr. Rinehart is associate pro- 
fessor of religion at Ashland Col- 
lege and also dean of the col- 
lege's School of Arts and 
Humanities. He is himself a 
graduate of Ashland College, 
having received his B.S. in edu- 
cation degree in 1959. He also 
has a master of education degree 
from the University of Arizona, 
a master of divinity degree from 
Ashland Theological Seminary, 
and a doctor of ministry degree 
from ATS. Before joining the col- 
lege faculty in 1969, he served 
from 1965 to 1969 as pastor of 
the Smithville Brethren Church. 

Dr. Rinehart and his wife, Jan 
(Klingensmith), have three chil- 

Chaplain (LTC) Eugene Beek- 
ley was chosen as the new mod- 
erator-elect by the Conference. 
When he becomes the 1983-84 
moderator, it will be his second 
time to serve in this office. His 
first term was in 1951. 

Now retired, Beekley served 
six Brethren churches and 20 
years as an Air Force chaplain 
during his years of active minis- 
try. He began his pastoral work 
at Glenford, Ohio, while a stu- 
dent at Ashland College and 
Theological Seminary. This was 
followed by service at Brush Val- 
ley, Pa.; West Alexandria, Ohio; 

The 1982-83 Conference officers are (left to right) Moderator-Elect Eugene\ 
Beekley, Asst. Treas. James F. Black, Asst. Sec. Grace Grumbling, Secretary', 
Fred Horn, Sr., Moderator Donald Rinehart, Treasurer Roger Geaslen, 
Statistician James Hollinger, Statutory Agent Arden Gilmer, and past 
Moderator Fred Finks. Standing with their backs to the camera are some of 
the former moderators who have served the Brethren Church. 

Canton, Ohio; and Warsaw, Ind. 
It was from Warsaw that he 
went into the chaplaincy. He re- 
tired from the chaplaincy in 
1973, then served as pastor of 
the Park Street Brethren 
Church for six years before retir- 
ing from the pastoral ministry in 
June 1979. 

Chaplain Beekley and his 
wife, Peggy, are the parents of 
two sons. Their older son, 
Charles, is Director of Christian 
Education for the Brethren 

Other newly elected Confer- 
ence officers were: 
— Treasurer, Roger Geaslen. 
Though new to this position, Mr. 
Geaslen is not new to a General 
Conference office, having served 
as assistant treasurer during the 
past year. He is a member of the 
Hagerstown Brethren Church. 

— Assistant treasurer, James F 
Black. Mr. Black is known tc 
many Brethren as manager ol 
The Carpenter's Shop. He is s 
member of the Park Streel 
Brethren Church and attends 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 
— Statistician, Dr. James Hol- 
linger. Dr. Hollinger is a sur- 
geon with a practice in Goshen. 
Ind. He is a member of the Jef- 
ferson Brethren Church. 
— Statutory agent, Rev. Arden 
Gilmer. Rev. Gilmer is pastor of 
the Park Street Brethren 

Re-elected to their respective 
offices were the secretary, Mr. 
Fred Horn, Sr., a member of the 
Ardmore First Brethren Church; 
and the assistant secretary, Mrs. 
Grace Grumbling, a member of 
the Johnstown Third Brethren 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Also named in the suit is 
James I. Mackall of the Vinco 
Church, who is president of 
Brethren Care, Inc., of the 
Pennsylvania District. 

The General Conference 
Executive Committee and the 
Benevolent Board of The Breth- 
ren Church have employed a 
lawyer in Pennsylvania to de- 
fend their interests in the case. 
Thomas Stoffer, an attorney and 
member of the Canton Trinity 
Brethren Church, is acting as 
consultant to the church. 

Brethren were asked to pray 
for wisdom and guidance for de- 
nominational leaders involved in 
defending the church against 
this suit. 

Statistician's Report. Accord- 
ing to the statistician's report, 
the Brethren Church had 124 
congregations and a total mem- 
bership of 15,467 at the end of 
1981. Brethren churches re- 
ceived a total of 1,148 members 
in 1981, and lost 1,130 members, 
giving a net gain of 18 members 
(down considerably from the net 
gain of 257 in 1980). 

Average Sunday school atten- 
dance for 1981 was 7,965, and 
average worship attendance was 
10,568. Fifty-eight churches 
showed a net increase in mem- 
bership in 1981, and 49 had an 
increase in their church growth 

Nuclear weapons resolution. 
Rev. Doc Shank, peace coor- 
dinator for the Brethren Church, 
brought the following resolution 
before the Conference. 

We believe that the production 
and stockpiling of nuclear 
weapons cannot be endorsed by 
followers of Jesus Christ as the 
means He would prescribe for 
settling international disputes or 
defending ourselves, and 

We believe that nuclear 
weapons pose a genuine threat to 
the continuation of life on this 
planet which God has created 
and ordered people to care for, 

We believe that because the 
superpowers already have stock- 

September 1982 

piled more than enoug h nuclear 
warheads to destroy life on the 
earth, continuing to produce 
weapons makes all nations less 
secure, and 

We believe that it is sinful to 
sustain our current extravagant 
military budget by diverting 
funds from programs for the poor 
and needy, causing disobedience 
to God's directive to care for 

Therefore, be it resolved that 
this 94th General Conference of 
the Brethren Church, meeting in 
Ashland, Ohio, August 9-13, 
1982, urge President Ronald 
Reagan, his administration, the 
Congress and the State Depart- 
ment to take the necessary steps 
to halt immediately the testing, 
production, and deployment of 
all nuclear warheads, missiles, 
and delivery systems. 

Following prolonged discus- 
sion, this resolution was referred 
to the Social Concerns Commit- 
tee for further consideration dur- 
ing the coming year. A charge 
was given to the delegates to 
study the matter throughout the 
year, and to the Social Concerns 
Committee to work on the reso- 
lution and to keep the churches 

In a related action, the Confer- 
ence referred to the Rules and 
Organization Committee for 
study, a recommendation that 
the Conference consider estab- 
lishing a separate Peace Com- 

Advanced notice on major 
issues. During the discussion of 
the nuclear weapons resolution, 
various delegates expressed con- 
cern that such an important and 
controversial issue was brought 
to the Conference floor without 
advanced notice and prepara- 
tion. This led the delegates to 
pass a motion "that the Execu- 
tive Committee of Conference be 
assigned the responsibility of in- 
forming the local Brethren 
churches concerning major is- 
sues to be brought on the Confer- 
ence floor at least two months 
before Conference." 

Holsinger Church. An an- 

nouncement that the "Holsinger 
Church" in Berlin, Pa., is 
scheduled for removal or demoli- 
tion prompted Conference to di- 
rect the moderator to appoint a 
committee to work with a com- 
mittee from Pennsylvania to 
study the feasibility of preserv- 
ing the Holsinger Church. 

Prayer amendment. Confer- 
ence passed, then later re- 
scinded, a motion that the 94th 
Conference "go on record as sup- 
porting the proposed amendment 
to the Constitution to allow vol- 
untary prayer in public schools 
and that a copy of the support be 
sent to President Ronald 
Reagan." The action to rescind 
was taken because many dele- 
gates thought that the motion 
had been passed without suffi- 
cient preparation and discussion. 
(There was, in fact, no discussion 
of the motion; it was moved, sec- 
onded, and passed without any- 
one speaking either for or 
against it.) 

Support for Ashland Col- 
lege. Conference went on record 
as stating that "We, the 94th 
Conference of the Brethren 
Church, heartily continue our 
support of the administration 
and trustees of Ashland College 
in their efforts to rid the campus 
of alcoholic beverages." 

Next Year's Conference. The 
time and place for the 95th Gen- 
eral Conference of the Brethren 
Church were set as August 8-14, 
1983, at Ashland, Ohio. The 
theme for the week will be "Re- 
kindling the Gift of God," taken 
from II Timothy 1:6, 7. Because 
of the special 100th anniversary 
celebration, this Conference will 
begin on Monday evening and 
continue through Sunday morn- 

Conference Offering 

During General Conference 
serveral offerings were taken to 
help pay for the expenses of the 
week. A total of $1,400 was re- 



Woman's Missionary Society 

"Members of One Another" 
was the theme of the Woman's 
Missionary Society sessions at 
General Conference. Special fea- 
tures of the week included the 
president's challenge during the 
Tuesday session, daily devotions 
by Ann DeVeny, the Thank 
Offering ingathering on Wednes- 
day, and the WMS luncheon 
Thursday noon, followed by a 
business session in which the 
project offering was received. 

In her message, President 
Pauline Benshoff warned of the 
insidious and pervasive growth 
of humanism, with its emphasis 
on rights without morals, par- 
ental control, or individual 
responsibility. The key to com- 
bating humanism, she said, is 
obedience to God with an em- 
phasis on God's word and prayer. 
"Know Scripture; store Scripture 
in your heart; and live Scrip- 
ture," she stated. 

Ann DeVeny, wife of Brethren 
Chaplain Dan DeVeny of Fort 
Gordon, Ga., presented devotions 
for each of the four sessions. Her 
topics were "Motivated to Action 
Through Weakness," "Motivated 
to Kindness," "Testing Brings 
Strength," and "Motivated to Ac- 
tion Through Encouragement." 

The Berlin, Pa., society was in 
charge of the Thank Offering in- 
gathering on Wednesday after- 
noon. An offering of $8,993.28 
was received, which will be used 
for home and foreign missions, 
Riverside Christian Training 
School, and the Ashland College 
campus ministry. 

The WMS luncheon on Thurs- 
day was held at the Christ 
United Methodist Church, with 
the Southeast District in charge 
of the program. The theme for 
the luncheon was "Women Wear 
Many Hats." During the busi- 


ness session that followed, the 
Project Offering was ingathered. 
A total of $9,737.06 was received, 
to be used as a revolving loan 
fund for churches in Mexico. 

In their annual elections, the 
women re-elected Pauline Ben- 
shoff as their president, Judi 
Gentle as first vice-president, 
and Dorothy Carpenter as 
treasurer. Paula Dearduff was 
elected as the new financial sec- 

Reappointed to their respec- 
tive offices were Helen Shively, 
literature secretary; Donna Stof- 
fer, assistant literature secre- 
tary; Grace Grumbling, Outlook 
editor; and Trudy Kerner, gen- 

eral secretary. New appoint- 
ments included Linda Geaslen, 
assistant general secretary; 
Elaine Hensley, second vice- 
president and patroness of Sis- 
terhood; and Bonnie Summy, 
Outlook subscription secretary (a 
new position). 

The women voted to continue 
the revolving loan fund for 
churches in Mexico as their 
1982-83 project. Jody Wagstaff of 
Johnstown, Pa., was announced 
as this year's WMS Ashland Col- 
lege Scholarship recipient. 

A total of 158 delegates regis- 
tered for the WMS sessions, plus 
105 registered guests, bringing 
the total attendance to 263. 

WMS Public Service 

Cheri Decker, creator of Dis- 
covery Workshop, a non-denomi- 
national program to help women 
realize their full potential, gave 
the address for the WMS public 

Mrs. Decker spoke on Psalm 
46:10, "Be still and know that I 
am God." She gave two reasons 
for following this command: this 
will enable you to change your 
focus from yourself to God; and 
God may have something special 
to give that cannot be given 
until you are still before Him. 

at inner 
quiet and 
ness while 
about rou- 
tine tasks 
is a prac- 
tical way 
to carry 
out Psalm 
46:10, said 

Mrs. Cheri Decker 

Mrs. Decker. She suggests re 
fleeting on Christian music, a 
portion of Scripture or a Bible 
story, on how God has worked in 
your life, and being aware of God 
in nature. 

According to Mrs. Decker, you 
will become a more effective 
member of the Body of Christ 
through practicing Psalm 46:10. 
God will have more oppor- 
tunities to show you what your 
spiritual gifts are. You will gain 
stability and firmness in your 
faith and will experience growth 
and maturity in your spiritual 
life. She concluded by saying 
that through the inner attitude 
of stillness before God, a person 
will gain strength and energy to 
deal with the hectic pace of 
everyday life. 

Mrs. Decker also presented a 
workshop entitled, "God's 
Beauty Secrets." 

— Ann Miller 

Mrs. Miller is a member of 
Park Street Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

National Laymen's Organization 

: Rev. Terry Lodico, pastor of 
he Medina Bible Fellowship, 
vas the daily Bible study 
speaker for the National 
daymen's Organization (NLO) 
iiessions during Conference 
iveek. He discussed "Five Princi- 
ples for Successful Christian 
jService," — enthusiasm, account- 
ability, consecration, patience, 
!ind determination. 
| A total of 57 men registered 
for the Laymen's sessions and 
Participated in the business 
jneetings. In their annual elec- 
tion of officers, they chose Nor- 
Inan E. Grumbling, Jr., as first 
!/ice-president; and Charles W. 
|:Cing as treasurer. Continuing in 
pheir respective offices are 
(James Payne, president; Harold 
ffl. Baker, secretary; James A. 
iWoods, assistant secretary; and 

Carl L. Shirar, assistant treas- 

The men set a project goal of 
$9,000 for the coming year. This 
includes $5,000 for campus 
ministry, $1,000 each for Ash- 
land College and Seminary 
scholarships, $1,000 for River- 
side Christian Training School, 
$500 for the Mirandas' radio 
ministry, and $500 for the 
Brethren Publications/Home 
Missions Endowment Fund. 

The NLO constitution was the 
subject of considerable discus- 
sion. The task of evaluating the 
constitution for possible amend- 
ment or revision was assigned to 
the NLO executive committee. 
Means to achieve better com- 
munication between the NLO 
and local men's groups were also 
discussed. As a result, the 

Laymen's Public Service 

| One of the highlights of the 
Laymen's public service on 
jrhursday afternoon of Confer- 
ence was the presentation of 
j;he organization's Outstanding 
Achievement Award. This year 
j:hat award went to the New 
Lebanon Brethren Church. 
I The New Lebanon Church was 
Recognized for its vision in 
mortgaging its church building 
in order to loan $30,000 to the 
JBrethren Bible Fellowship of 
polumbus. This money was used 
joy the Columbus church to make 
ja downpayment on property as a 
site for a new church building. 

Mr. James Menninger, direc- 
tor of religious affairs at Ash- 
land College, was the speaker for 
the Laymen's service. Using as 
his text Isaiah 40:31, he said 
that if the church is to be used to 
snergize the world in the 80's, it 
must first have its strength re- 
newed by waiting on the Lord. 
This requires making Jesus our 

September 1982 

Howard Winfield accepted the NLO Out- 
standing Achievement Award on behalf of 
the New Lebanon Brethren Church. 

number one priority, being con- 
tinually filled with the spirit, 
and putting our hope in the 

Special music for the service 
was presented by Rev. Dann 
Saylor, pastor of the Columbus 
First Brethren Church. Rev. 
Saylor amazed the audience by 
his ability to play both the organ 
and the piano at the same time. 

laymen are now seeking to com- 
pile a directory of laymen in 
each church with whom they 
may communicate. 

Ministerial Association 

Presentations by Dr. Jack 
Oxenrider and Dr. Dale Stoffer 
on the role of the elder in the 
Brethren Church were the main 
features of the National Minis- 
terial Association sessions at 
General Conference. Dr. Oxen- 
rider presented a biblical 
perspective on the elder's role, 
and Dr. Stoffer presented a 
Brethren historical perspective. 

In business sessions led by as- 
sociation President Kent Ben- 
nett, the ministers received new 
members, elected officers, and 
took care of other matters of bus- 
iness. Rev. Alvin Shifflett, pas- 
tor of the Nappanee, Ind., First 
Brethren Church, was elected 
the new president of the associa- 
tion. Rev. Gerald Barr and Rev. 
Richard Craver were re-elected 
to their respective positions as 
secretary-treasurer and assis- 
tant secretary-treasurer. 

Rev. Alvin Shifflett read a 
memorial for former association 
member Rev. Clarence Stewart, 
who died during the past year. 

Dr. Richard Allison announced 
plans for the 1983 Pastors' Con- 
ference, which will be held April 
26-28 at Ashland Theological 
Seminary. Speakers for the con- 
ference will be Elisabeth Elliot, 
a writer and former missionary, 
and Dr. James Earl Massey, pro- 
fessor of New Testament and of 
church ministries at Anderson 
School of Theology, Anderson, 
Ind. Dr. Massey is also speaker 
for the radio program, "The 
Brotherhood Hour." In addition, 
four papers will be studied on 
the subject of the ordination of 
women for Brethren ministry. 


Brethren Youth Convention 

Convention Highlights 

The approximately 200 young 
people who attended the 1982 
Brethren Youth Convention 
found the week exhausting but- 

The Convention began with 
the Crusader Review, which was 
held as part of the Monday eve- 
ning service of General Confer- 
ence. For the first time in sev- 
eral years, the Summer Crusad- 
ers kept to their allotted time, 
while still presenting an enter- 
taining overview of their sum- 
mer experiences. Following this 
program, the BYC kicked off 
their Convention with a get- 
acquainted time of fun. 

This year the Convention 
hosted a series of workshops 
open both to the youth and to 
their advisors. The workshops 
were led by Brethren "experts" 

who expounded on "Missions and 
Youth," "Ideas for Retreats," 
"Creative Games and Activities 
for Youth Groups," "Ashland 
College," "Ashland Academy," 
"Puppets," • "Drama in the 
Church," and "Quizzing." 

A national quiz competition 
was held with three teams par- 
ticipating. The quiz team from 
the North Manchester First 
Brethren Church took first place 
and was awarded a three-foot 
trophy! Teams from the County 
Line and Winding Waters Breth- 
ren Churches also participated, 
and competition was keen 
among the three teams. 

Rev. Mike Gleason led a 
unique and memorable Youth 
Communion service on Wednes- 
day evening. Rev. Gleason 
led approximately 230 youth 

through the Jewish Passovei 
meal. The youth learned aboul 
the Seder meal and experienced 
it in much the same way Jesus 
and His disciples observed it. 

Thursday evening proved to be 
another memorable time, when 
Danny Korem, one of the nation's 
leading magicians, demonstrated 
the seemingly impossible 
Korem astounded the audience 
with an incredible performance, 
while delivering a powerful mes- 
sage that supernatural psychic 
powers do not exist, but that 
a supernatural Messiah does. 
Author of the book, The Fakers, 
Danny Korem has produced a 
television special, "Psychic Con- 
fessions," to be aired this fall. 
— Jean Troup 

Jean Troup is a secretary in the 
Board of Christian Education office 


Youth Moderator's Address 

"Never tell a young person 
that anything cannot be done. 
God may have been waiting for 
centuries for someone ignorant 
enough of the impossible to do 
that very thing." So stated 
Gregg Brelsford in the introduc- 
tion to his youth moderator's ad- 
dress, which he presented to 
both youth and adults on Tues- 
day evening of Conference. 

Noting that the quotation was 
from Reader's Digest, Gregg said 
that he was using it in order to 
combine the gospel of Jesus 
Christ and current events with 
the national Brethren Youth 
ministry. He then stated that he 
wanted to share three situations 
that briefly describe the times in 
which we live. "Once we get a 
handle on what is happening 
around us, then we are ready for 


the challenges that face us as 
Christians in the Brethren 
Church, and in particular, the 
national Brethren Youth minis- 
try," he said. 

The first situation he consi- 
dered was the worldwide popula- 
tion growth and the increased 
needs that result from this 
strain on the world economy. Re- 
minding his audience of Jesus' 
command to "love your neigh- 
bors," he asked, "How will we 
show that we love our neighbors 
in order to obey Christ's instruc- 
tions in meeting the needs of 

Turning . next to our society, 
Gregg noted that it has been 
called the "me generation," 
a society characterized by 
"egomania." Though Christ 
taught us to "love ourselves," we 

are not to love ourselves self- 
ishly, for a selfish love cannot 
love its neighbor. "When we love 
ourselves correctly, we under- 
stand that we owe what we are 
to others," he stated. 

His third reference was to the 
worldwide insecurity due to the 
fear of nuclear war. He attrib- 
uted much of this insecurity to 
our failure to "love the Lord your 
God with all your mind, heart, 
and strength" evidenced by our 
reliance on nuclear arms rather 
than on God's power. "How will 
we, in our day, show others that 
we love God?" he asked. 

Having characterized briefly 
the times in which we live, the 
youth moderator stated, "Our 
concern tonight is to think about 
how we can best use the national 
Brethren Youth Ministry to pre- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

iiare ourselves to love God, love 
ur neighbors, and love our- 
elves." He then explained how 
he national BYC Convention, 
!he BY Communicator, "BYC 
Briefings" in the Evangelist, 
I'outh advisor seminars, Morn- 
ng Star, and the BYC national 
joals and guidelines are all tools 
>o strengthen the youth and the 
ocal and district youth pro- 

"Many important ideas have 
been incorporated over the past 
two years to help make BYC 
more effective in ministering to 
youth," he said. "We should con- 
tinue to encourage new ideas 
and ways to improve our minis- 
try in these times for the sake of 
the gospel of Jesus Christ." 

In this spirit, the youth mod- 
erator then offered four recom- 
mendations to the national BYC 

Convention. They included (1) 
planning seminars on current 
events and issues for next year's 
Convention; (2) using youth ad- 
visors at the BYC Convention to 
lead Bible studies or small task 
groups; (3) structuring the BYC 
budget on a percentage basis; 
and (4) recommending to the 
General Conference the possibil- 
ity of implementing a full-time 
national BYC coordinator. 

Convention Business Sessions 

Nearly 170 delegates partici- 
pated in the BYC business ses- 
sions that were held as part of 
the National BYC Convention. 
lLast year the Convention voted 
;o give delegate status to any na- 
tionally registered BYC member 
jwho attends the Convention, so 
[there were almost 50 more dele- 
gates registered for this year's 
JjConvention than for the 1981 

Among the items of business 
tared for by the delegates was a 
change in the way the budget is 
set up. Rather than appropriat- 
ing specific amounts for the 
items in the budget, budgets will 
now be figured on a percentage 
basis. Thus, whether the goal is 
met, surpassed, or unreached, 
the proper proportion will be al- 
located to each item. Next year's 
budget is as follows: 
Project (half for the Summer 51% 
Crusader program, half for 
the mission project i 

BCE and Morning Star 32% 
Travel 17% 

GOAL: $13,000 

The delegates accepted as their 
1982-83 mission project the new 
Home Mission church being 
started in North Carolina. 

The ingathering celebration, 
which was also a part of the bus- 
iness sessions, went well, with 
the youth nearly reaching their 
goal. A total of $13,828 was 
brought in toward the goal of 
$14,450. Since the Convention, 

September 1982 

New BYC officers elected during the Convention business sessions are (left 
to right) Assistant Secretary Nancy Metzler from Sarasota, Fla.; Moderator 
Mike Funkhouser from Sarasota, Fla.; Vice Moderator Mitch Funkhouser 
from Sarasota, Flo..; Statistician Tom Grumbling from Georgetown, Dei; 
Secretary Tracy Rowsey from New Lebanon, Ohio; and (not pictured) Mark 
Robison from North Manchester, Ind. 

enough additional money has 
come in to take the youth over 
their goal. This money is desig- 
nated for the Summer Crusader 
program, for Brethren Care of 
Ashland (for their new addition), 
and for National BYC expenses. 
In another item of business, 
the BYC Convention passed an 
amendment, also passed by the 
Board of Christian Education, 
that makes the national BYC 
moderator a voting member of 
the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion. As such, the moderator is to 
attend all BCE meetings and act 
as a liaison between the Na- 
tional BYC and its overseer, the 

The Convention also adopted a 
new set of guidelines for the 
1982-1983 BYC year. The 
guidelines committee asks each 
local secretary to write an up- 
date report to the BCE so that 
special recognition can be given 
to the groups that accomplish 
these guidelines. 

The statistician's report re- 
vealed that the national BYC 
has experienced a considerable 
decrease in its membership. This 
was a matter of concern for the 
delegates, who recognize the 
many benefits of being a regis- 
tered member of National BYC. 
Much discussion took place on 
(continued on page 23) 


World Relief Banquet 

Approximately 350 youth and 
adults attended the World Relief 
Banquet and Block Party that 
concluded the 94th General Con- 
ference of the Brethren Church. 
The event was enjoyable, inspi- 
rational, and different. 

As people arrived and were 
seated around the banquet ta- 
bles, they were immediately en- 
couraged to become involved in 
activities that acquainted them 
with others around their table 
(by getting each person's auto- 
graph), with world need (by 
copying down two hunger facts 
and looking at a World Relief 
brochure), and with what the 
Bible says about helping the 
poor and needy (by writing down 
two verses on the subject). 

The banquet itself was a les- 
son in self-help, with banqueters 
themselves setting the table and 
serving the beverages while the 
host and hostess for each table 
brought won ton soup and then 
the main course of oriental veg- 
etables, sweet and sour chicken, 
and rice. Dessert for the meal 
was fresh peaches and fortune 
cookies. The latter were in the 
shape of a fish (appropriately), 
and everyone got the same "for- 
tune" — "We are fortunate that 
we can share our good fortune 
with those less fortunate ." 

Supper being ended, Rev. Phil 
Lersch, chairman of the World 
Relief Board, led the crowd in 

singing hunger songs and in a 
review of Scriptures and hunger 
facts, then introduced a multi- 
media presentation, "Remember- 
ing Why We're Here." While two 
movie and two slide projectors 
showed scenes of world need and 
what is being done to help meet 
this need, a tape recorder pro- 
vided music performed by chil- 
dren and adults in various relief 
projects around the world. 

The auction of the WMS quilts 
was next on the program, with 
Keith Hensley doing the auc- 
tioning. Rev. St. Clair Benshoff 
was high bidder on the first quilt 
at $950, but he then revealed 
that he was bidding for George 
Brown of Denver, Ind., who had 
left the Conference earlier. Bid- 
ding was not so brisk on the 
second quilt, with Edna Logan of 
Bridgewater, Va., getting the 
quilt for $600. The money for the 
quilts went for World Relief. 

Following the auction, John 
Cassis, a former professional 
baseball player but now director 
of special projects for World Re- 
lief Corporation, presented an 
inspirational message in which 
he compared the Christian life to 
a baseball game. 

First base in the Christian 
life, he said, is a winning author- 
ity, and that winning authority 
is Jesus Christ. Second base is a 
winning attitude, and that in- 
volves following Jesus' attitude. 

Third base is a winning action- 
taking Christ into the streets ( 
the world. Finally, home plate i 
heaven, and this is the goal 
the Christian life. But in seekin 
this goal we must remember tw 
things. First, that as we ru 
around the bases, God wants u 
to do all the good we can. An 
second, that no one can win th 
game of life if he or she fails t 
touch first base — Jesus Christ. 
The banquet concluded with i 
mini-drama (pantomime) by th 
Summer Crusader unit GLAI 
that demonstrated that Chrisl 
tians must not get so caught u] 
in their personal and devotiona 
lives that they fail to see ano 
help meet the needs of thos< 
around them. This drama spillec 
over into the audience whei 
each person fed a piece of pop 
corn to his or her neighbor anc 
gave that neighbor a hug. This 
symbolic act of loving and help- 
ing one another seemed a fitting 
conclusion to a Conference 
whose theme was "Members in 
One Body." 


"v'-*»' ! v. Ski 

Left to right, auctioneer Keith Hensley; banqueters getting acquainted; Edna Logan with the quilt she 
bought; speaker John Cassis; and (above) the drama team GLAD. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Christian Educators of the Year 

\ Nancy McGraw and Bradley 
,iVeidenhamer were honored as 
iphristian Educators of the Year 
Dy the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion during the BCE service on 
ruesday evening of Conference. 
u Nancy (Bates) McGraw is a 
ufnember of the Pleasant View 
Brethren Church in Vandergrift, 
||Pa., where she has served in a 
I /ariety of Christian education 
and leadership positions, includ- 
i trig director of the C.E. board, co- 
lli director of Bible school, teacher 
pif the primary S.S. class, choir 
director, president of the WMS, 
unior BYC leader, and Sister- 
hood patroness. She is also a 
member of both the Pennsyl- 

and the 
is a 
and she 
Nancy McGraw and her 

husband, Jim, have a one-year 
old daughter. 

In nominating Mrs. McGraw 
for educator of the year, her pas- 
tor, Rev. Michael Gleason, 
wrote, "Nancy continues to be a 

Your Conference Quilt 

One of the high points of this 
year's Conference was the con- 
struction of the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Society quilts. Each of us 
marveled as tiny stitches were 
put in place to hold together the 
lovely squares. And secretly, 
each of us wanted to take one of 
those prize quilts home. 

In a sense, all who attended 
Conference did return home with 
quilts of their own. These quilts 
were not made of fabric and 
thread, but of ideas, memories, 
and challenges. 

No two quilts could be the 
same, although many blocks 
iwere similar. Business meetings, 
lauxiliary sessions, workshops, 
luncheons, devotional messages 
|by Dr. Augsburger were each in- 
jdividual patches in the Confer- 
jence quilt. Over these brightly 
colored squares come the quilt- 
ling stitches that hold it all to- 
Igether — the love for God and 
each other that unites the 

As people watched the prog- 
ress of the WMS quilts, they 

tried to think of the best way to 
use them, whether on a bed or as 
a wall hanging. No one wanted 
them to be hidden away in a 
drawer where their beauty and 
the hard work that went into 
making them would not be ap- 
preciated. Yet this will be the 
fate of many "Conference quilts." 
Challenges and new ideas that 
seemed so important during 
Conference get tucked away in 
some dark corner of the mind. 

Consider your own quilt with 
its varied patches. Others can 
benefit greatly from what it has 
to offer. Allow the quilt to be 
seen so others can delight in its 
beauty and learn from its 
craftsmanship. Or share its 
warmth with those in need, so 
they may be comforted by it. But 
whatever you do, don't store it 
away in a closet with the dozen 
others from Conferences past. 

— Susan Hyland 

Mrs. Hyland is co-pastor with 
her husband of the Papago Park 
Brethren Church. She is also 
editor of the ABCT Newsletter. 

key in the successful and grow- 
ing educational program here at 
Pleasant View, and, in my opin- 
ion, deserves national recogni- 
tion as a lay person who has 
gone the 'extra mile' year after 
year in serving her national, dis- 
trict and local boards of Chris- 
tian education." 

Brad Weidenhamer is a mem- 
ber of the Ashland Park Street 
^ Breth- 




Brad Weidenhamer minister 
of music, and Sunday evening 
junior youth leader. Beyond the 
local church he has served on the 
national C.E. board, as an ABCT 
seminar leader, and for several 
years as director of the Ohio Dis- 
trict's mini-camp. 

An ordained elder, Rev. 
Weidenhamer formerly served 
the Goshen and Elkhart Breth- 
ren Churches as minister of 
Christian education. He is pres- 
ently librarian at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. He and 
his wife, Karen, have three chil- 
dren, ages 13, 10, and 8. 

In submitting Rev. Weiden- 
hamer's nomination for Chris- 
tian Educator of the Year, the 
Park Street C.E. board wrote, 
"Brad Weidenhamer exemplifies 
the ideal of a Christian educator. 
... he has worked diligently in 
numerous areas and levels of 
Christian education. ... It is the 
love of Christ shown through his 
leadership in Christian educa- 
tion that leads [us] to nominate 
Brad Weidenhamer as Christian 
Educator of the Year." 

I September 1982 


Conference Inspirational Speaker 

Dr. David Augsburger 

The featured inspirational 
speaker for Conference was Dr. 
David Augsburger, professor of 
pastoral care at the Associated 
Mennonite Biblical Seminaries, 
Elkhart, Ind. He presented mes- 
sages on Tuesday, Wednesday, 
and Thursday mornings. 

Dr. Augsburger's excellent 
sense of humor, his delightful 
stories, and his penetrating in- 
sights made him a popular Con- 
ference speaker. In the following 
quotations from his three mes- 
sages, we share with you some of 
Dr. Augsburger's insights into 
what is involved in being 
"Members of One Body." 

We Are One: 
Strangeness and Familiarity 

Text: Ephesians 4:1-25 
I'll be speaking about strange- 
ness and familiarity because we 
are one, and the discovery that 
we are one awakens in us fear of 
the strangeness in the other per- 
son as well as the opening early 
hopes about the familiarity that 
is there. 

We are torn in our oneness be- 
tween strangeness and familiar- 
ity, between estrangement and 
familial solidarity with others. 
The oneness that exists, that 
unites us, brings those two to- 

gether without destroying either. 
The strangeness becomes a 
source of excitement; the famil- 
iarity becomes a source of trust. 
And in that blending of those 
two, real reconciliation and for- 
giveness occur. 

Being members one of another 
is to live in a community of for- 
giveness. . . . Frequently what 
we practice under the name of 
forgiveness is a process of escap- 
ing the reality of working 
through the differences .... The 
nature and the heart of forgive- 
ness is in working through the 
differences that divide us. 

In forgiving there is remem- 
bering. We remember together. 
We repent together. We recon- 
cile together. And then we can 
forget together. It's not one way. 
It is the two wayness of being 
members one of another. Body 
life is nourished by our giving 
and forgiving. That's the way 
strangeness and familiarity 
come together. 

Forgiveness becomes real 
when we have found each other 

We Are Parts: 
Variety and Similarity 

Text: Romans 12:1-21 
You only know another's feel- 
ings when you have been willing 
to subject yourself to the pain of 
similar life experiences. 

That ability to begin to reach 
across the boundaries and see 
through the other person's eyes 
and feel a bit what the other per- 
son is feeling is a remarkable 
gift to nourish, to cherish, to 
build within oneself, and it is 
community that teaches us that 
gift. It is when we recognize that 
we are parts, not the whole; we 
are parts, and the diversity and 
the similarity that is there 
among us enriches us, unites us, 
and brings us together. 
Paul . . . gets at the heart of 

what Jesus talked about in lov- 
ing. That is, a love that does not 
draw lines, that does not set 
limits, that does not impose con- 
ditions, that does not proceed on 
the basis of one's internal 
values — a kind of reckless, irre- 
sponsible, irrational love that 
values people simply because 
people are people, because they 
are created, and because they 
are there as gifts of God. 

When Christ is present among 
us, we value each other equally. 
You are equally precious. I am 
equally precious. We stand as 
equally prized before God, which 
is the heart of the New Testa- 

Listen to the heart of what 
agape [love] is about: I am pre- 
cious simply because and only 
because I am. And you are 
equally so. 

We Are Whole: Not 
Perfection But Completeness 

Text: I Corinthians 12:4-27 
Paul now talks about moving 
into body life where we nourish 
and cherish each other, inti- 
mately caring for our wholeness; 
not striving toward the Greek 
dreams of absolute perfection, 
but toward the wholeness of life 
with each other before God, liv- 
ing that out in faithful, joyful, 
daily, willing obedience. 

The Apostle Paul calls us 
away from the competitive, driv- 
ing, denying, dishonest, and de- 
ceitful myths that were charac- 
teristic of his day, back into the 
quality of loving, caring, serv- 
ing, sacrificing, Jesus-like living 
that is the way of faithful disci- 

We are parts, and we become 
whole not in perfection, but in 
the completeness in which we 
take our task within the commu- 
nity, and in solidarity with our 
sisters and brothers, lift that 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Conference Theme Song 

This year's Conference theme 
[song was written by one of our 
{Brethren women, Mrs. Pauline 
jBenshoff. Mrs. Benshoff is na- 
tional president of WMS and 
iwife of the pastor of the College 
[Corner Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Benshoffs song, "Bound 
As One" (which is printed 
ibelow), fit well the Conference 
Itheme, "Members in One Body," 
.and it was sung frequently 
throughout the week. Mrs. Ben- 
shoff wrote the words and also 
composed the music for the song. 

The Conference music commit- 
tee has announced that it is 
challenging the Brethren to 
write a theme song for next 
year's Conference, which will be 
the 100th anniversary celebra- 
tion of the Brethren Church. The 
Conference theme will be "Re- 
kindling the Gifts of God," with 
the Scripture text from II 
Timothy 1:6-7. Words and music 
are to be sent to Robert Kep- 
linger, 44 Laughton St., Upper 
Marlboro, MD 20772. Deadline 
for entries is March 15, 1983. 

Bound As One 



The worship committee is also 
interested in other music or 
poetry written by Brethren 
people that might be incorpo- 
rated into the Centennial Con- 
ference. Those wishing to submit 
either music or poetry should 
contact Paula Deardurff, Rt. 2, 
Box 160, Shipshewana, IN 

BYC Convention business 

{continued from page 19) 

what could be done to increase 
participation in national BYC. It 
was suggested that a "crusader- 
like" team be formed to visit the 
churches and encourage regis- 
tration. This recommendation 
was forwarded to the BYC Coun- 
cil for further study. 

In another item of business, 
the BYC Convention took action 
to redesignate $2,250 in project 
money so that it could be used 
for new printing equipment for 
the Brethren Publishing Com- 

The $2,250 was raised as part 
of the 1974-75 National BYC 
project to be used toward the 
purchase of collating equipment 
for the Publishing Company 
printshop. Due to a change in 
priorities, collating equipment 
was not purchased. 

The redesignated funds will be 
used toward the cost of folding 
and labeling equipment pur- 
chased during the past year. 
This equipment is used exten- 
sively in the production of 
printed pieces for National BYC. 

About the change in designa- 
tion, Publishing Company 
Executive Director Ron Waters 
said, "We appreciate the 
foresight of Brethren Youth in 
raising these funds, and we're 
happy that they were willing to 
redesignate these funds for more 
pressing needs." 

— Jean Troup 


EThe Brethren ^ • . 


magazine by Brethren people. 
The magazine for you! 


The Brethren Evangelist is the only magazine written and 
edited by Brethren people for Brethren people. It seeks to serve 
the church as a whole and each of the church's members 

What specifically does The Brethren Evangelist do for you? 
It helps you: 

— Grow in your Christian faith and walk . . . through inspira- 
tional, doctrinal, and practical/life-related articles. 

— Become a better church member . . . through how-to articles 
on building relationships and serving the Lord through the, 

— Feel more a part of the larger Brethren fellowship . . . through 
news and articles about what other Brethren congregations, 
districts, and auxiliaries are doing. 

— Be a more involved member of The Brethren Church at large 
... by telling you about the work of General Conference and 
the various boards and ministries of the church. 

Just as The Brethren Evangelist helps you, you too can help 
The Brethren Evangelist. How? Here are four suggestions: 

— Read the Evangelist regularly. No matter how much good 
inspiration and information the Evangelist contains, it won't 
do you any good unless you read it. 

— Encourage others to subscribe. In particular, encourage your 
church to subscribe for every member. Our goal is for every 
Brethren family to receive the magazine. Consider personally 
giving gift subscriptions to families not receiving the 

— Pray for the Evangelist — for those who write, edit, and print 
your denominational magazine. 

— Support the Evangelist financially this month by giving to 
the Publication Offering. Your entire offering will go to the 
Evangelist. You may make your offering through your local 
church or by sending your gift directly to the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Thank you in advance for your support! 

1982 Publication Offering 

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the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


Mankind's Basic Problem 

SUPPOSE the government decided to give 
each young person $100,000 at the age of 
21, in hopes of eliminating welfare and pov- 
erty. No one getting $100,000 would ever be 
eligible for welfare support. Those presently 
over 21 who missed the boat (you and I) 
would have to continue in the old way of 
making it — "Pray to God and keep rowing for 
the shore." 

To be sure, many would run through their 
entire $100,000 like a sprinter in the 100- 
yard dash. Others would make good invest- 
ments and more than double their money. 
Many would be helped; others wouldn't. For 
a lot of people, $100,000 wouldn't make one 
iota of difference. They'd drive a Cadillac or 
a loaded Porsche and wear expensive suits 
with ragged underwear. Not a grain of sense 
in management — like the Prodigal Son in 
the Bible. 

'What it boils down to is 
this: no amount of education 
or money or sound financial 
advice is going to resolve 
the problems of society.' 


But let's say the government goes all out 
to eliminate poverty. Each 21-year-old who 
hopes to receive the $100,000 must register 
at the age of 18. For three years he or she 
must read assigned books on money and 
banking, principles of economics, elementary 
accounting, and by all means a book on 
ethics. Furthermore, everyone must write a 
thesis on the Prodigal Son in Luke 15:11-32. 
Upon completion of the course and on their 
21st birthday, they each receive $100,000, no 
strings attached. 

You know what? Some would still play the 
fool and squander their money. They'd be 
worse off than before. What would happen to 
these poverty-stricken wasters, these Prodi- 
gal Sons of society? They'd have to work — 

mainly for the ones who didn't waste their 
money. Some might learn a lesson and rise 
out of the ashes like a Phoenix, with a fierce 
determination to try again. Others would 
lanquish in depression and despair, lament- 
ing the day they were born and hating the 

What it boils down to is this: no amount of 
education or money or sound financial advice 
is going to resolve the problems of society. 
This doesn't mean we should give up. It only 
points out the truth that mankind's basic 
weakness is a sin-problem. 

Until people admit they have a sin-prob- 
lem, the church — or Christianity in general 
— has absolutely nothing for them. You see, 
Christianity makes no sense — none at all — 
until we face the fact that we need to repent 
and seek forgiveness. The church has no 
message for the person who refuses to 
acknowledge any wrongdoing. It is only 
when we realize that there is a real Moral 
Law and a Power behind that Law — and that 
we've broken that Law and gone against that 
Power — that Christianity begins to make 
sense to us. It's only when I have a toothache 
that I head for the dentist! 

I guess this points out the mistake the 
church often makes. We try to make people 
comfortable first. "Here's a padded pew. Sit 
here. I'll turn on the air conditioning unit 
and give you a nice sermon." It's like David 
playing the harp for King Saul; in the long 
run it never helped at all! 

Of course, I agree that in the long run 
Christianity does bring unspeakable comfort. 
But we've got it all backwards. As C.S. Lewis 
said, "Christianity doesn't begin in comfort, 
but in dismay." I've broken the Moral Law 
and abused the Power behind it. I'm in a des- 
perate way, out of sorts with Him. It's only 
when I take care of the sin-problem and 
make my peace with Him that I can begin to 
experience the comfort. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
i Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75C 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 
| Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 

Second class postage paid at Ashland, 


Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 

the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 

College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


End of an era. The original 
church and school building at 
Lost Creek, Ky., was torn down 
earlier this year. It will be re- 
placed by a pavilion on the site 
using original building materials. 
See pages 4 and 5 for more 
about Lost Creek and other 
Brethren work in Kentucky. 

Vol. 104, No. 10 

October 1982 



A Visit to Brethren Work in Kentucky 

When 18 people from the First Brethren Church of Hagers- 
town visited Brethren work in Kentucky, they found it an eye- 
opening experience, according to Harold Barnett. 

Reaching Out to Hispanics 

Janet Solomon reports on one of the most challenging minis- 
tries of the First Brethren Church of Sarasota. 

A Dry and Thirsty Land 

New Brethren missionaries Robert and Juanita Dillard share 
their first impressions of Medellin, Colombia. 

An Organizational Design for The Brethren Church 
Part V. Defining Church-Pastor Relationships 

In his last article in this series, Jack L. Oxenrider sets forth the 
importance of shared responsibility and mutual accountability 
in church-pastor relationships. 

> m0m I 

Ashland College 

12 "A Time of Opportunity" 

The uncertain times in which we live can be "A Time of Oppor- 
tunity" for Ashland College if it is adequately endowed, says 
President Joseph R. Shultz. 

13 AC One Thousand 

Frederick T. Burkey explains an Ashland College mini-cam- 
paign whose goal is to build an endowment for scholarships. 

14 Opportunities for Planned Giving 

William H. Etling highlights two Ashland College programs that 
permit gifts to be made without loss of income and which en- 
able family estate objectives to be met. 

15 Money is Free at Ashland College 

Twice a year Ashland College gives away money, but Breth- 
ren aren't taking advantage of the opportunity to get some, 
says Alvin Shifflett. 

16 Ohio's Biggest Banana Split 

A report of an unusual contest held September 1 on the Ash- 
land College campus. 

2 The Salt Shaker 

18 Learning From Our Heritage 

19 Update 

Next Month 

In recognition of the National Salute to Vietnam Veterans planned 
for November 10 to 14 (see news item on page 20), next month's 
issue of the Evangelist will include an article concerning this event. 
It will be written by Captain Daniel DeVeny, A Vietnam veteran now 
serving as a Brethren chaplain in the United States Army. 

Nationwide religious services are to be held November 14 as part 
of this tribute to Americans who served in Vietnam. Brethren 
churches are also encouraged to plan services. 

October 1982 

A Visit to Brethren Work in Kentucky 


people left 
the First Breth- 
ren Church of 
early Monday 
morning, June 
21, for Lost 
Creek, Kentucky.* Their goal — to visit all the 
work of The Brethren Church in Kentucky. 

Traveling in three cars and the church 
van, they drove through western Maryland, 
West Virginia, and northern Kentucky, ar- 
riving at Riverside Christian Training 
School at Lost Creek around 8:00 p.m. There 
they were met by Doran and Nancy Hostet- 
ler, administrators of the school, who showed 
them to their rooms in the Maurice Hall 
Memorial Boys' Dorm, the girls' dorm, and 
the Swango-Phillips Apartments. 

The following morning, the Hostetlers and 
Pastor Henry Wilson, Jr., of the Drushal 
Memorial Church, showed the group the 
campus and its buildings. The visitors were 
particularly interested in Pastor and Mrs. 
Wilson's new mobile home, placed on a hill- 
side of the campus. Pastor and Barbara Wil- 
son are from the Hagerstown, Md., area. 

Everyone was impressed with the beauty 
of the campus and the many improvements 
in the buildings. The new school library has 
special significance, since it was a communi- 
ty project. It is carpeted and has ample book 
holdings, a librarian work room, a TV room, 
and an overall beautiful decor. 

*Those who went on the Kentucky tour were 
Pastor and Doris Barnett, Bill and Jean Cooper, 
Josephine Cooper, Jimmy Doyle, Rodger and 
Ethel Geaslen, Marie Grim, Roma Jones, Tom and 
Mary Keberly, Beulah Lowman, Mary Quirk, 
Mary Socks, Ruth Stoddard, Pat Swain, and 
Helen Sweeney. 

Dr. Barnett was raised in Lost Creek, Ky., and 
received his elementary and secondary education 
at Riverside Christian Training School. He later 
returned to the school and served as its president 
for 16 years. He is now pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Hagerstown, Md. 

The tour group at the entrance to Riverside School. 

The E.O. 
Foundation re- 
cently gave 
Riverside a 
grant of money 
to improve the 

included a lowered ceiling, better windows, 
and a new gym floor. The Robinson Founda- 
tion has given other grants to Riverside as 
well. The foundation was established by E.O. 
Robinson, who made millions in eastern 
Kentucky lumber in the first quarter of this 
century. He wanted to funnel money back 
into the area to help improve institutions 
which serve its people. 

Another stop on the campus tour was the 
beautiful Drushal Memorial Church. This 
building was constructed under the direction 
of Abraham Phillips, a deceased member of 
the Highland Brethren Church (Marianna, 
Pa.), and was dedicated in 1965. 

The group also viewed the foundation 
stones of the original campus building, which 
was razed recently to make way for a pavil- 
ion to be built on the same site from mate- 
rials from the old building. The original 
building was dedicated in 1906 as the first 
church and school facility of the Riverside In- 
stitute and Lost Creek Brethren Church (see 
cover photos). Both the school and the church 
were founded by Rev. George and Ada Drus- 
hal, pioneer home missionaries of The Breth- 
ren Church. The Drushals are both buried in 
the Smith Cemetery, which lies across 
Troublesome Creek, overlooking their be- 
loved Riverside. The group enjoyed a visit 
with Miss Adah Drushal, daughter of George 
and Ada, who lives in a mobile home on the 
campus. She has served at Lost Creek for 33 
years as a teacher in the school, community 
piano teacher, and Sunday school teacher at 
Fugate's Fork. 

Following lunch in The Old Country Inn at 
Jackson, the group was taken by Pastor Wil- 
son on a bouncing ride to his new Sunday 
school location on River Caney and then over 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Left, the gymnasium-classroom building at Riverside. Right, crossing the swinging bridge at Fugate's Fork. 

a log road to the Rowdy area. Along the way 
they visited the Jackson airport, which was 
built on a reclaimed strip mine area on the 

On Tuesday evening the group attended 
revival meetings at the Haddix Brethren 
Church, which is pastored by Rev. and Mrs. 
Lorie Keck. Rev. Dana Hartong, a former 
Brethren pastor, was the guest preacher. The 
church has recently been remodeled with 
new pews and furniture. A coal train roared 
by during the service and blocked out all 
other sound. Nevertheless, several people re- 
sponded to the invitation at the end of the 

The Hagerstowners headed for the Kryp- 
ton Bible Center on Wednesday. Miss Mar- 
garet Lowery was waiting to entertain, in- 
form, and serve a delicious lunch. She has 
served at Krypton for 29 years as Bible 
teacher, 4-H Club supervisor and Cub Scout 
leader. She has also led summer V.B.S. pro- 
grams and worked with Doran Hostetler of 
Riverside in a cooperative camping program. 
Pastor and Mrs. Rex McConahay live and 
teach at Riverside, but also drive over to help 
Margaret in her work at Krypton. Following 
the luncheon, Margaret took us for a look at 
her two Sunday school locations at Dunraven 
and Meadow Branch. 

After departing Krypton, the group visited 
Buckhorn State Park and Lake. The group 
found first-class facilities for camping, fish- 
ing, hiking, boating, swimming, and also de- 
licious food at the park's lodge. Since this 
lake is so near Krypton and Lost Creek, it 
should be attractive to Brethren who might 
want to spend their vacation at Lost Creek 
and/or Krypton helping in some work project. 

On the way back to Lost Creek, the group 
stopped at the Rowdy Brethren Church, 
which was conducting an evening V.B.S. 
About 50 children and staff gathered in the 
small but lovely chapel for singing, stories, 

October 1982 

Bible teaching, crafts, and refreshments. 

Two additional experiences greatly im- 
pressed the group. One was crossing a swing- 
ing bridge spanning Troublesome Creek at 
the mouth of Fugate's Fork, where Adah 
Drushal teaches Bible each Sunday after- 
noon. Walking a swinging bridge was quite 
an experience for the novices among the 
Hagerstowners. The other was visiting the 
strip mining area on Russell's Branch. There 
you can drive 30 miles on level roads that 
span the hilltops. Of particular interest was 
a cemetery at the head of Fugate's Fork that 
was left jutting into the sky when the coal 
was stripped away all around it. It was thrill- 
ing to stand there and look for miles in all 
directions at the "lunarscape" appearance of 
the strip mining area. Some of Pastor Harold 
Barnett's ancestors lie buried in this 
graveyard, called "Flintridge Cemetery." 

On Thursday morning, the tour group once 
again took to the road, this time to make the 
return trip home. They arrived safely back in 
Hagerstown that same evening. The weather 
and traveling conditions had been perfect 
throughout the tour, and God had blessed all 
the way. In addition, the Hagerstown Breth- 
ren returned home with a good understand- 
ing of the work of the Brethren in Kentucky. 
Aside from Pastor and Mrs. Barnett, only 
Ethel Geaslen of the group had ever been to 
Lost Creek, and that was when she was very 
young. Therefore the tour was a great eye- 
opener for the whole group. 

The Brethren of Hagerstown recommend 
such a tour to all Brethren interested in 
being more fully informed of the Brethren 
work in Kentucky. One must visit the work 
personally in order to appreciate the nature 
and scope of the Brethren ministry in this 
part of Appalachia. Those who make such a 
trip will be inspired to support this ministry 
more fully by their prayers, finances, and 
labor of love, to the glory of God. [t] 

Some of the children and staff who participate in the Spanish ministry of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 

Reaching Out to Hispanics 
in Sarasota, Florida 

by Janet Solomon 

ONE of the most challenging ministries of 
the Sarasota First Brethren Church is 
its outreach to Hispanics. This ministry 
began in 1979 at a day care for children of 
Mexican migrant workers. Mrs. Tim (Janet) 
Solomon, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. J.D. 
Hamel, was working there at the time and 
fell in love with the children. When she left 
the day care to begin her teaching career, 
she just couldn't leave the children behind. 
So an outreach ministry was begun. 

In January 1980, Janet and Tim started 
the weekly drive to the migrant camps, 
where they picked up the eager children for 
Sunday school. Each Sunday Janet would 
teach from eight to fifteen preschoolers about 
the love of Jesus. She taught in both English 
and Spanish. 

As time went on, Janet and Tim grew close 
to the families of the children, going to their 
weddings, inviting them over for dinner, etc. 
During 1980 attendance grew to thirty, with 
those attending ranging in age from two to 
sixteen. A few women were also coming. 

Janet also started Bible studies two nights 
a week, and she sometimes took the children 
to the beach. It was then that she realized 
she needed more help. The Lord met that 
need by providing two teenage workers — 
first Joy Christeson, and later Kathy Hicks. 

That same year the Sarasota First Breth- 
ren Church made it possible for some of the 
Mexican children to attend the Florida dis- 
trict camp. In addition, the church included 
about 35 of the children in its local Bible 
school. The children also sang for the church 
on various occasions. One of these was the 
Christmas program. 

During that time, Rev. and Mrs. Robert 
Dillard were serving the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church. Bob was serving as as- 
sociate pastor, and Juanita was working at 
the migrant day care. The migrants were 
especially fond of Bob and Juanita. In fact, 
they gave a party for the Dillards at the mi- 
grant camp before the couple went to Costa 
Rica to study Spanish. 

Before leaving for Costa Rica in December 
1980, Bob spoke of the need for an additional 
church van to be used in transporting the 
children. A week after the Dillards' depar- 
ture, the church had its second van. It wasn't 
long after that before the new van was paid 

In 1981 more Spanish children attended 
and more lives were committed to Christ. 
Many of the Mexicans were beginning to put 
their new life into action. Two were baptized. 
Women converts came and went. Some were 
beaten by their husbands for their faith; 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Many of the Mexicans reached through this ministry are 
beginning to put their new life in Christ into action. 

others counted the cost and found it too hard. 
IBut then there were the children — almost 50 
;at Bible school, as many as could be taken to 
| camp, and two vans full each week during 
ithe season. There were so many children, 
| and so many family problems, that Janet felt 
as if she were being pulled in a dozen direc- 
tions. Help was needed. 

No one would have imagined that this help 
would come in the form of veteran mission- 
ary Rev. Kenneth Solomon. But in the sum- 
;mer of 1982 he left Colombia and became the 
i evangelism/missions pastor of the Sarasota 
First Brethren Church. So with the help of 
iRev. and Mrs. Kenneth Solomon, their son 
•Joel and daughter Margi, Theresa Showal- 
|ter, Robert Gingery, and Mrs. Phil William- 
Ison, Tim and Janet feel secure that this 
Iministry will continue on. 

With the additional staff, more structured 
biweekly services have been set up. These 
Isessions of 25 to 50 Mexicans include singing 
in both Spanish and English, eating, lesson 
[time, and crafts. In addition, there are pro- 
jgrams for the youth, which include skating 
'on Christian fellowship night, beach parties, 
land get-togethers. 

Rev. Solomon also spends long hours with 
the adults, trying to break down their deep- 
seated feeling that only the weak need reli- 
gion. Ken finds this process difficult and 
time-consuming, but the Lord has already 
provided a good measure of success. 

The staff of this outreach program has sev- 

eral specific goals for this ministry. They in- 

(1) That more Hispanic adults will recognize 
their need for Christ. 

(2) That by beginning a BYC program for 
the migrant youth, the needs of this age 
group will be met. 

(3) That by planting the love of Jesus in the 
hearts of small children, a lasting impact 
will be made upon their lives. 

(4) That the workers will have wisdom in 
dealing with the many social issues they 

Those who are working in this ministry to 
Hispanics will greatly appreciate the love, 
concern, and prayers of other Brethren as 
they continue this outreach to Hispanics. [t] 

The biweekly sessions for the 
Mexican children include sing- 
ing, eating, lesson time, and 
crafts. At the left, Theresa 
Showalter and Janet Solomon 
lead some of the children in a 
Bible lesson, while other chil- 
dren are having crafts. Above, 
Marisol Lazo poses with flowers 
she made in crafts class. 

October 1982 

A Dry and Thirsty Land 

New Brethren missionaries Robert and Juanita Dillard share their 
first impressions of Medellin, Colombia. 

O God, thou art my God; early will I seek 
thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh 
longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, 
where no water is ... . Psalm 63.1 

SEVERAL Brethren have written us ask- 
ing, "What is Medellin like? What were 
some of your first impressions?" 

Geographically, Medellin is very much like 
San Jose, Costa Rica, where 
we studied last year. It is a 
place of mountains and beauti- 
ful scenery, with a climate of 
eternal spring. You can see, 
therefore, that the verse above 
from Psalm 63 does not de- 
scribe the scenery of this city. 

But Psalm 63:1 does de- 
scribe our thoughts as we re- 
flect on the people of Medellin. 
This is a dry and thirsty land, 
where only a very small per- 
centage of the people would 
dare call themselves "evangel- 
icals." The newspaper here 
this week termed Medellin 
the "crime capital of South ■«*■— 
America." It's a city in which So6 ' Lucas > and 
300 persons have been killed by shooting 
since the first of this year, and where 
another 200 were stabbed to death. 

We share this information only in order to 
move you to pray earnestly for the ministry 
here. Pray for the Logans, for the Colombian 
believers, and for a movement of the Holy 
Spirit in this land. 

Actually, the crime statistics here only in- 
dicate that we live in a large city on planet 
earth, where less than one-third of mankind 
professes to be Christian and where far fewer 
call themselves "evangelicals." No, don't 
pray just for us and our ministry. Pray for 
yourselves and your ministry too! 

We are missionaries in Colombia, where 
we find ourselves in a sin-sick, thirsty land. 
You are all missionaries in another sin-sick, 
thirsty place called the United States. We 
are also praying for your ministry. As am- 
bassadors for Christ, we must all represent 
Him before this lost world. 

Now having said all that, we can tell you 


that we do face a few different "hurdles" ir 
the Christian race we are running here ir 
Colombia. The language and culture of Co 
lombia and Medellin are hurdles that we art 
slowly, but surely, overcoming, thanks to the 
Lord and the kindness of the family of Goc 
here. The Solomons and Logans have helpec 
to lay a firm foundation for the strength anc 
love we now see in the church 
We have been warmly ac 
cepted by the Brethren of Co- 
lombia, due in part to the 
ministry of these missionary 

Juanita, Lucas, and I are 
presently ministering with the 
church in El Poblado, ar 
upper-middle class neighbor- 
hood. We are working with the 
church's pastor, Dario Tobon 
and his family. He is an ex 
perienced minister and a very 
capable leader. Together we 
are leading Bible studies in 
various parts of Poblado and in 
other out-lying areas. We alsc 
share responsibility for the 
Sunday service in his home. 

In addition to this work, we have begun to 
take some responsibility for ministering with 
the youth of several of our churches. The 
Logans helped the youth organize, and now 
Juanita and I are trying to discover just how 
much we really learned working with the 
young people in Sarasota a few years ago 
Seriously, though, we would appreciate 
specific prayer for God's direction in our 
ministry. Pray that God would guide us in 
the work in which we are already involved 
and also that He will lead us to other minis 
try possibilities in the months ahead. 

Brethren, thank you so much for your sup 
port. If cards and letters are any indication of 
your support for us, then we are indeed 
praising God for your faithfulness! We really 
mean it when we say we are praying for you 
and your ministries back home. Let's all 
mean business together and prayerfully ful- 
fill our Lord's Great Commission. Let us all 
go out and make disciples! ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Juanita Dillard 

An Organizational Design for The Brethren Church 

Part V, Defining Church-Pastor Relationships 

by Jack L. Oxenrider 


N The Brethren Church, the relationship 
between the congregation and the pastor 

e must be one of shared responsibility and 
mutual accountability. In order for the pas- 
tor and the congregation to work together in 
unity, both must understand the function of 
ministry, clarify areas of responsibility, and 
develop an adequate system of mutual ac- 
countability. The alternative is disorder and 

e fragmentation . 

Disorder was a potential problem within 
the first century church as well as in The 
Brethren Church. The experience of Jesus, 
the teaching of the Apostle Paul, and the re- 
curring example of history all reveal that 
great diversity existed within the church. 
Jesus' Twelve Apostles demonstrated that 
not all believers are alike in personality, ex- 
perience, ability, attitude, interests, and ap- 
titude. In addition, Paul said, "Now there are 
varieties of gifts .... varieties of ministries 
. varieties of effects .... But to each one 
is given the manifestation of the Spirit for 
the common good [unity]" (I Cor. 12:4-7, 
NASB). History has demonstrated, if by no 
other means than the current proliferation of 
Christian denominations, that diversity is a 
reality in the Christian church. Further- 
more, diversity is a part of even the smallest 
Brethren congregation today. 

Unity is essential 

But amid diversity, the Scriptures call for 
unity. So the question must be asked, "Is 
unity a realistic goal?" The answer is an em- 
phatic "Yes!" Unity is not only a realistic 
goal, it is an essential goal of the church. 
Paul said in I Corinthians 12:25-27, ". . . 
there should be no division in the body, but 
that the members should have the same care 
for one another. And if one member suffers, 

Dr. Oxenrider is senior pastor of the Jefferson 
Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind. This is the final 
article in this series on "An Organizational Design 
for The Brethren Church." 

October 1982 

all the members suffer with it; if one member 
is honored, all the members rejoice with it. 
Now you are Christ's body, and individually 
members of it" (NASB). 

The Scriptures teach that the unity of the 
body of Christ is essential. Amid diversity, 
God calls His church to unity. How do we 
achieve that unity? How can we ever expect 
to find unity in diversity? The key to unity is 
voluntarily-shared responsibility and mutual 

Submission and freedom 

Paul said in Ephesians 5:21, "Submit to 
one another out of reverence for Christ" 
(NIV). Submission is a negative word in our 
self-centered, liberation-oriented, individ- 
ualistic society. People are not inherently 
submissive. They rebel against the word and 
the concept. Rogefs International Thesaurus 
lists eighteen categories of synonyms for the 
word "submission." The negative connotation 
of the word is best captured by "to bow down, 
to give way to, to knuckle under, to succumb, 
to eat dirt, to eat crow, to eat humble pie." 1 Is 
it any wonder people, including pastors, do 
not like the idea of submission? Yet, mutual 
submission is a principle of Scripture. 

Liberation and freedom are also Christian 
principles. A historical study of the progress 
of mankind's liberation reveals that the roots 
of individual freedom are found in the Judeo- 
Christian tradition. It was Christianity that 
established the very principles of individual 
freedom. The gospel of Jesus Christ was and 
is a gospel of freedom. Jesus said, "If there- 
fore the Son shall make you free, you shall 
be free indeed" (John 8:36, NASB). 

The gospel of Jesus Christ is a liberating 
gospel that says, "Submit to one another out 
of reverence for Christ" (Eph. 5:21, NIV). 
Freedom and submission are both major 

continued on next page) 

'Robert L. Chapman, Roget's International 
Thesaurus (New York: Thomas Y. Cromwell Com- 
pany, 1977), pp. 607-608. 

"Freedom and submission are both major Christian 
principles. Therefore, the unity of the church emerges 
in a balance between freedom and submission." 

Christian principles. Therefore, the unity of 
the church emerges in a balance between 
freedom and submission. 

It is unfortunate that the New Testament 
Greek word hupotasso, which is translated 
"submission," has taken on negative conno- 
tations. The Greek idea is more positive. 
Hupotasso is a compound word made up of a 
preposition, hupo, and the root word, tasso. 
The preposition hupo means under. Tasso, 
the root, means by appointment or arrange- 
ment or obligation. The simple meaning of 
the word is "under obligation." 2 

An English word which better captures its 
meaning in a positive manner is "accounta- 
bility." It is through accountability that the 
unity of the church is maintained. It is 
through accountability to one another that 
the extreme diversity within the body of 
Christ can be brought together in unity. 

God does not call people to submission or 
to being accountable because He is a tyrant 
who likes to see people "eat dirt." God calls 
for accountability in relationships because 
He knows that unity can only be achieved 
through mutual accountability. In His wis- 
dom, He knows that voluntarily-contracted 
relationships of mutual accountability are 
the keys to unity in diversity. The other op- 
tions are fragmentation and chaos. 

Prerequisites to accountability 

How is accountability established in the 
church? First of all, it must be recognized 
that there are four basic prerequisites to ac- 
countability. They are (1) love, (2) trust, (3) 
security, and (4) respect. People will not 
enter into an accountable relationship if 
these prerequisites are not present. Being ac- 
countable can be very intimidating. For 
people to agree to be accountable, they must 
be secure in themselves and in their relation- 
ships. People will not volunteer to be under 
obligation to a person or organization that 
they do not respect. People can be forced to 
obey, but this is far different from what the 
Scriptures refer to as being willingly and joy- 
fully "accountable to one another." 

2 Gerhard Kittel, ed., Theological Dictionary of 
the New Testament, Vol. VIII (Grand Rapids: Wil- 
liam B. Erdmans Publishing Co., 1972), pp. 27-31. 


Where does accountability start? The 
popular understanding of submission is that 
it starts at the bottom. Whoever has the low- 
est position and the least power and author- 
ity is to be accountable to the one who has a 
higher position, more power, more authority. 
But the model of Christ and the tradition of 
The Brethren Church teach us that account- 
ability starts at the core. It starts with those 
who have the most responsibility, authority, 
and power. Accountability begins with those 
in positions of leadership. 

Accountability begins with the leadership 

In the local church accountability begins 
with the pastoral and congregational leader- 
ship. When those in leadership begin to act 
with love, trust, security, and respect, they 
develop an atmosphere in which accountabil- 
ity can flourish. 

Accountability is a common problem in 
The Brethren Church. Some pastors avoid 
accountability. I have heard pastors say, "I 
am accountable to God." That's certainly 
true. But the responsibilities a pastor as- 
sumes must be interpreted and stipulated by 
the congregation. Therefore, the pastor must 
be accountable to God through the congre- 

In the same manner, some members resist 
being accountable to the church and the pas- 
tor. Such behavior is equally counterproduc- 

Pastors and congregations often resist 
stipulated responsibilities. I have heard the 
comment, "The ministry is not a business 
and cannot be run like a business. You can't 
record or define ministerial and congrega- 
tional responsibilities." But the Scriptures 
clearly define the role of ministry within the 
New Testament church, and such a practice 
of stipulating responsibilities and channels 
of accountability is applicable today. 

In The Brethren Church, the relationship 
between the congregation and the pastor 
must be one of shared responsibility and 
mutual accountability. Because Brethren 
people have ministry, priestly, and organiza- 
tional functions to share with the elders, the 
traditional cultural models and definitions of 
pastoral ministry are inadequate. The Breth- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In The Brethren Church, the relationship between 
the congregation and the pastor must be one of 
shared responsibility and mutual accountability." 

<ren belief in the equality and the shared 
! ministry of the brotherhood-church with the 
' pastor makes the leadership function of the 
pastor unique. Thus, to achieve unity in The 
Brethren Church between the pastor and the 
, i church, both must understand the function of 
'ministry, clarify areas of responsibility, and 
(develop an adequate system of mutual ac- 

In an attempt to define itself, the Jefferson 
Brethren Church has entered into a process 
J of defining its organization, purpose, and 
i ministry. The church has spelled out the re- 
sponsibilities of the ministry groups and the 
ministry leadership. This has been done in 
the form of written job descriptions, called 
"Ministry Guidelines." These guidelines are 
icompiled in a notebook, called the "Ministry 
IjNotebook." Each person in leadership not 
I ! only has a written description of his or her 
[(responsibilities but also of all the other lead- 
ers' responsibilities. 

The congregational leadership has also de- 
veloped a system of accountability. Initially, 
this accountability was fulfilled by monthly 
|| verbal reports to the Board of Administrators 
land quarterly verbal reports to the congrega- 
tional business meetings. These verbal 
reports were recorded in the official minutes. 
jMore recently, however, this system of ac- 
countability has developed into quarterly 
tiwritten reports that are made available to 
i jthe Board of Administrators and to the con- 

Pastoral responsibilities defined 

I The responsibilities of the pastoral staff 
'have also been carefully defined by the Jef- 
ferson Brethren Church. Within the past 
jtwelve years, the pastoral contracts have 
'been reviewed and revised three times. The 
ijjmost recent review and revision was the 
[jmost extensive. It was made to better define 
! the role of the elder within the established 
■tradition and polity of The Brethren Church 
land to improve the congregation's under- 
standing of the pastor's responsibilities. The 
iJefferson Brethren Church currently has two 
■persons on staff. Therefore, the pastoral re- 
sponsibilities are interrelated and interde- 
i pendent. 

Accountability is also an essential part of 
the pastor's responsibility. In an effort to 
model accountability, to strengthen the unity 
of the congregation through mutual account- 
ability, and to keep the congregation in- 
formed, the pastor has voluntarily estab- 
lished a system of regular accountability. 

Pastoral accountability first took the form 
of monthly verbal reports to the moderator. 
That system was inadequate. Therefore, a 
written report was developed. These reports 
are made monthly to the moderator and 
quarterly to the congregation. The reports 
reflect the wide range of pastoral responsibil- 
ity and keep the congregational leadership 
and the congregation as a whole informed of 
pastoral responsibility and function. 


Shared leadership in The Brethren Church 
is essential to the success of its ministry. 
Such shared leadership is dependent on an 
organizational design that fosters and en- 
courages sharing. 

This genius of The Brethren Church has 
been captured in the historic Anabaptist 
ideal of the brotherhood-church, which em- 
bodies the full theological idea of the body of 
Christ. The body of Christ was a key idea in 
Brethren thought and is the central image 
around which the church has been modeled. 
The brotherhood-church expresses the coop- 
erative nature of the covenant relationship 
in which Brethren share responsibility with 
one another and consider themselves equally 
important to the church. (See Part II.) 

The collaborative structure, a hopeful view 
of redeemed man, and mutual accountability 
are the organizational principles upon which 
a leadership model for a Brethren pastor 
must be built. These three elements, as dis- 
cussed in this series, form the guidelines for 
the shared leadership of The Brethren 
Church. (See Part III.) [t] 

The "Ministry Notebook," which contains de- 
tailed ministry job descriptions, pastoral contracts, 
report forms, organizational design work sheets, 
and other items referred to in this series, is avail- 
able from the author for $5.50. Write to J.L. Oxen- 
rider, Jefferson Brethren Church, 58915 S.R. 15, 
Goshen, IN 46536. 

(October 1982 


Ashland College 

"A Time of Opportunity" 

by Joseph R. Shultz 
President, Ashland College and Theological Seminary 

ASHLAND COLLEGE is built upon the 
principle that all work is sacred. We are 
continuing in the tradition of the founders of 
the college, who believed that the arts 
and humanities are not only worthwhile in 
themselves, but the basis for the develop- 
ment and understanding of life for every edu- 
cated person, regardless of his or her voca- 

At Ashland there is no artificial dichotomy 
between the liberal arts and professional prep- 
aration. They are both integral to the educa- 
tion and development of the whole person. 

Ashland College, founded in 1878, con- 
tinues to enjoy a close relationship with The 
Brethren Church. It is this relationship that 
imparts the positive moral and spiritual tone 
and fosters the Christian values that charac- 
terize the college community. 

Beginning in the late 1940's, Ashland un- 
derwent a period of rapid growth, with its en- 
rollment expanding from 780 in 1946 to 
2,757 in 1982. During the late 1960's and the 
1970's, the physical campus grew from three 
buildings valued at $1 million to 42 build- 
ings with an investment value of $60 mil- 
lion. The seminary also grew from two rooms 
in Miller Hall to a 6.2 
acre campus with six 
buildings with a valua- 
tion of approximately $2 
million. All of this was 
achieved when building 

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costs were less than $20 a square foot and in- 
terest rates were at 2 3 A to 8 percent. 

Today, with 82 major fields of study, Ash- 
land offers its students many of the benefits 
of a university education — in a small college 
setting conducive to individual attention and 
close relationships among faculty, adminis- 
tration, and students. 

Today Ashland's 12,000 college and semi- 
nary alumni live in all 50 states and 19 
countries. The seminary alumni are serving 
"around the world." "The sun does not set on 
seminary alumni — preaching the gospel." 

God's Time is Always 
"A Time of Opportunity" 

In America we are living in a "time of the 
parenthesis" — a time between eras — and this 
creates turbulence. The decade ahead in edu- 
cation will be very uncertain and exciting. 
Education must learn to live with uncer- 
tainty. However, endowment is the basis for 
steering through uncertainty. 

The college has targeted five areas for 
which endowment funds are being sought. 
When $7.7 million is committed, all five 
areas will be fully realized. 
1. Plant 

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The Brethren Evangelist 

In order to minimize Ashland's present 
dependence on tuition income for ongoing 
plant maintenance, the college proposes to 
increase the corpus of the plant endow- 
ment fund. 

Energy Conservation and Campus 
Renewal Program (current): $300,000 
A complete campus survey, facility by 
facility, will identify specific and indi- 
vidual cost-saving improvements — includ- 
ing the possible installation of new energy 
technology, with the potential for sub- 
stantial annual savings. 
Scholarship Endowment Program: 

Fifty percent of Ashland's students cur- 
rently receive financial aid — money which 
now comes from operating funds. A 
strengthened scholarship endowment 
program will free a larger portion of these 
operating funds for other uses, while help- 
ing to offset the negative impact of tuition 
increases on the accessibility of an Ash- 
land education. 

Faculty Endowment Program: $1,200,000 
Ashland College recognizes that its qual- 

ity as an institution can be no greater 
than the quality of its faculty, and that, 
therefore, the college must always en- 
deavor to retain and attract the most 
talented professors. 
5. Unrestricted Annual Giving: $2,700,000 
The trustees, faculty, administration, 
alumni, and friends of Ashland College 
have in recent years brought the annual 
giving program to an all-time high level 
of $600,000. 

"A Time of Opportunity" campaign, which 
began in October 1981, has received gifts and 
pledges in the amount of $4,098,353.68. This 
includes $424,000 for the seminary endow- 

Finally, we believe that institutions of 
higher education must do more than pass on 
knowledge. They must bring together stu- 
dents, teachers, and leaders in order to ad- 
dress the significant issues, respond to the 
urgent human needs, and solve the pressing 
problems of our time. 

In these ways we shall meet the challenges 
of the 1980's — a time of opportunity for Ash- 
land College, Ashland Theological Seminary, 
and the world. [t] 

AC One Thousand 

by Frederick T. Burkey 
Director of Development for Ashland College 

SEVERAL times each year, Brethren stu- 
dents stop by my office in Founders Hall 
to ask advice in securing additional financial 
aid. Because their need is usually genuine, 
we have been able to help many in meeting 
the high cost of a college education. 

Those of us at Ashland College do every- 
thing we can to help our students minimize 
their educational costs. Unfortunately, we 
have limited available resources. Qualified 
students may receive state and/or federal 
grants or work-study funds. When possible, 
these are supplemented by scholarships, 
merit awards, or departmental grants. The 
balance must be paid by the student and his 
family out of savings or through loan pro- 

With more than half of Ashland College's 
students receiving financial aid (and this is 
typical of all colleges and universities), it is 
urgent that a growing pool of resources be 
made available for student aid. 

AC-1000 is a step in that direction. It is a 
mini-campaign whose goal is to raise $1 mil- 

lion for endowment over the next four years. 
Dr. Glenn L. Clayton, President Emeritus of 
Ashland College, is the enthusiastic director 
of this new program. While AC-1000 focuses 
primarily on building up the endowment for 
scholarships, some donors may wish to desig- 
nate their gifts to assure an excellent teach- 
ing faculty or proper care of Ashland's mod- 
ern $55 million facility. 

Actually, AC-1000 has a simple formula 
for success. One thousand alumni and friends 
are being asked to pledge $1,000 or more, 
payable over a four-year period. Thus, 
$1,000,000 can be added to Ashland College's 
endowment fund. At today's interest rates, 
that would provide an additional $100,000 
annually for scholarships, professorships, 
and/or capital needs. 

An integral part of the college's $7.7 mil- 
lion capital campaign, the AC-1000 program 
for expansion of the endowment fund is both 
timely and urgent. In the decade ahead, Ash- 
land College must cope with spiraling infla- 

(continued on page 17) 

October 1982 


Ashland College 

Opportunities for Planned Giving 

by William H. Etling 
Vice President for Development for Ashland College 

MANY people would like to make a sub- 
stantial gift to charity during life, but 
cannot afford to give up the future income 
the gift property would produce. Conversely, 
others can afford to make a substantial out- 
right gift but hesitate to do so because they 
wish to ensure the financial security of their 

This article will highlight two programs at 
Ashland College which permit gifts to be 
made without loss of income and which per- 
mit family estate objectives to be met. 

Ashland College Long Term 
Pooled Income Fund 

The Ashland College Long Term Pooled In- 
come Fund received Internal Revenue Ser- 
vice approval and was established in October 
1981. Currently, $157,950 has been contrib- 
uted to the fund. 

The investment objective of the fund is to 
provide a safe and increasing value for the 
college in the remainder, and to seek a sub- 
stantial, secure, and sustained rate of income 

over the long term for the donors. Currently, 
the fund is yielding about 13%. It is the pres- 
ent intention of the college as trustee to in- 
vest principally in long- or intermediate- 
term corporate bonds rated "AA" or better by 
Standard and Poor's. 

Benefits to the donor are: 

1. An opportunity to materially increase in- 
come for the donor and spouse. 

2. Generous charitable contribution deduc- 

3. Complete avoidance of capital gain tax. 

4. Reduction of federal estate taxes and pro- 
bate costs. 

A gift to the Pooled Fund in effect divides 
the property transferred into two separate 
interests — an income interest and a remain- 
der interest — each of which has an ascertain- 
able value. The income interest may con- 
tinue for the life or lives of one or more 
beneficiaries. The remainder interest passes 
to charity immediately upon the transfer of 
property to the fund, but the charity must 
wait to use the property until after the expi- 
ration of the income interest. 

The following table shows sample values of 
the remainder interest where the income in- 
terest is to continue through one person's 
lifetime, and two lives where donor and 
spouse are the same age. 


Value of Remain 

der Interest 

Age of 


in % (6% 

cap. rate) 


One Life 

Two Lives 




Donor and spouse same age 





















Charitable Remainder Lead Trust 

This is a trust in Ashland College or any 
trustee designated by Ashland College, other 
than the donors, providing for an annual 
payment of a fixed amount for the life of the 
donor, or, preferably, for a fixed term of 
years, with the remainder going to the 


The Brethren Evangelist 

donor's chosen beneficiaries, usually children 
)r grandchildren. 

The effect of the trust is: 

1. The college has a fixed income for a term 
of years. 

2. The donor does not have the income tax 
on income of the trust property (assuming 
it is properly structured so as not to be a 
"Grantor Trust"). Since the donor is not 
entitled to the income, he is not treated as 
making a deductible gift of the income. 

|3. At today's high yields and the IRS an- 
nuity tables based on an assumed yield of 
6%, it is possible to get the property to the 
donor's intended heirs without any gift or 
estate tax. 

For example: $1,000,000 is given to such 
a trust for a term of 12 years with an an- 
nuity to the college of $120,000 per year. 
Table B of IRS Req. 25.2512 values a 12- 
year annuity of $1 per year at $8.3838. 
Thus the annuity value of $120,000 per 
year is $1,006,560, leaving no value for the 

remainder. The $1,000,000 could be in- 
vested in $1,500,000 face amount of U.S. 
Treasury Bonds due November 1993, 8%% 
Cpn., at $67 with current yield of 12.8% 
($128,700 per year). Thus, the Donor's rela- 
tives at the end of 12 years would receive 
$1,500,000 free of tax, except the capital 
gain tax of 20%, netting them $1,200,000. 
In the meantime, the college would have 
received $1,440,000 in the form of an an- 

Ashland College will welcome the oppor- 
tunity to cooperate with you and your attor- 
ney or tax consultant in planning a gift to 
the college. All inquiries are treated with 
privacy and entail no obligation. 

If you wish further information on the 
Ashland College Pooled Fund, Charitable 
Remainder Lead Trust, or other life income 
arrangements, please telephone (419) 289- 
4157, or write William H. Etling, Vice Presi- 
dent for Development, Ashland College, Ash- 
land, Ohio 44805. [t] 

Money is Free at Ashland College 

by Alvin Shifflett 

THAT'S right, money is free for the taking 
at Ashland College! Twice a year Ash- 
land College gives away money, bushels of it, 
in the form of scholarships. 

Last year the Ashland College Scholar 
Testing program, offered in the fall and 
spring, gave away over $173,000. 

But Brethren people are not taking advan- 
tage of this giveaway. I know. I was present 
at the fall and spring testing programs. On 
both occasions I had someone there to take 
the test. While I was there, I circulated 
among the students and asked, "Where are 
you from?" Brethren students could be 
counted on the fingers of my hands. 

My burning and perplexing question: 
"Where were the Brethren students?" Well, 
I'll tell you where they were: They were back 
in their home states filling out reams of 
paperwork for state scholarships — scholar- 
ships for which there is heavy competition. I 
know about that too, for I filled out more 
scholarship papers last year than I did for 
the IRS in January! And most of it was an 
exercise in futility, as less and less money is 

Rev. Shifflett is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church ofNappanee, Ind., and regular contributor 
of "The Salt Shaker" to the Evangelist. 

available for students due to the economic 
woes of our nation. 

Many Brethren are saying that Ashland 
College is spelled M-O-N-E-Y. Listen, I know 
what Ashland College costs in comparison to 
state schools, because I made the compari- 
son. I also know what Ashland College is 
willing to do in order to attract Brethren stu- 
dents. If you're willing to inquire, to do your 
homework, you will find that for the good 
student (are there any bad Brethren stu- 
dents?) Ashland College offers as many or 
more scholarships than any other school. 

For example, I did some mental work at 
the fall and spring AC Scholar Testing pro- 
grams. Altogether, $173,000 dollars were 
being doled out to those who tested well. I 
would estimate that in the fall and spring a 
total of 300 students took the test (more take 
it in the fall than in the spring). 

Do you realize that 300 students compet- 
ing for over $173,000 makes the odds ex- 
tremely attractive and worthwhile? Since 
around 30 different scholarships were given, 
this made the odds of wining about 1 in 10! 
Do you realize the odds in a McDonald's con- 
test, or a Reader's Digest contest? Yet many 
of you keep sending in those assigned num- 

(continued on page 17) 

October 1982 


Left, dishing it out. Middle, eating it up. Right, passing out the prizes. 

Ohio's Biggest Banana Split 

WHEN Ashland College President Joseph 
R. Shultz fired the gun, 360 ice cream 
lovers made a mad dash under threatening 
skies to a football-field-long banana split 
stretched out across the campus quad. Their 
goal: to see which eight-member team could 
eat its section of the "split" the fastest, 
slowest, sloppiest, or with the most style. 

Faculty, staff, and students all partici- 
pated in the event, which was held Wednes- 
day evening, September 1. They ate their 
banana splits from carpet rolls, which had 
been split, laid out on tables and saw horses, 
and filled with bananas and ice cream cov- 
ered with toppings, nuts, and whipped cream. 
More than a thousand people, including a TV 
crew from P.M. Magazine in Cleveland, were 
on hand to witness the contest. 

Winning teams received silver banana 
split dishes mounted as plaques. Captains of 
winning teams also were awarded a dinner 


and a Jim Dandy Sundae at Friendly Ice 
Cream, which donated 180 gallons of choco- 
late, strawberry, and vanilla ice cream for 
the occasion, not to mention the bananas, 
nuts, toppings, and whipped cream. 

Each contestant paid 50 cents to partici- 
pate in the event, which was sponsored by 
AC's Hope Fellowship. The group will use 
the profits for a contribution to World Relief, 
student scholarships for leadership training 
workshops sponsored by the Institute in 
Basic Youth Conflicts, and furnishings for 
the Salt Cellar, the Hope Fellowship meeting 
place in the basement of the campus chapel. 

"In addition to promoting campus unity, 
the event raised $279.50," said James J. 
Menninger, AC director of religious affairs. 
"Most important, though, is the response of 
the community, both town and gown, in its 
celebration of a new school year." 

There was a gala waving of towels near 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Money is Free at Ashland College 

{continued from page 15) 
Ijbers with a wing and a prayer, hoping to win 
lagainst overwhelming odds. 

The truth is, the odds of your son or daugh- 
ter winning a scholarship are extremely good 
jat Ashland College. As I said, I went to both 
(the fall and spring testing programs. Out of 
(that, one of our students from Nappanee won 
la full four-year ride at Ashland College. 
{That's the equivalent of about $35,000 dol- 
lars (counting inflation)! Nothing to sneeze 
[at. The only requirement is that he maintain 
ja 3.0 average. I would've loved such a chal- 
lenge when I was in school. My own son re- 
ceived an $850 grant. Here are two students, 
neither of them straight-A students or in the 
top 10 r /r of their graduating class, yet to- 
gether they are receiving over $30,000 from 
the AC Scholar Testing program. Now if that 
isn't worth shooting for, I'll eat my jogging 

But what is rather discouraging is that I 
[sent letters to all Northern Indiana Brethren 
{churches last spring saying, "Bring your stu- 
dents to Nappanee and I'll see that they get 
[to the AC Scholar Testing program at Ash- 
jland College. We'll take them on the bus and 
lit will cost you $1.00, for a man in the Nap- 
ipanee church is willing to subsidize the 
[travel cost. Ashland College will house and 
[feed us once we arrive." 

Actually, the only cost to the student was 
(time, plus the price of a food stop at a fast- 
Jfood restaurant on the way out and back. Do 
you know how many went from other 
jchurches? You guessed it. Zero. A typical 
[Brethren response. 

Well, we went anyway. If they're giving 
}out free money at Ashland, then I want our 

Ohio's Biggest Banana Split 

(continued from previous page) 
Ithe conclusion of the contest as team judges 
(signaled to referees that each team had com- 
pleted its banana splits. Judges and referees 
reported each team's time to Menninger and 
then consulted on the awarding of sloppy, 
neat, stylish, and slow prizes. 

"One prize we did not offer was an award 
for the team which ate the most. It would 
have been impossible," said student John 
jSangdahl, Hope Fellowship chairman of the 
[event. "For one thing, everyone received the 
same amount of ice cream, and, for another, 
we didn't think it appropriate that an organi- 
zation which is interested in world hunger 
should encourage overeating." [t] 

October 1982 

students to take a crack at it. Scott Bowers of 
Nappanee took a good shot at it and got the 
top prize as a result. 

Now I have people asking, "Do you plan to 
do the same thing this coming school term?" 
To which I reply, "You bet!" 

I want to see Brethren students go after 
that money. I'd love to take a bus load of 
Brethren students from Indiana to the Schol- 
ar Testing program. Let's divert that money 
to our own students. I'd like to have fifty 
Brethren students eat lunch with the presi- 
dent of Ashland College in the AC'cent 
Room. You get me the students, your sons 
and daughters, and I'll find the money to pay 
for the lunch, even if we have to take it out 
of the president's salary (sorry about that 

Let's go after that money. We have two 
shots at it, in the fall and spring. And as 
smart as Brethren students are, how can 
they miss? [t] 

The next AC Scholar Test is set for November 
13, with 42 scholarships totalling nearly $50,000 
to be awarded for the 1983-84 school year. For 
more information, contact the Office of Admis- 
sions, Ashland College, Ashland, OH 44805. 

AC One Thousand 

(continued from page 13) 
tion, fluctuating enrollments, escalating 
energy costs, curtailed student-aid funding, 
and unexpected demands on institutional re- 
sources. To achieve long-term financial sta- 
bility, maintain high academic standards, 
and preserve its distinctive character, Ash- 
land College's endowment goals must be met 
or exceeded. 

Your participation is needed. So, while 
$1,000 may seem like a lot of money, re- 
member that it amounts to only $250 per 
year or $20.84 per month. And donors may 
join any one of four membership groups: 

• Individual. 

• Business/Organizational — businesses, 
fraternities, sororities, alumni chapters, 
churches, service clubs, etc. Business/Organi- 
zational memberships require a minimum 
pledge of $4,000 over four years. 

• Memorial — honoring deceased loved ones 
or friends. 

• Honorary — recognizing living individuals, 
parents, children, or friends. 

A membership directory will be main- 
tained with updated membership lists pub- 
lished annually. To learn how you may par- 
ticipate in this important program, please 
contact the AC-1000 Office, Ashland College, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 (419) 289-5139. [t] 



Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

Sources of Authority — Scripture 

IN previous articles we have noted that it is 
God's primary purpose in human history to 
form a people for Himself. This purpose became a 
possibility for all people in the ministry of Jesus 
Christ, whose death opened the way for renewed 
fellowship with the Father and whose life pro- 
vided the model of the new life to which we are 

The question needs to be asked, however: How 
do we discover who God is and what His purpose 
for us is? God has given us two sources of knowl- 
edge that work together in revealing His truth. 
They are Scripture and the Holy Spirit. In this ar- 
ticle we will consider the first of these sources, 

Were it not for the fact that God has revealed 
Himself to us through Jesus Christ, the living 
Word, and through Scripture, the written word, 
we would have only a vague, incomplete under- 
standing of God and His will. Through the living 
and written Words, however, we have a complete 
knowledge of God's purpose for us in this life. 

There is a great deal of similarity between 
these two Words in their nature and authority. 
We believe that Jesus, the living Word, possessed 
divine and human natures. A similar affirmation 
can be made concerning the written word of God. 
Just as the living Word was human, yet without 
sin, so also the written word was penned by 
human authors whose writings, though bearing 
clear differences in style and purpose, possess an 
infallible character through the inspiration of the 
Holy Spirit. And just as Christ was divine yet lim- 
ited in the days of His flesh, so also Scripture per- 
fectly and authoritatively reveals the will of God, 
though we continue to see only dimly the totality 
of God's truth (I Cor. 13:12). 

It is true that all Scripture is equally inspired 
(II Tim. 3:16); yet priority must be given to the 
New Testament over the Old. This is true because 
the New Testament witnesses to Jesus Christ, 
who is the fullest revelation of God (see the state- 
ments in Heb. 1:1-2; 8:6, 13; 9:15; 10:1). Though 
the New Testament provides us with the fullest 


disclosure of God and His will, both Testaments 
are united in that they speak of only one divine 
purpose fulfilled in Christ. A thorough under- 
standing of the New Testament is therefore possi- 
ble only when we study carefully God's dealings 
with His Old Testament people, Israel (see Rom. 
15:4 and I Cor. 10:11). 

This view of Scripture has some very important 
implications for how we Brethren have tradition- 
ally understood and used God's word. First, be- 
cause Scripture is God's word, our proper re- 
sponse as His children is to believe and obey it "as 
it reads." It is important, however, to stress that 
this obedience should not be motivated by fear, 
but by grateful love for God (see I John 4:18-19). 

Second, because we Brethren have seen Jesus 
Christ as the supreme revealer of God the Father, 
special emphasis has been given to the teachings 
of Christ. It is this emphasis that caused earlier 
Brethren to take the historic stands they did on 
non-resistance (see Matt. 5:38-48), non-swearing 
of oaths (see Matt. 5:33-37), non-conformity to the 
world (see Matt. 6:19-34), and divorce (see Matt. 
5:27-32). Whatever our views on these questions 
may be, we need to appreciate the reason why the 
early Brethren took such strong stands. 

Third, because the Brethren view all Scripture 
as inspired, they have opposed such practices 
as proof-texting and pick-and-choose theologies. 
Proof-texting occurs when one takes a verse out of 
a scriptural passage and gives it a meaning not 
supported by its original context. Such a practice 
violates the inspired meaning of that particular 
passage and, no matter how holy the intention of 
the interpreter, runs the risk of twisting Scripture 
to conform to one's own viewpoint. 

Pick-and-choose theology involves taking only 
one side of a scriptural doctrine and arguing away 
or disregarding an equally important truth on the 
other side. For example, those who argue for un- 
conditional eternal security (it is impossible to fall 
from grace) cite Philippians 1:6; John 6:37; 10:27- 
29; Romans 11:29. But they explain away or com- 

(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Lynn W. Mercer ordained August 8 
at North Georgetown Church 

North Georgetown, Ohio — Lynn 
W. Mercer was ordained an elder 

I ;n the Brethren Church on Sunday 

; afternoon, August 8, in the First 

i Brethren Church of North 

j IGreorgetown, Ohio. 
( Dr. J. Ray Klingensmith, profes- 

j isor of biblical studies at Ashland 
jrheological Seminary, gave the or- 
dination message. Rev. Jeff Geas- 

Ijlen, pastor of the North George- 
town Church, led the service. 
Special music included two 

[numbers by the North Georgetown 
choir; a song by the Borton sisters 
of North Georgetown (Sondra 

[•Samples, Gerry Dorsey, and 
Donna Lysyj); and a vocal solo by 
iRev. James P. Miller, associate 
pastor of Park Street Brethren 
(Church Mrs. Larry Blessing 
iplayed the organ for the service, 
land Mrs. Mary Planchock played 
ithe piano. 

Mr. Larry Romigh, North 
[Georgetown moderator, read the 
jaction of the church calling for or- 
idination. Deacon Charles G. Stof- 
jfer (a relative of Lynn) offered 

l.'prayer. Mr. Stoffer's late brother, 

[jBryan, is the only person other 
than Lynn who was raised in the 
community and ordained at the 

Sources of Authority 

(continued from previous page) 
pletely disregard the warnings 
concerning faithfulness in He- 
brews 6:4-6; II Peter 1:10; 2:20- 
21; James 5:20. When we look at 
both sides, we see that God ever 
remains faithful, but He expects 
continued faithfulness from His 
people (remember the example of 
Old Testament Israel). It is im- 
portant, therefore, that we be- 
lieve and obey all Scripture, not 
jjust those passages that support 
our particular viewpoint. [t] 

October 1982 

II Jfetr *A\ 4 

Rev. Lynn W. Mercer (center) 
with Rev. Jeff Geaslen (left) and 
Rev. Donald Rowser. 

North Georgetown Brethren 

Rev. Donald E. Rowser, pastor 
of the New Lebanon Brethren 
Church, conducted the ordination 
of Lynn and the consecration of 
Lynn's wife, Susan. All the elders 
present participated in the laying 
on of hands, and the elders' wives 
joined in the laying on of hands 
for Susan. This included Mrs. 
Mercer's parents, Rev. and Mrs. 
John R. Crowe. Rev. Crowe is an 
ordained elder in the United 
Church of Christ. 

Rev. Mercer is the son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilfred Mercer and was 
born in Salem, Ohio, in 1954. He 
became a member of the First 
Brethren Church of North 
Georgetown in 1967. He served as 
Sunday school superintendent for 
several years and was the youth 
advisor for one year at North 

Lynn graduated from Ashland 
College in 1978, where he received 
the Outstanding Senior Religion 
Major Award. He received the 
master of divinity degree in 1981 
from Ashland Theological Semi- 

During his academic years, 
Lynn participated in the Summer 
Crusader program, served as a 
BYC pastoral intern at the First 

Brethren Church of Tucson, Ariz., 
and helped with the Sunday school 
and youth programs at Park 
Street Brethren Church. Lynn has 
also been active in the Ohio Dis- 
trict BYC organization and the 
Camp Bethany program. 

In June 1981, Lynn married 
Susan Elizabeth Crowe, daughter 
of Rev. and Mrs. John R. Crowe of 
Worcester, Mass. Susan graduated 
from Ashland College in 1981 with 
a bachelor of science in education 
degree. She is a teacher of or- 
thopedically handicapped children 
in the Dayton Public Schools. 

Rev. Mercer is currently the as- 
sistant pastor of the New Lebanon 
Brethren Church, to which he ac- 
cepted a call after completing sem- 
inary in June 1981. He also served 
as a pastoral intern at New Leba- 
non during the summer and fall of 

Homecoming, revival 
held at Kimsey Run 

Lost River, W. Va. — Homecom- 
ing was held at the Kimsey Run 
Brethren Church on Sunday, Au- 
gust 22. Rev. Bruce C. Shanholtz 
was the speaker for the afternoon 
homecoming service. 

During the service, a young man 
and a young woman accepted 
Christ as Savior and Lord. They 
were baptized in a nearby stream 
that same afternoon and then re- 
ceived into the fellowship of the 

Rev. Shanholtz also held revival 
services at the Kimsey Run 
Church September 15-19, closing 
with a Communion service. Ac- 
cording to Rev. Shanholtz, things 
are beginning to look encouraging 
for this congregation, which in 
recent years has dwindled to a 
membership of 16. 



New gymnasium floor installed at 
Riverside Christian School 

Lost Creek, Ky. — The Riverside 
Rams of Riverside Christian 
Training School are looking for- 
ward to playing their 1982-83 bas- 
ketball games on their new Dex-o- 
tex gymnasium floor. The new 
floor, which was installed during 
the summer, contains a neoprene 
and rubber-particle cushion coat 
beneath the playing surface. This 
makes the floor almost immune to 
water damage. 

The new floor has an attractive 
appearance, suitable for special 
events such as graduation, but is 
durable enough for all indoor ath- 

Robert Allen hired as 
print shop manager at 
Brethren Publishing Co. 

Ashland, Ohio — Mr. Robert Allen 
was employed as print shop man- 
ager for the Brethren Publishing 
Company in July. His employment 
was part of the transition to im- 
plementation of phase two of the 
Brethren Church National Office 

Allen has taken over supervi- 
sion of the printing aspects of 
the Publishing Company formerly 
cared for by Ronald W. Waters. 
Waters, who became director of de- 
nominational business October 1, 
will continue to provide executive 
leadership for the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company as one function 
of his new position. 

Allen has over 30 years experi- 
ence in the printing trades. He 

was, for 
some years, 
manager of 
the printing 
and man- 
ager of 
at White- 
house in 


Mr. Robert Allen 

letic events, in- 
cluding roller- 
To further di- 
minish the possi- 
bility of water 
damage to the 
gymnasium, a 
drainage system 
and sump pump 
were installed. 
Other improve- 
ments to the gymnasium include 
remodeling the officials' dressing 
room and converting a shop area 
into two dressing rooms for girls. 
The shop itself was moved to the 
maintenance building. 

These improvements were made 
possible by a grant from the E.O. 
Robinson Foundation, a local foun- 

• • * ' 

The new gymnasium floor at Riverside School. 

dation devoted to the improvement 
of the Appalachian area. 

— reported by Kathy Keck 

(Note: Riverside is in need of old 
mowers or mower parts. Any contri- 
bution along this line would be much 
appreciated. For more information, 
contact Doran Hostetler, school ad- 

Mansfield. Immediately prior to 
his move to the Brethren Publish- 
ing Company, he was employed at 
National Graphics in Mansfield. 

He also serves on the advisory 
committee for graphic arts at 
the Ashland County-West Holmes 
Joint Vocational School. 

His responsibilities at the 
Brethren Publishing Company in- 
clude printing sales and manage- 
ment of the printing department. 

Allen and his wife, Keitha, re- 
side in Mansfield and are active 
in the United Methodist Church 

National salute planned 
for Vietnam veterans 
November 10 to 14 

Ashland, Ohio — A National Sa- 
lute to Vietnam Veterans is being 
planned for November 10 to 14, 
1982. The purposes of this salute 
are to pay tribute to Vietnam vet- 
erans and to those who lost their 
lives or remain missing in Viet- 
nam; to foster reconciliation over 
the divisions caused by the Viet- 
nam war; and to educate the pub- 
lic about the meaning of the Viet- 
nam Veterans Memorial being 

erected in Washington, D.C. 

The salute will include a parade 
honoring Vietnam veterans; mili- 
tary unit reunions; an entertainer's 
show; and a vigil when names of 
the nearly 58,000 killed or missing 
in Vietnam will be read. 

Also planned are nationwide re- 
ligious services in tribute to all 
Americans who served in the 
Vietnam war. Churches and 
synagogues across the U.S. are 
being encouraged to honor the ser- 
vice and sacrifice of our Vietnam 
veterans and pay final tribute to 
all who died through a sermon, 
dedication of prayers, ringing of 
church bells, or a special service. 

Brethren churches are likewise 
being urged to join in this salute 
by planning special observances 
on Sunday, November 14. We, 
along with other churches 
throughout our country, can thus 
help to heal the wounds and divi- 
sions caused by the Vietnam war. 

In recognition of this salute, next 
month's issue of the Evangelist 
will include an article related to the 
event, written by Captain Daniel 
DeVeny, a Vietnam veteran who 
now serves as a Brethren chaplain 
in the United States Army. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Rev. Woodrow A. Immel retires 
from pastoral ministry 

if. Manchester, Ind. — Rev. 
!/oodrow A. Immel retired from 
le pastoral ministry on October 
!. For the past 21 years, he served 
s pastor of the First Brethren 
[hurch of North Manchester. 
i Rev. Immel was ordained to the 
lastoral ministry in December 
(950. He served as pastor of the 
jirst Brethren Church of Milford, 
pd., from 1951 to 1958, and as 
jiterim pastor at the Warsaw, 
j'eegarden, Mexico, and New Paris 
llrethren congregations. He also 
'aught high school and junior high 
:hool for a number of years. 

In the 21 years Rev. Immel 
erved at North Manchester, the 
ongregation grew both numeri- 
ally and spiritually. Average at- 
andance went from 142 in 1962 to 
|55 in 1982. Rev. Immel baptized 
'08 persons during this time. 

A sign of the spiritual growth of 
pe congregation is the fact that 
■ve men were ordained to the pas- 
jjral ministry during Rev. Immel's 
iears at the church. The five are 
|ev. Larry Bolinger, Rev. Clar- 
jnce Kindley, Rev. Richard Boyd, 
tev. Mark Baker, and Rev. 
'imothy Garner. 

The North Manchester congre- 
gation also experienced growth in 
Is church building during Rev. 
mmel's ministry. In 1977 a large 
jddition was made to the building, 
bntaining a fellowship hall, more 
lassrooms, a new office for the 
lastor, and a multipurpose room. 

His pastorate at North Man- 
ihester was a rewarding experi- 
Ince, according to Rev. Immel. 
I've learned a lot over the years — 
pared in the joys and sorrows of 
[he people here, and have learned 
o love them like family," he said. 
There are definitely many advan- 
tages to a long-term pastorate. It 
jakes time — and patience — for 
jieople to learn to confide in you, to 
jhare their heartaches and joys 
pith you and know they will be 
ppt in confidence . . . that your 
jeal concern for them is to help 

carry their burdens to the Lord 
and leave them there. We defi- 
nitely have to 'weep with those 
who weep, and rejoice with those 
who rejoice.' We need to genuinely 
demonstrate the Christ-like love 
about which we preach." 

In addition to his ministry at 
the North Manchester and Milford 
churches, Rev. Immel has served 
in various denominational capac- 
ities over the years. The most 
challenging of these was as presi- 
dent of the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church. He was also 
elected as General Conference 
moderator in 1975, but was forced 
to resign because of poor health. 

Rev. Immel's service has not 
been limited to the church. He has 
been a frequent speaker and vis- 
itor at the two retirement homes 
in the North Manchester commu- 
nity. He has also worked closely 
with the local police in emergency 
situations and in assisting tran- 
sients in need. And even though 
no longer teaching, his interest in 
school and the activities of its 
young people did not diminish. 

The esteem in which he is held 
in the community is indicated by 
the fact that he was selected to 
serve as Grand Marshal of the 
town's Fun Fest Parade this sum- 
mer. The parade was held Satur- 
day, August 14. 

Sharing in this honor was Rev. 
Immel's wife, LaVeta, who was 
chosen to serve as Grand Marshal 
along with her husband. Mrs. 
Immel has been involved in a vari- 
ety of church and community ac- 
tivities. She served as her hus- 
band's secretary, was the church 
organist for fourteen years, played 
French horn in the Manchester 
Civic Band, and presented numer- 
ous marimba programs for retire- 
ment homes, service clubs, and 
church groups in the area. She has 
also been active with the Red 
Cross Bloodmobile and has been a 
familiar figure on the election 
board of her town. 


Rev. Woodrow A. Immel 

Rev. and Mrs. Immel raised 
three children — Mrs. Charles 
(Carolyn) Bame, now of Flagstaff, 
Ariz.; Charles Immel of New 
Paris, Ind.; and Keith Immel of 
North Manchester. They also have 
three grandchildren. 

Though they will be relieved of 
the responsibilities of the pastor- 
ate, the Immels do not plan to sit 
and rock the days away at their 
home in North Manchester. He 
will be available for speaking en- 
gagements, and, for the present, 
she will continue as typesetter at 
the local newspaper. 

The Immels plan to continue 
making North Manchester their 
home, at least for the time being. 
"We're not just sure where our 
home town is now," they say. 
"After having spent one third of 
one's life in a community, it begins 
to feel like home. We were both 
born and raised in New Paris, liv- 
ing only one block from each other 
all through school days; we were 
married there, and raised our two 
older children there. But after 
moving to North Manchester, 
Keith went to school eleven of his 
twelve years here and knows this 
town as home. And now that the 
town has bestowed this honor on 
us, we have good reason for feeling 
at home right here." 

October 1982 




Eric and Esther Colditz, 63rd, September 20. Mem- 
bers of the Ardmore First Brethren Church. 
Lee and Elva Voorhees, 53rd, September 15. Mem- 
bers of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Dillman, 55th, September 14. 
Members of the Corinth Brethren Church. 
William and Laura Bowers, 50th, September 6. 
Members of the Massillon First Brethren Church. 
Dr. and Mrs. Delbert Flora, 53rd, September 2. 
Members of the Park Street Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew York, 69th, September 1. 
Members of the Loree Brethren Church. 
Rev. and Mrs. Elmer Keck, 53rd, August 29. Mem- 
bers of the Park Street Brethren Church. 
Dr. and Mrs. Leslie Lindower, 57th, August 16. 
Members of the Park Street Brethren Church. 


Robyn Harlow to Joel Eck, August 31, at the New 
Lebanon Brethren Church; Donald E. Rowser, pastor, 
officiating. Members of the New Lebanon Brethren 

Catrina Burtscher to John Myer, August 21. Groom 
a member of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Vickie LaPorte to Richard Hunt, August 14, at the 
Bryan First Brethren Church; Marlin L. McCann, pas- 
tor, officiating. Bride a member of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church. 

Deborah Ann Wiser to Robert L. Shingler, August 
14, at the Walnut Grove Church of the Brethren, 
Johnstown, Pa. Bride a member of the Johnstown 
Second Brethren Church. 

Mary Ellen Bates to Gary Joe Dulaney, August 7, 
at the Highland Brethren Church; Richard Craver, 
pastor, and Kenneth Hoke officiating. Bride a member 
of the Wayne Heights Brethren Church, and groom a 
member of the Highland Brethren Church. 

Denise Lynn Carroll to Dennis Briner, July 31, at 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church; Wood- 
row Immel, pastor, officiating. Groom a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Kimera Walker to Roger Gaston, July 24, at the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church; Woodrow 
Immel, pastor, officiating. Groom a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Karen Rohrer to David Starkey, July 17, at the 
Park Street Brethren Church; Arden Gilmer, pastor, 
officiating. Bride a member of the Park Street Breth- 
ren Church. 

Nancy Conrad to Michael Burger, July 10, at the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church; Woodrow 
Immel, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Pam Zielinski to John Gilmer, July 10, at the Park 
Street Brethren Church; Arden Gilmer, pastor and 


father of the groom, and Rev. Helbert Gilmer, grand 

father of the groom, officiating. 

Sandi Ellen Clapper to Daniel Ross Holland, Jum 

21, at the Canton Trinity Brethren Church; Kennetl 
Sullivan, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of Trin 
ity Brethren Church. 

Jeannie Workinger to Timothy Thomas, June 12 
at the Canton Trinity Brethren Church; Kenneth Sul 
livan, pastor, officiating. Members of the Trinit; 
Brethren Church. 

Edna Crisostomo to Steven Troup, April 24, in Sai 
Fernando, the Philippines. Groom a member of thi 
Meadow Crest Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Elsie L. Huffman, 80, August 2. Member of thil 

Papago Park Brethren Church and former member ol 

the Cerro Gordo Brethren Church. Services by Rev) 

Francis Berkshire. 

Kate Clark, 92, July 27. Member of the Falls Cit] 

First Brethren Church. Services by James Thomas 


Amy Genevieve Haun, 87, July 27. Services by Rev 

Stan Gollery in Sun City, Ariz. Mrs. Haun taugh 

music at Ashland College and her husband, Dr. R.R 

Haun, was a longtime professor at Ashland College. 

Flora W. McClain, 68, July 26. Member of th< 

Johnstown Second Brethren Church for 48 years. Ser 

vices by Don Wagstaff, pastor. 

Fern L. Weaver, 85, July 22. Member of the Nortl 

Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by Wood 

row Immel, pastor. 

Eleanor Lange, 76, July 18. Member of the Soutl 

Bend First Brethren Church. Services by Larry Baker 


Bessie May Huddleston, 85, July 14. Member of th< 

Corinth Brethren Church. Services by Rev. Davie 


Alma Saulman, 79, July 7. Member of the Wabasl 

First Brethren Church. Services by C. William Cole 


Nellie C. Miller, 84, July 6. Member since 1933 anc 

deaconess of the Huntington First Brethren Church 

Services by James C. Vandermark, pastor. 

Chester Carlin, 72, July 2. Member of the Soutl 

Bend First Brethren Church. Services by Larry Baker 


Gertrude V. Myers, 77, June 13. Member of th« 

Cumberland First Brethren Church. Services bj 

Bruce C. Shanholtz, pastor. 

Membership Growth 

Ardmore: 1 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Flora: 3 by baptism 
Sarasota: 4 by baptism, 5 by transfer 
Walcrest: 3 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

m As 

hland Col 

lege Final 

icial Aid 



: Type 


Aid Available 

Where to Get Application 


) AC Scholar Testing 

Must be h.s. senior and have 
applied to AC; winners must 
live on campus. 

Up to full tuition, 
room and board 

AC Admissions Office 

Competitive exam, given 

twice annually. Renewable upon 

application with a 3,0 average 


Upper 10% of h.s. class; above 
average in leadership, winners 
must live on campus. 

Up to $1,000 

AC Financial Aid Office 

Renewable upon application 
with 3.0 average. 

ji Merit 

1 Scholarship 

2.5 h.s. average and involvement 
in extra-curricular activities 

Up to $600 

AC Financial Aid Office 

Renewable upon application 
with 2.5 average. 

' Transfer 

Associate Degree and 3.0 average 


AC Transfer Director 

Renewable upon application 
with 3 average. 

| Phi Theta Kappa 
! Scholarship 

Associate Degree and 3.5 
cumulative average; Phi Theta 
Kappa member 

Full tuition 

AC Transfer Director 

One awarded annually. 
Renewable upon application 
with a 3.25 average. 

j Family 

One other member of immediate 
family at AC paying full tuition, 
room and board; 2.5 h.s. average, 
must live on campus. 

50% tuition 

AC Financial Aid Office 

Each must maintain a 2.0 
average for renewal and 
re-apply annually- 

■ Alumnus 
1 Scholarship 

Son or daughter of AC alum; 
2.5 h.s. average 


AC Financial Aid Office 

Renewable upon application 
with 2.0 average. 

Girls' State 

Candidate to Ohio Girls' 
State conference at AC 


AC Financial Aid Office 

Renewable upon application 
with 2 average 

1 Scholarship 

Member of The Brethren Church 
(offices in Ashland, Ohio); 
2.5 h.s. average 


AC Financial Aid Office 

Letter from student's minister 
required, renewable upon 
application with 2 average 

1 Art, Music and 

i Athletic Scholarships 

By audition or interview 


AC Financial Aid Office 

Contact department chairman 
or coach 




Aid Available 

Where to Get Application 


I AC Scholarship 

Upper 10% of h.s, class; 
outstanding ACT or SAT 
scores, 3,5 average 

Up to $1,400 

AC Financial Aid Office 

File FAF and AC financial 
aid application, renewable 

with 3.0 average 

1 Admissions Grants 

Full-time students (12 or 
more semester hours); 
upper half of h.s. class 

Up to $1,400 

AC Financial Aid Office 

File FAF and AC financial 
aid application, renewable 
with 2 average. 


1 Vachon Scholarship 
i and Hugo and Mabel 
! Young Scholarship 

Fulltime student, Ashland 
County resident, 3.0 h.s, 

Up to $1,000 

AC Financial Aid Office 

File FAF and AC financial 
aid application, renewable 
with 3,0 average 

! Pell Grant (Basic 

Educational Opportunity 
Grant [BEOG] ) 

Registered for 6 or more semester 
hours, FAF determined elibility 

Maximum of $1,670 

H.S counselor, AC or 
Basic Grants Office 

Apply through FAF or Basic 
Grants, P.O. Box 92781, 
Los Angeles, CA 90009 

Educational Opportunity 
Grant (SEOG) 

Registered for 6 or more semester 
hours, FAF-determined eligibility 

$200$ 1,000 

AC Financial Aid Office 

File FAF and AC financial 
aid application. 

Ohio Instructional 
> Grant IOIG) 

Ohio resident, full-time student; 
gross family income under $20,000 
per year 


H.S. counselor, AC or Ohio 
Board of Regents 

Ohio Board of Regents Student 
Assistance Office, 30 E. Broad 
St , Columbus, OH 43215 

1 College Work Study 
| (CWS) 

Registered for 6 or more 
semester hours 

Up to 20 hours per week, 
working at minimum wage 

AC Financial Aid Office or 
Personnel Office 

File FAF and AC financial aid 

\ Pennsylvania 
State Grants 

Full-time student, Pennsylvania 
residents only 

Up to $600 

(AC will match award.) 

H.S counselor 

File FAF and separate PHEAA 

New York State 
Tuition Assistance 
! Plan (TAP) 

Full-time student, NY. resident, 
based on taxable income and 
cost of education. 

Up to $600, from AC 

Higher Education Services Corp., 
Albany, N Y. 

Submit information to AC 
Financial Aid Office. 




Aid Available 

Where to Get Application 


Hess Loan Fund 

Full-time student 

Up to $900 per year; 
maximum of $2,700 for 
four years 

Mrs. Mary Pfau, 

123 West Liberty Court, 

Ashland, OH 44805 

Requires transcript and recom- 
mendations from h.s. principal 
and two others. 

National Direct 
Student Loan 


Registered for 6 or more 
semester hours 

Maximum of $2,500 the 
first two years, total of 
$5,000 for four years 

AC Financial Aid Office 

File FAF and AC financial 
aid application, repay at 5% 
interest beginning six months 
after graduation. 

Guaranteed Student 
Loan (GSL) 

College enrollment 

Up to $2,500 per year, 
maximum of $12,500 for 
four years 

Local banks, lending 
institutions or GSL 

Repay at 9% interest beginning 
six months after graduation. 

Student Revolving College Enrollment 
Loan Fund 

Up to $1,000 per year Huntington National 
Bank, Ashland 

10% Interest during 
college; repayment 
by personal loan 
after graduation 

All government 

-funded aid Is subject to 

legislative action. 

The Brethren 

An encyclopedia 
of Brethren life, 
belief, practice and history 

This three-volume, quality-bound set will be 
published in 1983. The Brethren Encyclopedia 
is a first for the church, and will include topical 
articles on Brethren history, culture, missions 
and much more. It contains over 500 illustrations, 
human interest stories, family histories, and bio- 
graphical articles. Listings of ministers, congrega- 
tions, publications, and Brethren colleges and 
high schools will be part of this historical record. 

This encyclopedia is available not only to you and 
your church, but also to theological seminaries, 
colleges, universities and public libraries. 

Study Tour of the 
People's Republic 


Save by taking advantage of a special prepublica- 
tion cost of $95, which includes postage and 
handling. After publication, the price will be $130 
plus postage and handling charges. Mail your 
order to: Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc., 6611 
Germantown Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19119. 

The price of the encyclopedia includes only the 
actual cost of printing. The many related expenses, 
which include editing and secretarial work, have 
been underwritten by $175,707 in gifts. The share 
of The Brethren Church is $10,000, with $8,000 
already given. A donation for this purpose from 
^^^^^^^ you and your church can 

be sent to the Brethren 
Encyclopedia, Inc., at the 
address above. 


June 22- 
July 12, 1983 

Visit the vast and ancient country of China with Dr. Joseph R. Shultz, 
president of Ashland College, and Dr. Ronald Walker, director of 
graduate studies in education. 

This tour will concentrate on the most populous eastern region of 
China, visiting cities associated with Pearl Buck. Cost, including air 
fare from San Francisco, is $2,777 per person. For information, 
write: Dr. Ronald Walker, 102 Bixler Hall, Ashland College, Ashland, 
OH 44805. 

Cruise the Caribbean 

with Friends of the 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

Feb. 28 - March 4, 1983 

Dr. Richard Dobbins, a leading Christian psychologist, will be 
speaking each day during the cruise on the topic "Good Mental 
Health - Your Birthright." 

Join with other Brethren in visiting the islands and enjoying sunshine 
and good fellowship. 

Prices range from $550 to $625 per person. For more information, 
write the Rev. Ken Goss, P.O. Box 246, Burlington, IN 46915. 



















































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C-J November 1982 





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Jfe /and ks produced its harvest; 

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• -,' 

S2S&* «: '. 



■. * 

A Thanksgiving Comparison 

by Roger G. Timmerman 

Stomachs protruding, 
Bulging, sore. 
Two boys. 
Two reasons. 

"Mom, can I have more turkey?" 
"Help yourself, there's plenty more." 

"Mom, isn't there anything to eat? 
My stomach's sore!" 

"Maybe tomorrow." 

One mom laughs. 

The other mom cries. 
Inflation's cutting the paycheck, 
We'll have to economize! 

Drought-ravaged land: 

No game, no grain. 
One dad trying to keep his 
Standard of living alive. 

The other struggling 

Just to survive. 

"I don't like sweet potatoes!" 
"Well, there's plenty of mashed." 

"Dad, couldn't you find 
Anything to eat?" 


"Now thank we all our God . . . ." 
"You know I don't like pumpkin pie!" 
"Then eat the mince." 
"I don't like that either!" 
"Surprise, I baked a cherry 
Just for you." 



"It's been three days!" 

"Maybe tomorrow." 

"Mom, my stomach hurts!" 

"That's what you get for 

Eating like a pig. 

Quiet down, you won't die. 

Dad's getting you some Alka-Seltzer." 


Ad Council phc 

"Mom, my stomach hurts!" 

"I know, son, 

Maybe tomorrow there'll be 
Something. Dad's out looking." 

Stomachs protruding, 

Bulging, sore. 
Two boys. 
Two reasons. 
One is stuffed. 
The other is starved. 
One mom laughs. 

The other mom cries. 
One boy lives. 

The other boy dies. 

Copyright © 1975, Board of Publications, Christian R 
formed Church in North America. Reprinted from The Banni 
(November 21, 1975) with permission. 

Unfortunately, Thanksgiving has become more 
holiday for feasting than for giving thanks. And i 
our feasting, it is easy to forget the millions < 
people on our globe who do not have enough to ea 
Some of them, like the boy in this poem, will d 
from starvation on Thanksgiving Day. 

Many Christians, in order to remember th 
plight of the less fortunate and in an effort to a 
something about it, observe the Thursday befoi 
Thanksgiving as a day of fasting. They skip i 
least one meal and send that money to a hunger rt 
lief agency. 

Perhaps you would like to join them o 
November 18 this year and send an offering to th 
World Relief Board of the Brethren Church. 


The Brethren Evangelis 

W "\ The Brethren -| • - 


In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75C 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

i Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
Icome. However, the publisher assumes 

no responsibility for return of unsolicited 

material not accompanied by a stamped, 

self-addressed envelope. 

Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

(Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Our land has indeed brought 
forth an abundant harvest, and 
God has blessed us. Let us give 
thanks to God and honor Him. 
But as we do so, let us also re- 
member those in the world who 
have not been so abundantly 
blessed, as the poem on the op- 
posite page points out. 

November 1982 

Vol. 104, No. 11 

November 1982 

A Thanksgiving Comparison 

A tale of two boys at Thanksgiving, by Roger G. Timmerman. 

A Time For Reconciliation 

Vietnam Veteran Daniel DeVeny urges Christians to use the 
National Salute to Vietnam Veterans from November 10 to 14 
as an opportunity to foster reconciliation of the divisions 
caused by the war in Vietnam. 

One Body in Christ 

Harold W. Walton cites seven ways in which we, as Christians, 
are one body in Christ. 

Home Missions 
10 One Year Later 

James R. Black looks at some of the rewards and frustrations 
of his first year as Director of Home Missions and Evangelism 
for The Brethren Church. 

In the Proper Position 

Keith Hensley believes that The Brethren Church is in the 
proper position to grow in Catawba County, North Carolina. 

An Exciting Summer at 

Columbus Brethren Bible Fellowship 

Dale R. Stoffer reports that a summer of activities and growth 
has led this new church to make plans for its first building. 

Blessings at Brandon 

Increased attendance, two active youth groups, and a growing 
bond of love and concern are a few of the blessings the Bran- 
don Brethren Church has enjoyed in 1982. 

Rejoicing at Town and Country 

Completion and dedication of their new building have given 
the Town and Country Brethren many reasons for rejoicing. 

The New and the Continuing at Brethren House 

The Brethren House Team reports on new projects, new prod- 
ucts, and a continuing local ministry. 






8 Learning From Our Heritage 

9 The Salt Shaker 
16 Update 

Photographs of Conference Quilts 

Two issues ago we ran on the cover of the Evangelist pictures of 
the Brethren Heirloom Quilts that were quilted at General Confer- 
ence in August. Full-color, 8- by 10-inch photographs of these quilts 
are available for $10.00 a set. Anyone wishing to purchase a set of 
two photographs may do so by sending $10.00 to Helen Shively, 
1003 Masters Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 

A Time For Reconciliation 

by Daniel J. DeVeny 

28 November 1969. 

2:00 a.m. 

The World Airway jet had just taxied to a stop at Tan 
Son Nhut airport in Saigon, South Vietnam. The plane 
was loaded with soldiers and marines standing and stretching after the 
long flight. As a line formed to move to the plane's exit, I could hear 
someone on the ground giving orders. When I could finally catch a 
glimpse of who was causing the stir, I saw a man dressed in camouflage 
with pouches of ammunition around his waist and a shotgun in his hand. 
He barked an order at me to keep low and head for a certain Army truck 
that would take me to my check-in point. 

It's difficult to describe my feelings at that point. Simply 
to say fear is not enough. I remember wishing I were watch- 
ing the event on the evening news instead of taking part in 
it. Like millions of other Americans, I had listened and 
watched as Walter Cronkite brought some of the pain and 
heartache df war right into my living room. If I was offended 
or wantedr to watch something else, I could simply change 
the chffraiel. 

That/mxury was no longer mine. Now I didn't have to rely 
on the; twenty-one inch screen to bring me the latest napalm 
droiy or/mortar attack. It was right before me in living, and 
sometimes dying, color. 

Like many others, I made the mistake of think- 
ing that the war would be over for me when I re- 
turned to the United States one year later. The 
physical war did end for me, but the emotional war 

Captain DeVeny currently serves as a Brethren chaplain in 
the United States Army and is stationed at Ft. Gordon, Ga. 

Angie (10), 

continued for almost nine years. 
As I look back on the first days 
and weeks after my return 
home, it's like looking into a 
psychology lab. But at the time, 
it was painful and confusing. 

One incident stands out as 
being almost a textbook exam- 
ple. Some of my family were 
curious about my experiences in 
Vietnam, and one evening I 
began to tell them of an inci- 
dent in which eight soldiers 
were killed. As I began to relate 
the story I was unaware of my 
emotions, but before I finished I 
was crying. My family's ques- 
tions and curiosity about my ex- 
periences ended immediately, 
and Vietnam was not brought 
up again except in light conver- 

My reaction was to believe 
my family thought less of me. 
Only after nine years did I find they were 
trying to be sensitive to my feelings by not 
mentioning Vietnam — kind of out of sight, 
out of mind. They didn't realize, nor did I, 
that there were many things I needed to say. 

My emotional reactions were no different 
from those of hundreds of thousands of other 
men and women who came to know South 
Vietnam in a personal way. The plight of all 
veterans is that their feeling of acceptance 
back into society is directly proportional to 
the way society feels about the action in 
which they participated. 

This adjustment back to our society has 
been particularly difficult for those who left 
part of their bodies in Vietnam, or those who 
are still held prisoners in their own minds. 
Even the families of those who died in Viet- 
nam share some of this estrangement from 
our society. 

There will always be people who contend 
that the military action in Vietnam was as 
noble a cause as any. And there will always 
be those who believe that the dead and miss- 
ing in Vietnam were uselessly sacrificed in 
a conflict that never should have been 
waged. Politicians will continue to debate 
about Vietnam. Newspaper columnists will 
continue to editorialize. And we can each 
make our own choice about the Tightness or 
wrongness of this war. 

In the meantime, there is a movement — al- 
beit long overdue — that I believe is worthy of 
our attention. The effort is an attempt to re- 

Dan DeVeny with wife Ann and their three children, 
Aubrey (3), and Andy (13). 

store dignity to the memory of the dead and 
missing Vietnam veterans as well as to those 
still living. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial 
has been erected in Washington, D.C., as a 
memorial to both those Americans who died 
in Vietnam and to those who survived. Two 
huge black marble slabs come together to 
form a V. The names of 57,692 Americans 
who gave their lives are etched in white on 
the black marble. Names are arranged 
chronologically by date of death, running 
from July 1959 to May 1975. The memorial 
carries a message that most people can only 
respond to with tears. 

We will never have the luxury of a com- 
plete understanding of the complexities of 
American involvement in Vietnam. But we 
do have the privilege of offering Christian 
understanding to those whose lives have 
been touched to the very core by one of the 
most confusing events in history. 

A National Salute to Vietnam Veterans 
will take place November 10 to 14, attempt- 
ing to foster reconciliation over the divisions 
caused by the war. Many churches across our 
land will be setting aside a portion of their 
November 14 worship service for this pur- 

Reconciliation is a key word for the Chris- 
tian. If our intent is to follow after Jesus 
Christ, then our actions need to be governed 
by the demanding question that Charles M. 
Sheldon asks in the book In His Steps: 
"What would Jesus do?" [t] 

November 1982 


'1 - 




Rev. Harold W. Walton 

WE are one body in Christ. This is the 
great declaration of the Apostle Paul 
in Romans 12:5. 

Paul, of course, was speaking of the 
church. It is the church which is the body of 
Christ. And we, as Christians, are members 
of that one body. 

As we look at the church, with its prob- 

Rev. Walton is pastor of the Fremont, Ohio, 
Brethren Church. This article is an edited version 
of the first part of a message he presented at the 
Ohio District Conference on September 11. The 
second part of his message will appear in next 
month's issue of the Evangelist. 

lems and divisions, it is easy for us to lose 
sight of our oneness in Christ. We tend to 
overlook that which unites us and see only 
that which divides. 

But in spite of our divisions, we are one in 
Christ, and we need to remember this. 
Therefore, in the following paragraphs, 1 
would like to take a positive approach by cit- 
ing seven ways we are one body in Christ. 

First of all, we are one body in Christ be 
cause we share a common redemption. The 
church is made up of all those who have been 
redeemed from their sin by God's rich mercy 
revealed in Christ's death for us on the cross. 
It is this sacrifice of Christ on our behalf that 

The Brethren Evangelist 

'One of the great needs of the church today is a new sense 
of responsibility and concern for the lost As we are com- 
mitted to this purpose, we will experience a greater de- 
gree of oneness in the body of Christ. 


is the ground of our salvation, which we have 
received by faith in Him. 

The church, Christ's body, includes people 
of all races and nationalities. It encompasses 
believers on earth and those in heaven. The 
church is both universal and local, visible 
and invisible. It is one, not organizationally 
or structurally, but spiritually in union with 
Christ our Savior. 

Secondly, we are one because we have all 
received the Holy Spirit. The Third Person of 
the Trinity has taken up residence in our 
mortal bodies. "For by one Spirit are we all 
baptized into one body . . . ," says the Apostle 
Paul in I Corinthians 12:13. Notice the words 
one Spirit," "we all," and "one body." The 
[same Holy Spirit is in all of us who have 
jtrusted in Christ. In fact, Paul says, "Now if 
any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is 
jnone of his" (Rom. 8:9). The Holy Spirit 
•makes us one body in Christ. 

Thirdly, we are one in our hope of eternal 
salvation. Heaven is our common destiny. 
There we will dwell together in unity. We 
look forward to all the splendor of a perfect 
world where God is. Peter calls it "an inher- 
itance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that 
fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you 
. . ." (I Pet. 1:3-5). 

Fourth, we are one in that we have the 
same Head, Jesus Christ. Just as our physi- 
cal heads give direction to our bodies, so 
Christ directs His body, the church, and each 
member thereof. Our lives, both individually 
and corporately, are to be lived in submission 
to His leadership. His word is our final 
authority, His will our great aim. 

Furthermore, just as there is a vital union 
between the head and the body, so is there 
between Christ and the church. He is our 
source of life, power, and fruitfulness. We are 
the instruments through which He ac- 
complishes His purposes. 

Fifth, we are one in doctrine. This does not 
mean that we all agree on every point of doc- 
trine. But we do espouse unashamedly the 
cardinal doctrines of biblical, historic Chris- 
tianity, such as are contained in the State- 
ment of Faith of the National Association of 

We have been entrusted with the faith 

November 1982 

that was once delivered to the saints (Jude 
3). We should, of course, always be seeking to 
better understand that faith and be unwav- 
ering in our commitment to it, as Paul 
exhorts in Galatians 1:6-12. 

Sixth, we are one in our reception of the 
love of God and in our calling to love Him 
and one another. God loves each of us (John 
3:16). Each of us, in turn, is commanded to 
love Him (Matt. 22:37), other Christians 
(John 13:34-35), and others in general (Matt. 
22:39). As we carry out these commands to 
love, we grow in our experience of being one 
body in Christ. 

Seventh, we are one in our purpose, which 
is to bring glory to God. Paul said, "Whether 
therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye 
do, do all to the glory of God" (I Cor. 10:31). 

We glorify God by making known who He 
is and what He has done. Jesus said, "Herein 
is my Father glorified, that ye bear much 
fruit; so shall ye be my disciples" (John 15:8). 
Undoubtedly, part of what Jesus was talking 
about was the salvation of the lost. 

We have a mission as Christ's church to 
seek the salvation of others for whom Christ 
died (Matt. 28:19-20). Christ's purpose in 
coming into the world was to save sinners 
(Luke 19:10; I Tim. 1:15). We, like our Lord, 
must set a priority upon the salvation of the 
lost. One of the great needs of the church 
today is a new sense of responsibility and 
concern for the lost. As we are committed to 
this purpose, we will experience a greater de- 
gree of oneness in the body of Christ. 

We are one body in Christ. Our experience 
of that unity can be intensified if we em- 
phasize those things that unite us rather 
than those that divide. 

Let us remember, therefore, that we are 
one in Christ by a shared redemption, by our 
common possession of the Holy Spirit, and by 
our joint hope of eternal life. Let us be united 
under the direction of the same Lord as we 
hold firmly to the cardinal doctrines of our 
faith. And let us love God and one another as 
we work together in our common purpose of 
bringing glory to God, especially by the sal- 
vation of the lost. [t] 

Next month: "Seven Ways Satan Seeks to 
Undermine Our Unity in Christ." 

Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

Sources of Authority— The Holy Spirit 

LAST month we observed that God's purpose in 
human history — to form a people for Himself 
— can be known from two sources which work to- 
gether in revealing His will: Scripture and the 
Holy Spirit. Scripture provides the objective, fac- 
tual revelation of God's truth, while the Holy 
Spirit works internally to convict our hearts of 
that truth (see Jn. 14:17; 16:8-13). 

The early Brethren placed special emphasis on 
the interworking of Scripture and the Spirit with 
their doctrine of the inner Word (the Spirit) and 
the outer word (Scripture). They held that no one 
can understand the spiritual intent of Scripture 
unless that person has the Holy Spirit at work in 
his or her life. 

On the other hand, they maintained that any 
private experience of the Spirit (vision, prophecy, 
a "word from God") must be tested by Scripture. 
Because the Spirit who indwells us is the same 
Spirit who inspired Scripture, no private experi- 
ence must ever contradict Scripture. 

We Brethren have taken very seriously the 
ministry of the Holy Spirit in at least three areas. 
First, we have democratized the interpretation of 
Scripture. It is the indwelling Spirit who makes it 
possible for us to understand the spiritual intent 
of Scripture. Since one cannot be a Christian 
without having received the Spirit, every Chris- 
tian has the necessary qualification for interpret- 
ing Scripture. 

For this reason Brethren have always believed 
that every believer has both the right and the re- 
sponsibility to study and apply Scripture. One 
does not need to rely on a pastor, professor, or 
Pope to interpret Scripture. Each Christian can 
perceive the meaning of Scripture by the Holy 
Spirit's enlightenment. 

Nor is this task of understanding Scripture only 
for those who are "really spiritual." Every be- 
liever has the responsibility to wrestle with the 
meaning and application of Scripture. The 
strength of a church is dependent upon its people 
understanding and applying Scripture to their 
lives. Likewise, the Holy Spirit can perform His 
work of convicting our hearts only as we are im- 
mersed in Scripture (see the connection between 
the Spirit and the word in Ephesians 6:17). 


The second area in which Brethren tradition- 
ally have given prominence to the Spirit's work 
involves the conviction that we must allow the 
Spirit to shed new light on Scripture. Although 
Scripture remains our unchanging standard of 
faith, shifting cultural and philosophical trends 
require that we be sensitive to what the Spirit is 
saying to us through Scripture concerning these 
changes. Brethren historically have therefore 
avoided anything that would limit or stifle the 
Spirit's ability to lead us to new insights — creeds, 
dogmatic theologies, ritualism, or formalism. 

This conviction has made our Brethren faith 
both conservative and progressive. Because our 
faith rests squarely upon God's word as the sole 
standard for truth, we are a conservative people. 
Because our faith calls us to be responsive to the 
changing social setting by seeking the Spirit's di- 
rection with regard to new strategies and minis- 
try models, we are a progressive people. 

Both these sides of our faith must be kept in ba- 
lance, however, because dangers lie at either ex- 
treme. Extreme conservatism leads to ritualism 
and a failure to minister to the contemporary 
world; extreme progressivism leads to a slipping 
away from the mooring of Scripture. 

The third area where we Brethren have ac- 
cented the Spirit's work is by our belief that the 
indwelling Spirit can change lives. Some Chris- 
tians seem to be immobilized in their spiritual 
growth by overemphasizing the valid truth that 
we will always be sinners (although saved), 
wrestling with the old nature in this life. They 
fail to realize, however, that God's call to us to be 
saints who live by a new nature is not just some 
remote ideal. God has given us the power in the 
Holy Spirit to live the new life in Christ. 

Brethren have dared to call people out of a com- 
placent Christianity to discover what God can 
make of them when they commit themselves to 
His will. He has given us all the resources we 
need to lead the new life: Scripture, prayer, the 
Holy Spirit, and other believers. He calls upon us, 
therefore, to become more and more in reality 
what we are already by faith in Jesus Christ- 
people who bear the righteous, loving character of 
Christ. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Memorizing Scripture 

PEOPLE aren't memorizing Scripture any- 
more. At least, not like they used to. 
They're probably not praying much either — 
and the two are related. 

People offer all kinds of excuses for not 
memorizing Scripture. "I don't have the 
time," one says. "I can't memorize," another 
claims. And there are hundreds of other 
reasons. Frankly, they are all good excuses, 
but I doubt if one of them would hold up in 

Some who claim they can't memorize 
Scripture can quote batting averages of all 
the leading major league hitters for the last 
five seasons. I know an avid football fan who 
can rattle off football statistics so well that 
he'd rate "honorable mention" on That's 
Incredible! Yet, he can't seem to remember 
John 3:16. He does remember "Jesus wept," 
which he proudly quotes when prodded. But 
he doesn't remember where to find it. Yet he 
can quote the winning teams and scores of 
the last five Super Bowls! 

It appears that it's a matter of one's in- 
terest and priorities, and not a case of a 
"slow brain." I guess I don't believe people 
when they say they can't memorize. I'd only 
believe it if the person showed me a written 
statement from his doctor stating, "Caution, 
repetition will short-circuit this person's 

Someone reading this is probably saying, 
"You haven't met me; I can't memorize." I 
don't believe you. I bet you can quote dozens 
of recipes; or you can sing entire hymns 
without looking at the hymnal. And, indeed, 
most Christians can quote John 3:16. Why? 
Repetition, of course. You learned it over the 
course of years by repetition. 

That's just the point. Memory work re- 
quires repetition, and repetition is hard 
work. Few of us are gifted with photographic 
minds. I'm not. You may be more fortunate. 
But most of us have to repeat something 

November 1982 

over and over again in order to get it into our 

TV actors memorize about forty pages of 
manuscript every week, so why can't we 
tackle a few verses of Scripture? "Well, if I 
got their kind of money, I'd do it too," you 
say. Ah, there's the prize in the package. 
Money motivates. We, likewise, need some 
kind of motivation. 

Several years ago I heard a tape by Dr. 
Robert Schuller on the "Sermon on the 
Mount." Schuller paraphrased the sermon, 
but he so impressed me that I decided to 
memorize that great sermon. I reasoned that 
if Schuller, as busy as he is, could do it, then 
so could I. Later I discovered that Schuller 
had delivered his sermon with the aid of a 

Recently I read in Guideposts magazine of 
an actor who memorized the entire Book of 
Mark. Now he recites it in its entirety — all 
sixteen chapters from the King James Ver- 
sion — in public presentations. The audience 
is held spellbound. 

I would gladly drive all day to hear that 
presentation. Like my reaction to Schuller's 
tape, I'm impressed just by reading of this 
accomplishment. But believe me, I've found 
more excuses than the fleas of a thousand 
camels to avoid such a task! After all, I'm a 
very busy man. 

It boils down to motivation. We don't 
realize the benefits of Scripture memoriza- 
tion. If we were persecuted or thrown into 
prison, like the POW's in Vietnam, then we'd 
know the benefit of having absorbed Scrip- 
ture. But if you don't have it in you, you 
won't be able to recall it. 

So we continue on our merry ways. Be- 
sides, it's football season. Who has the time 
to memorize Bible verses while the pigskin is 
in the air? Well, there's one excuse shot 
down, for the strike has deflated the pigskin. 
Now's your opportunity. [t] 

Home Missions 

One Year Later 

by Rev. James R. Black 

ONE year ago I became Director of Home 
Missions and Evangelism for the Breth- 
ren Church. The year has been very reward- 
ing in a number of areas, extremely frustrat- 
ing in others. I have had much to learn . . . 
and much to unlearn. I have become part of a 
new game, and schedules I followed for 
twenty-five years have had to be altered; 
deeply entrenched patterns of ministry 
changed. But I am learning . . . and I have 

On one wall of my office hangs a cartoon. 
The character in that cartoon has his nose to 
a grinding wheel, his shoulder to a wagon 
wheel; one of his hands is clutching the horn 
of a bull's head, a finger of the other hand is 
stuck in a pie; one foot is thrust into a door- 
way, and the other is balanced on a basket- 
ball. Written above the character are the 
words, "The Ideal Home Mission Pastor." 

This seems to be a pretty fair picture of the 
home mission pastor. It also provides a fairly 
good description of my own activity. But lest 
I sound overly heroic, let me add that the 
cartoon character has a smile on his face. 
This tells me he is enjoying himself. Now, I 
hope, the description fits. 

Good things have happened this past year 
in home missions, and some rather exciting 
things continue to happen. You will see by 
reading the other home mission articles in 
this section of the Evangelist that God is 
wonderfully at work in our churches. But in 
addition to the present home mission 
churches and our exciting special ministries, 
a number of new areas are now under study. 
In fact, in some cases work has already 
begun. We continue to look forward to an an- 
nouncement of a new mission point in Vir- 
ginia, and another in Tucson, Arizona. We 
are also busy, in cooperation with the Ohio 
District Mission Board, preparing for a new 
work in Cleveland. 

On the negative side, the Jackson Bible 
Church in Massillon, Ohio, was temporarily 
disbanded recently and the church property 

leased to a Baptist congregation for three 
years. This was not an easy decision to make 
but both the national and Ohio District mis- 
sion boards believed it was necessary. The 
Trinity Brethren Church in Canton will give 
leadership to the Brethren in that area, and 
we prayerfully hope for a new beginning in 
the future. 

At our recent Conference, the executive 
committee, acting upon a recommendation 
by Moderator Fred Finks, recommended that 
"the Brethren churches in cooperation with 
the Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church and district mission boards seek 
creative and innovative ways to plant and 
support new churches . . . ." The New Leba- 
non Brethren set the example by mortgaging 
their church property in order to loan money 
to the Brethren Bible Fellowship of Colum- 
bus for the purchase of land. 

In a similar step of faith, the Jefferson 
Brethren Church has agreed to use a portion 
of its operating budget to support the new 
work in North Carolina. And in Columbus, 
members of the Brethren Bible Fellowship 
made it possible for this new congregation to 
break ground on October 16 for a new build- 
ing by agreeing to loan the money needed to 
construct it. These loans will be channeled 
through the Missionary Board and processed 
through a special provision of the Revolving 
Loan Fund specifically tailored to meet this 
need (Note: details have not been finalized). It 
is noteworthy that one individual will loan 
$85,000 for this project. 

Yes, God is at work in the hearts of people. 
Various churches, classes, WMS groups, and 
individuals are involved, and all efforts are 
deeply appreciated. 

But what about evangelism? Since this is 
part of my title, I should comment concern- 
ing this responsibility. 

I am called upon to do a great deal of 
"evangelistic work," such as special em- 
phasis days and revivals. But this is a very 
limited description of the "job." Charles L. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

[Chaney speaks correctly: "America is not a 
[Christian nation, but a mission field" 
\{Church Planting at the End of the Twentieth 
Century). Man is not as God originally made 
him, but has fallen into sin. Therefore, a 
■vital responsibility of the church is to 
evangelize. We must bring fallen mankind 
the Good News and bring those saved to full 
discipleship. This is the purpose of the 
church, the reason behind church planting. 

Much more could be Said, but this will suf- 
fice, and I'll conclude with a challenge and a 
word of appreciation. I challenge you to be- 
come a vital part of home missions. Continue 

North Carolina: 

In the Proper Position 

by Rev. Keith Hensley 

THE other day I was engaged in one of 
those activities for which seminary pro- 
vides little preparation — folding newletters. 
Since this task required a minimal amount 
jof mental energy, I was watching a religious 
TV show while performing it. 

As I finished the task, I kneeled to pick up 
some pieces of paper that I had tossed on the 
floor in my flurry of activity. Just then the 
TV preacher shouted, "Get down on your 
knees with me right now!" Though I laughed 
at my excellent timing, I was nevertheless 
drawn to what he was saying, since I was al- 
ready in the proper position. What he said 
was not really that important, but he did 
gain my attention because I was in the prop- 
er position when he shouted. 

The Brethren are now in North Carolina. 
We have taken the proper position in which 
to listen to the Lord and His commission and 
in which to grow. One by one we are reach- 
ing people for Christ. Some are being 
reached because they are seeking disciple- 
ship. Others are coming because we are the 
first church in the area to ever invite them to 

Presently, three families are actively 
working toward the growth of a Brethren 
church in Catawba County. Daily they are 
praying, inviting new people to come, and 
envisioning what can happen in North 
Carolina. These families have taken the 
proper position in which to see miracles 
occur in the name of our Lord. 

Thanks to funds received from the 
Missionary Board and from others across the 

your support through your local church, but 
also get in touch with me if you desire in- 
formation concerning ways you can become 
involved in creative, innovative methods 
of planting and supporting new Brethren 

Finally, thank you very much for your 
prayers, encouragement, and support. With- 
out you, we would be out of business. Con- 
tinue to pray that great things will happen 
for Christ through the home missions pro- 
gram of The Brethren Church. And let us 
know if we can be of service to you. We really 
desire your partnership [t] 

The Hensley home and original meeting place in Conover, N.C. 

denomination, we have begun printing a 
newsletter. This newsletter will enable us to 
inform supporters of our work, keep in touch 
with prospective families, and encourage 
established families. The equipment and 
supplies meet many of our printing needs as 
a young body of believers. 

Thanks, also, to your prayers and letters of 
encouragement, we are reaching people for 
The Brethren Church who had never heard 
of the Brethren before. But they know they 
need Christ. In our outreach we are em- 
phasizing both evangelism and discipleship, 
as we seek to provide an alternative to the 
religious extremes in this area. The area is 
in a position to listen to the Brethren style of 

We have moved from our basement as a 
central meeting place to a Quality Inn lo- 
cated just east of Hickory. This meeting 
place is more accessible to families that drive 
from 15 to 20 miles away. In mid-October, 
the musical group BRIDGE joined us at the 
Quality Inn to share in our worship service. 

We are in the proper position to grow in 
North Carolina. If you would, stop for a mo- 
ment as you finish this article and join us in 
a position of prayer. Your prayer might just 
coincide with one "Tarheel" telling another 
"Tarheel" about the joy of Christ's salvation. 

Your brothers and sisters in North 
Carolina send their greetings and love, [t] 

November 1982 


II A M * * 

Home Missions 

An Exciting Summer 

at Columbus Brethren Bible Fellowship 

by Pastor Dale R. Stoffer 

THE Brethren Bible Fellowship of Colum- 
bus experienced an exciting summer of 
activities and growth. In June the church 
had its first vacation Bible school — a back- 
yard VBS on the new church property. We 
had no idea what to expect for the week. 
Though we had a full staff of 15 workers, we 
could count on only about 12 of our own chil- 
dren to attend. 

The community responded beyond our 
greatest expectations, as more than 20 chil- 
dren from area homes participated. Average 
attendance for the week was 34 children. But 
the biggest surprise was the closing program 
on Friday night, when more than 80 people 
attended! This response reassured us of the 
great potential for growth in the area of our 

In July our church hosted an energetic 
Crusader team called "Reflections." The four 
gals on this team patiently endured that 
least favorite of all Crusader assignments — 
surveying (I speak from experience). For 
young churches, this is a very important 
means of outreach, for it acquaints the com- 
munity with the church and locates prospects 

The closing VBS program of the Columbus 
Brethren Bible Fellowship was attended by more 
than 80 people. 

for further visitation. Several very good pros- 
pects were found by the Crusaders, and the 
church is now following up on these people. 

Since November 1980 our congregation 
had been meeting in a Weight Watchers 
building. The location of this building in an 
established neighborhood and the limited 
Sunday school facilities in the building were 
diminishing our potential for growth. There- 
fore the congregation was excited when it be- 
came possible for us to meet in a school just 
one mile from our new property. Since mov- 
ing into the facility August 1, one new fam- 
ily has joined the fellowship and Sunday 
school attendance has shot from an average 
of 16 per Sunday to 26. Worship attendance 
continues to average about 36. 

In September the church took a very im- 
portant step. We decided to proceed with 
plans to begin building a multi-purpose facil- 
ity on our property this fall. Consultations 
with the architects (two dedicated Chris- 
tians) have led us to plan to build a 3,500 
square foot facility with a meeting room for 
150 persons. It will include four classrooms 
divided from the meeting room by movable 
partitions, a pastor's study, nursery, and 

In keeping with Moderator Fred Finks' rec- 
ommendation at the 1982 General Confer- 
ence, Brethren Bible Fellowship is seeking 
creative ways to keep building costs down. A 
general appeal to Ohio District churches was 
issued at district conference in September for 
individuals with building skills to aid the 
congregation in building the facility. We 
hope that with labor donated by the fellow- 
ship itself and by individuals from other 
Brethren churches, the total cost of construc- 
tion will be significantly reduced. Opportun- 
ities to purchase building materials at cost 
have also been discovered in the process. 

Such an approach to building will undoubt- 
edly yield many by-products. First, Breth- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

ren will rediscover an all-but-forgotten part 

of our heritage — mutual aid. The name 
("Brethren" will thereby take on renewed 


Second, our mission churches will be able 

to construct larger buildings at a moderate 
[cost. This will greatly enhance the church- 
| planting thrust of our denomination. 

Third, mission churches will obtain a visi- 
ble demonstration of the fellowship, caring, 
and mutual commitment that make us 
uniquely Brethren. We live in great expecta- 
tion of what can be done when our fellowship 
and The Brethren Church at large commit 
themselves to turning the vision of this 
building into reality. [t] 

Blessings at Brandon 

(now Bloomingdale) 

THE year 1982 has been one in which we 
have often said, "Praise the Lord!" Our 
; average attendance has been up — to 41 in 
i worship and 37 in Sunday school. And even 
ijthough some people have moved away, our 
litotal membership this fall is 38. 

We also have two active youth groups. The 
hsenior group sponsored a mission night, dur- 
jing which families played games from the 
(countries of Colombia, Malaysia, and India. 
iiThen food typical of each country was cooked, 
;and all shared in the meal. The junior youth 
|group was in charge of our Easter sunrise 
(service and breakfast. Both events were well- 
done and well-attended. 

On another occasion, seventeen people par- 
ticipated in a 24-hour fast. We played games, 
usaw movies, heard about food shortages, and 
flgot some practical ideas on how to live more 
pimply. Approximately $150 was collected 
land sent to feed the hungry. To end the fast, 
lone of our ladies made vegetable soup and 
[[bread for our supper. 

Bible school was a family affair. Each age 
ijlevel had its own class, and then each family 
jjworked on a craft project. These included a 
[[family coat of arms, a prayer wheel, and a 
Ipanner of the "Fruit of the Spirit." Each 

Exterior of the Brandon (Bloomingdale) church building. 

November 1982 

family added personal touches to its project, 
making it truly its own. This VBS was the 
best-attended ever for us. 

Thanks to the West Alexandria First 
Brethren congregation, we now have a nine- 
by ten-foot storage shed, where our lawn 
tractor is kept and where other items will 
soon be added. That congregation also made 
it possible for us to add shelves in one of our 
classrooms and sent us 25 copies of the New 
International Version of the Bible. Our sin- 
cere thanks for their interest and support. 

On October 3 we celebrated our fifth an- 
niversary as a congregation. Highlighting 
the day was a guest speaker and Commun- 
ion. We also officially became known as "The 
Bloomingdale Community Church: A Breth- 
ren Church." A new four- by eight-foot sign 
announces this change to those who drive 

Many other events have provided us times 
of personal growth and enjoyment — home 
Bible studies, Evangelism Explosion train- 
ing, revival services with Rev. Jim Black, 
picnics and recreational times, district con- 
ference, and work projects in and around our 

The Lord has continually brought visitors. 
Some have not returned, but many have. We 
are grateful for each one. A real bond of love 
and concern is building among our people. 
They are excited about what God has done 
for them, and they share this excitement 
with others. They also have a feeling of 
wanting to be present on Sunday, knowing 
that each gives and gains strength by the 
worship experience. 

Our thanks to all who send notes of en- 
couragement letting us know that you are 
praying for us. We are grateful for all of the 
various kinds of support and interest 
throughout the year. [t] 


Home Missions 

Rejoicing at Town and Country 

THIS has been a year of blessings for the 
Town and Country Brethren. We rejoice 
each time we meet in our new building, 
which we dedicated April 18. It was also ex- 
citing to host the Florida District Conference 
in our new building in March, even before it 
was dedicated! On that occasion the ladies of 
our church served a delicious meal to 125. 

After four years of backyard-style vacation 
Bible schools at the RuLon home, we enjoyed 
having ample space in our church building 
for our VBS this summer. Forty children and 
adults participated in one week of evening 
programs. The offering collected was sent to 
the Brethren Bible Fellowship of Columbus. 

During the summer, our Sunday school 
attendance averaged 28, with an average of 
42 for morning worship service. We pray for 
continued growth as we seek to expand our 
outreach into our community. 

We also praise the Lord for six baptisms. 
Our baptisms are not only a meaningful ex- 
perience, but also a time of fellowship, with 
the baptismal service taking place in the 
swimming pool of one of our church families. 
Often an informal meal and pool party follow 
the baptism. 

In September our congregation re-enacted 
three dramas about our Brethren history. 
These were first used on Brethren Heritage 
Day in Sarasota last February. Those who 
missed out on the fun and learning on that 
occasion had the opportunity to participate 
in September and to appreciate our church's 
background. The dramas were presented 
with minimal practice, and some even joined 
in spontaneously. The scripts for these plays 
are available from our church, if your con- 


Exterior and interior views of the Town and 
Country church building. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

gregation would be interested in adapting 
and using them. We feel that versatile pro- 
grams ought to be used more than once, and 
that activities and ideas should be shared 
throughout the brotherhood. 

Our current needs include a lawn tractor, 
partitions for the sanctuary, and a blacktop 
surface for the driveway. To raise funds to 
meet these needs, we are participating in an 
arts and crafts show at a Tampa mall on 
November 13. The men, women, and youth of 
the church are busy creating a wide variety 
of handiwork for this show. 

Since many of our members live far from 
most of their relatives, we are planning a 
Thanksgiving feast for our church family. 
One family will provide the stuffed turkey, 
while others will supply a variety of "trim- 
mings." The church building will be trans- 
formed into a "harvest house" for the feast, 
decorated with bales of hay, corn shocks, 
gourds, and pumpkins. We are also encourag- 
ing families to dress as Pilgrims or Indians. 

We are also looking forward to Christmas 
and the celebration of our Savior's birth. A 
bell choir of pre-school and elementary chil- 
dren will delight us (hopefully) with a few 
carols. And an outdoor Christmas play will 
feature a nativity scene complete with stable 
and shepherds' bonfire. 

We pray that the Lord will be glorified 
through our upcoming activities. We con- 
tinue to ask for your prayers and ideas, [t] 

The New and the Continuing 
at Brethren House 

BRETHREN House Ministries in St. 
Petersburg, Fla., is pleased to report 
new projects, new products, and a con- 
tinuing local ministry. 

New Projects 

The Brethren House Team — Phil and Jean 
Lersch and Bonnie Munson — spent the week 
of September 13-17 video-taping teacher- 
training presentations in Lincoln, Nebr. 
These four 30-minute programs will be aired 
in Nebraska on commercial television in 
January 1983. Teachers in the Nebraska 
area from sponsoring churches will gather in 
local settings to view the programs and com- 
plete follow-up assignments outlined in an 
1 1 accompanying workbook, also prepared at 
I ! Brethren House. 

Interchurch Ministries of Nebraska con- 

e i tracted with Brethren House for this service, 

i since many of their churches are small and 

too spread out to allow convenient gather- 

1 1 ings for teacher-training. Following the air- 

1 1 ing of the programs, Brethren House will re- 

! tain the television tapes, workbooks, and 

j ! rights for use elsewhere. 

The Renewal Center, across the street 

i from Brethren House, is ready for use this 

i winter. Anticipated uses include individual 

' and group retreats for spiritual reflection 

and growth, as well as small-group meetings. 

The Brethren House team is prepared to 

offer leadership for people who request it. 

New Products 

Two new books are ready for distribution: 

!(1) The Brethren House Times Scrapbook 

i (Birth and Boyhood of Jesus) is a compilation 

of activities on these subjects from previous 

issues of the Times. This is in answer to the 

requests of many people who have received 
the regularly-published newsletter over the 
past ten years. 

(2) Peacemaking Activities for Children (and 
Intergenerational Groups) offers twenty 
"hands-on" learning activities highlighting 
peacemaking principles in the New Testa- 
ment. These activities are based on the Ser- 
mon on the Mount and Romans 12. 

Continuing Local Ministry 

Following the six-week fall tour of nine- 
teen workshops in Alabama, Oklahoma, 

Gretchen French, a helper at Brethren House 
since its beginning in 1967, holds Bonnie Koch, a 
young pupil. 

Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, 
Ohio, Texas, and Florida, the Brethren 
House team will again be concentrating on 
local ministry. Bible-teaching activities for 
children, youth, and adults; publication of 
the teaching-idea newsletter; organization of 
a resource library on justice and peace is- 
sues; administration of the Renewal Center; 
and coordination of The Tampa Bay 

Peacemakers will be the work of the 

team locally. 

Our Thanks 

We at Brethren House are grateful to 
The Brethren Church for continuing to 
provide, rent-free, three of the four 
facilities for our work here in St. 
Petersburg. We're also thankful to the 
Lord that we have been able to finance 
the Renewal Center and assume all other 

The Renewal Center is across the street from Brethren House, expenses for the ministries. 


November 1982 



news from the Brethren Church 

Allen Baer arrives In Buenos Aires, 
Argentina, on October 3 

Ashland, Ohio — The Brethren 

Church's newest foreign mission- 
ary is now in Argentina. Allen 
Baer arrived safely in Buenos 
Aires on October 3, to begin a 
three-year term of service. 

Allen's arrival in Argentina 
brings to fulfillment a process that 
began almost two years ago. At 
that time he was approached by 
his pastor, Rev. Spencer Gentle of 
the First Brethren Church of 
Goshen, Ind., about possible 
missionary service. After that ini- 
tial contact, Allen made several 
inquiries with the Missionary 
Board about service in South 

Since Allen wanted to provide 
most of his own support, it was de- 
cided that he should return to 
Ashland College, where he could 
take enough courses to earn his 
secondary teaching certificate. 
With this certificate, it is hoped 
that he will be able to find a teach- 
ing position in Argentina while 
serving the Brethren there. 

During Allen's year at Ashland 

Park Street begins two 
with day of celebration 

Ashland, Ohio — Park Street 
Brethren Church began a two wor- 
ship service/two church school for- 
mat Sunday, September 12. In this 
new format, both a church school 
and a worship service are held 
from 9:15 to 10:15 a.m., then again 
from 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. 

According to Pastor Arden 
Gilmer, the first Sunday in the 
new format was a great success. 
Both church school and worship 
attendance were above average. 
One hundred five persons attended 
the new worship service at 9:15, 
and 82 attended the new church 
school at 10:30. Totals for worship 


College, war broke out 
between Argentina and 
Great Britain. Although 
this caused him some 
tense moments, it didn't 
prove to be a great ob- 
stacle to his plans. When 
it came time to secure 
his resident visa, every- 
thing went very smooth- 
ly. The hand of God was 
evident throughout this 
two-year process. 

On September 29, the 
members of the Goshen 
First Brethren Church 
held a carry-in dinner 
to honor Allen and to 
bid him farewell. There 
were around 200 people 
in attendance. The con- 
gregation presented 
him a love gift and a special type- 
writer with Spanish characters. 
The WMS of the church also pre- 
sented him a 10-speed bicycle for 
his use in Argentina. 

Allen has many gifts, especially 
in the area of music, that will be 

service format 
September 12 

and church school were 335 and 
234 respectively. 

The day's celebration included a 
carry-in dinner in the evening, fol- 
lowed by a time of congregational 
sharing, special music by Jim and 
Sue Amstutz (Jim is youth pastor 
at Park Street), and a message by 
Rev. Brad Weidenhamer, church 
school superintendent. 

The two-service format was 
proposed during the summer of 
1981 by the Park Street Board of 
Christian Education as a means of 
increasing worship service attend- 
ance and of promoting church 
school growth. 

Rev. Spencer Gentle (left) congratulates 
Allen following his consecration service at 
the 1981 General Conference. 

put to good use by the church in 
Argentina. He will also take care 
of some of the administrative de- 
tails of the mission office. Con- 
tinue to pray for him as he makes 
the adjustment to a new culture 
and seeks employment as a 

— Stanley Gentle 

Flora First Brethren 
remodel parsonage 



Flora, Ind. — The Flora 
Brethren Church recently 
pleted remodeling its parsonage, 
home of Pastor Alvin Grumbling 
and family. 

The parsonage now has central 
air conditioning and a remodeled 
kitchen. New cabinets, storage 
space, floor, linoleum, and doors 
were installed in the kitchen. New 
appliances, including a stove, were 
also purchased. 

The cost of the project was 
$10,470 and is being paid for by 
freewill offerings and donations. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Two workers join Hispanic ministry 
in Pasadena, California 

Rebecca Grumbling 

Pasadena, Calif. — Rebecca 
Grumbling, a 25-year-old teacher 
and a member of the Mt. Olivet 
Brethren Church in Georgetown, 
Del., arrived in Pasadena, Calif., 
October 1 to begin a tentmaking 
ministry with the Pasadena Breth- 
ren Church. 

Becky, who has felt called to 
mission work for several years, 
will be assisting Juan Carlos and 
Maria Miranda in their minis- 
try to Spanish-speaking people. 
Becky's background, which in- 
cludes a college minor in Spanish, 
is well suited to this ministry. She 
spent a summer working with a 
Brethren Youth Crusader mission- 
ary team in Medellin, Colombia, 
and visited the Brethren mission 
in Tijuana, Mexico, during an- 
other summer. Becky also sang 
with the summer crusader music 
team "New Creation" in 1975. 

More recently Becky taught 
Spanish-speaking and lower in- 
come students for two years in the 
Lorain, Ohio, inner city schools. 
As part of a government-funded 
program, she tutored and pre- 

Becky Grumbling 

sented mini-series to students in 
grades 1-12. The program was de- 
signed to inform students how 
their culture (predominantly His- 
panic) had become a part of the 
"melting pot" of American culture. 
Becky was graduated from Ash- 

land College in 1979 with a B.S. 
degree in elementary education 
and later earned a master of edu- 
cation degree from Ashland. 

For the past year Becky has 
served as Christian education 
director of the Vermilion, Ohio, 
Church of Christ. In addition to di- 
recting the Christian education 
program, Becky directed and taught 
in the church's nursery school. 

Becky is the daughter of Rev. 
and Mrs. Glenn Grumbling of the 
Mt. Olivet Brethren Church. 

On September 26 Becky 
squeezed her belongings into her 
Mazda and headed across country. 
She is now busy looking for a job 
and an apartment so that she can 
concentrate on her new ministry. 

Anyone wishing to encourage 
Becky may write to her in care of 
Rev. and Mrs. Juan Carlos 
Miranda, 207 S. Grand Oaks, 
Pasadena, CA 91107. 

— Ann Miller 

John Maust, Jr. 

Nappanee, Ind. — John Maust, 
Jr., a member of the Nappanee 
First Brethren Church, traveled to 
Pasadena, Calif., September 27 
to enter a missionary ministry 
among Hispanics. He will work 
with Rev. Juan Carlos Miranda 
in Brethren Hispanic work in 
Pasadena and Mexico. His support 
will come from the First Brethren 
Church of Nappanee. 

John, 28, is the son of John and 
Rosanna Maust, also members of 
the Nappanee First Brethren 
Church. He has one sister, Nancy, 
who teaches in a Christian school 
in southern California. 

John attended Ball State Uni- 
versity, from which he was 
graduated magna cum laude in 
1975. He then did graduate work 
at Wheaton College, receiving a 
master of communications degree 
in 1978. At Wheaton, he won the 
McGlathery Award for excellence. 

From July 1975 to March 1977, 

John was editor of the Dunkirk 
News and Sun, a weekly news- 
paper of Dunkirk, Ind. In July 
1978 he became assistant news 
editor of Christianity Today 
magazine. He traveled extensively 
throughout the U.S. and to 

John Maust, Jr. 

Ecuador and Costa Rica covering 
news stories for this magazine. 

Last year John left Christianity 
Today to write and to explore 
other career possibilities. He com- 
pleted a three-month intensive 
Spanish course in San Jose, Costa 
Rica, then traveled throughout 
Central and South America. As a 
result of this trip, he wrote two ar- 
ticles for the Evangelist— "The 
Logans in Medellin" (March 1982) 
and "Turmoil and Hope in Central 
America" (August 1982). 

Prior to John's departure for 
Pasadena, the Nappanee Church 
held a consecration service for him 
on Sunday, September 26. Rev. 
Alvin Shifflett, pastor of the 
church, presented a message enti- 
tled "When God Calls" during the 
service. Rev. Spencer Gentle, a 
member and past president of the 
Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church, read the statement of pur- 
pose for the consecration and pre- 
sented the questions of affirmation 
of faith and call to service to the 
missionary candidate. Nappanee 
deacon chairman Dick Mishler 
and financial chairman Dick Best 
also participated in the service. 

November 1982 



Dr. Frederick J. Finks honored 
at Southeast District Conference 

Maurertown, Va. — A special 
Southeast District Conference was 
held at the Maurertown Brethren 
Church on Saturday, September 
18. One purpose of the conference 
was to honor Dr. Frederick J. 
Finks, a former member of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church who 
is now vice-president of Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Finks was the inspirational 
speaker for the conference, pre- 
senting a message during the 
morning session. Then, following 
the afternoon session, the confer- 
ence surprised him with a time of 
celebration in his honor. 

Rev. Doc Shank emceed the 
celebration and reminded the au- 
dience of some of "Freddie's" 
exploits as a young person in the 
Maurertown Brethren Church and 
as a camper in the Southeast Dis- 
trict. Others in the audience were 
also given an opportunity to 
"roast" the guest of honor. Several 
gifts were presented to him, rang- 
ing from the humorous to a plaque 
bearing the inscription, "Pre- 
sented to Frederick J. Finks in ap- 
preciation for outstanding service 
to The Brethren Church, by the 
Southeast District, 1982." 

Dr. Finks' service to The Breth- 
ren Church began while he was a 
youth in the Southeast District 
and continued during his student 
years at Ashland College and 
Theological Seminary. Following 
seminary, he became pastor of the 
Winding Waters Brethren Church, 

At left, Dr. Fred is reminded of some of his escapades as a camper. 
At right, Rev. Doc Shank presents him a plaque of appreciation for 
his outstanding service to The Brethren Church. 

Bethlehem Brethren Church Pastor Pat Velanzon 
leads a small-group discussion of Dr. Finks' message. 


Elkhart, Ind., where he ministered 
until May of this year. During his 
10 years at this church, member- 
ship quadrupled and a new 
sanctuary seating approximately 
500 was built. 

During the past year Dr. Finks 
served The Brethren Church as 
General Conference moderator. On 
July 1, 1982, he became vice- 
president of Ashland Theological 

In his message to the district 
conference, Dr. Finks spoke on 
"The Brethren Church Through 
the Eighties." Using Acts 2:41-47 
as his text, he noted four aspects of 
growth in the early church: (1) 
growing up (v. 42), (2) growing to- 
gether (w. 44-46), (3) growing out 
(v. 47a), and (4) growing more (v. 
47b). He then enumerated several 
things he believes Brethren must 
do if The Breth- 
ren Church is to 
grow in the 
Near the end of 
'^•'Ijhis message, Dr. 
Finks mentioned 
^.that Dr. Ralph 
^"*Neighbour, a 
specialist in 
evangelistic out- 
reach, would be 
holding a seminar 
at Ashland 

Theological Seminary in De- 
cember. He challenged his audi- 
ence with the possibility that all 
30 Brethren students in the semi- 
nary could take this seminar if 
$1,500 could be raised in scholar- 
ship money. 

Following Dr. Finks' presenta- 
tion, the delegates broke into ten 
small groups to discuss his mes- 
sage. In the reporting session after 
the group discussions, it was an- 
nounced that the $1,500 needed 
to make it possible for Brethren 
students to attend the Ralph 
Neighbour seminar had been 

After lunch, which was prepared 
and served by the women of the 
Maurertown Church, the delegates 
met for a review of district goals. 
These goals had been discussed at 
the district conference in July, 
then sent to the local churches to 
prioritize. District Vice-Moderator 
Gene Hollinger reported that this 
had resulted in four district goals: 
(1) new mission churches; (2) at- 
tendance and church growth; (3) 
camping; and (4) two to five young 
people training for full-time minis- 
try by 1985. 

After hearing these goals, the 
delegates again divided into small 
groups to discuss ways of achiev- 
ing them. They then reassembled 
(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Medina Bible Fellowship received 
into Ohio District at fall conference 

J Pleasant Hill, Ohio — The fall 

[ j conference of the Ohio District of 

j the Brethren Church was held at 

tithe Pleasant Hill First Brethren 

Church on September 10 and 11. 

The conference opened with a 

! time of fellowship and inspiration 

j on Friday evening. Rev. and Mrs. 

I Rodney Thomas of the Gretna 

I i Brethren Church presented music, 

i followed by a devotional chalk talk 

by Rev. Donald Rowser, pastor of 

I the New Lebanon Brethren 

I Church. 

The Saturday morning session 
I opened with special music by Joe 
IjElsaesser and Mark and Louann 
I Bagnall of the Medina Bible Fel- 
lowship. This was followed by an 
hour of business, with District 
Moderator Gene A. Eckerley in 

The highlight of the business 
session was the action to recognize 
the Medina Bible Fellowship as a 
duly constituted congregation of 
1'the Ohio Conference. Following 
| the unanimous vote on this action, 
those present from Medina stood 
before the conference while all 
joined hands for prayer, led by 
Rev. James R. Black, director of 
home missions and evangelism for 

Southeast Conference 

(continued from previous page) 
to share their conclusions and to 
take care of other district busi- 
ness. District Moderator Robert 
Keplinger chaired this session. 

Approximately 155 people were 
in attendance for the conference. 
This included 32 youth, who in ad- 
dition to joining the adults for Dr. 
Finks' message, had separate ses- 
sions including a singspiration, 
volleyball game, and business 
meeting. Both youth and adults 
joined together in the celebration 
honoring Dr. Finks, that con- 
cluded the day. 

The next conference of the 
Southeast District is scheduled for 
April 30, 1983, with the place yet 
to be announced. 

November 1982 

The Brethren Church. 

A second item of business con- 
cerned the Jackson Bible Church 
(formerly the First Brethren 
Church of Massillon). This congre- 
gation has disbanded, so the con- 
ference authorized the district 
trustees to lease the church build- 

Other items of business included 
receiving Rev. Timothy Garner as 
an elder in good standing from the 
Indiana District into the Ohio Dis- 
trict (Rev. Garner is pastor of the 
Walcrest Brethren Church in 
Mansfield); and approving the 
appointment of several new mem- 
bers to fill vacancies on various 
district boards. 

Delegates also learned that the 
Brethren Bible Fellowship of Co- 
lumbus plans to break ground in 
mid-October for a new building. A 
challenge was given to all Breth- 
ren in the Ohio District to donate 
time and labor to help in the con- 
struction of this building. 

The business session concluded 
with a brief explanation by Dr. 
Dale Stoffer of the work of the 
Statement of Faith Task Force. 

Special music by Aleda Davis 
and Joanne Ankney of the West 
Alexandria First Brethren Church 
provided the transition from the 
business to the inspirational part 

Mr. & Mrs. Burvia Laws 
deacon and deaconess 

Wabash, Ind. — Burvia W. (Sonny) 
and Donna Lawson were ordained 
and set apart as deacon and 
deaconess in the College Corner 
Brethren Church on Sunday, 
April 25. 

The ordination was held as part 
of the morning worship service 
and included the following: 
— purpose of the service and call of 
the church, by Larry Knee; 
— Scripture reading and prayer, by 
Dale Sweet; 
— questions to the candidates, lay- 

of the day. Then Rev. Harold Wal- 
ton, pastor of the Fremont Breth- 
ren Church, presented a message 
on the conference theme, "One 
Body in Christ." Rev. Walton 
spoke on "Seven ways we are one 
body in Christ," and "Seven ways 
Satan seeks to hinder our unity in 
Christ" (see pages 6 and 7). 

Following lunch, which was pre- 
pared and served by the Pleasant 
Hill Brethren, auxiliary sessions 
were held. The delegates then 
reassembled to hear special music 
by Gene and Deanne Oburn of the 
Pleasant Hill Church and a mes- 
sage by Rev. Kenneth Sullivan, 
pastor of the Canton Trinity 
Brethren Church. 

In his message on the applica- 
tion of "One Body in Christ," Rev. 
Sullivan spoke on three essentials 
in the church — discipline, service, 
and reconciliation. Discipline, he 
said, means being apprentices at 
the feet of Christ. Service involves 
using our spiritual gifts. And rec- 
onciliation requires respect, pa- 
tience, and courtesy. 

Seventy-four delegates regis- 
tered for the conference, with a 
total attendance of about 125. The 
next meeting of the Ohio District 
Conference is scheduled for March 
19, 1983, at the Canton Trinity 
Brethren Church. 

ing on of hands, ordination and 
setting apart, by Pastor St. Clair 
Benshoff and Marvin Lawson. 

Special music for the service 
was provided by the Sonny Law- 
son family. 

In addition to the above-named 
deacons and their wives, the diaco- 
nate of the College Corner Church 
includes Mr. and Mrs. Gordon 
Downey and Edna Hood. 

A bad moment for an atheist is when he 
feels grateful and has no one to thank. 



Kerry L Scott ordained at Warsaw 
First Brethren Church 

Warsaw, Ind. — Kerry L. Scott 
was ordained an elder in the 
Brethren Church Sunday, July 
25, in the Warsaw, Ind., First 
Brethren Church. 

Kerry, who currently serves 
as associate pastor of the Jef- 
ferson, Ind., Brethren Church, 
is the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank Scott of Warsaw. 

Dr. Jack Oxenrider, senior 
pastor of the Jefferson Breth- 
ren Church, presented the ordi- 
nation sermon. Others partici- 
pating in the service were Dr. 
Richard Allison, associate pro- 
fessor of Christian education at 
Ashland Theological Seminary; 
Rev. Mark Baker, pastor of the 
Carmel, Ind., Brethren Church; 
Rev. Kenneth Hunn, pastor of the 
Warsaw First Brethren Church; 
and Rev. Alvin Shifflett, senior 
pastor of the Nappanee, Ind., First 
Brethren Church. 

Rev. Kerry and Denise Scott 

Special music for the service 
was presented by Mrs. Marjorie 
Zentz. The prelude and postlude 
were played by Mrs. Marjorie 

Kerry joined the Milford, Ind., 

Bryan and Ml Olive group takes 
trip to the Bahamas 

Brethren Church at the age of 
10 and transferred his member- 
ship to the Warsaw First 
Brethren Church when his 
family moved two years later. 
In 1973, between his junior 
and senior years in high school, 
Kerry became a Summer 
Crusader, singing with the 
musical team "The Twelve." He 
also served as a Crusader the 
following three summers. 

In 1978 Kerry graduated 
from Ashland College with a 
B.A. degree in radio/television 
and a minor in religion. He 
then spent over a year working 
for Radio Shack as manager 
and in various other capacities 
before entering Ashland Theologi 
cal Seminary in the fall of 1979. 
While in seminary, Kerry in 
terned at the Jefferson Brethren 
Church and The Church of the 
Savior in Wooster, Ohio. He re 
ceived the master of divinity de 
gree from ATS in June 1982. 

Kerry is married to the former 
Denise Mishler of Nappanee, Ind 



Bryan, Ohio — Ten young adults 
from the Bryan, Ohio, First Breth- 
ren Church and the Mt. Olive 
Brethren Church in Virginia made 
an exciting trip to the Bahamas in 
June. The group first spent a day 
at Disney World, then set off for 
Miami Beach, where they boarded 
the Shark IX, a 54-foot sailboat 
that was to be their home for the 
next seven days. 

The trip included sailing, skin 
diving, cookouts, excursions on de- 
serted beaches and islands, shop- 
ping, and many occasions for 
swimming and acquiring a tropi- 
cal tan. The group also had the op- 
portunity to experience a different 
culture, including tasting foreign 
foods (conch, for example) and 
hearing the music of the islanders. 

Some highlights of the trip were 
shopping in the straw market and 
bartering with the merchants in 
Nassau, spending an evening on 


Paradise Island, snorkeling amid 
coral reefs, exploring an old ship 
surrounded by schools of tropical 
fish, and visiting the island of 
Bimini, where Hemingway wrote 
some of his most famous works. 

Following their return to the 
U.S. mainland, the 
tour members com- 
pleted the trip by 
driving to Virginia, 
where they attended 
the Sunday morning 
worship service at 
Mt. Olive. Then they 
spent a leisurely af- 
ternoon together be- 
fore saying good-bye 
to new friends made 
on the trip. 

Elaine Hensley, di- 
rector of counseling 
at Bryan First Breth- 
ren and one of the 
planners of the tour, 

notes that this was not just a plea- 
sure trip. "Along with the fellow- 
ship on the trip was the knowledge 
that we were all Christians and 
that we could be open with one 
another about our individual 
(continued on next page) 

Tour members stop for a photo during their trip. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Jean Lersch, Donald Rinehart honored 
at AC homecoming banquet 


j : 

Ishland, Ohio — Two members of 
'he Brethren Church — Jean Lin- 
ower Lersch and Donald R. 
tinehart — were among several 
Ashland College alumni honored 
it the annual homecoming ban- 
[uet held Saturday, October 9. 
J ilrs. Lersch received an Outstand- 
ng Alumni Award, and Dr. 
linehart was presented a Distin- 
guished Service Award. 

Mrs. Lersch, who graduated 
irom AC in 1955, was honored for 
ler contributions to Christian edu- 
ation and her leadership in world 
>eace and hunger movements. 

She and her husband, Rev. E. 
D hillip Lersch, Jr., established 
brethren House, a Christian train- 
ng center for children, in 1967. 
This ministry has grown to in- 
:lude trips throughout the U.S. 
md Canada conducting workshops 
or Christian education directors 
md church school teachers of all 
lenominations. The Lersches also 
sponsor the Renewal Center, a 
juest house which is used for re- 
Teats and seminars. 

Jean is the current coordinator 
)f The Tampa Bay Peacemakers, 
an organization seeking world 
peace. She is a former coordinator 
in the St. Petersburg area for 
Bread for the World. She has also 

written numerous 
articles, which have 
been published in 
educational and re- 
ligious periodicals. 

Jean is the daugh- 
ter of Dr. and Mrs. 
L.E. Lindower of 
Ashland. She and 
her husband have 
two grown children. 

Dr. Donald Rine- 
hart received the 
Distinguished Serv- 
ice Award in recog- 
nition of the excep- 
tional amount of time and effort 
he has donated to Ashland Col- 
lege. He is professor of religion at 
AC and dean of the School of Arts 
and Humanities. 

An ordained minister, Dr. 
Rinehart is the 1982-83 General 
Conference moderator for The 
Brethren Church. Before joining 
the college faculty in 1969, he pas- 
tored the Smithville Brethren 
Church from 1965 to 1969. 

Dr. Rinehart received a bach- 
elor's degree in education from 
Ashland College in 1959. He also 
has a master of education degree 
from the University of Arizona, 
and master of divinity and doctor 
of ministry degrees from Ashland 

Jean L. Lersch 

Donald R. Rinehart 

Bahamas Trip 

{continued from previous page) 
concerns and thoughts. Although 
space was rather limited on this 
particular boat for formal group 
meetings, we had many informal 
discussions and sharing times that 
provided encouragement and as- 
surance," she said. 

"Being young adults searching 
for where God would place us, we 
each took this trip as an opportun- 
ity to draw apart from busy 
schedules and routines to experi- 
ence God in a different way. See- 
ing the vastness of the ocean and 
the beauty of His creation, learn- 
ing to lean on His strength and 
power rather than our own fears 

November 1982 

and desires, and settling down into 
quiet reflection and waiting on the 
Lord were all components of our 
spiritual trip on the islands," 
Elaine added. 

Jim Manning, the leader and or- 
ganizer of the trip, is a member of 
the Bryan First Brethren congre- 
gation and has had much experi- 
ence in organizing scuba and snor- 
keling outings of this nature. 
Plans are already underway for 
similar trips during the summers 
of 1983 and 1984. Senior high 
youth groups, young adults, mar- 
ried couples, or church groups that 
might be interested in taking such 
a trip can contact Jim through the 
Bryan First Brethren Church. 

Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Rinehart and his wife, Jan, 
have three children. 

Pleasant View Church gives 
$1,000 for Cleveland 

Vandergrift, Pa.— The Pleasant 
View Brethren Church has given 
$1,000 to help establish a new 
home mission church in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

Much of the $1,000 was raised in 
offerings on "Missions Sunday," 
August 15. Rev. James Black, di- 
rector of home missions and evan- 
gelism for The Brethren Church, 
spoke for the special Sunday. 

"Our people have always been 
very willing to help share in the 
needs denominationally, as well as 
locally," said Pastor Michael 
Gleason concerning the gift. "We 
believe that faith shows itself 
genuine when it's combined with 
our efforts and our giving." 

Johnstown 2nd Brethren say 
farewell to the Brays 

Johnstown, Pa. — The Second 
Brethren Church of Johnstown 
honored Mr. and Mrs. Herb Bray 
at a farewell party on September 
9, as the Brays prepared to move 
to Tampa, Fla. 

Mr. Bray served for twenty years 
as organist of the Second Brethren 
Church. In appreciation for his 
faithful service, the congregation 
presented him a silver candelabra. 




Mr. and Mrs. Richard DeVeny, 50th, October 23. 
Members of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church 
and former members of the Waterloo First Brethren 

John and Deborah Skiles, 55th, October 10. Mem- 
bers of the Masontown Brethren Church. 


Gina Stombaugh to Dennis Dietrich, October 23, at 
the Bryan First Brethren Church; Marlin L. McCann, 
pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church. 

Pam McFarland to Lyle Blosser, September 17, at 

the Louisville First Brethren Church; John A. 

Brownsberger, pastor, officiating. Members of the 

Louisville First Brethren Church. 

Diana Johnson to Todd David Keller, September 

11, at the Louisville First Brethren Church; John A. 

Brownsberger, pastor, officiating. Members of the 

Louisville First Brethren Church. 

Melody Anne Flory to Gerald Robert Fulton, Jr., 

September 4; Pat Velanzon, pastor of the Bethlehem 

Brethren Church, officiating. Bride and groom attend 

the Bethlehem Brethren Church. 

Kimberly Cook to Roger Stogsdill, August 28, at 

the Tucson First Brethren Church; Clarence Stogsdill, 

pastor and father of the groom, officiating. Members of 

the Tucson First Brethren Church. 

Gloria Grassi to Edward Zembar, August 21, at the 

Masontown Brethren Church; Robert 0. Byler, pastor, 

officiating. Bride and groom attend the Masontown 

Brethren Church. 

Jill Elaine Slabaugh to David Lavergne Stone, 

June 12, at the Goshen First Brethren Church; 
Spencer Gentle, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Goshen First Brethren Church; groom a member 
of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Foster R. Shultz, 85, October 9. Member for 21 years 
of the Huntington First Brethren Church. Services by 
James C. Vandermark, pastor. 

Lee Miller, 69, October 5. Charter member of the 
Wayne Heights Brethren Church. Services by Henry 
Bates, pastor. 

Mrs. Mary Denlinger, 84, October 4. Member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church and former 
member of the Dayton Hillcrest Brethren Church. 
Services by Arden Gilmer, pastor of the Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

Howard A. Hacker, 79, September 26. Member for 
29 years of the Huntington First Brethren Church. 
Services by James C. Vandermark, pastor, assisted by 
Rev. Gus Hacker. 
Charles B. Lowmaster, 77, September 24. Member 


since 1939 and trustee since 1944 of the Pleasant 
View Brethren Church. Services by Michael F. 
Gleason, pastor. Mr. Lowmaster did much of the con- 
struction work on the Pleasant View Church building 
and parsonage. He was made a lifetime trustee of the 
church June 28, 1981. He was the father of Rev. 
Charles Lowmaster, Jr., pastor of the Louisville Breth- 
ren Bible Church, and Ethel Ray Naff, wife of Rev. 
James Naff, pastor of the St. Luke Brethren Church. 
Mrs. Ida Ebie, 95, September 23. Member of the 
Louisville First Brethren Church. Services by John 
Brownsberger, pastor. 

Mrs. Marie Lawson, 80, September 22. Member of 
the College Corner Brethren Church. Services by St. 
Clair Benshoff, pastor, assisted by Danny Lawson. 
Sarah (Sadie) Brown, 95, August 21. Member since 
1912 of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Services by 
Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 

Lucille Wright, 77, August 17. Member of the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by Wood- 
row Immel, pastor, and Rev. Robert Skinner. 
Lydia A. Lusch, 88, August 13. Charter member of 
the Roanoke First Brethren Church. Services by 
August Hacker, pastor. 

Albert H. Metzger, 94, August 9. Member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by 
Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Dorcas Ruth Miller, 79, August 6. Attended the 
Louisville First Brethren Church. Services by John 
Brownsberger, pastor. 


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Publication no.: 064-200 

Date ol filing: October 1, 1982 

Frequency of issue: Monthly 

No of issues published annually: 12 

Annual subscription price: $9.00 

Address of known office of publication, and address 

general business offices of the publishers: 524 

OH 44805 
Names and complete addresses of publisher, editor, and managing editor 

Publisher, The Brethren Publishing Company: Editor, Richard C. Winfield: 

Managing Editor, none: 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805 
Owner: The Brethren Publishing Company, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805 
Known bondholders, mortgagees, and other security holders owning or holding 

1 percent or more of total amount of bonds, mortgages, or other securities: 

The purpose, function, and nonprofit status of this organization and the exempt 

status for Federal income tax purposes have not changed dunng the preceding 

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The Brethren Evangelist 


Open to: Youth completing junior year of high school through age 22 

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Remuneration: Weekly honorarium and a $1 ,000 scholarship to Ashland College 

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devotional messages 

Church Staff Internship — Each assignment designed for maximum benefit to 

intern and church; may include youth work, visita- 
tion, devotional messages, teaching, and organiza- 
tional work 

Missionary Internship — Short-term mission service at location to be an- 
nounced; reading knowledge of Spanish required 

Timetable for the 1983 Program: 

December 1, 1982 — Applications available 

January 31, 1983 — Closing date for receipt of applications 

March 1 , 1 983 — Notification to applicants 

April 16, 1983 — "Intro Day" in Ashland 
June 12-August 14,1983 — Term of service 

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The Brethren 

December 1982 


A Message From the Moderator 

Dear Brethren, 

The General Conference of The Breth- 
ren Church will meet August 8-14 at 
Ashland College for the Centennial Cele- 
bration of the Progressive Movement of 
The Brethren Church. 

You are invited to 

come and 

"Rekindle the Gift of God Within You." 

We will begin and end the Conference 
with great experiences of worship. 

Monday evening . . . 

Dr. Bruce Thielman, 

Chaplin at Grove City College, will be 
our keynote speaker. 

Sunday morning . . . 

Dr. Lester P. Westlund, 

Representative at Large for the Depart- 
ment of Overseas Missions of the 
Evangelical Free Church of America will 
be the speaker in a service being planned 

by the Missionary Board of the Brethrei 

We want you and your church to h 
very much involved in the Centennia 
Celebration by: 

1. Bringing your church banner fron 
the 1976 General Conference; or if yoi 
want to make a new banner, please do so 

2. Bringing a quilt from your church t( 
be auctioned off at the quilt auction or 
Saturday afternoon. Men, how aboul 
some crafts for the auction? 

3. Getting yourself in shape to run the 
five kilometer road race on Saturday 

We have other plans in process whicr 
will give you additional opportunities tc 
become involved. 

So begin making your plans now 


"Rekindle the Gift of God"! 

— Moderator Donald Rinehart 

Rev. Virgil Ingraham reports 
on visit to Malaysia and India 

Ashland, Ohio— Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham, executive 
director of the Missionary Board of The Brethren 
Church, made an administrative visit to Brethren mis- 
sion work in Malaysia and India in October. 

He left Ashland on October 1, traveling first to 
Malaysia, where he spent approximately two weeks. On 
October 17 he flew from Malaysia to India for his visit 
to that country. He returned to the U.S. on October 29. 

Rev. Ingraham shares the following report of his 
visit to Malaysia and India. 

It was my pleasure to meet with the Rev. David Loi 
family, Joshua Ting, and their congregation at Johor 
Bahru, Malaysia, where a new work was started last 

Observance of Holy Communion as a part of the 
Sunday morning service was a spiritual highlight, 
with some of our Chinese brethren sharing for the 
first time. This city, located across the Straits from 
Singapore, is growing rapidly, offering increasing op- 
portunities for sharing the gospel. 

Another highlight was being included in the weekly 
prayer service. It was a season of praise and 
thanksgiving, along with intercession for our minis- 
tries in Malaysia, but also linking our concerns wher- 
ever we are at work around the world. 

The program in Penang under the leadership of 

Rev. and Mrs. David Chew is being strengthened anc 
enlarged. More adults have increased their involve 
ment, and leadership among young people is being 

The work in Malaysia is difficult, but we can be 
thankful for the progress to date and the promise oi 
growing congregations in the future. 

My visit to India differed greatly from past pro 
cedure. I had a brief meeting period with Rev. and 
Mrs. K. Prasanth Kumar to discuss the mission and 
its ministries, as well as its problems. 

Of primary importance was the Lord's leading me tc 
a respected Christian lawyer who has been engaged to 
work on behalf of all our Brethren Church's interests 
in India and to strive for Christ-honoring solutions to] 
existing problems after impartial investigation of the 
situations involved. He is highly recommended by 
numerous Christian organizations with which we are 
acquainted. He has specialized in the study and prac- 
tice of India's law as it relates to Christians and the 
Christian church in that Hindu-dominated society. 

May we continue to uphold our Brethren in India in 
our prayers, for those who are working to resolve 
differences, and for the emergence of a stronger and 
outreaching church from these times of testing and 

May I express personal thanks for the prayer sup- 
port of so many of our brethren. And I request your 
continuing petitions for God's solutions to existing 
struggles for everyone who is or might be involved. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

V ^ The Brethren \ • A 


In its 104th year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
Dhurch by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
Dany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

Dne year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.50 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.00 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 75c 
hange of address: Please notify us at 
east three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
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pf The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
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Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
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Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
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Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
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Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Yet doth the star of Bethlehem shed 

A lustre pure and sweet: 
And still it leads, as once it led, 

To the Messiah's feet. 
Father, may that holy star 

Grow every year more bright, 
And send its glorious beams afar 

To fill the world with light. 

William Cullen Bryant 

Vol. 104, No. 12 

December 1982 

2 A Message From the Moderator 

Moderator Donald Rinehart extends an invitation to Brethren 
not only to attend, but to become involved in the 1983 Centen- 
nial Conference. 

4 A Tree Born of Hope 

Ann Miller tells how her most discouraging Christmas turned 
out to be the best, because of a tree born of hope. 

6 One Body in Christ 

Harold W. Walton looks at "Seven Ways Satan Seeks to 
Undermine Our Unity in Christ." 

9 Citizenship in the Holy Nation 

Though citizens of God's kingdom, Christians are called upon 
to work, serve, and provide moral values in the world in which 
we live, says Charles Colson. 

The Board of Christian Education 

12 The Diverse Ministries of 

the Board of Christian Education 

An overview of the various areas of ministry of the BCE. 

The 1982 ABCT Seminars 

A review in words and pictures of the 1982 ABCT Christian 
Education Seminars sponsored by the BCE. 

Singleness and the Church 

Herta Funk suggests ways that churches can minister to single 



■ « ■» i 


11 Learning From Our Heritage 
18 Update 
26 Books 

December 1982 



by Ann L. Miller 

IT was 1975 and we were spending our first 
Christmas in a new town in Florida. R.J. 
was 11, and I was 17. 

Two weeks before Christmas, when R.J. 
and I pulled out the Christmas decorations, 
we discovered all the glass ornaments had 
been broken in the move. Then, as we picked 
out the plastic, thread-covered balls, we re- 
membered that our pet cats, Blackie and 
Gunther, had ruined these the year before. 
They had made great sport of dashing across 
the living room and up the Christmas tree 
before anyone could stop them. The thread- 
covered balls had been their favorite targets 
— pretty things that rolled and were easily 

That left us with a three-foot piece of gold 
garland, 10 feet of silver garland (both look- 
ing sadly well-used), and one string of blink- 
ing lights. 

When we apprised Mom of the situation, 
she didn't hand us the checkbook and tell us 

Mrs. Miller is a free-lance writer and a member 
of the Ashland First Brethren Church (Park 
Street). Her conversion experience, which she re- 
lates in this article, took place at Florida Southern 
College. Two years later, she transferred to Ash- 
land College, where she met and later married 
James Miller. Her husband is now associate pastor 
of the Ashland First Brethren Church. 


to go pick out new ornaments as we expected 
In fact, at supper that evening we learnet 
that this was going to be a meager Christ 
mas indeed. We were told to expect only on 
modest gift under the tree, if we had a tre 
at all. Trees were pretty expensive. 

"But we've always had a tree," we argued 
We could accept not getting lots of gifts, bu 
a tree — a tree was a necessity! 

The next day after school, R.J. and I wen 
watching T.V. 

"Hey, I know what we can do about a tree, 
he said, jumping up off the sofa. 

"What?" I said. I raised my eyebrows an< 
gave him my full attention. He doesn't usu 
ally get excited about things. 

"We can chop down our own Christma 
tree!" he said. 

"Come on, where are we going to find i 
tree to chop down? Christmas trees grow u] 
north. Besides, we can't just go into some 
one's yard and chop a tree down," I said, en 
visioning us getting arrested. 

"I'll find one," he said, and took off out thi 
front door. 

Thirty minutes later he came back. 

"Come on, let's go," he said in his demand 
ing, 11 -year-old manner. 

"Go where?" I asked puzzled. 

"To chop down a Christmas tree," he said 

The Brethren Evangelis' 

'That's probably the Christinas we all remember best The 
most discouraging Christmas turned out to be the best of 
all . . . because of a tree born of hope." 

osing patience with me. He ran out the door 
igain and I heard him rooting around in the 
arport looking for something. After a min- 
lte or two he leaned in the front door with 
m ax over his shoulder. 

"Ya coming?" he asked. 

"Coming where?" I said exasperated. 

"Bobby and Dicky's," he said, rolling his 
jyes and sighing impatiently. "They're going 
;o take us over to the island in their boat so 
f/e can get a tree." 

"Why didn't you say that in the first 
jlace?" I said, grabbing my sweatshirt and 
bllowing him out the door. 

On the island there were plenty of scrawny 
pine trees that vaguely resembled Christmas 
trees. We found one small enough to fit in 
the boat and brought it home. 

It looked pretty sad sitting in the corner in 

the Christmas tree stand. It had eight or 

ine branches — one here, one there — with a 

ig bare spot right in front. But we hardly 


R.J. put the string of lights on the tree, 
wrapped the long silver garland around it 
about six times, and draped the short gold 
arland from top to bottom on the front of 
;he tree. I cut out pictures from magazines 
and pasted them on construction paper to 
imake ornaments, and covered the plastic 
balls with old Christmas wrap and 
aluminum foil. 

That night the whole family strung pop- 

Jcorn. When we were finished, R.J. and I 

turned out all the lights except the eight 

blinking Christmas tree lights (there had 

|been ten on the string, but two were burnt 

out), and Mom and Dad and Grandma and 

i R.J. and I gazed at our special tree. 

That's probably the Christmas we all re- 
ijmember best. The most discouraging Christ- 
i mas turned out to be the best of all . . . be- 
cause of a tree born of hope. 

Hope is not such an uncommon thing in 
our family. I think of Grandma and her in- 
exhaustible hope for R.J. and me. She knew 
that Jesus could transform even the most 
discouraging life into something beautiful, 
and she had hope for us. 

While R.J. and I were doing our part to 

December 1982 

make our hope for a Christmas tree a reality, 
Grandma prayed. It was no secret that she 
prayed for us. We knew she prayed for us 
through all the little troubles (and the big 
ones!) we encountered while growing up. But 
I don't think we realized the magnitude of 
her hope. She longed for us to be deeply com- 
mitted to God. 

We were two spiritually scrawny kids, and 
the possibility of our salvation must have 
seemed infinitely more bleak than our 1975 
Christmas. But Grandma hoped, and because 
of her hope we turned out to be something 

Grandma's hope for me was fulfilled in a 
college dorm room two years after our special 
Christmas, when I asked Jesus Christ into 
my heart. R.J. completely overturned his 
troubled life at 17 by accepting Jesus as his 
Lord and Savior six months after Grandma's 
death. Her hope lives on in us — a legacy of 
faith we cherish. 

Christmas is a time for thinking of God's 
entrance into our world. While He was here, 
He gave us many reasons for hope. He for- 
gave our sins. He promised us eternal life 
with Him. He gave us a Comforter to help us 
during our stay on earth. Let us renew our 
hope this Christmas season, our hope in God 
and our hope for those we love. 

"... and hope does not disappoint, because 
the love of God has been poured out within 
our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was 
given to us" (Romans 5:5, NASB). [t] 


It is Christmas in the mansion, 
Yule-log fires and silken frocks; 

It is Christmas in the cottage, 
Mother's filling little socks. 

It is Christmas on the highway, 
In the thronging, busy mart; 

But the dearest truest Christmas 
Is the Christmas in the heart. 

Author unknown 



». * i, 

Seven Ways Satan Seeks To 
Undermine Our Unity In Christ 

by Rev. Harold W. Walton 

WE are one body in Christ. This is not 
just a spiritual truth. It is also to be a 
practical reality in the life of the church. 
Christians are to live and work together in 
love and unity. 

In order to better understand our unity in 
Christ, we looked in last month's issue of the 
Evangelist at seven ways we are one body in 
Christ. In that article, we saw that our ex- 
perience of the unity of the church can be in- 
tensified if we emphasize those things that 
unite us rather than those that divide. 

At the same time, we must recognize that 
Satan is at work seeking to disrupt the unity 
of the church because he knows that unity 
within the body of Christ is essential to the 
church's efficient and effective working. As 
Christians, we need to remember that Satan 
is the enemy of the church — that he seeks to 
hinder its work. In order to resist his efforts 
among us, we must know how he attempts to 
destroy the church's life and testimony. 

Rev. Walton is pastor of the Fremont, Ohio, 
Brethren Church. This article is an edited version 
of the second part of a message he presented at the 
Ohio District Conference on September 11. The 
first part of his message appeared in last month's 
issue of the Evangelist. 

Therefore in this article, I would like to look 
with you at "Seven Ways Satan Seeks to Un- 
dermine Our Unity in Christ." 

One of the ways Satan seeks to undermine 
the church's unity is by leading it to depart 
from sound, biblical doctrine. 

Doctrine is important. Major portions of 
the Bible deal with doctrine. In addition, the 
Scriptures warn us repeatedly to be on guard 
against doctrinal error (see, for example, 
Matt. 24:4, 11, 24; Acts 20:28-30; II Tim. 
4:3, 4; II Pet. 2:1). In Ephesians 4:14 and 15 
the Apostle Paul exhorts us to "be no more 
children, tossed to and fro, and carried about 
with every wind of doctrine . . . ," but to 
"grow up into him in all things, which is the 
head, even Christ . . . ." 

I hope that the Brethren never have to go 
through the doctrinal struggles that have led 
so many denominations into theological com- 
promise and spiritual decline. But we are 
naive if we think that this is impossible. Vig- 
ilance is necessary lest we wander from the 

One area that is particularly critical is our 
view of the inspiration and authority of 
Scripture. A recent article by Clark Pinnock 
in Christianity Today (9-3-82) declares that 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Let us stand united . . . under the unerring authority of 
the Scriptures and in line with the great doctrines of 

biblical, historic Christianity. 

our view of Scripture is the watershed be- 
tween evangelical theology and all other 
religious thinking. 

As evangelicals, we believe that God has 
spoken and that He has spoken truly. The 
Statement of Faith of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals, of which we are mem- 
bers, declares: "We believe the Bible to be the 
inspired, the only infallible Word of God." 

There are some today, even among evan- 
gelicals, who tell us that we cannot necessar- 
ily trust the Bible in all that it says — that it 
is not necessarily without error in the origi- 
nal manuscripts. But was this the view of 
our Lord? Our view of the Scriptures should 
certainly correspond to His. Jesus said that 
"the scripture cannot be broken" (Jn. 10:35). 
He treated the Scriptures as absolutely 
trustworthy, even with respect to the very 
letters (Matt. 5:18), and the tenses of the 
verbs (Matt. 22:32). If we in The Brethren 
Church refuse to stand for biblical inerrancy, 
we refuse to stand with Christ, and it will 
lead to doctrinal deviations. 

Certainly problem areas exist in the bibli- 
cal text. But we are convinced that there are 
answers for these problems. Satisfactory 
answers have been presented for many bibli- 
cal difficulties, and we may be confident that 
when all evidence is in, the witness of Scrip- 
ture will be confirmed. Let us stand united, 
therefore, under the unerring authority of 
the Scriptures and in line with the great doc- 
trines of biblical, historic Christianity. 

A second way Satan seeks to undermine 
our unity in Christ is by promoting a com- 
plaining, critical spirit within the church. 
This was the besetting sin of the people of 
Israel in the wilderness, and it is often 
found in the church today. It is contagious, 
produces discord among the people of God, 
and leads to His discipline. 

We are told that when the Communists 
took over China, they did not abolish the 
church. They knew a better way to bring 
about its decline. Denunciation meetings 
were scheduled to root out "reactionary ele- 
jments." In these meetings, all wrongdoings 
were to be exposed and confessed. This re- 
sulted in accusatory sessions which hastened 
the demise of the organized church in that 

In the Book of Revelation, Satan is called 
the accuser of the brethren (12:10). We need 
to beware that we don't have a part with him 
in leveling accusations against others in the 
body of Christ. 

To maintain unity in the church, we must 
forbear with one another. When we find it 
necessary to give correction, we must do so 
with meekness, remembering that we are not 
without sins and faults ourselves (Matt. 7:1 
ff.; Gal. 6:1, 2; Jas. 4:11). Let us be careful 
lest we destroy the unity of the body by a 
complaining, critical spirit. 

A third way Satan seeks to undermine the 
unity of the church is by prompting us to force 
our opinions about nonessentials on others. 
Our views on secondary matters must not 
stand in the way of our fellowship with other 
members of the body of Christ. Our relation- 
ship together as children of God by faith in 
Christ and the love that is to characterize 
our relationship (Jn. 13:34 ff.) are more im- 
portant than our differing opinions on non- 

Christians are bound to have differences. 
But in areas of Christian liberty, we are not 
to judge another whose standards are differ- 
ent from ours. Nor are we to cause a weaker 
Christian to stumble by flaunting our liberty 
(see Rom. 14:13 ff.; I Cor. 8). Let us be care- 
ful, therefore, that we do not impede the 
unity of the body by seeking to force our 
opinions on others. 

A fourth way Satan seeks to undermine the 
unity of the body of Christ is by encouraging 
an independent spirit. We can't be the people 
God wants us to be in isolation from the body 
of Christ, even if we watch the "electronic 

It is true that through Christ we have en- 
tered into a personal relationship with God. 
But we also need a relationship with others 
in the body of Christ. We need the church 
with its various functions and ministries in 
order to be the healthy Christians God wants 
us to be. 

In addition, the church needs us and our 
particular God-given gifts for its well-being. 
This is where love enters the picture. Love 
causes us to seek the good of others even at 
personal cost to ourselves. The Christian is 
not only concerned with (next page) 

December 1 982 

'How often our testimony to unbelievers has been spoiled 
by a lack of unity and love within the church — to the 
delight of Satan, the grief of Christ, and the loss of eternal 

his or her own well-being, but with the well- 
being of others in the body of Christ, the 
church. Love is the bond that holds us to- 
gether in a relationship that promotes the 
welfare of the body as a whole (Col. 3:14). 

A fifth means Satan uses to undermine the 
unity of Christ's body is pride — causing 
Christians to think more highly of them- 
selves than they ought to think (cf. Rom. 
12:3). The Book of Proverbs says, "Only by 
pride cometh contention . . ." (13:10). 

The proud heart fails to recognize its utter 
dependence upon God and upon others in the 
body of Christ. As Christians we are to recog- 
nize our smallness and the greatness of God's 
gracious calling. We are to recognize our 
total dependence upon God and our need for 
others in the body of Christ. 

This is what Paul emphasizes in I Corin- 
thians 12, where apparently those with the 
gift of tongues felt they were superior to 
others in the body of Christ. This resulted in 
contention and disharmony in the church. 
These members failed to recognize their 
mutual dependence as members of Christ's 
body. They didn't understand that whatever 
gifts they possessed were given to them by 
God without merit on their part and that 
they were responsible to use these gifts to 
help the body of Christ. 

We, likewise, must realize that whatever 
our gifts (and we all have them), they are 
gifts from God and we will be held account- 
able for how we use them. Therefore, we 
have every reason for humility. 

A sixth means Satan uses to undermine the 
unity of the church is laziness — the unwill- 
ingness of many Christians to do their part 
in the body of Christ. This laziness has 
perhaps been encouraged in recent years by 
those who say that God accepts us whatever 
we do. While it is true that we are saved by 
faith and not by works (Eph. 2:8, 9), we are 
also told that we have been "created in 
Christ Jesus unto good works" (Eph. 2:10). 

In His messages to the seven churches of 
Revelation, Christ tells five of these congre- 
gations, "I know thy works . . ." (chs. 2 and 
3). His evaluation of all these churches was 
based on their works. At the judgment seat 
of Christ, we too will be judged as believers 
according to our works (II Cor. 5:10). 


Most of us need fewer people telling us to 
take it easy and more people telling us to 
give it all we've got for Christ and His king- 
dom. The body of Christ must be working. 
And each of us as parts of that body must, by 
God's grace, do what we can — the best that 
we can — for Christ. 

Finally, Satan uses the flagrant sin of 
Christians to undermine the unity of the 
body. Unconfessed sin not only spoils our fel- 
lowship with God, it also hinders our fellow- 
ship with other Christians (cf. I Jn. 1:7). 

God has called His people to be holy (I Pet. 
1:15-16). Scripture refers to Christians as 
saints — "holy ones." This says something not 
only about our position in Christ, but also 
about how we live — what we do and what we 
don't do. Part of being a Christian is turning 
from sin to follow and serve the Lord. 

Christ's will for His church is that Chris- 
tians dwell together in unity and love. This 
was a major concern in His high priestly 
prayer in John 17 (see w. 20-23). He prayed 
that His followers might be one "that the 
world may believe that thou hast sent me" 
(v. 21). When unbelievers see a oneness 
among the people of God — among people of 
diverse backgrounds and dispositions — it 
encourages them to believe in Christ. Unity 
among God's people also enables the unsaved 
to grasp God's love as they see it reflected 
from Christ's church (see Jn. 17:23). Finally, 
unity and love among God's people leads to 
maturity in the body of Christ — we become 
more and more like Jesus (see Eph. 4:12 ff.). 

It is these results that Satan is attempting 
to prevent as he seeks to undermine the 
unity of the church. How often our testimony 
to unbelievers has been spoiled by a lack of 
unity and love within the church — to the de- 
light of Satan, the grief of Christ, and the 
loss of eternal souls! 

Let us resist, therefore, Satan's attempts to 
undermine the unity of the church. Let us 
avoid doctrinal deviation, a critical spirit, an 
uncompromising attitude on nonessentials, 
an independent spirit, pride, laziness, and a 
lack of holiness. Let us seek instead to live 
together in love and harmony, that the lost 
might be won and that we might be the 
people God has called us to be in His glorious 
Son. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Citizenship in the Holy Nation 

by Charles Colson 

Christians are citizens of another kingdom — the Holy Nation. But 
we are nevertheless called upon to work, serve, and provide moral 
values in the world in which we live. 

AMERICA is a nation in transition, in the 
eye of a storm which pollster Daniel 
Yankelovich calls a "sweeping irreversible 
cultural revolution . . . transforming the 
rules that once guided American life." 
Powerful forces are shaking the very sub- 
structure of American life. 

Like all revolutions, the most profound 
struggle is going on in us. We are desper- 
ately seeking certainty in the midst of confu- 
sion and hope in the face of disillusionment. 
Above all we are confounded by the madden- 
ing contradictions which plague us. Consider 
just these four illustrations: 

The boundless affluence considered to be 
the fulfillment of the American dream led 
to indifference and spiritually destructive 
\\ materialism. 

The technology which promised to lead 
mankind to a new promised land now 
threatens to obliterate it in a giant mushroom 

The self-fulfillment spree of the '70s led not 
to the expected expansion of the human poten- 
tial but to isolation, loneliness and the death 
of community. 

The lofty visions of freedom and democracy 
which ennobled America's mission as a world 
power floundered in the rice paddies of a dis- 
tant continent, raising unprecedented and un- 
answered moral questions. 

Jacques Ellul, the French lawyer- theolo- 
gian, wrote: "Day after day the wind blows 
away the pages of our calendars, our news- 
papers, and our political regime, and we 

Charles Colson is president of Prison Fellowship, 
an international ministry to prison inmates and their 
families. He is also the author of the best-selling 
books Born Again and Life Sentence. 

December 1982 

glide along the stream of time without a 
judgment. ... If we are able to live in this 
world . . . we need to rediscover the meanings 
of events and the spiritual framework which 
our contemporaries have lost." Precisely! We 
are a people wandering in a spiritual wilder- 
ness, searching frantically for our roots and 
crying out for an understanding of the con- 
text in which we live. 

If you follow daily headlines, you will 
quickly conclude that the dominant issues in 
American society are inflation and economic 
policy, or defense spending and social secu- 
rity, or conflicts between conservative and 
liberal political philosophies. But these are 
surface issues. The deeper issues are first, 
what values will we live by — absolute truth, 
the Holy Word of God, or the arbitrary, rela- 
tive whims of the humanist elite; and, sec- 
ond, who will set the moral agenda — the 
church or the bureaucratic social planners 
and vested economic interests of secular 

America's moral leadership is up for 
grabs — and that is where you and I come in. 
The outcome of today's revolution will be de- 
termined by how we respond to the cries of 
our people for moral direction and vision. 

Recent government budget cutbacks put 
the challenge squarely before us. For 50 
years, politicians have led us to believe the 
government could provide answers to all so- 
cial ills. Their recipe was simple: enact a 
law, add at least one government agency, 
pour in money, and stir continuously. 

But the $100 billion deficit for 1982 and a 
stagnant national economy shatter that 
myth. We are learning that there are limits 
to what we once thought was the endless 
abundance of the (next page) 

American economy. So government deficits 
must be curbed, lest they continue to fuel 
morally indefensible, double-digit inflation. 

But the cutbacks hurt those most depend- 
ent on government aid, that is, the poor. If 
inflation is a moral issue, so, too, is society's 
concern for its disadvantaged and oppressed. 
We Christians know from the Old Testament 
prophets that a people who would sell the 
poor for a pair of shoes stand in fearsome 
judgment of Almighty God. 

So the government's budget crisis raises a 
moral dilemma for our society, and a 
spiritual issue for the church. How we re- 
spond will say much for the kind of people we 
are and hope to be; that's why I consider the 
budget crunch Round One in the battle for 
America's moral leadership. 

The church faced its first test in New York 
City. Last Christmas 36,000 homeless men 
and women were wandering the city's streets 
at night. Mayor Koch appealed to religious 
leaders for help: if each one of New York's 
3,500 churches would care for just 10 home- 
less people, a desperate human problem 
could be quickly solved, and without huge 
government expense. 

The New York Times reported the reli- 
gious leaders' response. One Protestant rep- 
resentative was concerned about protocol: 
"The mayor never mentioned this to me . . . 
nobody in his office called to apprise me of 
this." A Catholic spokesman sidestepped. A 
Jewish leader explained that many of the 
synagogues would not have money for in- 
creased heating bills. 

The Times concluded: the church leaders 
would need more time to study the mayor's 
proposal. There was a disturbing silence 
from evangelicals. 

"The outcome of today's revolu- 
tion will be determined by 
how we respond to the cries 
of our people for moral direc- 
tion and vision." 

One can almost imagine how it might 
sound on that day promised in Matthew 25 
when our Lord says, "I was a stranger and 
you did not invite Me in." And the religious 
leaders will respond, "But, Lord, You didn't 
give us time to study the proposal." 

I don't mean to belittle our brothers in 
New York; the issue is complicated, and gov- 
ernment cannot immediately transfer to the 
church full responsibility for the needy. But 
their sorry response should make us ask our- 


selves some tough questions. Have we be- 
come so caught up on doing our own thing, 
putting on massive television extravaganzas 
and organizing vast publishing and para- 
church empires that we have lost sight of our 
biblical mission? 

". . . if we fail even the simple 
test of responding to human 
needs in our own community, 
what possible claim will 
we have to assume a role of 
genuine moral leadership in 

Church bureaucracies can become as bog- 
ged down as government bureaucracies, so 
wrapped up in writing pious statements of 
faith and issuing press releases that they 
forget their reason for existence: to proclaim 
the Good News and obey the clear commands 
of the Scriptures. Of course, the Bible re- 
quires justice and righteousness from gov- 
ernment, but it also demands that we care 
about our neighbors, clothe the naked, feed 
the hungry, and visit the sick and those in 
prison. That's us our Lord is talking to, and 
we don't discharge that obligation by paying 
our taxes or dropping dimes in charity boxes. 
We discharge it by doing the Word of God. 

Round One in the contest for America's 
moral leadership is still going on: whether 
the church is willing and able to step up to 
its biblical responsibility is still to be de- 
cided. It may be the greatest question we 
face. For if we fail even the simple test of 
responding to human needs in our own com- 
munity, what possible claim will we have to 
assume a role of genuine moral leadership in 
society? We dare not fail. 

We are called to live and work and serve in 
this world, but to give our total allegiance to 
an entirely different kingdom — in what the 
Apostle Peter called the holy nation. 

We live in an age in which the church 
seems to be beating a steady retreat in the 
face of the advancing forces of secular cul- 
ture. If America is in the throes of a cultural 
and moral revolution as pollster Yankelovich 
says, then we must realize that secular 
values are winning the battle. 

So it has never been more important — or 
indeed, more difficult — for American Chris- 
tians to understand the difference between 
the holy nation and the nation-state. We 
must take our stand. [t] 

Next month: What Does Holy Citizenship Mean? 
Copyright ©, 1982, Prison Fellowship 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

Sources of Authority— The Church 

AS we continue our look at sources of author- 
ity, we come to the church, the final source of 
authority recognized historically by the Brethren. 
Unlike the other sources of authority — God, 
Christ, the Holy Spirit, and Scripture — the place 
of this source of authority may not be as obvious. 
Furthermore, abuses of authority by the Roman 
Catholic Church have caused many Protestant 
groups to be overly cautious concerning this mat- 
ter. But God's own word must serve as our final 
source of truth on this and all other questions of 
faith and practice. 

At the outset it should be emphasized that The 
Brethren Church (Progressives) from its begin- 
ning has never been hierarchic in structure (that 
is, with authority coming down from the top). 
Rather, we are congregational in government, 
with both the district and national organizations 
serving the local congregations. (Congregationalism 
is limited, however, by the need for agreement on 
essential doctrinal truths.) 

I have already hinted at the purpose of the 
church in earlier articles by noting that God's pri- 
mary purpose in human history is to form a 
people for Himself. God's desire was that this 
people should glorify Him and reflect His charac- 
ter in the world (Ex. 19:5-6; Isa. 43:7; Jer. 13:11; 
Eph. 1:6, 12, 14; I Pet. 2:9). 

This great privilege and responsibility rested 
upon the people of Israel in the Old Testament. 
Due to Israel's unbelief, however, God rejected all 
but a faithful remnant of His people. 

Onto this "olive tree" of faith God grafted Gen- 
tile believers in Christ to form His New Testa- 
ment people, the church (see Rom. 11). The church 
now bears the same privilege and responsibility 
that the people of Israel bore — to be God's own 
possession in order to glorify Him and show forth 
His character (I Pet. 2:4-10). We, of course, have 
far greater resources for carrying out this task, in- 
cluding Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit, and Scrip- 
ture. But this very fact places far greater respon- 
sibility upon us (see Lk. 12:42-48). 

The question remains: In what sense is the 

December 1982 

church a source of authority for us? God has cho- 
sen to work through the church as Christ's body 
in the world to extend His work of salvation and 
reconciliation (Matt. 28:18-20; II Cor. 5:18-20). 
The only authority that the church has, therefore, 
is the authority of a steward or servant left in 
charge of the Master's work (see Matt. 25:14-30). 
Only as the church faithfully serves God in the 
world does it receive God's authority. Simply put, 
the church exercises authority by being a faithful 
servant to its Lord (see Matt. 20:20-28). Any au- 
thority that God grants the church derives from 
this relationship. 

The church has several very important func- 
tions as God's servant and Christ's body in the 
world. First, as the recipient of a variety of 
spiritual gifts (I Cor. 12:18, 28; Eph. 4:11), the 
church is to carry out God's ministry (Eph. 4:12). 
This ministry or service is to lead us to the goal 
we have already cited as one of the purposes of the 
church's existence: to bear God's (or in this case 
Christ's) character (Eph. 4:13). 

Second, because we are God's people, we bear 
certain responsibilities of service to each other. 
We are to do those things which support and build 
up each other in the faith and which encourage 
one another to greater love, service, and faithful- 
ness (Gal. 6:2; Heb. 10:24). 

Third, the negative side of the preceding point 
is that our love for each other is to be so intense 
that we will step in when we see a brother or sis- 
ter straying from the faith. The goal of such cor- 
rection is always to be restoration (Gal. 6:1; II 
Thess. 3:14-15; Jas. 5:19-20). 

Finally, the church has both the authority and 
presence of Christ and the Holy Spirit to enable it 
to perform the task of evangelizing the world 
(Matt. 28:18-20; Acts 1:8). 

As Brethren, we have a rich heritage of loving 
service to each other within the church and to the 
world. Let us remain true to this heritage. And let 
us remember that we receive power as God's 
people only as we serve God faithfully and rely 
upon His enabling Spirit. [t] 


The Diverse Ministries of 
the Board of Christian Education 

THE Board of Christian Education coordinates diverse minis- 
tries that affect virtually all areas of our denominational 
church life. On these two pages we present an overview of some 
of the ministries of the BCE. 

This is followed by a review of the 1982 ABCT Seminars and 
their overwhelming success in ministering to the denomination. 
We also present for your consideration a challenge to a de- 
veloping area of ministry by the local church — singles and their 
particular needs and our response to them. 



The steps to Christian commitment are examined by the Dis- 
cipleship Task Force of the Board of Christian Education. Past 
projects include coordinating the Ralph Neighbour workshops at 
the 1981 General Conference and presenting the Discipleship 
Models Workshop at the 1982 General Conference. 

In 1983, this task force will publish a series of discipling pam- 
phlets designed to lead the new convert through the confusing 
steps immediately following his encounter with Christ. The chal- 
lenges open to this task force are limited only by the resources 
available to them. 

The chairman of the Discipleship Task Force is Kenneth Sulli- 
van, pastor of the Trinity Brethren Church in Canton, Ohio. 
Other members include Robert Clough, Roberta Gilmer, and 
Roger Simmons. 


In 1983 the BCE re-enters the publishing field. Already in pro- 
duction is a Brethren History resource book, providing basic in- 
formation along with learning activities in three areas: children, 
youth, and adults. The book is being written by Rev. Kerry Scott 
and Rev. Tim Garner, with additional materials contributed by 
Mrs. Alberta Holsinger and Dr. Richard Allison. Publication will 
coincide with the 100th anniversary celebration of the progres- 
sive Brethren movement. 

There are several areas to which the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion could bring its resource people. Our concern is that we devel- 
op these projects with a demonstration of good stewardship and 
an eye on their financing. Several areas are under consideration 
by the board to become projects in the months ahead. 



The Board of Christian Education provides administrative 
services and advice and guidance to the National Brethren Youth 

The Brethren Evangelist 

This important ministry of the BCE occupies a significant 
amount of time and effort. Although a nominal sum from the an- 
nual BYC Ingathering is transferred to cover this expense, it 
never does. The BCE underwrites the expenses involved in run- 
ning the National BYC — another deficit portion of our total 

The Director of Christian Education and a representative of 
the board's BYC Development Task Force meet with the BYC 
Council each winter to plan program and organization. In addi- 
tion, the BYC moderator serves as a voting member of the Board 
of Christian Education. This interaction between the BYC Coun- 
cil and the board enhances the relationship and the ministry of 
The Brethren Church to our youth. 

The BYC Development Task Force is chaired by Mike Gleason. 
Its members include Mike Funkhouser, Archie Nevins, Gregg 
Brelsford, Ken Van Duyne, Linda Barr, and David Cooksey. 


The Association of Brethren Church Teachers is a para-profes- 
sional organization of Christian disciplers in The Brethren 
Church. The goal of the ABCT is to help its members develop the 
skills necessary to teach and disciple, building on their strengths 
and exposing them to new ideas in Christian education. 

The ABCT is not self-supporting; that is, membership and par- 
ticipation fees do not pay for benefits received. The annual 
budget for the ABCT is always a deficit budget, with the differ- 
ence being made up from gifts to the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion from individuals and churches. 

The article on the next two pages highlights the 1982 ABCT 


The Creative Retirement Task Force was formed to explore 
ways in which retired Christians can continue to make a contri- 
bution to the work of the church, utilize their time in a meaning- 
ful way which is personally gratifying, and offer guidance to 
"pre-retirees" regarding preparation for retirement. 

This task force hopes to make available a resource guide, pro- 
gramming ideas, and conduct workshops and seminars for pas- 
tors and church leaders to help them in their ministry to retired 
persons in the local church. 

Members of this task force include Jane Solomon, chairperson; 
Pat Dovey, Donna Stoffer, Dan Gray, and Bonnie Munson. 


In addition to those outlined above, the Board of Christian 
Education pursues many other ministries: the Teacher Certifica- 
tion Task Force; involvement in the National Christian Educa- 
tion Association, a branch of the National Association of 
Evangelicals, giving a national voice to the Christian education 
concerns of The Brethren Church; administration for the Sum- 
mer Crusader Program; and administration of the Christian 
Educator of the Year award each year at General Conference. 

As a part of our goal setting and program implementation, the 
board is considering reinstituting the Life Work Recruits pro- 
gram, a Cross-Country denominational study, and other areas 
where the total discipling of the church can be enhanced. [t] 

December 1982 


The 1982 
ABCT Seminars 

In February of each year the staff of the 
BCE begins the planning that leads to 
the fall round of workshops known as the 
ABCT Christian Education Seminars. Pres- 
entations by qualified resource persons at 
central locations within the larger districts 
of the denomination provide opportunities for 
"skills strengthening" at various levels of the 
discipling process. 

In 1982, the seminars ranged from the Mil- 
ledgeville Brethren Church in the Central 
District to the Maurertown Brethren Church 
in the Southeast District. Additional semi- 
nars were held in Indiana, Pennsylvania, 
and Ohio. Currently, the BCE is exploring 
the possibilities of presenting a modified ver- 
sion of these seminars in the California and 
Florida Districts. (Brethren in those areas 
should check their mail carefully for more in- 
formation in late December or January.) 

The 1982 leaders included Director of Pas- 
toral Ministries William Kerner, leading a 
workshop on "How to Be a More Effective 
Leader." The intent of this class was to ena- 
ble participants to develop their particular 
leadership style by learning essential skills 
and adapting that style to different situa- 
tions. The seminar was particularly helpful 
to pastors, moderators, and others in leader- 
ship roles. Rev. Gerald Barr characterized 
this leadership workshop as one of the most 
valuable seminars his church members had 
ever had. 

Ronald Waters, recently named Director of 
Denominational Business following several 
years of service to the Brethren Publishing 
Company, led a seminar on "Church Growth 
Through the Sunday School." Participants in 
his seminar examined Sunday school attend- 
ance patterns and solutions to long-term de- 
cline; eleven standards for effective outreach 
through the Sunday school leading to church 
growth; and how to develop and implement 

plans for effective outreach. 

Participants in this church growth semi- 
nar also participated in a game in which 
programming decisions were made and 
evaluated in terms of the direction of the 
game. Discussion by class members and the 


The Brethren Evangelist 

leader helped in the analysis of Sunday 
school decisions. 

Mike Gleason and Ken Hunn alternated 
leadership of the seminar on "Creative Mod- 
els for Teaching Adults." These two pastors 
brought a no-nonsense approach to their 

examination of the skills needed to be an ef- 
fective teacher of adults. Participants studied 
two models of adult teaching and came away 
from the seminar filled with practical ideas 
for application in their own Sunday school 
classes. This seminar was presented because 
of the growing number of adults who need to 
be reached through innovative, yet sound, 
teaching methods. 

James R. Black, director of home missions 
and evangelism for The Brethren Church, 
presented "Teaching Missions With Motiva- 
tion," an overview of historical and contem- 
porary missionary activity. He emphasized 
building motivation into local congregations 
and their concern for the missions program 
of The Brethren Church. Rev. Black's partici- 
pation in the seminars is evidence 
of the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion's commitment to supporting 
the total ministry of The Brethren 
Church in a coordinated manner. 
The Association of Brethren 
Church Teachers is a program op- 
erated by the Board of Christian 
Education at a deficit. Gifts made 
by the Brethren to the board are 
used to underwrite this deficit so 
that training and literature can be 
provided to Christian educators 
throughout the denomination. 

Another means of financing the 
program of the ABCT is through 
subscription memberships. Mem- 
bers receive a quarterly magazine, a monthly 
newsletter, and discounts at ABCT Semi- 
nars. Membership information is available 
through the Board of Christian Education 

Plans are already underway for the 1983 
round of seminars. Initial plans indicate a 
youth ministries concept will be presented in 
seminar format, and a "nuts-and-bolts" ap- 
proach to preparing a Sunday school lesson 
will also be developed. Additional informa- 
tion regarding dates, time, and place will be 
available in the spring of 1983. [t] 

December 1982 


Singleness and the Church 

by Herta Funk 

Because of changing lifestyles — and moral 
values — the number of singles to whom churches 
have an opportunity to minister is increasing 
continually. Our society has more singles by 
choice, more singles by divorce, and more sin- 
gles by death than ever before. We need to be 
sensitive to their needs and responsive in our 

Herald Press has recently published a com- 
pilation of essays concerning ways in which 
churches can minister to singles. The book is 
entitled Single Voices, and was edited by 
Bruce Yoder and I mo Jeanne Yoder. 

The Board of Christian Education of The 
Brethren Church encourages Brethren to have 
an increasing awareness of ways we can minis- 
ter to singles. Therefore it presents the following 
specific suggestions for ministering to singles, 
taken from Single Voices. 

1. Young adult groups. Of young adults, 
according to statistics, 26 percent attend 
church, even though 86 percent had some re- 
ligious training in the past. That is true in 
spite of the fact that they are highly reli- 
gious and very service-oriented. Writers on 
faith development, like John Westerhoff, say 
that many of them are in a "searching-faith" 
stage. One young adult asked: "Do you have 
a class for skeptics?" Does the church have a 
place where young adults can ask faith ques- 
tions without posing a threat? "It is doubtful 
that singles will remain in a class which 
stifles discussion or prohibits the sharing of 
experiences," says Bobbie Reed in Developing 
a Single Adult Ministry. Many denomina- 
tions, including Lutherans and Catholics, are 
devoting a great deal of attention to young 
adults and single adults. 

2. Studies for the congregation. Some 
books on singleness lend themselves for con- 

Herta Funk is director of adult education for the 
Commission on Education of the General Confer- 
ence Mennonite Church, Newton, Kans. 

gregational study. This book, in itself, is an 
attempt to provide such study. Another ex- 
ample is the collection of essays Ifs O.K. to 
Be Single, edited by Gary R. Collins (Waco: 
Word Books, 1976). Some classes like to 
develop their own program so that they can 
draw on resources in the area. It is important 
to listen to what single persons themselves 
have to say. 

3. Books for the library. At present many 
good books on singleness, divorce and remar- 
riage, single parenting, stepparenting, and 
young adults are on the market. Each church 
should have a section available to its mem- 
bers. Those who have to make a sudden 
transition from married to single life would 
benefit from resources ranging from stages of 
grief to money management. 


It is important to listen 
to what single persons 
themselves have to say." 

4. Divorce recovery events. The last retreat 
for formerly married which I conducted drew 
mostly young divorced persons. For the wor- 
ship service, all picked up stones at the lake 
to represent their lives. One young man said 
of his piece of rock: "My stone is flat and 
round, with one part of the circle broken off. 
That is the way I felt when I came. But after 
this weekend I think I can begin to put the 
circle back together again." Few self-right- 
eous Christians are among the divorced. In- 
stead of condemnation they need affirmation. 
"Don't shoot, I'm already wounded," Jim 
Smoke advised the participants at a single 
adult leadership training (SALT I) event in 
1980. People respond to a tough love which 
recognizes their hurt, yet challenges them to 
seek growth through the hard experiences. 

5. Help in stepparenting. There are 11 mil- 
lion blended families in the United States. 
Dr. Thomas Holmes and colleagues at the 


The Brethren Evangelist 

University of Washington School of Medicine 
have developed a Social Readjustment Scale 
which gives points for 43 life events that can 
cause stress. An accumulation of 200 points 
may result in physical symptoms that indi- 
cate stress overload. A blended family with 5 
stepchildren can accumulate as many as 507 
stress points. Those contemplating remar- 
riage should be helped to understand the po- 
tential stresses of a stepfamily so that they 
can better prepare to face the challenges and 
minimize the stresses. 

"Those who have to make a 
sudden transition from mar- 
ried to single life would 
benefit from resources rang- 
ing from stages of grief 
to money management." 

6. Help for children of divorce. Who helps 
children deal with divorce? One statistic 

[shows that 65 percent of them think they 

| were the cause of the divorce. Currently 
some good literature is available to help chil- 

j dren understand what is happening. There is 
also some literature to help parents 
minimize this feeling of responsibility in 

| their children. 

7. Single adult ministry as outreach. Often 
people are open to the church at points of 
stress or crisis in their lives. One Mennonite 
church in the city advertises in the local 
paper that a single adult group is meeting 
for Bible study and sharing. People who 
would never enter the church otherwise come 
to share their distresses. This church discov- 
ered it is important to have good listeners, 
people who care, available to share the hurts 
of people. It also learned not to be discour- 
aged because the group varied from week to 

8. Single -parenting assistance. It is hard 
■ to be responsible for children every minute of 
I the day and night. Single parents are so 
h grateful if families in the church include 
I their children in activities. Children need a 
I number of adults as models. Because most 
I single-parent families are headed by women, 
I they are often poor. The New York Times 
u (12-3-80) reported: "Women-led families are 
U on the rise. Women now head 12 percent of 
I all white families, 20 percent of all Hispanic 
ij families, and 41 percent of all black families. 
I The median income in 1978 of women-led 
I families was $8,540, less than half of the 
I $17,640 median income of all families." Fi- 
I nancial aid can at times minimize stresses. 

For instance, single parents may find it diffi- 
cult to pay the registration fees for special 
retreats, so the church could make scholar- 
ships available. 

9. Counseling services. "We need to talk 
when grieving the death of a spouse or when 
agonizing through a divorce," says Bobbie 
Reed in Developing a Single Adult Ministry. 
"Sometimes we just need a person to listen 
and not respond. Sometimes we need an em- 
pathetic shoulder to cry on. Other times we 
are seeking specific guidance and counsel." 
The church could provide training in peer 
counseling to persons with sensitivity to the 
needs of others, yet who are able to refer 
serious problems to professionals. 

10. Service opportunities. Research has 
shown that young adults are idealistic and 
service-oriented. It often takes someone in 
the church to lay a hand on a young single 
adult to consider voluntary service, missions, 
or the ministry. Some churches have discov- 
ered that young adults can be introduced to 
the challenges of Christian service during 
summer internships in the local church or 
through short-term service in North America 
or some foreign country. One Mennonite 
church which pays several of its young 
people minimum wage for church service 
rendered during the summer is seeing a 
number of them enter Christian service pro- 

"Often people are open to the 
church at points of stress or 
crisis in their lives. . . . 
People who would never enter 
the church otherwise come 
to share their distresses." 

11. Remarriage education. The question of 
whether divorced persons should remarry is 
being discussed across the church. For some 
Christians remarriage is not an option. 
Many are, however, remarrying, and remar- 
riage education is one way of standing with 
these people. Of all divorced persons, 80 per- 
cent remarry. Although 40 percent of first 
marriages fail, 60-70 percent of second mar- 
riages fail. Remarriage education, however, 
can bring down the failure rate the second 
time around. Such a program need not ad- 
dress the Tightness or wrongness of remar- 
riage, although that question also needs to 
be addressed by the church. [t] 

Reprinted by permission from the book, Single Voices, 
Bruce Yoder and Imo Jeanne Yoder, editors, copyright © 1982 
by Herald Press, Scottdale, Pa. 15683. 

December 1982 



news from the Brethren Church 

Patrick R. Velanzon ordained 
at Maurertown Church 

Maurertown, Va. — Patrick R. 
Velanzon, Jr., was ordained an 
elder in the Brethren Church on 
Sunday afternoon, May 9. The 
service of ordination was held at 
the Maurertown Brethren Church. 

Rev. Kent Bennett, former pas- 
tor of the Maurertown Brethren 
Church, presented the ordination 
message. Other Brethren elders 
participating in the service were 
Rev. James Naff, pastor of the St. 
Luke Brethren Church; Rev. Gene 
Hollinger, pastor of the Mt. Olive 
Brethren Church; Rev. Archie 
Nevins, pastor of the Washington, 
D.C., Brethren Church; Rev. C.Y. 
Gilmer, retired; and Rev. Bruce 
Shanholtz, retired. 

Also taking part in the service 
was Alvin Vann, moderator of the 
Maurertown congregation, who 
read the action of the church call- 
ing for Patrick's ordination. The 
prelude was played by Dean Min- 
nick and Donna Bennett. Special 
music included a duet by Mike and 
Barbara Woods and a solo by Rev. 
Archie Nevins. 

Patrick Velanzon was born and 

Rev. Patrick Velanzon and family. 

raised in Stanford, Conn. He at- 
tended Danbury High School, 
Danbury, Conn., graduating in 
1966. He then enlisted in the U.S. 
Marine Corps, in which he served 
from August 1966 to February 
1969, including 13 months of com- 
bat duty in Vietnam. 

Four months after his discharge 
from the Marines, Pat married 
Kathy Colen, from Danbury, 
Conn. In 1972 the Velanzon's 
moved from Connecticut to Edin- 

Pennsylvania youth hold rally 
at Pleasant View Church 

Vandergrift, Pa. — The Pennsyl- 
vania District BYC held its fall 
rally at the Pleasant View Breth- 
ren Church the weekend of Oc- 
tober 22-24. More than 60 youth 
from eight district churches at- 
tended the rally. Churches repre- 
sented were Berlin, Cameron, 
Highland, Johnstown Second, 
Masontown, Valley, Vinco, and 
Pleasant View. 

The Highland, Masontown, and 
Pleasant View churches had the 
most in attendance, with Highland 
winning the attendance banner. 

In addition to the regular busi- 
ness sessions, the weekend rally 
included some fun activities. 
Among these were a "Saturday at 
the Movies," featuring "The Cross 
and the Switchblade," and a 
hayride and bonfire on Saturday 

— Donald Hesketh 

Each day the U.S. military 
spends more money than the en- 
tire annual budget of the United 
Nations World Food Program. 

— World Concern magazine 

burg, Va. It was following this 
move that Pat came to know the 
Lord. He gives this account of his 

"Eventually I was employed by 
the Virginia Department of High- 
ways and Transportation, where 
two Christian co-workers, Alvin 
Vann (a member of the Maurer- 
town Brethren Church) and Ralph 
Burner (lay pastor of Meadow 
Mills Church of the Brethren), 
began to share the gospel with me. 
I, in turn, shared this too-good-to- 
be-true news with my wife. But we 
were both skeptical, thinking we 
were 'okay' people." 

"Alvin invited us to revival 
services at Maurertown Brethren 
Church, where we heard the Good 
News preached by Rev. Kent Ben- 
nett. We began attending Sunday 
morning worship and we both 
went forward to give our hearts to 
the Lord in January 1974. We 
were baptized in the Shenandoah 
River in June 1974." 

At several points Pat felt a call 
to fuller ministry. Then at the 
1977 General Conference, he and 
Kathy went forward in response to 
a call by Dr. Charles Munson for 
people to give their lives to full- 
time ministry. 

Pat followed this up by entering 
a training program under the 
guidance of the Southeast District 
Board of Spiritual Oversight. 
While in this training program, he 
preached from time to time at sev- 
eral churches in the Southeast 

Then in August 1981 Pat was 
called to serve the Bethlehem 
Brethren Church as interim pas- 
tor. Since June of this year he has 
served this congregation full-time. 

Pat and Kathy are the parents 
of two children, Allison (10) and 
Jessica (8). 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Two missionary families return to U.S. 
for three-month furloughs 

Ashland, Ohio — Two Brethren 
missionary families returned to 
the United States in November to 
begin three-month furloughs. 

First to arrive was the Mark 
Logan family, missionaries to Co- 
lombia, who flew into Orlando, 
Fla., on November 12. Accompany- 
ing them was Nelson Mendoza, 
son of Luis Mendoza, a pastor and 
leader in The Brethren Church in 

The Logans and Nelson were 
met in Orlando by Mark's mother, 
Edna Logan. After a couple of days 
in Florida, including a visit to the 
Sarasota and Bradenton Brethren 
Churches on Sunday, November 
14, they traveled to the Logan 
home in Virginia. There they 
spent the Thanksgiving holiday 
with family and friends. 

Ray and Marilyn Aspinall, mis- 
sionaries to Argentina, arrived in 

West Alexandria Brethren round up 
strays on Old-Fashioned Sunday 

West Alexandria, Ohio — Sun- 
day, October 17, was "Sunday 
School Round-Up" and "Old- 
Fashioned Worship Service" Sun- 
day at the West Alexandria First 
Brethren Church. This is an an- 
nual event at the church, and its 
purpose is to "round up the strays" 
who have drifted away during the 
summer months. 

Children were urged to wear 
their cowboy and western clothes 
to Sunday school, and adults were 
encouraged to come dressed in old- 
fashioned clothes for the worship 

service. The old-fashioned theme 
was carried out in the service with 
old-fashioned singing and old- 
fashioned preaching. 

"Sunday School Round-Up" and 
"Old-Fashioned Worship Service" 
Sunday was a great success, with 
164 in attendance for Sunday 
school (compared to an average of 
125 in previous months), and 232 
at the worship service. 

The special occasion concluded 
with an old-fashioned carry-in din- 
ner following the worship service. 
— reported by Luella Painter 

West Alexandria First Brethren members enjoy an "old-fashioned" 
I carry-in dinner. Pastor Charles Ankney (center) wore a pair of bib 
I overalls for the occasion. A visitor was overheard to ask if the pastor 
j preached in bib overalls every Sunday! 

Tampa, Fla., on November 22 to 
begin their furlough. Accompany- 
ing them were their oldest daugh- 
ter, Kathy, her husband, Daniel 
Rosales, and their son, Ezequiel. 
The Aspinalls and the Rosales 
spent Thanksgiving with Ray's sis- 
ter in Florida. They will be travel- 
ing to Ohio in early December. 

Both the Aspinalls and the 
Logans will be available for a lim- 
ited amount of deputation dur- 
ing their three-month furloughs. 
Churches interested in having 
them visit their congregations 
should contact the national office 
of the Missionary Board of the 
Brethren Church, 530 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 

1982 Conference 
Annual completed 
and distributed 

Ashland, Ohio— The 1982 Gen- 
eral Conference Annual has been 
completed and distributed. The 72- 
page booklet includes minutes, re- 
ports, and the moderator's address 
from the August General Confer- 
ence. It also includes minutes from 
the auxiliaries which met during 
the week. 

Copies were distributed in two 
ways. A personal copy was sent di- 
rectly to pastors, associate pastors, 
other elders, moderators, and 
seminary students. In addition, a 
supply of Annuals was sent to 
each church — enough for each 
General Conference delegate and 
for the church office. 

General Conference delegates 
should see their pastor to receive 
their copy. Additional copies may 
be purchased from The Brethren 
Church National Office for $3.50 
each (price includes postage and 
handling) while the supply lasts. 
Payment must accompany the 

The 1983 Brethren Church Di- 
rectory will be produced this 
winter as a separate publication. 

December 1982 



Brethren Bible Church of Louisville 
breaks ground for first building 

Louisville, Ohio — The Brethren 
Bible Church of Louisville broke 
ground for its first church building 
on Saturday afternoon, September 
25. Approximately 50 people at- 
tended the groundbreaking, which 
took place at the building site on 
Louisville Street, two miles east of 

Rev. Charles Lowmaster, pastor 
of the Brethren Bible Church, 
gave the invocation, extended the 
welcome, and led the dedicatory 
response. The message for the 
service was presented by Rev. 
James R. Black, director of home 
missions and evangelism for The 
Brethren Church. The prayer of 
dedication was offered by Rev. 
Duane Houser, president of the 
Louisville Ministerial Association. 

Others participating in the serv- 
ice included Paul M. Clapper, 
chairman of the deacon board and 
publicity committee, who pre- 
sented a historical review of the 
first four years of the congrega- 
tion; and Dan Moran, vice mod- 
erator, who led a responsive read- 
ing. Congregational singing was 
directed by Elaine Kerstetter and 
accompanied by Patty Veirheller 
and Shirley Clapper on guitars. 

Louisville HERALD staff photo 

Charles Buchanan prepares to make the first dig as other groundbreaking 
participants (I. to r.) Shirley Clapper, Paul M. Clapper, Charles Townsend, 
Rev. Charles Lowmaster, Karen Moran, Dan Moran, and Mae Holland look on. 

An informal time of fellowship 
followed the groundbreaking serv- 
ice, with food and beverages pro- 
vided by the social life committee 
of the Brethren Bible Church. 

When completed, the new 
church building will be 112 feet 
long and 51 feet wide. The 
sanctuary will measure approxi- 
mately 50 feet by 48 feet, and will 
seat 325 when fully used. The 
building will also contain a fellow- 
ship hall, three classrooms, a 
nursery, office, kitchen, mechan- 

ical room, and restrooms. 

It is being financed by a $25,000 
loan from the Brethren Home Mis- 
sion Revolving Fund and "over 
and above" giving of the 60-mem- 
ber Brethren Bible Church. The 
members of the congregation also 
plan to do much of the work on the 
building themselves. The Oakes 
Construction Company of Massil- 
lon is the general contractor for 
the building. 

The Brethren Bible Church now 
meets at the Louisville YMCA. 

Floor plan for the new building of the Brethren Bible Church. See the 
architect's drawing of the building on the next page. 





Elkhart youth begin BYC year 
with "Back-to-School Retreat 

Elkhart, Ind. — Nine junior and 
senior high youth and four youth 
advisors from the Elkhart First 
Brethren Church participated in 
a "Condensed Back-to-School Re- 
treat" on Sunday, September 19. 
The purpose of the retreat was to 
enable the youth to get to know 
one another and their advisors, to 
give them a preview of youth ac- 
tivities for the year to come, and to 
generate enthusiasm. 

The retreat began at noon with 
a sack lunch. While the youth ate, 

one of the advisors read aloud an 
article from Campus Life maga- 
zine entitled "The Cafeteria Survi- 
val Guide." Lunch was followed by 
a half hour of relaxation, during 
which the youth could read Chris- 
tian literature or listen to tapes of 
popular Christian rock groups. 

To take advantage of the beauti- 
ful fall day, the group set aside a 
couple of the planned indoor 
games to play kickball in a small 
park near the church building. 
They later returned to the church 

Ml Olive Brethren adding education 
wing to their church building 

Pineville, Va.— In the late 1970's, 
the first seeds for an expansion of 
the Mt. Olive Brethren Church 
building were planted. Plans were 
developed, pledges received, and 
we were on our way — we thought! 

Unfortunately, as so often hap- 
pens, apathy and fear set in and 
our plans were put on "hold." 
There they gathered dust and the 
pledges accrued interest! 

Early this year, God again 
nudged us into action. With ap- 
proximately 50% of the estimated 
building cost in hand and more 
pledges pending, the congregation 
voted to reactivate its plans and 
begin building. This new wing will 
have 5,830 square feet of floor 
space providing additional class- 

rooms, nursery, pastor's study, and 

Groundbreaking was held June 
20, and in a very short time we 
saw the beginning of our new edu- 
cation wing. Now the project is ap- 
proximately 60% finished with 
completion expected in February. 

Our conviction that this is God's 
leading has been confirmed by the 
enthusiasm and generosity of all. 
The donations of labor, money, 
and encouragement from members 
and non-members have been over- 
whelming. We are certainly grate- 
ful to those who have contributed 
in this way, and pray for God's 
continued guidance. 

—Mrs. Odessa B. Shelton, 
vice moderator 


to quench their thirst, cool off, and 
join in the "Musical Mystery" 
game and a race called "Following 

Supper, which followed, con- 
sisted of a salad smorgasbord 
(each person had brought a salad) 
and potato soup (furnished by the 

After supper, the group got 
down to serious business. Self- 
evaluation questionnaires led the 
youth to think seriously about and 
to evaluate their Christian be- 
havior during the previous school 
year. Next they looked at Scrip- 
ture passages that set forth stand- 
ards of Christian behavior. 

The youth and the advisors then 
answered a group evaluation ques- 
tionnaire, which served as a tran- 
sition into the business part of the 
retreat. In the business meeting it- 
self, which concluded the retreat, 
the youth elected officers, then dis- 
cussed goals and planned ac- 
tivities for the year. A lot of ideas 
were bounced around, and much 
excitement generated. 

Ideas and activities for the 
"Back-to-School Retreat" came 
from Adventures With Youth 
magazine. Since it was necessary 
to shorten the plans presented in 
the magazine, the retreat was 
called the "Condensed Back-to- 
School Retreat." 
—reported by Steve and Judy Estep, 

Steve and Sharon McCloughan, 

Elkhart youth advisors 

Architect's drawing of the building being constructed by the Brethren Bible Church of Louisville. (See article, 
floor plan, and picture of groundbreaking on opposite page.) 

December 1982 



Columbus Brethren Bible Fellowship 
breaks ground for first building 

Columbus, Ohio — On October 16, 
approximately 100 Brethren from 
seven Ohio District churches 
braved the chill of a cloudy, windy 
Saturday afternoon to witness the 
groundbreaking service of the 
Brethren Bible Fellowship of Co- 
lumbus. This mission church, 
begun jointly by the Ohio District 
and the national Missionary Board 
in September 1980, was breaking 
ground for its first building. The 
Fellowship currently meets each 
Sunday at the Commodore Perry 
Middle School in Columbus. 

Rev. James R. Black, director of 
home missions and evangelism for 
The Brethren Church, was the 
speaker for the groundbreaking 
service. Dr. Dale Stoffer, pastor of 
the congregation, presented the 
welcome and the invocation, and 
led the dedicatory response. A his- 
torical review of the congregation 
was given by Erica Weidenhamer, 

Scale: one inch equals 
approximately 17 feet 


• jit 

Despite the chill, the congregation listens attentively as Rev. James 
R. Black delivers the message at the groundbreaking service. 

and Mark Miller led a responsive 
reading. Rev. Dann Saylor, pastor 
of the Columbus First Brethren 
Church, offered the prayer of dedi- 
cation. Special music for the serv- 
ice was presented by guitarist 
Steve McPherson. 



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1 1 








m s 


Floor plan for the building, which is now under construction. 

A time of fellowship and food 
followed the service, with the new 
congregation providing the meal. 

The new building is being con- 
structed on a four-acre site in a 
rapidly growing area of northwest- 
ern Columbus. When the building 
is completed, the congregation will 
be known as the Smokey Row 
Brethren Church, the name com- 
ing from the street on which the 
building is being constructed. 

The structure will contain ap- 
proximately 3,500 square feet, 
with a worship area measuring 32 
feet by 49 feet and seating 150. 
Four classrooms at the back of the 
worship area will open up to pro- 
vide seating area for an additional 
70 worshipers. A pastor's study, 
nursery, restrooms, mechanical 
room, narthex, and kitchen area 
off one of the classrooms will also 
be included in the building. 

Total cost of the building is esti- 
mated at $142,500, but the Fellow- 
ship hopes that this figure can be 
significantly reduced by doing 
much of the work itself and by 
purchasing building materials at 
cost. The Columbus Brethren 
Bible Fellowship and the Ohio 
District Mission Board have also 
appealed to other Brethren in the 
Ohio District to become involved 
in this district mission church by 
(continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Two special events highlight fall program 
at Falls City First Brethren Church 

Falls City, Nebr.— The Falls City 
First Brethren Church held two 
special events as a part of its 
church life this fall. 

The first of these was a Father- 
Son Banquet on Sunday evening, 
September 26. Forty -three fathers 
and sons enjoyed the meal, which 
was prepared by the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Society of the congrega- 
tion. The Clefsmen, a male choral 
group of local residents, provided 
the program for the banquet. 

The second special occasion was 
Family Day, observed Sunday, Oc- 
tober 10. Ninety-nine people at- 
tended the morning worship serv- 
ice on this date. Among the guests 
were Rev. and Mrs. Wilbur 
Thomas, parents of Rev. James 
Thomas, pastor of the Falls City 
Church. Rev. Wilbur Thomas, now 
retired, served pastorates in the 
Midwest District at one time and 
held revival services in the Falls 
City Church. Other guests were 
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Stump from 

During the worship service, 
greetings were read from former 
members no longer living in the 
area and from most of the former 
pastors. Among these were Rev. J. 
Milton Bowman, Rev. Elmer Keck, 
Rev. Jack McDaniel, Rev. Robert 
Holsinger, and Rev. George 

Prichard. Pastor James Thomas 
brought the morning message, 
entitled "God's Purpose for the 

Following the service, 78 people 
joined together for a carry-in din- 
ner. They then spent a part of the 

afternoon renewing acquaintance- 
ships and reminiscing. All agreed 
that it was a rewarding day that 
should become an annual event in 
the church. 
—reported by Mrs. James Rieger, 
corresponding secretary 

Midwest District Conference held 
October 7-9 at Fort Scott 

Fort Scott, Kans. — The Midwest 
District Conference of Brethren 
Churches held its annual meeting 
October 7-9 at the Fort Scott 
Brethren Church. A total of 29 
delegates attended the conference, 
representing the Cheyenne, Wyo., 
Carleton and Falls City, Nebr., 
and the Derby, Mulvane, and Fort 
Scott, Kans., congregations. 

The conference opened on 
Thursday evening with an inspira- 
tional service during which Rev. 
Albert Curtright presented his 
vice moderator's address. Rev. 
David Powell, moderator, pre- 
sented his address on Friday 
morning. Rev. James Thomas, pas- 
tor of the Falls City First Brethren 
Church, presented an inspira- 
tional message during the Friday 
evening service. 

Business sessions, held Friday 
morning and afternoon and Satur- 

day morning, included national 
and district reports, action on the 
district constitution, election of 
officers, and a decision to continue 
the district home mission work in 
Kansas City, Kans. 

Officers elected for the 1982-83 
conference year were Rev. Smith 
Rose, moderator; Rev. James 
Thomas, vice-moderator; Marilyn 
Minor, secretary; Shirley Powell, 
assistant secretary; Edith Gulp, 
treasurer; Marilyn Minor, assis- 
tant treasurer; and Lucille 
Coleman, statistician. 

Muslims expect their religion to 
have the highest number of adher- 
ents worldwide within the next 
few decades. Muslims currently 
number about 1,000 million. The 
number of Christians is estimated 
at 1,400 million. 

— EP News Service 

Architect's drawing of the Smokey Row Brethren Church building, now under construction. 

(continued from previous page) 
helping in the construction. 
Financing for the building is com- 
ing from loans to the church by 
members of the congregation. 

Work on the new building began 
shortly after the groundbreaking 
service, with the footers being 
poured on November 9 and the 
foundation blocks being laid the 

following day. Men from the Co- 
lumbus Fellowship and the New 
Lebanon Brethren Church were on 
hand to provide the labor for this 
stage of the work. 

December 1982 



Rev. and Mrs. George Hagenbuch honored 
at Williamstown First Brethren Church 

Williamstown, Ohio — Sunday, 
August 29, was observed as 
"Hagenbuch Day" at the First 
Brethren Church of Williamstown. 
The occasion was the 50th wed- 
ding anniversary celebration of 
Rev. George and Mrs. Ruth 
Hagenbuch. Rev. Hagenbuch pas- 
tored the Williamstown congrega- 
tion in 1974 and 1975, and he and 
Mrs. Hagenbuch continue to at- 
tend the church. 

On this special occasion, Rev. 
Hagenbuch presented the message 
during the morning worship serv- 
ice. Also during the service, Mrs. 
Hagenbuch played the marimba 
while their son and daughter-in- 
law, John and Judy Hagenbuch, 
sang a duet. 

Then at two o'clock in the after- 
noon, Rev. and Mrs. Hagenbuch 

George and Ruth Hagenbuch 

repeated their marriage vows in a 
full wedding ceremony. Rev. 
Robert Van Hoose, the current 
pastor at Williamstown, officiated 
at the ceremony. Following the 
service the Williamstown 

Worship committee seeking theme song, 
poetry, music for 1983 Conference 

Shipshewana, Ind. — The worship 
committee of General Conference 
has announced that it is challeng- 
ing Brethren people to write a 
theme song for the 1983 Confer- 
ence. This Conference will be the 
Centennial Celebration of the Pro- 
gressive Movement of The Breth- 
ren Church. Its theme will be 
"Rekindling the Gift of God," 
based on II Timothy 1:6-7. 

Theme song entries (words and 
music) are to be sent to Robert 
Keplinger, 44 Laughton St., Upper 
Marlboro, MD 20772. The deadline 
for entries is March 15, 1983. 

The worship committee is also 
interested in other music or poetry 
written by Brethren that might be 
incorporated into the Centennial 
Celebration. These would be used 
in two ways: (1) in writing a Breth- 
ren muscial; (2) for a published 
collection. The music or poetry 
should center on some aspect of 
Brethren heritage (history), life- 
style, thought, or doctrine. 

Appropriate musical submis- 

sions include hymns, gospel songs, 
choruses, or benedictions. Or 
perhaps some would like to try 
composing an anthem or setting a 
Scripture text to music. 

Suggestions for poetry include 
responsive readings or new lyrics 
for a familiar hymn tune. Others 
may w